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A Home Newspaper Published tru Interest of the People and for Honesty in Governmental Affairs. Vol. V. No. 19. Salisbury, N/C., Tuesday, April 27th, 1909. Wm, H. Stewart, Editor. LEXINGTON AND DAVIDSON COONTY. Chickens Having Hard Time. APleafoi the Worn Out Horses. Lexington Dispatch, April 21st. The horse traders are here. Some of them have left. There has been mighty little traffic in ani mals this court, The crowds have been small. We would just like to say, right here, that something ought to be done to these fellows who drag poor old broken down rips from place to place, trying to convert their old and aching bones into coin. Some of them can hardly move—pitiful sights. The power hous1 people tell a funny story in connection with Monday morning’s fire. A thief stole two pairs of trousers from the men who work at the water plant at night, and had just about time enough toget to Center street when the hideous fire whistle be gan to sound the alarm. Next morning the pants were found in the street. It is presumed that when the thief heard the whistle so soon after his theft, he natur ally thought they were blowing it for him, and guilt being heavy on his heart, he dropped his booty and tied. Some say he is likely to be running yet. E. L. Weaver, of Warrenton, who has been here several weeks in the interest of his vending ma chines, has closed a trade with Messrs. J. W. Crowell aud W. A. Anthony to manafacture one thousand of the machines. Work is already going on and some of the machines will be finished by Monday. It was invented by E. L. fclmith, of Windsor. One style machine will hand you a nickel package of crackers, upon your dropping coin in the slot. If you drop a dime, it hands it back to you. Another style sells apples, another chewing gum, another cigarettes aud cigars and another smoking tobacco. People in po sition who know say that the men interested in this machine “have got a good thing.” The older people will remember Professor Charles M. Symthe, a northern man who came here in the early sixties and taught school. He died here and was buried in the cemetery, A daughter has writ ten to a friend here stating that she wishes to come to Lexington in May and try to locate the grave, Mrs, Smythe was a Miss Harris, and the family is well-remembered by two or three of the older citi zens, and others doubtless will re call them. Friday as No. 36 was pulling out, bearing the last of the gentle men who attended .Orange Pies bytery , a chicken, evidently bad ly out of balance, mentally, as a result of dodging about during the week when so many preachers were in town, flew up on the trian and all efforts to get it to come down proved unavailing. It knew this week the Methodists would meet in conference, and it doubt less reasoned that if Presbyterian ministers could cause such hard lines to appear in a fowl’s lffe there wasn't a chance for it when the Methodists came. The last seen of the chicken it was still on No. 36, as it it rounded the bend But no doubt, even it did escape both it landed in the hands of the colored porter on the traiu There is one chicken lost to the Lay men's Movements this week, but the town has many more auc every one is curteously offered tc the visiting brethren. Any lady reader of this paper wil receive, on request, a clever “No. Drip” Coffee Strainer Coupoi privilege, from Dr. Shoop, Racine Wis. It is silver-plated, ver, pretty, and positively prevents al dripping of tea or coffee. Th< Doctor sends it, with his new froi book on “Health Coffee” simpb to introduce this ciever subBtitut' for real coffee. Dr. Shoop’s Healtl Coffee iB gaining its great popu larity because of: first, its exquis ite taste and flavor; second its ab solute healthfulness; third, it economy—l-Jfb 25c; fourth, it convenience. No tedious 20 to 31 minute boiling. “Made in a min ute.” says Dr. Shoop. Try it a your grocer’s for a pleasant sui prise. Sold by all Grocers. GOOD ROADS LEGISLATION. Provision Made bj the State to Assist in the Construction of Public Roads. One of the acts of a general na ture that was passed by the Gen eral Assembly of 1909, relates to good roads and should be the means of greatly promoting and stimulating the construction of improved roads in North Carolina This act carries with it an appro priation of $5,000 aud, as stat' d in the act, “the object and purpose of this appropriation shall be to enable the North Carolina Geolog ical Board to advise with the township and county authorities in building and improvement of the public roads, by sending to the township or county a competent road engineer, who will assist them in locating the improved roads, advise them as to the best road to build and how to build it, and alpo give advise relating to the beBt kind of bridge to be built in con nection with the improvement of any road. The Geographical Board, through the State Geolo gist, may make inquiries in regard to systems of road building anal management throughout the Unit ed States and make investigations and experiments in regard to the best methods of road-making and the best kind of road material, and shall disseminate such knowl edge by lectures to be given in the different counties and by prepar ing, publishing and distributing bulletins and reports on the sub jects of road improvement, and shall also gather and tabulate in formation and statistics of road building in North Carolina and disseminate the same throughout the State.” As will be seen from the above, it is now possible for t,he Geologi cal survey to hire engineers who are competent road builders and take up with the various counties and townships who are contem plating the construction of im proved roads, where to locate their roads, what is the best road to build, giving consideration to lo cation, and how to build it. Arrangements have been made to employ W. L. Spoon as road en gineer for the geological survey and he will enter upon his duties about May 1st. Mr, Spoon’s home is in Alamance county, and he »s a graduate of the University of North Carolina. He has been d ivotiug himself to the Btudy and construction ot good roaas ior fifteen years and during the past seven years has been road en gineer for the office of public roads of the United States Department of Agriculture. He is considered by the office cf public roads as one of the best engineers in this couutry and for some features ( I road engineering he has no equal. Thus he comes thoroughly equipped to take up the various phases of the euiueeriug work which he will be called upon to do in the different counties of North Carolina. The survey, which has made a thorough s> udy of the good roads problem, is confident that it will be able to save to the counties which are inaugurating a system for the construction of improved roads, considerable money that other counties, which have taken up this kind of work, have spent unwisely on account of lack of ex perienco. In North Carolina there are three types of improved roads now being constructed: macadam gravel and sand-clay. In deter mining the kind of road to be built, certain important conditions inns! be considered: (1) availabilitj and suitable road building mate rial; (2) estimated amount ol traffic over the road; (3) wealth , of the county which is to pay foi i the road. In deciding these qnes ’ tions, the road engineer of the ge ! ologial survey should be of greal 1 assistance to thetownships orcoun ties, and before these communi . ties begin the construction of im 3 proved roads all these question! 3 should be given careful coDsidera ^ tion aud the system planned ou (. before the work is started. In do . ing this there will be little chanci of locating the road in the wrong CONCORD AND CABARRUS COUNTY. Surprise Marriage. Judgment Against Register of Deeds. Concord Times. April 2 nd Another surprise marriage oc curred last Sunday, when James Cook, son of Charlie Cook, and Miss Scott Dees, daughter of R. A. Dees, went to Fort Mill and were married, In Esq. Lore’s court last Satur day judgement of $200 was ren dered against Register of Deeds J. F. Harris in favor of R. T. Joyner, of No 9. The suit was brought against Mr. Harris for issuing li cense to Mr. Joyner’s daughter, Miss Pearl, and Adam Burris. The girl was not of legal age, and it wa« claimed that Mr. Harris failed to “swear on the book’ the witness who testified aB to her age. R. T. Grant, who has been with the Cannon mills for several years has resigned that, position and is now traveling for a Richmond house selling oils, etc. He will be succeeded by John Kluttz, of Durham. 1 Last Tuesday evening while “Walter Lipe, the 15-year-old sou of L E. Lipe, was running his father’s automoble w:>od saw at H G. Ritz’s ho got his hand caught by the saw and badly hurt The four fingers was sawed to the bone between the knuckles and , the second joint. It was thought at first that the haud would have to be amputated, but the wound? are doing well eo far, and it is now expected that the members will be saved?. Othar A. Barringer, of Mt. Pltasanr, has gone to Rockwell to take charge of the work of the Barringer Manufacturing Co., the new cotton mill there being erect t*d by Rev. Paul Barringer and as sociates. It is expected that the mill will be started in June. A Great Complication. \ When the second trial [of Beach Hargis, charged with the murder of his father, Judge James Hargis, is called at Irvine, Ky., this week, one of the thiiteen attorneys for the defonse will be a woman at torney, Mrs. William A. Young. Her husband, who was one of the attorneys who secured the acquit tal of Eugene Gardner, m San Francisco, for the murder of a negro, will also act for the defense, which will he directed by United States Senator W. O. Branley. This will bo the first time a woman attorney has appeared in an im portant case in Kentucky. Hargis has at his command fifty thousand dollars for his defence. This includes all his mother’s part of the estate left by the parent whom lie killed, ns well as his own share. His sister, Mrs Evelyn Hogg, now has a suit pending in which her mother is defendant, to prevent all the money of the es tate being used to defend the young man.—Jackson, Ky,, dis patch. ' a , ._ Swept Over Niagara. This terrible calamity often happens because a careless boat man ignores the river’s warniugs growing ripples and faster current -Nature's warnings are kind. That dull pain or ache in the back warns yon the kidneys need atten tion if you would escape fatal maladies—Dropsy, DiabeteB or Bright’s disease. Take Electric Bitters at once and see Backache fly and all your best feelings re turn. Auer long sunenng rrom weak kidneys and lame back, one $1 00 bottle wholly cured me,” writes J. R Blankenship, of Belk, Teun. Only 50c at all druggists. placs and the money available for the construction of improved roads will be spent to the best advant age. All township and county authorities are cordially invited to write to the geological survey of fice for information on any sub ject relating to improved roads and for engineering assistance if i same is desired, or for some mem ■ ber of the survey staff to visit the i county and address their people ■ on the subject of good roads — i Extract from circular No. 44 bj ; the state’s geologist. SELECTION AND BREEDIN6 OF PLANTS. Some Detailed Information That Should Interest Progressive Farmers and Gardeners Perhaps there is no one subject related to farmiug that is of great er importance to the farmer than the improvement of his general crop by seed selection and breed ing. The work is notonly intense ly interesting but it usually results in awkeuing a keener interest in all phases of crop production, in eluding the preparation of the soil for the seed bed, the cultivation of the growing plant, fertilization, aud even the marketing of the products. As a rule it costs no m re to cultivate a crop grown from good seed, from improved varieties, than it does to cultivate a crop that will produce scrub plants. The originators and growers of improved varities not only have the satisfaction of hav ing made the growing of these crops more profitable by reason of improved quality and increased yields, thus benefiting every one interested in their production and consumption but they usually also reap an additional financial re ward from the sales of the seed or piauis oi ineir improvea vanueB. Higher priced lands call for larger yields of belter quality in order to make interest on the money invested. Furthermore improved varities are stronger constitutionally and are not so subject to effects of disease. In fact some varities have been pro duced that are immune to certain diseases. They simply have the vigor to rosier, them. The growing and distribution of good varities is a far-reaching factor in our national prosperity. The breeder, therefore, becomes a public benefactor as well as mak ing larger crops himself and reap ing an increased re* euue resulting from the higher p .'sites which the improved varities command upon the market. He may thus attain to prominence which otherwise he would never have acquired. Good farming helps to make good citi zens, and good citizens help in the making of good farmers. ART AND SCIENCE IN BREEDING. The work of producing better plants is both au art and a science. I'he science of breeding includes the work of the investigator in de termining by means of experiment the principles relating to the dinerent problems ot breeding. The work of the scientific investi gator may not in itself be profit able, yet it may result in valuable additions to the knowledge of the subject. The work of the investi gator is the discovery of the prin cipals of breeding. These the practical breeder may not have the training, the time, the oppor tunity, or the means to discover. The art of breeding is the work of growers who by long experience with the crop from a commercial standpoint become accurate judges of the value of plants for cultiva tion and economic propagation. Often, also, it embraces the prin ciples discovered by the scientific iuvestigator or breeder. QUALIFICATIONS FOR THE BREEDER. Success :n the Improvement of farm crops depends to a great ex tent on some important qualifica tions of the breeder. He must have a natural liking for his work and the plauts which he is im proving, The experience gained by constant association with crops with which the breeder is interest ed is the most important factor involved in the production of new or unproved vanues. is is sms experience that makes it possible for the breeder .to pick out the best plants almost intuitively, although in many cases it is not possible to give exact reasons for the selections. This accurate judgment comes easiest to those naturally adapted to the work. However, it may be acquired by any careful farmer who has real interest in the subject by the study of the plants from all pos sible scources of knowledge. ADAPTION TO ENVIRONMENT. I The adaption of the varieties to the conditions of soil and climate where they are grown is one of the (Concluded on page six ) STATESViLLE AND IREDELL COUNTY, Revenue Officers Doing Great Business. Cotton Mill Case Compromised. Statesville Landmark, April 20-23. Annie Weaver, a half-witted ne gro woman who lives on East Front street, secured a bottle of laudanum Saturday evening and drank a big dose of the drug. As a result she “went crazy” and for some little time Saturday night she made things lively in the negro settlement where she lives. The United States district court, Judge Boyd presiding, convened yesterday morning. The grand jury was drawn with R. M. Rose bro, of Cleveland, as foreman. The trial of cases on the criminal docket was begun, District Attor ney Holton and Assistant District Attorny Coble representing the government. Samuel Benton, who died in Statesville last week, left an estate valued at about $10,000, about $5,000 of real estate and $5,000 of personal property. Mr. Benton left a will, R B. McLaughlin be ing named as executor. A farm iii the vicinity of Troutman, val ued at about $5,000, was left to T. W. Hager, of Memphis, Tenn,, a nephew of Mr. Benton. W. O. Benton, 01 the deceased, is to re ceive $1,200 in cash or securities and Mrs. E. E. Harwell, his sis ter, $800. The residue of the es tate is left to a niece, Miss Josep hine F. Benton, of Atoka, Tenn, Charlie Summers a noted char acter of Sharpesburg township, was arrested Sunday morning about 5 o’clock at his home in Sharpesburg by Sheiff Deaton and Deputy Sheriff Ab. Brown, and was brought to Statesville and lodged in jail. He is charged with retailing in four cases and illicit distilling in one case. He gave $1,000 bond yesterday after noon and was released. The case of the Statesville Cot ton Mill against the firm of A. D. Juiliard & Co., of New York, was settled by compromise here yester day by the attorneys in the case. In the compromise Juiliard & Co. paid the Statesville Cotton Mill $5,080 and all costs in the case Tillett & Guthrie, of Charlotte, represented Juiliard & Co. and McLaughlin & Nicholson and Arm field & Turner were attorneys for the plaintiff. 1 Deputy UoUector J. M Davis and Deputy Sheriff Ward found and destroyed a large illicit dis tillery plant in Eagle Mill town ship Saturday. The outfit showed evidence of having been in use for some time and the 150-gallon still and all other fixtures were in their places when the officers arrived. The officers also destroyed 600 gal lons of bear, abont 30 gallons of low wines and a lot of meal which were found at the plant. No one was on the premises when they ar rived. In discussing the recent sale of beef cattle fed at the State Test Farm near Statesville, Commiss ioner of Agriculture Graham, who recently visited the farm, says the sales, which amounted to abont $22,000, netted $236 in cash and 107 tons of manure, after deduct ing all expenses. Mrs. L. P. Allen and children this week moved to Spencer, where they will occupy property owned by Mr. and Mrs. Allen. Mr. Allen who is a fireman on the local shift ing engine, will continue his work nolo uuu win oyttuu uuuuaja niuu his family at Spencer. Mr. and Mrs. W. B. Blackwelder will occu py the Rickert house, corner Cen ter and Front streets, vacated by the Allen family. Rev. J. H. Pressley received a telegram this morning announc ing the death last night at Ches ter, S. C , of Rev. C. E. McDon ald, a prominent minister of the Associate Reformed Presbyterian Church. He will be buried at Winsboro, S. C., to-morrow. William .H. Cowan died very , suddenly at his home in Olin township, yesterday. He was not well yesterday but did not seem tc j be seriously ill. Yesterday morn VISITS WHITE HOUSE. Senator Tillman's First Call There For Seven Long Years. His first visit to the White House iu about Sbven years was paid to-day by Senator Tillman of South Carolina and he received a cordial greeting from President Taft His appearance in the exe cutive offices created a sensation. The Senator walked to the White House unaccompanied, but left with Senator Beveridge of Indiana, riding to the capitol with the lat ter in his automobile. Booker_T. Washington was wait ing to see the President when Sen ator Tillman arrived. The South Carolinan was immediately snown into Mr. Taft’s private office. The call was purely of a social nature, it was declared. “1 came,” said Senator Till man, “to see if the office-seekers had fried any fat off the Presi dent, but they haven’t fried a pound.” Asked why he had never visited the White House in the past, Sen ator Tillman replied: “I waited ti'.l a gentleman got here.” . . -V • iu o nor necessary to maae a nine days’ wonder of my visit to President Taft,’, said Mr. Till man after his return to the Capi tol. “We have always been good friends, and ;I have frequently gone to see him as Secretary of War. Whether he has inherited his office from Roosevelt, or been elected by the people there is no reason for any one to suppose that he has inherited Roosevelt’s mean ness.” Mr. Tillman said that he mere ly went to the White House to say good morning to the President and to express his “gratification on having a gentleman there.” “I have no favors to ask of the President and no advice to offer,” said Mr. Tilimau. “I wofild have gone to see him sooner had it not been for the fact that I have been out of the city. I have taken the first convenient opportunity to call upon him.” While at the White House Sen ator Tillman saw Booker T. Wash ington for the first time. “I was very curious to see him,” said Mr. Tillman, “because it enabled me to draw mv own conclusion as to the percentage of white blood there is in him. It is over one-half. Asked what impression he form ed of Washington, Mr. Tillman replied: 1 Booker Washington is consid ered a great negro, and he has great intellectual powers. He has a Jesuitical face. If he had not been engaged with a lot of people about him, I should have gone up to him and chatted with him. I would like to discuss the race question with Booker Washington. I would like to ask him a lot of questions.—Washington dispatch. ing he was still unwell but able to be up. About 12 o’clock, while lying donw, he died suddenly and unexpectedly. The police department has worked up 23 cases of retailing against Turner King, colored, who was placed in jail Monday. It de velops that he has sold booze to all classes of people. Two or three 16 year-old white boys testify that they have bought liquor from him. While examining the cell at the jail occup.ed by the Cloer broth ers the other day, Bruce Leinster, night guard at the jail, found a small piece of metal saw secreted 1» i. i 11 rn 1 piece of saw had been placed in end of a short piece of broom han ble. The saw is supposed to' be a portion of one the Cloers broke while sawing out of their coll some time ago. It is so small that they could have accomplished but lit tle with it had they attempted to do so. Permanently relieves constipa tion and indigestion. Regulates the bowels, builds up waste tirsue, Makes pure blood. You grow strong, healthy and robust. Hol lister’s Rocy Mountain Tea, the safest, nicest Spring tonic. 85 cents.—Cornelison and Cook, ALBEMARLE AND STANLY COUNTY. Contract Awarded for Dam. Rev. J. C. Rowe to Preach Commencement Sermon. Stanly Enterprise, April 22nd, Dr. J. C. Rowe, of Salisbury, has been secured to preach the baccalaureate sermon to the grad uating class of Albemarle graded school at its closing in the latter part of May. Miss Fannie Hartsell surprised her parents and friends by going to Charlotte last week and giving herself in marriage to J. P. Gar rett, a young business man well known in Albemarle. The cere mony was performed on Wednes day. The new roller mill that has been under process of erection by J. I. L. Efird and G. D, Moose is about complete, and will begin operation in a few days. All the machinery has been installed, and the mill is a modern one in every respect. It is located just below the Sibley shops. Albemarle is glad to have this new enterprise added to the list of others. nev. n. u. spunKle and H. L. Horton attended the laymen’s missionary conference for the Salisbury district, which met at Lexington 1 uesday and Wednes lay. Margaret, the infant child of Mr. and Mrs. A. E. Harry, died Sunday in Charlotte, where she had been taken for treatment. The child was attacked a few weeks ago with whooping cough, and this was followed by pneu monia. J. C. Masters, of the Albemarle Development Company, returned Monday, and began negotiations at once for the erection of a stone and concrete dam across the stream that skirts the northern boundary of their property in South Albemarle, and yesterday morning the contract for the work waB awarded to L. A. Moody. The dam is to be 160 feet long, 10 feet high and 10 feet at base. It will be built some 200 yards above the ford, where the stream is crossed by Norwood road. Mr. Masters says the work is to begin at once, and the entire plans for developing the property will be pushed through to early com pletion. He says the company purposes spending a million dol lars on the site. Proved Themselves Heroes. Elmer Lacey, aged 18, was drowned to-day as a result of the capsizing of a small rowboat in the Potomac river here. Two other boys, Komer Lacey, the victim’s brother, and Dewey Neil, who were also- in the boat, narrowly escaped the same fate and would have been drowned but for an heroic rescue by two negroes who were near the scene.—Washington dispatch. -——• - Readers of The Watchman are familiar with the details of the cases against Fayette and Charles All man. These cases were tried sev eral days ago and the defendants found guilty of selling liquor in violation of the law. A line of $700 was imposed and notice of appeal was given. Judge Miller reduced the fines in all the cases to a total of $400 and costs, which was paid. The appeal was with drawn and the defendants agreed to close up the place on East Iu nes street where they have been engaged in the sale of soft drinks and other beverages. -- The old fashioned way of dosing a weak stomach, or stimulating the Heart or Kidneys are all wrong. Dr. Shoop first pointed out this error. This is why his prescrip tion—Dr. Shoop’s Restorative— is directed entirely to the cause of these ailments, the weak inside or controlling nerves. It isn’t so difficult, says Dr. Shoop, to strengthen a weak Stomach, Heart, or Kidneys, if one goes at it coirectly. Each inside organ has its controlling or inside nerve. When the nerves fail, then those organs surely must falter. These vital truths are leading druggists everywhere to dispense and recom mend Dr. Shoop’s Restorative. Test it a few days, and seel Im provement will promptly and sure ly follow. Sold by Cornelison & Cook.