Newspaper Page Text
THE CAROLINA WATCHMAN,
SHORT LOCAL ITEMS Dr. R. V. Brawley, >f this city, has been elected essayist of the North Carolina Medic il Society, recently in session in Asheville. The convention next year of the State Retail Mtorchants Associa tion, will be held in this city next year. F. R. Brown and P. H. Bernhardt sent the following tele gram Thursday, from Elizabeth City, to T. B. Brown: ‘Salisbury wins the next State Convention. We had hot compe tition.” At the recent meeting of the State Retail Merchant’s Associa tion, at Elizabeth City, T. B. Brown, of Salisbury was elected vice-presidbut of this district. W. F. Snider attended a meet ing of the board of aldermen at Coucord, a few nights since, to ask for a franchise tor a street err line. He offered to put up $1000 a- a forfeit in esse work on the line was not commenced in sixty days. L A, Ratey, receiver of the Rowan Grocery, Company, of Spencer, has sold the -business to C H. Morrison, who will con duct it. mixu r nouiu, who is empioyeu on the North Spencer yards as car inspector, had one of his feet caught under the trucks of a car, a few days since. The member was badly injured, but it is not thought he will lose it. If the eclipse scheduled for last Friday evening did any ‘ eclips iug,” it escaped observation here, owing to the cloudy weather. News was received here yester day of the death at Lake Wacca masv, N. C., of the mother of Jno. D. Carrol, of North Mam street,. T ie deceased had conducted a hotel for many years at Lake Waccamaw V. Wallace & Sms are arrang ing to open a large clothing store in Greensboro. They nave 8e. cured a lease on a building and will open up about August 15th. A number of gentlemen in terested in quarry operations, visited Faith and Granite Quarry a few days since, for the purpose of inspecting the quarry proper ties. They expressed themselves as highly pleased and greatly sur prised at all they saw. The gen tlemen referred to are from the South To-night and to morrow night township tax collector A. M. Rice, and city tax collector D. W. Julian will keep opan their offices in the court house until 8:30. There is some talk legal process,if some of the taxpayers do not soon call and settle. Miss Carrie Roberts has gone to Penusacola, Fia., being called there by the illness of a sister. Attorney G. W. Garland is mak ing arrangements to move to New Mexico. Orders are being received at Faith for stone which is to be used in street work at Newberu. The Salisbury Council, No. 272, Royal Arcanum, will give a picnic at St. John's mill on July 1st. Sunday the following were chosen as additional deaconBof St.John’s Lutheran church : W. L Sifferd, C. W, Isenhour, Stahle Linn, Esq, and C. G. Tailing. Judge Miller meted out justice in the shape of fines and jail sen tences yesterday, to eight offend ers. There was not a drunk in the lot, which shows that the blind tigers are keeping low just now, Mrs. P. A Frercks received a letter yesterday from Hamburg, Germany, announcing the death of Henry Frercks, the only broth er of the late P. A. Frercks. Henry Frercks died on the 7th 111st. The sanitary board has decided to commence to-day a wholesale vaccination of citizens. J B Doub mourns the loss of between twenty-five and thirty fine chickens, which were stolen Sunday night from his chicken house, A rumor reached the city yes terday to the effect that a sou of O Cx. Winders, of Fraukliu town ship, had a well developed case of hydrophobia. The rumor could not be confirmed. Miss Effie Barn s and John D. Barber were married Sunday af ternoon, at the residence of D. R. Myers, her brother-in-law. Rev. J. M. McKenzie officiated. Miss Mollie Caublp, daughter of Frank Cauble, died at her home on North Long street Saturday morning. The funeral was held Sunday afternoon at the First B-iptist church, Rev. R. L Motley officiating. It is uot.iced that the street committe of the hoard of aiclei men, has decided to enforce the law against those persons who persist in riding tneir bycles on j tne s dewalks. A large number of ! citizens will hope they are though I ly in earnest abcut this. 1* A recent number of the Wash j ington Herald has a Jong article ! regarding the recently organized i Potomac Heights Laud Comnanv. of Washington. The movers in the enterprise are Salisbury and Spencer citizens, ai d from what the Herald says, we would infer they have struck a bonanza. The Ntwtou Enterprise is au thority for the statement that Rev J. M. L. Lyerly, has decided to liscontiuue his school at Cres cent. He is to go to Newton to take charge of the academic de partment of Catawba College. G H. Bailey, who has repre sented the Metropolitan Life In surance Company here, for several years, has been transferred to Centerville, Md. Mr. Bailey’s Salisbury friends regret his de j parture. Popular Couple to Wed, Announcement has been made of the engagement of Miss Annie Kizer if this city and W. T. BoBt, of Durham, The interesting fact is also conveyed in the announce ment that the wedding will take place on the evening of July 28tb, at St. John’s Lutheran church, in this city. Both are too well known to the people of this city to need anything said in their praise. They number their friends by the score, all of whom will join in wishing them a well heap ed measure of prosperity and hap piness . Aldermen Meet. Last Thursday night the board of aldermen held a lengthy ses sion at which a considerable amouut of business was transact ed. Among other matters which passed the board was that of a $500 tax or license upon near beer establishments. This will pro' ably cause no little constination in s mie quarters. Other questions with regard to the revenue of the city are under consideration and will be settled later. T. C. Linn, Esq , asked that $15,000 of the bond issue which was authorized by the last legislature, be issued for improvementof the city water works. The subject was refered to a committee which will confer with the water commission and report to the board later. The Concert. It is a matter of regret that there was not a larger gathering at the opera house last Friday night, as the occasion was both in teresting and enjovable, It had been announced that the Daugh ters of the Confederacy would give a concert, the direction of which was in charge of Mrs F. F. Smith and Miss Julia Crouch. The pro gramme, while sh rt, was quite elaborate and the numbers were exquisitely rendered. When all did so finely, it would be indeed difficult to single v ut any for per sonal compliment. All received encores, to which they kindly re sponded. Toothpick Treatment for Bolls. Some one discovered the follow ing in the “tall timbers'’ on the editorial page of The New York Press of June 15th, and we repro duce it for whatever it may be worth. If ycu should have a boil a faithful trial of this remedy may not bring you any more pain than the gnawing of a lion or a lambasting with a barrel stave. If yon survive a trial you will hfive something to talk about in the future, hut if otherwise, your friends will do the talking. It is as follows: Some boils can be nipped in the bud by touching up with a clean I sharp wooden toothpick and car ! bolic acid, which penetrates, cooks the germs and stops the pain. Less than a tenth of a drop is put into the boil and is often too much. Capt. Frazier, a Salis bury, N. C,, Southern ticket puncher, had about seventeen on his neck at one time twelve years ago, when Tip Baw a hayseed saw bones at the Hotel Imperial cure Cap. after everything else failed Doc soaked some sharp splinters iu carbolic acid, sticking into every boil a splinter and then cut ting in off with a pair of wire nip pers, even with the neck, leav ing th i splinter iu. Cap got up the » next day, took out a chaw of t > bacco and his train, and thought, the boils had been conjured off by wooden worms. A daily bath of the neck in good bay turn is pre veutive. The back of the neck of some men after a siege of bolls and carbuncles looks as if it had been chewed by lions and tigers. Some seeming simple boils are dangerous carbuucles and rt quire quick sharp surgery.” COMFORTING WORDS. Many a Salisbury Household Will Find Them so. To have the pains and aches of a bad back removed ; to be entirely free from annoying, dangerous urinary disorders is enough to make any kidney sufferer grateful. To tell how this great change can be brought about will prove com forting words to hundreds of Salisbury readers. Mrs. John T. Murdoch, Green St.. Statesville, N. C., says: ‘1 used Doan’s Kidney Pills and am elad to say they proved of great benefit to me after other remedies had failed tq give me relief. My back ached a great deal and my kidneys were so weak as to cause much trouble. Doan’s Kidney Pills promptly relieved me and they have al ways benefited me when I have taken them since. I heartily recomend this remedy to other kidney sufferers, lor sale by all dealers. Price5Qcents. Koster-MilbumGo., Buffalo, New York, sole agents for the United States. Remember the name—Doan’s—and take no other. - • • Alaska Yukon Pacific Exposition, Seattle, Wash June 1st to October 1st, 1909. For the above occasion thr Southern Railway announces ex tremoly low rates for the round trip Rate of $84 75 will apply from Salisbury, N C. Same round trip rate will apply from nea'ly all points in North Caro lina. Tickets on sale daily until Sept, 29th, with final limit October 31st. Passengers allowed t* go via one direct route, and return via another direct route without ad ditional c< st. It will cost $15 00 additoual to go or return through California, one way. For further information call on your depot agent, or write R L. VERNON, D P. A., Charlotte, N. C. SALISBURY MARKETS. Corrected weekly by D. M Miller. Apples, per bushel, 2.00 to 2 50 Bacon, sides per lb, 11 to 11)4. “ shoulders, per tb, 10 to 11. “ ham. per tb, 15 to 17. “• round, per lb, 10to 12)4. Butter, choice yellow, 15 to 20 Chickens, per lb, 8)4 to 9, Ducks, 20 to 30. Guineas, 25 to 30. Eggs, per doz, 18 to 20. Corn, per bushel, 90c. Flour, straight, per sac, $3 60 to $3.70 “ pat, $3.80 to 3 85. Ilay, per. hundred lbs, 60 to 80 Honey, per lb, 12)4 to 15. Lard, N. C., per lb, 12 to 13. Meal, bolted, perbu. *1.00. Oats, per bu. 65 to70 Potatoes, Irish, pe’ bu 1,25 to 1.50 Wheat per bush. 1.50 to $1,60 fmP ORCHARD; GARDEH BY F.ETRIGG REGISTER, ROCKFORD, IA: CORRESPONDENCE 5OUC1TE0 ii [Copyright, 1909, by American Press Asso ciation. This matter must not be re printed without special permission.] 08TRICH FARMING. Ostriches were first Introduced Into the United States by a Dr. Protheroe Id 1882, and today as a result of the increase of this first flock and subse quent importations the number has Increased until there are several thou sands located In some half dozen ranches distributed In Arizona, Cali fornia, Florida, Arkansas and North Carolina. Until lately the birds have been raised largely for exhibition pur poses, but with the establishment of the big farm at Phenlx, Ariz., which now has over 1,000 birds, the Industry was taken up on a commercial scale. While the birds mate for life at four years old, they do not breed satisfac torily until six or seven. A pair will produce from ten to twenty chicks a year, each being worth at Six months $100, at a year $150 and af three from $300 to $350. A prolific pair may fetch $1,000, and exceptionally fine single birds hnve been known to bring this amount. The feather output for a year varies from $35 to $90. The first plucking Is made at nine months, but Is of little value. Succeeding crops are taken every nine months. The nest of the ostrich is a crude affair, being a hole three feet across and a foot deep In the sand scooped out by the breastbone of the bird. The usual clutch of eggs Is twelve to fourteen, the weight ranging from three to four pounds each. The eggs are turned daily and hatch In about forty days. The male bird assists In Incubation, going on duty promptly at 5 In the afternoon and remaining until 9 next morning. When hatched the chicks are about as large as a common hen, growing In height at the rate of a foot a month until seven or eight feet tall, when they weigh from 300 to 400 pounds. LIVE 8TOCK LOSSES. The Crop Reporter for April con tains some Interesting statistics on the losses In farm animals from exposure and disease for the year ending March 81, 1909. The loss from disease In horses was 1.8 per cent, being one tenth of 1 per cent greater than for the year preceding and a like per cent less than for the ten year period. The loss in cattle from disease was 1.9 per cent, the same as for the year before, and the average for the ten year pe riod was 2.1 per cent. For the cor responding periods the losses from ex posure were 1.5, 1.2 and 1.8 per cent. The loss In numbers from both causes were 2,419,276 head. Four states bore one-third of this entire loss—Texas, 404,524; Iowa, 151,994; Nebraska, 181, 104, and Kansas, 106,225. The loss in sheep was 2.7 from exposure and 2.8 from disease, the total number from both causes being 3,081,148. The loss in swine was 2,761,358, entirely from disease, the chief losses being as fol lows In the big hog producing states: Iowa, 427,000; Nebraska, 293,000; Mis souri, 228,000; Illinois, 200,000; In diana and Kansas, 155,000 each, and Texas, 115,000. THE BUSH LIMA. There Is hardly a vegetable which grows in the garden that produces a finer delicacy for the table than the bush lima bean. Yet, developed as it Is from a tropical or semitropical an cestor, It requires a great deal of warm weather to bring It to maturity. For this reason it should be planted in the warmest place In the garden, prefer ably on a southern slope or just to the south of hedge, tight fence or building. The soli should be rich and mellow and In planting the seed should b#. put in the soli to the depth of an Inch one at a time, eye down, so that the seed will not have to twist or turn Itself In the nmopaa nf anrnntlmr fl nil hreakincr through the soil, a process in which the cotyledons are often broken off and the little plant destroyed because deprived of the nourishment which they furnish to It in the first days. Frequent hoelngs to keep the soil mellow and moist will hasten the de velopment of the beans and thus in effect lengthen the season of growth. TANGLEFOOT BANDS. Orchardlsts in several states, more particularly the extensive fruit grow ing districts of the west, are securing very satisfactory results with “tangle foot bands," applications made on the trunks of the trees a short distance below the limbs of the same resinous material which is used on the sticky fly paper, the familiar kind an un wary man will now and then sit down upon in a drug store window. Several coats of the composition are applied, the mixture even during wet seasons being effective traps for a period of three months. The band not only traps the worms which hatch in the tree and descend the trunk in search of nesting places, but it catches a ma jority of those which emerge from ap ples on the ground and seek food or nesting places in the tree. Sick folks ami milk utensils are the better for being exposed in the open air and sunshine, which are the great est germ eradicators known. As soon as the period is over In which eggs are to be saved for hatch ing the flock of hens will do better and their eggs keep longer if the roost ers are sold or put into a fattening pen and made into potpie. A load of wheat was recently mar keted at Junction City, Kan., which brought $91, said to be the largest amount ever paid for a single load in the state. It graded No. 2 hard and brought $1.24 per bushel. The story Is told of an Ohio rat which was caged and gnawed his way through eighteen inches of solid oak. If the rats elsewhere have as effective gnawing outfits it is not strange that they have easy access to loosely con structed comcribs and granaries. Viticulturists in California have tak en to feeding the poorer grades of raisins to their hogs, it being esti mated that a ton of raisins worth $35 have a feeding value equivalent to a ton of barley at $80. The raisins are fed In a ration containing two parts of grain to one of raisins. The frail little woman we heard of the other day who is drinking two gal lons of water daily on the recommen dation of the family physician is cer tainly deserving of success in her ef forts to gain good health. Many a husky man has fallen down in the face of a les3 obstacle than this. One of the great advantages of the hand separator is that it makes it possible to feed the calves the warm skimmllk under conditions which en able them to utilize its full feeding value. Allowed to become stale and sour, conditions which so often exist under the hand skimming system, the food value of the milk is greatly IpflepnpH Agriculture intelligently followed is a vocation which will always offer a healthful and remunerative occupa tion for those Who will enter it with a fair knowledge of its requirements and a determination to succeed. In its spe cialized lines there is such demand for experts that the agricultural schools of the country can’t turn graduates out fast enough. — The quality of eggs which are pro duced on the average farm and their value, too, since the passage of pure food laws in so many states, could be greatly improved during the summer months if all sitting bens and those that were broody were given a small house and yard by themselves, which would keep the flock of laying hens from mingling with them. Potatoes do not mix by planting dif ferent varieties in the same hill. It is from the small seed produced in tho potato balls on the vines above ground that new varieties are originated. The first season the seed is planted tiny potatoes appear on the roots in the usual manner about the size of beans. The season following these are planted and a larger potato secured whose quality and yielding ability can in a measure be determined. Patrons and stockholders of farm ers’ co-operative dairy enterprises should be very slow in biting at the bait of higher prices for butter fat which is so often thrown out by the larger centralized plants, but only long enough to accomplish their purpose, which always has in view, though not expressed or stated in any literature which they send out, the knocking out of the home concern, when prices can be manipulated to suit the concern which pays and not the patron who receives. There are all too many farmers level headed in most respects who will slop over in the matter of buying catalogue house grass seed from firms of no re liability in other states just to save a few shillings in first cost and in the end, like as not, befoul their fields with noxious weeds to eradicate which they have to pay ten times what they have saved in price of seed. This is nothing more or less than the worst kind of agricultural horseplay, and any man who will look the matter squarely in the face will have to admit it _ A plan that might well be carried out by the merchants of any town who have the comfort and welfare of their country patrons at heart is the equip ping of some room in the town con veniently located where the farmers’ wives who come to market and often bring little children with them might go to rest. The details of the plan could be worked out by any wide awake committee and the rest room provided with as many comforts and conveniences as the circumstances seemed to justify. The rest room idea is being carried out in many enterpris ing towns with a large measure of suc cess. A recent issue of a leading dairy pa per, replying to an inquiry as to wheth er it would pay the questioner to buy a seed com grader, stated that he doubted it unless corn raising was go ing to be done on a large scale. This suggestion has just about as much to commend it as would a recommen dation from a corn farmer that it wouldn’t be worth while to get a Bab cock-tester unless a fellow had more than a dozen cows. It is just as im portant that the farmer having ten acres should have a full and even stand of corn as that the loafers should be weeded out of a ten cow ^ dairy. Considering the kind of a spring we had this year, there was possibly some justification for the admonition con tained in the April 1 issue of a western agricultural paper to “beware frosty bltsl” A small area of mangel wurzels might well be grown on every farm, as they are a highly relished and a bene ficial ration for hogs, cattle, sheep and chickens in the fall and winter months, when other succulent feeds are scarce. Dispatches of a short time ago told of a farmer who lost several head of horses supposedly from eating silage that was moldy. While it was not stated Just how this came about, it would seem to suggest caution in the use of silage as a horse ration. Ohio agricultural papers mention the significant fact that carloads of silos are being shipped into the southern part of that state. There is many an other state whose farm papers ought to contain Just such an item, only it should read “northern and southern.” From the very nature of the case horses do not require as much salt nor so frequently as do cattle, but they both need and relish it, and if it Is where they may get It whenever they want it quite a bit will be done toward keeping them in good condition. However good any pasture may be, it is not what it should be unless it contains some corner in which the dairy cows may seek shade In the heat of the day. A clump of shade trees fills the bill. If these are lacking a shed open on two or three sides or all around will answer the purpose. Pumpkins do not possess a large food value, but.^like turnips and some other root crops, are a good system regula tor which tends to create a hearty ap petite for the regular rations. They are good for the milk cow, the steer in the feed lot and the porker. They are easily raised in the cornfield and are preferable to a like volume of weeds. A whole lot of dairy herds look like 30 cents when they have had a round with the Babcock tester and wind up with an examination for tu berculosis. The more herds there are made to look like 30 cents on the two above accounts the better It will be for the pocketbook of the owner and the health of the consuming pub lic, _ In some sections of Germany cows are used with horses in the plowing operations, the practice being to bal ance the work of four cows against that of one horse, giving each cow an hour’s work In the forenoon and in the afternoon. The plow used cuts a fur row nine Inches deep and eight wide, and about two and a half days are re quired to plow an acre. There hasn’t been a period In the past fifteen years when grain prices have ruled as high as they have dur ing the past two years and when It was so urgent a matter to weed out the unprofitable cows In the dairy herd. When com Is 25 cents and oth er feeds In proportion the cow which Is Just barely paying her keep Is use less, but when It Is <10 cents a bushel or better she becomes a good deal of a luxury. Ohio Is In advance of many other states In that she has lately passed stringent laws touching the sale of milk. It requires, among other things, that the cows themselves must be healthy, that they must be fed whole some food, that the conditions under which they are kept must be sanitary and that the milk must reach a given standard as to butter fat and must be free from water or other foreign or In jurious ingredients. Not every farm hand—and this In cludes a lot of pretty good ones—can successfully adjust and operate the surface cultivator, but where they do get on to the “hang” of It very excel lent results are obtained, for not only do the knives kill many weeds which the shovel cultivators do not, but the surface soil is left so fine and level that moisture Is more easily conserved, resulting in an increase In yield of all the way from eight to twelve bushels per acre. There would be considerable benefit to the horse raisers in any community if they could agree on the raising of some particular type of draft horse. Not only could they thus by co-operat ing secure higher priced and more per fect sires, but the raising of one breed would tend to give the community a reputation in this regard which would attract more buyers and in so far in sure considerably higher prices through the competition which would result There are large areas of arable land in the United States where there is no gospel which needs proclaiming more emphatically than that of an intensive type of agriculture—the thorough and Intelligent working of forty, fifty or sixty acres, in place of the shiftless, skin over and devil-may-care methods the baleful effects of which are seen so commonly on 100 to 320 acre farms. Increase in land values, coupled with a decrease in yield as a result of fol lowing slipshod methods and the scar city of reliable help, is going to com pel this partition of land areas some time, but the change might be accel erated a good deal if the wholesome ness and good horse sense of it were recognized now.