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Carolina watchman. [volume] (Salisbury, N.C.) 1871-1937, June 29, 1909, Image 3

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ORCHARD!
flHb —
GAirni
BY
F.ETRIGG
REGISTER,
ROCKgRDJA.
CORRESPONDENCE
SOLICITED
V- __
[Copyright, 1909, by American Press Asso
ciation. This matter must not be re
printed without special permission.]
FIGHTING THE PLUM CURCULIO.
The chief enemy of the plum family
Is the eureulio, one of a large family
of beetles and weevils which makes a
small, crescent shaped incision in the
green plum when It is about as large
as a pea and in this lays^ts egg. Here
the little worm hatches and works to
ward the middle until maturity. Since
the exterior wound makes the fruit de
fective, whether the worm survives or
not, and the eureulio dc -s not in the
process eat the flesh of the plum, the
ordinary poison sprays, effective in the
case of leaf eating worms and insects,
are of little use. The method usually
followed by plum raisers and one fea
sible for a few trees Is to sew together
sulflcient white sheeting to equal the
area of tbe fruit bearing portion of
the tree, leaving a silt In it from one
edge to the middle to allow for the
trunk. This should bo spread beneath
the tree, and each morning during the
period when the eureulio is at work the
truuk should be given repeated Jar
rings, which dislodge the beetles and
cause them to fall to the sheet below.
Being sluggish In tbe cool of the morn
ing, they may be gathered and doused
in kerosene or burned. Where the
number of trees to be treated is lar
ger, time may be saved by fastening
the sheet on a circular and broadly
funnel shaped frame mounted on
wheels, so fixed ns to permit of open
ing and closing on one side to admit
the trunk. With such a contrivance
a large number of trees may be gone
over in a comparatively short time.
BRACE ’EM UP.
- A good turn may be done orchard
trees which show signs of splitting
_ down the trunk by boring a hole with
a three-sixteenth Inch augur just below
the point where the trunk divides and
■at right angles to the crack and in
r serling a holt of the desired length
and the size mentioned and screwing
things up tight with a good sized
washer at both ends. The thread end
of the bolt should extend through the
tree far enough to accommodate the
washer and just catch the bur.
which will make the bolt about the
right length when the bur is screwed
tight. The ends of the bolt will heal
over in two or three years and the
tree be as good as ever and proof
against many a windstorm which it
would not otherwise weather. The
same plan, using a five-sixteenth or
half inch bolt, works nicely on large
shade trees.
THE CORN ROOT LOUSE.
The com root louse is recognized as
one of the worst enemies of the corn
plant. Of themselves they could do
but little damage, but it seems that
they are used as “dairy cows” by a
variety of ants, which place them on
or near the roots of the corn plant and
at intervals, by pressing the backs of
the lice, extract from them a honey
dew. One of the most effective meth
ods of coping with this louse problem
is to give the field in which the corn
is to be grown thorough plowing and
harrowing before the seed is sown
and frequent cultivation during the
growing season. In this way the nests
of the ants are broken up aud their
operations iu herding and placing their
“dairy cows” greatly interfered with.
In handling this, as a number of other
problems, a system of crop rotation is
a great help.
A COMMENDABLE CHARITY.
Acting on the sensible theory that
the best way to aid the poor of the
large cities is to give them an oppor
tunity to help themselves, a benev
olent organization in Chicago has pur
chased 120 acres of land near that
city which it has allotted to 150 needy
families, who are to plant and tend
the garden stuff which it will grow, a
small sum to be paid the hoard for the
use of the land. An expert gardener
has been hired to superintend the gar
den operations, look after the tools,
etc. The families who take advan
tage of this opportunity will not only
have something with which to stock
their larders next winter, but will
have had the advantage of sunshine
and fresh air while at work, which
should be a powerful factor in uplift
ing them.
GOVERNMENT WHITEWASH.
The whitewash which the govern
ment recommends for the interior of
cow barns is made according to the
following recipe: Take half a bushel
of unslaked lime, slake with boiling
water and cover during the process to
keep in steam. Strain through a fine
sieve or strainer and add to it a peck
of salt previously dissolved in warm
water. Add three pounds of ground
rice boiled to a thin paste, stirring in
while hot. Add five gallons of hot
water to the mixture, stir well and
let stand for a few days, covered as
nearly air tight as possible. When
ready to use the wmsh may be colored
by adding ocher, lampblack or bluing
to suit.
Last year there were produced in the
United States 28,822,002 barrels of salt,
weighing 280 pounds each and valued
at $7,553,632.
Eight glasses of water taken just be
fore retiring is said to be the boss
method for curing a cold. The writer
has not tried this, but has heard it
recommended as cheap and perfectly
harmless.
A characteristic which seems to dis
tinguish the tiller of the soil from
thodfe-engaged in many other pursuits
is his willingness and even eagerness
to share good things which lie discov
ers with his fellows.
The prevailing price of milk in Eng
land is 8 cents a quart, the English
quart being one and a quarter times
the size of our measure. On the basis
of the difference in the value of a
penny in the two countries the price
for an American quart in terms of our
money would be about 13 cents.
The world standing of a nation is
quite accurately measured by the eco
nomic status of its rural population—
the class which tills its fields and
raises the products which sustain its
life. It is because of this that a coun
try like France Is more powerful than
India or the United States than Rus
sia.
Analysis shows that a quart of milk
contains as much nourishment as a
pound of veal or beef chuck, nine
ounces of round steak, two pounds of
codfish or two pounds and five ounces
of solid oysters. This would seem to
show that the milk drinkers have
some pretty good arguments to justify
their practice.
Thousands of tons of powdered milk
are consumed yearly In Boston, the
growth In the business being accompa
nied by a considerable falling off in the
consumption of natural milk. What
ever may be said of the powdered milk
product, it cannot he upbraided with
having been kept too near the pump or
diluted at the creek on the way to the
creamery.
One of the recent Introductions of
new varieties of plant life by the de
partment of agriculture has been a
shipment of 140 tons of bamboo plants
from Japan, which have been sot out
at the federal plant experiment station
at Chieo. Cal. They are to be culti
vated hero and later distributed to
other sections where conditions seem
to be favorable for their growth.
Buttermaking is to be recommended
In preference to cheesemaking as a
sped id phase qf_dairt4ng- in that u hen
butter is sold only the fats and no
protein elements are removed from the
farm, the skimmilk, containing the lat
ter, being kept and fed to the farm an
imals. In the manufacture of cheese
the reverse is the case, and this Is true
whether tt be a full cream or skimmilk
product
A breeder of blooded cattle whom
we came across the other day In giv
ing a description of a bunch of young
hulls which he had for sale said that
with the pedigree of each animal will
be given a certificate of health, signed
by a veterinarian, stating that the ani
mal Is free from tuberculosis infection.
This is a sensible plan and one that
should be universally adopted by |
breeders of full blooded stock, as they
more than the scrubs seem to he sub
ject to the disease.
The most effective blow can he dealt
Canada thistles that may he on the
place If they are allowed to grow and
get well Into blossom, but mowed
down before any seeds develop. This
takes them off guard, as it were, the
plant being engaged In a supreme ef
fort to reproduce itself and the root
systems being taxed to furnish the
necessary plant food for the process.
Any shoots appearing after the patch
is mowed should be dug out root and
branch and burned.
Kansas has recently organized a
state Audubon society, her residents,
farmers and others having come to a
realization of the value In dollars and
cents of bird life to horticulture and
agriculture and an appreciation of the
need of protecting them from destruc
tion in every way possible. Kansas
is the thirty-seventh state to organize
Audubon societies, while there are
thirty-five which have adopted the
model Liird law recommended by the
federal department of agriculture.
In some sections of the western and
northwestern states where motor pow
er for harvesting Is furnished by gaso
line tractors it has been found feasible
to plow at the same time, the strip
from which the grain is cut being
turned over by the gang of six or
eight plows attached behind, the bun
dles of grain being delivered on the
plowed furrows outside the range of
operations. The advantages of this
plan are economy in operation, the kill
ing of incipient weeds and a conserv
ing of moisture, which in sections of
short rainfall is an important consid
eration.
An agricultural journal which prides
itself on the reliability of the firms
whose advertisements appear in its
columns not long ago carried an al
luring advertisement of a "paint man”
whose bonanza product by an analysis
made by the South Dakota experiment
station was found to contain about 30
per cent aqua pura. which a fellow
can get cheap by working a pump hnn
die. Either the editor of this publica
tion doesn’t consider the work of ex
periment stations practical and doesn't
scan their bulletins very close!;,
else the aqua pura chap has mend, c
his ways.
The reason why so many men never
get used to wearing their sets of false
teeth is that they put them In their
vest pocket at mealtime, under their
pillow when asleep and most any
where when at work.
The next worst thing to occupying a
lot in the cemetery is for the hoy from
eight to sixteen to get snagged with
the cigarette habit. Fact is. lie is a
more useful member of society in ti
former than in the latter capacity.
Instead of driving around a wagon
or cart with milk in large cans, the
Italian milk vender drives his flock of
goats from house to house and milks
as much as his patron may want. Milk
delivered in this way has the merit of
being fresh and undiluted.
Milk production Is had at cheapest
cost when pastures are flush in the
early summer. The recognized best
and cheapest substitute for pasture
grass is ensilage. If this is to lie taken
advantage of the coming winter the
plans for the silo should be looked up
now.
Destructive processes are always
much more rapid than constructive.
This is why a profane, careless and
brutal hired man can do more harm
with a herd of dairy cows or the farm
horses in six weeks than the owner or
a careful man can offset in twice as
many months.
The jungle fowl of Australia builds
a nest that is In a class by Itself, it
is in the shape of n mound, being often
15 feet in height and 150 in circum
ference at tile base. The nests arc
usually placed in secluded, sheltered
spots and are built of leaves, grass
and twigs woven together.
The man who has a lmnch of dairy
cows which he is not milking just for
the fun of it and won't invest a dol
lar a year In some good dairy paper is
a good deal like the small hoy who
thinks he can get an education without
going to school. In both cases there
is a lamentable failure in the adapta
tion of means to end.
The cow can overload on most any
thing that is not In itself injurious and
not have her digestive apparatus put
out of whack. Not so with the horse,
which often gets out of condition sim
ply by the continuance of a hearty
working ration into a comparatively
short period of idleness. This differ
ence suggests the wisdom of exercising
an psperhvroversight in'the case of tile
horse.
An interesting illustraton of what
may be done in tile line of plant de
velopment and breeding is found in tile
case of sugar beets, whose sugar con
tent has been increased from 8 or 10 to
as high ns 20 per cent. Where a busi
ness is made of raising the seed all of
the beets Intended for seed are given
the sugar test, and only those found
to possess a high per cent are used in
seed production.
A tendency which Is bound to affect
not only future wheat prices, but even
more vitally the agricultural welfare
of sections at present growing Itliis
staple, is noticeable in a material re
duction of acreage In the wheat grow
ing sections and the substitution of
other crops in rotation which do not
mean so heavy a pull on the fertility
of the soil. With an ever increasing
number of mouths to feed this means
of necessity higher hreadstuffs, but it
also means a better type of agriculture
where the change is effected.
A good many dairy states might well
follow the example of Kansas, which
has inaugurated a vigorous campaign
against tuberculosis. An appropria
tion by the state legislature is to lie
used for the purpose, and the plan is
to have all dairy herds in the state
examined during the next two years
As fast as herds are examined all in
fected animals will lie tagged on Un
ear with aluminium buttons, which
means that the owner must either kill
the animal or ship It to market-at once
for Immediate slaughter.
Owing to the generally recognized
truth that the average man will not
work as well for another ns ho will for
himself, he should aim as soon as pos
sible to own (lie land which be works.
On the other hand, many men owing
to lack of ability to plan and manage
never do so well when working for
themselves as when under the super
vision of another. In such cases one
does better to continue in' the employ
ment of another, making Ids service
as effective as possible, that lie may
get tlie best return possible for it.
Reliable makes of gasoline engines
are coming more and more into favor
as a substitute for windmill and tread
power on tile farm. Not only are they
not at the mercy of windstorms, but
they do not peter out in periods of
calm. An additional advantage Is that
they can be moved from place to place
and used for a variety of purposes.
The oil consumption of a five or six
horsepower machine should not exceed
50 cents per day of ton hours’ continu
ous running. For farm uses the oil or
air cooled cylinder machines are pref
erable in that there is no danger of a
freeze up of the cylinder jacket In cold
weather. A few additional dollars in
vested in the purchase of a first class
engine in the long run effects a con
siderable saving In repairs and lessens
the tax on a follow’s nerves and reli
gion.
i
i
(
I
i
FOURTH OF JULY MUSE
FREEDOM.
Here in the forest now,
As on that old July
When first our fathers took the vow,
The bluebird, stained with earth and sky,
Shouts from a blowing bough
In green aerial freedom, wild aijd high.
And now, as then, the bob* Jink.
Out on the uncertain brink \
Of the swaying : ; l.- swings, *
Loosing his song mt link by golden link.
While owr the good his proclamation
rings, -*
A daring boast that would oinkingdom
kings! ,
Even so the w ild birds sang on hough and
wall
That day the bell of Independence hall
Thundered upon the world tlie word of
man,
The word God uttered when the world be
gan—
That day when liberty began to be
And mighty hopes were out on land and
sea.
But Freedom calls her conscripts now, as
then;
It is an endless battle to be free.
As the old dangers lessen from the skies
New dangers rise.
Down the long centuries eternally,
Again, again, will rise Thermopylae;
Again, again, a new Leonidas
Must hold for Go.l the imperiled pass.
As the long ages run
New Lexington will rise on Lexington
And many a valorous Warren fall
Upon the imperiled wall.
Man is the conscript of an endless quest,
A long divine adventure without rest,
A holy war, a battle yet unwon
When lie shall climb beyond the burnt
out sun.
Eacli hai’d earned freedom withers to a
bond;
Freedom forever is beyond—beyond!
—Edwin Markham in independent.
July 4.
Spread your bunting: hang your-wreaths;
Let your banners be unfurled.
Shout until the welkin seethes
All about the deafened world. ,
Get your old time speeches out,
Cheer until you split the skies,
But be careful while you spout
Of your eyes. .
Drag the ancient < :tnnon forth.
Load it to the muzzle's brim.
Let the east, south, west and north
Echo with its blim-blam-blim!
Let the crackers hiss ajad spit.
Rocket sticks come down kerplunk.
But be careful how you sit
On the punk.
Let the Roman candles flare
All the darkened heavens through.
Let the mortars fill the air •
Full of stars red, while and bine.
Let the fluent red lights flow,
Dimming both the moon and sun.
But be careful how you blow
Down your gun.
Roar, rejoice and speechify.
Go through all the bag of tricks
With which now we glorify
Heroes of old seventy-six,
But, no matter what your glee
Mid the roar of bursting bombs,
Careful, oh, most careful be
Of your thumbs!
Liberty a blessing is
Worthy to be glorified.
Worthy of the fiery whiz
Of a nation full of pride,
But it seems a bauble vain,
Empty, useless thing of chance,
When there follows in its train
An ambulance!
—John Kendrick Bangs.
The Song of the Firecracker.
With a fizz! and a boom! and a bang!
With a bang! and a boom! and a fizz!
Oli, this is the song tiio firecracker sang
With the boom! and the bang! and theJizz:
"From tlie farthest of faraway lands,
From the land of the rice and bamboo,
By the cunning Chinee with his dextrous
hands
Wo are molded and fashioned for you.
"Would it seem like the Fourth of July
Without our explosion and noise?
Oh, the men on parade march quietly by,
But the crackers belong to the boys!
"There’s no need for the sun to arouse
All the world on this Fourth of July,
For we’re up and we're off, though the
grown folk may drowse.
We wake the whole land when we try.’
With a fizz! and a boom! and a bang!
To the very last sizzle and sigh.
Oh, these are the words that the fire
cracker .'••an
"Hurrah for the Fourth of July!"
—St. Nicholas
BECAUSE IT’S THE FOURTH.
Gee whiz I
What a great big man Uncle Sam is!
And what
A lot
He has done
Since he was begun!
And why?
Because it was on the Fourth of July
That he began
His plan
Of stepping out
Without a doubt
That if he waded right in
He’d win!
And, by zucks, so far,
Hasn’t he got thar?
And that ain’t all.
He ain’t small
At all,
And all
Of the western terrestrial ball
That ain't otherwise engaged he
Will look after. See?
And some that Is-—
As, for instance, that Spanish biz.
And why?
Because it’s the Fourth of July,
The greatest day
On earth! And, say.
When Freedom leads the way
She waves
The Fourth of July at slaves,
And they shake off the shackles then
And become men!
And why?
Because It’s the Fourth of Julyl
Gee whiz,
What a great day it is!
Sizz!
Fizz!
Whiz!
W’hat a glory day it is!
Let the cannon roar
From ship and shore.
Let the eagle scream
By lake and stream.
Let us march with a tread
That will wake the dead.
Let the bands play
All day
And sweep the sky
■With tho flags on hand!
And why?
Because it’s tho Fourth of July!
Gee whiz,
What a tremendous, stupendous,
Perpetual, perennial, pyrotechnical,
indestructible,
Indescribable, inimitable, incandes
cent, ebullient
And enthusiastic day it is!
And why?
Because it’s the Fourth of July!
—W. J. Lampton.
Bang Day Is Here.
Willie has just lost a thumb and one ear.
Bang! Bang!
Cheer for the blessing of liberty, cheer!
Bang! Bang!
Bring the rusty gun out; let the loud can
non roar.
Make the day that we celebrate bloody
once more.
Let us all be more foolish than ever before.
Bang! Bang!
Mabel henceforth will be shy of an eye.
Bang! Bang!
Shout freedom forever, her standard set
high.
Bang! Bang!
Let all the world know that we kneel to
no foe.
Let the heavens be *rent by the sounds
from below.
Baby’s fingers are gone—never mind; let
them go.
Bang! Bang!
The dead and the wounded are strewn
through the land.
Bang! Bang!
Hurrah! There goes Johnny’s poor litUe
left hand! *
Bang! Bang!
Fling out the gay banners to wave in the
air.
Shoot off the loud cracker ’neath grand
mother’s chair.
Th& kitchen’s on fire, but let us not care.
Bang! Bang!
—Chicago Record-Herald.
Little Willie on the Fourth.
He was all here in the morning
When forth from his*home he set out,
Safeguarded by many a warning
Which he is forgetting, no doubt.
His state of completeness was pleasant
When for fireworks he started to roam.
This is the question at present:
How much of him’s coming back home?
Will there bo fingers found missing?
Will he have all of his toes?
His mouth, is it still straight for kissing?
Has he altered the shape of his nose?
'Tis a moment for waiting and guessing.
Are we victors or are we bereft?
This is the question that’s pressing:
How much of dear Willie is left?
An inclination to be constip
ated is a common symptom of
the American people. This is
due to indigestion, and indiges
tion comes from indiscretion of
diet. Let foods be daily eaten
like
m PRICES
WHEAT FLAKE CELERY
FOOD
and there would be no constip_
ation.
For Sale by all Grooers SO
Land Posters for sale at The Watch
man office, 10 cents per dozen.
Do You Want to Help
Make Good Times ?
Then put your money in our
bank. We will put it into
Circulation and pay you
4 PER CENT INTEREST
This will make prosperity and
everybody will be benefited.
ill min Co.
The
State’s Strongest Banking Institution.
Richest and choicest creations are most
elegantly and perfectly reproduced on
the Standard Rotary.
The World’s Best Sewing
ITluclii ne
The ouly machine which makes abso
lutely perfect lock and chain stitching
on the same machine.
Ladies
When you are in need of a sewing ma
chine, you no doubt intend to give the
matter intelligent consideration and
should buy one which will last a life
time, the Standard Rotary.
You Owe It to Yourself
to learn how the Standard Rotary will
do more and better work, in less time,
and with more real comfort and pleas
ure than any other machine made.
Send for circular.
The Standard Sewing Machine Co„
For sale by Atlanta, Ga.
T. E. WITHERSPOON & CO.,
Sails l> ury, N. C.
PERCHERON STALLION AND JACK.
I have a tine Percheron Stallion and a
splendid thoroughbred jack at my sta
bles, 2 miles west of Faith on the road
to China Grove,where they can be found
all the week except on Saturdays. Sat
urdays 1 will be in Salisbury in the lot
at Grubb’s stable. MOSES EA.GLE,
♦-13 tf
THfc NORTH CAROLINA
College of Agriculture and
Mechanic Arts.
The State’s college for vocation
al training. Courses in Agricul
ture ami Horticulture; in Civil,
Electrical and Mechanical Engi
neering; in Cotton Milling and
Dyeing; in Industrial Chemistry.
Why not fit yourself for life by
taking one of these courses?
Address
D. II, HILL, President,
6-8 15b pd West Raleigh, N. C,
McCALL PATTERNS
Celebrated for style, perfect fit, simplicity and
reliability nearly 40 years. Sold in nearly
every city and town in the United States and
Canada, or by mail direct. More sold than
any other make. Send for free catalogue.
McCALL’S MAGAZINE
More subscribers than any other fashior
magazine—million a month. Invaluable. Lat
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Subscribe today, or send for sample copy,
WONDERFUL INDUCEMENTS
to Agents. Postal brings premium catalogue
and new cash prize offers. Address
THE McCALL CO., 238 to 248 W. 37th St., NKW YOU

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