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THE NEW CITY‘DIRECTORY.
A Complete and Valuable Work Splendidly Arranged and Neatly Printed. We are in receipt of a copy of the new city directory of Salisbury and Spencer and their Buburbs just issued by the Piedmont Directory Com' pany, of Asheville, N. C. The book is well gotten up, is very complete in every particular and well worth the price asked for it, $4.00. ' Having gone over the field carefully, from .house to house, the compii- :■ of the directory, Ernest EE Millei, of Asheville, N. C., states that the population of Salio' bury is approximately 16,000, and Spencer, East Spencer and suberbs 5,000. Besides a great amount of local information it gives the the following points relative to the State: “The first at einpt at eolin' ization was made in 1548 by the illustrious Sir Walter Raleigh. “JNorth Carolina was fore most to resist British tyran ny, First pitched battle fought at Alamance May 12, 1771. Declaration of Inde pendence signed at Mecklen burg, 1776 North Carolina lost 35,124 soldiers during the Civil War, having furnished more and lost a greater num ber of soldiers than any other Southern State. (Number from North Carolina, 125, 000). “The population is of a sin gularly homogeneous charac ter, being Virginians, mainly Em g 1 i s h; Pennsylvanians, mainly Scotch-Irish and Ger man; Scotch-Irish, Scotch Highlanders and Edw laudei Swiss and French Huguenots. Population 2,000,000. “North Carolina’s position is nearly between the paral lels 34 degrees and 36i de grees north latitude, and be tween the meridians 75i de grees and 84i degrees west longitude. Extreme length 503J miles, extreme breadth 100 miles; area 62,286 square miles, of which 48,666 is land and 3.620 water. “Mt. Mitchell, 6,711 feet high, is the highest peak of the Blue Ridge Range, being also the highest east of the Rocky Mountains. Forty three peaks exceed 6,000 feet in height; eighty-two peaks exceed 5,000 feet in height. The mountain region em braces 6,000 square miles. The mountains are covered with deep rich soil and clothed with massive forest to their tops. The walnuts, poplars and oaks attain a size that would hardly be credited by one who had not seen them. All kinds of fruit attain a high state of perfection and all fruits and vegetables and grains are remarkably pro> ductive. “Average mean tempera ture, 56.6 from 1882 to 1897. Average snowfall for the same period, 11 inches annu ally. Precipitation, 50.6. Wettest year on record, 1877; dryest year on record, 1897. “North Carolina is rapidly developing in all kinds of trucking and fruit growing. At the recent National Apple Show at Spokane Washing ton; North Carolina took first prize for the finest apples ex hibited. uu-igpou lauucij uAuaoi plant, United States Leather Co., Old Fort, N. C. “Largest wood fibre plant, Champion Fibre Co., Canton, N. C. “Largest flat plug tobacco factory, R. J. Raynolds To bacco Co., Winston, N. C. “Largest smoking factory, ‘Bull Durham,’ Durham, N.C. “Largest cigarette factory, Duke Cigarette Co., (Ameri can Tobacco Co.), Durham, N. C. “Largest seine fishery, Dr. Copehart, Avoca, N. C. “Largest denim mills, White Oak Mills, Greensboro, JSL C.” PAYING DEBTS. Another Interesting Article Which Gives ai Insight Into Conditions Just After the War The following article is am other which we take from Tin Union Banner of July, 1865 It not only gives us an insigh into financial condition! existing just at the dost of the war, but it points out the injustice and un righteousness of failure to pay an honest debt when it is pos sible to do so. There are i whole lot of people to-day who need just such a remind er of their duty to a creditor Some folks would swell up, fume and fuss like a poisoned pup if accused f being dis honest, yet they cannot right ly claim to be honest if they have willfully failed to pay their honest debts, no mattei how small nor how old, and, another point that should be remembered, is: car, sins of omission areas bau atf those of commission. iiDour a year arter rue commencement of the war and when Confederate mouey had become rather abundant;, many of the people who hsri notes and other debts om* standing against th an, con ceived the happy idea that then was a good time to pay them off. Money was so plem ty and so easily obtained— cheap in other words—that some of them fairly rubbed their hands together witli joy to think how easily they eouid discharge their old debts; and speedily avail themselves of the then most propitious op' portanity to relieve them' selves from what, under or' dinary circumstances of the monetary affairs of the corin' try, would not have been near so easy or so cheap. The hold' 31 of these notes were obliged to accept tin proffered 0<m« fed. or incur the reproach of liscrediting the Government, which was interpreted as an injury inflicted upon the cause :jf the South. i\ow mat uns is an past and gone, there are few, we presume, who will for a mo ment dissent to the proposi tion that it was more sharp than honest in debtors to take advantage of that time to pay their debts; because the debts they were thus discharging were made in reference to a widely different state of mon etary affairs, and the payment of them in a cheap currency was simply defrauding the creditor by the amount of the difference between the cur rency employed and that in reference to which the debt was originally made ‘‘But it was not in relation to this point alone we wisli to speak at present. It is in ref erence to the payments of debts now: the same spirit ol wrong-doing we know to have been recently manifested, as, where a man owes a debt and has the money and could pay his creditors, but will not dc jsu uecciupc uc wttuiD it; gu in to business again and put in all the capital lie can muster to set him up. It is a very obtuse intellect, not to men tion moral darknes of sense, that unfits a man t perceive that his first dut is to his creditor. That creditor may be in a much worse condition than himself: he may be ac tually suffering for the want of the money due him, and yet his debtor blandly tells him, my friend 1 will certain ty pay you; will pay you as soon as l can; but I am very anxious to put myself in a po sition to make money now, and therefore cannot settle your claim at-this time. “Surely, surely, this is a little worse than unadultered selfishness. It is dishonest. A man had just as well thrust his hand in his neighbor’^ pocket and haul out his purse, and holding it up before his astonished eyes inform birr that it is the very thing In needs, that he wanted to gc into business to make money and the contents of that purst would just answer the pur pose. “There is no difference, ir a moral sense, between with' FOUR THOUSAND PEOPLE HOMELESS. i Numerous Plants Have Been Forced to Close , and City Authorities are Feeding estitut e i Cleveland, O,, March 2.— s At least 4,000 people are homeless in Ohio as a result : of the flood which continues 1 to devastate the state. Nu" i merous plants have been ! forced to close down and ' hundreds of men and women are out of work. The mate> rial damage is estimated at over $1,000,000. lhe Liekmg and Muskm gum rivers have passed their record of 1898 at Zanesville and are still rising. If there is no abatement of the waters before morning it is stated that the waterworks and pow er plants will be forced to close and this will mean the shutting down of all the large commercial plants in that town. Over nine hundred people are now being fed by the city authorities. Only a few of the big steel works at youngstown are still running and these are expect ed to suspend tomorrow. The tracks of the Pennsylvania | Railroad are several fe t un ! cler water and have been abandoned. The huge gorge which has blocked Main street in War ren has resisted several at tempts to dynamite it and it is feared that if it breaks now the town will suffer heavily. A $50,000 bridge over the An giaise river at Defiance has. been swept away and the crops in the Mad river and Little Minna river bottoms have been completely de stroyed. A fresh horror confronts the people of Maumee, where a torrent laden with ice and debris has swept over the (Wi.tf'iHiT and it is practically certain that when the waters ! subside many corps will have i been uncovered. Men Shot in Scotland Neck are Doing Fair ly Well. Charlotte, N. C.. March 5. —State Senator Travis and Representative A. P. Kitchin, who were shot on the main street of Scotland Neck yes> terday by E. H. Powell, a merchant, may recover unless unforseen complications set in. Deputy Sheriff Dunn, who was also shot by Powell, ' is in a serious condition, but may pull through. The shooting appears to have been unprovoked. Af ter Powell had asked Senator Travis why he had not an swered a letter sent to him he pulled a revolver and began shooting. The letter was in reference to a fee which Travis and Kitchin had presented to Pow el for defending him in court on a charge of assault and battery. Dr. Cook, Now York. March 1.—Resolu tion to make a street in Harlem ‘ T. Roosevelt” aid to repudiate the aldermauic favors bestowed some t:me back on Dr. Frederick A. Cook were up for c nsideration before the board of aldermen to day, but no retion was taken in either case. The Roosevelt pro posal was referred to the com mittee on streets and highways and the Cook matter waB tabled Preparations are being made for a big school celebration and exhibition at the Holshouser and Lyerly school house, seven miles from town on the Gold Hill road, on Saturday March 5th. Every body is invited. Morgan Town ship string hand will furnish mu sic for the occasion, and a good time is promised to all who at tend, holding what is due, when it is possible to pay and forcibly taking what belongs to an* other. The idea of wanting i to go into business’ is like • adding insult to injury, is too utterly worthless as a reason . I to justify the refusal to do d right.” The foyer anVHarbors sjiii H bs increas ed. The Post Otfice Popular. Washington, D. (!,, .4arch 7th, —(Special).—Not r.i.f4jeueration has the Senate if the United States witnessed a Vioeae such as occured on the o?oa aou of the remarkable addrfctT c.T'' Senator James Gordon of pUsaissippi, in m t iking leavo of his colleagues. There have been fa?; well address es with out numbsti There have been “swan songs’ ;r:iat iliistered and speeches that phi. iiie a Da mascus blade, m,t id .the eldest Senator and the ek ’#5 i.cwspaper man there never ha H>. n so dra matic a leave-takiuj,, The speech, homely in style, ..lujple in con struction, breathed udh a warmth of friendship au . affeiction that the “grave and rev r. id" Senator-', cynics many of t, ■ could not find words laud toiy • oaough to toll Senator Gold *-j Vvjiit they thought about hic^a^j . He preached thfg|pB.fd of lov for one another ant|f^B!fe warm d to his snbject he r.-oked for all the world like some p .triarch, of au olden day, his tso , spare form, clothed in black ar.d his snow white hair making a picture rare ly seen in the halls legislation. Senator Depew who is no "slouch" of a talkei himself took, occasion to say that the epeech of the “Gentleman i-T-m Missis sippi" will live in records of the Senate "aB proin’y the most remarkable address either of a new Senator coming in or of an old one going out. It« patriotism and good fellowshii., broad-mind edness, charity and humor will remain among the est rec-Mlen tions of those who heard it." It is expected th -t the Com merce Committee the Senate «••!! take three w-..\ C p n»«n»*h} m to for tho oonsid nation of the Rivers and Harbors hill which recently passed the House. There are several projects which the Riv-rs and Harbors Committee of the House failed tc consider on account of lack of information but.' which has been supplied by the Engineer Corps of the army to the Senate Committee Should these projects receive end rse ment at the hands of the com mittee the hill will probably be considerab'y increased over that carried in the House bill which amounted to $41,000,(>00. There are those who believe that the Senate will add from three to five millions to the bill. Th9 Senate Committee on Com merce has endorsed the policy as set forth by the House of making the Rivres and Harbors bill an annual appropriation measure just as other Eiippiy billis. This policy has been urged iu season and out by the National Rivers and Harbors Congress and the growth of waterway sentiment is very large due to its peroistaucy iu bringing Leforo the people the pressing needs for improving the Nation’s great arteries of trade and commerce. Of the many museum and spe cial exhibits at the nation's capital none have gained more in popularity than the museum of the Post Office Depart met, Only a few years ago this museum con sisted of a few curios and odds and ends, assembled in a small room on the first floor of the De partment building on Pennsylva nia Avenue. Month after month the collection has been enlarged until to-day it is one of the most interesting of all the numerous places for sight-seers in Washing ton. This museum has grown to such an extent that the entire corridor of the third floor cf the mammoth building is now neces sary to display the many articles typical to the postal service and whioh are to be found in no other museum in the country. -The number of visitors to this museum has inoreased by the thousands. A conservative estimate, after a several days tally, places the number of visitors annually at from 75,000 to 100,OQO. Since the revival of the interest of postage stamp collecting many : . - , ; :• fliBTiNS IN PHILADELPHIA, Sunday Br&keo by Disorders at Night .n Whiotefiiree persons are Shot, Philadelphia, March 6.—The calm of the quietest day Phila delphia has known since, the car men’s strike began more than two weeks ago was broken to-night by a series of disturbances in which three persons were shot, one, a girl, fatally, many unruly parsons were severely clubbed by the po lice and more than a score of ar rests were made. The turbulence of the night came as an unwelcome shock to the hopes of the authorities that a Sunday was to pass by without serious disorders. This hope had been fostered by the day’s pacific aspect, which in itself had been surprising, in view of the fact that increased trouble was anticipated with the starting yesterday of tne general sympathetic strike called by the union leaders in support of the striking employes of the Philadelphia Rapid Transit Com pany. uuui uie aiHoruore, waiou c»ure with the fall of darkness, the de velopments oft he day had neither been many or important. Con dieting claims still continued as to the number of men who have rasp mded to the general str^e call and there seems to be no way to obtain accurate figures. The committee of ten in charge of the organized strike movement claims to-night that 125,000 per sons in the various brooches cf Philadelphia’s widly diversified industry have left their employ ment to demonstrate their sympa thy with the traction men’s cause and help them with their fight. Figures gathered by the police de partment, hownw:, are cited by Director oi Puimo Safety (Jiay to support his previous claim that not more than‘20,000 m;n struck. The labor .eaders claims that 150.000 men will be out by to mornw night. TI19 police de clare that things are working the other way and assert that to morrow will find even fewer men not working than on Saturday. Wilmington, Del , March 6.-— That the United States govern ment does not intend to take auy chances of having its property in Philadelphia interfered with by unruly mobs was made evident to-day when orders were received at Fort Dupont to have the Forty fifth Company, Coast Artillery, ready to leave for Philadelphia at a moment’s notice. This com pany of regulars, it is said, will be used to protect the Philadel phia mint and other government ouildings. Saved A Soldier's Life. Facing death from shot and sheil in the civil war was m ro agreea ble to J A. Stone, of Kemp, Tex,, than facing it from what doctors said was consumption, “I con tn cted u stubborn colli” he writes, ‘ that developed a cough, that stuck to ma m spite of ali reme dies for years. My weight ran down to 180 pounds. Then I be gun to use Dr. King’s Now Discov ery, whLh completely cured me. [ now weigh 178 pounds.” For Coughs, Colds, La Grippe, Asth ma, Hemorrhage, Hoarseuess, Croup, Whooping Cough and lung trouble, its supreme. 50c, $1 00 Trial bottle free. Guaranteed by Ail Druggists. peoplo have been known to make special trips to Washington just to get a glimpse of the great col lection which is on exhibit in this museum. The display here con sists of a complete collection of postage stamp0, postal cards and stamped envelopes issued by the United States Government and all stamp issueing countries cf the world. The actual value of this stamp collection is probably more than $200,000, but if they were ever put on sale in the open mar ket the price they would command would be many times that amount, as the premium on the majority of them has increased to an enor mous figure since they were’ issu ed. WHY THE SCHOOLS ARE EMBARRASSED. Mayor Smoot Gives Some Facts and Fig ures Which Indicate Utter Reckiessnes of Former Administration. For the information of the pub lic Mayor Smoot haB in a very mild and impassioned way laid bare some of the ra-isons for the present embarrassment of the public schools of Salisbury. His r asons are as follows: Since the aotion of our School Committee declaring that the public schools should close at the end of the present school month, and since much discussion has arisen as to the, wisdom of such action, perhaps it may ae well as a member of said committee, to present same of the reasons why such a resolution was adopted, and also some of the facts^wTth which the public may not be thor oughly familiar. Last year $0,000 was borrowed to finish the school term. Prior to last year $8,000 had been bor rowed for similar reasons. This money was borrowed from the State on condition that one-tenth of principal and total yearly in terest, should be paid each year until both principal and; interest be paid in full. In addition to this a number of notes and open accounts were due and outstand ing at tbe beginning of the pres ent school term These accounts ran back as far as Prof. Coou’s administration—1902 and 1908— and extend down to coal bills and other supplies for full term 1908 and Spring term 1909. Of these outstanding notes and accounts we have paid between $2,000 and $3,000 and were compelled to re new notes to the amount of about $1,500 and open accounts still outstanding of $£00 to $300 more. This has necessitated the borrow ».f $8,000 this year, nearly all I V fc-*;*..,: . . r , . j > wuiuii nac, iieen applied m pay iog off old notes. The beginning of the next school year will^find us due to the State $1,200 first loan, $5,000 sec ond loan,3.000 to local banks and other notee and accounts about $1,800, total $11,000, of which $1,048 to State will be deducted from our next year’s fund and $1,800 that must be met in some manner, and trusting that we cau secure extension of time on $5,000 and $3,000 respectively. Were it possible to borrow $4, 500 to ext9nd our schools another three months, we would begin the coming year owing $15,500 and no immediate piospect of paying t.he same. How long shall we continue to borrow before we make ai range meats for repaying these amounts. Again our city, of which we all feel jusly proud, is the only city in the State so far as I know, that does not now, nor has it ever to tny knowledge, paid one penny of tax direct for the support of our public schools. The only means by which we can ever place our pub public schools on a safe and satia facuory basis, is by levying a spe cial tax and holding the same as a sacred fund to be used only for the education of our boys and girls. Our city charter does not provde for such a fund. A tax of 75 cants for general purposes and 20 cents for schools would be suf ficient to meet our requirements, but nothing short of this will meet the demands. 7 - ----J ly so, that $10,000 for schools is a small indebtedness for a city like ours, and so it would be were there not a floating indebtedness of over $35,000 and a bonded debt of $385,000 to demand some attention at stated intervals dur ing the year. But no need to dwell further on details of finan cial conditions of the ci;y. YVe believe we are in much better con dition than some others, and to i continue so, we deem it better tc ' stop the school for once in its his tory rather than go further in debt. The tax of 75 cents and 2C ! cents before mentioned will pro j vide well for the future and this 1 total will be leas than ever before ; levied for general fund and othei ; purposes. i Of course in addition to this j PROCEEDINGS OF THE COUNTY COURT. : Jennie Kerr Attempts Jo-Mutilate, Deface and Destroy Her Son-in-law Engenv Miller who was up m the county Court on Thursday, charged with assault with deadly weapon, was found guilty and had judgm*--'* -’jspended upon pay ment ot naif the cost, Arthur Hobson, for failing to list taxes, was given 60 days on the roads. Ernest Dean, a little 10-yetr» old negro boy, was found guilty of larceny and had judgment sus - pended upon paymentjof half the cost. Ou bnday Jennie Kerr, wife of Sana Kerr, a colored man who lives near Spencer, was charged with assault with a deadly weap on . Sam’s son by a former wife insisted upon calling on Lis fath er, who is very siok and not ex pected to live, to make some ar rangements about the disposition of his property, which not being satisfactory to Jennie, she jcon cluding that his visits were not for her good, forbid him entering the house. Upon her return from a neighbor’s house, she found him in the house in conversation with Sam and ordered him to leave. Upon his failing to go, she went out to the wood-pile, got an axe and coming back into the room struck him with it. The axe was taken from her and she then came at him with a batcher knife, which was also taken from her. When she got the axe again, and, after that was again taken from her, she then got the knife. She was found guilty and finedi $10 00 and cost, but gave notice of peal. Lloyd Williams was fined $20.CO and the cost for oarrying conceal ed weapons. Lloyd is a very black one-armed negro and was ar rested at Spencer. What he lack ed in a arm \>as made up in arma ment. When arrested he had t, large pistol on him and a good, big handful of cartridges, besides a dozen or more keys of different kinds and sizes, cue of them a special key which unlocks any of the cabooses on the Southern Hoad jde whs, evidently a bad character ai d was fortunate to get off so lightly. The average Monday morning crowd was present when court opened on Monday morning. Andrew Johnson, charged with being drunk and disorderly, wsn prononnoed guilty and was let off for $5.00 and the cost. Cliff Har rison was not there to face tho same chcrge, and $15.00, which he had put up for his appearance, was ordered forfeited to tho school fund. 0. K. Kelly was found $5.00 and the cost for beating a ride on a train, and, not being able to pay, was locked up. John Walker, colored, for us ing profane language at the pas senger station, was Sued $5.00 and the cost. J • t/arter, a negro who John Walker claimed he had bought whisky from on February 18bh and who had reported it after ho was arrested for cussing him for not getting him more whisky, was given the benefit ot the,doubt, af ter proving a good character, for everything but card playing, and was dismissed Georgia Harkey, a young negro woman, for appearing in a public place clad in nothing but,a gauze vest, was charged with indecent exposure, found guilty, and was sent to the roads for 60 days. An other case, wherein she plead guilty to a charge of assault, judgment was suspended, Arthur Freeman, col., was let off with the cost for using profane language and Dick Davis, col., paid the cost for a simple assault on Arthur Freeman and was let go. our citizens have voted bonds and a sinking fund muBt be provided for them, but if your tax has been increased, it haB not been and will not be but tor schools streets and other improvements. Much more might be said, Consider these facts and let the public speak out. If it is wisdom to continue the schools regardl^is of consequences, say so and v e will try to carry out the wishes of the majority of our good peop'e. If yon deen it wisdom to put our schools on a solid basis for years to come let us say so at once by our ballots at the earliest date pos sible. The more I’m compelled to make or indorse noteB, the 'less I like it, and I wish to avoid it even now for schools. But if as some deem best, the schools shall be continued by contributions from friends of education, the writer is ready and willing to con tribute his full proportion,.”