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A Home Newspaper Published in the Interest of the People and for Honesty in Governmental Affairs, LOWERS qq
Vol. VII NO. 33. Salisbury N. O., WEDNESDAY, August 2nd, 1911. Wm. H. Stewart, Editoii WINTER COVER DROP. Preparation. Fertilizers, Kinks. Ties and Other Valuable Siggeslloes. A winter cover crop ie one of the moBt important factors in southern farming, especially hill farming. A system of poor farm ing has so greatly exhausted the humus in the majority of the fields as to make it well nigh im possible to prevent their further depletion by the heavy rains of winter and early spring, which carry off much of the valuable elements left, onto the bottom, and into the streams. Nature, always resourceful, has furnished certain plants whioh may be used to restore the depleted soils .These winter cover crops will hold our loose soils in piaoe, and when suf ficient growth is obtained, can be turned und^r to add humus to the soil. The sand hills and other loose soils can largely be prevent ed from leaching if heavy cover crops are tamed for a few years. This statement may be verified by taking new land where the plant roots and vegetable mold are still in it. or the same may be found in sod land where run to pasture for a senes of years aud brought baok into cultivation. No wash iag occurs here even after the heaviest rains. A good cover crop will not only prevent wash* ing and add humus to the soil, but if clovers or vetches arejused there will be nitrogen collected from the air ante^ra^n^he soil during winiaM^^^^^^Eibeens do in s suitabl vetou, err-1. Conditio .er mine which to use,' _ Ryx,—Rye is one of the old standard winter cover crops and has been used very extensively in some sections. It has the advant age in that it is generally known, is easily planted, will grow almost at any season, will grow on the poorest soils, seed are usually oheap, and it does not require ex tra care in the way of inooulation as is the case with the legumes. It oan be sown in the middle of the corn or ootton at last cultiva tion or if not convenient to sow at this time it oan be done a little later in the fall. When sown ear ly it gives a better oover for the soil and also some good grazing for the stock, Where practicable, however, as would be on the corn land, it is better to turn under stalks and other growth and plant rye on good seed beds. It is also a good plan where the soil will grow it, to mix vetoh with the rye, about 1 bushel of rye to i bushel of vetoh, using a bushel of the mixture per aore. It is better to drill seed, especially where plant ed in middles of oorn or ootton. It is olaimed that the variety known as Abruzzes, which was imported by the Agricultural De partment, is best suited to South Carolina and adjaoent states. There are other good native varie ties which oan be had at a fair prioe. Oats.—Oats may be used in stead of rye in many instanoes, and the same general rule for pre paration, planting, and after treatment, may be followed as for rye, 1$ to 2$ bushels of seed should be used per aore when planted alone; 1$ bushels and bushel of vetch when combined. Rust-proof oat seed gives the best results in nearly every part of the South. Unless the lands are fairly good, it will be neoessary to fertilize the rye and oat orop to get sufficient growth for the most valuable cover crop. Stable manure applied broadcast at time of planting is good for this, or the following per aore: Acid phos phate 150 pounds; cotton seed meal 150 pounds; and muriate of potash 80 pounds, thoroughly mixed and applied at time of planting. CLOVERS AND VETCH.—Until lands beoome more fertile and adapted to these crops, the best satisfaction with them oau be ob tained only by making a good preparation and by giving some special oare in seeding and inocu lating the soil. preparation,—Tnxn a few inches deeper than it has been previously plowed. If there is no rain, after this, before time of planting, a roller should be run to firm the seed bed. These crops can be sown in both corn and cot ton middles where dean by scat tering seed broadcast and running sweep or cultivator lightly to oover. Entire suooess, however, need not be looked for by this method of seeding, though some splendid results were reported from it last season. The corn lands oan be put up in fine condi tion by using a cut-away of disc harrow to out stalks and turn top soil. Sow seed and cover with tooth harrow Fertilizers.—The olovers and vetch will need fertilizers to get satisfactory early growth. For this purpose stable manure stands first as it not only adds fertility but carries the bacterial inocula tion so essential on soils first planted to these crops. An ap plication at time of sowing of 800 pounds 16 per cent, acid, 25 pounds muriate potash, and 75 pounds cotton seed meal or dried DiooQ per acre win ue guuu. rue addition of the small amount of nitrogenous fertilizer will aid in giving the young plants a vigor ous start. When there happens to be any acidity of the soil, air slacked lime at the rate of 1,000 pounds, per acre, should be ap plied at time of preparation Time fcb sowing.—The best time for sowing crimson clover or bur olover is just as early in the fall as danger of summer killing of young plants is past—not later than September first. Vetch can be sown muoh later, though the earlier planting does better. Amount of seed.—About 20 pounds of orimson olover seed per aore should be used; 80 pounds but olover in bur, or 15 pounds cleaned seed; 15 pounds vetoh seed when sown with 1 bushels oats which plan is always best if the soil is good enough to allow it, 80 pounds if sown alone. Bur olover will be found to grow bet ter as a rule from the seel plant ed without hulling. The inocu lating germ appears to be oarried with the bur. All clover seed should he covered lightly; use roller if the soil is dry at planting time. 1HOCDL4TIOW.—1U gtJb R DUMB* factory crop of crimaon clover, bur clover, or vetch the firet year, the aoil must be inoculated. Stable manure apparently does thie in Borne oooalities but the safest plan is to prooure soil from a few inches below the aurfaoe, where the bacteria are more num erous, from a field which baa al ready grown the crop, scattering broadcast over the newly planted ares, Two or three bushels per aore will] answer, while more would be better. The United States Department of Agrioulture will.furnish inoc ulating material free for any of these orops, to any who make application, full instructions as to use being sent. It is recom mended that those desiring this material shall send direct to the Department fcr it, rather than pay fanoy prices to some of the firms making extravagant olaims for the same material. Applica tion must be made on regular forms, which you oan obtain eith er from Dr Knapp at Washing ton, or from my office. 0. R Hudson, State agent. Washington, D. C., July 14, 1910. Approved: S. A. Knapp, Speoial Agent in Charge. Attack Like Tigers. In fighting to keep the blood pare the white oorpaeolee attack disease germs like tigers. But often germs multiply so fast the little fighters are overcome. Then see pimples, boils, eczema, salt*rhenm and sores multiply and strength and appetite fail. This condition demands Eleotric Bitters to regulate stomaoh, liver and kidneys and to expel poisons from the blood. “They are tbe best blood purifier,” writes 0. T. Budahn, of Tracy, Calif., ‘ I have ever found ” They make rich, red blood, strong nerves and build up yourOhealth, Try them. 60c at all druggists. WILL PUT IT UP TO TAFT. Wool Tariff Revision lo Go to President First for Approval or Veto. Washington, July 80.—General tariff legislation at this session of Congress, so as to leave the re sponsibility for any delay in tar ifi revision squarely upon the president, is the slogan of the demoo ratio progressive ooalition in the senate and the democrats in the house. The president to day is accredited with being as determined as determined as ever to veto any tariff bill passed by congress prsor to the submission of the report of the tariff board to oongress at the regular session in December. Meantime, the democrats, con tinuing to press their revision measures, are wondering what the president will do when the wool bill, emerging from conference with lower duties than the La Follette final compromise, goes to the White House for approval or veto. it u tne moat remarkable sit nation with reepeot to tariff leg islation that has arisen in a long period. Despite the apparent au thoritative declarations that the president will refuse to plaoe his approval on the tariff bills, some of the democrats, even Speaker Clark, still express the opinion that the president may yet ap prove revision legislation, The democratic leaders, encouraged by the effective results o'f the combination of their party with the insurgent republicans in the senate, are becoming more confi dent that the tariff schedules passed by the house will go through the senate in some form. -- A Family Reunion. Last Sunday, July 23rd, will go down in history to the children and grandchildren of Mrs. Ohar lotte E. Bostian, who lives two miles northwest of China Grove. Mrs. Bostian has just reoently moved into a new home which was purchased some time ago by her son Jacob J. Mrs. Bostian’s maiden name waB Moose, She was twice married. Her first hus band was Julius M. Heilig, who was killed in the civil war. Unto this union were born three chil dren, only one of which is living. Later she married and is uow the widow of the late D. Monroe Bos tian. Uuto this union were born seven chPdren, five of which are living. She lived in her old home fifty-one years. A. A. Koon, a son-in-law, being here from Tex as, the children deoided to show to their tried and always kind mother s ime appreciation of her servioes toward them and help her to appreciate her new home. At about twelve o’clock all the liv ing ohildren consisting of 0. L. Heilig, J. J , J. A., Maggie £,, H. A., and W. R. Bostian, twen ty-five grandchildren, four great grandchildren, A. A. Koon and a few friends went to the new home to make it all the more pleasant and appreciable. At 1:80 dinner was announced and a dinner like unto the occasion in Soheook Na tion needs no explanation, Tuesday morning Mr. Koon and daughter, Miss Julia, left for Fort Stookton, Texas, where Mr. Koon is located. Miss Julia’s mother died when she was just a mere in fant. Mr. Koon has been in the west for the past sixteen years and his greatest mission to North Carolina was to take his daughter home with him to live. Mrs. O. L. Heilig is a sistor of Mr. Koon and has reared his daughter from an infant. May the union of this father and daughter be one of joy and sincere happiness. Osb Pbesent. Accused of Stealing. E. E. Chamberlain, of Clinton, Me., boldly aooused Bucklen s Arnica Salve of stealing—the sting from burns or Boalds—the pain from eoreB of all kinds—the distress from boils or piles. “It rjbe cats, corns, braises, sprains, and injuries of their terror," he says, “as a healing remedy its equal don’t exist.” Only 26o at all druggists. SALISBURY NEWS ITEMS. Things of Interest Sitliirid for oir Good Readers. Robert L. Johnson has recently purchased a farm near Hickory and will move there to make his home. He will probably leave here about October 1. G. L. Mowery, employed by R. L. Shaver in his grocery business, while driving the delivery wagon some time ago was struok by a shifting engine on the crossing near the ice faotory. Mr. Mowery escaped with a slight out on the shoulder. James Heilig, engineer on the Yadkin branch of the Southern, who was injured in the wreok near Granite Quarry some time ago and who has been at the home of his mother on East Bank Street since his mishap, has returned to bis.home at Norwood. In order to avoid a water famine such as would be certain in case of continued drought, the board of aldermen haB ordered that pipe be laid connecting ths reservoir with Grant’s oreek two miles west of the city. Unless there is an early inorease of water at the pumping station the water from Grant’s Oreek will be pumped direot to the city reser voir. Will Rusher, who came from his home at Hamlet about a month ago to plaoe his wife under the oareof a physician, died at the home of his brother-in-law J, A . Barrett, Saturday afternoon. Mr. Rusher developed typhoid fever shortly after coming to Salisbury and hiB death resulted therefrom. Reid’s department store opened up in its new plaoe of business on South Main Street yesterday. The plaoe presents are attrictive front, and within there is considerable evidenoe that “it pays to trade at Reid’s." J. F. Frazier, or Winston Salem died at the Whitehead Stokes Sanatorium last Friday afternoon, He had been brought to this oity for treatment a week previous to his death. The remains were taken to Winston-Salem for interment. A party composed of Dr. Byron Olark, John Carroll, Theo. At well, John C. Mason, Dr. R. E. Steele of Spenoer and others left Monday for a fishing and camp ing spell at Lake Waooamaw. The party will spend two weeks at toe lake. Edgar S. Shaman, who has for some time been with the Graft Collett-Davis Lumber Company, has resigned his position here and is now traveling salesman for the Danville Lumber Manufacturing Company. Rev, R. L. Davis, superinten dent of the North Carolina Anti Saloon League, delivered an ad dress to meu at the oourt house Sunday afternoon and preached at the Methodist Churoh Sunday evening. Both addresses were on the subj ot of law enforcement and were largely attended. The Southern railway has re cently issued orders to the effect that dogs must be kept out of passenger stations. The order oomes as a result of a suit brought against the road by parents of a ohild who was bitten by a dog in the waiting room at Statesville. The friends of J. A. Ayers will be glad to learn that his health is very greatly improved. He is now able to be up and about. Rev. J. C. Rowe, D. D„ will preach at the Firat Methodist Churoh next Saturday morning at 10 o’clook and at 11 o’clock Sunday morning. Dr. Rowe will oonduot the third quarterly con ference next week. Dr. Archibald Henderson, who has reoently returned from an extended travel and study in Europe, will speak Wednesday evening at 8:80 o’olook in the drawing room of Mrs. Charles Price. The publio is invited. MR. MCLAUGHLIN SUES THE SOUTHERN He Was Thrown off a Train and His Skul Fractured. Robert A. MoLaughlin, e splendid oitixen and good farmer, who lives four miles north ol Cleveland, was in Salisbury Fri day on business. He paid The Watchman office a pleasant visit and related a reoent experience he had with Captain Overton, oonductor on the Western Branob of the Southern Railway, Mr. MoLaughlin, like numerous other good people, sometimes takes on a little joy fluid, failed to obtain a ticket before getting on the train and refuted to pay fare after being oalled on for it, which of course, left the conductor no other .iternative than to put him off. This Capt. Overton had a right to do and there is no ques tion on that soore, but the man ner of treatment in putting him off is wherein Mr, MoLaughlin complains. He is not positive as to how it came about, but when he came to himself he was bleed ing prulusely from a wound cu the orown of his bead, his scalp being cut and his skull fraotured. He thinks his wound was the re sult of one of three possible causes; ie: struok on the head with something in the hands of the oonduotor, or his negro as sistant; thrown against the oar steps, or against a rook on the ground. A number of persons were present and saw the per formance and are now surprised that Mr. MoLaughlin remains in the land of the living. Mr. MoLaughlin is a hard-work* ing, well behaved citizen, is pretty well fixed and is not will ing to go through such an experi ence with the expectation of gain, but he thinks he was shamefully treated and that the railroad’s employees, or the rails road, should be compelled to make some reparation for his in juries, which seems permanent, his loss of time and. expenses in curred for his restoration to health, and, has therefore brought suit for damages, employing Hon. R Lee Wright to take charge of the matter. A hearing will prob ably be had at the coming term Rowan superior court. New Artillery Record. The One Hundred and Thirty, fifth Company of Coast Artillery eolipsed its former Reoord with three-inch guns yesterday, when it made sixteen hits in eighteen shots at 2,100 yards in 64 seconds. The firing was at Fort Hancock, with two three*inch guns, the battery being actually in action exactly forty-two seoonds. Last summer the same company made eleven hits out of sixteen shots in forty-two seoonds.—New York World. Arthur^T. Ritchie, of Rowan, is a member of this company and is proud of the fact that he help ed make this splendid record, also of being a native of Rowan. He keeps up with the home news by reading The Watchman which he says he enjoys very much. ■-• • Oaths Result From Card Game. Asheville, July 28.—Particu lars were received here yesterday through an attorney in Asheville from Robbmsville of s tragedy occurring in Graham county Sat urday, when two men, James Elliott and a man named Friz zell, were shot and killed, it is alleged, by a man named Ed. Bryson, who was later killed be fore arrested. It is said that the men had been drinking and play ing oards-. that a dispute arose over some money and that Bryeon drew his gun and shot Elliot dead and then sent a bullet into Friz zell’s long, the wound causing death in about two days. It is said th it Bryson went to Tuske gee; that he was armed with two pistols and and a gun and that he was killed by a man named Jenkins. Jenkins, it is said, re lated the occurrence thejnext day on Yellow creek and^later was ar rested. How the Hookworm Dispensaries are Se cured by Counties. ' Those counties asking for a dis penary proceed in the following manner: The physioians of the county indorse the plan for carry ing on the work for a period of from four to six weeks as do also the county board of health and the oouuty board of education. These indorsements are then pre sented to the county commission ers with a request that they ap propriate suoh part of 950.00 a week as ir ,y be found ueoessary to defiay the expense of advertis ing the work, paying for the medi ciues and paying the travelling expenses of the laboring man, provision for which can be secured in no other way. The work is accomplishing results highly satisfactory to the oouuty com missioners. Senator J. A. Brown who was influential in having the hospital lcoared in Columbus County, writes as follows: “I sincerely hope you oau ar range within the next few months to looate at this poiut again for a much longer period. By this time the beneficial results will be known to our people and I believe a second trip will result iu a com plete eradiotion of hookworm dis ease in this territory.” Excessive Rains. Good orop-growing weather pre vailed generally throughout the country during the past week, ac cording to the national weekly bulletion of tha weather bureau, issued Tuesday. In the large corn growing States east of the Mississippi the weath er was cool and moderate rains oc curred in most districts,|exoept in portions of the lower Ohio valley, where additional moisture is needed. In the cotton belt favorable weather continued over the more eastern States, although more rain is needed in North Qftxolina. In the oentral States, however, there was too muoh oloudy, rainy weather in portions of Mississippi and Alabama and more sunshine is needed in nearly ail that sec tion . West of the Mississippi heavy rains generally relieve the drought in Oklahoma and the northern and eastern portions of Texas and good rains ocourred in Arkansas and Louisiana.—Statesville Land Memorial Resolutions. At the meeting of the Salis bmy Distriot Conference of the M. E. Church at Norwood last week the following resolutions were adopted: “Whereas, Brother W. B, Smoot was elected a delegate to this oonfereuoe from the First Churoh of Salisbury but has ainoe died; therefore be it resolved: 1st, That we have full oonfi* deuce in his preparation for the change from this world to heav en ; 2nd. We express to sister Smoot and her children our deep sorrow that the young husband and father was taken from them in his young manhood. We will ever pray God blessing upon them.” Germany Rushes Warship to Haiti. Newport News, Va., July 80.— The German cruiser Bremen ar rived iu port today from Montreal and immediately began taking on ooal and provisions. The Bre men is under rush orders to pro ceed to Haiti to protect the Ger man interest there in view of the egneral uprising against the rule of the President Simon. The Bremen will proceed immediately. A King Who Left Home Set the world to talking, but Paul Mathulka, of Buffalo, N Y. says he always KEEPS AT HOME the King of all Laxatives—Dr. King’s New Life Pills—and that they’re a blessing to all his fam ily. Cure constipation, head ache, indigestion, dyspepsia, Only 26o at all druggists. ENSI6N Y0UN6 IS FOUND. Ns lotornitlos 6Iisr Oat ts to His Discos ory. Sofforlog Froa Norveus Broakdowo. Morganton, July 26.—Ensign Robert 8. Young, Jr., of Con cord, who disappeared from hia ship, the United States torpedo boat destroyer Perkins, while moored in the Brooklyn navy yard two weeks ago, snd who left behind a note saying he intended ed to drown himself, arrived in Morganton last night on the mid night train and was immediately taken to the Broadoaks sanatoria j urn, a private institution for the treatment of nervous patients. Ensign Young was aooompanied by his father, Dr. R. 8. Young, Sr., of Concord, they having come direct from New York City. The ensign appeared to be in perfect health physioally, but it is said that he is suffering from uervous breakdown. The arrival at Morganton seems to have been oarefully planned, and very few people knew of the young man's presence at the sani tarium until late this afternoon. Beyond the statement that he would remain in the sanatorium until completely rested and re stored to health, no information would be given out. I he whereabouts of the young ensign since his strange disap pearance from his ship while uu der arrest for overstaying his shore leave or how he was discov ered oould not be learned, but it is said that he was discovered in New York by his father some time ago and oinoe that time has been kept in a hotel there until arrangements oould be made to bring him South without his identity being detected. It is not known whether or not either father or son was disguised dar ing the journey.—Charlotte Ob server. Meeting of Farmers’ Union. -he meeting of the State Far mer’s Union came to a dose last Thursday night. The delegates unanimously adopted the follow ing resolution at the session Thursday night: “Resolved that the thanks of this body be and are hereby ten dered to the city of Saliebury, the Merchants’ Association of the oity, the Rowan County Union, the Choral Society, the Salisbury Uornet oand, the various hotel* of the city, and the citisens of the town for the many kindnesses shown to ns during our stay here, for the magniflcient entertain* ment given us and (for the free* dom of the oity, so graciously ex tended to oar body and to the trustees of the graded school building for the use of their audi torium.” The following men were elected delegates to the national oonven. tion whioh meets in Shawnee, Okla., September 5th: Dr. H. Q. Alexander, of Meoklenburg; C. C, Wright, Wilkes; J. Z. Green, Union; E. 0. Farris, Gaston ; J, M. Oox, Pitt; T. B. Hill, Vie gilina, Va. A committee was appointed to consider overtures made to the union by the Farmers’ Alliance of Orange oounty in regard to the union of the two orders. The tobacco growers belonging to the union decided to meet in Greensboro on August 24, at whioh time President 0. S. Bar rett of the National Union will be present. --— Thirty Years Together. Tirty years of association-think of it. How the merit of a good thing stands oat in that time—or the worthlessness of a bad one. So there's no guesswork in this evi dence of Thos. Arise, Concord, Mich., who writes: "I have used Dr. King’s New Digoovery for 80 years, and its the best oough and cold oure I ever used. ” Once it finds entrance in a home you can’t pry it out. Many families have used it for forty years. It’s the most infa.lible throat and lung medioine on earth. Unequaled for lagrippe, asthma, hay-fever, oroup quinsy or sore lungs. Price 50o,tl,00. Trial bottle free. Guar anteed by All Druggists.