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VOL. XI. NO. 15. FOURTH SERIES SALISBURY, N, C., WEDNESDAY, MARCH 313T, 1915. Wm. H. STEWART, ED. AND PROP.
Si Soive; of Rowan Conn:; . Maps Will Show Kind »f Soil. Roads Stiearas. Public Buildings and Houses. Washington, March 28.—Th< soil survey maps of Rowan Conn ty will soon be ready.for distribu tion. Senator Overman and Rap resentative Doughton secured the survey and W. E. Hearne, a North Carolina expert in the Department of Agriculture, had charge of the work. Iuterestihg rusults will be revealed by the report of this county. The Bureau of Soils of the De partment of Agrionltuie in co operation with the North Carolina Department of Agriculture work ed together on the survey of Row an County, and the maps and re ports are now in the process of en graving and printing. Senator Overman and Congress man Doughton will have several thousand copies of these publica tions for free distribution, not only in the county but through out the State and the United States. Reoently the people of the North and Northwest have been looking to North Carolina as a field beaming with opportuni ties and wonderful possibilities for future development. AU nuutttaoo map buuwuj^ an the roads, both public and pri vate, railroads, streams, towns, sobool houses, churches, bouses, and all prominent and well known places in the county, bas b^n made ou the c-mvenn-i t scale oi one inch to the mile. Upon this map aB a base the various types of ■oil and the extent of each will be shown in different colors, so that a person cau at a glance ascertain what kind of soil there is in any portion of the cc unty without traveling over it. The report will consist of fr'-m 80 to 40 printed pages and will embrace specific data on the coun ty, its location, tcpographio fea tures, drainage conditions, trans portation facilities markets, cli mate, agriculture, soils, crops to which the soils are adapted, and the prevailing cr-ips u w grown, and in fact everything bearing up on the agricultural development of the regiou. nti__ i „ r> n„ — a .. u been der.ved through the process of weathering and decay of the un derlying rocks. The oifferent rock formatiaus have given risu tc various classes or types of soil; for example,, the emooth-ttx'ured silty or floury like soiie in the eastern and southeastern parts oi the county are derived from the finegrained 8)ate rocks; the red day lands in the central and west ern portions of the county ow« their origin to the disim gratior and decomposition of the fine tex tured granites; the ooarser textur ad surface soiie of a gray oolor underlain by a red or yellow cla] subsoil are the resultant producti of the ooarse grained gramted anc gniesBes. The strips of alluvial ■oils developed iu the first- bottomi along the streams represent th< finer materials which have beei washed from the uplands and de posited by the streams during heavy freshets and overflows These soils are naturally rich am when reclaimed, by canals anc literal ditohes, and restored to i position suitable for agnculturi utilization will produce larg< yields of corn and grasses. ti . c? i i_ _ _ i j _ -i r . muon ui uuo u^iinuu ovuo ui gui county »ra strong and inherently productive, and represent some o the best land encountered through out the Piedmont region of th country. Much of the soil deriv ed from the granites is very higl iu potash, borne of these soil contain a sufficient amount o potash Vj produce large yields fo 100 years or more without the ad dition of potash. Of oourse, fo the produotiou of such crops a tobacco and potatoes, which re' quire large amounts of potash, th application of potash to thes orops is profitable. ParoMcall; all of tt;e soils are deficient ii uitr gei , but this element of-plan food can be easily and oheapl •eoursd by the gtowing of olov6r and oowpeai, or by the addditioi Fire May Resident of 3. T. Tichner is Practically Destroyed. Oa Monday morniug about 11:50o’clock the fire d»partment was called from box 26, corner Jackson and L berty Streets. They immediately rushed to the scene of the fire which was the house occupied by Charlie T. Tichner on the corner of Kerr and Churoh Streets The big motor truck arrived on the scene alright but as the Hook and Ladder wag on was crossing Liberty Street an automobile owned and driven by D. L. Brown manager of Brown’s Cafe crashed into it and complete ly overcurned it hurting Mallie West and smashing the front wheel on the car This delayed the company awhile, as they were at present needing ladders. The Hook and Ladder wagon was driven by Henry Glover who was not hurt. The occupants of the house were not at home but the fire oompauy did fine work and most of the household furniture was saved. Ah! The InvigoratingWhitf ol The Pine Forest! How it clears the throat and head of its mucous ailments. It is this spirit of Newness and vigor from the health giving Piuey For ests Drought back by Dr. Bell’s Pme-Tar-Honey. Autioeptic and healing Buy a bottle today. \li druggists. 25c. El“ctnc Bitters a Spring Tonic. of barnyard manure in liberal .quantities. O. e of the essential needs of the soils is phosphoric acid. This, however ie one of the cDeapest and most abundant ele ments of plant food, and can be secured from the United States It is the lutei tiou cf Dr. B W. K'lgor? to issue a bulletin folic w 1 g the soil survey report and embracing the chemical analysis of the various types of Boil, scg gesting the proper fertilization for each soil and recomsudiug the proper cultural methods to be practiced This bulletin Will also give the results obtained frcm the test farms and the test plats oar ried on in the Piedmont province. On sotns of the test plats the use of potash in a comp ete fertilizer has given no increased yield in the crops It would therefore seem that it would be more pro fitable to eliminate potash from the fertilizer, and to use the money spent for it in the purchase of phoeph nic acid. Large yields of oata add wheat Dave been ob taiued from the red lauds in the Mill Greek section by the addition of phosphoric acid and barnyara manure H E. C. Bryant. Romauisis Don’t Answer Here are Twenty Questions Purely Patrio ic and if on-Political. Remain Unanswered! Here is the cream of the whole controversy between patriotic American and the Romish politi cal machine and devotes of the foreign would-be world ruler, the Pope. They are purely political and in no wise suggest interference with any kind of true religion. They were asked by a leading mason of Louisville, Kentucky, of one “Col.” P. H, Callahan, of the same city chairman of the Knights of Columbus fifty-thou sand-dollar committee appointed to investigate the waver of “bigot ry” which periodically pass over the United States. 1, Are you acvuainted with the text or general tenor of the various encyclicals oi the late Pope Leo XIII and his predecess ors against FreemaBonryf end if so, do you agree with their view and feel bound to carry out their commands? i _ _ __• i . .1 _III. aio jruu n^uaiuipu niou auy directions to Roman Catholics, emanating from the Vatican at Rome, to become active in poli tics, so that constitutions and legislation and governments may be changed to oonform to the ‘principles of the chnrch, and if so, what are the ‘principles’ re ferred to? 3. As a Roman Catholic and a Knight of Columbus, are you a believer in the freedom of all men to worship God according to the dictates of their own conscience, under all circumstances and at all times? Does the order you represent so believe? 4 Do yofi aud the order you represent he'ieve in thb separation of chnrch aud state? 5. Do you aud the order yen represent believe in free public schools, supported by the state and free from the coutrol of any church or religious organization, including your own? 6. Should your religious supe rior require you, as a matter of religion, to oust your vote in school elections against those who adhere to above opinions (see No, 5), would you feel yourself bound to do so on grounds of religion and obedience to religious au thoritv ? 7. Should ycur own church beoome dominant in America and rec gniz^d as the religion of state, would you accord freedom of op inion, of speech, of piess and of worship to other denominations even when s.me activity opposed she Roman Catholic church? 8, Ii you answer that you wo Id p ease state whatydu wou d do in event the Vatican or the pope commanded that aaoh toler ance be not granted. 9. Would you and your order protest against a union of church and state in this oouuty, or take advice measures to prevent suoh a uniou? 10. Are you acquaniuted with the papal declaration to the effect that Freemasons are the leaders of all the enemies of the ohuroh, and must therefore be stamped out, and if so, do you adhere to this declaration and order? 11. Are you acquainted with Cardinal O’oonnell’s declaration that Freemasonry ierthe oause of the present bloodshed in Mexioo, and that secret aid is being given from this oountry by American Freemasons, and if so, do you be lieve it? j.z. now ao you aooouu* ior sue fact that Roman Catholios distrust Freemasons? 18 What are the teaohings of your ohuroh and your order with regard to Freemasonry, and how far are you obliged by your relig ion to believe and act upon such teachings? 14. Should your priest or other religious superiors ordeT or suggest a business boycott against a Free mason, would you hold yourself bound to observe same as a matter of oonscienoe or religion? 15. When euoh advioes are given Catholios, are they gener ally observed? 16. If snoh orders are given with reference to politioel dis crimination against Freemasons, do yon hold yourself bound to ob serve same as a matter or religion? 17. Is there anything in the oaths or ntnalB of the Knights ot Columbus requiring them to vote against Freemasons or discrimi nate against them in anyway? 18. Was theta anything in tbs oaths or rituals of the Knignts of ColumbuB, prior to 1912, or ever to your knowledge, requiring them t j vote against Freemasons or dis criminate against them in any way? 19. Do you think there is any persecution or uatnoncs in cnis oouutry, and if so, by whom and upon what grounds do yon think it is beiug earned on? 20. If it be true that a large percentage of yonr fellow oitisane fear the alleged intention of the Vatican to make the Roman Cath olic church dominant in the poli tical affairs of this country; to suppress Freemasonry and secret orders geneially; to control the press; abridge freedom of speeoh; prevent religions toleration of other sects or ohnrohes or oreeds, and control the public sohool system or destroy it, would yonr order le willing, in order to dissi pate suoh ideas, to declare openly, without reserve or equivocation, on your honor as American citi zens, that if such should be the inteutione or purposes of the va tican or the pope, or auv part of tae clergy or laity of your church, you would resist the execution of suoh designs to the uttermost and j'-iu your fellow citizens in repo dialing suoh attempt*? Her May Bill Lucinda Price Instantly Killed by South Carolina Negro, Who Made His 6et Away. Last Sunday night about 8:00 o’olook Lucinda Price, colored, waB shot and instantly killed by Jim Cooper, alias Dock Cooper, at her home at 280 South Craige Street. From what oan be learn ed, Cooper and the Price woman had once been married aud had separated about two yean ago. Cooper had been trying to get the woman to come baok to him for some time but she had told him often times to stay away form her. He, however, paid no attention and continued to plead On Sun day night, it ia said, he went to her house on Craige Street and asked her if she had deoided to live with him, she told him she had not and ordered him from tin bouse. He left telling her be would fix her. He went to th^ home of Sam Massey, another ne gro and stole a single barrelec shot gun and going baok to th home of the woman, he emptieo the entire load in her left chest, killing her beta tly. Sherrifl Krider and Chief of Polioe Miller were on the soene in about seven minutes, bat the murderer had al ready fled. After an all night searoh the sheriff and his gang re turned, none the better for their search. Jim Cooper is from South Carolina and has been employed for some time by E. K. James on Fulton Street, he is about 80 vears of age. The woman also was from South Carolina and was about 82 years of age. The sheriff still hae his eyes open for a due and will do all in his power to arrest the murderer and place him safely be hind the bars. -• m No Use to Try to Wear out Your Gold It Will Wear You Out lostead, Thousands keep on suffering Coughs and Colds through neglect and delay. Why make vourselt an easy prey to serious ailments and ep’demios as the result of a negleoted Cold? Coughs and Colds tap yonr strength and vi tality unless ohecked in the early stages. Dr. Kings New Disoovery is what you need—the first dose helps. Your head dears up, you breathe freely and you feel so muob better. Buy a bottle today and start taking at once. The new bill passed by the Leg* islature increased the salary of the oounty auditors of New Hanover oounty as follows: The salary bill increases the salary of the au ditor from $2,250 to $3,000 a year; the clerk cf court’s salary from $2,750 to $8,000 and the sheriff’s salary it reduced from $8,500 to $3,000. This bill takes effect April 1st. Latest Var Nets Villa Defeated at Motamoros. Submarine F-4 Located Outside.of Harbor. The Russians have pushed their way well through the Carpathians toward the plains of Northern Hungary in the vioinity of Bart field capturing au Austrian posi tion five miles south of Taraf. Brownsville, Texas, March 28.— Failing in their attempt yesterday to dislodge the Carranza garrirou by rifle and machine gun fire, Villa forces beseiging Matamoros virtually ceased their attacks to day, awaiting, it was announced, tho arrival nf urtillarn T event of an artillery duel, Browns ville, directly across the Rio Girande from Matamoroa, would be endangered and tonight one of the gravest of border crisis was feared. The likelihood of shells, falling in Brownsville was demon itrated by the rifle bullets whioh iropped here yesterday, during be first Villa on Matanaoros trenches, a costly failure of Villa forces in which their losses were fficially given as 100 killed aud 40 wounded. This attack was a headstrong dash of 2 000 mounted nflemem. The Carranza losses vere 10 killed and 45 injured, fwo persons were struck by bul lets in Brownsville. Neither was seriously injured. London, March 28.—-Violent battles lor possession of the Car pathian passes continue. The Russians who recently regained possession of Dukla Pass, are pushing their way toward Bart field on one side and Svidmk on the other where, if they achieve their object, tney will take posses aion of the heads of the railroads running southward into Hungary. The Tripple Entente armies are still arrayed at various places in heavy battles against the troops of the Teutonic Allies. Official reports show that severe engage ments are waging in northern Franoe, northern Poland, in the Carpathian region aud in the vicinity of the Black Sea in the Caucasus. rekin, March za. — President Yuan Shi Kai yesterday again oonfered wirh members of hie en tourage regarding the question of rejecting or accepting the Japa nese demands, which, according to Chinese officials, the Japanese again are pressing firmly. Negotiations have reached a stage which the Chinese consider perilous. The conference between the Japanese Minister and the Chinese officials yesderday again discussed, but sailed to agree on the question.of Japanese immigra tion in Manchuria and the so call ed ‘‘Hanyeping” demands; name Passenger Train No. 8 and Freight No. 73 Collide Near Concord. One Slightly Hurt. r_Ou Tuesday morning shortly after 4 o’olook there was a head* on oollision near Concord, between northbound passenger train No. 8 and southbonnd freight train No. 78. Three oars on the freight were ditched and the engine, and two oars of the passenger, (with engineer Clarke at the throttle) were knooked clear of the traok. From what oan be learned one man was slightly injured, bnt not seriously. None of the train orew were injured. There was a delay in the morning passenger trains on account of the wreok, bnt the wrecking orew did quiok work and the trains were soon on their way. ^—■—— London, March 26.—A financial report issued here today by the American Commission for relief in Belgium shows that $20,000, 000 worth of foodstuffs have been delivered in Belgium sinoe the inception of the commission's work’ Nineteen million dollars worth of food is on the way to the stricken country or is stored for further shipment, Of the grand total $8,600,000 was provided by benevolent contributions and the balance of $80,600,000 was pro vided by banking arrangements sat up by the oomission. Newport News, Va., Maroh 26, —Fortress Monroe and Fort Wool in the center of Hampton Roads tonight assumed unsual aotivity. All the troops stationed at the forts were ordered to the harraoks and the big gun crews and the mine companies were sent to their stations. At 9:30 o’clock the engines around - ___ i , i _ gwuo noio o oe«jl tou ruu R1IV s«arohhghts at both forts were in operation. Sabseqnently it was discovered that one United States submarine and three destroyers had arrived in the roads and dropped anohor between the two forts, ly, the Han-Yan iron works, the Tayeh mines and the Ping*Siang oiilieries. Honolulu, Maroh, 28.—The sab* marine F-4 has been iooated out* side the harbor it was announced tonight. Portions of the superstructure have been brought to the surfaoe. The dredge California will shift moorings, tugs will criss>oross in all directions and an attempt will be made to lift the submarine. W. C. Parks, a civil engineer, has started construction of an im* mense diving bell a 64-inch cast* iron pipe seven feet in height, bitted with a plate glass port. The diving bell is expeoted to b» mady for use tomorrow. Pallaria and His Great Band to Be Here Chautauqua Week i lil»ll I r™ ■ ■ j.'< ■■ . ~r.‘* - -. ’ . 71H IIaIII “ .... . . . . . ..w'liriinrii 'Wi tit r - ■«* ; ' „ In ‘JKerWh,vlrin8 d.eTD<1 thC' ? 0,0 Redpath Chautauqua week this year will be Band Day. Francesco Pallaria and his great band will render two programs-Hjne in the afternoon and one in the evening. A I 8 haritnn/hnrn'in^npenf ^“hT1 HS1Car “ JIm *’ r?tlU,d °f 4116 natural 1,01,1 mua‘cia^ At the age ofnlne years he was attending the Milan Conservatory. At nineteen he graduated and soon after became soloist on the ■ I J bant0DC horn * °ne of toDd£ of Naples' Stl]1 a Rtt^ lata he became director Of a j»ftg la g* ^ aegfly all the large cities of the United States. _