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SOI CHANGES IN
CENSORSHIP HOLES NEW LIST OF REGULATIONS FOR THE GUIDANCE OF THE PRESS. ENFORCEMENT UP TO PRESS Repeated Violations Which Were Ex cused on the Score of Misunder standing Cause New Rules and Re quest for Their Observance. Washington.—A new list of press regulations making material changes in the voluntary censorships rules un der which American newspapers have been operating was promulgated by the committee on public information. The new regulations contain the first general request that there be no published mention of the arrival of American troops at European ports, replacing in that respect an express authorization in the old rules for use of any cable dispatches passed by the European censors. The old regulations are made more severe by specific stipulations in place of the more general language em oyed in the rules in fore until now. Information wincn the government considers might reveal military move ments or policies is described in great detail. In the statement announcing the new regulations,'George Creel, chair- J man of the committee, says that “re- | peated and serious violations of the voluntary censorship have been at- | tempted to be excused on the score j of "misunderstanding,” and that a “re-statement” is made with the idc that hereafter there shall be no room 1 for doubt as to the committee's de sires. The instances in which the most ■ serious charges of violation have been made, however, have not result ed from misunderstanding of the com mitee’s rules, but from following them implicitly. These instances have in volved publication of dispatches pass ed by the European censors, announc ing the arrival of American military units in Europe. PROMPT, EFFICIENT WORK BY EXEMPTION BOARD Procedure Has Been Stripped of All “Red Tape.” Washington.-—Prompt and efficient work by district exemption boards is expected by government officials as a result of stripping all red tape from the procedure of the tribunals. President Wilson’s executive order outlining the principles to govern ex emptions. coupled with instructions to the boards from Provost Marshal i General Crowder are regarded here ! as setting in motion^ the last phase of the selection process with a mini mum of confusion and delay. The object of the instructions is to impress the boards with the view that their primary purpose is to se lect the personnel for the national army in the shortest possible time. To that end they have been informed that no legal precedents will bind them, and that there need be no ad herence to rules of evidence or other technicalities of court procedure. Attorney General Gregory set in motion further machinery to increase the size of the registration reservoir from which 687,000 men of the first call are to be drawn. Thousands of men failed to register for one cause or another. Through the district at- j torneys, the department of justice is rounding up these men and when found they will be assigned numbers which will insure their being called up for examination at an early date. The first rennrts of the local boards on physical examination are beginning to appear. As yet they are not complete enough to make any logical deduction as to the probable average of rejection for reason. The draft statistics of the civil war which showed between twenty-five and thit ty per cent rejected on this ground, still are the best guide on the ques tion. CONSTITUTIONALITY OF DRAFT TO BE TESTED Athens, Ga.—Opponents of the se lective draft, attending a mass meet ing at Bold’s Springs, jeered loyal citizens who sought to warn them against unpatriotic actions. The .meeting was one of a series of de monstrations in Georgia against the .law. The presence of a United States commissioner with a squad of depu ties probably prevented violence. A fund of $1,200 being raised to test the constitutionality of the law. MORE THAN 70..000 APPLICATIONS RECEIVED Washington.—For the 16,000 places in the second officers’ training camps .to open August 27, a total of 72,914 men haveapplied and the war depart ment is considering accepting several thousand more than was originally in tended. Preliminary examinations given the applicants by civilian physi cians indicate 51,838 are physically satisfactory. In most states the num ber of applicants is from three to .five times the state’s nuota. ANOTHER AMERICAN CONTIN GENT OF FIGHTING MEN ARRIVE SAFELY. ARE IMMEDIATELY ENTRAINED Quickly Depart from Port for New Qurters—Al Other Iformation is Withheld from the Public for the Present A European Port—Another Ameri can contingent has safely arrived and dsembarked. The government withholds informa tion or comment on the foregoing dis patch. The American troops arrived by the same steamer in whicn Kermit Roose velt, his wife, and child traveled. When tenders went alongside the vessel Fri day the men were in high spirits and frequently shouted: “Are we down hearted?” was answered with a roar ing “No,” given with great enthusiasm. Representatives of the general staff watched the disembarkation. There was no civic demonstration. Only a few spectators knew of the landing. These chereed and the troops cheered back. The men e n trained q uickly and left for their new quarters. A sig nal company remained at the port for some hours and these were the only representatives of the contingent the public saw. FUNCTIONS OF MILITIA BUREAU WILL END With Drafting of Entire National Guard Into the Federal Service Aug gust 5th. Washington —With the drafting of the entire national guard into the army of the United States August 5, the functions of the militia bureau of the war department are expeteed to come to an end. There will remain 10 force of national guard for the bu reau to supervise and the officers of the regular army attached to the divi sion will probably be assigned to other ity. Under the plan of the national de fense act, which calls upon the states ot maintain recruit battalions for each guard regiment in active service, the bureau would continue as it is. It is regarded as probable, however, that a general reserve system will be substi tuted for the regimental depot plan to fill gaps in the ranks. In that event, new men, whether volunteers, those called under the se lective draft or wounded men who have recovered sufficiently to return to the front, would be gathered in gen eral recruit depots in America which would supply a general depot in France. Preliminary training of the recruits would be given in the home depots, to he supplemented by inten sive training in trench warfare at the depot in France. The convalescent soldiers returning to the front would form a valuable training force to break in the new men at the depots. AMERICAN BARK IS SUNK BY SUBMARINE London.—After being attacked by gunfire by a German submarine, the American bark Carmela of 1.397 tons was sunk by bombs in the entrance of the English channel on July 28, says an official statement issued by the British admiralty. The crew was picked up and landed at Plymouth. There was no casualties. CHICAGO FINANCIER FOR SHIPPING BOARD Chicago.—Charles G. Dawes, of Chi cago, was mentioned here as a pos sible successor to Theodore Brent on the shipping board. Mr. Brent, a strong supporter of Chairman Denman of the board, resigned when rM. Den man was forced out by President Wil son. YOUNG MILITARY OFFICERS HEAR SECRETARY LANSING Madison Barracks, N. Y.—In a speech here before 1,700 members of the officers’ reserve corps, Secretary of State Robert Lansing emphasizing the peril of German imperialism to the United States and the world, declared his belief that the German people would not cast off the yoke of autoc racy” until the physical might of the united democracies of the world has destroyed forever the evil ambitions of the military rulrs of Germany.” TWO KILLED IN RACE RIOT AT CHESTER, PA. Chester, Pa.—David Schwartz, a deputy sheriff and an unidentified negro were shot and killed here in a fight in the heart of the negro section. The shooting occurred after a day of quiet following the disorders of the last two nights and was the result of the sending of a number of policemen and guards into the neighborhood after ! a crowd of negroes had opened fired on two guards. The two guards treated after emptying their pistols. ALL MS MUSI GO TOTHELOCAL BOARD STATEMENT IS ISSUED FROM PROVOST MARSHAL GEN ERAL’S OFFICE. A DELUGE OF INQUIRIES People Are Interested Concerning Next Steps in Draft Process and Pleas for Exemption Draws State ment. Washington.—A deluge of personal inquiries concerning future steps in the army draft and of pleas from in dustrial concerns for exemption of their expert workers, drew from the provost marshal's office a statement that questions must be addressed to lo cal boards and that claims for indus trial exemption must go later to the district boards. No general class of workmen will be exempted, Provost Marshal General Crowder told the coal production com mittee, which sought information whether miners would be left at then work Appeals to the provost mar snai’s office from employers on be half of their workers can accomplish nothing, it was explained, as regula tions promulgatd by President Wilson govern all exemptions. “The question of whether a man is more useful to his country in a peace ful pursuit than in military service is a matter to be taken up with the dis trict board.” said an announcement, “and for that board to determine in the light of the circumstances sur rounding each individual case. “Procedure in case of claim for discharge on ground of industry or agriculture is explicitly outlined in the regulations. Only the upper or rr o t* rl It o e t it e rl i i r»n nvor on industrial or agricultural claim for discharge. Before a man has a stand ing before the district board he must first be certified to it by the local or lower board as physically qualified for service, and must have had any dis charge claim made before the lower board decided adversely to him. “He has five days after he is cer tied to the upper board in which to file claims for discharge and five days more in which to file proof. All claims for exemption or discharge ex cept claims for discharge on indus trial or agricultural grounds, are de cided originally by the local or lower board.” RUSSIAN FORCES ARE STIFFENING RESISTANCE Around Tarnopol Russians Put Up a Hard Fight. The Russian retirement in eastern Galicia continus. There has been a noticeable slackening in the Austro German advances north of the Dnies ter where the Russians now are of fering more spirited resistance, but south of the river to the Carpathians the Teutonic forces are moving for ward almost unimpeded. Around Tarnopol, the Austro-Ger mans have met with stubborn resist ance from the Russians, but Prince Leopold’s soldiers were able to en large recent gains on the eastern bank of the Sereth. Btween Trembowla, and Skoromocze, south of Tarnopol, the Russians were eforced to yield the crosisngs of the Sereth and Gniza rivers on a front of about eight miles according to Berlin Southeast of Tarnopol, Petrograd reports, the Aus tro-German attacks were repulsed. The Russians have retired to new positions southeast of Trembowla, but whether they also surrendered the crossings of the Sereth there, Petro grad does not say. Between Czortkov ana me Dniester, nussian cavairy nas repelled Teutonic assaults and driven the attackers northeastward toward Monasterzkska. South of the Dnie ster into the foot are retiring eastward. Kolomea, about fty miles northwest of Czernowitz, cap ital of Bukoina, has been occupied by Bavarian and Ahstro-Hungarian troops. The town is an important rail way junction and lies north of the Pruth. An unofficial report from Austrian sources says the Russians are evasuating Czernowitz. TEN BILLIONS PROBABLE COST OF YEAR OF WAR Washington.—Estimating the sost of the war for the coming year at $10,735,807,000, exclusive of loans to the allies, the administration inform ed Congress that new revenues total ling $7,000,000,000 must be raised from taxation or issuance of securities. If advancement of credit to the allies is continued at the present rate, the year's total of war expenditures will pass $15,000,000,000 and the amount of revenue required will increase. “CONSCIENTIOUS OBJECTOR" IS BRITISH DESERTER Chicago. — Daniel H. Wallace, ar rested at Davenport, Iowa, according to his own statement and that of fel low members of the “League of Hu manity” is a deserter from the British army. According to an official of the league, the British government has set a price upon Wallace’s head. Wallace claims to have been through many of the most important battles on the western front in Europe, deserting af ter the battle of Neuve Chappelle. I - NEW ESTIMATE BY WAR DE PARTMENT EXCEEDS FIVE BILLION DOLLARS. ARE AWAITING FULL REPORTS i -- As Soon as the Departmental Reports Are in the Committee Will Begin Work on Budget—Provide for Big j Loans. ! 1 Washington.—The new war budget to carry the government through to 1 next July and to cover additional ! credits to the allies promises now to far exceed the eight billion dollars, \ and may amount to ten pillion, i War department estimates sent to Congress calls for new appropria tions of $5,278,636,000 for that branch of the military establishment alone. Estimates totalling another $1,000,- j 000,000 or more are expected when the other departments report their i needs, and in addition, Secretary Me Ado has indicated that before the i year is out Congress will be asked ■ for a $2,000,000 appropriation to in- , | crease the funds available for loans j abroad. As soon as the departmental re ; ports are in, the appropriation com mittees of Congress will go to work 1 on an immediate budget which prob ! ablj will total in the neighborhood of $7,000,000,000. Congressional leaders do not ex- , pect to have to provide immediately for the additional credits to the al- j lies, as treasury officials have indi- j 1 r*ntpH that tin nnnrnnria t.ion fnr that 1 purpose will be requested until the next session. The gross estimates submitted by the war department totalled $5,917. 87S.37 but that covered all existing and expected deficiencies in the de partment funds, including upward of $040,000,000 already appropriated for the aviation proij-airu This latter item will not be included in the bud get, but Congress will have to pro vide revenues to meet it since it was not on the ledger when the war tax bill was framed. Congress sentiment seemed in favor of increasing the $1, 0)70.670,000 war tax bill only to about $2,000,000,000. with authorization both for a new bond issue, possibly at a higher interest rate and in serial form and for issuance for treasury certifi cates of indebtedness. Secretary Mc Adoo is said to favor a much larger levy of taxes increasing the bill’s to tal by $1,000,000,000 or at least to $2,225,000,000. RUSSIAN SOLDIERS ARE SHOT BY COMRADES Part of New Policy of “Blod and Iron” to Stop Sedition. The Russian government’s policy of ' “blood and iron” is to be caried out along lines which bodes ill for the se ditious troops along the eastern front I and those persons within the country I who are trying to nullify the good work that has followed in the wake of the revolution. Capital punishment, abolished with advent of the new government, again has been put into force on the demand | of the military commanders at the I front, who now will be able to assem I ble field court martials and put to death summarily traitors in the army. General Korniloff, commander of the forces in Galicia, whose disaffection and desertions have wrought havoc in the Russians morale, was the most in- j sistent of the military chiefs in calling for a free hand to check the refrac- | I tory troops. Prior to the acquiescence of the ! government, General Korniloff is re ported to have taken the drastic step ’ having a division of fleeing cow arClS 1)1 lilt? ClCVCliL uaim.y ouut, i-w pieces by their faithful former brother in-arms. Meanwhile, pending the tightening of the reins of repression, the Russian troops everywhere in Galicia from the region around Tarnopol southward to the southwestern Bukowina border are continuing to give way. with rela tively little fighting before the Ger mans and Austro-Hungarians. Eager For First Reports Washington.—Reports of the first selection boards to fill their quota for the selective draft army are eagerly awaited by Washington offi cials. because they will give the first definite information as to probable percentage of rejections to be expect ed omong the ten million registrants. All available statistics indicate a probable rejection of one in every four for physical disability. In some localities this will 'Tary, but the aver J age for the whole country is expect ed to be between 25 to 30 per cent. Tillman Pushing Fertilizer Bill. Washington.—Senator Tillman, of I South Carolina, asked President Wil I son not to exert his influence to have ! eliminated from the food control bill now in conference the senator’s amendment appropriating $10,000,000 for the purchase of fertilizer for thin farms along the Atlantic seaboard. The President expressed willingness as far as he is concerned to have the amendment remain in the bill. He pointed out that there might be some difficulty in getting the ships to bring nitrate from Chile. WASHINGTON SEES1 sep,lass situation I COLLAPSE OF RUSSIAN WAR MA CHINE MEANS PROLONGATION OF THE WAR. MEDIATE BEARING HERE | German Victories in East Will Release Soldiers for Western Front.— Many Russians Women Enter Ranks But Retreat Keeps Up. Washington.—No attempt is made here to minimize the seriousness of the situation in the war theaters in Europe. The United States is in the war and will go through with it; but any hope of a short struggle has gone glimmering with the apparent almost complete collapse of the Russian war machine. The development was not unexpect ed by many army officers. When the offensive of July 1 was started by the Russian forces the most frequent com ment heard here was that it was the probably dying kick of the old Russian machine. For the United States, the Russian collapse may have an immediate and direct bearing. It will, if the German general presses its advantage, release additional German forces to bolster up the western front where American troops are to be engaged. The German line in the west has not been serious ly impaired at any point, officers be lieve. They do not claim to know the situation along the battlefronts, but ill n ro n K1 n + /~v ono tli of tTio TJl'it. ish and French have wrested from the Germans any key position of such im portance that it can be used next year to hurl the enemy back. Russian Women Fight. Even the actual entry of women soldiers into battle on the eastern j front has been insufficient to imbue the ranks of the recalcitrant Russians with patriotism. They are still desert ing in large numbers in Galicia, leav ing of virtually free road open for fresh advances by the Germans and Austro-Hungarians. From the Baltic to the Black Sea only at one point, along the line in the southern Carpathians, have the j Russians risen to the occasion and shown some of their old fighting spirit. 1 Here fighting shoulder to shoulder with their Rumanian allies, they have attacked and captured several villages i from the Germans and broken the ! heavily fortified Teuton line on a wide front. In Galicia, the precipitate retreat of the Russians continues almost ! everywhere from the Carpathian foot- ' hills to the region around Tarnopol, j the government apparently not. yet ! having had time to put in force its ' strong repressive measures which M. j Kerensky ,the head of the government, has promised to apply in order to stay th eretreat. Many Towns Taken. Nadvorna, in the fringe of the foot hills, Stanislau and Tarnopol and nu merous smaller towns have been tak en by the Teutons who are now ap proaching the important railroad junc- 1 tion of Buczacz, which lies some 30 miles east of Halicz. The German emperor was an observer of the bat tle on the Sereth front and saw his men put down the only effort of mo ment that was made to hold them back—an attack by the Russians be tween Tarnopol and Trembowla. NATIONAL GUARD UNITS CALLED TO SERVICE Washington.—The entire national guard of the country with the ex ception of the troops from California and southwest state are in the federal service under President Wilson’s call. The remainisg units will be brought in August 5, on which day the whole force of probably 300,000 men will be draft ed into the army of the United States and will lose its status as militia. From that day on the state troops can be used for nay duty the president may direct and will be subject to no lim itations that do not apply to the regu lar army. , The first increment of the guard was called out ten days ago. Those calyled into the second increment em brace New England, middle Western and northwestern states and several Southern states. Probably more than 150.000 men went on federal payroll. There have been many things to in dicate that guard regiments which are now fairly well equipped and which have the benefit of the border mobili zation will not beheld long at the di visional training camps. It transpor tation is available, the best of the state troops may be hurried to France at once. , INCREASE IN NUMBER OF VESSELS DESTROYED London.—Twenty-one British ves sels of. more than 1,600 tons each and three of less than 1,600 tons each were sunk last week by mines or subma rines according to a weekly admiralty report on shipping losses. The state ment follows: “Arrivals, 2,791; sail ings, 2,791. British merchantmen sunk by mine or submarine over 1,600 tons, including two previously, 21; under 1,600 tons, three; British vessel! unsuccessfully attacked, 15.” OLD SORMTE NEWS Brief Notes Covering Happenings in This States That Are of Interest to All the People. Belmont now lias a community can ning plant. The July crop report has some in teresting figures on North Carolina. A big canning plant is soon to be erected at New Bern. The exemption boards of North. Carolina met and organized Thursday. The Western District board met at Statesville and the Eastern at Raleigh. Walter Storm, a Wilmington man, has what he terms a succsesful anti submarine device. Miss May Stephenson, of Raleigh, N. C., has been named a vice-presi dent of the Girls’ Conference of the Chautauqua and School of Methods of the Christian Church for the coming y ear. The thirty-fourth annual session of the Statesville district conference of the M. E. Church was held at Gas tonia last week and many splendid addresses were delivered. Gen. Julian S. Carr, of Durham, has reopened his fight against the “yallar cur” dog—a fight that caused a state wide controversy, when the general was a representative from Durham, county in the state legislature. Capt. Henry W. Stiness, of Provi dence, R. I., of the Rhode Island quar termaster’s department, has arrived in Charlotte having been detailed at Camp Greene, where the New Eng land division is to go into camp some time in August. Captain Stiness is a former newspaper man. Members of the Hundred Thousand Dollar Club of the Jefferson Standard Life Insurance Company of Greens boro, spent one day last week on Mt. Mitchell, the highest point east of the Rockies. The trip was part of the vacation tendered by the company. The community canning plant at Cherryville built by the chamber of commerce is an institution that is at tracting and will attract much atten tion ,and at the same time be of great service to he people in and around Cherryville. The plant has been built at considerable expense and for the benefit of all who will use it. , The first news of the sudden death of Edwin J. Justice of Greensboro in San Francisco to reach Greensboro was a telegram to his law partner, E. D. Broadhurst. This message was from F. P. Hobgood, Jr., also of Greensboro, who has been associated with Mr. Justice in the prosecution of important suits on behalf of the gov ernment. ' Meeting at the Buncombe county courthouse superior court clerks from all parts of North Carolina perfected a permanent organization to work for greater unity and to the mutual ad vantage of clerks throughout the state. Temporary organization was perfected with Judge C. M. Pace, of Henderson county as chairman and W. H. Young of Durham county as secretary. Black Mountain pople are protest ing vigorously about the road from Black Mountain to Asheville, and are planning a mass meeting to voice the sentiments of the town toward the commissioners and demand some ac tion. The town and that end of the county are already planning to estab lish a new county, with Black Moun tain as the county seat, if some satis factory arrangement for a road is not made. Robert Hutchins, a four-year-old son of Mr. and Mrs. R. W. Hutchins, of Spencer, fell out a second-story win dow, some seventeen feet to the ground and went on about his play as usual. The lad had gone upstairs In the afternoon to rest, went to an open window and in pushing the blinds open fell out head foremost to the ground. The strange feature of the accident was that he was practi cally unhurt. It was a close call, however. Closing their one-day campaign, in tended to raise $6,000 for the Y. M. C. A. work, with a supper at the Y. M. C. A., ten teams of business men re ported that once more Asheville, as in the case of the Red Cross and lib erty loan subscriptions, had over-sub scribed her quota. The amount rais ed was $8,509.25. Maj. Sidney C. Chambers, of th© Third infantry, gets the lieutenant col onel’s place in “Cox’s artillery” as the new regiment has been christened and the end has come. At a meeting of the exemption board for the western district of North Car olina was held in Statesville. Th© board will make Statesville their headquarters. The board was former ly composed of Dr. J. W. Long, of Greensboro; O. R. Jarrett, of Ash« ville; W. N. Reynolds, of Winston-Sa lem; W. B. Gibson, of Statesville, and R. B. Redwin, of Monroe. For various reasons Reynolds and Redwine were unable to serve. E. T. Cansler, of Charlotte, and A. H. Galloway, of Winston-Salem, were appointed in. their stead.