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The Carolina Watchman
PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAY MORNING BY The Carolina Watchman Publishing Co. SALISBURY, NORTH CAROLINA Established in 1832 100th Year of Publication E. W. G. Huffman_Editor S. Holmes Plexico_Business Manager PHONES: News and editorials-*95 Advertising and circulation-532 Business- 532 Locals and Personals-2010-J SUBSCRIPTION RATES Payable in Advance One Year _ *100 Three Years - 2-00 Entered as second-class mail matter at the postoffice at Salis bury, N. C., under the act of March 3, 1879. "If the choice were lefi to me whether to have a free press or a free government, I would choose a free press.”—Thomas Jefferson. FRIDAY MORNING, APRIL 22, 1932 POPULATION DATA CITIES AND TOWNS Salisbury _ 16,951 Gold Hill .—. 156 Spencer _ 3,129 Granite Quarry .... 507 E. Spencer _ 2,098 Rockwell _ 696 China Grove _ 1,25 8 Faith - 431 Landis _ 1,3 88 Kannapolis _ 13,912 TOWNSHIPS Atwell _ 2,619 Morgan .. 1,327 China Grove_ 8,990 Mt. Ulla —. 1,3 89 Cleveland _ 1,445 Providence - 2,5 89 Franklin _ 2,246 Salisbury .i.- 25,15 3 Gold Hill _ 2,642 S. Irish _ 1,251 Litaker_ 2,562 Steele - 1,142 Locke_ 1,904 Unity- 1,406 ROWAN COUNTY_56,665 THE FIGHT GOES ON From every section of the country the tax revolt is gaining momentum. Every day of Congressional action finds the people, and champions of the people, making more deter mined fights to get federal expenses cut to a reasonable sum. Protests are reaching the ears of the law makers, and wher£ Congress a few short weeks ago was talking only of more taxes, we now find its memebrs looking to plans for cutting the costs. To be sure, the people know that the budget must be balanced. But they are in a mood to hold somebody responsible for unbalancing it. They know, too, that there are two ways to balance budgets, and that one of them is to re duce expenses. They also know that the government must pay its running expenses. But they do not be lieve it is necessary to tax the people to death in order to get enough money to pay the es sential expenses of good government. There are other ways to get funds in an emergency like the present. The Boston Post suggests one: "A bond issue of $'500,000,000 may be nec essary if the Senate believes that business can not stand the drastic House levies. It may be better in the long run to raise part of the mon ey needed this year by a bond issue. The government could borrow money at a very low rate, perhaps as low as 2 1-2 and 3 per cent., if the bonds are made attractive to in vestors. The ordinary bond issue, subject to income, inheritance and gift taxes, would hardly have a wide appeal. The interest rate would need to be around 4 1-2 per cent, to in sure a successful sale, and even then there might be some difficulty in marketing it. "But a bond free from all government taxes, and also receivable at par in payment for taxes imposed by the government, would be absorbed quickly at a low interest rate. "Balancing the budget by extremely heavy tax levies is a painful process in a time of de pression. And the more business is hit, the less revenue to the government from taxation. "Adding to the public debt is frowned upon by the administration and leaders in Congress. Yet, we surely went to extremes in rapid cut ting down of the public debt in the past year, and we might, with a safety, go just a little in he opposite direction. "A bond issue, at any rate, is worth consid ering before we decide this whole question of raising money this year. And a bond issue, to be successful, must be attractive to large in vestors.” It is ridiculous to say that the government cannot cut expenses, for it means certain dis aster unless this is done. We can’t maintain the present system of spending. We can’t con tinue our policy of tax increasing without seri ous effort to curtail. Senator Borah doesn’t al ways speak a language we like but he speaks the truth when he says: "I think that the gentlemen who defeated the sales tax did a fine and patriotic piece of work. Now let us realize that there is one other way of balancing the budget than that of levy ing taxes, and that is to cut governmental ex penses. "If we had entered upon this field of taxa tion, this painless system as they call it, it would have been an invitation for greater gov ernment extravagance. We should balance the budget and we can do it by cutting expenses. "It is said that we cannot cut expenses. I wonder if we have built up a bureaucracy which is master of both the executive and the Congress, and which in this time of distress is not going to share with the taxpayers the bur den they carry?—If we fail to cut expenses, it will be proof positive that bureaucracy is in control of the government.” LEADERSHIP LACKING IN THE WHITE HOUSE Nothing more strikingly demonstrates the lack of leadership in Washington during the Hoover administration than the present plight of the treasury. Year after year we have seen our national government disregad its budget and pile up debt; year after year we have seen income shrink and expenses increase; and year after year Mr. Hoover has offered nothing more than a mild rebuke. A fighting, wide-awake, energetic President would have stopped the dangerous practice of spending more than we were earning right at the start. It will help some to get the matter straightened out now but many of our present ills could have been prevented, and our tax load made much lighter had the Chief Execu tive acted at the beginning instead of waiting until dire disaster itself faces the Nation. "It is an executive responsibility in a case of this kind to endeavor to provide some leader ship in a definite program of action rather than confining remarks to generalities,” as The Greenville News says. "One might turn to the recent histofy of a number of State govern ments and find instances where executive lead ership has come into play courageously and in telligently to bring about legislative approval of drastic reorganization programs that have saved the government substantial sums of mon ey besides providing it with a simpler and more effective machinery. The problem in the federal government is perhaps even more com plicated than in most of the State govern ments, for the federal organization has grown like a mushroom during the last decade or so, acquiring a complicated arrangement of wheels within wheels. The Chief Executive, head of the administrative branch of the government in a more real sense than is the case with the head of the average State government, and dealing more or less directly with all this intri cate mechanism day in and day out, should be in better position to suggest proper names for its simplification than anybody else in the gov ernment. "Mr. Hoover has been head of the federal administration for three years. If, as he indi cates, he is genuinely convinced of the advis ability and feasibility of far-reaching organi zations, the responsibility is clearly upon him to suggest a program. He might, indeed, look to the career of Governor Smith in New York, Governor Byrd in Virginia and Governor Rus sell in Georgia, just to mention a few, for shin ing examples of how a chief executive can take an effective leadership in bringing about intelligent and constructive reorganization for greater economy in the branch of the govern ment for whose administration he is respon sible.” A NEW ORDER OF GOVERNMENT At a meeting in New York, held in the in terest of relief work and charity, the plea for a new order of government was the dominat ing note. Cardinal Hayes expressed it by say ing: "Love of my country and love for our fellow men will be most effective when they impel our leaders in national and in dustrial life to concentrate their thought and effort upon measures to rebuild our economic system on a firmer foundation. "The great classes of our working peo ple depend upon industry for their life. Industry has a duty to them. It must be conducted in a manner which will pro mote the common good.” Governor Franklin Roosevelt, who was one of the principal speakers, said: "You may work untiringly to amass wealth and power for epiirely selfish pur poses, but society cannot endure forever on such foundations, for the whole struc ture of our social life depends on this real ization of the fact of neighborliness, that we must be interested in the welfare of others.” [ Doesn’t It Make You Dizzy? — Br Alhert z RM ■ "—' , === -^UR 1 OElTICAL NIAGARA °T i n ■ ■■■ i _5 + ++♦♦♦*1 +,H,+44,4»l,+i"H,'i'+++'l,4,+ I The I | Watchman j I Tower 1 + + TfTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTT Mr. Grover Marsh, Salisbury, N. C. My dear Mr. Marsh: I desire to commend you on, your spirit of generosity in donating the several score of evergreen trees to the Chestnut Hill cemetery. In the years to come these trees will stand as a silent tribute to the one who was endowed with the true spirit of 1 giving. I feel certain that those who have ' loved ones there, as well as the casual passerby, will have occasion to com ment on your selection of a gift that ; was appropriate to the location. Governor Matthew Rowan. Dr. Howard R. Omwake, President of Catawba College, Salisbury, N. C. My dear Dr. Omwake: I desire to congratulate you upon the decided stand you have taken for the improvement of Catawba College. This institution is dear to the hearts of the citizens of Salisbury, both those who have attended it and those who have done everything in their power to foster it. Under your capable lead ership I feel certain that it will reach untold heights as an educational insti tution. You, with your wide experience in ' the educational field, are highly pre- ‘ pared to supervise this vast field of ' endeavor. I extend to you my heartiest co- 1 operation, and it will be my rare pleas ure to serve you in any capacity pos- 1 sible. ( Governor Matthew Rowan. ' ——— 3 To "A Citizen”: 1 I should have been glad to publish 1 your very interesting letter on this page today, but I could not Mse it be cause you failed to let me know who wrote it. If you will let me know your name, I shall be glad to publish 1 your letter next week, as it is timely : and pertinent, but I cannot make use | of any letter without knowing the ( name of the author. s Governor Matthew Rowan, j Mr. E. B. Jeffress, Chairman, State Highway Commission; Capt. C. D. Farmer, Chief, State Highway Patrol. Gentlemen: . Reports of the past week to the ef fect that the state highway patrol, in its state-wide check-up on school buses, finds many of them defective, em phasize the importance of the work being done to safeguard the tens of thousands of school children who are riding in these vehicles daily. It is highly important that the school buses throughout the state be kept in safe condition the year round. That means they must be inspected frequently and carefully, by compe tent persons. While the state highway patrol is rendering a valuable service in making the inspections, it should not be permanently burdened with th's duty, in view of the small num ber of men in the force, considerably less than an average of a man to the county. The inspection ought to be made by some county authority charged with the responsibility of keeping the buses in safe condition. Governor Matthew Rowan. COMMENTS Plenty Of Capital, But No Market For The Products Of Industry. ]~o the Editor: And now we have the sage Mr. Mills hampioning the cause of the overtaxed ich man. Because of a small taxation >n stock transfers, estates, incomes in he higher brackets, etc., the proposed aw would stifle the flow of capital nto industry, he says. Will some one isk Mr. Mills why he wants capital to low into industry. At the present ime it appears that it is flooded. He ertainly can’t mean that capital will )ut its money into industry for the ;ake of putting labor back to work, mowing as he does that there is no narket for the products of industry. What we need is buying power, not iive:>uneniiLLie more money in :he hands of millions of spenders, not nillions in the hands of a few mves :ors. Let the big boys pay the piper ind keep hands off the few dollars abor has to spend. If big industry would do some of the Lings Mr. Mills insinuates, that is, jutting some-of its capital into in lustry in the form of employing ad litional help, thereby restoring confi lence among the, workers, we would velcome his suggestions; but try to ind such an industry. There is no lack of capital, as wit lessed by the recent oversubscription if Government bonds. There is a de eded lack of buying power, so let a ;ood tax bill go through and stop all his sympathetic mollycoddling of the >oor rich man. C. D. A Veteran’s Com plaint. ro the Editor: Please allow me a little space in your raluable paper, to express a few words bout the bonus. To begin with, I ex iect to benefit by the bonus to the xtent of about $600, now that isn’t uch a great amount of money to some leople but to me it is. It is only nat HIS OLD MOSS TILL THEY PUT A TAX ON OATS ... A STARLING’S SPRING RONDEL By James Cousins I clink my castanet And beat my little drum; For Spring at last has come, And on my parapet Of chestnut, gummy-wet, Where bees begin to hum, I clink my Castanet, And beat my little drum. "Spring goes,” you say, "suns set.” So be it! Why be glum? Enough, the spring has come; And without fear or fret I clink my castanet, And beat my little drum. ural for me to want what belongs to me. During tihe time I was in the ser vice of my country, I received the magnificent sum of $33 a month and this so-called bonus is the difference between $33 a month and what the most common day labor was getting at that time. Last year when we were granted the privilege of borrowing half of our own money, I did, being out of work at that time. Now times being as it is I can’t pay it back, so if it is not paid now, I might as well forget it, because the interest will eat up the balance. Now that is high finance, but a very shabby way for such a great country as this is, to treat its ex-soldier’s who served so well in its service. No one denies that the veterans claim is right, so why not pay him now when it will do the most good. This money put into circulation at this time will go a long way towards restoring prosperity, it will enable the veteran to pay up his debts, to buy ood and clothing, to pay on that mortgage on a home, to do a hundred things that are out of reach now, as so many of us are out of work and nearly out of mind trying to make both ends meet. It won’t only help the veteran but everybody will benefit, because the money will be put back into circula tion, and that is what is needed. Mon ey spent with the farmer, the grocer man, the clothier, the real estate man, in fact everybody is the only way pros perity will ever return. Pay it now and we will all benefit. M. L. Mr-T WTVD r PROMPT SERVICE ■ FU u'?!lier: "Are y°u sufe this milk is fresh? Milkman: "Lady, half an hour ago it was grass!” ° Do you know what POPPY DAY means?