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Labor Calls For Concerted Action To Provide Work
Shorter Week Is Being Urged American Federation of Labor Holding 5 2nd Annual Conven tion In Cincinnati Warning, that a deep feeling of revolt against a situation that denies workers a chance to earn a living exis'e^yte in America today was is sued by the executive council of the American Federation of Labor as sober-faced delegates gathered in Cincinnati to decide policies for the coming year. The unrest is world-wide, the council said, and in other countries is so severe as to threaten existing institutions. The body made a plea for constructive leadership in the difficulties ahead and empha sized that responsibility will fall upon organized labor for co-operat ing in finding a solution to unem ployment ills. The 5 2nd annual convention of the American Federation of Labor opened recently, the council said, "with 11,000,000 unemployed, a breakdown in our business struc ture, millions of unemployed in other countries and world trade at low ebb.” The report recommended: 1. The necessity of increasing buying power. 2. A five day, 40 hour week or a six-hour day with a 36 hour week. 3. Emergency construction build ing to absorb unemployment. 4. Adequate unemployment re lief aid. 5. Unemployment insurance. 6. Modification of the Volstead act to permit legalization of 2.75 per cent beer. 2,000,000 Children Have Jobs Appeal To Put Them Back In School To Release Work \ A widespread campaign to re move more than 2,000,000 child ren from employment by putting ■ them back into schools so that I "jobs may be given the ten to * eleven million adluts” now in des r perate need of work,” was an nounced by the national child labor committee. ' 3,000,000 Out Of School The committee released a state L m. ) carrying the signature of I Dr. Mary E. Woolley, president of Mt. Holyoke College and delegates to the Geneva disarmament confer ence; Senator Arthur Capper of Kansas, the Rev. S. Parks Cadman, William Allen White, Williams Green, president of the American Federation of Labor, among others. "Over 3,000,000 children from 7 to 17 years of age are out of school, and over 2,000,000 boys and girls of this age are gainfully employed, while from 10,000,000 to 11,000,000 adults are in desper ate need of work,” the statement said, continuing: "If order is to replace chaos in our economic life, it is of the high est importance that our children of today should have the right pre paratioh to take their part tomor row in the life, labor and politics of their time. More, rather than t less, schooling is requisite not only as an immediate relief for the over crowded labor market but as an aid in preparing young people tc qualify for types of work that are | more than footless routine wher rimes are better. *'We earnestly appeal to leaders everywhere to join in pressing to ward the removal from industry I rchildren below 16; a higher ag£ r .or leaving school;, promotion of ; 'educational standards; and vigor ! 0Us defence of the schools against unwarranted or injudicious use ol funds.” DROPS DEAD IN MILK LINE Bridegport, Conn.—Death sep •• arated a poverty stricken elderly I couple here when George Levasseui * dropped dead in the milk line at St Im Augustine’s School while waiting ■ to obtain the daily ration of sus tenance for himself and his wife. Levasseur had apparently been ir good health until the moment oi ■ his collapse. He and his wife hac been cared for by the welfare de partment of the city for some time B KILLED IN COLLISION Vjf Nelson Loftin, 26, Mt. Holly ■ ■vas killed and Lillian Bynum Bp charlotte, badly hurt in collisioi || of their car with that of Will Jor ML dan, Mt Holly. Jordan was heh JB pe- -ling a hearing. iLfcTAe WEEK'S NEWS IF I N D 14-YEAR OLD RUNAWAY— A continent-wide search for runaway Ross McDiarmid, son of the Manito ba minister of — mines, ended when police of Willough by, Ohio, picked him up at the point of collapse. He left home with $1 to see the world, and is shown telling his story to Chief of Police Myers._ SPURN STAGE —Although they have all been musical comedy or light opera stars, Katharine Cavalli, Margaret Speaks and Doro thy Greeley (top to bottom), found the stage has very little to offer these days: So they formed the Hummingbirds’ Trio and went on the airwaves. A fat contract sign ed this week proved them right. [GERMAN CRUISER HERE—The cruiser Karls ruhe, the first German war ship to. visit these shores since the war, arrived on the east coast for courtesy visit. Photo shows the Karlsruhe steaming up Delaware River for Phila delphia stay. .4 i -I. . txxxxx;x>IE2k®*->: RUMORED ENGAGED TO PRINCE—A new portrait of Prin cess Ingrid of Sweden, Europe’s most talked about royal lady since her name was coupled this week with that of Prince George of Great Britain^Mfcg._ BEAUTY IN REPOSE —Re clining comfortably, Joan Ben nett models her new evening gown of angel skin, with sable wrap ready to be worn. r ~ Hill BOON TO BRIDGE-PLAYERS—This ingenious bridge r W table, which shuffles and deals cards flawlessly by elec ' tricity, was the high spot of the National Bridge Exposl- '. tion in New York this week. Photo shows the table, with top removed, being demonstrated by its inventor, Laurens Hammond, Chicago electric clock manufacturer. Cards are put in sliding drawer and dealt out to slot before each player, with misdeal or bad shuffle impossible. I Do Not Like The Depression I had always been able to enjoy common everyday food until the depression. I still enjoy it when I can get. I never got high-hat be cause all too frequently I have been a witness to that adversity that has overtaken and overpowered the best men and women in every walk of life. Observation on my part has kept me closely in touch with the uncertainties of worldly things, as well as life itself, that a nibble of prosperity never elated me a bove my friends. I cannot neglect my work now as I did in the prosperous years. Money came easy then and the bill collector never was permitted the opportunity to become acquainted with me I paid by check and took my discounts. Now, I work dili gently as the devil, and if the bill collector gets acquainted he’s go ing to have to catch me. My work is harder and takes more of my time, because my brain is be fuddled and won’t get down to one thing at a time. Trying to keep the wolf from peeking through the back door keyhole and the sheriff out of the front yard is even causing a grayish hue to take form around the bald on my head. I don’t like the depression. When I visit with my friends I get as blue as indigo. Three years ago they were, for the most part, pros perous and optimistici. Today they are puzzled, downcast, and broke, they are just as worthy as they ever were but they are in the strong grasp of privation. They are not' mentally or physically fit to fathom such a condition. I don’t enjoy dropping into the store for a visit as it isn’t like it used to be. Times was when we met with open hearts and minds and somebody "set-’em-up.” Now everybody "sets down” and drinks , in with gusto the pessimistic out , bursts of the office-seeking politi L cian and the optimistic hasn’t a . look in. I don’t like the depres 1 sion. I have always been acquainted with my neighbors but somehow we’re not as happy and carefree as we used to be. Our greetings are just as cordial but there’s that "something that comes with a de pression” that inwardly craves se clusion, and the cup of life isn’t quite so full or sweet as it used to be. When we do get together our conversation usually carries us into the realm of racketeers, bootleg gers, kidnapers, and the terrible ness of suicide among the younger set. Some are too young to under stand, and the others not sufficient ly mature to withstand the pro blems that a depression brings— and then our gatherings convert themselves into veritable night mares. We don’t like the depres sion. My wife and I have never got ten stuck up or high falutin’. We use the old family bed, as I much prefer that she plants her cold feet in my anatomy and use my spine for a chill tatoo, than to waste the fuel to heat water or a flat iton. Her snoring has always been sweet music to my ears. We learned in the good old days that "for better or for worse” had its sinister meaning and we are hold ing firm even against! adversity. But somehow our home isn’t like it used to be and I have to do odd jobs myself to deprive the fel low worker. It never was a natur al habit with us. We don’t like the depression. It gives me a pain in the region of my Adam’s apple to hear people rave about burdensome taxation. It’s becoming the leading pastime, and it’s irksome. People don’t care a tinker’s darn about taxation. They know it won’t help their condition to throw more and more people out of jobs. What the tax payer really wants is a good, fat job for everybody so that wheat will command at least a dollar, pork 12 cents to IS cents on the hoof and cream hovering around SO cents. Beans at S cents a pound would make that tax bill look about as prominent as gnat s eyebrow, and eggs at 45 cents a dozen would put mirthful creases on the taxpayer’s visage that you couldn’t wipe off with sandpaper. For years I have gone to church. The minister’s sermons are good, but somehow it isn’t like it was in the pre-depression days. Depres sion hits right at folk’s vitals and they seem to lose the faith and complain that the Lord has for gotten them. The truth no doubt is the reverse—they have fallen victims of the depression and can’t think of anything else when they concentrate enough to think at all. My Bible doesn’t teach me that God is arrogant, vicious and vengeful. God is love, but many will insist that the depression is a rebuke. It isn’t a healthful situa tion when folks lose their Chris tianity through misunderstanding. The church doesn’t like the de pression. I am an optimist, I love to see people smile. I think there is nothing nicer than a comfortable, Christian home. If I wasn’t an optimist I couldn’t make myself believe that the depression would soon pass and be forgotten, but I know it will as it is simply the re sult of man’s error. Want, misery suffering and sorrow are not the works of God, but of greed, avar ice and "depression.” And I know you will not blame me when I re peat "I don’t like the depression.” —Hoivard Africa DEAL IN INSECT EGGS Sydney, Australlia.—Australia has closed a big deal in insect eggs with South Africa. Castoblastis were introduced into Australlia from South America to eat up the cactus. They did their task so well that thousands of their des cendants are to make a journey to South Africa to eat up the cactus there. ' NOTE TELLS OF DEATH Cleveland.—A distributor of circulars walked up to the home of Rank Bauer, 40, and saw a note on the mail box. It read: "Please chllj police. Dead man inside1.” Police found Bauer’s body, a shot gun by its side. Watchman And Four Magazines For One Dollar One year’s subscription to The Watchman and four monthly magazines of national prominence for the sum of one dollar’is now possible under arrangements just completed with the publishers. This offer, undoubtedly one of the best ever made by the publish ers, is explained in an advertise ment appearing elsewhere in the columns of this paper. Under one plan you may—for the sum of one dollar—obtain a year’s subscription to The Watch man, Progressive Farmer, The Farm Journal and the Country Home. Or, if) you prefer, ytou may may obtain The Watchman, Southern Agriculturist, Country Home and the Farm Journal all for one year for one dollar. Mail remittance direct to The Watchman, Salisbury, N. C., ad vising which group you prefer,and the paper and magazines will begin coming to you. The Watchman weekly and the others monthly. This offer stands good for only a limited time and you are urged to take advantage of it as early as possible. Russia Is Becoming Less Red New York.—Communism is on the wane in Russia under the Soviet regime and may in time be entirely displaced by a more stable system, Professor Herbert O. Elft man of Seth Low Junior College said following his return from a tour of Russia. Worker Better Off "In spite of the inconsistencies between theory and practice and regardless 'of the incomparable poverty of the Russian people com pared to that of any other Euro pean country, one can not help feeling that the factory worker, at least, is definitely better off in Russia oday than lie ever was be fore,” he said. "That communism should receive nhe entire credit for this improvement is patiently absurd. Industrialization ' 'under other auspices could have gone a long way towards bettering the lot of the people in general.” System In Evolution Professor Elftman observed that the present governmental system has such a strong psychological hold on the people that there is no prospect of its violent overthrow from within, but added that a gra dual process of evolution is quite evident. "Far reaching changes in econo mic policy and in educational me thods are made frequently,” he ex plained. "With such an unpreced ented fertility of changes and var iations, natural sejfcction will doubtless, in time, mold a more stable system. "Just what type of system that will be we can only conjecture. That it will be everf further from a true communism than is the pre sent system is apparent, that it can shake off the chains of bureau cracy seems doubtful; that Mae thory will be superb goes without question.” Russian Optimism Boundless The boundless optimism of the Russian is the most impressive fea ture of the nation, Professor Elft man said. They look upon their troubles and privation as auguries of better things to come, and live with an "all pervading” material istic outlook, he added. "He is satisfied that every phase of his existence can be explained and governed by the principles of materialism,” Professor Elftman said. "Even art cannot be consid ered except as a manifestation of economic principles. One of the world’s most precious collections of modern art, that ir^ Moscow, has been rearranged to serve as an illustrated textbook of 'economic history. "A cardinal factor in the psy chology of Russia is the boundless faith which the people have in their present social and political organization,”^ still called by most of them, communism. Coupled with this faith is the conviction that the rest of the world is slow ly but surely trending towards a similar organization,, a goal to be attained finally by revolutionary upheaval:” !^=SSBSB9« ZHow to play Bridge AUCTION w CONTRACT Wynne Ferguson Author of "PRACTICAL AUCTION BRIDGE* - Copyright, 1931, by Hoyle, Jr. ARTICLE No. 18 No matter how long you have played Auction or Contract, something novel and interesting always is coming up. There are no other card games that have their infinite possibilities and that is probably why they have retained the interest of the public over such a long period of time. Every hand is different and the bidding and play of each one is a separate and distinct problem. All that any writer or teacher can do is to point out the way and it is up to the player to adapt what he has learned to each particular hand. This, of course, is not easy, but, if a player is really serious and sincere in his desire to improve, there is no better way than by an analysis of various hands that bring out points of play and bidding that every one should thoroughly un derstand. The following hands came up in actual play and all during one evening. They are all novel, interesting and instructive: Hand No. 1 Hearts — Q, 9, 8, 6, S, 3 Clubs — 8,4 Diamonds — A, 7 Spades — A, 8, 6 Y : : A B : : Z : No score, first game. Z dealt and bid one club, A one heart and Y doubled. B now bid one spade and Z and A passed. What should Y now bid and why, at either Auction or Contract? Hand No. 2 Hearts — 8, S Clubs — 7, 2 Diamonds— K, J, 9, 5, 2 Spades — Q, 8, 4, 3 Hearts — Q, 10, 9 -. Clubs—A, Q, 10, 8, 6, 3 : Y : Diamonds — Q, 10, 7 : A B : Spades — 9 : Z : No score, rubber game. Z dealt and bid one no trump, A bid two clubs, Y passed, B bid two no trump and all passed. Z opened the five of spades, A played the nine, Y the queen and B won the trick with the ace. B now led the king of clubs, followed with jack, winning the trick in A’s hand with the queen. All followed so that the clubs are set up. B then led the ace of clubs. What should Y discard and why? Hand No. 3 Hearts — 10, 9, 7, 6, 4 Clubs — A, K, 10 Diamonds — A, Q, 10, 9 Spades — 3 : Y s : A B : t Z : No score, first game. Z dealt and bid one spade and A passed. What should Y now bid with the foregoing hand and why, at either Auction or Contract? Hand No. 4 ■- Hearts — 7 : Y : Clubs — Q : A B : Diamonds — J, 10, 9, 4, 2 : Z : Spades — A, Q, 10, 9, 5, 3 No score and A B a game in. Z dealt and passed. A and Y passed and B bid one spade. Z bid two hearts, A two spades, Y three hearts and B three spades. Z now bid four hearts, A four spades and Y five hearts. B and Z passed, A doubled, and Y passed. What should B now bid and why, at either Auction or Contract? Hand No. 5 Hearts — A Clubs — 8, 4, 2 Diamonds — A, 5 Spades — J, 9, 8, 7, 6,4, 3 . No score, rubber game. Z dealt and bid one spade. A passed, Y bid one no trump and B _and Z passed. What should A bid with the foregoing hand and why, either at Auction or at j Contract? An analysis of the foregoing hands will be given in the next article. The way to obtain the best results from a study of these hands is to write out your own opinion in each instance and then compare your analysis with the writer’s. Even if you don't agree,, a comparison of his arguments and opin ion with your own will prove invalu able. Every hand is selected because it brings out a principle of play or bidding that should be thoroughly understood by every player so an analysis is bound I to be helpful. Ordered Wife To Steal From Guest, She Says Salem.—When her husband, Henry S. Kent of Peabody, lum bered into their home in this city one night accompanied by two men who were decidedly under the influence of liquor, and order ed her to "roll” one of the guests to obtain his money, Mrs. Irene Kent of Boston strenuously object ed, she told Judge Harry R. Dow in the Essex County Probate Court here in seeking a divorce. Refused, She Says "I told him that although I was his slave I was not going to be a thief for him,” declared the wife, who charged that Kent was cruel and abusive toward her. "My hus band remembered what I had said, and the next morning he beat me.” Mrs. Kent, who was married at Peabody, May 12, 1923, testified that her husband made her remove their three children from a bed and allow the two strangers to lie down because "they were tired and needed sleep.” She put the children in her bed dutifully, but when Kent informed her that one of his cronies had a large sum of money in his watch pocket and com manded her to pilfer it, she re fused to obey him, the wife as serted. "Drunk For Eight Days” Testimony revealed that during the 13 months that the Kents re sided at 1 Bridge street, Salem, the husband was drunk for a year. Corroborating witnesses told Jud ge Dow that there was "a brawl every night in the home,” and that Kent was constantly inebriated. One witness declared that he was "drunk for eight days the week be fore Easter.” Mrs. Kent, who accused her husband of habitual intoxication as well as nteglect to provide, main tained that he entered their home one night at 11 o’clock while they were living at 7 Winter strett, Peabody, and demanded a change of underclothing because he was going out to attend a party. When she refused to comply with his wishes, she asserted, Kent threw her to the floor and raised his foot to kick her in the face. He then locked her out of the house, she testified. Other Stories Of Alleged Abuse Returnirfg to their home after attending a movie show in March, 1929, the wife declared, she dis covered bottles strewn all about the place. Kent and a strange wo man were there, she maintained, both the worse for liquor. The children were crying, Mrs. Kent said. Black and blue marks on her body were what she received when she objected to Kent’s tak ing the last 5 0 cenjts out of the house in January, 1925, it was testified, and on another occasion it was testified the husband pulled Mrs. Kent and the children out of their beds, slapping all of them as he did. The wife, who said that she resides at 297 East treet, Elm wood, told the court that dishes and furniture were broken by Kent in the early morning hours at times when he would come into the house intoxicated. Once he picked up a crib, in which their infant child was sleeping near a stove because it was ill with pneu monia, and let the child’s bed drop to the floor forcibly, according to Mrs. Kent. Kent did not contest the case, and the court reserved decision. NEW STATE TREASURER John P. Steadman last week re signed his post as state treasurer to become manager of the Raleigh regional agricultural credit bank. Charles M. Johnson, director of the local government commission, was at once named treasurer by Governor Max Gardner. He will serve the entire four-yeair t(erm to which Stedman was elected on November 8. W. E. Easterling, who has been assistant to Johnson, was temporarily named to succeed him on the local government com mission. GRANDA DRAFTS LABOR Granda, Spain.—The City Coun cil has decreed that each able bodied citizen must aid municipal development with pick and shovel fifteen days out of each year or pay proxies for the work. Recal citrants will be fined and all mon ey received will go to the unem ployed.