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Carolina watchman. [volume] (Salisbury, N.C.) 1871-1937, December 02, 1932, Image 3

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Labor Calls For Concerted Action To Provide Work
Shorter Week
Is Being Urged
American Federation of Labor
Holding 5 2nd Annual Conven
tion In Cincinnati
Warning, that a deep feeling of
revolt against a situation that denies
workers a chance to earn a living
exis'e^yte in America today was is
sued by the executive council of
the American Federation of Labor
as sober-faced delegates gathered
in Cincinnati to decide policies for
the coming year.
The unrest is world-wide, the
council said, and in other countries
is so severe as to threaten existing
institutions. The body made a
plea for constructive leadership in
the difficulties ahead and empha
sized that responsibility will fall
upon organized labor for co-operat
ing in finding a solution to unem
ployment ills.
The 5 2nd annual convention of
the American Federation of Labor
opened recently, the council said,
"with 11,000,000 unemployed, a
breakdown in our business struc
ture, millions of unemployed in
other countries and world trade at
low ebb.”
The report recommended:
1. The necessity of increasing
buying power.
2. A five day, 40 hour week or a
six-hour day with a 36 hour week.
3. Emergency construction build
ing to absorb unemployment.
4. Adequate unemployment re
lief aid.
5. Unemployment insurance.
6. Modification of the Volstead
act to permit legalization of 2.75
per cent beer.
Have Jobs
Appeal To Put Them Back In
School To Release Work
\ A widespread campaign to re
move more than 2,000,000 child
ren from employment by putting
■ them back into schools so that
I "jobs may be given the ten to
* eleven million adluts” now in des
r perate need of work,” was an
nounced by the national child labor
' 3,000,000 Out Of School
The committee released a state
L m. ) carrying the signature of
I Dr. Mary E. Woolley, president of
Mt. Holyoke College and delegates
to the Geneva disarmament confer
ence; Senator Arthur Capper of
Kansas, the Rev. S. Parks Cadman,
William Allen White, Williams
Green, president of the American
Federation of Labor, among others.
"Over 3,000,000 children from
7 to 17 years of age are out of
school, and over 2,000,000 boys
and girls of this age are gainfully
employed, while from 10,000,000
to 11,000,000 adults are in desper
ate need of work,” the statement
said, continuing:
"If order is to replace chaos in
our economic life, it is of the high
est importance that our children
of today should have the right pre
paratioh to take their part tomor
row in the life, labor and politics
of their time. More, rather than
t less, schooling is requisite not only
as an immediate relief for the over
crowded labor market but as an
aid in preparing young people tc
qualify for types of work that are
| more than footless routine wher
rimes are better.
*'We earnestly appeal to leaders
everywhere to join in pressing to
ward the removal from industry
I rchildren below 16; a higher ag£
r .or leaving school;, promotion of
; 'educational standards; and vigor
! 0Us defence of the schools against
unwarranted or injudicious use ol
Bridegport, Conn.—Death sep
•• arated a poverty stricken elderly
I couple here when George Levasseui
* dropped dead in the milk line at St
Im Augustine’s School while waiting
■ to obtain the daily ration of sus
tenance for himself and his wife.
Levasseur had apparently been ir
good health until the moment oi
■ his collapse. He and his wife hac
been cared for by the welfare de
partment of the city for some time
Vjf Nelson Loftin, 26, Mt. Holly
■ ■vas killed and Lillian Bynum
Bp charlotte, badly hurt in collisioi
|| of their car with that of Will Jor
ML dan, Mt Holly. Jordan was heh
JB pe- -ling a hearing.
A continent-wide
search for runaway
Ross McDiarmid,
son of the Manito
ba minister of
— mines, ended when
police of Willough
by, Ohio, picked
him up at the point
of collapse. He left
home with $1 to see
the world, and is
shown telling his
story to Chief of
Police Myers._
—Although they
have all been
musical comedy
or light opera
stars, Katharine
Cavalli, Margaret
Speaks and Doro
thy Greeley (top
to bottom), found
the stage has very
little to offer
these days: So
they formed the
Trio and went on
the airwaves. A
fat contract sign
ed this week
proved them right.
HERE—The cruiser Karls
ruhe, the first German war
ship to. visit these shores
since the war, arrived on
the east coast for courtesy
visit. Photo shows the
Karlsruhe steaming up
Delaware River for Phila
delphia stay. .4
i -I. .
PRINCE—A new portrait of Prin
cess Ingrid of Sweden, Europe’s
most talked about royal lady since
her name was coupled this week
with that of Prince George of
Great Britain^Mfcg._
clining comfortably, Joan Ben
nett models her new evening
gown of angel skin, with sable
wrap ready to be worn.
r ~ Hill
BOON TO BRIDGE-PLAYERS—This ingenious bridge r
W table, which shuffles and deals cards flawlessly by elec
' tricity, was the high spot of the National Bridge Exposl- '.
tion in New York this week. Photo shows the table, with
top removed, being demonstrated by its inventor, Laurens
Hammond, Chicago electric clock manufacturer. Cards
are put in sliding drawer and dealt out to slot before each
player, with misdeal or bad shuffle impossible.
I Do Not Like
The Depression
I had always been able to enjoy
common everyday food until the
depression. I still enjoy it when I
can get. I never got high-hat be
cause all too frequently I have been
a witness to that adversity that has
overtaken and overpowered the
best men and women in every walk
of life. Observation on my part
has kept me closely in touch with
the uncertainties of worldly things,
as well as life itself, that a nibble
of prosperity never elated me a
bove my friends.
I cannot neglect my work now
as I did in the prosperous years.
Money came easy then and the bill
collector never was permitted the
opportunity to become acquainted
with me I paid by check and took
my discounts. Now, I work dili
gently as the devil, and if the bill
collector gets acquainted he’s go
ing to have to catch me. My
work is harder and takes more of
my time, because my brain is be
fuddled and won’t get down to
one thing at a time. Trying to keep
the wolf from peeking through
the back door keyhole and the
sheriff out of the front yard is
even causing a grayish hue to take
form around the bald on my head.
I don’t like the depression.
When I visit with my friends I get
as blue as indigo. Three years ago
they were, for the most part, pros
perous and optimistici. Today they
are puzzled, downcast, and broke,
they are just as worthy as they
ever were but they are in the
strong grasp of privation. They
are not' mentally or physically fit
to fathom such a condition.
I don’t enjoy dropping into the
store for a visit as it isn’t like it
used to be. Times was when we
met with open hearts and minds
and somebody "set-’em-up.” Now
everybody "sets down” and drinks
, in with gusto the pessimistic out
, bursts of the office-seeking politi
L cian and the optimistic hasn’t a
. look in. I don’t like the depres
1 sion.
I have always been acquainted
with my neighbors but somehow
we’re not as happy and carefree as
we used to be. Our greetings are
just as cordial but there’s that
"something that comes with a de
pression” that inwardly craves se
clusion, and the cup of life isn’t
quite so full or sweet as it used to
be. When we do get together our
conversation usually carries us into
the realm of racketeers, bootleg
gers, kidnapers, and the terrible
ness of suicide among the younger
set. Some are too young to under
stand, and the others not sufficient
ly mature to withstand the pro
blems that a depression brings—
and then our gatherings convert
themselves into veritable night
mares. We don’t like the depres
My wife and I have never got
ten stuck up or high falutin’. We
use the old family bed, as I much
prefer that she plants her cold
feet in my anatomy and use my
spine for a chill tatoo, than to
waste the fuel to heat water or a
flat iton. Her snoring has always
been sweet music to my ears. We
learned in the good old days that
"for better or for worse” had its
sinister meaning and we are hold
ing firm even against! adversity.
But somehow our home isn’t like
it used to be and I have to do
odd jobs myself to deprive the fel
low worker. It never was a natur
al habit with us. We don’t like
the depression.
It gives me a pain in the region
of my Adam’s apple to hear people
rave about burdensome taxation.
It’s becoming the leading pastime,
and it’s irksome. People don’t care
a tinker’s darn about taxation.
They know it won’t help their
condition to throw more and more
people out of jobs. What the tax
payer really wants is a good, fat
job for everybody so that wheat
will command at least a dollar,
pork 12 cents to IS cents on the
hoof and cream hovering around
SO cents. Beans at S cents a
pound would make that tax bill
look about as prominent as gnat s
eyebrow, and eggs at 45 cents a
dozen would put mirthful creases
on the taxpayer’s visage that you
couldn’t wipe off with sandpaper.
For years I have gone to church.
The minister’s sermons are good,
but somehow it isn’t like it was
in the pre-depression days. Depres
sion hits right at folk’s vitals and
they seem to lose the faith and
complain that the Lord has for
gotten them. The truth no doubt
is the reverse—they have fallen
victims of the depression and can’t
think of anything else when they
concentrate enough to think at
all. My Bible doesn’t teach me
that God is arrogant, vicious and
vengeful. God is love, but many
will insist that the depression is a
rebuke. It isn’t a healthful situa
tion when folks lose their Chris
tianity through misunderstanding.
The church doesn’t like the de
I am an optimist, I love to see
people smile. I think there is
nothing nicer than a comfortable,
Christian home. If I wasn’t an
optimist I couldn’t make myself
believe that the depression would
soon pass and be forgotten, but I
know it will as it is simply the re
sult of man’s error. Want, misery
suffering and sorrow are not the
works of God, but of greed, avar
ice and "depression.” And I know
you will not blame me when I re
peat "I don’t like the depression.”
—Hoivard Africa
Sydney, Australlia.—Australia
has closed a big deal in insect eggs
with South Africa. Castoblastis
were introduced into Australlia
from South America to eat up the
cactus. They did their task so
well that thousands of their des
cendants are to make a journey to
South Africa to eat up the cactus
Cleveland.—A distributor of
circulars walked up to the home
of Rank Bauer, 40, and saw a note
on the mail box. It read: "Please
chllj police. Dead man inside1.”
Police found Bauer’s body, a shot
gun by its side.
Watchman And
Four Magazines
For One Dollar
One year’s subscription to The
Watchman and four monthly
magazines of national prominence
for the sum of one dollar’is now
possible under arrangements just
completed with the publishers.
This offer, undoubtedly one of
the best ever made by the publish
ers, is explained in an advertise
ment appearing elsewhere in the
columns of this paper.
Under one plan you may—for
the sum of one dollar—obtain a
year’s subscription to The Watch
man, Progressive Farmer, The
Farm Journal and the Country
Home. Or, if) you prefer, ytou
may may obtain The Watchman,
Southern Agriculturist, Country
Home and the Farm Journal all
for one year for one dollar.
Mail remittance direct to The
Watchman, Salisbury, N. C., ad
vising which group you prefer,and
the paper and magazines will begin
coming to you. The Watchman
weekly and the others monthly.
This offer stands good for only
a limited time and you are urged
to take advantage of it as early as
Russia Is
Less Red
New York.—Communism is on
the wane in Russia under the
Soviet regime and may in time be
entirely displaced by a more stable
system, Professor Herbert O. Elft
man of Seth Low Junior College
said following his return from a
tour of Russia.
Worker Better Off
"In spite of the inconsistencies
between theory and practice and
regardless 'of the incomparable
poverty of the Russian people com
pared to that of any other Euro
pean country, one can not help
feeling that the factory worker,
at least, is definitely better off in
Russia oday than lie ever was be
fore,” he said. "That communism
should receive nhe entire credit
for this improvement is patiently
absurd. Industrialization ' 'under
other auspices could have gone a
long way towards bettering the
lot of the people in general.”
System In Evolution
Professor Elftman observed that
the present governmental system
has such a strong psychological
hold on the people that there is no
prospect of its violent overthrow
from within, but added that a gra
dual process of evolution is quite
"Far reaching changes in econo
mic policy and in educational me
thods are made frequently,” he ex
plained. "With such an unpreced
ented fertility of changes and var
iations, natural sejfcction will
doubtless, in time, mold a more
stable system.
"Just what type of system that
will be we can only conjecture.
That it will be everf further from
a true communism than is the pre
sent system is apparent, that it
can shake off the chains of bureau
cracy seems doubtful; that Mae
thory will be superb goes without
Russian Optimism Boundless
The boundless optimism of the
Russian is the most impressive fea
ture of the nation, Professor Elft
man said. They look upon their
troubles and privation as auguries
of better things to come, and live
with an "all pervading” material
istic outlook, he added.
"He is satisfied that every phase
of his existence can be explained
and governed by the principles of
materialism,” Professor Elftman
said. "Even art cannot be consid
ered except as a manifestation of
economic principles. One of the
world’s most precious collections
of modern art, that ir^ Moscow,
has been rearranged to serve as an
illustrated textbook of 'economic
"A cardinal factor in the psy
chology of Russia is the boundless
faith which the people have in
their present social and political
organization,”^ still called by most
of them, communism. Coupled
with this faith is the conviction
that the rest of the world is slow
ly but surely trending towards a
similar organization,, a goal to be
attained finally by revolutionary
ZHow to play Bridge
Wynne Ferguson
Copyright, 1931, by Hoyle, Jr.
No matter how long you have played
Auction or Contract, something novel
and interesting always is coming up.
There are no other card games that
have their infinite possibilities and that
is probably why they have retained the
interest of the public over such a long
period of time. Every hand is different
and the bidding and play of each one is
a separate and distinct problem. All
that any writer or teacher can do is to
point out the way and it is up to the
player to adapt what he has learned to
each particular hand. This, of course,
is not easy, but, if a player is really
serious and sincere in his desire to
improve, there is no better way than
by an analysis of various hands that
bring out points of play and bidding
that every one should thoroughly un
derstand. The following hands came
up in actual play and all during one
evening. They are all novel, interesting
and instructive:
Hand No. 1
Hearts — Q, 9, 8, 6, S, 3
Clubs — 8,4
Diamonds — A, 7
Spades — A, 8, 6
Y :
: A B :
: Z :
No score, first game. Z dealt and bid
one club, A one heart and Y doubled.
B now bid one spade and Z and A
passed. What should Y now bid and
why, at either Auction or Contract?
Hand No. 2
Hearts — 8, S
Clubs — 7, 2
Diamonds— K, J, 9, 5, 2
Spades — Q, 8, 4, 3
Hearts — Q, 10, 9 -.
Clubs—A, Q, 10, 8, 6, 3 : Y :
Diamonds — Q, 10, 7 : A B :
Spades — 9 : Z :
No score, rubber game. Z dealt and
bid one no trump, A bid two clubs, Y
passed, B bid two no trump and all
passed. Z opened the five of spades, A
played the nine, Y the queen and B
won the trick with the ace. B now led
the king of clubs, followed with jack,
winning the trick in A’s hand with the
queen. All followed so that the clubs
are set up. B then led the ace of clubs.
What should Y discard and why?
Hand No. 3
Hearts — 10, 9, 7, 6, 4
Clubs — A, K, 10
Diamonds — A, Q, 10, 9
Spades — 3
: Y s
: A B :
t Z :
No score, first game. Z dealt and bid
one spade and A passed. What should
Y now bid with the foregoing hand and
why, at either Auction or Contract?
Hand No. 4
■- Hearts — 7
: Y : Clubs — Q
: A B : Diamonds — J, 10, 9, 4, 2
: Z : Spades — A, Q, 10, 9, 5, 3
No score and A B a game in. Z dealt
and passed. A and Y passed and B bid
one spade. Z bid two hearts, A two
spades, Y three hearts and B three
spades. Z now bid four hearts, A four
spades and Y five hearts. B and Z
passed, A doubled, and Y passed.
What should B now bid and why, at
either Auction or Contract?
Hand No. 5
Hearts — A
Clubs — 8, 4, 2
Diamonds — A, 5
Spades — J, 9, 8, 7, 6,4, 3
. No score, rubber game. Z dealt and
bid one spade. A passed, Y bid one no
trump and B _and Z passed. What
should A bid with the foregoing hand
and why, either at Auction or at
j Contract?
An analysis of the foregoing hands
will be given in the next article. The
way to obtain the best results from a
study of these hands is to write out
your own opinion in each instance and
then compare your analysis with the
writer’s. Even if you don't agree,, a
comparison of his arguments and opin
ion with your own will prove invalu
able. Every hand is selected because it
brings out a principle of play or bidding
that should be thoroughly understood
by every player so an analysis is bound
I to be helpful.
Ordered Wife To Steal
From Guest, She Says
Salem.—When her husband,
Henry S. Kent of Peabody, lum
bered into their home in this city
one night accompanied by two
men who were decidedly under
the influence of liquor, and order
ed her to "roll” one of the guests
to obtain his money, Mrs. Irene
Kent of Boston strenuously object
ed, she told Judge Harry R. Dow
in the Essex County Probate Court
here in seeking a divorce.
Refused, She Says
"I told him that although I was
his slave I was not going to be a
thief for him,” declared the wife,
who charged that Kent was cruel
and abusive toward her. "My hus
band remembered what I had said,
and the next morning he beat me.”
Mrs. Kent, who was married at
Peabody, May 12, 1923, testified
that her husband made her remove
their three children from a bed
and allow the two strangers to lie
down because "they were tired and
needed sleep.” She put the children
in her bed dutifully, but when
Kent informed her that one of his
cronies had a large sum of money
in his watch pocket and com
manded her to pilfer it, she re
fused to obey him, the wife as
"Drunk For Eight Days”
Testimony revealed that during
the 13 months that the Kents re
sided at 1 Bridge street, Salem, the
husband was drunk for a year.
Corroborating witnesses told Jud
ge Dow that there was "a brawl
every night in the home,” and that
Kent was constantly inebriated.
One witness declared that he was
"drunk for eight days the week be
fore Easter.”
Mrs. Kent, who accused her
husband of habitual intoxication
as well as nteglect to provide, main
tained that he entered their home
one night at 11 o’clock while they
were living at 7 Winter strett,
Peabody, and demanded a change
of underclothing because he was
going out to attend a party. When
she refused to comply with his
wishes, she asserted, Kent threw
her to the floor and raised his foot
to kick her in the face. He then
locked her out of the house, she
Other Stories Of Alleged Abuse
Returnirfg to their home after
attending a movie show in March,
1929, the wife declared, she dis
covered bottles strewn all about
the place. Kent and a strange wo
man were there, she maintained,
both the worse for liquor. The
children were crying, Mrs. Kent
said. Black and blue marks on
her body were what she received
when she objected to Kent’s tak
ing the last 5 0 cenjts out of the
house in January, 1925, it was
testified, and on another occasion
it was testified the husband pulled
Mrs. Kent and the children out of
their beds, slapping all of them as
he did. The wife, who said that
she resides at 297 East treet, Elm
wood, told the court that dishes
and furniture were broken by
Kent in the early morning hours
at times when he would come into
the house intoxicated. Once he
picked up a crib, in which their
infant child was sleeping near a
stove because it was ill with pneu
monia, and let the child’s bed drop
to the floor forcibly, according to
Mrs. Kent.
Kent did not contest the case,
and the court reserved decision.
John P. Steadman last week re
signed his post as state treasurer to
become manager of the Raleigh
regional agricultural credit bank.
Charles M. Johnson, director of
the local government commission,
was at once named treasurer by
Governor Max Gardner. He will
serve the entire four-yeair t(erm
to which Stedman was elected on
November 8. W. E. Easterling,
who has been assistant to Johnson,
was temporarily named to succeed
him on the local government com
Granda, Spain.—The City Coun
cil has decreed that each able
bodied citizen must aid municipal
development with pick and shovel
fifteen days out of each year or
pay proxies for the work. Recal
citrants will be fined and all mon
ey received will go to the unem

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