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Carolina watchman. [volume] (Salisbury, N.C.) 1871-1937, March 03, 1933, Image 3

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84026488/1933-03-03/ed-1/seq-3/

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I _graveyard
Salisbury’s oldest graveyard was
established In 1768. The site was
given by John Lewis Beard, one of
Rowan County’s very earliest set
tlers, who emigrated from Pennsyl
vania, and was naturalized here in
1755.
Dr. Bernheim, in his book "Ger
man Settlements and the Lutheran
Church in the Carolinas,” publish
ed in 1872, writes as follows:
Saint John’s Lutheran Church
in Salisbury, N. C.was
doubtless the first Lutheran con
gregation organized in that provi
dence. . . . German citizens of
that place organized themselves
into a congregation in the days of
King George, III, and several years
before the Revolution, when Salis
bury was yet denominated a town
ship, containing but a few dwell
ings and a small number of inhabi
tants. . . One of the wealthy
citizens residing there, John Lewis
Beard, a member of the Lutheran
Church, was bereaved by the death
of a young daughter. . . Whether
the township of Salisbury could
then boast of a regular "God’s
Acre” -is not known, and the pro
bability is that the mortal remains
of departed ones were at that early
period, deposited without many re
ligious services in the grounds of
each landlord in whose family, or
family connection, the death oc
curred; a custom thus early estab
lished from the force of circum
stances, and still reverently obser
ved by many in various parts of
this country.
in the same manner was tne
body ©£ Mr. Beard’s daughter laid
in the silent tomb, opened on her
father’s town property, in a lot
containing nearly an acre, and well
selected, for the quiet repose of the
dead.'’
In order to protect her resting
place in the years to come, Mr.
Beard deeded a tract of land, con
taining one hundred and forty four
square poles to the German Luth
eran Church, of Salisbury, for the
purpose of establishing a church
and a graveyard. Soon afterwards
a log church was built on this lot,
and about five years later its first
pastor arrived, Rev. Adolph Nuss-I
man, who came from Germany,
fie served two charges, the Salis
bury Lutheran, and Organ ChurcJi,
then called Zion Chufch. The 1
Salisbury church seems to have;
been situated a little to the left
from the center of the graveyard,
as one enters from the main en
trance. The deed for this plot of
land is found in the office of the
Register " of Deeds for Rowan
County. It is made to Michael
Brown, Michael More, Casper Gun
ther and Peter Reeb, and it provid
ed that the trustees above named
might allow the church to be used
by other congregations from time
to time, when not, being used by
the Lutheran congregation. Thus
it was more or less a community
church and graveyard for the
tnwnclun rvf fvalisblirV.
In this ancient city of the dead
are buried many of the pioneer
settlers of Rowan Countv, of vari
ous denominations and faiths.
Many graves are unknown at this
time. Many have no markers at
all; others have tombstones whose
Inscriptions have be :ome illegible.
Some graves are marked by rude
stones; others by beautiful and
stately monuments. Some of the
shafts have been broken by old
trees, falling during heavy storm.
One is marked by a large, broken
column, denoting the resting place
of the last member of a family.
Another striking monument is
that of Judge Archibald Hender
son, a very noted lawyer and states
man, whose monument was erected
by his fellow members of the Row
an County Bar, by whom he was
held in great esteem and admira
tion There are many crypts, and
large granite and marble slabs, de
noting family graves, sometimes as
many as ten names inscribed there
on, according to a custom of the
times. An unusual monument is
that round at the grave containing
the leg of an old Confederate sold
ier, which was crushed off by a
train; he himself is buried at Trad
ing Ford.
In this graveyard are many Rev
olutionary and Confederate soldi
ers.. At the lower, north end are
many graves, unknown and blank
eted in grass. Reliable information
furnished the writer indicates that
probably seventy five per cent of
the graves are unknown,, and lost
to identityi In time past, when
new graves have been sought, two
or three old graves have been open
ed before a vacant place might
be found for a new oleupant. Now
a testing bar is used before any
new grave is opened. This leads
one to the impressive thought that
new every grave should be marked
t in ;ome manner by some lasting
and permanent token. . And also
that our cemeteries should be laid
off on a diagrammed blue print,
containing each plot and grave, for
the information of future genera
tions, as well as our own.
In about the year 1869 a brick
wall was built around this old
graveyard, by funds raised by po
pular subscription. Many citizens
took part, and various entertain
ments were given for this purpose
by the ladies of Salisbury. At one
of these entertainments, at the old
Meroney Opera House, Miss Annie
Rouzee, then a charming young
girl of sixteen years, was appearing
on the stage in a lace and silk cos
tome, which caught fire from the
candles serving as footlights. She
ran from the stage in a flaming
blaze, and was seriously burned.
Miss Rouzee now Mrs. W. L. Ran
kin, is living with her daughter,
Mrs. J. H. McKenzie.
The brick used in making this
wall is quite unusual. It is large,
of durable quality, and unobtain
able at this time. The wall has
fallen down in many places, but
in the rebuilding of it, which is
now going on, enough of the old
bricks have been found to complete
it and restore it in its original
form. The restored wall will have
on top of it a cement coping; it is
being made strong and iasting. A
new entrance at the north end,
large enough to admit automobiles,
is being erected. Two large beau
tiful entrance columns were given
for this purpose by Mr. T. M.
Byrd, of this county, and the Sal
isbury Marble and Granite Com
pany is cutting and erecting the
columns as a contribution to the
work of restoration. It is intend
ed to erect a bronze tablet at the
old entrance, and crepe myrtle will
be planted entirely around the wall.
Mr. Clancy Miller, of Salisbury,
has tendered several hundred dol
lars worth of shrubbery to be used
in the beautification of the grave
yard.
In this historic old place are
buried members of many leading
families of Rowan. The Beards,
Hendersons, Caldwelis, Browns,
Murphys, Hamiltons, Fishers,
Lockca, BojJcna, T —j -i
and numerous others, who were
leaders in the community, State
and nation.
For generations the Beard family
have been buried here. Their graves
are found on the right as one en
ters the main entrance. It is quite
certain that John Lewis Beard is
buried here; but neither of the
graves—that of the founder, not
that of his daughter, for whom the
cemetery was established, can now
be located with certainty. The
name of the daughter seems to be
unknown. The will of John Lewis
Beard, which is on record in the
office of the Clerk of the Superior
Court, was probated in 1789,
mentions nine children, directl)
and by reference, and by a research
it is found that none of these died
as early as 1768. Consequently,
the daughter who died, must have
died quite young.
| John Lewis Beard was a very
j prominent and influential citizen
of Rowan County, being one of
| the very first settlers. He emigrat
Jed from Germany to Philadelphia,
i There he married Christiana Snapp,
land shortly afterwards came to
j Salisbury. His name was original
ly spelled Bard, or Bardt. Immed
iately after being naturalized in
175 5 he assumed a place of leader
i ship in the community. He be
came wealthy and highly esteemed,
j At first he lived on his farm on
Crane Creek, now Town Creek.
Later he moved to Salisbury, and
built a large home on the spot
where the Courthouse was later
! built.
One of Mr. Beard’s sons was
Lewis Beard. He. owned a large
farm on the Yadkin River, known
as the "Bridge Place”. This name
was given on -account 01 a large,
splendid bridge he built across the
Yadkin at his place. Ferries were
used at the time, and there had
been some controversy between
Lewis Beard and a neighbor, Dr.
Long concerning ferry rights. Mr,
Beard settled the controversy by
employing an architect and erect
ing a bridge across the river at a
cost of thirty thousand dollars.
This bridge was later called
"Locke’s Bridge,” and some of the
old piers may yet be seen rising
above low water a half mile below
the railroad bridge.
Another son was Valentine Beard
a brave and valiant soldier who
fought under Washington at the
battles of Brandywine and German
town. He also lived on the Yad
kin, owning a large plantation,
later known as "Hedrick’s Ferry.’
He married Margaret Marquedant
of Philadelphia.
Another son was Joha Beard, ;
captain in the Revolutionary war
He was called John Beard, Senior
to d'istinquish him from his nephew
Major John Beard. Captain Johr
Beard was in charge of the "Light
Horse cavalry” that went front
Salisbury to Charlotte to meet
General Washington and escort
him here for his memorable visit
in the year 1791. John and Lewi;
Beard, as well as many other pro
minent citizens attended the recep
tion given President Washington
at Hughes Hotel in Salisbury, and
the brown satin dress worn by
Mrs. Lewis Beard at this reception,
is still preserved and in possession
of her descendants in this county
Captain John Beard died in 1845
and is buried in the old Lutheran
graveyard beside his wife and child
ren. The lettering on his tomb
stone indicates that he died in
1815, but this -is a mistake, due
either to the stonecutter or to the
erosion of time. One of his sons
was Horace Hamilton Beard, the
father of a Confederate soldier,
another Captain John Beard, who
died in 1915. The latter, Captain
John Beard, was the father of Mr.
P. B. Beard, now a resident of Sal
isbury, and the father of Bryce P.
Beard, who upheld the traditions
of his patriotic ancestors by nota
ble service on the battlefields of
France during the World War.
Brvce P. Beard is the present State
Commander of the American Le -
gion.
When one enters the old Luth
eran graveyard and wanders among
the old tombstones, reading here
I and there, he cannot fail to be im-|
i pressed with the fact that here is
i buried much cf the history of '
old Rowan county. The cold, sil
j ent stones are eloquent witnesses of
i great lives, of great characters that
[wrought mightly in the upbuilding
and destiny of our county and
State. Here and there a pioneer
settler, a pioneer preacher, an early
statesman, a beloved mother, a
Revolutionary, soldier, an Indian
fighter, a member of the Commit
tee of Safety, a first Judge, a
iff over three counties, a gallant
Confederate soldier, and so on.
Near the grave of Judge Hend-1
erson is the grave of his son, Arch-!
ibald, who was the father of the!
late John S. Henderson, Captain!
Richard Henderson, and Leo bard
A. Henderson, the latter a young I
Confederate officer killed at the j
battle of Cold Harbor, January 1,!
1864 in his twenty fifth year.
Samuel Jones died December 9 th
1840, and during his life represent
ed Rowan in both branches of the
Legislature, and was sheriff of
Rowan when it embraced Davidson
and Davie counties. Fielding Slat
er, ancestor of the late Senator
Lee S. Overman died September
22, 1836 and he was once sheriff of
Rowan county. Also Sheriff Kluttz,
Sheriff Waggoner, and Sheriff Wal
ton are buried here.
Other inscriptions indicate the
graves of Nathaniel Boyden, a
noted lawyer and Congressman,!
Judge D. F. Caldwell and his wife,!
and Colonel Charles F. Fisher, a1
brave Confederate officer killed at
Manassass. He was the first Presi
dent of the North Carolina Rail
road, and was killed in his fortv
fifth year. Then there is Lewis
Beard, who died in December,
1820, and beside him his wife and
three infant daughters. Horace II.
Beard, who died in 1838. Another
grave marks the resting place of a
young mother and her infant twin
daughters—Margaret McCubbins,
and brings to mind the lines of a
forgotten poem:
"From grave to grave, the shadow
crept,
And in her still place the morning
wept;
Touched by His feet the daisy
slept.”
For several months the Histori
cal Society of Rowan County has
been interested in the old Lutheran
graveyard. A short time ago a
plan was evolved, with the assist
ance of the governing body of
Saiht John’s Lutheran Church, the
City Council of Salisbury, and the
local Reconstruction, Finance unit,
whereby this old place could be
restored and beautified. The work
of restoration is being done under
the personal supervision of the
Superin tendant of City Cemeteries,
who has a good sized force of men
under him, and who is co-operating
with a committee of the Historical
Society in carrying on the work.
This work has been almost com
pleted.
.In the work of restoration the
old winding paths that once' exist
ed have been searched out and re
digned in their original contours.
Small box woods have been planted
n lines that reach throughout the
graveyard. Numerous tombstones
chat have been broken by falling
crees or covered with earth have
been recovered and reset. In many
cases they have bee repaired and
cemented. Expert stone masons
and carvers have cleaned and ool
ished them, and Inscriptions here
tofore illegible have been rendered
clear. - Sunken graves have been
filled and levelled. Grass, flowers,
trees and shrubbery will be planted
from time to time.
When the work is completed
this old graveyard will become a
place of beauty, as well as a spot
full of interest and rich in early
history. In it are some beautiful
old trees, and for many, many years
these ancient oaks and cedars have
been standing like silent sentinels
guarding the memories of our first
settlers who sleep peacefully under
their spreading branches the long
repose of the dead.
-B. D. MCCUBBINS.
We are now ready to do your
job printing—Give us a call.
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in a good laxative
Thedford’s BLACK-DRAUGHT
has been highly regarded for a
long, long time, but it is better
appreciated now than ever before.
People are buying everything more
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25 or more doses of
Thedford’s Black-Drdught
in a 25-cent package
For Children, get pleoaant-tasting
XTBVP of Thedford’a Block-Draught.
MORE JIG-SAWS—Turn to the
beautiful Gravure Section of next
Sunday’s Baltimore American and
you will find a fascinating Jigsaw
to amuse you. Also another Jig
saw will be found in the news sec
tion of the Baltimore Sunday A
merican. On sale by all newsdeal
ers and newsboys.
How the World’s Greatest Scien
tific Discovery Solved the Mystery
of the Scarlet Hibiscus Flowers, in
The American Weekly, the Maga
zine Distributed with next Sun
day’s American. On sale by all
newsdealers and newsboys.
Discovered! Art Treasures of
Wicked Biblican Queen Jezebel.
Authentic Photographs in The
American Weekly, the Magazine
Distributed with next Sunday’s
Baltimore American. On sale by
all newsdealers and newsboys.
FLOUR MILL tiURNS
The $30,000 Toecane flour mill
west of Bakersville was destroyed
by fire last week. Origin of the
flames was not determined.
| "Big-Ten” Sweetheart |
i 1
i
Blanche Waddell, co-ed1 at the
University of Illinois, has been mt.de
• ‘ sweetheart of the Big Ten ’ ’ .\
8*<e was crowned queen at the charity
ball held at Northwestern University
j Blanche is 5 ft: 7 in. ... a ravishing j
| brunette and weighs 125 pounds.
“I
I ILLUSION: 1
The Oriental girl reclines on a sheet of plate H
glass supported by two slaves. The magician
waves a white sheet in front of the pretty
maiden... pronounces a few magic words...
Presto I She has disappeared in thin air,
EXPLANATION:
“Disappearing” acts are among the most popu
lar in the repertory of the magician. Dogs,
horses, girls, whole rooms disappear—whisked
into wings, dropped through trapdoors, hidden
by mirrors. But this “disappearance” is a bit
different. One of the “slaves” is a hollow dummy.
When the magician holds up the sheet the lithe
little lady disappears completely—into the con
venient figure of the dummy.
i
Copyright. 1933. B. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company
C£M€LS
It’s fun to ee Fooled
... it's mode fun to Fnow
There is also a trick of cigarette adver
tising, whereby a few magic words are
used to create the illusion of “Coolness.”
EXPLANATION: Cpplpess is determined
by the speed of burning. Fresh cigarettes,
retaining their full moisture, burn more
6lowly... smoke cooler. Parched, dry ciga
Irettes burn f ast.They taste Ao/.This makes
the method of wrapping very important.
Improperly wrapped cigarettes begin to
dry out as soon as packed.
Camels are cooler because they come
in the famous Humidor Pack of welded,
MpISTURE-PROOF cello*
phane. ..and because they contain better
tobaccos.
A cigarette that is fresh, full of natural
moisture, and blended from choice, ripe
tobaccos tastes cooler than one that is
harsh and acrid. For coolness, choose
a fresh cigarette, made from costlier
tobaccos.
It is a fact, well known by
leaf tobacco experts, that
Camels are made from finer,
MORE EXPENSIVE tobaccos than
any other popular brand.
Try Camels... give your tasteachance
to sense the difference. You’ll appreci
ate it!
_ JYO TRICKS
.. JUST COSTLIER
TOBACCOS
IN A MATCHLESS BLEND

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