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Washington—As the farm wif< says at preserving time, the Presi dent’s program is beginning ' t< "jell.” A lot of the froth, in thi shape of wild doctrines and lcos< talk, has been skimmed off anc what was fluid and formless les: two or three weeks ago is begin ning to assume shape and some thing resembling solidity. . What the mass needed was pec tin. Anvone who doesn’t know what pectin is had beter talk tc some housew'ife who has tried’ tc make jelly without it. And tht pecun in this instance, the precipt ant that started things to settling down, came from two sources out side the Administration circles, One was Henry Ford and one was Gerard Swope. Ford, as everyone knows, re fused to sign the Blue Eagle Code. He also refused to join the Na tional Automobile Chamber ol Commerce, which is the trade as sociation set up for the automotive industries under the Recovery Act, General Johnson threatened and fumed. He expressed the idea the public would "crack-down” on Henri' for what semed to him some thing like treason. He even swap ped his official Lincoln ca'r for a Cadillac, because Ford owns the Lincoln company. He tried to get a Ford dealer’s bid for trucks re jected by the Army, even though it was the lowest bid. It looked like hard sledding for Henry, to hear the General tell it. The Showdown Then all of a sudden, it turned out that Henry Ford had been right and General Johnson wrong, all the time. Henry hasn’t signed the Blue Eagle agreement, but the high legal officials of the Admin istration are agreed that he doesn’t have to if he doesn’t want to, nor does anyone else have to. It is purely voluntary agreement. i\eitner does ne have to join the Trade Association of his industry. That, again, is -a matter of choice. All Henry has to do, it turns out,I is to pay wages as high as the minimum set forth in the code, work as short hours as the code calls for, and let his employees baragin with him collectively. It has been acceded from the state that Henry was okay on hours and wages, but the Federation of Labor thought they had him on the collective bargaining proposi iton. Hadn’t there been strikes at his Edgewater plant and elsewhere? Weren’t a lot of Ford men out? Where did collective bargaining come-in? The Labor Administration in vestigated and gave Henry a clean bill of health. There never had been any objection raised to Ford employees acting as a unit in a de mand for different working con ditions. They had demanded and Ford had refused. He had made an offer and they had refused it. And Senator Wagner, spokesman for Labor, had to admit that there was nothing in the law to compel -any employer to agree to the col lective demands of his workers, any more than the workers could be compelled to accept any proposal -rhev didn’t, like, from the emnlover. Labor Also Learns That, in effect, was a swat in the eye for the Federation of Labor leaders who have been proclaiming from the rooftops that the Recov ery Act is their meat. They were going right out and organize every body into unions. For that mat ter, nothing is stopping them ex cept the fact that in the manufac turing industries most of the big companies have beaten them to it and have encouraged company unions, which are functioning with out the aid of the Federation. The Forcf episode and: its outcome have gone a long way to dispel some of the genuine fears of indus trial and business leaders. It is clear now that nobody has to sign any of his rights away or disclose trade secrets to his business rivals, so long as he adheres to the funda mental provisions of the Recovery Act. And it is clear that business is not going to be turned over in va block to the Federation of La bor, which is what more business men feared than any (other one thing; except, perhaps, the fear of Federal snoopers prying around their shops and telling them how to run their business. And there is where Gerard Swope came in. Mr. Swope is President of the General Electric Company. He has been serving as an unpaid adviser on General John son’s staff at Washington. After Continued on page four i The Carolina Watchman ----- ~ • ■ ■ ■ i FOUNDED 1832—101ST YEAR SALISBURY, FRIDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 17, 1933. " VOL 101 NO. 16. PRICE 2 CENTS ! —---,---— ■ - - _anizer Refuseu ^ Listen or Tc Leave Town _ i Says ”Manufacturers Age/its” Mad j Strong Threats And Ordered Him to Leave Toun. GOV. IS INVESTIGATING j Officers Guard Him For Shor Time—But Later Disap pears. _ ; Clyde Munn, organizer for th j American Federation of Hosier j Workers, stationed at Hickorv tern ! porarily said he had been threaten ied by "manufacturers’ agents’ 1 two of whom he recognized, be : cause cf his activities in this area | Munn said three men approachei him and "made strong threats an< | told me to leave town, but the jdid not say what they would d< if I stayed here.” j The hosiery organizer, who ha been in Hickory three weeks fo the purpose, he said of organizing workers and checking up on alleg ed NRA violators, said he had nc 11ILCIUIUI1 Wi ICJVlUg LX1C UIV. He said a police guard was as signed to him but only for a shore time—the officer "caii’t be seen around here." Munn said the three men met him on the street and attempted to draw him into an argument. "I walked away from them,” h< said, “and came cm to the hote where I’m staying. They thet telephoned me and told me to gc out of town. I hung up on them This morning they told me the; had given me a chance to leav< and that they were watching th bus station." Munn said the men were no workers but apparently represents manufacturers. He said he plan ned no legal action immediately preferring to wait "to see wha happens.” Munn telephoned his headquarter in Philadelphia and comunicatec with them again. The headquar ters, in turn, informed Governo Ehringhaus of the affair, and th governor fcaid he was “looking int< the matter.” Four New Rulings On Sales Tax Made Raleigh—Four new sales tax rul ings have been adopted by the sale tax division of the department o: revenue. Harry McMullen, director announces. Ruling No. 27 holds that : manufacturer who has a retail placi for his product in his manufactur ing plant and sells such product in competition with local retailers is liable for the 3 per cent sale: tax on such retail sales. This ap' plies to ice cream plants, bakeries florists, mixed feed makers and th< like. Ruling No. 28 places the sale o! personal tangible property by opto metrists, opticians, oculists,. ey< physicians, etc., of lenses, frame: eye glasses, false eyes, etc. are sub ject to the 3 per cent sales tax. Ruling 29 holds that sale of cot tonseed by cotton gins and other: who are not the producers sold foi processing or manufacture, ar< classed as wholesale sales, and ar< taxable at the wholesale rate, bui sales of cottonseed or cotton by th< producer are exempt from any kinc of sales tax. y Ruling No. 30 holds that deale\ in horses, mules cattle and othei animals, when not sold by th« breeders and are made to consum ers and not for resale, are liable for the 3 per cent sales tax, as be ing sales of tangible personal prop erty for consumption I NEWS BRIEFS I-.! 3 NEW N. C. POSTOFFICES In an allotment of $16,679,675 I for new public buildings the public 1 works department has included $50,600 for a postoffice at North ,, Wilkes boro, $60,500 for one at Pinehurst and $5 5,000 for one at Asheboro. HEADS COLLEGE GROUP Dr. Frazer Hood, of Davidson ?! coliege, ■was elected president of j the North Carolina College confer ence at the annual meeting held in j Greensboro. J -- ' DEVELOP LINCOLN .j TIN MINE .1 U. S. James, of Newark, N. J., • is planning to begin on a large scale . mining of tin ore in Lincoln county in the near future. It will | be the only large operation of the | kind in the country. , DRIVER IS HELD j AFTER BLOW-OUT J Miss Louise Burton, 16, was fa . tally injured near Lewisville when . a tire blew out, throwing her car from the road. Clyide (Sprinkle, t driver, was held under $1,000 bond charged with manslaughter. STATESVILLE COUPLE KILLED IN WRECK J. H. Bagwell, 24, and Miss Stella Sentell, 19, of Statesville were; killed when their auto wrecked' near Shelby. They were among aj party of young people enroute to Gaffney, S. C., for the week-end. i Two others were injured. STATE LEADS IN TOBACCO The federal crop reporting [; boards estimates tobacco produc i tion in the country this year at 11,408,000,000 pounds, some 400, j; 000,000 pounds over last year. 'North Carolina leads with 52 5,604, 000 pounds, Kentucky coming second with 371,153,000 pounds. j 3 VICTIMS OF MILK POISON t; James Harrison, eight, is dead, I and his little brother and sister ■ seriously ill at their home near ■ Rutherfordton from effects of milk : poisoning, cause of which has not i been ascertained. !HITLER SWEEPS GERMANY I In the largest vote in the history! jof Germany, Chancellor Hitler on' I Sunday won the overwhelming1 j support of the people. Nazi can didates for the Reichstag got over 90 per cent of the vote. LICENSE LIQUOR INDUSTRY Under repeal, the federal gov j eminent is to retain strict control i of the distilling industry through ' licensing powers and through en forcement of a code for all distill ling plants. NEWSPAPER PLANT BOMBED J Racketeers in Mansfield, Ohio,! ,! struck back at a newspaper which ' has consistently crusaded against J them, by a bomb attack Sunday i/norning. Hurled explosives tore | up the mailing room of the News 'j Journal. None was injured. 13 BRUTAL KILLINGS Beaten to death with a heavy | blunt instrument, William Milikin. j 7 8 was found dying outside his .store near Raleigh. Two negroes ; are held as suspects. Robbery was . the motive for the crime. Six miles | from Jackson, the de^d body of J. E. Hedspeth, farm overseer was found. He had been riddled with | shotgunf ire. A negro of the neighborhood was jailed in another county. Ed Cox, proprietor of a Mt. Airy filling station, is held as the confessed slayer of Harrison Ashburn, 30. Cox fired on two men as they sat in a car, killing Ashburn outright and badly (wounding Parley Combs. Barmaids and Cocktails After Repeal - ' -_ Gone, seemingly forever, are the oldtime bartenders with oiled hair and waxed mustache. Instead, when repeal becomes effective, will be American barmaids, a la’ British system. Above is shown a class of girls being taught the art of bartending and cocktail mixing at the Bartender’s Institute in New York. Sales Tax Is Driving Many Merchants Out of Business In N. Declares Leonard People Crossing State Line in Forty Counties to Buy Necessities, He Says. The sales tax law is driving many merchants out of business in the counties of the state which border on other states, declared J. Paul Leonard, executive secretary of the North Carolina Fair Tax associa tion in an interview with a repre sentative of the Lincolnton Times, recently. Protests against the new revenue tax are increasing daily throughout the state, he said. "There are 40 counties in North Carolina which border on other states, and great numbers of our citizens are driving across the state lines to do their trading in states where there is no sales tax. This discouraging result of the sales tax does not affect the merchants of in land counties, but it is forcing many in the border counties to close their doors. In some instances merchants just across the border in ocner scares arc sdiicicing orders in North Carolina and delivering them in trucks, tax free. As an-j other instance, I have a report from one large buyer who each week drives all the way across two counties to buy fetodstuffs and other necessities in a state where there is no tax. There simply is no justice in a tax which takes' business away from home.” Mr. Leonard also said that the mail order business in this state had greatly increased since the sales tax went into effect. "Gov-j ernment money orders and bank checks prove this,” he said, as he cited authoritative information. "I have reports that a large number; of the citizens of Governor Eh- ( ringhaus’ own home town—Eliz-i abeth City—are driving up to Nor-' folk to do their shopping. And tlje same is true of others who live near the state lines. In addition to the saving of the* sales tax, the! people are doing this as a protes against a law winch taxes the foot they eat, the clothes they wear am the other necessities of life. The] do not think this is right, and th< protest they are registering is se riously impairing business in man] counties.” Mr. Leonard took occasion tc spike reports that the organizatior he represents favors a tax on lane to supplant the sales tax. "This report which has been spread is not true,” he said. |'On August 10, the North Carolina Fair Tax asso ciation adopted a resolution oppos ing any further tax on land, and this resolution is displayed on the organization’s stationery. 'Resolved, That the North Carolina Fair Tax association does hereby gd on record as opposing any additional taxes on land, but it does favor a reduction in the cost of government and the discouragement of further waste and extravagance in the adminis tration of public affairs, as indi cated by the objects set forth in ir charter.’ ”—Adopted August 10„ 1933. * Jfr ._sfr * :J- Zr * MANAGING EDITOR ILL * * The Watchman regrets to * * note the illness of its Manag * ing editor, Mr. A. R. Monroe, * * who is confined to his home * * on West Council Street, and * * we ask our readers to overlook * * any short comings or omis- * * sions in this weeks paper. Mr. * * Monroe expects to be back at * * his post on Monday of next * * week. * * * * * * ****** First little girl—"Has your sis ter begun takin’ music lessons yet?” Second little girl—"She’s takin’ somethin’ on the piano, but I can’t tell yet whether it’s music or type writin.” Do You Know The Answer? Confirmed on page eight 1— What is papyrus? 2— Who are *the Uslulness? 3— What does the slang term "jinx” mean? 4— Who was the author of "The American Commonwealth?” 5— For what purpose did the U. S. government employ the Levia than? 6— What was the name of P. T. Barnum’s most famdus circus ele phant? 7— Which is colder, the North Pole or the South Pole? 8— What name did the Mormons give their new homeland in Utah? 9— What European explorer dis covered the Philippine Islands? 10— Near which large city is Bryn Mawr colleeg? j GOOD MORNING, KNOWS TOO MUCH I hear that the Spoopendifees Have had a falling out. Is it one of those cases where the wife didn’t understand the husband?” "No, it’s one of those cases where she understood him so well that she wouldn’t have anything to do with him.' GIVING ORDERS "Yes.” said the meek little man at the quick lunch counter. "I cak,» my meals at a restaurant every chance I get.” "Prefer restaurafcit cooking to the wife’s, eh” quered his friend. "No, I can’t say that I do”, re turned the meek little man, "but I can give orders at a restaurant.” SAFE "So you were at the wedding. Who gave the bride away?” "Nobody said a word.” GREASE IT UP So you and those neighbors are not on speaking terms any longer?” "No. All diplomatic relations have been suspended.’ "How did that come about?” He sent me a box of axle grease and told me to use some of it on my lawn-motwer when I starter^ at , «ix in the morning.” Well! What then?” ■ 'Then I sent it back and tolc him to use some of it on his daugh ter s voice when she sings at 11 o’clock at night.” A DOZEN GOAT GETTERS 1— The man who tells me, "] have paid everybody but you.” 2— The guy in front of me at a traffic light who uses up a minute or two getting started after green flashes on. 3— The friend who unintention ally (but persistently) blows all of his cigar smoke right kerdab in my face at a luncheon or something. 4— The damsel that runs her fingers up and down my vest but tons when my wife is with me and occasionally flips some dandruff ioff my collar. 1 5— The fellow who always says, "That’s too high; I’ve got you beat," And if he were to buy any thing, he’d want it on credit. 6— The hired servant who alibis’ by ’lowing: "I was just thinking about that, I will do it tomorrow.” 7— The bare-headed type of an imal life that scratches a match on the piano and grinds up his cigarette stub on the rug—with his installment shoes. 8— The former customer who comes back at you with: "I will try to help you a little next month. I can’t pay you anything now.” Help me. Ouch! 9— The runt who rushes past me at 5 5 miles per hour and turns into his own home only 50 yards further up. / ; 10— The bone-hea3 who toots his horn behind me when 3 other cars in front of me have choked j down. 11— The butcherman who sells! me one of his hands every time Ij buy a piece of beef, but keeps the | hand and hand's me the beef. Ij wouldn’t mind it so much if he’d cut the hand off and let me throw it away for the benefit of human ity 12— The loafer who explains how he lost $1,000.00 during the depression but never thinks" to tell vhose money it was that he lost. | Federal Aid Now Ready For N. Car. ■ " " Washington Conference Act's to Speed Up Program to Aid U nemployment K ■ FIX 40 PER CENT PAY SCALE Persons Carried on Relief Rolls Are To Be Used On Public Works It Is Stated. Ten million dollars will be spent in North Carolina' February 1 oh public improvements chiefly in municipalities to take needy from the public relief rolls, it was esti mated by the North Carolina dele gation who were in Washington to attend the President’s civil works relief administration conference, i The conference was the outcome of bitter complaints that have been reaching the White House from all parts of the country that although state highway commis sions and the public works admin i istfation btvc mllljniy -t ipfnj q£ i the three billion and three hundred million dollars appropriated under the industrial recovery act, govern ment red tape has the money so i up it is not reaching the needy for whom intended. The Presi dent called the conference to meet this emergency and put four to jsix million people to work at once .with an expenditure of four hund jrea million dollars with North Carolina’s share at ten million. The work in North Carolina is to be directed by Mrs. Thos. O’ Berry and applying the plan to Salisbury and Rowan county for example, people now being carried on the relief rolls will be put to work on secondary public roads, cleaning and improving streets, also given employment on county, state and municipal buildings at government expense and with no provision for the government being reimbursed. * It was pointed out that the task which would start Monday would be easily handled in North Caro- - lina because when former Governor Gardner inaugurated state relief un der Dr. F. W. Morrison instead of placing needy on'-the public dole a plan was worked out, still in effect, which wovld be continued. Max L. Barker Passes Away Veteran of Two Wars—and Well Known Citizen Succumbs to Pneumonia At Home Here. Major Max L. Barker, 52, vet eran of two wars and prominent in the affairs of veterans’ organi zations, died-at his home here on West Liberty Street, Monday night of pneumonia. Major Barker, as a youth of 17. served in Cuba in the Spanish American war and went overseas with the 81st division"during the World war with the rank of major. He was a former member of the city council, and from 1920 to 1928 was register of deeds in Row in county, rrom lyuu to iyi/ be was connected with the South ;rn railway offices at Spencer, and after the late war he resumed his connection with the railroad. He is survived by his wife, aged mother and a number of children. Funeral services were conducted froim the First Presbyterian church Wednesday afternoon.