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Carolina watchman. [volume] (Salisbury, N.C.) 1871-1937, February 16, 1934, Image 4

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Carolina VVatchmai
Published Every Friday
Morning At
E.. W. G. Huffman, Publisher
A. R. Monroe, _ Business Mgr.
Payable In Advance
One Year - $1.00
Three Years _ $2.00
Entered as second-class mail
matter at the postoffice at Sal
isbury, N. C., under the act of
March 3, 1879.
The influence of weekly news
papers on public opinion exceed,
that of all other publications if.
the country.—Arthur Brisbane.
As nearly as we can understand
the money situation and! the new
gold valuation, it comes down to
A dollar is still one hundred
cents. Ten cents still make a dime.
Ten dollars is still one eagle. The
"devaluation” of the dollar is not a
reduction of the dollar to 59.04
cents, it is a reduction of 40.96
percent in the amount of gold that
a dollar will buy. The price of
gold is now $3 5 an ounce, instead
of $21.26, or whatever the old price
The dollar, in other words, is
now legally and permanently cheap
er in the world’s markets. It takes
“*■*''*• >> »v wtuuivumv)
in international trade. We sell our
surplus products to the rest of the
world in dollar prices. Other na
■*. jigas-have te ae^uirr-dollac? iingdg:
to pay us for them. They get
those dollars by the process known
as “foreign exchange,” which sim
plifies down, to this:
A Frenchman, say, buys Ameri
can cotton. His money- is known
as the franc. The franc has a fixed
relation to the gold This relation
may vary by a small fraction, from
day to day, depending upon the in
ternational demand for francs, but
it is in effect a fixed relation; so
many francs will buy an ounce of
gold. Now, we know how many
dollars an ounce of gold will buy—
3 5 of them. The Frenchman,
therefore, pays for his dollars as
many francs as will buy the equiv
alent amount of gold, and uses those
dollars to pay for his purchase of
American cotton
A year ago he could buy only $21
with the franc equivalent of an
ounce of gold; now he can buy $35.
Cotton from America is that much
cheaper to the Frenchman. But
have we made him a present? Not
at all. The dollar, once it gets to
America, is just as good as it was
before and we get more of them
for our bales of cotton. The
Frenchman can buy more cotton
because he gets it cheaper; we get
more dollars because gold is higher
in our money.
It makes no difference inside our
own borders whether we use gold
or paper for money, so long as th<
credit of our Government is sounc
and stands behind every dollar
But it does' make a big differenci
when we sell our products abroad
whether our money is prices to(
high in gold in comparison witl
that of other nations.
After reading the news from th
rest of the world we begin to fee
as if we were not as badly off ii
the United States 4s..a good man;
people seem to think. At least, w
are not on the verge of war witl
any of our neighbors, and tha
seems to be the situation of man;
Other nations today.
Observers are pretty nearly un
animous that there will be anothei
^ great European -war in the not fai
distant future. The friction be
tween France and Germany, insteac
of subsiding, seems to be growing
greater. The longer time German]
has to get ready, the more certait
it is that she will again try to 'as
sert her equality with her ancient
enemy. Once France gets em
broiled in the North with Germany
those who watch such things say
Italy will be on France’s tail in th<
South. Italy wants to recover th<
Mediterranean coast now held bj
France. Germany wants to recovei
the Saar Basin, where the ‘ iror
mines are.
Central and Eastern Europe an
in a ferment. Austria is putting
up a gallant struggle against th
invasion of Nazi propaganda from
Germany, which is designed tc
bring Austria under the German
flag. Italy, on Austria s South, is
watching, and many believe that
Hitler and Mussolini may soon be
at war.
Over in Asia, Japan and Russia
are growling at each other across
the Manchurian border Both sides
openly admit the possibility of war.
Both Russia and' Japan are trying
to undermine England’s influence
in India and Persia. China is still
trying to maintain some sort of an
effective National government,
largely with the help of the British,
but the Chinese people have been for
years the victims of one armed force
[after another. Several nations of
South America are still in a state
of war with their neighbors.
Reflecting on these things, we
realize that we are lucky in having
peaceful neighbors. If we were
scared to death of Canada and1 ner
vous about the intentions of Mexico
we might feel ourselves as badly off
as France and Austria feel today.
There has been a great revival
of interest in hunting and fishing
and outdoor life and sports gener
ally in the past few years. The
movement for the protection of wild
game, by limiting the hunting sea
son and extending the cover of for
'est and'brake-in which they' live
and breed, has received a great deal
of encouragement from President
Roosevelt’s reforestation program.
There seems little doubt that the
Civilian Conservation Camp move
ment will result in developing in
many iiiwujanua v* ^'/v***6
only a taste for outdoor life, which
they will strive hereafter to gratify,
but an intimate knowledge of
woodcraft and the ways of the
feathered denizens of the woods.
! It is the dream of those who are
most active in promoting the idea
that some day all the poor farm
land in the nation will again be
come a cover for game, or at least
so much of it is not turned into
lumber-producing forest. Prob
ably that dream will never be ful
ly realized; dreams seldom are. But
it is certainly true that a high per
centage of so-called agricultura
land is fit for nothing but a refuge
for wild animals and birds. Nor
is it necessarily unprofitable to let
, the brambles arid brush overrun
such unproductive lan 1. In many
! parts of the country farmers are
^getting a revenue from the sale of
shooting permits over their land,
j and that; idea is receiving a great
deal of impetus and encouragement.
The American Game Association
estimates that approximately 7,
000,000 men take out huntng li
censes in the various states every
year, while more than ten million
are interested in fishing. If the
NTpnr nrnrlurpc flip lni'O'Pr Ipic.
: ure for every man which it prom
i ises, together with a surplus income
i with which to enjoy that leisure,
i the number of hunters and fisher
men will be greatly increased. That
will make the movement for the
conservation and protection of wild
life even more important.
1 The actual community of interest
i between producers, consumers anc
' wage earners has long been ack
; nowledged by a small group of in
t dustrial leaders, but up to this time
: they have been unable to apply it
r because of the canabalistic compe
tition forced upon them by the
■ Sherman Law.
BetterJCotton Staple
Is Needed In State
Raleigh—North Carolina mill
1 use approximately one and one-hal
’ million bales of cotton each year
: and of this amount one million bale
is 15-16 inch or longer.
"North Carolina farmers shouh
grow the types in greatest demani
by the mills instead' of having t<
export our cotton or ship it t(
other states,” says P. H. Kime, as
sociate agronomist of the Nortl
' Carolina Experiment Station
. "There was a time when the mill;
using the better staple lengths die
not want our cotton. It was short
and irregular in length and quality
Much improvement has been madt
in both the length and quality dur
ing the past few years and a mud
stronger mill demand for home
grown cotton has been the results
Some mills now express a prefer
ence for North Carolina cotton.”
During the past six years, the
Bureau of Agricultural Economics
of the United States Department cf
Agriculture has been cooperating
with the North Carolina Agricul
tural Experiment Station in secur
ing information on the grade and
staple length of cotton grown in
the State.
Both these studies and com
munity surveys show a definite im
provement in the staple length of
the cotton produced in each of the
important cotton counties in the
State between 1928 and 1932.
When reports for the last two years
are compared, however, it is seen
that in most counties there was a
decrease in the percentages of the
better staple in 1933 as compared
with 1932. Comparative figures
from one community in Rowan
County show the following: In
1932 .0 percent of the cotton
s measured less than 7-8, 25.2 pet
t cent 7-8, and 74.8 percent 15-16 o
! longer. In 1933 these percentage
> were .6, 40.5, and 58.9 for th
same staple lengths, respectively
| In other words there was a decreas
| of 15.9 percent in cotton staplin:
, 15-16 inch or longer and a corres
, ponding increase in the 7-8 incl
, and shorter cottons,
t "Probably more than one facto:
contributed to this change,” Mr
; Kime says, "but all available evi
dence has shown that the seed usei
is the biggest factor. Cotton ha:
been so cheap and money so scarc<
during the past two or three year:
' that there has been very little re
newal of planting seed, and the sup
ply on most farms has deteriorated
"With only 60 percent of oui
normal acreage in cotton it ii
highly important that definitf
steps be taken to standardize or
varieties that produce 15-16 incl
or better staple. There is not £
sufficient supply of reliable seec
available to do this at once, but by
planning now the necessary supply
can be provided in 193 5 or 1936
"To provide for such a supply
it is suggested that at least one per
cent of the county’s cotton acreage
be planted with registered' or pedi
greed seed of an approved variety
and! fbat the seeJ produced be cer
tified. This would supply certi
fied seed for 10 to 15 percent of
the acreage the second year and
sufficient seed one year from cer
tified source for the entire county
the third year.”
Those communities interested
can secure information on variety
tests and sources of seed from the
Agronomy Department at State
L. Y. Hoyd, tobacco specialist,
recommends scattering about 30 .
pounds of clean oat, wheat or rye
straw over each 100 yards of to
bacco bed. The straw seems to
have a beneficial effect in controll
ing downy mildew. ]
- ]
WE COULD mention a name
* * *
BUT THAT would break a
* * 35
RULE. He had lived in the house |
* -Sc *
FOR A week when he took, the key
■J« ■?« %e
BACK TO the landlord.' 'W hat’s
WRONG WITH the house?”
•: •< *
QUERIED THE owner. "Isn’t
* *
IT GOOD enough for you?” The
s* :> ib
* * »
"IT’S TOO good for me,” he said.
"YOU SEE, the wall is weeping for
>fr *
THE SINS of the roof, which is a
* *
FRESH-AIR fiend and insists
■f: *
ON LETTING us see the wide
OPEN SPACES of the sky above.
EVERY CHIMNEY is no-smoker,
* *
SO THE house ain’t no place for
AN ORDINARY sinner like me.”
=:■ * «•
Mr. Harrington Pays
His Annual Visit
H. Leighton Harrington, Field
Representative of the Progressive
:armer was a visitor in the city
Monday of this week and. renewed
cquaintances with many of his old
ubscribers and friends during his
ojurn. He has recently covered
he entire state of Virginia and in
11 of his travels, he stated that
msiness in most all lines, are on
he upturn.
Say, "I Saw It in
Contempt of Senate |
McCracken (above) assistant Sec
retary of Commerce in charge of
aeronautics under President Hoover
was arrested for contempt of the
Senate when he refused to produce
files which the Senate Committee
wanted to see in its investigation
on air mail contracts.
Loses Coal Mining Job
CADIZ, Ohio: . . . Ida Mae S.tul!
(above) has worked in coal mines
here since she was 12 years old.
Now Ida is mad because an Ohio
Mines inspector says it is against
state laws for women to work in
mines . . . and at 34 she has to look
for another job. Ida can mine and
load an average of 5 tons of coal a
Fifth Avenue seems 11 be the
proving ground for all sorts of
traffic lights. One section now has
a new type of light that actually
gives the pedestrian a break by
periodically holding up all motor
traffic for five seconds in all direc
tions in order to clear the street t£
pedestrians from walk to walk.
>}• >h
The traffic problem on th; tight
little island of Manhattan is gradu
ally being eased by express high
ways. One elevated highway has
been in operation along the Hudson
for over two years. It is but a
part of the "Marginal Highway’
that is planned to all but encircle
the island.
* * *
Of all the men in New York
there is one who probably has the
biggest "little black book” of tele
phone numbers of really gorgeous
girls. His name is Powers and he
is the man that artists and adver
tising agencies call whenever they
want S'particular type of model for
painting, sketching or photographs
Powers has them all classified and
can find them on short notice ....
The most difficult requirements
for a model to fulfill are those for
color photography since this type
of photograph cannot be retouched.
Hence the model must have never
a blemish—not even a freckle.
Color photographs frequently cost
as much as $1000 each!
it it it
'-ri____i _r*._*.1___i_
xuvaivu uuu ax. vwjl kiivitkvi **vw**»
spots are more and more adopting
the microphone and loud speaker
system for entertainers until it
seems that if anyone outside of the
Metropolitan Opera or concert hall
should attempt to sing without
them he’d be thought some
a freak.
While the bars of New York
hotels are crowded at cocktail hour
every afternoon, Clifford Lewis of
the Lewis Hotel Training Schools at
Washington, D. C., tells me that
the increased hotel business started
in September—long before repeal.
He attributes a large part of the
increase to confidence in the pres
ent administration together with a
"devil may care” escape from the
long depression. And he backs up
his statement on increased business
with figures showing greater en
rollment in his schools.
* >5- >5
Mrs. Roosevelt, the President’s
mother was scheduled! for a radio
talk on the President’s birthday
from the Queen of Bermuda in th<
New York harbor. The sponsors
had a Packard sedan on the uppei
deck of the pier to carry her 3 Of
feet from the elevator to the gang
way! Cost: $75.
The story of the World War i
told in FIVE FULL PAGES every
Sunday in the BALTIMORE SUN
ths thought-provoking feature Oi
sale by your favorite newsdeale
or newsboy.
{Continued From Page One)
subservient to the government, of
a completely new party organiza
tion, to be built not alone on the
ruins of the Republican party,
though some of the most pliable cf
that old timber would be used, but
upon the ancient principle of indi
vidual rights and, especially, the
rights of the taxpayer.
Those who are active in promot
ing the new party idea point out
that the great "middle class” of
small business men, small property
owners, independent and undis
tressed farmers, provisional men
and the like, is being ground be
neath the nether millstone under
the ~New Deal. The benfits are
all directed toward the down and
outers on the one side, and the big
financial and industrial interests
on the other, to hear some of these
folk talk. But, they say, it is the
man in between who is paying and
whose children and grandchildren
must pay.
How far this movement for a
"Centrist” party will get is any
body’s guess. Many pooh-pooh it,
many think it has a chance, a few
are enthusiastic. It will take or
ganization and it will take money.
Money is hard to get for anything
and organizing talent is rare.
Meantime. Washington is greatly
encouraged by the real signs of in
creasing prosperity which have fol
lowed the fixing of the price of gold
at $3 5 an ounce, making the inter
nitimvil rlrt liar wort-la S9 04 nprrpnt
of the old gold dollar.
This practical stabilization has
removed many of the fears of capi
tal, which is beginning to come out
of hiding and look for investment.
Gold is flowing back to America
from Europe. There is a sounder,
deeper feeling' among business men
that we are really on the road to
It is Mr. Roosevelt’s hope that by
the first of May business and) in
dustry will really have taken up
'most of the^slack of unemployment.
It is - also his hope that Congress
will pack up and go home about
that time.
J. R. MILLER, Bankrupt.
To the Honorable JOHNSON J.
Judge of the District Court of
the United States,
For the Middle District of Nortli
J. R. Miller, of Albemarle, in the
county of Stanly, and State of
North Carolina, in said district, re
sepctfully represents that on the
17th day of February, 1932, she
was duly adjudged bankrupt undei
the acts of Congress relating te
bankruptcy; that she has duly sur
rendered all of her property anc
; rights of property, and she has full}
■ complied with all the requirement
■ of said acts and of the orders of the
: court touching her bankruptcy.
l Wherefore she prays that she ma}
• be dcreed by the court to have :
full discharge from all dfebts prov
bankruptcy acts, except such debts
as are exceptd by law from such
Dated this 18th day of July
Signed—J. R. MILLER,
Middle District of North Carolina,
On the 27th day of July, 1933,
on reading the foregoing petition,
it is ordered by the court, that a
hearing be had upon the same on
the 13th day of March, 1934, be
fore W. T. Shuford, Referee in
Bankruptcy, at Salisbury, N. C., in
said district, at 2:30 o’clock in the
afternoon; and that notice thereof
be published in The Carolina
Watchman, a newspaper printed
in said district, and that all known
creditors and other persons in iri
terest may appear at the said time
and place and show cause, if any
h-jvA whv th> nraver nf said
petitioner should not be granted.
And it is further orJered by the
court, that the Referee in Bank
ruptcy shall send by mail to all
known creditors, copies of said pe
tition and1 this order, addressed to
them at their places of residence, as
Witness the Honorable Johnson
J. Hayes, judge of the said court,
and the seal thereof, at Greensboro,
N. C., in said district, on the 2Sth
day of July, 1931.
United States Judge.
Thousands ot women
Have' Taken Cardui
on Their Mothers' novice
It is an impressive fact that many
women have said they learned of
the value of Cardui from their
What stronger evidence of her con
fidence in a medicine could a mother
have than that she advises her daugh
ter to take it!
Cardui is given the credit for re
lieving so many cases of womanly
suffering that it is widely and favor
ably known. Druggists, everywhere,
sell it. * •
If you are weak, run-down, suffer
ing monthly, take Cardui. Take it
for a reasonable length of time and
try it thoroughly. As your health
improves, you will share the enthusi
asm of thousands of women who have
written to say: “Cardui helped me.”
Checks Malaria in 3 days, Colds
first day. Headaches or Neural
gia in 30 minutes.
Most Speedy Remedies Known.
Newsom & Co.
104^ S. Main Street
Salisbury, N. C.
Expert Watch and Jewelry
I _
Shoes rebuilt the better way.
All kinds of harness, trunk and
suitcase repairing.
i Phone 433 120 E. Innes St.
GETTING ALONG-—-By Albert T. Reid
m- 7TT1

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