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Carolina watchman. [volume] (Salisbury, N.C.) 1871-1937, May 04, 1934, Image 1

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WASHINGTON
Five Conclusions
Righteous Aim
Johnson and NRA
Tugwell Stops Critics
Your correspondent had the
privilege a few days ago of talking
and listening to the three most im
portant men in the Administration
on three successive days: Presi
dent Roosevelt on Thursday, Gen
eral Hugh Johnson on Friday and
Professor Rexford Tugwell on Sat
urday.
All of them talked freely,
though much of what they said
was not for publication. Nothing
that the President said can be
quoted, but it is entirely permissible
to express an opinion on his state
of mind and the direction in which
he is heading, deduced from what
he said. The talk with him lasted
nearly two hours, with General
Johnson nearly as long and with
Dr. Tugwell about an hour.
Certain conclusions are inescap
able; they were noticeable in what
all three men said.
First, a definite sensitiveness to
criticism of the "New Deal,”
amounting almost to thm-skirned
ness.
Second, a definite effort to dispel
the idea that there is something
"radical” about the New Deal.
Third, a definite purpose to slow
down on Govrnment borrowings
and substitute for Government fin
ancing of private business new
means to stimulate investment of
private capital.
Fourth, a definite intention to
resist any further inflationary mea
sures, especially such as contained
in the effort to compel the Presi
dent to remonetize silver on the
16-to-l or any other basis.
Fifth, a definite, deep-rooted
conviction that what the Adminis
tration is doing is "right.”
On that last point, a high Federal
official recently compared the writ
ten Constitution to the old wooden!
man-of-war "Constitution,” so
lately rehabilitated and sent on a
tour of the nation’s seaports. It
was a fine ship in its day and
everybody reveres it and respects it I
for the service it did in the War of
1812, but nobody would think of
sending it to sea to fight again!
There is a fine fervor, almost re
ligious in its tone, when some of
the New Dealers talk about the
necessity for social regeneration by
Governmental dictum and financial
aid.
1 axing up tne points enumerated
in their order, the tone, rather than
the words of all three of these Ad
ministration leaders indicated that,
although criticism had been invited
it was not relished. Indeed, one of
them used the word "wicked” in
discussing certain attacks upon Ad
ministration policies. Professor
Tug well was especially sensitive at
the use of the word "regimenta
tion” in connection with the or
ganization of business, industry
and agriculture. He thought it a
wrong use of the word: it was a
word he would use to describe the
conditions under which men em
ployed in industry worked. The
same day he said that, the President
signed the Bankhead cotton re
striction bill, o( which Senator
Bankhead and his nephew, Repre
sentative Bankhead, were the spon
sors. It put a heavy penalty on
any cotton grower who grows more
than his quota of cotton this year.
The President took pains to explain
that it had been agreed to in ad
vance by more than 90 percent of
the cotton growers who had ans
wered the Government’s question
naire.
General Johnson was insistent
that the Government had no pur
pose to impose harmful restrictions
upon business and industry; all that
NRA was trying to do was to get
business interests into cooperation
for the common good. He was
distressed at the idea that anything
like force was being used or con
templated, and the notion that
small business men were getting
the worst of it under NRA was en
tirely wrong, he said. He did not
think the Government had been
moving too fast in imposing the
codes, because any of them could
be changed over night if it proved
oppressive or didn’t work. The
purpose of speed had been to try
to get men back to work quickly.
The next big effort to put men
back to work will be in the build
ing trade, by means of a plan
Continued on page five
I
I
The Carolina Watchman mu
FOUNDED 1832—1J01ST YEAR SALISBURY, FRIDAY MORNING, MAY 4, 1934. ~~ VOL 101 NO. 40. PRICE 2 CENTS.
Total For Four
Months More
Than Doubled
Contracts Let To Date Are More
Than 131 Per Cent Above
Those of Last Year.
PRIVATE BUILD’G INCREASE ;
Total Contracts For Industrial And
Engineering Projects Total
$2,838,000.
Off to a fast start for 1934, con
tracts awarded for construction,,
engineering and building projects
in southern states during the first
four months reached a new thre-e
jyear high total.
The aggregate awards for 16
| southern states for the period
amounted to $186,245,000, says the
Manufacturers Record, the con
tract total from January to April
inclusive, exceeds by 131 per cent
the total of $80,33 5,000, rep
resenting the valuation of awards
in the corresponding period of last
year, apd surpasses by 109 per cent
the total of the first four months 1
of 1932, amounting to $88,994,
000. i
The total for all classes of j
building and construction put un- "
ier contract last month, was $43,- -
131,000 for the four-week period j
is compared with $48,656,000" t
representing the five week period ,
of March. ,
A marked increase in 'private
building was noted in April. Con- ;
tracts let for apartment houses
and hotels, bank and office build
ings, churches, dwellings and
stores amounted to $4,517,000 as
compared with $2,964,000 in
jMarch, $2011,000 in February
jand $2,5 5 1,000 in January. In the
building awards totaled $12,025,
000 as againsts $6,066,000 for the
seme period in 193 3.
A new high monthly total of
$1,092,000 for bank and office
buildings was recorded in April as
'a result of the award of a contract
for a 17-story addition * to tlhe
Humble Oil and Refining com
pany in Houston, Texas, to cost
$75 0,000. Repair work,, new el
evators, air-conditioning, and oth
;er improvements also helped to run
up the total.
Awards for industrial and engi
neering projects for 1934 totaled
$2,838,000. March led with $16 -
675.000. April’s total was $13,
236.000.
{Attend Graduation
Exercises
Mr. and Mrs. Robert N. Clark
and two sons, Kenneth and Charles,
in the company of Mrs. J. B. Blue
and children, of Greensboro, mo
tored to Barium Springs for gradua
tion exercises. Mr. and Mrs. Clarke
have two nephews and a nfece in
the home, Edward and Ruth Cole.
They made the highest averages for
the 4th and 6th grades.
Cinders to Sales
CHICAGO . . . Miss Betty Robin
son (above), former Olympic track
chainnion, has forsaken the cinder
paths and is now a saleslady in a
den3rtmnn.t here.
NEWS
BRIEFS
WOMAN POSTMASTER
MAMED
Paul A. Bennett has been ap
pointed postmaster at Winston
salem.
FATHER AND CHILDREN
INJURED
S. J. Brawley of Troutman and
.hree of his children were serious
T injured near Salisbury when
the car they were driving collided
with another last Friday; Mr.
Brawley received a broken arm,
the children receiving bad lacera
ions.
CHILD DIES FROM MATCH
IURNS __
The three-year old daughter of
Mr. and Mrs. Norman Wilson of
the New Hope section died in a
R-eidsville hospital where she had
been taken for treatment of burns
eceived while playing with matches
in the home.
FIRES AT WAKE FOREST
COLLEGE
During the past year there have
>een a number of suspicious fires
mong the several buildings at
Wake Forest College, and thous
ods of dollars in damage has re
ulted. A renewed attempt see mss
o have been made Friday night
rhen fire was discovered in <a
loset in the alumni building.
FHE COLDEST APRIL
April of this year is destined to
>o on record as the coldest of any
iince the establishment of a weath
:r bureau at Greensboro. The
killing frost of April 24 is said to
be the latest on record, and to have
ione much damage to early plants.
Old winter is accused of staying
an the job 10 days later than usual.
MR. DANIELS VISITS HOME
Ambassador and Mrs. Josephus
Daniels are spending five weeks at
their home in Raleigh before re
turning to his post at Mexico, D.
F. Mr. Daniels is quoted as saying
that the United States "must either
stick by the new deal, go back to
the old deal that put us in the de
pression, or accept a raw deal from
the hands of the opponents of the
new deal.”
]OE CANNON WILL FIGHT
CASE
Formal papers were served on
J. F. Cannon at Concord in the
ilienation suit brought by the di
vorced husband of his daughter,
Anne, F. Brandon Smith, Jr., of
Charlotte. The amount called for
is $250,000. Mr. Cannon, who re
turned last weeek from Ffot
springs, Ark., improved in health
>ays he will contest the case before
the courts. Hartsell and Flartsell
>nd B. W. Blackwelder of Concord,
ind Stewart and Bobbett of Char
lotte are said to have been retained
is counsel for Mr. Cannon.
Doctor Dies
At Bedside
Of Patient
Fayetteville.—Dr. W. A. Kirksey
14, dropped dead while attending
i patient at Hope Mills. His
leath will attributed to heart dis
:ase.
Dr. Kirksey had \practice|d in
this county since 1921, when he
came here aftelj completing! his
Internship in St. Louis, Mo. He
ivas a graduate of the University
sf North Carolina where he was
i Phi Beta Kappa student.
Dr| Kirksey was the son of Mr.
ind Mrs. W. L. Kirksev of Mor
janton, who survive.
The Model 1934 Bathing Girl
SANTA MONICA, Calif. . . . Miss Eve Reynolds (standing center
above), 5 ft-, 5 inches tall and weighing 118 pounds was selected as
the typical beautiful bathing girl for 1934 by members of the Chouinard
School of Art, whose students immediately went to the beach in bathing
togs to sketch the model.
Code Eagle Symbol Of Unity
To Complete Recovery Work
Washington.—-Since May 1, the
NRA Bine Eaglet individualized.
Replacing the familiar legend/'We
Do Our Part,” is the single iword
’ Code,” beneath mhich appears the
name of the trade or industry to
which the employer belongs and
his registration number.
"Its display by you,” declared
National Recovery Administrator
Hugh S. Johnson in a letter mailed
to every employer in this country,
"will inform the public that you
are cooperating with the vast ma
jority in stamping out unfair trade
practices and methods of compe
tition, and in giving your employees
a square deal by paying code wag
es. Last year you were asked to
display the Blue Eagle as an evi
dence of your promise to do your
part and as a symbol of your faith
in the ability of American, trade
and industry to defeat depression
by united effort. This year you
are asked to display this distinc
tive Blue Eagle as a symbol that
you, together with the other mem
bers of your particular trade or
industry, have united to complete
the work of recovery.”
For that relatively small per
centage of employes sot yet under
codes, an executive order permits
their continued use of the standard
Blue Eagle as a sign of their ac-i
ceptance of the president’s offer
to extend his reemployment agree
ment with them until their codes
have been approved. Accompa
nying the administrators letter
was a simple application card, ad
dressed for return, without pay
ment of postage,, to state NRA
compliance directors and instruc
tions outlining procedure for ob
taining the individual Eagle.
As promptly as applications can
be cleared, state directors will dis
tribute the emblems to employers in
the so-called service groups, includ
ing the general retail and retail food
and grocery trades, the cleaning
rnd dyeing, restaurant, construc
tion, and trucking industries. Blue
Eagles for other industries and
trades will be distributed by the
NRA insignia section, to which
state directors will forward em
ployers’ applications.
An individual Blue Eagle con
tinues to be the property of the
United States government, and use
of it is subject to the penalties of
section 10 (a) of the National In
dustrial Recovery Act and orders
and rdgulations - issued under Mt.
Its display certifies to the employ
er’s strict compliance with his
code, and the regulations emphasize
that "any person may be publicly
deprived of the right to display
any Blue Eagle if he violates any
provision or the spirit and intent
of any cods, (Presidential yagrep*
ment, or regulation, duly prescrib
ed or approved.”
Strike Riots
At Gulf Ports
Houston, Texas. — Determina
tion to stand by their demands for
higher wages was shown by strik
ing longshoremen as their walk
out at gulf ports continued with
only onfe disturbance—a shooting at
Lake Charles, La.
Steamship operators apparently
had adopted a policy of "watchful
waiting.”
Fifteen shots were fired into a
meeting of about 300 persons
gathered at Lake Charles to discuss
the strike. Murphy Humphrey
was seriously wounded in the head.
Police arrested seven negroes,
among them Elisha Catholic, mem
ber of the Louisiana Longshore
men’s union. Police said the shots
were fired from Catholic’s house.
Humphrey as a white man.
At Galveston, 1,500 members
of the International Longshore
men’s Association, the organization
iw'hich ’called the strike !,mqfr Hn!
what was termed a "pep” meeting.
GOOD
MORNING
COCOA COLD
A customer in a restaurant called
the negro waiter and cotnplained:
"Waiter, my cocoa is cold.”
Well, sah , replied the son of
Ham, "why don’t yo’ put yo’ hat
an, sah?”
A SICKLY LOT
One of the two flappers in the
bus was reading a newspaper.
"I see”, she remarked to her com
panion, "that Mr. So-and-So, the
octogenarian is dead. Now, what
an earth is an octogenarian?”
"I’m sure I haven’t the faintest
idea’’, replied the other. "But
they re a sickly lot. You never
bear of one but he’s dying..
KNEW BEFOREHAND
A negro boxer was to fight a
heavyweight champion. When he
reached the ring it was. noticed that
he hung back.
It s all right,. Sam’”, said his
second. "Just say to yourself,
I’m goin gto beat him’, and you’ll
win.” - •
"That’?, no good'”, replied Sam’.
"I know what a liar I am.”
Deny Violation
Of Steel Code
Wilmington; Del.—Denying the
federal government’s charge that it
violated the collective bargaining
section of the NR A steel code, the
Wierton Steel company launched
its battle in United States district
court here against issuance of an
injunction/ which would restrain
it from interfering with selection
by its employes of an organization
of their own choice to carry on
bargaining negotiations.
Earl F. Reed chief counsel for
the steel firm, opened the com
pany’s case with a vigorous rebut
tal of the charges of Special As
sistant Attorney General James
L. Fly that the company had
'shoved company union down the
throats of its workers’’ and co—
treed employes into voting for an
employe’s representation plan.
Greenville Asks
Trackless Trolleys
The city of Greenville formally
petitioned the state railroad com
mission for permission to subbsti
tute trackless troll4ys 'for street
■ars on certain surburban lines.
The petition asks that the South
srn Public Utilities company be au
thorized to proced immediately
with the substitution. The fran
:his, it adds, has been amended
to conform to the substituton as
iet forth in a recent legislative en
ibling act.
Trackless trolleys would be oper
ited, the petition says, from the
aotel to Woodside mill; and from
fudson mill to the Overbrook sec
tion.
Party Groups
Split By Vote
On Measure
Measut{? T0 Relieve Debt Bur
dened Cities and Towns Now
Goes To Conference.
PROVIDES TWO YEAR RELIEF
Opponents Assert the Bill Will
Pave the Way For Debt
Repudiation.
Washington.—The senate has
passed the municipal bankruptcy
bill, long sought by debt-burdened
cities as a way back to solvency
through compromise with their
creditors..
Party lines were broken on a
45 to 2.8 vote- Thirty-three Dem
ocrats and 12 Republicans ^up
ported the bill, while 14 on each
! side of the aisle voted against it.
The measure which passed the
house in the special sesson now
* goes, to conference with the house.
> Senate changes were made to
1 tighten the bill to protect minority
creditor groups.
as it passed tne senate the bill
would provide that during an
emergency period of two years cit
ies and local taxing units might
petition federal courts for approv
al of debt-composition plans that
i have received the indorsement of
' holders of- JO per cent of out- _
tanding obligations.
After favorable action by the
court, acquiescence of holders of
two-thirds of each class of obli
gations and of three-fourths of
the total in the settlement proposed
I would render i t binding ori all -
creditors.
The bill’s passage followed an
appeal by Senator Robinson, Demo
crat of Arkansas, majority leader,
in which he asserted thousands of
persons unable to pay taxes would
be driven from their homes unless
given relief.
The bill was vigorously cham
pioned and as bitterly denounced
on both sides of the chamber.
Proponents pointed to defaults
by more than 2,000 taxing units
nd said the number threatened to
increase rapidly without legislation.
Opponents asserted the number
of units in default was less than
one per cent of the total, and said
the measure would open the door
to debt repudiation,.
Fisher Plumbing
Company Moves
To New Location
- i
The C. J. W. Fisher Plumbing
Company, for the past year located
at 113 East Fisher Street, has
moved to larger quarters at 113
East Innes Street.
A complete line of modern
plumbing fixtures is carried in
stock at all times and this in con
nection with a force of exjpert
mechanics enables them to give
service of the highest kind.
Two Disaster Institutes
Announced By Red Cross
Washington,, D. C., May 3.—
R.ed Cross chapters all over the
state will be represented at dis
ister institutes to be held in Win
ston-Salem May 7th and New Bern,
May 9th. Maurice R. Reddy, as
sistant director of disaster relief
service, American Red Cross, will
make addresses at each of these
preparedness schools and will as
sist the chapter representatives in
perfecting local machinery for cop
ing with sudden emergencies.
These two schools, like man*
jthers conducted this year in the
eastern and southern states, are
held in anticipation of tornadoes,
floods, droughts, ;res and. other* *
catastrophes. Members of disaster
•ommittees will be shown how dis
aster victims may be fed, shelter
ed, given medical attention and
hospitalization; how supplies
hould be handled and records kept.
To these institutes have been in
vited, in addition to Red Cross
chapter workers, city and county
authorities, public health experts,
police and fire officials, civic lead
ers, welfare wo inkers, and others
occupying key positions,
Do You Know The Answer?
Continued on page four
1. Who were the Troubadoa-s?
2. Which state'Of the union has
the largest forest area?
3. What is correct, pants leg or
pant leg?
4. Where is Cdigate University?
5. What does the name Michi
gan mean?
6. Which was the most famous
city of Greek legend?
7. Who said "Trust m God
and keep your powder dry?”
| 8. Is the death of Eve recorded
in the Bible?
9. Name the capital of the Mex
can state of Colima.
I 10. Who were the Midianites?

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