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A New Order O Foreign Trade Attention The President’s Position I Perhaps not the most important but in political circles one of the most interesting things being talked about here is the discovery that the repeal of Prohibition has not put the bootleggers out of business, and that the new taxes on whisky and other liquors are not yielding the revenues that were expected. The two facts are closely connected. Joseph H. Choate, Jr., director of the Federal Alcohol Control Ad ministration, reports that two thirds of all the liquor being sold in the United States is being made in illicit stills, built in Prohibition days and never licensed, so that only a third of all the liquor consumed pays taxes to the Government. The enforcement unit has been so re duced that it is impossible to fer ret out all these illegal sources of liquor and stop flow from those sources. Their business thrives because the high tax on liquor makes it profitable to take chances on making and selling stuff which pays no tax. — The remedy proposed for this state of things is to reduce the tax on whisky and gin, to a point where there would be no profit commen surate with the risk, in making it illicitly. If Mr. Choate’s figures are correct, and two-thirds of all the alcoholic beverages in the mar ket are paying no tax, then a re duction of the tax to one-third of what it is now would bring in just as much money, if it were collected on all the liquor manufactured. The question under discussion here is whether or not all liquor could be i A uccessfully taxed, evert at a re Auced rate. It would involve |i^knding a lot more than. lias been • c enforcement of §y^^*'he real problem, many think, is 1 ^®how people can be induced to drink ! more whisky; though the President ‘ has a plan to let liquor from abroad ' come in free of duty in the hope that it can sold so cheaply that people will prefer it to the bootleg stuff at the same price. All in all, official Washington is waking up to the fact that the li quor problem is a real and serious problem, as much now as it was under Prohibition. Another major topic of conver sation is the marked change that has suddenly come over the attitude of the Administration in the public utterances of its representatives on the general subject of social re forms. Criticism of the program under which social regeneration was being emphasized far more than economic recovery, and reali zation that some of the most highly publicized recovery projects are not working as had been expected, is slowing down the social program and setting officials to hunting for new means of bringing business back. The indications now are that less stress will be put upon the demand for higher wages and more upon getting men back to work at any wage the industry or business can afford to pay; also that there will be less insistence upon higher prices for commodities, and more toler ance of price competition. The report of the NRA commit tee on durable goods has been re ceived with some concern. Under this heading of durable goods come such things as locomotives, power plants, steam-shovels, buildings, everything which is not directly consumed but is used to make or house or transport consumer goods. Business has not increased in those lines, because there has been no new capital available with which to buy them. Such things need addi tional capital on the part of the in dustries using them. The condition is having an ef fect upon consideration of such things as easing up restrictions on new capital stock and bond issues, and upon the loosening of long term credits. Much greater attention] is being given to means of increasing and! recapturing America’s foreign trade. When Secretary Wallace, in his clearly-thought-out booklet, ''America Must Choose,’’ pointed (Continued on Page Four) The Carolina Watchman |sss| FOUNDED 1832—I01ST YEAR SALISBURY, FRIDAY MORNING, MAY II, 1934. “ VOL 101 NO. 41. PRICE 2 CENTS' TO. PROBE SHARE. CROP CHARGES Hughes Says Enforce Law rarm Agents To Survey, Make Adjustments Farm Admimstratioen Plans To Cor rect Injustices In Cotton Crop Control. TENENTS PROTEST It Is Claimed That Tenants Arc Be ing Discriminated Against By Landlords. Washington—In an effort to rectify complaints that some share | croppers and tenant farmers have been discriminated against under cotton reduction, contracts, the form administration has appointed eight extension service agents to j "investigate and adjust” all viola tions. At the same time, the adminis tration disclosed it intended to re fer to this group a report made public in New York by Norman J Thomas, the Socialist, in which the i cotton program is criticized.' The Thomas report, based on a survey of 500 tenants and share croppers families in Missouri, Ark ansas, Tennessee and Mississippi, [said the acreage program is "un sound.” made on the cotton program. The other was conducted for the depart ment by Dr. Calvin B. Hoover, 1 Duke university professor, who ' several months ago served the de partment as an advisor. This re port was made public ten days ago. As an outcome of the Hoover re port, extension agents from eight southern states were called to Wash ington this week to study charges that share-croppers and tenants were being discriminated against by some landlords in the division of benefit payments made under the program. Their three-day conference was concluded with the agenjts being designated to work as field men for the administration "to investi gate and adjust all complaints, vio lations and misunderstandings und er cotton adjustment contracts.” These agents are: W. J. Green of Stillwater, Okla.; C. C. Randall of Continued on page eight Gains In Indiana Pleases Doughton Washington—No one in admin istration circles found more solace and satisfaction in the election re sults in Indiana than did Repre sentative Robert L. Doughton of Laurel Springs, chairman the house ways and means committee and North Carolina member of the Democratic congressional com mittee. '.The election returns from In diana are a barometer of the times,” said the veteran lawmaker. "Everywhere the people have spoken at the ballot box they have voted confidence in and satisfac tion with the administration of our President. As fast as one election is held after another in 'various states, the people have recorded 'their approval of our great leader and the policies which he is pur suing to restore the country to a healthy and prosperous state. "One feature that is overlooked by many of us is that in states where dual primaries are held, the large number of votes cast and the increased number recorded for the Democratic candidates are indica tive of the firmly established status of our party. Not a single in stance has a house Democrat what !has stood loyally by the adminis tration been defeated for renomi nation. Thus all augurs well, and forecasts are that the Democratic losses in elections of the 74th cong ress will be inconsequential.’’ NEWS BRIEFS DIES OF WRECK INJURIES Norman Ward, 22-year-old tex tile worker at Rockingham, died in a Hamlet hospital from wounds received when a roadster overturn ed. OFFICER KILLED BY SHELL Capt. Clarence O’Leary, ordi nance department, died Saturday from injuries received on Tuesday, in the station hospital at Fort ®raS8> when a detonator exploded in his hands. — PRESS MEETS AT BANNER ELK The North Carolina Press as sociation will holds its summer ses sion at Banner Elk, July 11, 12. and 13, accepting the invitation of Edgar Tufts of the Lees-McRae college. SANDERS RESIGNS Everett Sanders has tendered his resignation as chairman of the Republican National committee, and a meeting has been called for June 5 to elect a successor. ^CANNON WINS \ confidence vote of 269 to conference overrode a recommenda- ' tion of its Episcopacy committee which voted for the superannua-1 tion of Cannon. UNVEIL BRYAN STATUE A bronze figure of William Jen nings Bryan the "Great Common er,” was unveiled in Washington last week, and was accepted by President Roosevelt on behalf of the nation, Joseph Daniels, Am bassador to Mexico, and president of the Bryan Memorial association made the presentation address. FOREST FIRES Fanned by a brisk wind, forest fires swept over 200,000 acres in ^Wilkes and Alleghany counties last week, destroying 13 homes, and two persons were believed lost. Flames broke out in many places, and were soon beyond control. LETS NEW CONTRACTS Temporary airmail contracts on 15 routes have been awarded by Postmaster-General James A. Far ley, while others will be let soon. FAMOUS MOTHER DIES Mrs. Rebecca Doughton, mother of Congressman R. L. Doughton, chairman of the powerful ways and means committee, and R. A. Doughton, long a public servant, passed away last week at her home in Alleghany county after a pro longed illness. She was 96 years of age. Funeral services were held at Laurel Springs. NEW ANTI-CRIME LAWS Ten anti-crime bills, including one to permit the federal govern ment to put a stiff price on the heads of criminals branded as pub lic enemies, have been pushed ' through the house, at the instiga tion of Attorney-General Homer S. Cummings. S. C. EXTORTION PLOT FAILS An attempt to extort $5,000 from J. F. Bland, wealthy Sumter county farmer, was revealed with the arrest of Ozie'Mathis, 19, who was charged with writing the ex tortion letter. Officers revealed that Bland last week received a letter instructing him to put five thousand dollars in small change bills in a package and leave it at Cane Savannah Station Sunday. The letter was signed "Southern Gangsters” and threatened death if he failed to follow instructions. Samuel lasulPsReturn .. - ■ ■ 1 ..... • , I NEW YORK v . . The most recent picture taken of Samuel Insull (above), former Chicago “czar” of Public Utilities, as he boarded the S. S. Exilona for the return to the United States under the watchful eye o4 U 8. Federal Authorities. insult Back Home To Face Accusers Fallen Utilities C^«r Is Brought Samuel lnsull tin fallen utilities czar, after an exilei of two years, is back in America to face charges of embezzlement, Iarcefty, fraudu lent use of the mails and other ac cusations brought against him. He would seek not only freedom, the aged prisoner said, but com plete vindication. "I have made mistakes—but they were honest mistakes,” he stated. "They were errors in judg ment, but not dishonest manipu lations.” Those "errors in judgment” re ferred to his activities as head of a far-flung utilities empire, the col lapse of which resulted in charges of embezzlemenlt, larceny, use of the mails to defraud and violation of the bankruptcy act being brought against him. Swiftly and carefully govern ment officials executed Insull’s transfer from the S. S. Exilona to a Chicago-bound train. A coast guard cutter met the steamship out at sea, and Insull was bundled aboard and taken to Fort Hancock, N. J. There, a motorcade waited, and speeded him to Princeton, junction, N. J. ■-i Badly Burned As Gas Ignites Mrs. Lewis M. Miller of 514 West Council street was critically burned Tuesday morning about 6 o’clock when a basin of gasoline, with which she was cleaning floors in her home, became ignited. The fire was started apparently from the short circuit of a floor lamp connection, a spark leaping into the gasoline and igniting the fluid. Mrs. Miller screamed for help, and with her clothing afire, rushed into the room of Edward Fox who lives in the Miller home, and he grabbed a blanket from his bed and attempted tq extinguish the flames. Mr. Fox sustained painful burns to the hands in trying to beat out the flames. / Damage of several hundred dol lars was done to the house. Passes Examination Mrs. W. D. Kennedy, a register ed nurse of Salisbury, has been no tified that she successfully passed the government civil service exami nation for graduate nurses. N. R. A. Plea To Increase Rates - Washington — The inter-state commerce commission turned down the plea of the N.R.A. for an; in crease in railway passenger rates in the southeast. In a brief memorandum the commission granted the Southern Railway company permission to continue charging one and one ralf cents a mile for travel in day coaches and three cents a mile in sleeping and parlor cars for six months after May 31. Similar permission was granted to other carriers in the southern territory if they wished to start the cne and one-half and three cents rate or establish a two cent rate for coaches if they so desired. The permission was granted over a demand by Sol Rosenblatt' depu ty administrator, in charge of the motor bus Code who told the com mission that the low, rates charged by the railway company are caus ing motor busses to lose money. Legion Post For School Supplement The Samuel C. Hart Post of the American Legion at its meeting Tuesday night unanimously in dorsed the special school levy of 10 cents on the $100 valuation, the question to be submitted to the voters of Salisbury on June 5 at a special election. The funds, if voted, will be us ed for supplementing teachers’ salaries and enlarging the educa tional system here during the 1934-35 sesssion. Fourth French J Default On War Debt Is Certain Paris—The fourth ^Fren^h de fault on the war debts to the United States is considered certain by high officials who spoke pri yately of the question. These officials asserted no nego tiations regarding the debt "di rectly or indirectly” have been in progress recently and added the situation is "more confused thaqj if ever. The French position on the debt it was reiterated remained the some as after the overthrow of the gov ernment of Former Premier Edou ard Herriot who championed pay ment. GOOD MORNING A local oil man cut across the country going to Jal a while back He got off the road over in An drews county and finally got to a desolate raqdi house and asked an old fellow who lived alone how to get to Jal. The rancher reflected. "Well, I believe I would go back about a mile and take the first right hand road. No, I believe I would take the left hand road. Come to think of it, stranger, if T was going to get to Jal I wouldn’t start from here at all.”—Exchange. _ Girl—"Every time I look at you 1 think of a great man.” Boy friend—"You flatter me. Who is it?” Girl—"Darwin.’’ The schoolmistress was giving fer class of youn,g pupils a test on i recent natural history lesson. "Now, Bobby Jones,” she said, 'tell me where the elephant is found.” The boy hesitated for a moment,; :hen his face lit up. "The elephant, teacher,” he said is such a large animal it is scarce y ever lost.” hell have I seen you before?” which Bishop Candler replied: "I don’t know; what part of hell you from?” "Mamma, when the fire goes out where does it go?” "My dear boy, I don’t know. You might just as well ask me where your father goes when he goes out.” Baby’s fond of you, isn’t he?” "I should say he is. He sleeps all day when I’m a'way and stays awake all night just to enjoy my company.” Culprit—"All I want to say is that I hope the honorable judge some day gets what he deserves.’’ Judge—"The prisoner is fined $ 5 0 for contempt of court. Golfer (to members ahead) — "Pardon, but would you mind if I played through? I’ve just heard that my wife has been taken seri ously ill.” Woman (about to attend politi cal meeting)—"I’m not prejudiced at all. I’m going with a perfectly open and unbiased mind to listen to what I’m convinced is sure rub bish.” TAKING HOLD Telephone: "Hello, I’d like to know where I can get hold of Miss Osgood?” Operator: "I don’t know; she’s awfully ticklish.” GOOD ADVERTISING "I wish”, complained ^he preach er, "that I could make my flock take more of an interest in Heaven. None of them seems to want to go there.” "Tell them that children under 16 are not admitted”, suggested the helpful friend. NICE BOOK "I hope that’s a nice book for you to read’”, said the fond mother to her young daughter. "Oh, yes, mother, it’s a lovely book, but I1 don’t think you would like it. It’s so sad at the end.” 'How is it sad, dear?” "Well, she dies and he has to go back to his wife.” Chief Justice Asks The Aid Of The Public Impossible For Communities To Promote Social Welfare Un less Law Enforcement Is Observed. , DISPOSE OF 880 CASES Statistics Prove That Criminal Jus tice Is Promptly Administered By Federal Courts. Chief Justice Hughes appealed to the public to insist upon, law en forcement. In a speech before the American Law institute, he said. "The prin mary need is a robust civil senti ment, dominated by a sense of jus tice, which demands intelligence in the making of laws and impartial ity in their execution, which is the determined foe of graft and every form cif official 'delinquency (as well of outstanding breaches of the criminal law. "To cultivate and re-enfoce this public sentiment, all social agen cies must play their part.1' Heaviest responsibility was on the bar, he said, and there was dif ficulty "in securing the co-opera tion of the mpst leaded, enlight foundations of the security of so ciety.” "No community can be trusted to promote social welfare which does not have the self-respect and stamina to insist upon the enforce ment of its laws.” The chief justice reviewed what I the supreme court, by authority of congress, had recently done to ex pedite the administration of crim inal justice, and referred to the great volume of work encountered. Up to this date last term the court had disposed of 756 cases, and this term during the same time, disposed of 880. He pre dicted that the present term would dispose of about 100 more cases than the last term. He appealed to the bar to refrain from bringing to the high court cases lacking merit. "The spectacle of persons con victed of crime at large on bail pending unnecessary delays on ap peal brings the processes ■ of the " , courts into public contempt,” he added, giving statistics to show that criminal justice is promptly administered by the federal courts. Candidates Must Report On Expenses By May 22 Raleigh—All candidates for public offices in North Carolina must file their initial statements of expenditures by Tuesday, May 22, according to the primary election calendar compiled by the State Board of Elections. Candidates for state and district offices must file statements with the secretary of state. All candi dates for state senator in districts composed of only one county, can didates for the house of represen tatives and all county officers must file their statements with the su perior court clerks in their respec tive counties. NINE KILLED IN AIR CRASHES SUNDAY Nine persons were killed in three air crashes Sunday. A woman and three mfen died near Houston, Tex., in the fall of a private plane; a woman ond two men burned to death at Fulton, N. Y., as a plane caught fire after fall; two men were kill at New Market, N. J., when ship lost wing and fell.