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Published Every Friday Morning At 'AL1SBURY, NORTH CAROLINA _______________________ E. W. G. Huffman, Publisher J. R. Felts,-Business Mgr. SUBSCRIPTION RATES Payable In Advance One Year _ $1.00 Three Years_$2.00 Entered as second-class mail matter at the postoffice at Sal isbury, N. C., under the act of March 3, 187$. The influence of weekly news papers on public opinion exceeds that of all other publications in the country.—Arthur Brisbane. »i wanMl POPULATION DATA (1930 Census) Salisbury _16,951 Spencer _3,128 E. Spencer_2,098 China Grove_:____1,25 8 Landis _ 1,388 Rockwell_ 696 Granite Quarry_!_ 507 Cleveland_._ 43 5 Faith _431 Gold Hill _ 156 (Population Rowan Co. 56,665) WHERE DO THE STATES GET OFF? We sometimes wonder, with a bit of concern, whether the pre sent tendency toward the centrali zation of all governmental activi ties in Washington is all for the best. This is a pretty big country. It has more diversity of interests, activities and climate, than any other nation we know anything about. Governmental methods ana plans which may "fit one part of the nation may not fit another part.' And we are not at all sure that any Government at Washington, how-' ever wise and intelligent, can legis late down to the last least detail for every county and town in the j Lord Bryce, that wise English commentator on public affairs, once wrote that the strength of the United States lay in the fact that it has forty-eight separate labora tories each working out its own experiments in government. It is well understood that much of whai is being projected from Washing ton is purely experimental, but why not leave some of the experi ments to the states? We think of Prohibition as an experiment which worked pretty well, on the' whole, in the states that tried it, or most of them, but which failed utterly when it be came a national experiment. Until the states found they could lay the burden of unemployment relief on the Federal government, they were handling that situation with what we must regard as much greater economy and efficiency than it is being handled today, and we heard or noDoay oemg auowea to starve There is not only the tradition of state rights to be considered; there is the distinct difference in the outlook and the point of view of the people of different sections Each has its own special interest! and problem. We concede that many matter: require national regulation anc supervision. We are merely tryinj to sound a warning against carry ing the idea of a centralized con trol too far. SOCIAL INSURANCE We read a great deal these day: about plans for what is gengfall) called "social insurance.” Undei that heading are included all sort: of schemes for health insurance unemployment insurance, accident insurance, widow insurance anc maternity insurance, as well as oh age insurance. None of the plan: seems to have been worked out very fully as yet. Most or all oi them involve contributions by th< state or Federal government. Some apply only to industrial workers, some do not discriminate between' one class and another. Some have provisions for contributions to the insurance funds by the workers themselVes, or by employers, or both, and some would have the Government take care of every body. The subject is very much alive just now, and we have no doubt that vigorous efforts willJ be made this coming winter to get some leg islation for the Federal assumption of some degree of responsibility for some of these projects. It seems to us to be something to be looked into very carefully. The most interesting of all the old-age insurance schemes of which we have heard originates, like so many other social innovations, in California. Dr. F. E. Townsend of Long Beach, a retired physician, first broached the idea of having every person over 60 years old, whether in want or not, receive a pension of $200 a month from the Federal government. The idea has caught on like wildfire, and organi zations have been set up in twenty states, we understand, to get sign ers to a great petition to Congress for such legislation. As there are about 10,000,000 persons over 60 in t heUnited States, and the proportion of eld erly people is increasing, this would mean about two billion dollars a month or twenty-four billions a year, to be provided out of tax in come. But the advocates of the plan have attached to it a provision that the whole $200 must be spent! i .i i ii L-av.ii niumn, diiu LUiUCiJU Lilac pUL ting so much money into circula tion would immediately restore prosperity and make it no burden »t all. If that theory is right, why not go the whole hog and make it $1, 300 a month? YOU’VE GOT TO FIGHT When we hear a business man sit and growl about business, and try in no way to go after it, we are re minded of a blotter we recently saw which carried the following message: "It’s not the size of the dog in the fight—it’s the size of the fight in the dog.” Ever see a little dog clean up on a big one, and just because he had a little more spunk, a little more aggressiveness and a little more fight in him. Many a little business has licked a bigger, older competitor just because it had a little more spunk and aggres siveness. People will make a path to your door if you’ve got what they want. But how are they go ing to know unless you tell them what you’ve got? The big city stores and the mail order houses . and catalogue men are fighting for business—because they know if they get it they’ve got to fight for it. The sooner the home-town business man learns this, too, and gets into the fight the better off he will be, and the farther along on the road to merchandising success. WE COULD mention a name today » * ' * BUT YOU know how it Is when * * * YOU HAVE rules. A certain «■ * » LITTLE GIRL said to her teacher, 3b 3b *■ "COME OUT home and see our 3b 3b 3b NEW BABY.” The teacher whom 3b & 3b MOST OF you know. reglkc}. ; 3b 3b 3b ..S ttnrtLjr a Tvnir vrvTT 'XT.,T *■ * * , WAIT UNTIL your mother is a*- >»■ * BETTER.” MARY paused a * * * ; MINUTE. "YOU needn’t be afraid * si TEACHER,” SHE said. "It’s not * * * CATCHING.” * * sf I THANK YOU. ~ The Strike: Its Cause and Effect If the present strike affected only those who are out on strike and the cotton mills, it would be bad enough. They are not suffering alone. The entire country is suffering. Business is paralyzed. Innocent women and children are suffering through no fault of their own. Merchants, farmers, garage men, filling station employes, milk men, truck growers, lawyers, doctors, dentists, clerks—every j:lass of people is being unjustly punished by the cruel effects of the strike. The tie-up in the cotton mill business has put a stop to all the orderly processes of business. We, the citizens of the state, have to sit idly by and see nothing done to stop it, we, who are in nocent, must suffer with the guilty. Who is responsible for this strike? If the Blue Eagle has been so all-powerful, heretofore, why doesn’t the Blue Eagle do some thing about it? If the mill operattors are not living up to the provisions of their code, why doesn’t the Blue Eagle make them live up to it? If the operators are adhering to the provisions of the code, what justification is there for the strike? If the Blue Eagle can prescribe working conditions and scales of wages why can it not also control situations of this nature? Carl Goerch, of The State, popular North Carolina magazine, asks these questions as the headliner in a front page article in the current issue of his magazine, citing the suffering and demoraliza tion that is resulting from the ill-timed textile strike in North r’.^rnlina Hp onpc nn r r» mv "North Carolina’s efforts to pull herself out of the depression and once more enjoy the fruits of prosperity are being threatened by the textile strike which went into effect this week. "Farmers, who expected record prices for their cotton and other crops, are liable to be grievously disappointed. "Business, which was definitely on the up-grade, is slowing up in marked fashion. "Unemployment, which was largely being done away with, is raising its ugly head once more. "Confidence in the future is being replaced by suspicion, dis trust, bitterness and hatred. The friendly relationship which existed between employer and employe is vanishing into thin air. "And we—the people of North Carolina—have got to stand by and watch a comparatively small group of individuals undo all of the constructive work that has been done along economic lines during the past year! "It is the most uncalled-for situation that possibly could have been brought to pass. "This article does not attempt to place the blame. Responsibili ty for existing conditions may rest upon the shoulders of the mill operators. Or, the fault may lie with the workers. All this is beside the point. The one outstanding factor about the entire situation is that the textile striike had no business taking place. "The textile industry was the first to adopt a code of its own. That code specified certain details about wages and labor. If the mills are not living up to those conditions, why doesn’t the gov ernment step in and make them live up to them? "If the owners are living up to those conditions, what justifi cation have the men for. walking out? j ^“* “""* iv6«lu tions for all lines of business. A scale of price was established for various commodities manufactured in various sections of the country. Employers of labor were told specifically how long they might keep their mills open and how many shifts they could work daily. Similar restrictions were placed upon all lines of re tail business. Word was sent out that 100 per cent co-operation was imperative. "If the government had authority to go that far, then the government also has authority for dealing'with a situation like the one which has developed in the textile industry. "Those are straightforward facts, without any pussyfooting. "Absolutely nothing will be gained by the strike. The mill operators are going to lose So will the men. So will practically every other citizen in North Carolina. "And that is where the real injustice comes in. If the effects of the strike could be confined to the employers and employes of the textile industry alone, it wouldn’t be so bad. But such is not the case. The agricultural and business interests of the state will be vitally affected. So will the welfare of almost every individual. And all we can do is watch the situation develcyp from bad to worse. "Regardless of what issues are involved in a matter of this nature, no small group of men should be granted file power to undermine the well-being of the rest of our citizenry.’’—Gastonia Gazette. :- x_ TODAY AND TOMORROW -BY Frank Parker Stockbridge DEFINITIONS . take "Liberal” I hear a great many people using aid words with new meaning. This results in confused thinking and misunderstanding, especially when folk are talking about political matters. The word "Liberal” is one which I hear often loosely used as if it meant the same thing as "Radical.” A Liberal scheme of government is one in which the rights of every minority group, however small, are recognized and protected. It is, I believe, the ideal of every intelli gent thinker on political matters. And it is not necessary to have a democracy to have a Liberal gov ernment; in a broad sense the British government is Liberal, and so are other European monarchies. But the government of Germany, Russia and Italy today are anything but Liberal; and I seem to see signs that the Government of the United States is slipping away from its old Liberal attitude. RADICALISM .... its meaning "Radical” is another good word that has had its meaning corrupted. It means, literally, getting down to the roots of things. Now it is gen erally understood to mean a man or a group that seeks to uproot every thing that exists and turn the world topsy-turvy. The word "Conservative” is also being carelessly used, as if it meant one who was opened to any change whatever in the existing scheme of things. I know a good many genu ine Conseveratives, and without ex ception they are entirely sympathe tic to the ultimate ideals of ever some who are classed as extremi radicals. " One has to be careful, these days in discussing anything of a politica nature, to make sure that both par ties to the discussion mean the sami thing with the same words. CLASSES.not her One of the reasons why th< United States has become the mos powerful and the most prosperou nation in the world is the utte absence of any "class” systen among its people. On the one ham we have no peasantry tied to th sail; on the other we have no here ditary aristocracy. Every Ameri can is and always has been free ti move from the social group or en vironment in which he was bori and reared, into any other group according to his own ambition am lability. I do not believe this system cai be improved upon. I am concerned therefore, with every movemen which would tend to separat Americans into distinct "classes in which they are condemned t remain. I don’t believe it can b done. We have not yet exhaustei opportunity for individual indepen dence. , MONEYMAKERS.a typ I have a friend who occupies high position in the Federal Gov ernment and has a background o wide business experience. Dinin; with him in Washington a few eve nings ago, he dropped this nes idea: "If I were President of th United States, trying to bring th nation out of an economic crisis,1 he said, "I would have the Treasur Down From the Stratosphere-by A. B. Chapin Department examine all the in come tax returns and discover who are the best money-makers in the country. Then I would put those men in the key positions, instead of filling the high posts with men who never made a dollar in their lives. They would be able to point the way out of the depression with plans that would work.” I pointed out that that wouldn’t be good politics. Any President that did that would be accused of "selling out to Wall Street.’’ My friend agreed that was a practical difficulty in the way of his idea, but I think it’s a pretty sound thought, at that. ANNUITIES . . . grow in favor I have a friend, a young doctor, who isn’t worrying about his future. As fast as he can get hold of $100 that he doesn’t need to use, he tells me, he buys an annuity contract from one of the big life insurance companies, which will begin when he is sixty to pay him a pension for the rset of his life, and if he should die sooner, all he has paid in will be returned to his heirs. "Any man who tries to pick his own investments or to make money by speculating in stocks is a plain sucker,” he remarked. "Nobody can make money in that way unless he gives his whole time to it, and a busy professional man hasn’t the time or the ability to study invest ments. If the big life insurance companies can’t do better with my ■ money than I can, then their man agement is incompetent, and I don’t believe it is. And if they smash, the whole country will smash and I’ll be no worse off in one case than in the other.” Insurance men tell me that a rapidly growing number of business and professional men are buying present or deferred annuities, eithei for lump sums or on instalment payments. | PICAYUNES ' HUNTIN’ SEASON DRAWS OR I There has been considerable’ trad , ing on the Branch lately. Mr Burns Baird traded a shotgun tc Mr. John B. Anderson. —Big Branch item, Marshall News-Record. THE ONE, WE GUESS, ASSUR \ ED THE OTHER Mrs. J. R. Vlodfelter recently , entertained the small children oi Fairview Sunday school. Plenty ol c ice cream was on hand and ade , lightful time was had by all. ’ —Fairview item, Thomasville New: , & Times. >1 - i THE JOKE’S ON HIM At Prosperity schoolhouse, begin ning at 8 o’clock on Saturday night, members of Prosperity ; grange will present "The Man Whc i Left the Farm,’’ a typical mirtl: . provoking play in three acts, f —-Gold Flill item, Stanly News & r Press. r TWO TRUCK LOADS O’ WHAT? : The Epworth and Riverside Sim : day schools went on a picnic at ’ Minnesott last Wednesday. Roney r Sutton and Graham Kirkman car ried two truck loads and everyone, had an enjoyable day in spite of the rain. —Epworth item, New Bern Tri bune. LAST PERMANENT MUST’A UNPERMANTED Miss Dolly Barker was a shopper in New Bern during the week-end. She has a new permanent wave. —Stella item, New Bern Tribune. WINTER DRAWS ON Mrs. L. H. Pringle left Tuesday for her home in Cortez, Fla. She will stop over several days in South Carolina visiting relatives. , —Bogue item, Beaufort News. , MR. HEDRICK HAS COMPANY , Harvey Hedrick is a very happy i man these days. He has, he says, ; been trying to get the boys to walk < out and join him in idleness for r the past five ears and now they’ve t gone and done it. If anyone, says < Mr. Hedrick, finds time hanging ! heavy or anything of that sort, he is at their service, “having developed the fine points in spending a day doing absolutely nothing except those things he wishes to do. —David Sink, Lexington Dispatch. BOGGAN TO BOGGAN Mr. Y. M. Boggan has returned to his home in Wingate after spend ing the past week with Mr. J. M. Boggan. —Pee Dee item, Montgomery Her ald. SLATE, SHINGLES OR A HOME LOAN ? W. J. Hatley is recovering his dwelling house. —Millingport item, Stanly News & Press. 'SHORT FOR SLAXAPHONE, "WE RECKON Miss Saxton Boss of Walnut Cove, who will be the music teach er here this year, arrived Monday. —Star item, Montgomery Herald. NATURE NOTE, OF KITTY CATFISHES All the big catfish swarming around the docks to feast on shrimp heads appear to have little kittens by the dozens. —State Port Pilot. NAMES IS NAMES Mr. and Mrs. Pink Shell and children attended the Shell reunion at Nebo Sunday. —Jonas Ridge item, Morganton News-Herald. Feels a Lot Better ^ When Black-Draught Relieves Constipation From many states come reports like the following from Mr. W. M. Henderson, of Jasper, Fla: “I have been taking Thedford’s Black Draught twenty years. I take It for constipation that gives me a dull, tired, aching feeling, and I have headache, too. Black-Draught relieves me of this trouble, After a few doses, I feel as good as new. I keep it in my home. I have a big family. When one of us is ail ing (from constipation), we take Black-Draught and almost always J feel a lot better. It has been worth its weight in gold to my I family.” ... Sold in 25* packages, “Children like the Syrup.” , —gg—1— ■ ■■■■ ■■!.. , P THIS WEEK IN WASHINGTON (Continued from page one) Republican speakers in the cur ■ent Congressional campaign are be ginning to make use of the Douglas •esignation and the Morgenthau igures; with what effect remains to De seen. Beyond doubt, in the more :onservative parts of the nation, a •eaction against the Administration s setting in, but that this will re mit in the return of a Republican najority to the new Congress is not expected by even the most ardent levotee of the G.O.P. And any republican gains are nKeiy to tx; iffset by the election of some radi :al members from the Central West nd parts of the South, who will lemand that the Federal Govern tent go even farther to the left ban it has gone. Moreover, a good leal of the disaffection is in the iouth, where it is regarded as prac rically hopeless to get any consider ible number of people to accept the name "Republican” on any party Danner which .they will follow. The name of "Constitution Party” has been adopted and thrown into the picture by at least one former Demoract. He is Col. Henry Breckinridge, who was as sistant Secretary of War in Presi dent Wilson’s administration and has lately figured in the limelight as attorney for Col. Charles A. Lindbergh. H has declared for United States Senator from New York under the "Constitution Party” banner. As Ian anti-New Dealer he may give Senator Cope land a lively contest, unless the Republicans nominate a stronger candidate than any now in sight. At the other extreme of that poliitical picture is the nomination "in Dpmnrr^tir rif'lcpf- -fr\r CZnxr crnor of California, of Upton Sin clair, author of many extremely radical bookstand an avowed Social ist though his Socialism is more a mixture of Henry George and Ed ward Bellamy than the pure Karl Marx brand. His slogan, EPIC, which stands for "End Poverty in California,” is calculated to catch the Radical voters, but it is no se cret in Washington that the situa tion created thereby has the Admin istration worried. For that matter, as one able observer remarked the other day, there are no secrets in Washington. The dilemma is whether to rec ognize Sinclair as a Democrat, and thereby put the seal of. Administra tion approval on a program which out-deals the New Deal; or to dis claim him, and thereby alienate the radical element upon whose votes the Administration is counting leavyily. The general opinion here s that the conservative Democrats of California will throw their ;trength to the Republican candi lates for Governor and Congress, which may upset somewhat the lopes of further Democratic gains from the Pacific Coast. A more immediate worry is the ;eneral labor situation, with strikes ncreasing in number and serious less and the Administration trying :o figure out whether it wauld be letter politics to put all strikers on he relief rolls or to tighten up on ts relief program.