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Carolina Watchmar Published Every Friday Morning By The Carolina Watchman Pub. Co^ SALISBURY, NORTH CAROLINA E. W. G. Huffman __ President J, R. Felts,-Business Mgr, SUBSCRIPTION RATES: Payable In Advance One Year_$1.00 6 Months_ .5 0 Entered as second-class mail matter at the postoffice at Sal isbury, N. C., under the act of March 3, 1879. The influence of weekly news papers on public opinion exceeds that of all other publications in the country.—Arthur Brisbane. A. m A , y TT, WOOOM* , POPULATION DATA (1930 Census) Salisbury _16,951 Spencer _3,128 E. Spencer_2,098 China Grove_1,258 Landis _ 1,3 88 Rockwell_ 696 Granite Quarry_ 507 Cleveland_ 43 5 Faith _ 431 Gold Hill _L 156 (Population Rowan Co. 56,665) OLD AGE PENSIONS FOR EVERYONE The movement for nation-wide old-age pensions seems to be grow ing with great rapidity. We arc not referring now to the California project of giving every person over sixty years old two hundred dollars a month to spend, but to more carefully thought out plans, such as several states have tried, of seeing to it that no person who is past the age of useful, produc tive work, shall be permitted to starve or freeze to death. The human race has come a long way up the ladder of moral evolu tion. Among some aboriginal tribes it is still the custom to kill off the old men and women when thev can no longer bear their share of the social burden of subsistence. It is sanctioned by long-established custom and is regarded as neither sinful nor criminal. In some of the islands of the South Seas the elderly, when they feel their pow ers failing, quietlv remove them selves by plunging into the shark infested lagoons. In a Christian civilization, how ever, we cannot contemplate wit! equanimity a system which permit! the aged to drag out their declin ing years in misery and want. The system of herding them into poor houses served for a centurv or two but it put the stigma of pauper ism upon all of the inmates. Any system of old-age pensions it seems to us, if it is to conforrr to the humanitarian spirit of the age. must apply to all alike, wheth er distitute or not. If a J. P. Mor gan or a Rockefeller reaches the pension age, he should get his mon thly check just the same as the de stitute day-laborer or farm-hand Only in that way will the stigm: of pauperism be avoided. "EASY MONEY” IS GONE FOREVER We hear a good many people talking about "Recovery’’ as ii they believed that the aim and pur pose of all the things that are be ing undertaken in the name of that commendable objective was tc bring baok the "easy-money” dav> of the later 1920’s. We don’t think that any thoughtful men, in 01 out of politics, expect or desire anything of the sort. Those days were times wher the hope and belief that there wai some short-cut to riches pervaded s large section of the American peo ple. We fear that there are many ambitious young men who cherish the same sort of hope. We be lieve that most of them are doom ed to disappointment. 1 To be sure, not many people ac tually did get rich in a hurry, bu everybody, figuratively speaking had a try at it. And enough a chieved sudden wealth to inspir others with the belief that it wa easy. As 3 matter of fact, it nev er was easy. The public simpl; didn’t hear about the hard, patien work that those who succeeded dii before riches began to come thei way; they only heard of them afte they had won their wealth. We do not understand that ther is a purpose, anywhere, to restor conditions under which anybod can expect or hope to get riche without working even harder fo ' them than those who gained then in the past worked. There alway have been, always will be, a few ti whom making money is a natura talent, under any social scheme will always accumulate more thai the majority. And we believe tha there are as many opportunities a ever, perhaps more than ever, fo the accumulation of wealth. Tr eppme rn ns bnwpvpr rh:ir fni 1 good many years to come then is going to be a much closer scru tiny of the means whereby mer become wealthy, and importani riches are not going to be earnec except by those who, in earning them, do something which defin itely benefits society as a whole. TODAY AND TOMORROW —BY— Frank Parker Stockbridge TAXES . . . time to halt I don’t know of any community, county or state in which taxes havt not gone up in the past two o: three years. Certainly there is none in which taxes are not mater ially higher than they were ter iyears ago. I’ve just got my tax .bills for 1934, and perhaps I’m unduly concerned; but I can’t help I coming back to the belief I have long cherished, that sooner or latei | we’ve got to abandon the tax or i capital and hnd other ard mort equitable ways of raising money with which to run our various gov ernments. The real estate property tax is a tax on capital. Nothing like it ex ists anywhere else in the world, sc far as I am informed. It was ad opted in America in the pioneei davs when there wasn’t anything else much, to tax except land. 1 like- the English system much bet ter. There property is taxed on rhs basis of what it earns—the inconu tax carried down to the income ol everybody who owns a piece oi property that is rented. Of course there are other taxes, but they d( ;net constitute a lien on real pro perty. Property' taxes can’t go mucl 1 higher, in most parts of the nation without stirring up a revolt agains the present sy'stem. il * INCOMES . . . the average The average income in the Unit ed States is said, by' Henry Wallae in his new book, to be about o under SI,500 a year. That includ es everybody' who works for a liv ing—except farmers. He figure that the average farm income ha been cut down from about SI,301 ^ rmii- rr. i ci m oeUinrv 111-a C t flfl year. Of course, Mr. Wallace is talk ing about cash incomes. Out o his $1,5 00 a year the industria worker has to pay for food am lodging. If he has $500 a yea left he is either a financial wizan ;or just plumb lucky. But th farmer, out of his $5 00 cash- in come, has to pay taxes and, like a j not, mortgage interest, to say noth j ing of insurance and other item :he can’t "work out,” so it’s abou i as broad as it is long. I The fallacy, it seems to me, lie in comparing the farmer with th* wage-earner. The proper com parison is between the farmer am the business man, owner of his owi business. The farmer is a capital ist, and subject to the risks that al capital is subject to. That isn’t t( I say mat ne aoesn t nave plenty u trouble, but at the worst he is no in such imminent danger of starva tion as the unemployed industria worker. a- g s I don’t know how many kind: of Internal Revenue stamps then are, but it strikes me that the easi est and most painless wav for am government to collect taxes is b\ making it illegal to sell anything that doesn’t bear a Governmen stamp. I know that’s merely an other way of saying "sales tax,’ which is a phrase that always make: r IF YOU will take about a minute J OF YOUR time, and try to think 1 * S' !<• r OF THE names of the folks in our ^ :f :r :r LITTLE STORY today, you will a a a HAVE NO trouble in doing so. * if -r !f ' HOWEVER, IF you do, ask your s * * * r NEIGHBOR, FOR he will know. * * * "YOU BOYS of today want too S' I ’jMUCH MONEY. Do you know 1 j * * a , WHAT I was getting when I * s> MARRIED YOUR aunt?” said a a a ’ A CERTAIN nephew. "No,” was THE REPLY. "And I’ll bet you a a a , DIDN’T EITHER.” a a a I THANK YOU. politicians see red. Nevertheless, some of our most important sources of revenue are from the sales taxes, already in force. There are revenue sKimps on every bottle of liquor, every barrel of beer, every pack of playing I cards, every pack of cigarettes or box of cigars. Shares of stock can not be legally transferred without cfirlcinty tnmnt nn rViPnv Everyone is familiar with the sales tax on gasoline. The only reason why stamp or 'sales taxes are not imposed upon j flour, potatoes, shoes, hats and banned goods, is the fear of the politicians in power that the ordi jnary man would thus be forced to realize that he is paying taxes, and ! would vote the politicians who im : posed them out of office. There j isn’t any other reason at all. REALITIES ... are few Most of us live in a dream world, in which we think that there is some magic process, if only we could find it, which would make us 'happy and prosperous. When something unpleasant happens we | are prone to attribute it to mali ■cious fate, which can only be over come by finding some new incanta tion which will work the right magic to set everything straight again. Pew people are courageous enough to face realities. The reali ties of life are terrifying to those who have been brought up to be lieve that "somebody” is always going to look out for them. They are not at all frightful to the few who realize that nothing in life is i essential to happiness except food and shelter. I trv to be tolerant of everybody i else’s foibles and frailties, but I get . disgusted with people who think thev are being badly used merely because they can’t have everything thev desire at the moment they de sire it. | * * : DRINKING . . . and accidents ■j Vermont reports five times as many automobile accidents since the repeal of prohibition as in any > year previous. Vermont newspap ers and officials are unanimous in 1 blaming this on liquor. The Gov i ernment collected $86,000,000 in taxes on distilled liquors and $169, • 000,000 on beer in the year end ing July 1, but only $4,000.000*on I wines. Better wine is made in the 1 United States than in France or I ing people. The dream of sudden prosperin' Through repeal has proved merely a dream. Hundreds of concerns That got liquor licenses in New York, thinking everybody was go ing to rush to the bars, have aban i Honed them rather than pav the high license fee. Many liquor dealers have gone broke, j It took a hundred years of edu I cation to arouse public sentiment ijagainst the abuse of alcohol. Now ■ the effort seems to be all in the l other direction. Prohibition was i unworkable as a national program. : It will take a couple of generations : to bring us back to a sane, balanced understanding of the liquor ques tion. Meantime, drunken dsivers will kill off a growing percentage of sober folk. The modern man may not know how to run a garden, but he knows ■ I where he can buy the vegetables | and get trusted for them. 1 Last spring the boys couldn’t | attend to their work because of j baseball, and now thev won’t be table to on account of football. | PICAYUNES | THE LOST IS, FOUNDERED F. C. Craven lost a fine milk cow last week, the cow was found ered. —Bethany news, Lexington Dis patch. WHICH’N? Rev. N. B. Phillips, pastor of the Baptist church, preached a fine ser imon to a capacity house Sunday ’evening. His subject was "The !Sign of the End as Seen in the 'jew.” -Hast nat ivock tunopunucncL, ! Hendersonville Times—News. i - !MUST’A BEEN THE ONES WE 1HEARD SIN GIN’ SWEET ! AD-O-LINE I LOST—Pair of bi-vocal glasses —Return to Mrs. Hardenson, Rose niont Inn—Liberal Reward. 2t Pd. —Adv., Western Carolina Tribune. — \NOT WHEN THE YOUNG DE MOCRATS ARE AT THE PIE COUNTER .... but it is also not easy to think of a Republican said to be about 4 years of age and weighing around 200 pounds . . . —Excerpt, editorial, Charlottee News. ALL THEY NEED TO GO INTO THE POWER BUSINESS ;c a run/ Mrs. H. F. Wade has returned from a visit to her daughter at Scotland Neck. With her came her granddaughter, little Virginia Lake Allsbrook, for a stay in Zebulon. : —Zebulon Record. WE’VE HAD SOME EXPERI ENCE LIKE THAT TOO His expensive experience and fine personality and ability are consid ered valuable assets to the head quarters staff. ( —Excerpt, Lumberton Robenson- . ian. A La TURLINGTON Dr. Daniel in his funny talk be- . fore the Mt. Olive festival the other ( day told the story of the Goldsboro lawyer who early in August was . guest at dinner of a well known j farmer. , The hostess asked him if he < would have some corn. ; Instinctively the lawyer passed , his glass. , —Goldsboro News-Argus. ; SANITARY PIE Mr. Wash Tart visited in the ] Pleasant Union community Sun- i day. —Ebenezer item, Goldsboro News Argus. , - i A HACK OFF THE OLD BLOCK , AT TONG LAST Mr. and Mrs. Hack Watkins an- ; nounce the arrival of a son on i September 15. This is their first ] boy after six girls. He’s already 1 called "Hack, Jr.” —Cleveland News, Smithfield Herald. - i MUST’A LETT TI1EIR AXES AT ' Till. EIRE HOUSE An oil stove caught on fire at the home of Mr. and Mrs. P. S. : Young on South Main street Friday 1 evening. The fire department promptly responded to the alarm, but no damage was done. —-Item, Davie Record. BOTH OE ’EM BITIN’ THEIR THUMBS NOW, THOUGH The daily press has done a com munity service in almost totally ig noring the Ham revival in Char lotte Roth The Observer inH the News have given scant attention to the assertions of the evangelist and thus localized the furor which often follows in a community when such meetings are carried on. We do not remember to have seen any .report of what the speaker usually has to say in uncalled for and un just attacks upon the Jews. The News had one editorial reference to a wild statement about Jacob Schiff and the assertion that the Jews were running the government at Wash- i Jngton. It is hard to understand why one .would think that the cause of i Christianity could be be served by : attacks upon other religions or races or why otherwise good people j should fcr a moment wish to hear them. Mr. Ham’s fire has been neatly localized. —Beasleys harm oL Home weekly.J ] LIQUID DROPS SALVE NOSE DROPS Checks Malaria in 3 days, Colds j first day, Headaches or Neuralgia! in 3 0 minutes. Fine Laxative and Tonic Most Speedy Remedies Known, j A Silent Autumn Movie by A. B. Chapin THIS WEEK IN WASHINGTON (Continued from page one) :ontinuance of the plan, it is to b< bandoned after one year. Another poll, conducted by ar >utside agency, is giving the Ad ninistration something to thin! ibout however. The National In lustrial Conference Board, of whicl Virgil Joddan is rhe 'head, anc vhich has a good reputation as at mpartial fact-finding organization ent a questionnaire to the edito: >f every newspaper in the Unite< States, daily or weekly, asking sev ral questions about public send nent in each community in respec o various phases of the Recoven >rogram. Nearly 5,000 of the 12, )00 editors addressed sent in re dies giving their best judgment o heir communities’ attitude. The majority, in many cases a: >verwhelmins» maiorirv. renorrei Democrats Avoiding Sales Tax As Issue 'j _ |Party Chiefs in State Not at All Inclined To Take Stumps to Praise Alleged Merits of Levy r Raleigh.—Red-headed stepchild before election day November 6, that it is, the sales tax is not com- but he is thinking about, he says, i ing in for any pats on the back getting out some literature with , from the officials at state Demo- a state flavor to it. ■Jcratic headquarters here, nor is it Literature now being distributed lj likely the Democrats will spend was sent here by the national De imuch time on the political stumps j mocratic committee and the minia praising alleged merits of the tax.! tUre handbooks carry on their front'll No mention at all was made of pages this inscription: y^ i the sales tax in the state platform "What New Deaj Has Done For <4 • j adopted by the Democratic state Relief Recovery5 Reform.” ^convention here in June. t-, „ t-i ■ . , ‘ 1 hat Governor Ehringhaus, who j But while the Democratic chief-;persuacJecJ the 1933 legislature to Jtains are putting the soft pedal oniaccept thc sales tax as a two-vear ! the sales tax they are not turning -'emergency measure,” intends to I deaf ears to reP°rts that ln some urge the 193 5 General Assemble counties, especially some of those to‘re_enact it is no longer doubted I located in the western part of the in political circles. ■ state, the tax is a big issue. Some ., , . , r i_* rx While the governor is keeping : of the biggest Democratic guns] . . ° ' l are to be sent into the counties iclu'et:’ ir is being heard eftorts wil1 [ where the tax is such an issue. j be made to persuade the legisla Chairman Wallace Winborne is! ture to remove present exemption not preparing any state handbook j now allowed on certain articles of of party achievements during thejfood in hope that the revenue from 1 current biennium for distribution the sales tax wdll be increased. hat people generally were opposet o compulsory unemployment insur ince, tor old-age pensions, agains urther increase in the nationa lebut, for reduction in the Federa aayrolls and the application of thi Zivil Service law to new jobs, a gainst price-fixing of both agri rultural and industrial products igainst restriction of agricultura >r industrial production, opposed t( lovernmcnt competition in an) find of business, to Governmeni aking over the banking system igainst power of the Executive U ihange the value of the dollar, op aosed to the use of the taxinj power for the redistribution ol vealth, for private profits in busi less, against regulation of profit except public utilities, for Govern nent fixing of minimum wage ind maximum hours of labor, a gainst compulsory membership it abor unions, and for levislatinr Catawba Preparing I For Guilford Game — j After being held to a scoreless tie [on Saturday afternoon bv the Elon college Christians, conference champions of last year, the Cataw ba Indians are working harder than ever for their homecoming game here Saturday with the Guilford , Quakers. i Monday afternoon saw the I,Tribesmen engaged in a heated j scrimmage, with the varsity scoring [three touchdowns against the sec ond team. Red Meehan, the state’s ‘ leading scorer who has 3 6 points , to h*s credit all gained in three con t#sts, continued his powerful line driving and chalked up one score. . Tony Maggiello, the battering-ram for the Catawba backs, intercepted . a pass and galloped for a touch ' down. Tony never carries the ball |m a regular game being used en tirely as a blocking back, but he! moves his 18 5 pounds with as much ease as a ballet dancer. Ding Dinges, ; the lad who won the title of "The [Altoona Express” by his brilliant runs in the Erskine game, wiggled I Joose for a 30 yard run and a touch- 1 down. After the varsity had com pleted its day’s work, Coach Kirk-: land scrimmaged his second and teamS- for about 30 minutes. Values Of Salisbury The value of products manufac tured and printed in Salisbury, a census bureau report revealed, to talled $4,712,002 compared witn $4,576,750 in 1931 when the pre vious census of manufacturers was taken. A slight increase in the number of wage earners also was re ported, totaling 1,5 84 in 1933 against 1,445 in 1931. There was a decrease in the payroll, however, totalling only $924,656 last year against $1,118,315 in 1931. naking sympathetic strikes anc ockouts illegal. Salisbury Man Break; Leg In Unusual Waj Frank Gallimore, salesman fo: :he Southern Public Utilities com aanv, is suffering from a broken lej is the result of an unusual acciden; ate Monday evening. While horseback riding in th< :ity about dusk, an automobile .werved into the main road from ; ;ide road, and to avoid a head-ot :ollision, Gallimore pulled his horsi harply to the side. The horsi sartly slipped off a small bank, anc r» etrnoolino ta rinkt 11 < Rural Stores Show Increase In Sales Washington.—August sales of general merchandise in small towns and rural areas were 17 percent greater than in July and 5 percent greater than in August last year, the Commerce Department report ed. In the Far West such sales we* 33 percent above the 1933 level and 17.5 percent greater than in July'. In the South the respectis gains were 1.5 and 1.5 percent, respectively. oo O O 7" nore was jammed against the fend :r of the auto, and his leg broker n several places. He is a patieni n the Rowan general hospital. ONCE li^ed like an Arabihr knight Prince—now eating in ; :harity restaurant. Read the stor} >f the mighty fashion king of Pari: vho was reduced to poverty. Oni >f the many interesting illustratet tories in the Amarican Weekly he magazine which comes with th< 5ALTIMORE SUNDAY AMERI CAN, issue of October 21. Buy /our copy from your favorite news lealer or newsboy. WHAT MRS. A. J. COLLINS OF ASHEVILLE NORTH CAROLINA SAYS ABOUT RATS < - I Tried preparations that killed rats but BEST-YET the only oik that prevents disagreeable odors after killing. Also like BEST-YE 1 because it comes in powder form no mixing with other food, ready ') use just the way you get it, you don’t have to dirty' your hands. Ti best for household use as it kills rats and mice only, will not hurt your cat, dog or chickens. Comes in two sizes, 2 oz. size for the ™ *°r the farm 50c- SoW and guaranteed by THE 1 FOIL BROTHERS GROCERY, 111 W. Fisher St. Salisbury, N. C.