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The Carolina Watchman “i::, ___A NEWSPAPER DEVOTED TO THE UPBUILDING OF ROWAN COUNTY FOUNDED 1832—103RD YEAR SALISBURY, FRIDAY MORNING, MAY 24, 1933 " VOL. 103 NO. 43 PRICE 2 CENTS r our State Parks Now Being Developed Bonus Payment Blocked By Senate WAIHBN<SR)N Publishers Oppose Codes The Clark Resolution Predict Early Adjourn ment Work Relief Takes Shape The President of the United States, whoever he may be, seldom hears the truth. Some president' resent having the truth told tc them if the facts do not fit in with rheir ideas or the policies which they are trying to put into effect. Other presidents have striven earn estly to learn the truth but have been so surrounded with "yes men’ and advisers who have their own axes to grind that they have failec to get a true picture of the state oi the public mind. In some such language as ha! just been set down, Presidem Roosevelt’s sincere well-wishers ar< seeking to explain his recent ex pressions of distrust of the patriot ism and sincerity of business or ganizations which have disapprovec some of the measures which he -i urging upon Congress, and some o: the experiments which have beer made by Government in the pas two years. "Everybody except the Presiden knows that NRA is as dead as Pro hibition,” is an expression com monly heard here. It is commoi knowledge that the Codes hav proved unworkable, except perhap in the case of a very few basic in dustries concerned with natural re sources. The latest group to denounce th Codes are the newspaper publisher of the nation. First the dailies operating under their own Code then the country papers and print ing shops, under another Code, de dared in their annual convention that they could not go along un less drastic changes were made changes which, in effect, woul nullify the Codes. One Federal Court after anothe has declared one Code after an other unconstitutional. The Su preme Court has decided in thi "hot oil” case that Congress ha: no power to delegate legislative au thority, and that decision knockec one of the main props out fron undfer the whole Code system Enough intimations have beei given from the Supreme bench t( lead to the belief when its decisioi comes down, in two or three weeks in the Schechter chicken-butche case, it will be to deny the right o Congress to exercise any contro whatever over any business con ducted entirely within a state. The Senate had taken notice o all such things, and its leaders hai twice served notice on the Presiden that they would not go along wit] him on the two year extension o NRA, which he had asked foi They helped him "save face” b adopting the Clark resolution, ex tending the NRA for nine month after it expires by law on June 16 with all price-fixing provisions an control of intna-state commerc eliminated. Senator Dennett t_,iarK oi mis souri, son of the late Speake Champ Clark, is as shrewd a poli tician as was his distinguishe father. He told the President o public sentiment in regard to NRA The adoption will amount to th disintegration of NRA, for ther will not be time, in the ten montl allowed under the Clark resolutior to revise any material number c Codes, and therefore most of ther will just "peter out,” as Prohibitio enforcement did. All the political prophets look fc similiar compromises on the rest c the Administration’s program, an for adjournment of Congress b early July. There will be plent more agitation for immediate pa) ment of the veterans’ bonus, backe by the strongest "pressure bloc” i the nation. The best bet is th: nothing will come of it this sessioi The House probably will pass tl bill for revision of the Agricultur; Adjustment Administration i much the form in which it is hanc ed to them, but it is likely to stril some pretty difficult snags in tl Senate. That is the case, also, with tl Administration’s banking bil which the House has passed abot as it was drafted by Mr. Eccle Governor of the Federal Resen (Continued on page four) Vote, 54-40 Fails To Override Veto Of The President New Plans For Payment Of The Bonus Are Now Under Way; Borah Makes Strong Plea Washington. — The senate Thursday blocked enactment of the Patman inflationary bonus bill l by refusing to pass the legislation over President Roosevelt veto. The vote to override was 54 to i 40. The senate originally passed : the Patman bill 55 to 3 3. The house voted to override the veto by : 322 to 98. The senate action killed the bill ■ but opened the way for a new l drive for similar legislation. Cash : bonus forces were ready to offer an > alternate proposal as a "rider” tc ■ the pending naval appropriation - bill. President Roosevelt was having a meeting of the allotment boa)rd : when the veto came. He v/as no s tified immediately but made nc , comment. , The vote came after the senate - had listened to widely conflicting - claims ranging from an assertion s the legislation may "lead to ruin1 - to another that it would be "good , business” to pay off the obligation 1 now. j\s jrarman Donus dui supporters ’ conceded their campaign to over • ride President Roosevelt’s veto was lost, barring last minute changes, ; Senattor Borah (R-Ida.) urged the ; senate to pass the $2,200,000,000 inflationary measure. I "I make no concealment, I offer 1 no apology,” he said, "for the be • lief that the country needs a larger 1 volume of money, a larger volume 1 of currency. For that reason I b; 1 lieve this bill is in harmony with > the interests of the entire country.” As the momentous vote, expect ed late in the afternoon, neared, l Senator Long (D-La.), who had ' been optimistic of over-riding the veto, predicted the administration would win by five votes. - Democratic leaders said so fat 1 as they knew they had not lost a c single one of the 3 5 votes cast 1 against the bill two weeks ago and ^ predicted the final roll call would ■ show almost 40 votes to uphold the 1 president. Packed galleries listened lif'essh s to a rather cut and dried debate ’ until Borah took the floor. Vet ^ erans, some in Khaki, were sprink e led thru the throng. r House Adopts HOLC i Conference Report f _ Washington.—The house adopt ed the conference report on th HOLC bill, which makes availabl s $1,750,000,000 for home financ £ ing purposes, an amount that cor responds to an amendment intro duced by Representative Hancocl some tige ago. The bill also con tains a provision under whicl home owners, desiring to refinanc< £ their mortgages with the assistant of the government, have 30 mori days in which to file their applica ^ tions. It is taken for granted thai ^ President Roosevelt will sign thi d bilL Mr. Hancock said that betweei ™ 7,000 and 8,000 people in Nortl Carolina had made application fo: this kind of government financ d ing;_ a_ RUSSIAN PLANE CRASHES 6 The Maxim Gorky, largest lam airplane in the world, crashei Saturday in collision with a smal I airplane, says a Moscow dispatch ^ Forty-nine persons were killed, in eluding eight women and six chil ’ dren. The pilot of the smal plane was doing stunts agains orders and perished in the disaster 100 Million Dollars To Be Spent On Farm Electrification Plan Only 13 Per Cent of The Nation’s Farms Now Have Electric Power Due to High Cost The Administration this week made extension of power lines to 1,000,000 American farm homes now lighted with lamps and candles a major part of its $4,000,000,000 work-relief program. Officials hoped, by spending at least $100,000,000 for rural elec trification, to employ thousands of needy and start a drive for reduced rates the nation over. President Roosevelt assigned Morris L. Cooke, Philadelphia pow er expert, to the unprecedented task of supervising the work, set ting up or acquiring power plants, stringing wires over prairies and mountains. s~\ i -a _ ___’ vyiu^ l j j^vi cv.iu tiiv vuuimj -j 6,200,000 farms have power—and 64 per cent have automobiles. Cooke said "relatively high charges for electricity that prevail in many sections” has kept power consumption from increasing. “It seems fairly certain that if average costs to consumers were substantially reduced, a great in crease in consumption would fol low. Doubling the use all but cuts power costs in half,” he said. Cooke’s program, by creating rural electricity units in various sections of the country, will tie in with the National Resources Board’s recommendations for a nation-wide network of high trans mission lines. NRB suggested the Government develop hydro-electric power plants on streams and rivers. The energy, created on a large scale and there fore cheap in price, could be car ried to almost every potential con sumer. The Administration, with part of its $900,000,000 re-employment construction fund, will finance the new hydro-electric develop ments and complete others started with the original $3,300,000,000 public works appropriaion. P¥A attorneys have drafted model laws setting up rural electri fication co-operatives for submis sion to state legislatures. The pro jects are to be financed by revenue bonds payable in from 20 to 30 years. Fiddlers To Fiddle! At Cooleemee While the fiddlers’ are fiddling the dancers will be dancing in the Old Time Fidders’s Convention to be held at Cooleemee on Saturday night, June 1st, at 8 p. m. The convention will be held in the consolidated school building promptly at 8 and a large number of cash prizes are being offered. The square dance, the Old Vir ginia reel and also the shuffle dance will be put on in connection with the convention. Some of the State’s most noted musicians and dancers will attend ! this convention and everyone who attends are insured some real music and entertainment. ' Our old friend, J. C. Sell says: "It will be bigger and better than 1 ever.” i _ ' EX-GOV. McLEAN ILL Reports from the bedside of former Governor Angus W. Mc Lean, of North Carolina, who is suffering in Washington City from : a clot in his right lung, indicate f that he is much improved and at tending physicians are encouraged • over his condition. He was strick en April 19 and remained in an ’ Atlantic City hotel until last Fri 1 day when a sudden change devel c oped and he was carried to Emer • gency hospital in Washington. A Prince, A Count and an Ameri Heiress ■ -1-■— EENO, Nev. .. . Above is Barbara Hutton, heiress to Woolworth Dime Store Millions, photographed outside her quarters just before she was granted divorce from Prince Mdivani (below left.) Above, left, is Count Kurt von Haugwitz-Beventhlow of Denmark, who arrived in New York the week previous to granting of the divorce here, rumor having it that he was soon to wed Barbara. GOOD MORNING UP AND AT ’EM "Shall we have a : riendly game of cards?” "No, let’s play bridge.” Wife—"Why don’t you put the cat out as I told you?” Absent-Minded Professor—"I put something out. Ye gods! It must have been the baby.” A London doctor touring in the provinces had difficulty in obtain ing suitable lodgings in a small town. One landlady, showing him a dingy bedroom, remarked persua sively, "As a whole, this is quite a nice room, isn’t it?” "Yes, madam,” he agreed, "but as a bedroom it’s no good.” In the dimly lit conservatory Herbert had asked Elsie to marry him. She had consented with fit ting modesty. "Bertie, dear,” she murmured, "am I the Only girl—” "Now, look here, dearest,” he interrupted, "don’t ask me if you are the only girl I ever loved. You know as well as I do that—” "Oh, that wasn’t the question at all, Bertie,” she- answered. “I was just going to ask you if I' was the only girl that would have you.” Dora had returned from Sunday school where she had been for the first time. "What did my little daughter learn this morning?” asked her father. "That I am a child of Satan,” was the beaming reply. TRAGEDY Several Legs of Mother Found on Lonely Road.—Headline in Sav annah paper. Cooke—Why don’t you use soap and water on your neck? Greer—What, me wash that dirty thing? Neave—Don’t you ever speak of love? Howan—Yes, lovely weather, isn’t it? Have you heard about the tree surgeon with two wooden legs? No. Well, it seems that a chip off the old block married him one night just to whittle away the time, and the next morning when she woke up, her love was kindling. Whitt—Have you heard about the lipestick Miss -uses? Carter—Sure, it’s on everyone’s lips. Conferees Nearing Agreement on Home Mortgage Extension Ready To Act On Bill Adding $1,750,000 To Lending Resources To HOLC Congressional conferees were virtually agreed on an extension of home mortgage relief to 83,000 new applicants in addition to about 5 00,000 urban home owners who have already applied for Government aid. After a month’s delay, the con ferees were ready to act on the Steagall-Fletcher bill adding $1, 75 0,000,000 to the lending re sources of the Home Owners Loan Corporation. Leaders expect the two houses to take final action this week. Several controversial points re mained to be settled, altho House conferees indicated a willingness to yield on the most disputed pro vision—that relating to new ap plications. 'T»1 C< .. 1*11 r . x lib vjv.natv um xv/x av~ ceptance of new applications for a 60-day period with no restric tions. The House bill required that home owners must have in dicated an intention Of seeking aid before passage of the new measure. Some of the conferees were said to favor cutting the period to 30 days and eliminating the House restriction, which they called a subterfuge to disqualify uninformed applicants. The additional $1,750,000,000 on which both houses are agreed, will increase HOLC resources to $4,750,000,000. When it is all disbursed, the Government will hold more than one-fourth of the nation’s entire urban home mort gage debt. Officials do not anticipate a great flood of new applications under the new act, since private mortgage money has become more plentiful and the effect of new Federal savings and loan associa tions is being felt. PATRONS RANSACK $1 CHAIN OFFICE Los Angeles.—Approximately 60 persons, led by a gray-haired wo man who screamed she had “lost $5,” today overturned furniture and ransacked files in a "dollar chain” establishment. A riot call summoned police. The three proprietors escaped leaving Miss Gloria Hughes, a stenographer. The angry crowd found only $4.35 in stamp money. The rioting marked thie first violence in the Los Angeles area to result from the chains. ----- Poverty Not Cause Of Large Families Scientists Contend f ^rth Rate Declined In Relief Groups During Depression Altho It Is Still Highest Poverty is not a cause of large families, but has the opposite effect >f reducing the birth rate. The popular misconception that pover ty is the reason why relief families have a higher birth rate than those not on relief was thus blown up by i report of Drs. Frank W. Notes tein and Clyde V. Kiser, of the Milbank Memorial Fund, speaking before the Population Association of America. Surveys made by the U. S. Pub lic Health Service and the Milbank Memorial Fund reveal the birth rate is much higher among those on relief but that does not mean the birth rate of this group rose during the depression. On the contrary, it fell as did the birth rate of all other groups. ■n*..^1. _._I .11 1_ jwu ui t-umiui aituuAja \jixiy one factor tending to reduce the live birth rates, especially among the better classes. Another factor is abortion, including unavoidable miscarriages. One abortion to every two and a half confinements in cities, and one to five confinements in country districts is the startling estimate cited by Drs. Notestem and Kiser.— --- A survey of 10,000 clinic pat ients in New York showed 15 pej cent of the pregnancies were term inated by criminal abortion during the first five years of marriage After 10 years of married life, th< abortion rate had increased to mori than 40 per cent. Differences in birth contro practices are held responsible, by these scientists, as more important than any other factor in making the fertility greater for the lower social groups. Removal of legal and other bar riers to the dissemination of birth control knowledge would result in a lessening of these differences, they said. It would, however, be in the direction of a further reduction of the birth rate. Most effective in tending to raise the birth rate of the better classes would be a great er degree of economic and social security, they concluded. President Howard R. Omwake Receives Alumni Plaque President Howard R. Omwake 3f Catawba College has been desi gnated as the winner of the Class af 1932 Alumni Plaque at Mer cersburg Academy for this year according to announcement made by Head Master Boyd Edwards at Mercersburg, Pa. Dr. Omwake was graduated from Mercersburg in 1897 and later returned to the Academy as Head of the Latin Department. Before going to Catawba he was dean of Franklin and Marshall College. The first recipient of the award which goes to an alumnus of the school, outstanding in service, was Dr. George Omwake, President of Ursinus and brother of Dr. How ard Omwake. Other alumni hon ored are Dr. Joel T. Boone, formei White House physician, and Mr Junius Fishburn, publisher oi Roanoke, Va. GEORGIA VOTES DRY The unofficial count gives th state of Georgia a dry majority a a result of the vote last week 01 the repeal referendum, by a ver small margin. Beer and win were voted on separately and, un der the legislative act for referen dum, will be legalized immediate ly on the issuance of the gover nor’s proclamation. CCC Units Are Pushing Work Fort Macon, Mt. Mitch ell, Morrow Mountain, And Cape Hatteras Being Opened North Carolina soon will have four State parks that will compare most favorably with those of any other state, L. A. Sharpe, regional inspector of the State Park divi sion of the National Park service announced this week. Work has been under way at Fort Macon State park, near More head City, since April, 1934. It is expected that it will be complet ed this summer. A force of 216 Civilian Conservation corps men is at work under the direction of the National Park service and the department of Conservation and Development. tremendous amount or wont has been done at Fort Macon in efforts to control the shifting sand dunes and protect the ocean front. Old Fort Macon is being preserved and restored and is being made accessible from Atlantic Beach. A road is being built along the sound. Previously, in order to reach Fort Macon it was necessary to drive along the beach at low tide or cross by boat. It is hoped that this new road will eventually be paved. ! Facilities have been arranged for the comfort and conveniences of visitors. Several rooms of the old fort have been restored to con form to various periods of their history. At Mount Mitchell State park the CCC detachment is engaged in preparing a camp site for a 200 unit CCC company, which is ex pected to arrive within the next two or three weeks. Work at Mount Mitchell State park during the present season will be largely of fire prevention character. The underbrush and growth will be cleared, and trails will be provided for the convenience of visitors. Mount Mitchell rises 6,711 feet above sea level and is the highest peak east of the Rockies. Morrow Mountain state parK, in the Uwharries near Albemarle, has been tentatively approved, but for mal approval is expected soon. When formal approval is received, work will be started immediately. The park already embraces 2,500 acres, donated to the State in a large part by J. M. Morrow and other public spirited citizens. It includes Morrow mountain and several surrounding peaks, and in dications are that the size of the park will be considerably increased. W. B. Beaver is head of the com mittee in charge of acquisition of land for the park. Morrow Moun tain State park may be reached by following the Badin highway out of Albemarle for about two miles and turning to the right as indi cated by a sign. The road leads to the top of the mountain about 10 miles distant. Bathing, boat ing and fishing facilities will be available, as well as overnight camping accommodations. Formal approval is aiso for Cape Hatteras State park in order that work may be started. The work will be of the same gen eral type as at the other State parks. Special privileges and con veniences for fishermen will be provided. The park now includes 1,500 acres and is accessible by boat to Buxton or by motor to Manteo and along the beach at low tide. It embraces the tip of, Cape Hatteras "graveyard of ships” and the old lighthouse is in the park area. Unusual scenery and plant life are found in this park, and it is a haven for many varieties of wild : fowl and game. Liberal donations > of land were made to the State by t Frank Stick of Elizabeth City and r the Phipps family of New York : and Palm Beach. - The State park program is one - of the major park developments of - the decade. In all instances the - work is being done by CCC work ers and Federal funds.