Newspaper Page Text
The Carolina Wah vian L“J
A NEWSPAPER DEVOTED TO THE UPBUILDING OF ROWAN COUNTY FOUNDED 1832—104TH YEAR SALISBURY, FRIDAY MORNING. NOVEMBER 29, 193 5 VOL. 104 NO. 18 PRICE 2 CENTS WMHBN6T0M Washington, particularly as the national election approaches, looks at every official act with an eye to its possible political effects. Theretofore, political sharpshoot ers of both parties are scrutiniz ing the new RjecipA>ci|ty Tariff agreement between the United States and Canada, which was ne gotiated by President Roosevelt in person with Premier Mackenzie King of Canada. There are as many points of view about its pos sible effects as there are commen tators. Some of the President’s friends are expressing alarm, point ing out that it was President Taft’s Reciprocity Tariff agreement with Canada that wrecked his Admin istration and the Republican Par ty in 1910. Others point out I that conditions are different now, and that there is an apparent de mand by consumers on both sides of the international poundary for larger supplies of goods at lower prices. DUTY RATE REDUCTIONS Under the new agreement, Can ada reduces rates of duty on 180 commodities imported from the States, including fresh fruits, vege tables and wheat. The largest single reduction is on wheat, where the Canadian duty is cut from 30 cents a bushel to 12 cents. Maine potatoes and Florida oranges are now on Canada’s free list. The United States reduces the duty on imports from Canada of beef cattle, dairy cows, cream, seed potatoes, lumber, hay, horses, live poultry, cheddar cheese (which is ordinary mouse cheese), apples and maple sugar, among other items. The American tariff on Canadian whiskey is reduced from $J to $2.JO per gallon. On the other- hand, Canada admits American magazines free of duty. What alarms some of the Presi dent’s advisers most is the list of Canadian agricultural products that will be admitted to the States free or at reduced tariff rates. These timid ones expect a storm of-ex cited protest from American farm ers, but that fear is discounted by those who point out that we are already importing, over a high tariff wall, a considerable part of the nation’s food supply. Whether this new Canadian agreement is another straw point ing toward the abandonment of the Administration’s policy of reduced production and high prices, in fav or of general lower prices to con sumers for everything, is an open question. SIDELINE COMMENT There are very clear evidences of an official desire to put the Ad ministration of the Government on a more economical basis. The Civil Service Commission reported the other day that there are now 794, 467 civil employees of the Gov ernment outside of those in the CCC and on Work Relief projects. Those figures, which don’t include the Army and Navy, are the high est ever reached in time of peace. Considerable amazement is being expressed over the disclosure that Dr. Tugwell, as Administrator of the Rural Resettlement, has em ployed more than 12,000 persons in his division. Some of the things that rise to the surface of the bubbling poli tical pot: The President’s remark the other day that if he were a voter in Nebraska he would work for the return to the Senate of the pres ent Republican Senator, George A. Norris. This was in answer to Senator Norris’ statement that he wanted to retire fibm public life. Senator Borah’s statement, on >' his return to Washington, that he has definitely determined his policy. This is variously interpreted, but generally taken to mean that he is an astive candidate for the Repub Ilican nomination. He did net say what his policy would be. The declaration by Governoi Olsen, of Minnesota, tKat a na tional third party is inevitable, per haps in 1936. Former President Hoover’s speed in New York, in which he mad< H his most vigorous attack yet upor the New Deal and especially criti cized the Administration’s monitarj policies. It was the most humoroui and epigrammatic speech Mr Hoover has ever made. Its prin ^ cipal effect in Washington ha: been to strengthen the convictior that lie is actively working for ; (Continued on page two) $110,326 FOR ROWAN WPA WORK Supreme Court Enjoins AAA Tax Collections „ :— .. • —•— -— i ft Order I^ C'ii to/js Case Justices At Same Time Agree To Pass Upon Constitutionality Of 1935 Amendment Washington.A Supreme Court jrder temporarily enjoining govern ment collections of AAA process ing taxes for eight Louisiana rice millers this week augmented dif ficulties besetting the New Deal’s farm program. The action of the justices, who simultaneously agreed to pass upon the constitutionality of an AAA unendment forbidding injunctions to restrain processing tax collec tions, directly affected a compara tively small sum. Some legal observers, however, contended the action served to tighten for the present lower court orders impounding from $125, 000,000 to $150,000,000 of taxes pending a high court ruling on the AAA’s constitutionality. Govern ment attorneys looked for the order to prompt new injunction suits. , By the high court’s ruling grant ing the injunction petition of thJBflj rice millers, they will continue to^E pay processing taxes. But instead^H of going to the treasury, the will be paid into a court-approvedU depository for holding until th^BggJ constitutional question is decided. flBl Quick after the Supreme Court^^B order the administration issued a statement by M. G. White solici tor of the Agriculture department, which said no significance was at tached to the injunction "insofar is the constitutionality of the Agri cultural Adjustment act is con cerned.” "This action of the Supreme Court will have no effect on the availability of funds to meet con tract payments since such funds are advanced by the Treasury, out af the general funds of the Treasury to meet the current needs of the AAA. "Furthermore, even a final deter mination of the question of con stitutionality by the district court and ultimately by the appelate court in this case, would not have any effect on the government’s ob ligations with respect to existing adjustment contracts with the far mers of the country.” The court set December lfi for argument on the AAA amendment forbidding tax injunctions. Chemist Hurt In Auto Wreck Carl E. Trexler, recently-elected chemist with the city water sewer department, and who assumes his new work Dec. 1, is receiving treat ment at the Rowan general hospital for injuries received in an automo bile wreck near Granite Quarry on Saturday evening. To avoid hitting a car which swerved into the road, he cut deeply and drove his own auto into a ditch. Fire Causes $10, 000 Damage To Rowan Co. Farm The most extensive fire to visit Rowan county for a long time de stroyed a large barn, livestock, and agrarian equipment at the rural home of G. M. Bamhardt about two miles from Salisbury on the old Concord road evening. Local fire fighting; 'apparatus rushed to the scene was instrumen tal in saving adjoining buildings. Total loss was estimated at $10, 000. ' N. C. Alloted Over 7 Million By Government Big Sum Will Be Spent In State On Road Main tenance And Con struction OTHER FUNDS Rowan county has been allotted $110,326 by the Federal govern ment for WPA projects. North Carolina was allotted over seven million dollars to be used in the several counties of the state. A large portion of the state allott ment will be spent in road wort. Upwards of twenty million dol lars is now at the disposal of George W. Coan, Jr., State Works Progress administrator for North Carolina, by virtue of the comptroller of the treasury having countersigned warrant No. 684, for $7,171,830 for projects throughout North Carolina. This is the third large warrant that has been approved by the comptroller making funds available for construction work in the State. Is is stressed by die comptroller of the treasury that selection of, projects for which money is approv ed, is solely within the discretion of the State administrator, who may select projects most adaptable to the speedy prosecution of a State pro gram. Should Auld Subscriptions Be Forgot— —and never brought to mind? A friend this week presented us with a subscription receipt issued by the Watchman almost 100 years ago. The recipt was issued to "Jno. Craige” by M. C. Pendleton and was dated July 28, 1842, just ten years to the day after the Watch man was founded. The receipt was for one year from date and was for $2.50. It read as follows: "Jno. Craige To M. C. Pendieton, Dr. "To your subscription to "Carolina Watchman,” from 28 July, 1842 to 28 July 1843. . . . $2.50 "Received payment: Signed: “M. C. Pendleton.” Verily, gentle reader, for more reasons than one, old subscriptions SHOULD be .brought to mind! Uzzell Heads Bible Class Election of George R. Uzzell, local attorney, as president of the city union of the Baraca -Philathea and other adult and Bible classes of Salisbury and Rowan county, feat ured the annual meeting held Tues day night at the First Methodist church. Mr. Uzzell succeeds Dr. David E. Faust, of Catawba Col lege. Following is a list of the other officers who were elected to serve with Mr. Uzzell for the ensuing year: Mrs. R. G. Kizer, vice president; Mrs. H. C. Morgan, secretary; Miss Myrtle Trexler, assistant sec retary; C. E. Fesperman, treasurer; C. F. Daniel, press reporter; Dr. David E. Faust, county advisor. DANGEROUS YAWN Senior: "You should put youi hand over your mouth when you yawn.” Frosh: "What! and get bitten?” Government in Linndale, Ohio CLEVELAND . . . The women of Linn dale, a here, decided to “cleanhouse” politically, and electing a slate of their own which included mayor, treasurer, clerk two of six council- / men. The new booses were pketoed above at the first town meeting. Left to right, Mary Boginsky, treasurer, Ann C. Lhkowita, mayor and Helen Lashutha, clerk. U. S. Will Call For War Debt Payment Washington. — Despite indica tions that it will receive only one cent on each 42 dollars, the United States is preparing to go through the motions of telling 12 nations that their semi-annual war debt payments are about due. The total due on December 15 is $965,414,177.54. Of that sum, all that the United States is hkejyj to receive t? $2J ),t)©0 fromj^i^ land. Altogether, the debt on which these installments is due totals totals around $22,000,000,000. The following table shows the total installment due from^ each country December 15, including the regular semi-annual payment for tha tdate as well as unpaid past installments of principal and inter est: Belgium, $33,630,2 9.70 Czechslovakia, $9,584)149.73 Estonia, $2, 11,886.45 Finland, $230453.00 France, 150,292,292.86 Great Britain, $582,803,306.83 Hungary, $290,381.27 Italy, $47,853,383.64 katvia, $961,995.14 Lithuania, $776,319.97 _ inland, $32,335,988.55 JPJPfeSilKSa, $3,843,7)50.40 TTotal $965,414,177.54. Two other countries, Greece and Yugoslavia, alsa are in default, but their payment dates differ from those of the other war debtors. Greece, whose installments are due in January, May, July, and Nov mber, owed $4,263,338.40 on the occasion of the last reminder to that country and Yugoslavia $1, 150,000.00. HOLC Says Debtors Employing Politics Try To Escape Paying Loans * "" Agency Reports Borrow ers Enlisting Aid of Colons In Attempt To Avoid Payments Washington—The Home Own ers Loan corporation disclosed that "several hundred” borrowers have attempted to apply political pres sure to avoid payments on loans. Officials said about six cases daily are recorded in which bor rowers have trieid unsuccessfully to enlist the aid of congressional representatives in attempts to cir cumvent- terms of their mortgages. The congressmen and senators, it was said, always check the HOLC to ascertain if there has been any unfairness. "In every case,” one official re marked, "we have explained the facts and there has been no further kick-back.’ "They just want to be sure we are fair with the borrowers, and are co-operating very wholeheart edly and reasonably.” > Attempts to ring in politics was said to come largely from "willful delinquents” who refuse to pay when able to do so. These efforts are made when payments are past due and foreclosures is threatened. The corporation made public a letter from Senator Bailey, Demo crat of North Carolina, informing a constituent that "the only thing for one who owes the Home Own ers Loan corporation to do is to comply with the terms of the mort gage.” "The fact that the money is due the government does not change the situation,” Bailey continued. "Funds loaned by the government are, after all, trust funds.” The corporation said Bailey’s let ter was indicative of “the position which many senators and members of Congress have taken in the pub lic interest, in asserting that the HOLC must pursue a firm policy of collection, and in expecting the corporation to act justly upon the circumstances of individual cases.” To Co-Operate With Railways Proposed Truckers Body To Harmonize Interests With Those of Shippers Washington.—A movement foi harmonious co-operation amonj trucking operators, railroads, and shipers has been inaugurated by the organized trucking industry, as a new motor vehicle laws goes into effect. The executive committee of A merican Trucking Associations, Inc., meeting in Washington, a dopted a resolution calling for the appointment of a conference com mittee, comprising an equal num ber of spokesmen to represent eacl of the three interests. The resolution recomm endec that "such conference committe< arrange to meet, confer, and re commend rules, regulations, rates and practices of the transportatior industry for consideration of thi (continued on page 2) Board Reports To President National Resources Or ganization’s Summary Includes Work Being Done In N. C. Washington, Nov. 23—The march of the new industrial order in North Carolina, especially the western section, has awakened a de sire to preserve the old order of things for future posterity, the Na tional Rsources board finds in a re port which has been sent to the President. The report says that in many ways, "the advent of State plan ning in North Carolina comes at a fortunate time.Throughout most its history, the State has been largely rural and agricultural, but during the last few decades indus trialization has been proceeding apace. The organic changes occa sioned by this have demanded new ways of thinking and acting. Two major movements have emerged: TIT Village planning and (2) the activity of the institute for re search in social science at the Uni versity of North Carolina. Due to the newness of the board, most of its energies have so far been devoted ' to preliminary organization problems and to for mulating a working philosoophy. To guide the work of the 10 com mittees which were organized, the following points of policy have been agreed upon: "(1) Other things being equal, the planning board is eager to en courage projects which, being very much needed in the State, also con stitute valuable units in the pro gram of national reconstruction. "(2) Relative permanence and broad social value are two import ant criteria for judging projects; the board intends to give priority to those which seem to contribute to the wealth, values, and general welfare of the State. "(3) The board intends to place special emphasis on the problem of reintegration of agrarian culture, to which end it will lend its sup port to three major projects: Rur al electrification, soil erosion ser vice, and rural rehabilitation pro grams. Each of these ^constitu tes a major plank in the national program, and each will contribute materially to increase of values, in cre-se of income, and increase of standards of living in rural North Carolina.” Football Results Catawba 7—Lenoir-Rhyne 0; University North Carolina 61— Virgina 0. N. C. State 0—Catholic Univer sity 8. Davidson 14—Wake Forest 7. J. C. Smith University 12—Liv ingstone 0. Furman 8—Clemson 6. HEAD OF THE HOUSE Matteossian: "For five years I have been looking forward to hav ing a house of my own—and now I’m going to have it” Alden: "I suppose the plans are : all completed?” Matteossian: "Oh, yes. My wife , has laid out all the cupboards and l closets, and now all the builders ! have to do is build/ the houtse around them.” Survey Shows Home Repair Bathroom Gets First At tention, While Kitchen Comes Second Find ings Reveal Case studies of 450 requests from all sections of the country for modernization information as a result of a survey by a nationally circulated magazine shows an in teresting tabulation of what form of repairs and improvements are uppermost in the minds of that many householders. The breakdown of inquiries fol lows: Type of Percentage of Modernization People Interested Bathroom_47.3 Kitchen_._43.1 Dining room_24.8 Living room_32.3 Bedroom _31.6 Painting interior-39.1 Painting exterior-42.9 Roofing__ 31.0 Porch repairs_31.4 Heating plants_~_25.5 New plumbing-27.5 Cellar modernization_22.2 General repairs-40.0 j Additions -- 2S.S Ask WPA Work Hours Be Cut The executive council of the North Carolina Federation of La bor adopted a resolution here ask ing that the hours of work on WPA projects be reduced to conform with preveiling wages throughout the State with a minimum of $1.10 an hour for skilled labor and 30 cents an hour for unskilled labor. The resolution follows: "Whereas, we recognize the fact that wage scales for WPA projects are set by the Federal government according to regions; and, "Whereas, authority has been given State administrators to ad just working hours in accordance with prevailing wages; and, "Whereas, present hours being worked at the present wages re ceived are proving detrimental to the wage structure of private en terprises, threatening to wreck agreement and general accepted wages, ^ 1 heretore, be it resoivea, 1 nar the executive board of the State Federation of Labor go on record demanding that the hours of work on WPA projects be reduced to conform with prevailing wages (in conformity with the Davis-Bacon prevailing wage act) throughout the State with a minimum of $1.10 an hour for all skilled labor and 3 0 cents an hour for all unskilled la bor.” Christmas Lights Turned On Through the cooperation of the merchants and firms of Salisbury, four blocks of Main and two of Innes streets have been decorated with Christmas lights which were turned on Thanksgiving night. The lights will burn each night throughout the holidays and will add much to the beauty and spirit of the Christmas season. As the lights were turned on Thursday night, there was a for mal program held in keeping with the occasion. ' The public was invited and a large crowd attended.