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Washington.—Without trying to predict what the final outcome will be, this is a good time to take note of the major issues with which the second session of the 74th Congress, convening on Friday, January 3, will occupy its time. 1. Immediate payment of the Veterans’ Bonus. The only apar ent open question about this is whether or not the bill as passed will provide for full cash payment or for a special issue of bonds. 2. The Townsend old-age pen sion proposal. This will stimulate a lot of oratory in both Houses. The Labor lobby will oppose it. The best guess is that the Townsend plan will not be adoptej but that the agitation will result in libera lization of old-age benefits under the Social Security Act, which has got to be amended in many res pects, anyway. 3. Lots of talk and some pretty hot debates on the Frazier-Lemke Farm Mortgage greenback bill. Lit tle chance, however, of its passage. 4. Government ownership of railroads. Again a lot of talk, back ed by a well organized campaign of the railroad unions in favor of it. Action of Interstate Commerce Commission in ordering reducti- a of railroad passenger rates to two cents a mile, where they are now higher than that—which is all over the East. This will be a demonstra tion of the Government’s present power over railroads, and may have a strong influence in bringing hold ers of railroad bonds into line for Government ownership. NEUTRALITY. NAVY, ARMY 5. The neutrality question will come up early in the session. The present temper of Congress is to strengthen the neutrality laws. The strong belief prevails that a great war is rapidly approaching, and Congress will not be inclined to trust the State Department alone to keep us out of it. One outcome of the war talk is likely to be liberal appropriations for a bigger navy. 6. Proposals for increasing the army strength will be backed by re ports that Mexico is planning an mit-and-out Communist Govern-\ ment. This will give strength to the demand for military defenses along the Rio Grande. 7. There will be more debate on proposals to regulate wages and hours of labor. Outlook is for the passage of the Walsh Bill, requiring all concerns selling anything to the Government to conform to labor standards established by NRA. 8. Attempts will be made to straighten out the silver tangle, probably by mandatory legislation requiring the Treasury to increase its purchases and maintain the world price. The silver policy is not clearly defined as yet. 9. Amendments to the Housing Act probably will be made, with the objective of inducing private capital to go into large-scale low cost housing projects. This is in accordance with the views of Sec retary Morgenthau, Director Fahey of Home Owners Loan Corpora tion, and Peter Grimm, housing Co-ordinator. MANY INVESTIGATIONS 10. A lot of noise that will be heard on Capitol Hill from now on will come from the committee rooms, where Public Utilities, rail (Continued on page 4) Cotton Checks Will Be Mailed On January 15 Washington—AAA officials said that initial checks for 1935 cotton subsidy payments probably will be mailed to farmers January 15. Although there was no set date for mailing the first checks, origi nal plans called for first payments in mid-December. The delay was attributed to technical and clearical reasons. The AAA has agreed to pay ad justment contract signers the dif ference between 12 cents a pounc and the average price for cotton on the date of sale. Payments will be made only on cotton sold under producers’ indi vidual Bankhead allotments, anc may not be more than two cents £ pound. The subsidy will be paic from the 30 per cent of the gross customs receipts set aside for th< AAA. Officials estimated a maxi mum of $5 5,000,000 would b< needed. THF ATr AN F"A * nti AIV/ /ni 1 Greater SafaWr A NEWSPAPER DEVOTED TO THE UPBUILDING OF ROWAN COUNTY — FOUNDED 1832—104TH YEAR SALISBURY, FRIDAY MORNING, JANUARY 3, 1936. ' " VOL. 104 NO. 23. PRICE 2 CENTS. New Manufacturing Plant To Open Here —--— ■■ . » i Larger Navy, Army Flying Force Sought Demands, In Form Of Bills, Will Be Placed Before Incoming Congress Washington—Army and Navy | Air Forces second to none in the world will be demanded of the in coming Congress, it has been learn ed. | Plans to push rapidly forward ! with programs to expand the fighting forces in the air will be studied this week at conferences of War and Navy Department of ficials with Congressional leaders. Bills are expected to be spon sored first by Representative Wil cox (Democrat), of Florida, au thor of the air base plan advocat ed by the Army and authorized 1 at the last session. Other legisla ton is being shaped up by Repre sentatives McSwain (Democrat), of | South Carolina, and Vinson (Demo crat), of Georgia, chairman of the 1 House Military and Naval Com | mittees, respectively. | First step in the authorized re i building of the Army Air Fleet was taken with the award of con tracts for 100 attack ships. The I 193 5 program comprised 500 planes . of all categories. Secretary of War Dern envis ages a five-year plan of 800 new ships each year. These would re place approximately 400 ships that become obsolescent each year, and in five years double the present! army squadron of 2,000 ships. The Wilcox plan for the Army includes a string of air bases at strategic frontier points, includ ing one in Alaska, where air ex perts agree protection is most es sential to prevent possible hostile action by a Far Eastern power. The navy calls for 1,910 air ships by 1940. It was recommend | ed by Rear Admiral Ernest J. I King, chef of the Bureau of Aero ' nautics, along with a warning that the navy defenses are inadequate unless implemented by a larger air force. * * * *«■*=!• * * BANDITS OVERLOOK * * $60,000 IN LOOT * _________ * * Madrid — Senor Rodriguez- * * Senabria was savagely attack- * * ed by thieves in Valencia— * * but he can hardly talk about * * it because it makes him laugh * * so much. The bandits failed * * to find precious stones to the * * value of $60,000, which Senor * * Sanabria had in his possession. * * The gems were in his trousers * * pocket. * ******** • Buy In "Greater Salisbury”. No definite estimate was forth coming on the amount of the pay ments now due. One official said the total might be $30,000,000 or $40,000,000. Officials estimated that from 85 to 90 per cent of the 1935 crop would be moved to market by the end of this month. The price oi cotton has averaged between 11 and 12 cents a pound most of this sea son. Payments will be made directh to farmers from regional offices ir the field, officials said. Each ap plication or the subsidy will be act ed upon as rapidly as possible, the) added. Officials said forms and blanl contracts for the 1936-1939 cottor adjustment program are being pre : pared and sent to the field, ant that the contract sign-up campaigr for next year should begin aboui January 15. Merchants Say Business Good I: Look Forward to Contin i ued Improvement Encouraged by the excellent busi ness experienced during the Christ mas holiday season, Salisbury mer chants are looking forward to con tinued improvement with the start of 1936. Merchants of the city are much encouraged by the fine business they have had for the past month and are confidently looking forward to 193 6. While the large amount of money spent in wages by the Works Progr|ss administration accounted for much of the increas ed volume of December trade, per sons in regular channels of busi ness were spending more freely, merchants reported. Inventories will occupy much of the time of store personnels during the next few days, but January clearance sales will start the 1936 business off in the right direction, it is anticipated. * BLONDE BABIES * * HAVE EASY TIME * * FINDING HOMES * * _ * * Kansas City—It’s been a * * record year for blue-eyed ba- * * by blondes. * * "Of course,” Mrs. Mary * * Wilson Jones, Kansas City * * juvenile court adopton super- * * visor, said, "it’s been a good * * year for baby girls, generally— * * but blondes seem to be the * * style just now.” * * She is ending her busiest * * year since 1929—506 infants * * placed, thousands of requests * * turned down. * * "Couples say, 'Give us a * * blonde, blue-eyed baby girl, * * one that looks like Shirley * * Temple.’ When I remind them * * that Shirley Temple isn’t ex- * * actly a baby, their ideas some- * * times change. * * "This year men prefer girls, * * but it seems everyone does. * * Women like blondes and the * * men usually agree, or ask for * * redheads. Still there are * * enough who want brunettes to * * keen our supply exhausted.” * * Couples seeking a boy usu- * * ally want "just a boy”—no * * frills. * ****** * * 1936 Has Cordial Reception In accordance with the cus tom, the New Year was greet ed very cordially by the noise and fun makers of the city, with quite a number of watch parties and othef social func tions held. A large crowd attended the midnight show at the Capitol theatre where there was plenty of merrymaking, throwing of confetti and enjoyment. The day was observed as a holiday by the banks and the postoffice. The latter made no deliveries, but kept the general delivery window open two hours, from 10 a. m. till noon. The infant 1936 inherited the deepest snow in this section since 1930, but the rain now promises to soon clear that away. , „ -... 10 Million Is Allotted NYA Sum Runs Total Releas ed For Youth Work Projects to Twenty Million Washington—Approval by Comp troller General L. R. McCarl of an additional $10,000,000 for the Na tional Youth administration has been announced by Aubrey W. Wil liams, executive director. The sum brings tne total releas ed for youth work projects to $20, 000,000, as an initial allotment of $10,000,000 was made November 20. The money will be apportioned among the States on the basis of the number of youths on relief and will be used for projects falling within the following classifications: Youth community development and recreational leadership; rural youth development; public service training projects; and research projects. Projects will be selected by State I directors. Wrap the person whose clothing has caught lire in a blanket ,rug or. overcoat, ’ihe supply of air is thus ictu off, and the fire is smothered. Falls From Sled, Killed By Vehicle A midnight sleighing party end ed in tragedy here Sunday night when Thornwell G. Furr, Jr., 22, was thrown from a sled being towed by his own car, and was instantly killed when hit by another car, driven of Maj. W. V. Bowman, of Hickory, while in the act of rising from the road. The accident occured on West Innes street extension near the underpass, the section of the road being a portion of Highway No. 10 and 80. Furr’s car was being driven by Beverly Keever, and three sleds were attached. At 12:3 5 a. m., they were going along the highway when the rear sled, occupied by Farr and Jack Garrison, struck a rough place in the road, and both were thrown off. 1 wo otner memDers ot tne party ran back to the scense, and saw Furr lying in the snow, they told officers. At that moment, the car driven by Bowman approached and a warning was called out. Furr, it is said, attempted to rise from the road and apparently jumped or fell directly into the path of the car. Ffe was instantly killed. Coroner Dr. W. L. Tatum, Corp. oral C. R. Adams of the State Highway patrol and other officers investigated and, while no inquest has been deemed necessary, Bow man was put under $2,500 bond, returnable next Monday, pending further inquiry. Furr is the only son of Attorney and Mrs. T. G. Furr, of South Jackson street, this city. He was graduated from Catawba college this past spring, was president of the senior class and prominent in dramatics and other student acti vities. Funeral services were held at the First Presbyterian church Tuesday morning at 11 o’clock, and burial was in the Chestnut Hill cemetery. In addition to his parents, he is survived by two sisters, Misses Frances and Carolyn Furr, both of this city. Oil was discovered in Beaumont, Texas in 1901 the celebrated Spindle Top field being at that time the greatest "gushing” oil field in the world. [ Wiil Bask in Center of Fistic Spotlight During 1936| I i-r-— dl~ -1 i--3^-1 | BRAD DOCK -■ - • ^ NEW YOEK . . . Louis against Schmeling in June; the winner against World Champion Braddock in September. That is the heavyweight menu for 1936, both battles staged here in the open at one of the ball parks. Century Sporting Club and Madis&p Square Club have reached an agreement and will jointly promote the bouts, both fifteen rounders. Parlies Held By Democrats To Map Plans Washington.—A series of Demo cratic conferences shaped both the issues that will occupy the com ing session of Congress and the plans for a prededen't-sha tjiering curtain-rising tonight. Some legislators were stll some what stunned by the decision to dramatize the opening of the hoped-for short session by having President Roosevelt personally pro nounce his legislative recommenda tions at the unusual hour of 9 p. m., , before a joint session of the Sen ate and House. It was learned on high authori ty that night session, to follow per functory formal openings at noon in each House, was considered of such significance that it was dis cussed at last Friday’s cabinet meeting. It was broached the day before that. Who originated it was not announced, but most authori ties had a feeling it was none other than the President himself. Th* mnftvp inA tliA nitrlit CPC. U -. sion plan likewise remained a secret, unless it Was intended to give Mr. Roosevelt an oportunity to reach a nation-wide audience. Senator Robinson, the Demo cratic floor leader, returned to the capital during the day and discussed the opening arrangements with Vice President Garner. Robinson had been consulted by telegraph in Ar kansas and had given the night meeting idea his aproval. Repub lican leaders gave their assent al a meeting with Garner last night. As the hysical arrangements wen ahead for the colorful spectacle ti be staged in the huge House cham ber, soldiers’ bonus and neutrality j proposals, two subjects to receivi ' early congressional attention, be gan running the preliminary-dis cussion gauntlets. The President had a long talk with Representative Patman, Dem ocrat of Texas, author of the in flationary plan to pay the bonus with $2,000,000,000 of new cur rency, which was vetoed last ses sion, giving rise to speculation a compromise measure may rise out of the perennial cash payment struggle. Representative Vinson, Democrat of Kentucky, said he hoped to fin ish drafting tomorrow a new bonus (Continued on page 4) Water Soaked Roof Causes Damage The water soaked roof of the Strand Barber Shop on South Main Street caused right much damage to the ceiling and the shop fixtures Wednesday night due to improper drainage of adjoining buildings. It is reported that the shop will be closed for a few days until re pairs can be made. The barber shop is owned by C. C. Shuping and the damage was estimated at about $50. Amount of damage to the building is not known. Saparow Co. Loc<>& Here Jf— Forrr Cf^eorgia Concern y^'ve& to Salisbury lTie Saparc-w Garment Company, manufacturers of "Saparow Frocks” has opened a plant at 120-122 East Fisher Street and it has been an nounced that operation of the plant jwill begin Monday morning, Janu ary 6. Mr. Samuel Saparow, owner of the Saparow Garment company will be assisted by his son, Abraham Sa parow. From 50 to 75 people wdl be employed, most of whom will be women. Popular priced wash dresses will be made. Mr. Saparow is formerly from Atlanta, Ga. As he was passing thorugh Salisbury on a buying trip to New York, he was favorably impressed with the city. So much so in fact that he immediately set about making plans to locate here. It is hoped that Salisbury will confirm Mr. Saparow’s faith in it by cooperating and helping to make this enterprise a success. The family has moved here and reside at 612 Mitchell Ave. A project that can help the city and county take care of some of its unemployed is certainly a welcome asset to this section. PROTESTS HIGH RENTALS Washington—Angered at what he called "almost prohibitive” rent als in Washington, Representative Deen, Dem. of Georgia, proposed 'that the government undertake a slums clearance project here and t build houses for 0f Cong » ress, at "reasonable”, charges. J. F. Hurley Critically III Friends throughout the State will learn with regret that J. F. J Hurley, publisher of the Salisbury Post, is seriously ill at his winter home at Lakeland, Fla. News was received here that Mr. Hurley’s condition was so critical that his son, J. F. Hurley, Jr., business man ager of the Post, had been called to his bedside. j * *■ * * * * * #• * 2-CENT STAMP * MEANS DEFICIT * * FARLEY CLAIMS * * _ * * Washington — Postmaster * * General Farley indicated that * * any attempt to restore two- * * cent postage on non-local first * * class mail would meet with * * his objection. * * The rate was raised to three * * cents in 1932, and this was ex- * * tended by Congress last session * * to July 1, 1937. Farley said * * in his annual report. * * "A restoration of the former * * two-cent rate at this time * * would unquestionably result in * a large deficit, a condition * * which the department is using * * its utmost endeavor to avoid.” * ***■»* + ** Frank Porter Graham Given National Honor New York—Frank Porter Gra ham, president of the Univer sity of North Carolina, was among 27 American’s to win places on the New Year’s roster of "Americans who deserve the applause of their countrymen,” coippiled annually by "The Nation” it was learned here when the honor roll was made public. Men and women, chiefly in pol itical or civic fields, but including also writers, scientists, actors and theatrical producers were chosen. "In a world in which courage is at a premium, they have been courageous,” said the foreword to the editorial announcement "they have been intelligent when intel ligence was sorely needed; either in public affairs, science or the arts, they have made a contribution, by a particular act or in their general behavior, which is worthy of hon orable mention.” The Tar Heel educator was cited for years of brave, outspoken lead ership in the State of North Caro lina in education and social ser vice, and especially for his brilliant address last August at the Williams town Institute of Human. Rela tions in behalf of social control in the United States and the modern ization of the constitution. .