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Carolina watchman. [volume] (Salisbury, N.C.) 1871-1937, January 24, 1936, Image 1

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Washington — The question
everybody in Washington is ask
ing everybody else is:
"What sort of a substitute for
AAA is the Administration going
to turn out?”
Nobgdy knows the exact answer
as yet, but a good many straws in
the wind give some indications of
what is being planneod. The first
straw was President Roosevelt’s
statement that he was not in favor
of an export debenture plan, which
would, as he put it, amount to
making a present to Europe of the
fertility of • our soil. In othef
words, what is being sought for is
method of crop control based upon
the necessity of land conservation.
The representatives of the farm
organizations who are summoned
to meet in Washington are united
on the plan that the so-called
marginal lands should be with
drawn from commercial production,
through rental at equitable rates,
of such land as may be necessary
to promote conservation of soil
fertility and to bring about a bai
, ance of domestic production at
profitable prices.
Instead of export bounties, it is
regarded as probable that the Ad
ministration will propose a domes
tic allotment system, based on
boundaries to farmers on the pro
portion of their crops consumed at
home This has been considered
by Congress many times in the past
but never as part of a comprehen
sive oation-wioe plan.
The Supreme Court’s decision in
the AAA case did not nogatlve pro
cessing taxes as such, but only the
allotment of process'as funds to a
special class or group. It is held
:h; t rocessing taxes are entirely
within the power of Congress, pro
vided the money so collected goes
into the general revenues, and that
Congress has the right to appropri
ate, from general revenues, funds
for the payment of bounties to
farmers far soil conservation and
other purposes.
This idea of soil conservation has
been one of President Roosevelt’s
pets for a long time. On October
2 S he indicated it as the basis of any
long-term and permanent agricul
tural adjustment program, and;
pointed out that the benefits could
be made to encourage individual
farmers to adopt sound farm man
agement, crop rotation and soil c m
servation methods. He was talking
then of the more or less distant
future, but it wuold appear that
the Supreme Court’s decision may
force the immediate adoption of
such a plan.
The dismissal last week by the
Supreme Court of the suit brought
to declare the Bankhead Cotton
Control act invalid had no relation
to the merits of the case. It was
dismissed on a technicality, as not
having been brought before the
Court in a proper and legal manner.
In the case of the Louisiana rice
millers who had obtained an injunc
tion in the lower courts against the
collection by the Government of
processing taxes, the Supreme Court
ordered the return to the millers of
about $200,000,000 which they had
deposited with the Courts pending
the decision, on the ground that
the tax had not actually been
The agitation for Constitutional
amendments to give the Federal
Government greater powers is na
turally more active than it has been
(Continued on page two)
Alcatraz Convicts Strike;
100 Placed In ‘Solitary’
San Francisco, Calif.—Prisoners
at Alcatraz Island, the government
prison at San Francisco bay, refused
to work and Warden James A.
Johnston promptly had about 100
men locked in their cells and in
solitary confinement.
"Agitators” were blamed by
Warden Johnston, who said there
"was nothing serious and nobody
was hurt.”
The warden declined to disclose
names of the prisoners involved.
Among those at the Island, con
sidered escape proof, are A1 Ca
pone, former Chicago gang leader;
"Machine Gun” Kelly, kidnaper;
and Harmon Waley, kidnaper of
young George Weyerhauser.
The Carolina Watchman “l:
~~ -——-" ■■■ ■ ■ ■ ■ -■ ■' ' ■ ' - - ^
British Monarch Passed!
Away Monday Afternoon
His Son, Edward VIII Has Become Ruler of The
British People
"The King Is Dead—Long Live
The King.”
These pathetic words from the
palace of Sandringham proclaimed
to the world the fact that George
Frederick Ernest Albert, King of
England and Ireland and Emperor
of India had passed from the repose
of sleep to that of eternity?- The
end came peacefully Monday at
about dusk and it was then known
that the lirtle gray bearded man
who hair carried the burden of the
crown through trying periods was
not to be permitted longer to un
dergo any more of the strenuous
troubles now besetting the Empire
in the kindness of an all wise Pro
vidence and his lifes work good and
faithfully done he was called by the
omnipotent to lay down the scep
tre which he had wielded so well
and faithfully through some of the
most trying days of his government.
The passing of the monarch
which occurred about dusk was
forecast earlier in the day by the
doctors in attendance who issued a
bulletin which stated briefly that
the King’s life was moving toward
its close. When the end came be
sides the queen the four sons and
daughter of the Monarch were at
his bedside.
Edward VIII was proclaimed
King Wednesday and began the
39 th ruler of the British people
since the Norman conquest.
From his lonely throne, the 41
year-old bachelor, with a new sol
emnity because of his responsibili
ties, plunged into the affairs of
state. He conferred with Prime
Minister Stanley Baldwin and then
sadly returned to Sandringham.
There his dead father George, V,
attended by simple country folk,
rested in the little parish church.
Thursday the body was taken to
London by special train, arriving
at 2:45 p. m.
It will lie in State in Westmin
ister Hall until Monday night.
Burial with a great state funeral
ceremonial will take place Tuesday
at Windsor.
Southern Has
Delivery Plan
The Southern Railway System
announces authorization of a plan
of Universal Free Pick up and de
livery service on less than car load
merchandise. Application is being
made to the Interstate Commission
for authority to make the tariff i
effective Feb. Ist7. or on not more
than ten days notice to the public.
In addition to authorizing free
pick-up and delivery service, the
tariff will authorize payment- of
five cents per one hundred pounds
to shippers or consignees who make
the arrangements for performing
such service.
The bus lines are opposing this
plan and have made formal protest
to its granting by the Interstate
Commerce Commission.
* * * a- * * * as* ^
* _ *
* Greensboro—Lonnie Hop
* per, South Carolinian, too *
* tight to tell his home or coun- *
ty, went the limit here to buy *
* a drink of corn liquor. It *
* was cold and rainy in Greens- *
* boro. Hopper had no money *
* as he, his wife, and child paus- *
* ed here briefly on their hitch- *
'* hike trip back home. Hopper *
* wanted a drink. He striped *
* the coat from his child’s back, *
* pawned it, and bought his *
* drink at a negro bootlegger’s. *
* Hopper is in jail charged with *
* drunkenness. The child is in v
* the hands of welfare officers. *
* * * * * * * ■?« *
The disturbance was the first
reported at the impregnable island
prison, although rumors of minor
troublesome incidents have been
heard. Every precaution is taken
to prevent escapes.
Chief of Police William J. Quinn
said that a year ago he heard ru
mors of a plot by confederates to
liberate prisoners on the island.
Quinn said he was informed the
confederates planned to overpow
er officers on a police boat, don
their uniforms, approach the island
and disarm or slay the guards.
Large signs on the island warn
boats to keep a safe distance and
planes are forbid8en to fly over
the prison.
V 3®. SJ- ?<■ Or 3fr ss• *
* _ *
* Washington—A $1.20 hori- *
* zontal reduction in the Feder- *
*■ al excise tax on cigarettes— *
* now $3.00 a thousand—was *
* suggested by Representative *
t Frank W. Hancock, Jr., nf *
*■ Oxford, N. C. Hancock *
*■ said such a reduction would *
* have a two-fold benefit, in- *
* suring better prices to growers *
* for tobacco and cheaper cigar- *
* ettes for the consumer. *
Cannon Mills
Leases Space
New York—The Cannon Mills
company has leased 60,000 square
feet at 70 to 76 Worth street, here,
.extending through the block to 23
to 29 Thomas street, in addition to
the six-story building at 19 and 21
Thomas street, according to an
nouncement made here.
Because o£ increased business and
improved prospects the firm leased
20,000 square feet more than it had
formerly used in the old district.
Warden Fenton, architect, has
planned extensive alterations in the
property taken by the company.
The Cannon mills are at Concord.
Kannapolis and Salisbury, and York,
S. C.
St. Paul, Minn.—William Wea
ver of Salem, Ark., second defend
ant to take the stand in the trial of
three men charged with conspiracy
in the Edward G. Bremer kidnap
ing, denied he was in St. Paul on
January 17, 1934, when the abduc
tion occurred.
f | 4-H’r in Congress |
: WASHINGTON . . . Robert Par
rish, 14, (above), is a 4-H Club
member from Terre Haute, Ind. . . .
His biggest thrill came this week
when he was enrolled as a page bo?
la the House of Representative*.
State May Get
Aid For Blind
\t ;
N. C. Prevented From
Sharing In Social
Security Funds
Washington—While the Caro
linas are among the States that
have not passed laws to share in the
millions to be disbursed under the
Social Security act, North Carolina
would receive $879,494.42 and
South Carolina $34,9$ 3.73 as
grants immediately as part of the
$27,21 $,000 provided in the second
deficiency bill submitted to the
House for social security.
Under the new Social Security
act, the sums would go to the
States for the blind'crippled chil
dren, child welfare, maternal and
child health services, and vocational
Since neither North Carolina or
South Carolina h|s laws under
which the aged would be cared for
under the Social Security act, noth
ing will be sent into those States
until, they have qualified.
Under a statement of the resume
of the facts brought out before the
appropriations committee and
which was made public, it is stat
ed, “North Carolina has no legisla
tion for old-age assistance. A
commission has been appointed to
prepare recommendations for the
next Legislature which will meet in
1937; information has been received
that an effort will be made to
present a plan through administra
tive action.”
-- .
J. W. Bean'Resigns
State WPA Job
J. W. Bean of Spencer, represen
tative from Rowan in the 193 5
General Assembly, has resigned as
director of labor management for
the State Works Progress adminis
tration and will be succeeded by
E. G. Dorsey, former district ERA
administrator in Henderson and
Bean’s resignation will be effec
tive February 15. He will return
to his former position with the
Southern railway.
The division of labor manage
ment will be consolidated February
1 with the division of intake and
certification into a new State WPA
unit the division of employment.
Buenos Aires—Bolivia and Para
guay, ending lengthy negotiations*
signed a protocol for the repatria
tion of war prisoners, the re-es
tablishment otf diplomatic rela
tions and reiterating guarantees
against a resumption of hostilities.
The great Colossus of Rhodes,
one of the wonders of the world,
was built by Chares in 290 B. C.
Lindbergh Baby Slayer
Is Granted A Reprieve
Gov. Hoffman Grants A Stay of 30 Days Which
Means 60 Days of Grace Before Execution
Can Be Ordered
- t
Bruno Richard Hauptmann, con
victed Lindbergh baby killed, has
been saved temporarily from the
lelectric chair by a 30-day reprieve
from Gov. Harold G. Hoffman.
It came only 29 hours before the
hour of execution.
"I am granting a reprieve,” the
governor said ,'for divers reasons
which I do not yre to disclose at
this time.”
The reprieve, though only for 30
days, actually assures Hauptmann
of at least eight more weeks of life
and perhaps three months due to
the fact it will be necessary to re
sentence him.
Governor Hoffman acted soon
* * x X XX X XX
* _ *
* Columbia, S. C.—Hereafter *
* passengers in Columbia police *
* patrol wagons are going to be *
* charged taxi fare for rides to *
*jail if they are convicted* *
* Mayor L. B. Owens in- *
* structed Police Chief, W. H. *
* Rawlison to "see that a 50- *
* cent charge is imposed on *
* everybody who rides to the *
* city jail in the patrol, provid- *
* ed they are convicted in the *
* Recorder’s Court. *
Husband No. 2
Comes Back To
Claim His Wife
Goldsboro—Will Ormond, Wayne
county register of deeds, wants to
know if any other register of deeds
in the State has a story to beat this
On October 21, 1886, Jeannette
Minshew of near Eureka, Wayne
county, married Bill Coley of the
same section. Coley died and
sometime later Mrs. Coley married
J. F. Day. About 30 years ago,
Day left and went out west. Mrs.
Day heard he was dead and she mar
ried a Mr. Edwards.
After some years, Edwards died
and she became the wife of Walter
Scott. Three or four years ago,
Scott followed the way of his pre
decessor, and Mrs. Scott again was
a widow.
Saturday, January 11, Day re
turned, and claimed his erstwhile
bride. Last week Day and his for
mer wife came to Goldsboro,
bought a marriage license at the
office of the register of deeds and
were married.
Their son, Preston Day, accom
panied them.
Griffin, Ga.—A group of em
ployes of the Slpalding Knitting
mills went out on strike. Robert
P. Shapard, Jr., president of the
mills, estimated 100 workers left
their jobs after half a dozen work
ers ran through the knitting room,
shutting off motors and urging em
ployes to quit.
» _ *
* Dallas, Texas—The Dallas *
* News says Airlines officials are *
* investigating a theory that a *
* passenger — temporarily de
* ranged or seeking to commit *
* suicide without invalidating *
* his insurance policies—caused *
* the crash of the American Air- *
* lines plane in Arkansas last *
* Tuesday night. *
* The newspaper said it learn- *
* ed one of the passengers had *
* made two attempts to take out *
* an additional $25,000 life in- *
* surance after boarding the *
* plane in the East. *
* * * >5* * * * * Jl
after the United States Supreme
court, in a one-sentence decision by
Chief Justice Hughes, denied
Hauptmann’s appeal for a writ of
habeas corpus and a stay of exe
There will be only the one re
prieve, "unless the evidence should
warrant” another, the governor
said.. If Hauptmann is to be fin
ally saved it must be through the
presentation of sufficient new evi
dencerffto warrant Justice Thomas
W. Trenchard, who sat at Flem
ington, granting a request for a
new trial, or for anew plea for
clemency to the state pardons court.
High Wind, Rain
Do Much Damage
Two States Covered By
What Seemed To Be A
Young Hurricane
Torrential rains and wind of gale
proportions Sunday morning smash
ed several plate glass windows, rip
ped down large signs, and toppled
chimneys. A garage housing a
dozen automobiles and trucks at a
CCC camp here was destroyed by
wind, but no damage was caused
to the vehicles.
An off-season wind and rain
storm which left no part of the
two states unscathed swirled across
the Carolinas Sunday, leaving in its
wake widespread but unestimated
damage to property and crops.
Torrential rains, amounting to
several inches in some places, came
with the wind and sent creeks, and
small streams out of their banks.
The larger rivers, some of them at
flood stage only a few days ago,
were rising rapidly again.
Tumbling temperatures followed
the Storm, and near zero weather
was forecast at many points.
The wind uprooted trees, unroof
ed many small buildings, tore down
signboards, smashed plate glass
windows, and crippled communica
tion and power systems at some
places. No one city or town, how
ever, suffered extensive damage.
There were a few casualties. At
Gaffney, S. C., a negro suffered a
head injury when the wind blew
in a window at his-home, showering
him with slithers of glass.
Although a 5 0-mile gale whipped
the North Carolina coast, little
damage to shiping was reported.
Highway travel between North
Carolina and Tennessee was'block
ed several hours when the French
Broad river left its bed about 20
miles northwest of Asheville and
crawled upon a main highway near
Marshall. Later the stream receded
and the route was reopened to
Lowlands throughout the central
part of the state were flooded by
small streams and near Mt. Airy
the water threatened both rail and
road traffic. One Atlantic and
Yadkin train was blocked off for a
time at Walnut Cove.
Stage Walkout In
Protest Of Food
Approximately 45 students at
Catawba college walked out of the
dining room Friday night in protest
against what they termed poor fare.
No demonstration accompanied the
All were back at breakfast next
morning, and meals are being con
tinued as usual.
Wilson Cheek, president of the
student body, said the college fare
had its "off days,” although the
majority of the students were satis
fied with the food served.
Students blame officials who
mete out the dining room funds for
the situation.
The first lighthouse on record
was built at Alexandria, Egypt, in
283 B. C. by the Pharos.
Wins "Met” Contract
NEW YOBK . . . Joseph Benton,
33, American tenor from Oklahoma,
won high praise in his Metropolitan
Opera debut, a performance which
won him a year ’a contract, -having!
taken a role in^Manon” en 3|
day’s notice.
Hp^e Passes
gate’s Bond
flan 346 To 59
Both Chambers Sure Of
Large Enough Majority
To Override Pres.
Washington—The long bonus
battle virtually came to an end
here Wednesday when the House by
overwhelming vote approved the
Senate bill which calls for payment
of the war veterans adjusted ser
vice certificates and sent it to the
White House for approval.
The vote was 346 to 59.
Representatives Tarver and Cox,
of the Georgia delegation voted
against the measure.
The measure is backed by the
American Legion, Veterans of For
eign Wars and Disabled American
Speaker Byrns signed the bill
soon after the House had passed
it. Vice President Garner’s signa
ture was atached a short time la
ter, and the measure was taken to
the White House.
Under the Constitution the Presi
dent has ten days in which he may
sign bill or return it to Congress
with his veto. Should he fail to
take either action, the measure au
tomatically becomes law at the ex
piration of this period.
Mr. Roosevelt has maintained a
steadfast silence on the bonus ques
tions during the present session.
Because of his emphatetic veto of "
the bonus measure passed last year,
many Democratic leaders in both
houses privately were of the opin
ion he would reject the present
oponsors oi tne Din However,
were certain the "baby-bond” plan
has the necessary two-thirds vote
required to override an excutive
The bill directs the Treasury to
exchange the adjusted service cer
tificates for negotiable bonds, issued
in multiples of $50. Veterans
may leave their bonds in the Treas
ury and obtain 3 per cent interest
on them or cash them at once.
The bill cancels approximately
250 million dollars in interest
charges incurred since October
15, 1931, by veterans who have
borrowed on their certificates.
With more than 3,500,000 indi
viduals possessing certificates, the
Treasury will be required to issue
1,836 million dollars in bonds.
Veterans who have less than $50
credited to them will be paid off
in cash, requiring an additional
outlay of $87,700,000.
To approve the Senate bond pro
posal the House adopted a special
resolution offered by Representa
tive Doughton (Democrat), of
North Carolina, chairman of the
ways and means committee, direct
ing concurrence in the Senate bonus
Before the House acted, Repre
sentative McCormack (Democrat),
of Massachusetts, one of the vet
erans’ leaders, expressed confidence
the ex-service men would spend
their money in a "wise manner.”
"I know the men contem
plate and will use this money
properly,” he added. “They
will spend it in sudh a way as
to benefit the entire communi
Because of the Herculean cler
ical task involved in going over
veterans’ accounts,-it is expected
no bonds will be issued until June.
* LESS THAN $5,000 *
* _ «■
* New York—The value of *
* the estate of Samuel L. Roth- *
* afel, the "Roxy” of the tea- *
* tre, was put at "less than *
* $5,000 by his widow, Rosa R. *
* Rothafel, in Surrogate’s Court. *

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