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Pure Bred Seeds Best For Farmer (Mecklenburg Times) For five years C. G. Lawrence; Mecklenburg County Vocational Agricultural teacher at Mint Hill has been preaching and practicing the gospel of pure bred seeds and munity. C. G. Lawrence, who has seen certified and registered seed trans form low yields in cotton, corn, wheat, and oats, into high yields on average farm lands, is still say ing that good seed planted to good soil is the basis of good farming. Three years ago he proved to the farmers of Mecklenburg county the value of good seed by bringing in to the community seeds that were well adapted, true to type, and very prolific. In the fall of 1932, Mr. Lawrence brought into his community 5 0 bushels of Leap’s Prolific Strain 12 this was seeded and produced 1250 bushels. 600 bushels were certified. In the fall of 1935 the farmers seeded around 1500 acres from the stock of seed, and received very high yields. In the spring or 193 5 the farm ers with the assistance of Mr. Law rence in their Evening Class work organized themselves and bought from Coker’s Breeding Farm 2000 lbs. of Farm Relief Strain 3 cotton, this seed was seeded on five dif ferent farms away from any other cotton, protecting it against the danger of crossing in varieties. This cotton produced an average of 497 pounds of lint cotton per acre. The farmers in the Mint Hill community, or section, are striving for a one variety cotton com munity, they have for planting in the spring of 1936, 1500 bushels of Farm Relief Strain 3 cotton _ seed.—During this -session q£JEy«!_ ing Classes 8 farmers bought 30 bushels of Registered seed corn to plant their entire crops, the varie ties bought were the Wedkley’s Improved prolific and Jarvis Gold en prolific. In the fall of 1935 those crops were field selected foi the 1936 crop. This community has now enough field selected cer tified seed corn to plant their entire crops for 1936 and 37. This same group of fanners are also very proud of their famous Coker’s 32-1 cold and smut resis tant oats. They are standing this cold weather like the rock of Gib raltar. A very fine oats they are. Livestock and poultry have not been neglected, the men and boys have in this community 3 2 sows foi breeding purpose direct from regis tered sires and dams on both sides. They can if desired be registered. Poultry has also been increaing very rapidly in the past two years, we have now 27 new brooder houses contructed and around 15000 baby chicks brought into the community Rocks, Reds and the White Leg horn. The farmers throughout this sec tion are beginning to realize 20% more land is seeded to soil improve ment crops than were three years ago. The evening Class students are now thinking in terms of A-l farming which in short will make a great difference in the improve ments of farming. Mr. Lawrence has found great pleasure in working with farmers and he enjoys his profession to the highest degree of satisfaction. Brief News Items The Golden Queen variety of tomato is making Henderson coun ty famous for its fine juice, says the county agent. The production credit association of Davie county will be of tre mendous value to farmers this sea son, according to the present out look. C. L. Ballance and W. A. Mc Kay, both of whom farm near St. Pauls in Robeson county bought 500 and 250 pounds, respectively, of lespedeza seed last week. Stokes county farmers have de cided that 10 percent of the culti vated acreage in the county should make a 25 percent increase in soil improving crops. Thirty Yancey county farmers have placed a cooperative order for lespedeza, red clover, orchard grass, timothy and tobacco seed. Fifty-seven demonstrations farms •have been selected in Buncombe county for a study of farm man agement problems by the TVA and the State College Extension Service. Two new farm water systems jwere installed in Guilford county .last week with one using electrical ; power and the other a windmill. D. Davis of Pearson County is (planting a small acreage to alfalfa 'this spring as a demonstration study. BOOK PUBLISHER DIES Cincinnati—Edward Rosenthal 5 8, vice president of S. Rosenthal 6 Co., publishers and book binders and owner or part owner of sever al trade magazines, died of a heart attack. New Soil Program To Check Overproduction The primary objective of the new soil conservation and domestic al lotment act is the wise use of land, but its ultimate objectives are more far-reaching. "By conserving our soil resources and putting our land to better use,” said Dean I. O. Schaub, cf State College, "we hope that the production of basic farm commo dities will be held in check.” Under the new plan, he said, it will not be possible to control the crop production of individual farms, as under the AAA, but it is believed the program will tend tc prevent serious over-production and its consequent demoralization of prices. The act provides for government grants to farmers for growing erosion-control and soil-building crops such as legumes and grasses rather than oil-depleting cash crops. Any farmer who wishes to im prove his land, and shows evidence that he follows the provisions of the program, will be eligible for compensation from the govern ment, the dean added. It was realized, he explained, that many farmers could not afford to reduce their cash crops and in crease their grasses and legumes without some financial aid. The basis on which the payments will be made have not been deter mined at present, he continued, but it will probably constitute several methods so that tfre payments will be as equitable as possible to all growers. Special consideration is being given the small farmer in view of the fact that many felt the old AAA failed in some respects to give him an equal break with the large I planter. _ Farm Questions Answered At STATE CALLEGE QUESTION: Should minerals be added to the ration of a dairy cow? ANSWER: Home-grown feeds do not supply enough calcium and phosphorus and it is necessary that jjood mineral mixture be pro vided, especially for growing and breeding animals. For good pro ducers a mineral mixture composed of equal parts of finely ground limestone and steamed bone meal should be added to the concentrate ration at the rate of 2 pounds of minerals to each 100 pounds of ra tion. This, together with the min erals carried in the hay and grain will enable the cow to replace the calcium and phosphate taken from her body by heavy milk produc tion. QUESTION: What keeps my broilers from feathering out as they should? ANSWER: Early feathering is usually inherited, but the failure to feather is influenced to some ex tent by temperature, humidity, and diet. Overheating and lack of hu midity will retard the feathering process and if the ration is materi ally lacking in certain minerals and in protein, poor feathering will re sult. Check the ration carefully and make corrections, if necessary, so that the birds will get a balanced diet with the necessary minerals. QUESTION: How much lespe deza should be used an acre when sown on small grain? ANSWER: When broadcast at least one bushel (25 pounds) of seed should be used to the acre. The seed should be covered lightly If the seed are drilled in, less seec is required. The drill should be set to run very shallow and the seec may be mixed with suJer-phos phate, basic slag or ground lime stone. A good stand of lespedez is necessary for best results and few extra pounds of seed to the acri will more than pay for the seed it hay or soil improvement. Winter Does Not tnd War Against Insects The severe cold weather of the past few months did not bring a cessation of hostilities in the war between man and insects. The brief truce is now over, said C. H. Brannon, extension entomolo gist at State College, and good farmers are getting ready to renew the fight. Although exceedingly cold tem peratures kill some insects, he said, enough will survive to seriously damage the crops in the spring and summer unless preventative meas ures are taken. The boll weevil can wreak havoc with the cotton fields if weather conditions during the growing sea son are favorable to its develop ment. Cotton growers should prepare now for weevil control, he said. What battle was ever won by wait ing until the enemy appeared before starting to get ready for the con flict? he queried. He urged tobacco growers to watch their plant beds carefully for signs of flea beetle injury. When beetles are found, apply poisons ac cording to recommendations of county farm agents. TT_____ -t /'Antmnil 1XUU1 W VHUJ » — - source of loss to tobacco growers, but machines have been devised to aid in their control. The same machine can often be used in cot ton fields too, Brannon added. Derris dust containing three fourths of one per cent roten-one is the most effective poison against Mexican Bean beetles, he stated, and it is not poisonous to human be ings. Orchadists who have not yet ap plied the winter scale spray should complete the applications before it is too late in the spring. Also get ready to follow the spraying and dusting schedules for spring and summer. Spraying calendars may be secur i ed from ;the agricultural editor at State College. Develop Strong Bee Colonies In Spring A bee colony that grows strong and healty in the spring will be in a good position to gather large quantities of honey when the flow ers and trees put forth their blos soms. To insure the development of a strong colony, C. L. Sams, exten sion apiarist at State College, urges beekeepers to examine their colon ies on a warm day in early spring. The colony should have a good queen, an abundance of food, plenty of brood comb, and a large force of workers. It should also be free from disease. If the colony has less than 15 pounds of stores, it should be fed with honey taken from a healthy hive that has a surplus or with a syrup made of equal parts of water and sugar. The condition of the queen may be determined by examining a few combs of brood. Brood from a good queen will be in solid patches, with very few, if any, cells left va cant, Sams pointed out. If the brood comb has man} empty cells, the queen is weak The absence of brood indicates thai the colony is queenless. A colony with a weak queen, oj without a queen, should be united with one that has a vigorous, pro lific queen. If the colony is ir fairly good condition, it may b( advisable to introduce a new queer to the place of an old or weak one Bees die rapidly, Sams explained and unless a large number of bees ii raised from the brood in spring, thi colony will not be able to gather ; great deal of nectar when the hone) flow starts. In the warmer sections of thi State, it will be safe to open thi hives for examination in March In the cooler mountain areas, it i best to wait as late as May to avoic danger of chilling the colonies, hi warned. Gave Mortgage On Mustache Man Accepted This Odd Security On Mule Trade Eden ton—For 50 or 60 years Isaac Eason, aged Belvidere negro, had natured a mustache. He had seen it grow from the pin feather stage into a thing of long flowing beauty that was the wonderment of the countryside. It was Isaac’s greatest prize. Then Isaac bought a mule. The broadtail was priced at $75 and Isaac didn’t have that much. He offered a chattel mortgage by way of full return. Winslow & White,! the mulemen, sought additional se curity, Isaac said he had none. 'How about your mustache?” ask ed the owners of the animal, confi dent Isaac would never sacrifice the facial adornment no matter what the provocation, Isaac hesitated but finally fell. The mustache went into indenture to this wise: “one black mule, 14 hands, weight 1,100 pounds and one greayish white mustache.” On Wednesday, 22 years after the transaction, the mortgage record was discovered in the Perquimans county court house. Inquiry brought recollec tions that Isaac, now dead, made no forfeiture but cancelled his mort gage and wore his mustache proud ly to the grave. LOOK AT THE YELLOW label on the front page of your paper. If your subscription has expired it is important that you send in your renewal promptly. Thf Carolina Watchman. Hints To Gardeners i by Gordon Morrison Breeding Expert Ferry Seed Institute I _ _I 1 Prepare Soil Early IN gardening as in Christmas shop ping an early start is important. Size up your garden plot now to determine what can be done to im prove the soil. Spade or plow early. If a handful of soil gripped firmly can be crum bled readily upon release, the soil is in condition to be plowed or spaded. If the handful of soil does not crumble readily but remains packed, put off the job until a later day. Any soil is enriched by manure, Clay soils are improved in texture and sandy soils are improved in water holding capacity by spading under manure, rotted leaves or lawn clippings or rotted garden refuse. Complete commercial fertilizers are everywhere available. Ask for a**"4-12-6” or similar mixture. Broad cast and rake in about four pounds of this per square rod just before planting. It is important that fertilizer be used cautiously, for an excess is often harmful, particularly when ■dealing with production of fruits, that is, tomato, cucumber, pepper, etc. Garden preparation effort Is ■wasted if you do not plant seeds from dependable sources. Select your favorite varieties at the nearby store before the supply is depleted. Make sure they are freshly packed. To gardeners who also -like . to maintain an excellent lawn—easi ness of renewal again is important. Take advantage of a comparatively warm, early spring day when, the surface is almost bare and the air is calm. Sow about a teacupful of seed to 100 square feet of lawn. Melting snow carries the seed into the soil and subsequent light snows will be beneficial. Tender seedlings thus get h good start before the days become too warm.' Take Care Of Chicks To Succeed With Hens The future success of the poultry flock depends a great deal upon th« care and management of growing chicks in the spring. Give them proper care, said Roy S. Dearstyne, head of the poultry department at State College, and they will grow into strong, vigor ous profitable birds. 'Some of the fundamentals to ob serve while the chicks are young were pointed out as follows: Do not overcrowd. See that there are not more than two chicks for each square foot of floor space in the brooder house. Provide two-half gallon drinking founts for each 100 chicks. One five-foot mash hopper will be enough for each 100 chicks during the first three weeks. From the age of three weeks un til they reach broiler size, each 10( chicks should have two mash hop pers four inches high, six inche: wide, and five feet long. Inadequate feeding and drinking facilities is one of the faults ir poultry raising. nave adequately controlled ven tilation. More chicks are killed oi weakened by overheating than bi chilling. Keep the feed hoppers filled witl a well balanced mash. Aim to have the chicks consum ing about equal parts of mash ant scratch feed at the sixth week. Maintain rigid sanitation. Cull all slow developing chicks These seldom "come through” ant prove profitable. When the weather permits, ge the chicks out on the ground. I great deal of benefit is gained fron sunshine, green feed, and fresh air All kinds of printing done prompt ly at The Carolina Watchman 119 East Fishfr St. 1 * " ■—- - I -- ! CINCINNATI . . . Robert A. i Taft (above), son of the late; President Taft, is the choice of! the Ohio State Republican Central! Committee, as a favorite son can-: didate to oppose Senator Borah in: the May primaries. AVAILABLE AT ONCE. Raw leigh Route of 800 families in Southeast Davidson, Stanly coun ties and Salisbury. Only reli able men need apply. Can earn $25 or more weekly. No cash required. Write today. 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ZENITH FERTILIZERS containing Lime and Ground Tobacco Stems for filler, are manufactured in Salisbury to suit Rowan County soil. ZENITH CHEMICAL CO. SALISBURY, N. C.