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Published Every Friday Morning By The Carolina Watchman Pub. Co. SALISBURY, NORTH CAROLINA E. W. G. Huffman._President SUBSCRIPTION RATES: Payable In Advance One Year_$1.80 6 Months- TO Entered as second-class mail matter at the postoffice at Sal isbury, N. C., under the act of March 3, 1879. The influence of weekly news papers on public opinion exceeds that of all other publications in the country.—Arthur Brisbane. POPULATION DATA (1930 Census) Salisbury _16,951 Spencer _3,128 E. Spencer_2,098 China Grove_1,258 Landis _1,388 Rockwell_ 696 Granite Quarry_ 507 Cleveland_ 43 5 FaitK _ 431 Gold Hill_ 156 (Population Rowan Co. 56,665) FRIDAY, MARCH 20, 1936. Every Chamber of Commerce at one time or another discusses the possibility of securing industries for the town, that the idle labor may be employed, and a pay roll built up. The discussion usually ends up in a committee being appointed to investigate the possibility of secur ing an industry. Some times sites are offered and bonuses are paid to induce industries to locate in the town. When it comes to securing industries for the average small town most committees start in at the wrong end. They try to bring an industry to the town bodily from another town or attempt to organ ize one from the ground up. A better way is to direct attention first to the industries the town al ready has. The first step should be a survey to see to what extent they are being patronized by the home community. If they are not being patronized the reason why should be discovered and if possible remedied. Often if this is done a small industry will be put on its feet and become a potential em ployer of labor in a short time. But this isn’t all. Other indus tries seeing its prosperity will be attracted to the town and soon the town’s industry problem will be solved. This is the simplest and most effective way for the average small town to unite and induce other industries to locate within its gates. CAN WAR BE AVOIDED? For more than a year we have been hearing war talk from many parts of the world, and have been getting news of actual warfare. First Japan invaded China—and no body did anything about it. Then Italy attacked Ethiopia. The whole world protested, and the League of Nations undertook to put pressure on Italy to desist from its unwar ranted attack on a weak and almost defenseless nation. Then we heard threats of war in the Far East between Japan and Russia. In the meantime, how ever, Germany disclosed the fact that it was rearming and preparing for another war—a war of "de fense”, of course, though lobody seemed to be threatening Germany Russia disclosed that it has the largest trained and equipped army in the world, and a reserve of 17 million men. Stalin, the Russian dictator, denied that Russia hac any hostile intentions toward Jap an, but spoke of the menace tc world peace that lay in Germany’s belligerent attitude. France has been strengthening her armies and the fortification! along the German and Italian bord ers. Britain, following Trims Minister Baldwin’s declaration that the British frontier is no longer th< North Sea but the Rhine, announc ed the other day a program of aerial and naval rearmament to be com pleted in three years. Germany’s answer to that was to move its army across the Rhine, occupying territory which, under the Versailles Treaty and the later Pact of Loc arno, it was obligated to keep de militarized. But Hitler declared those treaties had been rendered void by the new treaty between France and Russia. All of those things are fighting gestures. They may lead to war, or they may result only in a read justment of European relations and a possible easing of the warlike tension. Nobody knows. All that is certain is that the world is in a state where a single false move may start a greater war than has ever been seen. Such a war would al most certainly destroy civilization as we understand it. Quite a number of good Ameri cans have shown indignation over the fact that Earl Browder, secre tary of the Communist Party, was allowed to broadcast a speech on his party’s principles the other day. Many more American citizens have got all worked up over the fact that some schools and colleges ac tually try to explain to their stu dents the principles of Commun ism—along with the principles of other forms of government, in cluding our own. One of the prime principles of Americanism is the right of every body to speak freely on any subject. Another American principle is that everybody should understand as much as possible about his own government—and others. If we are afraid that Communism or any other "ism” is so alluring that most folks will prefer it to what we have, that does not speak very well for our faith in our own system. But the best way—the American way—to maintain our own insti tutions is to let those who over throw them talk all they please. Suppression of Communism or of anything else only tends to en courage its advocates. TODAY AND TOMORROW —BY— Frank Parker Stockbridge POLITICS.election I have 'been writing about politics for more than 40 years. There have been several presidential cam paigns, in these 40 years, in which the result could be predicted with certainty, even before the candi dates were nominated. This does not look to me like that kind of a year. To both Democratic and Repub lican friends the advice I give when they ask me for it is not to be too confident. I think it will be a close election. It certainly will be a hard-fought campaign. But as things stand now, I would say the odds are in favor of Mr. Roosevelt, no matter who may be nominated against him. That is, as a matter of fact, al most always the case when a Presi dent stands for reelection. The ins have the best of it. They have a well-organized party machine and the outs seldom do. * * * ISSUES .... just one As I see the political picture, there will be just one issue. How ever it may be expressed, it will come down to a question of whether I the voters want to continue the ' present policies and methods of the Federal Government, or! whether I they want a chance. The Opposition will center its campaign upon the acts of the present Ad ministration, denounce many of the things for which Mr. Roosevelt is held responsible and demand a com plete change. In other words, the outcome of the election next November rests upon whether more voters are pleased than are displeased with the conduct of the Government under Mr. Roosevelt thus far, or vice versa. I think the personalities of the candidates will count for much less than is generally anticipated. HANDICAPS . .*. . in office No matter what changes the Re publicans promise, and no matter how honestly they are made, if the Republican candidate is elected he will be handicapped by having to work for two years at least with a Senate of the opposite party. More than a majority of the Senate to day consists of Democratic Sena tors whose terms don’t expire until the end of 1938. I don’t mean to imply that most of these are not statesmen enough to go along with a Republican President, if elected, on issues of major importance and upon which the majority public sentiment has been sharply defined. But, on any issue upon which vital differences occur in policies of the two parties, the next President, if a Republican, might find it hard sledding to do much toward building up the poli tical machinery to continue himself and his party in power. The first objective of any politi cal party when it finds itself in, instead of out, is to dig its trenches and throw up its fortifications so that it can stay in. * * * CANDIDATES_Landon While I am not personally con cerned with any of the individuals who seem to be at all likely to be come the Republican candidate, I know two or three of them per sonally. The one whom I don’t know at all is, at present, easily the leading candidate for the nomi nation. That is Governor Alfred M. Landon of Kansas. Gov. Landon’s availability is based upon several factors. For one thing, he has been in politics all his life. This being a political government, nobody but an experi enced politician can do a first-rate job of administering it. His geo graphical location counts. His friends say he has made a good rec ord for economical administration, and he is one of the few Republi can Governors who was elected in 1934. But to my notion his strongest asset is that John Hamilton, Coun sel to the Republican National Committee and one of the ablest politicians in that party, has un dertaken to manage the Landon campaign. I am not, however, ad vising anybody at this time to bet on his election or that of any other Republican. * * * VOTERS .... seventy million There are somewhat more than 70 million men and women over 21 years old in the United States who are qualified to vote for Presi dential electors this year. In 1932 a few more than 38 million cast their ballots for the candidates of the two major parties. Nearly half of those who were qualified did not vote. There are no figures to show what proportion of the voters who went to the polls four years ago were men, and what proportion women. Many of my political friends think the women’s votes will decide this year’s election. I find, among women of ages of my ac quaintance, more intense interest in politics than I have ever ob served before. I know that both party organi zations are going to make more vigorous efforts than have ever yet been made to get out the voters. It will not surprise me to see 50 mil lion votes cast this coming Fall. One thing I am sure of, and that is that it is going to be a lively and exciting campaign. FAR BE it from us to reveal a SINGLE NAME today, even if THERE WERE no rules against * * * IT. A certain wife right here in THE CITY who has a husband who * * * DRINKS TO an excess decided => #• si TWO WEEKS ago that she would * * * MAKE ANOTHER attempt to BREAK HIM orf the habit. She got A SHEET, a flashlight, and 4e TRANSFORMED HERSELF into * * * A GHOST. He was snoring away * * « ON A sofa when she shook him. "WHASH THAT?”*He MURMERED. ''SATAN” came x x x THE REPLY in sepulchral tones. HE OPENED one eye, sat up -2< -2< STRAIGHT ON the sofa, and STUCK OUT his hand in a FRIENDLY manner. ''Shake HANDS, OLD horsh,” he said. "I MARRIED your sister.” I THANK YOU* PICAYUNES LOOKING IN THE FUTURE An aged couple had been sitting in front of the fire a long time without speaking. At length the husband inquired: "What were you thinking?” The wife replied: "I was just thinking how long we have lived to gether and that it couldn’t go on forever like this and the time will soon come when one of us will have to go.” "Yes,” assented the old man, "but it’s no use to worry about that now.” "No,” was the reply, "but I was just thinking that when it does happen I would like to go to Cali fornia to live.” AH, HA! THAT’S IT "I generally have an argument with my husband once a week. Do you?” "Oh, no, Richard is paid month ly-” POLISHED Young Man—She certainly is polished—doncha think so? Girl Friend—Yeah. Everything she says casts a reflection on some one. A GOOD START "Do you play bridge?” "Well, I’ve got a set of clubs.” The motorist, while trying out his new car at its utmost speed, re moved ten feet of a stone wall. As he was recovering conscious- ( ness in the hospital, the doctor (an old friend) said to him: 'Don’t you know me? I’m Peter.” The patient gave a start, "I’m Dr. Pe ter. Don’t you know me? Why did you jump?” "Oh,” said the injured one,” you gave me a fright. I thought at first you meant St. Peter. Employment Agent: "What was the matter with your last place?” Domestic: "The couple had only been married a month, and I couldn’t stand the lovemaking.” Agent: "Well, here’s a chance in a house where the couple have been married 10 years.” Domestic: "That’s too long. I like peace and quiet.” LUw SFhtU Calims Agent: "Here’s another farmer who is suing us on account of cows.” Official: "One of our trains has killed them, I suppose?” Agent: "No, he claims our trains go so slow that the passengers lean out of the windows and milk the cows as they go by.” Neighbor: "Have you a bottle opener?” Parent: "Yes, but he’s away at college”. Wife (to husband sick in bed): "Darling, I’m just writing to mo ther—er—how do you spell ceme tery, with an S or a C,” "Paul, this suit is very shabby. May I give it away?” "Heavens, no. That is the suit I go to protest against my income tax assesments in.” ALL IMPORTANT The undersized husband was try ing on the overcoat his wife had bought him for Christmaas. "You know, dear”, he said, gaz ing at himself in the mirror, "this is a nice present and all that, and don’t think I’m ungrateful. But; really, isn’t it much too big for me?” "I know, my dear,” she murmer ed. "But we can’t help that. You must remember that it’s got to cover the radiator of the car in cold weather. We have to consider that first, haven’t we?” AN EARLY RISER "I reckon,” said the farmer, "that I get up earlier than anybody in the neighborhood. I am always up before 3 o’clock in the morn ing.” The second farmer said he was always up before then and had part of the chores done. The first farmer thought he was a liar and decided to find out. A few mornings after he got up at 2 o’clock and went to his neigh bor’s house. He rapped on the back door and the woman of the house opened it. "Where is your husband?” asked the farmer, expecting to find his neighbor in bed. "He was around here early this morning,” answered his wife, "but I don’t know where he is now.” CAUGHT Rannells: "Morrison has a predi lection for talking in his sleep. Several times recently he mention ed the name "Naomi” in his dreams, and his wife questioned him about it.” Tony: "How did he wiggle out of it?” Rannells: "Oh, that,” he said thinking fast, "is the name of a friend’s horse.” Buc several days later when he came home and asked his wife the news of the day, she replied: "Nothing exciting happen ed, except that your friend’s horse called you up twice.” Six Stitches Sewn In Heart Of Stabbed Man Los Angeles—A night surgeon at the city emergency hospital! sewed six stitches in the heart of a man stabbed in a street brawl— and the patient lived. Dr. A. E. Saverick performed the two-hour operation, first in the 30-year history of the hospital, up on Francisco Parra, 5$-year-old Mexican laborer. He removed 3-inch pieces from two of Parra’s ribs, exposing the heart. Then he sewed the long gash in the pericardium or heart covering. Para’s left lung also was punc tured by the knife. His condition is serious. CEMETERY PICKETS SUED Atlanta—Cemetery pickets who delay funerals are subject to dam age suits, the Georgia court of ap peals ruled. The suit, on fhich the ruling was made, was appealed from Fulton county (Atlanta). A. L. Stephens, Carl Stephens and their three sisters sued Simond Waits and his wife for $1 actual damages and $4,999 punitive dam ages for trying to prevent the bur ial of a brother, in the Godby I cemetery. Roosevelt Son In Radio Job New York—Hearst Radio, Inc., announced the appointment of El liott Roosevelt, son of the Presi dent, to the position of vice-presi dent of the company, in charge of Hearst Radio properties in the Southwest. The President’s twenty-eight year-old second son also became president of the KTSA Broadcast ing Company of San Antonio, Tex as, ana of KT Broadcasting Com pany, the licensee of Station KNOW of Austin. Young Roosevelt will continue to reside in Fort Worth, where since September he has been active as vice-president and sales promo tion manager of the Southwest Broadcasting Company, two of whose stations have recently been purchased by Hearst Radio. Vick Co. Plans Expansion Greensboro.—Plans by Vicks for further expansion of its production facilities in Greensboro were an nounced by L. Richardson, presi dent of Vick Chemical Company. These plans call for a separate la boratory for exclusive production of Vicks medicated cough drops— one of Vicks latest products—the new plant to be completed and in operation by midsummer. This step is but one in a pro gram of expansion that Vicks car ried on throughout the years of de pression—more than doubling its employement rolls during that peri od. Four years ago, in both Greens boro and Philadelphia, Vick labora tories were considerably enlarged and facilities added to take care of new products production. Two years later these facilities in Philadelphia had to be increased by half again, to meet increasing production quotas from both domestic and export departments. Last year the steadily growing de mand for Vicks vapo rub and Vicks va-tro-nol made necessary exten sive alterations and added equip ment in the Greensboro labora tories. RUNAWAY YOUTH MAKES GOOD” Winthrop, Mass.—Richard H. Avery, 17-year-old high school stu dent missing for more than a year, informed his father he was well and had become successful in the build ing trades. Herbert Avery, the boy’s father, said he received a let ter from the youth from Florida. PREPARE TO GREET F. R. Winter Ha(ven, Fla.—Prepara tions went forward in various parts of Florida for a visit Saturday from President Roosevelt. After re ceiving an honorary degree and de livering an address at a special Rollins college convocation, the President and his party will dri/e through Orlando en route to Titus ville. SIGNS OF SPRING-. by a. b. c*pi» I_^ / .L 3 3 DRAIN TU RADIATOR Tan' fill ver with /FRESH WATEP-, GREASE AN'OIL FlEB FivE GALL'NS OGA$, CHECK Th'iGI: ’W, •SEE THAT SUE IAY, AW' 1 WANT Htrt Uu half'n'our. ' r—_ t+r — , UG-G~£-GS I W A BoT-EL-L-L-LS A m ^1R0K/-Ii-N - V/IUTfeR. WAsTf t1- TEBBI8LE HABdL & ON STREETS E \ < AN' BOAPS / _ r. | I (WASN'T »T [VEP! An ' 1 tough on Garage doors, TOO—1 A T--->© THIS WEEK IN WASHINGTON (Continued from page One) may be scaled down. Resistance is very strong to any increase in individual income taxes except in what are termed the "upper brackets.” Incomes in ex cess of $10,000 net a year may be taxed at a higher rate than at pres ent. There is also a strong indi cation that there will be many ex cise taxes. There is little likelihood of higher taxes on liquor and tobacco. There is much more likelihood of new taxes that will increase the costs of food and clothing. The President has asked for nearly $800,000 more a year in new taxes. The chances are that Congress will vote about $500,000, 000. This will not he enough to balance the budget of ordinary ex penditures. Neither will it include anything for the continuation of direct Federal relief activities. Somewhere between $1,000, 000,000 and $2,000,000,000 will have to be provided for relief for the next fiscal year. Whatever it comes to, that and the budget de ficit will have to be made up by additional Government borrowing. The prospect does not frighten Washington, in view of the eager ness with which the money market took up more than$ 1,000,000,000 in a new Government loan a week or a two ago. NEW FARM ACT No very definite program for the administration of the new Farm Act has yet been formulated by Secretary Wallace, who is in charge of its administration. There will be on contracts with individual farmers specifying how much each may produce, as under the AAA. Some system of bonus payments to those who voluntarily retire acreage from cultivation and plant it to soil conserving crops of a nature that will not disturb the market for farm staples is what is contemplated. It is not an easy thing to figure out a system that will accomplish the objective of taking 3 0 million acres out of cultivation and dis tribute $500,000,000 to farmers for doing so. MOTORMAN FINED FOR SPEEDING Washington—The idea tha: street cars can speed with impuni ty because they run on "private rights-of-way” received a jolt from Traffic Judge John P. Mc Mahon. Assessing a $10 fine against Slater F. Elkins, motorman charged with driving 34 miles an hour, the judge declared speeding street cars encouraged traffic violations generally. FROWN ON SINGLE HOUSE Boston, Mass.—The Massachu setts House, In a H-minute session, accepted without debate an adverse committee report on Governor James M. Curley’s proposals for a unicameral Legislature holding bi ennial sessions. A constitutional amendment would have been nec essary. -* Here’s one thing ABOUT THE SECRET OF SUCCESS THAT EVERYBODY LEARNS, SOONER. OR. LATER, THAT IS,THAT IT IS STILL A SECRET.