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Carolina watchman. [volume] (Salisbury, N.C.) 1871-1937, March 20, 1936, Image 6

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News of Interest to all Farmers |

Schaub Gives Details
Of New Farm Program
Soil conservation grants of 15
or 20 million dollars prabably will
be paid North Carolina farmers this
year under the new farm program.
The exact amount, said Dean I.
O. Schaub, State College, will de
pend largely upon the number of
farmers entering the program and
the amount of land on which
grants are to be paid.
Although no contracts will be
signed, as under the old AAA,
farmers will be paid for devoting
part of their land to soil-building
or soil-conservation crops, he ex
The three major objectives of the
soil conservation and domestic al
lotment act are:
Conservation of the soil through
wise use of the land. This will
also check the overproduction of
soil-depleting cash crops.
Re-establishment and mainten
ance of farm income at a "fair
Protection of consumers by as
suring adequate supplies of food,
feed, and other farm commoditief
now and in the future.
With these objectives, said the
dean, the new program will have a
broader significance than the old
AAA, although it may not limit
cash crops as effectively as was
done before.
Farmers who qualify for pay
ments this year will be required to
have an acreage of soil-conserving
crops, or land devoted to some
other conservation practice, equal
to at least 20 per cent of the acres
in soil-depleting crops.
And he must not have an acre
age of depleting crops this year
greater than his base acreage for
these crops.
The bases and normal average
yield for cotton, tobacco, and pea
nuts will be the same as established
for 1936 under the old AAA.
Bases for other depleting crops
will be worked out on a fair and
equitable basis by the Secretary of
Agriculture, Dean Schaub said.
Cotton, tobacco, corn, wheat,
peanuts, truck, and the like are
classified as soil-depleting crops.
Soil-conserving crops include forest
trees, legumes, hays, and pasture
Part of the soil conservation
grant to each farm will be a mod
erate soil-maintenance payment,
probably 75 cents an acre, on land
planted to soil-building or con
serving crops.
Fields already in these crops, and
on which the crops are maintained
in 193 6, will qualify for these
payments as well as fields where
these crops are planted this year
for the first time in several years.
The other art of the grant will
be a diversion payment on land
shifted from depleting crops to soil
building or censerving crops.
A diversion payment of six cents
a pound on the average production
of land thus taken out of cotton
has been recommended.
The recommended tobacco pay
ment is at least five cents a pound,
but in no event less than the rate
per pound on cotton.
For peanuts, the recommended
'rate is 1 1-4 cents a pound, but in
no case less than 25 per cent of the
rate for cotton.
Diversion payments on other soil
depleting crops will be fixed later,
Dean Schaub stated.
The maximum amount of cot
ton land on which diversion pay
ments will be made for shifting to
soil-building or censerving crops is
40 per cent of the base acreage.
The maximum diversion on
which tobacco payents will be
made is 30 per cent of the base,
and the maximum for peanuts is 20
per cent of the base, the dean point
ed out.
No diversion payment will be
made on food and feed crops if the
farmer, in diverting land in these
crops to soil improvement, reduces
his food and feed production below
the amount needed on his farm.
Running The Farm
Is Family Affair
Running the family business
should be a cooperative enterprise,
said Miss Pauline Gordon,, exten
sion specialist in home manage
ment at State College.
A man is not protecting and pro
viding for his family in the best
way when he keeps all business
transactions and worries to himself,
she stated.
He needs the help of the family
circle and the members have a right
; to know something about his busi
iness. This is especially significant
in the case of a farm family.
Not only can the family help
the husband and father with his
problems, they can also plan their
own affairs more satisfactorily
when they are acquainted with the
family’s business.
The training young people get in
this way will be of great value to
them when they go our. into the
world, Miss Gordon added.
Discussions of the cost of shelt
er, food, clothing, education, trav
el, taxes, automobiles, and enter
tainment can be made a valuable
part of the children’s education.
Every family should study its
i income and so arrange its mode of
living not to exceed that income.
By working together, the farm
family can often develop projects
which will increase its income.
The family council, in which all
members pool their best judgment,
will lead to sounder decisions on va
rious problems and at the same time
help bind the family together in
love and respect.
If the family has no knowledge
or training in business transactions,
she asked, what would happen if
the husband should die?
Let me do my work from day to
In field or forest, at the desk or
In roaring market-place or tran
quil room; ;
Let me but find it in my heart to
t0 say,
When vagrant wishes beckon me
"This is my work; my blessing,
not my doom;
Of all who live, I am the one by
This work can best be done in the
right way.”
Then shall I see it not too great,
nor small,
To suit my spirit and to prove my
Then shall I cheerful greet the
laboring hours,
And cheerful turn, when the long
shadows fall
At eventide, to play and love and
Because I know for me my work
is best.
—Henry Van Dyke.
Hale and Hearty at 90 |
WORTHVILLE, Ky. . . . All
the discussion about “the most
severe winter we ever had’’,
rather amuses Dr. N. G. Perry
(above), who has just celebrated
his 90th birthday. Dr. Perry has
an overcoat which he bought some
forty years ago but has worn the
garment less than a half-dozen
times. Dr. Perry attributes his
good health to regular habits,
plenty of fresh air and exercise.
Farm Questions
Answered At
QUESTION: How can I keep my
cows from eating wild onions?
ANSWER: There is no way ex
cept to keep them off pasture.
However, the objectionable fla
vor and odor of onions can be
eliminated by taking the cows
of the pasture and given dry
feed for at least six hours before
milking. Be sure that no high
ly flavored feed, such as rye and
turnips are fed before milking
as these feeds will also impart an
objectionable flavor. With
these precautions the milk or
cream should be rid of the odor
and flavor of onions or other
feeds and rendered saleable.
QUESTION: What epuipment is
necessary when placing baby
chicks in the brooder?
ANSWER: Drinking fountains
and mash hoppers are the two
main essentials. For each 100
chicks two drinking fountains
of one-half gallon capacity and
one mash hopper five feet long
should be provided. When the
chicks are three weeks old two
mash hoppers five feet long, six
inches wide, and four inches high
are required. These hoppers
should be equipped with a reel
and kept filled at all times with
the growing mash.
QUESTION: Will sweet potatoes
that have been discolored or
brown centers produce good
ANSWER: Yes. This is what is
known as an internal break
down. The center cells become
discolored and cause the pota
toes to have a bitter, unwhole
some taste. However, the dis
ease is not caused by an organism
and therefore there is no germ
present that can be transmitted
to the plant and the potatoes will
produce good plants. Eearly
transplanting on light sandy soils
and the use of potash fertiliza
tion will, in some cases, correct
the trouble. Avoid the use of
fertilizers carrying excess nitro
Brief News'Items
A number of Franklin County
farmers will start definite crop ro
tation systems this season by first
combining several small fields into
larger ones.
A vigorous hog vaccination cam
paign has been conducted in Bertie
County to overcome outbreaks of
hog cholera.
On March 9, 1,443 farmers of 17
eastern Carolina counties had offi
cially joined the Farm Bureau
Federation; 4,169 others had been
enrolled but not reported officially
to the headquarters office at Green
ville and 17,207 men in 28 coun
ties were listed as possible members.
The Alamance County farm debt
adjustment committee has saved 20
farms from foreclosure since the
organization of the committee
about one year ago.
Eight 4-H clubs have been or
ganized in Caswell County with a
membership of 140 boys. Most of
the members will grow corn as their
club project.
O. FI. Barefoot of the Meadow
Township in Johnston County has
started a hog feeding demonstra
tion with 19 animals weighing 2,
252 pounds placed on feed.
More than 500 Cumberland
County farmers heard Congress
man J. Bayard Clark in an address
on the new soil conservation pro
gram at Fayetteville recently.
Yancey County farmers purch
ased cooperatively 5,000 pounds of
lespedeza seed for planting this
Union County farmers are pro
ducing more of their workstock at
home as indicated by several fine
colts to be found over the county
at this time.
How would it do as a step to
ward world peace to get all the na
tions to agree that the next war,
when and if it comes, would be
fought strictly on a cash basis. No
cash, no fight.
Good Seed Necessary
For High Corn Yield
The 2,489,000 acres of corn har
vested in North Carolina last year
exceeded the combined acreage of
cotton, tobacco, and the small
Corn is grown in every county
of the State and on 91 per cent of
the farms, said G. K. Middleton, in
charge of corn and small grain re
search for the N. C. Agricultural
Experiment Station.
Yet the average corn yield per
acre in the State is only 18 bushels,
he said. A good farmer should se
cure yields three times this amount.
In fact, he stated, yields of 95 to
100 bushels per acre have been pro
duced in this State.
Good seed of a variety well ad
apted to the soil and climatic con
ditions of the farm is one of the
most important factors in produc
ing a heavy yield.
i ne importance oi selecting a
well suited variety may be illus-]
trated by experiments conducted
at the coastal plain branch experi
ment station at Willard.
Latham’s Double corn has pro
duced a yield of 54.3 bushels per
acre for the past six years. On
similar fields at the experiment sta
tion, Reid’s Yellow Dent produced
only 37.2 bushels.
Some hybrid varieties have been
developed that produce heavy
yields, Dr. Middleton pointed out,
but other hybrids fail to produce
anything like as good a crop as the
standard varieties.
Consequently, he urged farmers
to stick to varieties known to be
good until the hybrids have been
definitely proven to be of value.
Information regarding the best
varieties for North Carolina may
be obtained from county farm
agents or the agricultural editor at
State College.
Don’t miss the FICTION SEC
TION of the Baltimore Sunday
American. In this new section you
will find the latest continued nov
els and short stories by popular
authors. Your newsdealer will re
serve your copy of the BALTI
MORE AMERICAN every week.
It is a pretty well balanced indi
vidual ,who doesn’t derive (some
benefit from an occasional set back
or financial reverse. Like most
medicine it isn’t pleasant to take.
Ceresan Dust Checks
Damping Off Disease
Two methods of controlling the
damping-off disease in cotton are
recommended by the State College
agricultutral extension service.
One is to treat the seed with
Ceresan dust and the other is to
keep the seed in storage for two
years before planting it, said Dr.
Luther Shaw, extension plant path
The disease is caused by a num
ber of organisms, some of which
live over the winter in the lint on
cotton seed, he said, but it seems
they cannot live on the seed, much
longer than one year.
Sometimes the organisms are in
the soil. When the land is infect
ed, Ceresan dust treatments give
the most effective control, he ex
plained, for enough dust will cling
to the lint to protect the seed and
young plants through the seedling
Weather conditions favorable to
damping off disease is more likely
to occur early in the season, Dr.
Shaw stated, and for this reason
cotton planted a little later than
usual will stand a better chance ot
avoiding disease.
Three ounces of two per cent
Ceresan dust will dust a bushel of
seed. It may be obtained from any
of the larger seed houses for about
75 cents a pound.
A discarded churn, a feed mixer,
a home-made barrel duster, or a
commercial treating machine may
be used as a container. Fill the
container half full of seed, put in
the right amount of dust, then
agitate it briskly for five or ten
Store the seed in a bag or bin
until ready for planting. If the
dust has been mixed thoroughly
with the seed, it will give a good
form of protection, Dr. Shaw ad
The difference between an artist
and an editor is, that if an artist
doesn’t feel like painting he doesn’t
paint, but an editor has to go ahead
and get out a paper whether he feels
like it or not.
WHEN you are suffering, you
want relief—not tomorrow—
not next week—but right away.
relieve in just a few minutes—
less than half the time required
for many other pain-relieving
medicines to act
Next time you have a Headache,
or Neuralgia, or Muscular, Sci
atic, Rheumatic, or Periodic
Pains, just take an Anti-Pain
Pill. Learn for yourself how
prompt and effective these little
pain relievers are. You will
never again want to use slower,
less effective, less palatable
medicines, after you have used
Dr. Miles Anti-Pain Pills.
I am much pleased with your
Anti-Pain Pills. They sure are
wonderful for a headache and
for functional pains. I have
tried every kind of pills for head
ache, but none satisfied me as
your Anti-Pain Pills have.
Ann Mikitko, St. Benedict Pa.
Anti-Pain Pills
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Hints To Gardeners
by Harold Coulter
Vegetable Expert
Ferry Seed Institute
Starting Seeds Indoors
GARDENERS usually obtain more
satisfactory results in growing 1
certain vegetables such as tomato,
cabbage, broccoli, egg plant and
pepper • if the plants are started
early indoors from seed. One ad
vantage is that seed of known
variety from a dependable source
can he used.
Should you prefer plants, how
ever, make certain they are from a
reliable source.
Tomatoes are oue of the most
satisfactory home garden items, and
one of the most popular of this
group. Seed can be obtained from a
nearby dealer and should be sown
about eight weeks before setting
plants in the open.
Sow the seeds not more than one
quarter inch deep in good loamy
6oil in a flat box which has quarter
inch holes in the bottom to permit
drainage. Water thoroughly hut not
too frequently, preferably on bright
Good sunlight and good air circu
lation prevent “damping off” which
is caused by an accumulation ot
moisture at the surface of the soil.
Keep the temperature fairly even
and warm—about 70 to 75 degrees.
When the young plants are about
one and one-half inches tall, they
should be transplanted to a large:
box or into a cold frame, accordin'
to the facilities available. If key
in a box, they should be “hardened
off”, placed in the open in the shade
six or eight mild days.
Young plants spaced about tbre*
inches apart each way will have
plenty of room to develop. In th
garden, plants should he space
about four feet apart each way fc
best results.
Tomatoes do best on loamy sui’
Sandy soils produce early crop ; |.
the picking season is rbort and tl
yield not so heavy. Heavier so’
pro Inco later but rrj ah.v. t v, t..
Cabbog.'. br - . -..y .;
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Get rid of constipation by taking
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Mrs. Bay Mullins, of Lafe, Ark.,
writes: “My husband and I both take
Thedford’s Black-Draught and find
it splendid for constipation, bilious
ness, and the disagreeable, aching,
tired feeling that comes from this
condition.” With reference to Syrup
of Black-Draught, which this mother
gives her children, she says: “They
like the taste and it gave such good
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