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Published Every Friday Morning By The Carolina Watchman Pub. Co. SALISBURY, NORTH CAROLINA E. W. G. Huffman_President SUBSCRIPTION RATES: Payable In Advance One Year_$1-00 6 Months Entered as second-class mad matter at the postoffice at Sal isbury, N. C., under the act of March 3, 187*. The influence of weekly news papers on public opinion exceeds that of all other publications in the country.—Arthur Brisbane. t POPULATION DATA * (1930 Censift) Salisbury -16,911 Spencer -3,128 E. Spencer- 2,098 China Grcve-1,25 8 landic _1,388 Rockwell- 696 Granite Quarry- 307 Cleveland_ 43 3 FaitH - 431 Gold Hill_ 13.6 (Population Rowan Co. 36,6(3) FRIDAY, JUNE 12, 1936 SUDAN GRASS AND MILLET YIELD SUMMER HAY CROPS Thousands of North Carolina farmers face a serious shortage <of grazing and early hay crops this summer as a result of the hot, dry weather this year. However, if the drouth is broken any time soon the situation can be remedied by planting rapid growing hay crops, said P. H. Kime, plant breeding agronomist at the' N. C. Agricultural Experiment Station. Sudan grass and millet grow rap idly and are usually ready to cut in 45 to 60 days after planting. They give good yields of palatable hay, and will grow on a wide range of soil types, Kime pointed out. Si dan grass, best adapted to loam or sandy loam soils, should be seed ed at the rate of 25 to 40 pounds per acre, drilled in or broadcast, and covered to a depth of one-half to lone inch. The amount of seed to use depends upon the fertility of the soil. When the seed heads begin to show, the grass is ready to cut. The hay will be tender, leafy, and nutritious, and will cure easily. German millet, or Golden mil let, gives larger yields than the other barieties, but the hay is rath er course. It requires a fertile soil and plenty *>f moister. Commos millet is more hardy than German millet, although it produces a smaller growth. It makes a better quality hay, and is more suitable for thin, dry soils. Millet should be seeded like Su dan grass. When the heads are about one-fourth out K>f the 'boots,’ about 50 to 60 days after plant ing, it is ready for cutting. Un less mixed with other hay, millet should not be fed continuously to work animals. EROSION CONTROL MEASures INVITE VALUABLE BIRDS The value of the robin and blue bird as the farmer’s friend has been proven by experimentation shew ing these birds more than earn the few fruits they steal from the far mer’s orchard, according to S. Z. Pollock, junior biologist of the Soil Conservation Service. Experiments conducted by the U. S. Bureau of Biological Survey, Using 1236 stomachs of robins show that 42 percent of the robin’s food is animal matter; 16 percent bettles 5 percent grasshoppers; 9 percent caterpillars, and 11 percent various insects. In the experiment using 244 sfjomachs of bluebirds it was found that the contents were 58.51 per cent animal matter and 41.49 per cent vegetable, demonstrating that the bluebbird is of economic as well as aesthetic value, said Pol lock. Where wild food is not abundant, a few fruit-bearing shrubs and vines planted in favorable locations will serve the triple-purpose iof control ling erosion, providing ornamenta tion, and furnishing food and cov er for the robin and other valuable birds fond of purloining the fruit of the cherry, wildgrape, green briar, holly, elder, dogwood, service berries, and persimmons. NEW FARM BROADCAST NOW HEARD OVER WBT A new series of fram radio pro grams, sponsored jointly by the j State College Extension Service and j the Soil Conservation Service, is now being heard over the Colum bia Broadcasting System’s 50,000 watt station WBT in Charlotte three times a week. Each Tuesday, Wednesday, and Thursday at 12:15 p. m. these bit>adcasts of timely farm and home information are aired. For the most part, uounty and home agents of the Extension Service and specia lists of the Soil Conservation Ser vice are heard in discussions of sea sonable interest to the farm people of North Carolina. Forney Rankin, of the SCS, is spokesman for the two agricultur al agencies and in addition to ar ranging for speakess, he presents several news items of general inter est on each broadcast. The farm agent of Mecklenburg County, Oicar H. Phillips, and the home agent. Mrs. Pauline W. Tay lor, are heard once each week. Other county and home agents will be brought in to appear on the pro gram from time to time. Already reports received indicate that the new program is gaining wide favbr with the farm people of this State. Many inquiries are re ceived after each broadcast. Both WBT officials and representatives of the two agricultural agencies are pleased with the response received. The new program is not the same as the Carolina Farm Features broadcast, a presentation of the Extension Service at State College, and heard over six stations each week day. BOYS AND GIRLS LIKE TO HAVE DEFINITE PROJECTS The farm boy or girl who has definite projects to look after will gain a great deal of valuable ex perience, take a greater interest in farm life, and develop finer traits of character, said Dr. R. Y. Win ters, director of the N. C. Agricul tural Experiment Station. Now that schools and colleges have closed and thousands of boys and girls are on the farm for the summer, he continued, the assign ment of projects to these young people will help solve a difficult problem. "We sometimes lose sight of the opportunities afforded on the farm for training young people and de veloping in them a sense of respon sibility,” Dr. Winters stated. "Often parents do hot have enaugh patience to train their children as they should. The chil dren, in turn, lose interest in the farm and home, often preferring to work elsewhere, even though the jobs are hard and the pay small. "But this summer the possibilities for outside employment are not so good, and the parents have an ex cellent opportunity to give their children tasks to do, or projects to carry out, that will make them feel that they are accomplishing something worth while.” Projects in boys and girls 4-H club work provide a good medium for training young people and keep ing their enthusiasm alive, Dr. Winters continued. The older the boy X>r girl, the greater the responsibility he is capable of assuming. If the inter est of older children is to be held, they must be given duties worthy of their ability, Dr. Winters said. They like to study and make plans, to feel that they are on their own. County farm and home agents and vocational teachers will be glad to advise parents about pro jects for young people, he added. TIME FOR WORK SHEET SIGN-UP IS EXTENDED An extension of time has been granted North Carolina farmers for filling out and signing work sheets under the new farm program. Over most of the State, said Dean I. O. Schaub, of State Col lege, the time limit for field work ers to sign up farmers expired May 31, but farmers will be allowed to sign work sheets in their county agent’s office during the first weeks in June. In the mountain counties, both agents and field workers will con tinue the sign - up campaign thru June 20. Certain misunderstandings re garding the new program have tended to handicap the sign-up, the dean explained, with the result that it was not completed on schedule. The work sheets do not obligate farmers in any way, Dean Schaub emphasized. They do not compel farmers to comply with the pro gram, but they must be signed by Timely Questions My cows are eating a weed which imparts a bitter flavor to the milk. Is there any way of overcoming this flavor? A. It is evident that the cows are consuming bitter weed which is very prevalent in eastern North Carolina pastures. This weed im parts a distinctly bitter flaVor to milk—one which is very objection able and which cannot be removed by processing. The best remedy for this trouble is to remove the weed from the pasture either by pulling or digging it up. By tak ing the cow off the pasture at least six or seven hours before milking time and give her some dry feed may help in eliminating this trou ble, but it will not entirely over come the flavor. Q. What causes limberneck in fowls? A. Botulism, or limberneck as it is commonly called, is caused by all who wish to secure soil-lonserv ing or soil-building rayments. The severe drouth this spring has undoubtedly hurt crops in N|orth Carolina, he pointed out, and most farmers will find these payments a helpful form of crop incurance. When a farmer carries out the practices for which pay ments are offered, he will receive his payments regardless of the ef fect of dry weather on his crops. The work sheets will be used in checking each grower’s compliance with the pijogram to determine the amount of his payments. The work of checking compliance will start soon, the dean said, and farmers who have not signed work sheets by that time will not be eligible for payments. So far, 100,000 or n^ore work sheets have been signed in North Carolina. A total sign-up of 15 0, 000 is expected. Some counties have already signed up more than 90 per cent of their acreage. 1 the bird eating decayed animal or vegetable matter which contains a powerful nerve poison. Treatment no valuer Epson salts given in the of the visibly affected birds is of drinking water at the rate of one pound to three gallons of water aids in flushing out the digestive tract. When botulism is suspect ed, the poultryman should make a careful search for the decaying vegetable or animal matter. In the meantime, the flock should be confined until the source of trou ble is found and removed or until it has a chance to decay cbmpletely Q. How soon should one start to get animals ready for fairs this fall? A. Farmers who plan to enter inimals in fairs this fall should be >in preparations eight to ten weeks aefore the animals are tfo go in the how ring. Dairy cattle should be n good flesh, but not too fat or :oo lean. Clip the hair about eight veeks before fair time, then wash ind keep the animal blanketed constantly. Begin polishing the 10ms several days before the exhi jition date with pumice with sweet >il. It is also important to teach :he animal to stand and walk pro aerly. _Ady Took Cardui When Weak, Nervous “I can’t say enough for Cardui If : talked all day” enthusiastically irrltes Mrs. L. H. Cald well, of Statesville, N. C. *1 have used Cardui at ntervala for twenty-five rears,” she adds. “My rouble In the beginning was weakness and ner vousness. I read of Gar lul In a newspaper and lecided right then to try It. It seemed jefore I had taken half a bottle of 3ardul I was stronger and was soon ip and around.” Thousands of woman testify Cardui bene fited them. If It does not benefit TOO, sonsult a physician. ■huhmhhvihm I THIS is the season of the year when all mem bers of the family relish a distinctly change of foods j and jaded tastes respond tlo lighter menus in salads and fresh vegetables and fruits. You will always j find all of the NEW -SEASON foods at our market. CALL 883 | Become One of Our Satisfied Custom* ers Today***We Deliver E.L.RUFTY 604 North Main Street-Phone 883 Brief News Items As farmers become familiar with the new conservation program they are glad to sign work sheets and cooperate fully, says T. J. W. Broom, Union County farm agent. Madison County farmers say that soybeans planted in rows will pro duce more hay and beans per acre than when broadcast. Aboue 100 farmers from Row an and adjoining counties met on the farm of C. L. Neel last week to study small grain variety tests. The Barr Farm near Terra Ceia in Beaufort County owns 20 Angus ccw'- from which he secured 100 per cent of a calf crop this season. The Edgecombe Livestock Asso ciation shipped a car of 106 lambs z> Jersey City v'he.e top prices vere secured. Terraces have added $600 to the value of the old Strickland Farm near Webbs Mill in Nash County. Eight farmers in Craven County are conducting farm management demfonstrations in which they are using legumes, raising more feed and practicing a balanced farming system. 'Eastern Carolina farmers general ly are rushing to fill our work sheets since the continued drougth has seriously hurt all crops. Cleveland Route 2 Cleveland-Scotch Irish Grange held its regular bi-monthly meeting Tuesday night with a very good at tendance for this time of the year. iMr. and Mrs. C. E. Steele and Miss Lucille Merrell of Statesville visited Mr. and Mrs. N. S. Steele Sunday. Mr. and Mrs. Hoytt Hill and son Dandy of Washington, D. C. with Mrs. Hill’s mother, Mrs. Mary Wal lace over the week-end. Mr. and Mrs. George Niblock have returned from Washington, D. C. where they visited Mr. Niblock’i sister, Mrs. Madge Wilson, who is sick. Mrs. Carrie Fink, little Miss Pat sy McCurdy and brother A. B. Mc Curdy if Statesville and Mr. and Mrs. H. A. Guffy visited at P. A. Johnstons Sunday. Little Miss Betsy Lou Steele spent last week in Statesville with Mr. and Mrs. C- E. Steele. Mrs. Jennie Campbell is visiting her daughter, Mrs. W. F. McDaniel at Needmore, N. C. Miss Helen Page a senior front N. C. C. W., Greensbore and s class mate, Miss King from Florida are visiting Mr and Mrs. Rolpl I DR. N. C. LITTLE Optometrist Eyes examined and glasses fitted Telephone 1J71-W. 10754 S. Main Street Next to Ketchie Barber Shop Page. Mrs. Jfehn Moore and children, of Seattle, Wash, are visiting rela tives here. Mrs. H. W. Cartner who suf fered a stroke of Paralysis several weeks ago is not very much impro ved, we are sorry to write. Miss Sadie Wilhelm left Wed nesday for the A. S. T. C., Boone ■where she will attend Summer School. i i STAR LAUNDRY "The Good One" Launderers and Dry Cleaner* Phone 24 114 West Bank St. ONE DAY SERVICE IFOR BETTER RADIATOR SERVICE SEE USI We clean flush and repair all makes of radia tors. We have receiv ed a shipment of new radiators Sc our prices are ! right. We sell or trade Call to see us before you buy. EAST SPENCER MOTOR CO. I Phone 1198-J N. Long St. EAST SPENCER EFIRD’S JUNE SALE Goes Into Second Week HOSIERY SALE! i ? } Greater values throughout the store, with special at tention called to the un equalled bargains in our Hosiery Department. SENIOR CLASS, NEBEL AND HUDSON CHIFFON AND SEMI-SERVICE HOSIERY. FULL LENGTH AND ROULETTES. NEW SHADES 68c i FULL FASHIONED SILK HOSIERY IN CHIFFON, i GOOD SELECTION OF SHADES: BURNT COPPER MISTY, TOASTY AND PAGO_ 2 for $1.00 Full fashioned high twist silk, ringless hose, rein forced reels. Choice of best summer shades. 74c Full fashioned silk hose in service weight and chiffon. Good range of sizes and shades. 48c Kayser Mir-o-Kleer 2-thread silk chiffon, free of rings and shadows. Newest shades; $1.25 quality. $1.00 Kayser Rolettes, Kayser Mesh and Gotham Gold stripe adjustables” in lovely quality, newest shades. Anklets One special table ladies’ and children’s rayon and mercerized cotton anklettes, white and pastel colors. 10c 88c Special table children’s anklettes in solid colors and fancy stripes. Regular 18 and 22c values. Sale price. ISc Efird’s Dept. Store Salisbury, N. C.