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( The World’s Oldest and Largest Trade Fair Typlcai street scene during the Fair. Above— Aerial view of Technical Division. At left— Home of the Leipzig Fair Executive Office for 400 years. ALL the world loves a fair. Busi ness and pleasure have been combined in these periodic gather ings tor thousands of years. The county fairs of America are the dis tant cousins of the festival fairs of ancient Greece and Rome. The business executives of bar baric tribes In the dawn of history found that customers could be at tracted to their primitive fairs with their rude merrymaking. Every na tion In history has held Its fairs with a shrewd eye on the main business chance. Early in the middle ages the pic turesque caravans paused at the center of Europe for mutual protec tion and exchange of goods. From this crude trading center has grown the great city of Leipzig and the oldest and largest goods exchange in the world. The Leipzig Fair has been held without Interruption for more than 700 years. More languages are doubtless spoken at the Leipzig Fair than were heard at the Tower of Babel, but without any confusion of tongues. From seventy-four countries In every corner of the world. Includ ing the United States, business men are regularly attracted to Leipzig. The primitive trading center has be come a great world market where 8000 exhibits of every conceivable product are displayed and more than a quarter of a million business men assemble. The 1976th session of the Leipzig Fair to be held from August 30th to September 3rd will be the largest and busiest In Its long history. p- 1 1 ■ 1 ■■■■■■ 1 ■ 1 1 ■ 1 ■■■" I I Frozen Coffee Cubes Insure Full I Refreshing Flavor in Iced-Coffee! ' Prevent* Diluting of Flavor. Many Houaewlve* Keep Tray of Coffee - i>s*. Cube* in Refrigerator During Summer Month*. HAVE you ever used frozen cof fee In place of the usual ice cubes or chipped ice, when serving Iced-coffee? It is one way to pre vent loss of the full refreshing flavor in this popular summer bev erage which might otherwise happen because of the ice diluting the drink. Frozen coffee cubes not only add a decorative touch to your coffee service but will cause your family or guests to enjoy this universal drink more than ever before. - Many housewives list iced-coffee as one of their favorite summer bev erages because of its ease of prep aration, the fact that it goes well with any meal and can be made from staple supplies which are al ways on hand in every (cltchen. Iced-coffee makes an excellent sum mer drink especially because of its Invigorating qualities. In preparing iced-coffee, make It In the same manner as you would the coffee for every meal, using the usual proportions of coffee and water. Be sure the coffee you use Is fresh, in order to obtain the fin est flavor. Vacuum packed coffee in resealable glass jars is a sure way to insure freshness of coffee. 7'he beverage should be placed in a re frigerator and allowed to chill. Fill one or two ice trays with coffee and allow them to freeze.. When serving iced-coffee, pour it into tall glasses and add several frozen coffee cubes to each glass. If coffee ice cubes are not used, prepare the coffee double strength, and while still hot pour over crushed ice to cool. Sugar syrup and cream should be served as accompaniments to this beverage. A tip for house' wives to remember in preparing cooling drinks is to prepare a sim pie sugar syrup for use in sweeten ing the drink. It reduces the amounl of sugar needed because it mixes thoroughly with the beverage and does not settle at the bottom of th« glass as is • often the case whei sugar is used. EARLY MOLTING HENS CUT EGG PRODUCTION Early molting hens, which begin to difop their feathers in the month of June, are not worth keeping in good poultry flocks. These birds, said R*oy S. Dear styne, head of the poultry depart ment at State College, stop laying when they begin to molt, but they go right on eating feed and run ning up expenses. They do not lay as many eggs as late mftlters, he continued, and the eggs they do lay are produced at a time when eggs are plentiful and prices are low. Since early molting is an inheri-l ] table characteristic, they will pass j this trail on to their offspring if left in the flock and used for breed ing purposes, Dearstyne warned. In hot weather, he added, it is especially important that only in fertile eggs be produced for home consumption or marketing, as they have a much greater keeping quali ty than fertile eggs. Except in the breeding season, roosters, these with the ability to transmit good qualities to their off spring, should be kept ffcr breeding. If eggs are collected several times a day during the summer, and stored immediately in a cool place, they will keep much better. Wire baskets which permit air to circu late freely among the aggs are ideal for the storage room, Dearstyne stated. But even under ideal conditions, eggs slibuld not be kept in storage any longer than necessary. A poul tryman who gets a reputation of marketing only fresh eggs can com mand good prices. Lice and mites propagate rapidly in hot weather. Infested birds too Lose their vigor and fall off in egg production. Dearstyne urged poul trymen to examine their birds every few days, so they can check infes tation as soon as they start. HOME SHOULD BE WIRED ONLY BY COMPETENT MEN Adesuate, safe, and convenient wiring of the farm home is con sidered one of the most important aspects of the rural electrification program. To be sure that the wiring is done properly, said Miss Pauline Gordon, extension specialist in home | management at State College, em ploy only contractors known to be . reliable and competent. The contractor is responsible for doing the job so that the wiring will be adequate and safe, but the home owner should determine where , switches, lights, convenient out 1 lets, and branch circuits are to be I located. , Miss Gordon suggested that home > owners draw floor plans of their houses and locate switches, outlets, [iand lights where they will be most ^convenient. Then go Over this 1! plan with the contractor. II If the cost of wiring according 1 to this plan is too high, the con tractor will assist the home owner . in making adjustments. Above all else, she warned, do not try to econemzie by using wire too small to carry the load that will be imposed upon it. In planning the wiring circuits, lights, and take into consideration the uses to which electricity will be put in each room. If radio for example, is to be operated in the I I Farm Questions I Answered At STATE COLLEGE Q. Is it economical to carry pullets to the hen year for produc tion purposes only? A..This question naturally re verts back to the breeding of the birds. Heavy producing pullets of good breeding can be carried over, but all except the known heavy producers should be replaced by pullets. As a usual thing, hen year production is about 25 per cent less than that of the pullet year and the bird must also be fed thru a three months moulting period which makes it unprofitable to carry any but the heavy egg pro ducers tb the hen year. Q. When should I begin feed ing grain to my young calves? Answer: Small amounts of both grain and hay should be offered the calf at about two weeks of age or when the change fHom whole milk to skim-milk is made. Only a small handful is given daily, but this amount can be gradually in creased as the calf grows older un til it is receiving around three pounds a day at six months of age. Feed only as much as the calf will clean up. The grain should be fed just after the milk and while the calf is still fastened to the stanch ion. living room, provide a convenient outlet in the wall close to the place where the radio will be located. Plenty of convenience Outlets should be placed in the walls of the dining room, living room, and kit chen. A double convenience out i let placed in each wall of the bed j rooms will be a big help. |—READ THE WATCHMAN NIGHT PROWLING CAT IS DESTROYER OF WILDLIFE Though the cat is more or less useful in destraying mice and other rodents, S. Z. Pollock, wold life specialist of the Soil Conser vation Service in Lexington, says that he is probably the greatest enemy of tame song bird. Cats have a habit of just ready to hatch. T in capturing y«ung song birds in their nests, often just when they are ready to take flight. Cats eat young rabbits and quail, and when they have consumed their fill, they kill for the fun of it. The practice of allowing cats freedom at night and early morn ing enables them to hunt at the time when thy can be most des tructive, says Pollock. Some peo ple have the habit, he continues, of taking unwanted cats into the country in sacks and dumping them, a practice which has a vicious eiiect upon wuaiiie, as such cats are in most cases compell ed to obtain their livelihood by killing valuable game and insect eating birds. All this has a definite relation ship to soil erosion control, says Mr. Pollock. The wildlife division of the Service is concerned primari ly with planting various shrubs plants and vines that serve a three fold purpose «f controlling erosion supplying food and cover for wild game, and beautifying the land scape. The wildlife, in turn, provides its economic value as destroyers of insects and other pests, as well as enhancing the aesthetic aspects of farm life. Therefore, Mr. Pollock reasons, if the cat is allowed to des troy valuable wildlife, he is an ene my to erosion control • Patronize Watchman Adver tisers. N. C. FARMS NEED MORE FEED, CATTLE, POULTRY North Carolina farmers who have studied agricultural con ditibns in the state believe they should producve more poultry, live stock, and feed, tobacco, and other cash .crops. Such a shift in production is need ed to balance farming to meet loc al requirements and at the same time provide adjustments necessary from a national standpoint, the farmers decided. Farmers who made the study were committeemen avpointed in almost every county of the state in con nection with the county program planning movement started last December by the state oolege agri cultural extension service. The $,919 committemen and assistants surveyed local conditions discussed the situation with more than 50,000 other farmers, and made recommendations regarding improvements needed in this state. A tabulation of aff their recom mendations, as made by Julian Mann , who is in charge of extern sion studies at State College, brought out the following points, among other things: The cottfon crop should be cut 3 5 per cent below the average acre age for the 1928-1032 period. Al low for better farming practices, production would be cut only 9 per cent. The corn crop should be cut slightly, but production increased from 41, 606,000 to 60,890,00 bushels by securing high yields. Small winter grains should be in creased from 807,000 to 1,153,000 acres. Hay crops should be increas ed from 1,009,000 to 1,328,000 acres. With the yield per acre being doubleed. Cattle should be increased from 684,0000 to 926,000 bead, swine from 94^,000 to i,466,00 head, sheep from 77,000 to 134,00 head, to 82,039,000 dozen horses and mules from 326,000 to 434,000 head. Eight demonstrations in treating cotton seed with Ceresan before planting, in Cumberland County, showed considerable advantage by using the material. Few of the plants died where the seed had been treated. BETTER DODGE AND PLYMOUTH PLACE ’3 5 Hodge Sedan ’35 Dodge Coach ’3 5 Plymouth Coach ’3 5 Plymouth G6upe ’34 Plymouth Coach ’3 3 Dodge Sedan ’33 Dodge Coupe ’32 Dodge Sedan ’31 Chevrolet Sedan ’31 Ford Coach Lots of cheap cars from $25 to $100. USED TRUCKS ’34 Hodge Pickup ’34 Dodge 11-2 ton Truck ’34 Chevrolet 1 1-2 ton Truck ’31 Ford 1 1-2 ton Truck McCANLESS MOTOR COMPANY /■— - ■■■■ ■ - ■■■■ ___ Let Your PRINTING Typify Your Business 11 What Do You Need? Envelopes Statements Letterheads Personal Stationery Circulars Ruled Forms Window Cards Invitations Programs Booklets Stickers Office Forms • Distinctive printing serves as an in dex to the type and quality of bus iness you operate. For the past cen tury The Watchman Printshop has typified its job work with distinctive ness and it is our policy to have the proper equipment to handle your work in an efficient manner which re sults in a most moderate cost to you. In the furtherance of our service to you we have recently acquired some new j and modern type faces and equip ment. When ordering printing from i our plant you may depend that the work will be done to your complete f satisfaction. Phone 133 and have our representative . see you about your next printing order Watchman Printshop Printers Since 1832 119 E. Fisher St. Salisbury, N. C. Phone 133