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The Carolina Watchman
_A NEWSPAPER DEVOTED TO THE UPBUILDING OF ROWAN COUNTY _ ' FOUNDED 1$32—I0STH YEAR_SALISBURY, N. C„ FRIDAY MORNING, .SEPTEMBER 11, 1936 VOL. 104 NO. 7 ^ 7 2 CENTS ROOSEVELT VISITS SALIS 6-Year Survey Report Given Levies Whittled, Dwon From Average of 58 Cents in 1929 to 37 In 1936. Washington.—A drop of 3 6 per cent in farm real estate taxes from 1929 through 1935 was reported by the Agriculture department this week. A tax study, limited to farm land taxed by States, counties, school boards and other local units, disclosed that the levies had been whittled down from an average of 58 cents an acre in 1929 to 37 cents last year. Nevertheless, the study showed that the 1935 taxes were still about three times above the 1900 aver age of 12 cents an acre, and more than 50 per cent above the 1914 average of 24 cents. A "sharp rise in taxes froni 1900 to 1929” was said to have been caused by “rapid expansion in local and State services,” with road building and education chiefly re sponsible. The',depression, the study said, has “reversed the farm taxation t^pnd,” with public services either curtailed or thrir'emM ^shifted to < t% Spte and Federal government, i fbvjiag this shift, the repftf 4 ers* salaries cut and wSrol^cotlfses ! eliminated. Road, building 4nd public works construction w*sc said to have been expanded, the ! cost bang shifted frotn farm real , estate to State and Federal govern ments with payment "from sources ; other than property.” The study showed the average acre tax varied widely in different regions and states. In 1934 the tax was $ cents an acre in New Mexico and $2.21 in Massachusetts. Comparson of principal regions for 193$, and 1929, follows: 193$ 1929 New England-$0.94 $1.01 Middle Atlantic_ 1.01 1.21 East North Central— 0.6$ 1.27 West North Central _ 0.40 0.61 South Atlantic- 0.29 0.48 East South Central _ 0.34 0.4$ West South Central _ 0.20 0.29 Mountain- 0.1$ 0.20 Pacific _ 0.49 0.8$ Ministers Of Salisbury Oppose Local Gin Option / A resolution opposing local op tion of liquor without a State wide referendum was adopted at the first fall meeting of the Salis bury Ministerial association at the First Methodist church Monday. Cale Burgess, head of the dry forces in the State, is to be sent copies of the resolution, it was de cided. The ministers also decided to preach on peace and armistice Sun day, November 8, and to arrange for a mass meeting, with an out standing speaker, on that date. Catawba Will Use Freshmen When the 1936 Catawba college eleven takes the field here Septem ber 19 against Western Carolina, it’s a sure bet that at least three freshmen will be in the starting lineup. The newcomers have been hus tling since the opening day of prac tice, and quite a number of these lew recruits will see action this rear. The ' Coach Gordon can | i on, choo! lead boss of the has a succes sor to Hayden will be ineligible to play th . Both >f these new ends obably get the starting call in the opening game. Johnny Newman, a hard charg ing linesman who captained the Waynesboro, Pa., high eleven last fe«r, likely will be the third fresh man, tq start the game. Newman who weighs 180 pounds, fits right in the Ini&uu’ forewall. [N TROUBLE Bob—Well, Joe your sister has promised to become my wife. Joe—I knew something would happen to you if you kept coming sround every night. Slight Damage Results From Local Storm A severe electrical and rain stom hit this city about 5 o’clock Wed nesday doing some damage. Lightning struck a tree adjoin ing the home of M. R. Brockman of West Marsh street, ran in on ai aerial and ignited curtains on ; lower floor. The fire departmen extinguished the flames, with smal loss resulting. Nell Kennett Is Named Rowan Home Agent Nell Kennett of Guilford count] who has been home economic: teacher in the Pleasant Garden higl school has been named home dem onstraton agent of Rowan count] to succeed Mrs. Mary Cummings resigned. Her appointment wa: made jointly by the County Com misTsionefs and the State Extensiot service. _ * -i»r* Raleigh.—M. G. Mann, genera manager, announced the Nortl Carolina Cotton Growers Co-oper ative association would distribute checks for $250,000 to farmers oi the State during the next 30 days The checks, Mann said, repre sent settlement on cotton handlec by the association for its member and payment in full of all member ship reserves accumulated sinc< 1926. "The directors, in ordering al membership reserves paid in full established a record that has nevei betn excelled and seldom, if ever equalled by any co-operative mar keting association,” Mann said. More than. 12,000 members an being sent forms to fill out anc return to facilitate the payment oi the reserves. ” SPOKE HERE THURSDAY NIGHT Tourists Business Is Best Since 1929 mates of the amount spent i anything reported in the last i years. On the eve of Labor Day specs • were set for the last busy week end of the summer. From Maine to California, from Florida to Lake Michigan, cham bers of Commerce welcomed the throng and marked up seasonal business jumps which ranged from 10 to 68 per cent above last sum mer. The outpouring of play, seekers’ cash—far . ov«r LWOyHK*-* rolfed into Atlantic ocean liners and the desert lands of the South west, as well as into smart hotels.. An increase of 20,000 passengers on North Atlantic boats over last year’s traffic was reported by U. S. Secretary of Commerce Roper. And in the Indian country around Gal ceremonial 1929. Miami Beach, Fla., announ ced a 54 per cent'increase over last year. Last summer’s attendance was doubled at New Mexico’s Carlsbad caverns. National parks broke visiting records in most cases. Yellowstone topped the list, with 321,791 per sons, and the Grand Canyon of the Colorado was next with 225,866. Slacier, Rocky Mountain, Rainier; yosemite, Sequora, and Mtsa Verde tU ’reported increases for the West. Dnly Wind Cave, S. D., showed a Irop. Great Smoky mountain park in rennessee and Mammoth Cave park n Kentucky held up their end of the record in the East. The old South, as represented by (Continued on page five) Presented To Hup Audience By Houghton « »i . . . _ Approximately len Thousand Give Presi dent Wild And Hearty Welcome On Arrival. MR. DOUGHTON WITH PRESIDENT President Franklin Delano Roose velt was a warmly welcomed visitor to Salisbury last night. Approximately ten thousand persons were on hand to greec the President when his special train roll ed into the Union Station last night at 8:10. The immense throng gave Mr. Roosevelt a tumultuous and hearty welcome. Mr. Roosevelt appeared on the rear platform with his youngest son. John. anH was nresented to the audience by Congressman R. L. Doughton, of this District, and chairman of the Ways and Means Committee. Mr. Doufjhton board ed the train in Charlotte with the President and accompanied him to Washington. The President spoke a few words of appreciation and stated that he had enjoyed his trip to North Caro lina and that he hoped he could re turn in the near future and soend more time in the state. The Presi dent wa$. en route to Washington from Charlotte where he had at states. He spoke to a crowd of 40,000 persons in Charlotte late yesterday afternoon. His flashing smile and famous hand wave completely captivated ^.1__—_I ^-— Ua oVAn ped out on the rear platform of the special presidential train at 8:10 until his train left at 8:22, and his smile and outstretched hand could be seen until the train was out of sight. Mr. Roosevelt’s stopover was ar ranged by W- D. Kizziah, register of deeds of this county, and Walter H. Woodson, Jr., chairman of the Rowan County Democratic Execu tive Committte, through the office of Congressman R. L. Doughton. For over an hour before the train was scheduled to arrive, the crowd began to assemble at the Southern Passenger Station. Shortly before it arrived, rain fell and continued drizzling during the President’s stay. Every downtown street was jammed with'cars. The open space around Union Station, as well as the several rail road tracts were packed with eager people. The flag escort and drum corps of the Samuel C. Hart Post of the American Eegion assembled at their ko'i^/isi'irtprc on A marrllP^ fn tllfl Union Station, a few minutes prior to the arrival of the train, followed by a .great throng of enthusiastic citizens. When the train pulled into the station, the flag escort stationed, themselves immediately at the rear of the platform where the President stood. ARMY TO TRAIN PHILIP PINE CO-EDS Manila, P. I.—Co-eds at the University of the Phillipines will be given special training under the national defense program if plans of officials of the school are car ried out. The commonwealth department of militiary science is drafting plans to train the girls who will specialize in Red Cross and relief work. WET COUNTIES—WET DRIVERS Raleigh.—Figures tending to show a greater percentage of drunk en driving in the IS counties of North Carolina where the sale of spirits is permitted than in the State as a whole were released by the State Motor Vehicle division. Regardless of who is elected Pre sident on Nov. 3, and whether the House of Representatives in the new Congress has a Repubiicn oi a Democratic majority, some high ly important decisions will have to be made by the new Administration and Confess at the very beginning of things. ... Several of the most widely-dis cussed laws enacted by the 73rd and 74th Congresses will expire by limitation early in 1937. The new 75 th Congress will take office at noon on January 3. President Roosevelt’s term, whether he is re elected or not, will not expire until noon on January 20th. There will he a period of 17 days in whch, even if Mr. Landon should be elect ed President, with a Republican House of Representatives, Congress will be in session but Mr. Roosevelt will still be President. CONGRESS MUST ACT Either in that period or in the ten days following the inaugura tion, the Congress will have to de cide whether or not it will with draw the authority which the 73 rd Congress granted to the President in May, 1933, to devalue the dollar; for that authority expres by limi taton on January 30th next. Under this authority, the President by proclamtion, reduces the gold con tent of-the dollar by a shade over 40 percent; unijer the law he could have reduced it as much as one half, Since early 1933,.therefore, all of fka r^VD-AffimAnf’c fininridl operations and, naturally, all bank ing r ita'd - business transactions and calculations, have been in terms of a lowfir value dollar. Whatever Congress might do, either in the extending or withdrawing the authority of the President to lower the gold value of the dollar still further, or to in crease it, would in itself have little effect. The dollars themselves is* sued under Presidential proclama tion would still be dollars, and obli-i ga cions incurred in terms of such dollars would call for payment in whatg^er values might be called dollars. There is a likelihood if the Repub licans should be victorious in No vember, that the new Congress would vote promptly to withdraw this and other powers which its pre decessors granted to the Executive, as a matter of party principle, without necessarily in any way nul lifying any of the acts which the President has performed under them. SILVER AND PAPER MONEY la £jhe same Act which -authoriz .. ed the devaluation of the gold dol lar—the, Thomas Atftittdment to the Agricultural Adjustment Act —the President was also authoriz ed to resume the free and unlimit ed coinage of silver dollars and to fix the relative value of such silver coinage and the gold dollar in his sole discretion. The President was also authoriz ed to issue up to three thousand million dollars of paper money based on government credit with out any metallic reserve behind it. He has not exercised that power of currency inflation, and has not done nearly as much to rehabili tate silver as the ardent silverietes wished. These monetary matters are, in many aspects, highly controversial stuff, and the new Congress might easily get into a jam over the ques tion of whether it should proceed to fix the value of the coinage, or continue to leave it to the Presi dent, or do nothing about it—in which case the present Presilential authority over these things would expire by time limitation, and Congress could leave the money situation as is tor later consider ation and turn to other matters TAX REVISION DUE There are several excise taxes now on the statute books, yielding about $300,000,000 a year in rev enue, which run only to June 3 0, 1937. What will the new Con gress do about renewing them or replacing them with some other kind of taxes to produce new reve nue? Any consideration of the tax question might open the door to a general overhauling of the whek system pf Federal taxation. And here lies an opportunity for lead ership to the one willing and able to seize it, in the necessitty foi planning and putting into effect ('Continued on page five) Cotton Prices Spurt $3.00 A Bale f------------—— Arid Weather Cuts Estimate 11.121.000 Bale Forecast However, Still Abov< SHort Crops of Lasi Two Years. Washi/igton.—Drought damag to this year’s cotton crop, reflecte in an official government estimat of an 11,121,000 bale productior this week sent prices for the South staple soaring. Arid weather in the western en of the cotton belt caused the Fed eral crop reporting board to re duce its forecast of this season yield 1,360,000 running bales belot its August 1 estimate. The 11,121',000 bales estimat for 1936 was still above the shot crops of the past two years—10, 638.000 bales in 1935 and 9,636, 000 bales, in 1934—but well beloi the 5-year average of 14,667,00 bales in 1928-32. The sharp reduction apparentl surprised the cotton trade and at New Orleans all options shot up to the 12-cent a pound mark or mere in one jump, advancing fro $5 to j $3.50 a bale. ( Cotton for delivery in October, which had been selling for 11.43 when the market closed for the re ( port, reached a peak of 12.29. De Jcember climbed to 12.21; March to 12.26. The market later sold off a ^ little, but gains ranged _to $3 a bale. Traders on the New York cotton . exchange termed the bullish gov j ernment report "sensational” as ; cotton spurted 75 points, or about $3.75 a bale. ’ A stream of buving orders with S J both.domestic and foreign trade re , ported represented, sent the New York list above 12 cents. October cotton reached 12.22; December, 12.3 5; March 12.31, and May s 12.35. The market later sold off a 7 few points from the peak, but closed steady. e_ t 100,000 SPANIARDS DEAD Paris.—More than 100,000 Span ir iards have been killed during the 1 civil war between Fascists and So cialists, tlie newspaper Jetit Journal f declared. A Fortress For Ten Billion in Gold FT. KNOX, Ky. . . . Here is the super-structure of the vault where CTncle Sam will shortly store $10,000,000,000 in gold. The vault has t>een built from secret plans. It will be surrounded by a high steel Fence and two water-filled moats with a device to flood the underground rault in event of danger. The gold will be moved here in fifty armored trains, guarded by 1,400 regular army soldiers. Insert shows workmen installing stainless steel bars, held by headless Jail bolts. Two Escapers Are Captured Calvin Brown and Hermon Per ry, two of the six convicts who es caped from the Rowan prison camp early Monday night by saw> g the bars of a back window with „ hack saw, were captured Wednesday night in the woods is Davidson county, it was reported by George R.ike„ district engineer of the State Highway department. The negroes were trailed by, bloodhounds from the Iredell pris-j on camp, Rike said. Brown previously had escaped at the local camp. He also is wanted* in South Carolina for escape while; serving a 20-year term for murder.] He was double shackled but had! cut his chains before his escape. Three of the six negroes are still at large, a third, Frank Eddleman having been captured early Tues day by D. DeMarcus, chief; of police at China Grove. The three sought are Charlie ’'ackson, Jule Lawrence, and Theodore Johnson. • V '■f'.