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Carolina watchman. [volume] (Salisbury, N.C.) 1871-1937, September 11, 1936, Image 4

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Carolina Watchman
Published Every Friday
Morning By The
Carolina Watchman Pub. Co.
E. W. G. Huffman_President
Payable In Advance
One Year_$1-00
6 Months- -I®
Entered as second-class mail
matter at the postoffice at Sal
isbury, N. C., under the act of
March 3, 1879.
The influence of weekly news
papers on public opinion exceeds
that of all other publications in
the country.—Arthur Brisbane.
(1930 Census)
Salisbury —_16,951
Spencer _3,128
E. Spencer-2,098
China Grove_1,258
Landis _1,3-88
Rockwell_ 696
Granite Quarry_ 507
Cleveland_ 43 5
Faith’ ___ 431
Gold Hill _ 156
(Population Rowan Co. 56,665)
> r /•:*.' ■
IZED BY The Pennsylvania School
Journal and the job is superlatively
The best law—The Golden Rule.
The best education—Self-know
The best philosophy—A conten
ted mind.
The best theology—A pure and
beneficent life.
The best war—to war against
one’s weakness.
The best medicine—Cheerful
ness and temperance.
The best music—The laughter
The best science—Extracting
sunshine from a cloudy day.
The best journalism—Printing
the true and beautiful on memory’s
The best telegraphing—Flashing
a ray of sunshine into a gloomy
The best biography—That life
which writes chairty in the largest
The best mathematics—That
which doubles the joy and divides
the most sorrows.
The best navigation—-Steering
clear of the lacerating rocks of per
sonal contention.
The best diplomacy—Effecting
a treaty of peace with one’s own
The best engineering—Building
a bridge of faith over the river of
As a result of investigations into
the chain store situation, made by
the Federal Trade Commission and
the Federal Bureau of the Census,
new light has lately been thrown
upon the extent and effect of chain
store operations.
It develops that while the num
ber of independently-owned retail
stores increased by 46,000 between
1929 and 1933, the number of
chain stores decreased by 6,400 in
the same period. Chain stores, it
is reported, do about 25 percent of
all the retail business of the nation.
In the grocery and food field they
do about five-fifths of the total
volume of business. Their prices
to consumers, the Trade Commis
sion reports, are about 8.1% below
those charged by competing retail
According to the Census Bureau
figures, the average wages of chain
store employees are $1,079 a year,
and those paid by independent
store owners about $947 a year.
On the vexed qftstion whether
chain stores take money out of a
community, the Institute of Dis
tribution points out that all the
WE WOULD like to mention a
* * *
NAME TODAY, but rules are still
* * *
IN THIS column. Most of our
* * *
READERS KNEW the man whom
* * ■
OUR LITTLE drama centers to
* * *
DAY, SO it will likely prove just
■ * * * ■
AS INTERESTING as if we did
* >r *
CALL A name or two. “Did your
* * ♦
* a- #
OLD AQJE?” asked one local citi
* * *
ZEN OF another just this week.
♦ ♦ *
“NO,” WAS the very prompt re
* * *
PLY. “HE lived to a green old
* * *
AGE. HE was badly swindled four
* * *
TIMES AFTER reaching the age
♦ * *
OF 70.”
* * *
money any retailed takes in, except
what he pays for local help and
rent and his own profit, if any,
goes out of town, to the whole- I
sale houses from which he bu^s.
It is also pointed out the average
salary of a chain store manager
who if he is a good manager de
fends largely upon his local con
:acts and part in the community
ife for the success of his store,
imounts to as much as the average
ndependent small retail merchant
makes in nef profits. ;
And that’s the story of the chain ]
store, based on these reports.
Two concepts of government, ‘
both relying upon force, are war- j
ring for control of the world. They
ire Communism and Fasicsm. The
present civil war in Spain is distin- (
:tly a war between these two for- 1
:es. When Spain rose in rebellion 1
igainst its ancient monarchy and ^
txpelled its King, the idea of the
.eaders of the revolution was to set ]
ap a democratic form of govern- 1
ment, a republic somewhat on
American lines.
The Spanish people, having never j
had any experience or training in j
self-government, fell an easy prey \
to the Communist propaganda, and t
two years ago the government got (
into Communist hands. Now the '
[eaders of the auri-monarchist re- ,
volution are in rebellion against the
Communist government, seeking to <
set up another sort of dictatorship, <
of the type to which Mussolini ^
gave the name of Fascism.
It has been Europe’s experienc
that only a dictatorship can ovei
come Communism, once that doc- ;
trine has taken root among the 1
masses. Communism is interna '
tional. From Moscow the effort
is unceasing to stir up discontent
all over the world and convert the
workers to its program of seizur
of power by force. The first na
tion to feel this influence after the
World War was Italy. Communism
threatened the throne and the
church. Mussolini’s bold seizure!
of power was a successful effort,!
with King and Church giving tacitj
encouragement, to resist force withi
force and set up a stable govern
Hitler’s rise to power in Ger
many came about in much the
same way. A Communist uprising
was imminent among the impov
erished German people. Hitler seiz
ed the opportunity to gain control
of the government and its armed
forces, and has brought about a
semblence of internal order, though
at a frightful cost not only in hu
man lives but in the suppression
of human liberties.
We in America want neither
Communism nor Fascism. We
have learned how to operate a de
mocracy and we will sustain it.
‘Which ‘Way, ‘Wind?- by A. B. Chapin '
is Blowing
\WAY — I
_ vore
/ !
x/\iv v mvJLJ . . . juu years
The whole world of scholarship
i paying compliments this month
o the oldest American institution
>f learning, Harvard University,
vhich was founded in 1636, three
mndred years ago.
Harvard’s tercentenary interests
ne particularly because one of my
arliest American ancesters, Dr.
lenjamin Stockbridge, was one of
he first students in the "colledgej
r schoale” which the Rev. John!
iarvard endowed in the townj
irhich was named for his own
inglish university town of Cham
In its beginning Harvard was a
' --’-----O -»
/here Nathianel Eaton, the master,
ialf starved and mercilessly whip
ied the unfortunate boys. B ut
rom that seed sprang what is, 1
ielieve, the most far-reaching edu
ational influence in America, and
he most democratic.
* * *
iOTTON . . . for roads
New York state is about to try
iut the new type of cotton road,
in a six-mile stretch in the Mo
lawk Valley. Cotton roads have
>een quite successful n the South,
s the cheapest improvement on the
irdinary gravel or clay road.
I havp been trying to remember
i time when the cotton planters1
if the South were not in distress,
eeking new uses and markets for
heir surplus product. It was a
'ear or so before the World War
hat the "buy a bale of cotton”
propaganda was started all over
:he country, to help the Southern
The truth about cotton, it
ieems to me, is that it can be
*rown profitably only in especially
favored regions or where there is
i plentiful supply of the cheapest
ppanual labor to "chop” and pick
t. Most of cotton’s troubles arise
from trying to £jow it under con
ditions which militate against pro
* * *
PIGS . . . from abroad
"Pigs” as my friend Ellis Parker
Butler pointed out in the story
_1_• i __ ii * r_ «• • jj
rviiAwi iiidut xmu xamvuo, xo
In "Pigs is Pigs” it was a country
railway agent who insisted that
^uiena-pigs should come under the
same classification as regulair pork
In England, where they have
been breeding pigs since long be
fore Columbus discovered America,
pigs is also pigs, but they know
they are not all alike. The kind
that bring home the bacon in
England are known only by the
name of Large Black pigs. They
are said to be far more docile than
the 'fancy” breeds, and also more
profitable. J
Uncle Sam has just imported
four Large Black pigs, two boars
ind two sows, and is going to try
:rossing them with familiar Amer
can breeds. Which is interesting to
aog-raisers, but to most of us pigs
s just pigs.
* * *
JATS . . . some useful
I have long accounted bats as
imong the most interesting as well
is the most useful little animals
nrO V*--StTO Tlia.r 'lea ra-f 1.1
f you have plenty of bats flying
iround your house on Summer eve
nings you won’t have so many
mosquitoes. Indeed, one Texas
town some years ago built a "bat
cower” in which these flying mice
could live and breed, and so get
rid of a serious mosquito pest.
Only a few persons with excep
tionally keen ears can hear the
squeaky cries of bats as they fly.
rheir tone is pitched in a key be
yond ordinary audibility.
Not all bats are harmless, how
ever. The great vampire bats of
the tropcis and some parts of Eu
rope are actually a menace to hu
man and animal life. And the
3ther day the Federal government
ordered the killing of eight "flying
foxes” from India, fruit bats with
i three-foot wing spread, which
destroy orchards and fruit groves
Df all kinds.
Still, I like bats.
* * *
CHILDREN . . . work
A new law has iust sone jnto
sffect in New York, raising from
14 to 16 the age at which a boy
may leave school and get his
“working papers.” Boys of 12 are
still allowed, however, to sell news
papers and shine shoes on the
I have never been convinced
that it is always a good thing for
a boy to keep him from earning
his own wav in the world, whsf
ever his . age. I know too many|
men who have risen to real great-'
ness, who had very little formal
schooling but got their education
throus^» their contacts with life
Of course, it all depends on
what the boy has got in him; but
I think most boys who want to go
to work don’t get very much of
value out of compulsory school at
LAND POSTERS—For Sale at The
Watchman Office.
Refreshing Relief
When You Need a Laxative
Because of the refreshing relief It
has brought them, thousands of men
and women, who could
afford much more ex
pensive laxatives, use
Black-Draught when
needed. It is very eco
nomical, purely vegeta
ble, highly effective... Mr. J. Lester
Roberson, well known hardware
dealer at Martinsville, Va, writes:
“I certainly can recommend Black
Draught a3 a splendid medlrdnp., J
have taken it for constipation
the dull feelings that follow, and
have found it very satisfactory."
Gold Hill|Rt. 1 News
SVe are glad to report that the
health of the people in our section
is good at the present time.
The farmers are gathering their
rough feed stuff, hay, tops, etc.
The revival meeting at St. Paul’s
Holliness church closed Sunday
night. "The meeting was conducted
by the pastor, Rev. T. R. York,
and Rev. Castevens of Virginia, the
meeting was attended by large
crowds and we trust much good
was accomplished tor the uogd
Rev. Walter Lanin and Rev. J.
P. Waggoner just recently closed
a meeting at Zion M. E. church on
the New London charge..
Rev. C. P. Fisher of Landis is
helping Rev. Lee Shipton of Piney
woods Lutheran_church conduct a
meeting this weeKT Mr. C. P. used
to preach in this section and he said
it was like being among home folks
down here.
P. H. Wagoner and family visit
ed his brother last week, 'Mr. and
Mrs. Ralph Wagoner, in Pensacola,
Fla. Ralph and his son, Lonnie have
jobs with the government naval air
station there putting up some large
brick buildings. P. H. returned
by Tallahassa, St. Augustine and
Jacksonville. To one who has never
Kpen in Fla it- is a lot of scenerv
there to see. You can see old forts
dated as far back as 1513, also see
the cattle running at large, and
the land is principally level.
Mr. Ralph Shaver, one of our
promising young men, is teaching
school in the Boyden high school at
Salisbury. We wish for Mr. Shaver
much success.
We are expecting to go to the
Fraley reynion next Saturday at
Mr. and Mrs. D. S. Fraley’s near
Misenheimer. Mr. Fraley is a twin
brother to Mrs. J. A. Bolton of
A good housekeeper can take a
few hints from a well organized
business office, said Miss Pauline
Gorlon, State College extension
specialist in home management.
For example, she said, the house
keeper can make a work schedule
to divide the day among the dif
ferent tasks that have to be done
and to show which tasys are or can
be done by parious members of the
The family needs should be studi
ed, and the family income so bud
geted that the greatest returns for
all concerned may be secured, Miss
(jordon continued.
A record book is helpful in keep
ing a check on household activities
and in making plans for the future.
Such a book is a good place tc
set down addresses, facts about the
household and the family personnel,
automobile data, books owned,
borrowed, and loaned, Christmas
cards to be sent or acknowledged,
gifts given or desired, clubs and
their dues and meeting days, cloth
ing sizes and measurements for the
family, preferred, brands and a
mounts of food needed, harden
plantings and suggestions, means
Bruce Barton Says
Back in 1926, I happened to be
riding with a vigorous middle-aged
man who had just sold his business
for several million dollars. The
contract provided that he should
remain active in the company, but
his intention was to take things
easy. "I am never going to let
myself have any 'more financial
worries,” he said. "In addition to
my stocks, I have $700;000 in the
moss-pack bonds. Whatever hap
pens, they can never get me.”
In 1929, his stocks began a nose
dive. By 1931, he thought the de
pression was over sufficiently so
that he could make a large com
mittment on behalf of one of his
riPn^C Tkp rnmmirfment nearlv
wrecked him. For five years he
has worked harder and worried
more than ever before.
The other night I saw him again.
His business is getting better, his
stocks are improving. Always an
optimist, he said:4"This country is
going to have another very profit
able period. The 'question will be.
Have we learned anything? W(
didn’t know enough to salt awaj
our winnings before; shall . w<
know enough to do it this time?’
Another man remarked recently
"My principal mistakes have beer
not in believeing too much in th<
country but in believing too little
I sold some perfectly good securi
ties in 1932 because I was finalh
persuaded that this depression wa
different, that, however nobly thi
country had recovered before, i
could never recover again. Thosi
same stocks are selling today a
prices which I thought I neve
should live to see.”
Here are two smart men. On<
was sure the depression could neve\
go far enough to involve him; th
other was equally sure that recov
ery would never come in sufficien
proportions to life him “off tin
hook.” Both are intelligent; anc
both are wrong. This is a bif
country; it is big enough to con
tain almost every thing. But then
is one litjje word that apparently
is too big even for it—that is the
little word never. -- ■
* * *
At an informal party Tmet Herb
for company, things needed, insur
ance date, magazine subscription;
carried, and numerous other things
An inventory should be made oi
house furnishings to show wha
is owned, the condition of the fur
niture, and what may be ntede;
now or in the future.
A reminder file is good for call
ing attention to special householc
tasks that must.be done within cer
tain periods, visitors due, birthdays
special anniversaries, dates whet
payments must be made on insur
ance, taxes, or articles purchased oi
the installment plan, and many oth
er duties that may be lost sight of
Williams, that comedian whose
vaudeville drollery has made me
laugh a score of times until my
stomach muscles ached. Earnestly
and reverently, I pumped his hand.
"If I should never see you again,”
I said, "please remember that you
carry with you always the undying
regard of a very grateful custom
er.” Being a top-notcher he is, of
| course, modest. |He seemed a bit
! surprised that anybody should say
"thank you.”
He is one of a precious little
group of folks to whom I should
like to make similar acknowledg
ment. Are they not the world’s
most valuable citizens? Of almost
every kind of talent there is an
oversupply. We have plenty of
bankers, lawyers, writers, income
tax collectors, and investment
counsellors. But only a handful of
j men who can literally make you
I Imio-b until vnn rrv. If rbprp PVA1*
should be another war, surely they
should be put in a special classifi
cation under the draft.
One of Charles Lamb’s essays re
cords a touching conversation be
tween an elderly man and his wife.
They are recounting the joys of
their young days—the theatres they
attended, the books the bought,
the sacrifices they made together.
At length she says wistfully: "Yes,
we have more things now, but we
do not laugh so much.”
Laughter is golden, and youth
should lay up as much of it as
possible in the bank of memory.
Only the most important business
should be allowed to interfere with
the chance for an extra laugh.
| Ticonderoga, N. Y.—An annpsl
! "liars’ contest” will be conducted
by the Champlain Valley Archeo
logical Society of this village for
residents of Essex, Warren and
Washington counties.
This year’s contest is to be con
ducted in the grove on Thomas J.
Cook’s farm, North Ticonderoga,
at a date to be announced in late
The board of directors of the
I Archeological Society will act as
I judges and a prize will be awarded
for the biggest and best lie.
No women will be permitted to L
—Buy In Salisbury—
CASH Paid for
For details write
j Geo. C. Brown &
Co. of N. C., Greens*
\\ boro. N. C.
TUTonnu'i mmmm immbmw—— majmesaetme
*-M. • *
HERE’S where the biggest
values in town hang out!
Values that carry the high*
est quality atj unusually
Spend shopping time here.
We assure prompt effic*
I ient delivery service.
The Store of Better Quality

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