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The most expensive political
campaign in the nation’s history / comes to an end next Tuesday. More money will have been spent by both parties in the National, Senatorial, Congressional, state and local campaigns than ever before. That is not to imply that there is anything improper in the spend ing of money by political organi zations for election purposes. It costs money to pay the expenses of speakers, to pay for advertising in newspapers and on billboards, to buy time on the air, to print book lets. circulars and badges by the rpn- nf millions, and t-n rUa wages of employees. All of these expenses so far as they relate to national offices, Presidential, Senatorial or Congres sional, are required to be reported to the proper officials in Washing ton in detail, and particular pains are taken to scrutinize them with great care and frequently to in vestigate them afterward. Since the passage of the ccyrrup* practices act, more than 20 years ago, in stances have been very rare of im proper or fraudulent use of money in elections for such purposes as bribing voters or concealing the expenditure of campaign funds. Practically all of the states re quire reports of campaign expendi tures made on behalf of state, county and municipal officers, so that it is increasingly difficult for any party, however well organized and financed, to buy an election. Thprp is nr^fViino- n cr fViPrp fore, in the fact that this year’s political campaigners, taken alto gether, will run to around $2 5, 000,000. THE MONEY SPENT Of this amount the Republican National Committee is expected to report the eexpenditure of $8,3 36, 000, which is the largest amount ever spent by any party in a presi dential campaign, except in 1928, when the Republican National Committee spent $9,443,000 and the Democratic National Commit tee, $7,152,511. This year the De mocratic National Committee ex penditures will run around $3, 000,000. The Senatorial and Con gressional Committees of the two ■ major parties are expected to spend about $500,000 each. Senatorial and Congressional candidates’ personal expenditures will run to about $2,000,000. The minor parties, Union, Socialist, Communist, Prohibition, Farmer T.ahnr. etc., will orobablv spend among them about $3,000,000. State, county and local campaigns will account for another $8,000, 000. One of the reasons for the heavy expenditure this year is the great increase in the number of voters whom every candidate and com mittee is trying to reach and in fluence. The addition of more than a million to the registered vote of New York State led to the calling of a special session of the legislature last week for the pur pose of enacting a law permitting the polls to remain open several hours later than the established closing time of 5 o’clock. If the efforts of the various campaign committees to get out the full vote are successful, the probability is that in many of the crucial states ana cities the process of counting the ballots will neces sarily be prolonged. It is, therefore, quite possible that the nation will not “know definitely who has been elected President until well along on Wednesday morning, Nov. 4. In the cities which use voting machines, such as New York, Buf falo and many of the larger cities of the Middle West, the total vote is normally completely tabulated and recorded within an hour after the close of the polls. But with the extension of voting time in New York and the probability that it will be necessary to resort to paper ballots to supplement the work of the voting machines, the way is paved for a long delay in the re ports from this and other vitaj centers of election night interest. THE STRAW VOTE POLLS In no previous campaign has there been such an extensive use of the method of trying to fore cast the election by means of poll; or "straw'votes.” One enterprising r V newspaper, the Cleveland News conducted what it calls a "poll tc end all polls.” That newspaper dis covered that no less than 3,00/ (Continued on page four) The Carolina Watchman _.A NEWSPAPER DEVOTED TO THE UPBUILDING OF ROWAN COUNTY FOUNDED 1332— 10ITF YEAR_ SALISBURY, N. C„ FRIDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 30, 1936 " VOL. 104 NO. 14 PRICE 2 CENTS Dickinson, Doughton Here Tonight Biggest Rally Of Campaign Is Scheduled _ i! Democratic Leaders Pre dict Largest Majority In County’s History. i FINAL RALLY MONDAY NIGHT Hon. John Dickinson, Assistant Attorney General of the United States, and Hon. R. L. Doughton, Congressman from this District land Chairman of the Ways and| jMeans Committee, will be th<>! I headliners at a Democratic rally in, ! the County Courthouse tonight,1, beginning at 8 o’clock. Mr. Dickinson will be presented! to the audience by Congressman j Doughton. Democratic leaders ex-1 pect the largest crowd of thej. campaign to attend the speaking.|] Mr. Dickinson was for several years Assistant Secretary of the , United States Department of Com- ] merce and former law partner of; (William G. McAdoo. Considered I one of the leading spokesmen of ] I the Administration, Mr. Dickinson , will bring an inspiring message from the Nation’s Capital. Every one is most cordially invited to at tend. ! Success for the county, state and national tickets was freely predict ed in local political circles this la week. Rowan county, it is believ ed, will give the entire Democratic ticket a majority of over 5,000 itj is forecast. 1 I An unusually heavy vote is pre dicted, in fact, the largest in his- 1 itory is forecast, for the county,;) The final Democratic rally will I be held Monday night at 8 o’clock jin the county courthouse. Walter Murphy will be the headliner for , I this event. Other talks will be i I made by the Democratic nominees J j of the county and also by leading ( I Democrats in Salisbury and Rowan i I county. Elaborate plans are being made for the finals, j Walter H. Woodson, Jr., Chair- ( man of the Rowan County Demo cratic Executive Committee, who , has been untiring in his activities ( in behalf of the Democratic party ( flip nasf spvpral month*;, nrprhrf*; 1 . J an overwhelming victory for the , entire Democratic ticket in Rowan l county. 1 NEARLY 6,500 MOTORISTS LOSE DRIVERS LICENSES ■ Raleigh.—Revocations of licen ' ses of automobile drivers for law i violations neared 6,500 Wednesday i as the first year of operation of i ■ the new law neared an end. Through Tuesday 6,477 persons j i had lost their permits, most of them i for drunken driving. i TICKET The Watchman prints below the :ounty, state and national ticket :o be voted in the election Nov. 3. National Democratic Ticket "or President and Vice President— 7ranklin D. Roosevelt; John Gar ler. State Democratic Ticket Governor—Clyde R. Hoey. Lieut. Governor—Wilkins P. Torton Serrpfarv nf *\tarp-TTharl Fmi-a Auditor—George Ross Pou Treasurer—Charles M. Johnson Supt. Instruction—Clyde A. Er vin Attorney General—A. A. Sea vell Com. Agriculture—W. Kerr icott Com. Labor—A. L. Fletcher Ins. Commissioner—Dan C. Joney Associate Justice Supreme Court —George W. Connor, William A. Devin Judge Superior Court 10th Dis rict—Marshall T. Spears; 15th District, Frank M. Armstrong U. S. Senator—Josiah W. Bailey Congress, 9th District—Robert .. Doughtcjfi. County Democratic Ticket Senator—Edwin C. Gregory Flouse—Walter Murphy, George Jzzell Trial Justice—W. V. Harris Register of Deeds—W. D. Kiz iah Auditor—J. E. (Pat) Haynes Sheriff-J. H. Krider Prosecuting Attorney—John C. ipclpr County Commissioners—T. M. Syrd, C. A. Long, O. L. Linn, R. Bernhardt, Jim T. Graham Continued on page 5 Sheriff Told To Let Games Of Skill Operate Sheriff J. H. Krider of Rowan ounty was served with a tempor iry restraining order Wednesday fternoon from interfering with he operation of games and devices • 1*11 1 viuvi idinuivm, aim aniuoc nent” at the Rowan county fair vhich is under way this week. The order was signed Tuesday in Winston-Salem by Judge Frank Armstrong and is returnable on November 9 at Statesville before udge P. A. McElroy. It was stated in the complaint hat these games and devices were he same that were run at the State air in Raleigh and at the fair in Winston-Salem a<icf that they were lermitted to run after being inves igated by officers and not being onsidered illegal. i ROOSEVELT ' LANDSLIDE FORECAST i I Washington.—Close political ob ' servers here predict another land slide for Roosevelt November 3rd The election outcome next Tues day has been sized up as follows it political circles here: Total electoral vote_53: Necessary to elect_26< Roosevelt totals_37! Landon totals_15< Roosevelt majority_21! ! Roosevelt, more than nec 1 essary _10! It is predicted that Roosevel will carry all of the pivotal states including New York, Pennsylvania i Illinois, Ohio, Indiana, the entir south, Calfornia and a majority o ■ the western states, the Literary Di ■ gest to the contrary notwithstand ing. 'j Landon is given the New Eng land states and a sprinkling of the | western states. Only one question ; | mark is outstanding in the poll. jThat is the state of New York, i Some observers who predict a land 1 slide for Roosevelt are of the opin ion that the President will not carry • New York. Other observers be : lieve New York is in the bag for , the President. Should Landon , carry New York, he would still be : shy many electorial college votes f necessary to elect. | Turn Faces Toward Home To Vote As Campaign Ends --■p Most recent pictures of Democratic and Republican Presidential candidates with their wives as they turned their faces toward home town voting boot’..’! to cast their ballots in the national election, next Tuesday. President and Mrs. Roosevelt go to Hyde Park, N. Y., while Governor and Mrs. Landon go to Indepen dence, Kans. President Roosevelt may receive returns in New York City. After voting, Governor Lan don will return to the state capital in Topeka, to receive the returns. N.C.Farmers Pay Back $400,000 On U. S. Loans Raleigh.—Regional resettlement, admnistration otficials said North! Carolina farmers had paid $400, 000 this fall on loans advanced j them last spring to finance the! planting of crops. Although mostj of the loans were not due for be tween two and five years, in local ities where tobacco, cotton, and potato crops have been good many rehabilitation clients have pafd their debts in full, George S. Mitchell, regional RA director said. . 1 Presidents Of The United States Washington.—Presidents of the United States in the orders in which they served: 1 George Washington. 2— John Adams. 3— Thomas Jeffarson. 4— James Madison. 5— James Monroe. 6— John Quincy Adams. 7— Andrew Jackson. 8— Martin Van Buren. 9— William Henry Harrison. 10— John Tyler. 11— James K. Polk. 12— Zachary Taylor. 113—Millard Fillmore. . 14— Franklin Pierce. 15— James Buchanan. 16— Abraham Lincoln. 17— Andrew Johnson. 18— Ulysses S. Grant. 19— Rutherford B. Hayes. 20— James A. Garfield. 21— Chester A. Arthur. 1 22— Grover Cleveland. i 23— Benjamin Harrison. 24— Grover Cleveland. 2 5—William McKinley. 26— Theodore Roosevelt. 27— William H. Taft. 28— Woodrow Wilson. 29— Warren G. 'Harding. 3 0—Calvin Coolidge. I 31—Herbert C. Hoover, j 3 2—Franklin D. Roosevelt. ! 'DADS’ CARRY OUT I BOASTS OF SONS | Cleveland.— 'My dad can lick 1 your dad,” yelled the sons of Nick Carioti and Carl Rubino. When the Rubino boy began peppering the Cartioti garage with stones the boys got a chance to see their threats in action. The elder Carioti fired one shot at the elder Rubino. The elder Rubino returned five shots Don’t Go Back and Back' wards With Republicans The hands of the Republican candidate are tied by a small but powerful section of his party. This group are its chief financial backers. Inevitably they must be recognized and rewarded. They have already put their candidate in the straitjacket of their plat form. Although it borrows a New Deal front to fool liberals the platform shows that the same Old Guard is in control. IT POINTS BACK to More Hawley-Smoot Tariffs— Although Republican high tariffs ruined our farmers and brought on depression, Big Business in the Republican Party de mands the repeal of the Democratic trade pacts which have in creased our foreign trade 47 per cent in less than 2 years. BACK to 48 Cent Wheat, 6 Cent Cot ton, 3 Cent Hogs— The Republican agricultural plank scores the New Deal control measures which raised farm income 2 1-2 billion. It offers a weak imitation of Democratic soil conservation policy and submits a medley of 13 theories for true and tried farm relief. Contrast the Republican record of broken pledges to aid the farmer with the tireless practical help given him by Democrats. BACK to Insecurity for Wage Earners— In place of a self-respecting, self-sustaining system of old age insurance based on contributions by employers and employees dur ing a worker’s earning years, Republicans hold out a vague promise of "supplementary payments” for "every American citizen over I 65” coupled with a vague threat of a widespread income tax to pay the bill. Since this would reach 2 billion a year, how about that balanced budget? And in place a fair national system of un employment insurance Republicans advocate state action again under which only one state, Wisconsin, adopted such measures prior to the Democratic Social Security Act on account of the competition of uninsured industries in other states. DAtK iu oreaaiines in ueiiei'" In calling for the return of relief to states and local govern ments, Republicans completely disregard the fact that today states are carrying the full burden of 1 1-2 million unemployables and their families—6 million individuals in all—and, in addition, local communities are contributing as much as they are able—more than 22 5 million—to work relief projects. Any heavier load on states and local units would result in acute distress and inadequate care. Mayors of 100 large cities have endorsed federal work relief. "The brave and clear (Democratic) platform adopted by this (De mocratic) convention, to which I heartily subscribe, sets forth that government in a modern civilization has certain inescapable obligations to its citizens, among which are protection of the family and the home, the establishment of a democracy of opportunity and aid to those overtaken by disaster.” —Acceptance speech, 1936-Franklin D. Roosevelt. If You Stand For PROGRESS Stand By The DEMOCRATIC PARTY Will Eff ft Huge Savings * i?_ * Clients In The Carolinas Good Business Enables Company To Offer Cheaper Rates Outlook Is Promising Good business during the past months and indications of continu ing good business, coupled with several other factors that have contributed to the conpany’s suc cess, have enabled the Duke Power company to effect a new annual • saving of $1,100,000 to its custom ers in the Carolinas through a re duction in electric and gas rates, rilllrp A'f'firillc innAUnna/i \Y/aJr.ae day. It was the second reduction of rates by the Duke company during 1936 and the savings to customers within the past four years through reductions in rates have totaled nearly $5,000,000, the figures dis close. Another factor, it was pointed out, was the ability of the company to refinance its bonded indebted ness and thereby effect a reduction in its fixed changes. Since 1932, it was pointed out, the Duke Power company has con sistently reduced the rates on its electric and gas rates. From Raleigh Commissioner Wineborne announced the reduced rates would become effectve "on meter reading” throughout the tumpany i territory alter Sunday, November 1. North Carolina customers of the company will get the benefit of about $733,000 of the total reduc tion, said Commissioner Wineborne. The company is the largest in the State, serving Charlotte, Greens boro, Winston-Salem and most of the territory between Durham on the east and Shelby on the west. In May the Duke company filed its 193 5 annual report showing net income for the year of $3,618,239, nearly double the 1934 net of $1, 944,064. The company had gross 1935 revenue of $21,829,889. The new reduction gives an ag gregate annual savings of $174,000 to residential electric customers and $197,000 to "small commercial users.” Textile rates were cut an aggregate estimated at $507,000 annually, municipal service $65, 000(T, industrial power $60,000, and small power users $35,000. Gas i • f • t. * — users icuucLKjns unaung *o-, 000. Under the present rates, resi dential users pay 80 cents for the first 10 kilowatt hours, five cents each for the next 20, four cents each for the next 20, three cents each for the next 50 and 2 1-2 cents each for all over 100. The initial rate will remain the same, as well the rate for the next 20 kilowatt hours, but the next 20 will be at 3 1-2 cents each and all over 50 at 2 1-2 cents each. A comparison shows that new and old bills will run the same for 10, 20 and 30 kilowatt hour users but a 40-kilowatt hour user who has been paying $2.20 monthly will hereafter pay only $2.15. A 50-kwh user wijl pay $2.50 instead og $2.60, a 60-kwh bill will be $2.75 instead of $2.90, etc. The commercial users of between 10 and 2,000 kilowatt hours will benefit mostly from the reductions in mat class. ine iitsl k.wiis will cost the same as now, 80 cents, but the next 90 will cost only 4^2 instead of five cents, the next 400 kwhs four cents where now the next 300 costs 4%, and the next 300 three cents where now the next 600 cost 3 /z each. Textile power service was cut from 1,22 3 cents per kwh for 50, 000 kwhs to 1.20 per kwh, and so forth through the schedule. Cotton Report Census report shows that there were 1362 bales of cotton ginned in Rowan County from the crop !of 1936 prior to Oct. 18 as com pared with 3 864 bales ginned to October 18 crop of 193 5.