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The Carolina Watchman |c“,
A NEWSPAPER DEVOTED TO THE UPBUILDING OF ROWAN COUNTY - • — . = ' - = — - FOUNDED 1$32—I05TH YEAR SALISBURY, N. C., FRIDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 18, 1936 VOL. 104 NO 7' CP PRICE 2 CENTS £=-~ '- " ... .- ■ - - - & Washington—With the return of the President to Washington from his triumphant journey to South America, the policies which will govern his second administra tion are beginning to take shape. In the absence of any public statement by the President, a great deal of the talk about what he intends to ask Congress to do must be accepted as pure speculation. It has always been difficult to read the President’s mind and probably not until he de livers his annual message to Con gress on January 5 will there be any clear cut definition of his program. In general, however, the best in formed Washington opinion is that his aim will be to find ways of in creasing the production and distri bution of commodities at the same time increasing the general wage level and shortening the working hours in industry, and without per mitting too high a proportion of corporate incomes to be distributed as profits to capital. In other words, the Administra tion’s purpose will likely be to so control and regulate business as to insure a wider distribution of wealth That objective which, if reached, would mean practically the aboli tion of poverty and economic dis tress, is one with which even the Administration’s vigorous oppo nent; are heartily in accord. Such differences in opiuion as may arise will be as to whether the methods proposed will accomplish that ob JCC LLVC. The President is believed to have come around to the view that low commodity prices don’t necessarily ratan low wages. T is expected that he will not encourage any organization of bu'inesa which has for its purpose the maintenance of high prices and large profits. The aim is, rather, expected to be the stimulation of mass production methods which have proved so successful in many industries in reducing prices to the consumer while at the same time increasing wages to the men engaged in pro duction. " ""TfF.UT. ANrt ABROAD There is no question that Presi dent’s Roosevelt’s ' prestige, both politically and in the public mind, has been greatly increased by his speeches and his reception in South America. The way has been cleared, it is believed here, for something approaching complete solidarity of the Western Hemisphere. Beyond doubt, the nations ge tween the Atlantic and the Pacific are wholeheartedly for closer inter national relations among themsel ves, looking toward lasting peace and closer trade and diplomatic relations. Now that uncensored reports of what is going on in Spain are be ginning to come out, it appears that what started as a civil war has begun to take on serious inter national aspects. Positive evidence that Russia is supplying tanks and other munitions of war to the Communist government forces in Spain, and that Italy and probably also Germany have been furnishing both munitions and men to the Fascist rebels, has reached the State Department. These seem to presage a conflict which may easily involve all of Europe. ___ . . . 1* . 1 1 ne situation is tumputdicu, moreover, by the British Cabinet crises, the outcome of which may have a decisive effect upon Eng land’s international relations and even upon the integrity of the Bri tish Empire. Washington1, there fore, is watching Enropean affairs more closely than ever before. It seems quite probable that one of the most important problems presented to the new Congress foi its early consideration will be the revision and strengthening of our neutrality laws. An an evidence of the delicacy of the international situation, the State Department has issued orders to the entire diplomatic and con sular corps that hereafter no mem ber of these services may marry a foreigner without the State De partment’s consent. Nearly 200 American diplomatic and consular officials have married foreigners in the past four or five years. The purpose of the regulation is to prevent the development of too sympathetic an international point of view on the part of the men who are sent abroad to represent the United States in foreign coun tries. They must have no relation ships which could possibly keep them from dealing with every sit uation from a strictly American (Continued on page four) Registration Tops 500,000 Carolina Motor Club Of fices, Motor Vehicle Bureau Begin Sales On Tuesday. Forty-six offices of the Carolina Motor Club and the motor vehicle bureau at Raleigh began the sale of 1937 State automobile license plates Tuesday. An all time record for the sale of motor vehicle licenses was estab lished this year. The 1937 plates are sold on the same basis as the 1936 sale, which is forty cents for each 100 pounds of weight of pas senger cars and 40, 50, 60, and 70 cents for each 100 pounds on trucks. The variation on trucks is according to their weight and hauling capacity. The minimum fee for passenger cars is $8.00. Minimum for trucks is $16.00. Through December 10, a total of $49,318 plates had been issued this year, compared with $11,381 through the same date last year—• an increase of about 48,000. This | will be the third time in the his | tory of the State that the registra | tion has exceeded 5 00,000, the ! other years being 1929 and 193 5. Thousands of license application cards mailed from Raleigh, which could not be delivered on account of errors in addresses and other , reasons, have been turned over to | Carolina Motor club offices, and | motor vehicle owners who have not I received the cards from Raleigh are _ i urged to call at the club offices * throughout North Carolina and inquire if their cards have been turned over because of incorrect addresses. Both the state motor vehicle bu reau and the Carolina Motor club offices will be closed Christmas day and December 26, although jthey will remain open January 1. Lynchings In United States 1889-1933 (From U. N. C. News Letter) There appears elsewhere in this | issue of a News letter a table which i ranks the states according to the | number of lynchings per 100,000 ! population for the forty-five year 'period from 1889 to 1933 inclusive. The table is based on statistics from the 1936 New York 'World Alma nac as kindly supplied by Mr. Alex ander B. Andrews of Raleigh. i lie wuuu /iimanac icpuiu 608 lynchings in the United States during the last forty-five years. Of these 2,912 were negroes and 696 were whites. In practically all of the states where the lynchings rates are high far more negroes than whites have been lynched. In Mississippi, for instance, there have been 438 negro lynchings and only twenty four white; in Georgia 432 negroes I against twenty-six whites; and in Florida 225 negroes against four teen whites. On the other hand, there are a few states with high lynching rates in which the lynch ings have been confined largely to whites due to the fact that those states have very few negro inhabi tants. In Wyoming, for instance, there have been twenty-eight white lynchings and only five negro. In Montana twenty whites against one negro, and so on for several other states, Perhaps the most striking fea ture of the table is the complete absence of lynchings in seven states of the Union and the Dis trict of Columbia, and only two lynchings in the state of New York with its enormous population. No lynchings are reported for Connect icut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, Rhode Is land, and Vermont, for the entire ( Continued on page Three) industry Gains Under Xmas Buying Sales Records Hit New Highs Steel Operations, Car loadings, Power Out put, Motor Industry Show Upturns. New York—Paced by steel op erations industry strode vigorously forward this week while retail trade although uneven in some regions, accelerated under fuel of Christ mas buying. The Associated Press index of in dustrial activity rose to 99.6. a peak since the end of November. 1929. A week ago it stood at 99.2. a year ago 86.7. In its survey of business condi tions in 37 cities for the week end ed December 9, the Department of Commerce said, "with Christmas but two weeks away, retail trade throughout the country began to | feel the full impact of holiday de mand. Although the forward movement was not uniform the trend to new high sales records for the period ! was everywhere in evidence. Steel operations rose to the best output since May, 1930, at 76.6 per cent of capacity, the American1 'Iron & Steel institute reported. Authoritative sources said steel companies had the largest unfilled orders on their bocks since 1929 and that orders still flowed in ex ! cept in those products for which ! books have been closed at fourth quarted prices. j The total of 2,243,916,000 kilo | watt hours, reported by the Edison | Electric institute for the week end ed December 5, was 13.9 per cent ahead of the like 193 S week, a somewhat larger margin of gain over a year ago than scored in the week before which included Thanks giving. Topping the freight shipment ledger was the fact all classes of goods showed a gain, except one, haulage of which is always ham pered at this time of year by freez ing of the Great Lakes. In the week ended December 5, carloadings totaled 744,957, an up turn over the previous week of 9.6 per cent, the Association of Amer ican Railroads reported. Compari son with the preceding week was distorted by the slowing down of 1 shipments by the Thanksgiving hol 1 iday. I Business observers found the I loadings gains over a year ago and two years ago an adequate general yard-stick of recovery progress. Compared with the 193 3 week the rise was 16.7 per cent, compared with 1934 week, 3 5.1 per cent. State Reserve Officers Leading In Campaign The North Carolina Chapter of the Reserve Officers Association of America is leading the nation in a membership campaign with 85 per cent of its quota attained, by Maj. Walter L. Tatum, president of of this city announced. Alabama is second yith 3 per cent. The fourth corps area, which comprises right Southern States, leads all other areas with 53 per cent, it was stated. "So you are undertaking to keep bees?” "Yes,” answered Farmer Corn tossel, "I don’t want to miss any thing, and I’Ve been stung every other way there is.” Toni—"I got my whiskers on the instalment plan.” Fred — "On the instalment plan?” Toni—"Yes, a little down each week.” OUR OWN SNAPSHOTS' . ——— . 1 ■ ' ■ lust Gossipers — even at this tender age. American women are especial ly fond of flowers as everyone knows. So if you are puzzled as to what to giye her Christ mas you will make her happy with a selection from the beautiful-assortment of copper and brass floral containers and vases now being shewn at leading department stores and gift shops. Experiments at the University of Delaware have proven that plants and cut flowers will live much longer in copper containers that they will in either pottery or glass. ^ - - ! Sun Hunter: Nice costume for this time of year—don't you envy her? FRED ASTAIRE demonstrates what the well-dressed 1 man is wearing lor business and pleasure. The versa- j tile ente tainer wishes he had as much time lor relax- l ation cis the pictures indicate. Currently he is doubling j* on the screen and the air. making a new film and | broadcasting over the NBC-Red Network Tuesday J nights. --—-S' ^ 1 * Columbia beat Stanford 7 to 0 in their return engagement in New York. The Lion's backfield: upper row, 1 to r. Oscar Bonom, fullback; Sid Luckman, halfback, bottom row, 1. to r. Johnny Hudasky, halfback, George Furey co captain and quarterback “WE, THE PEOPLE" PREPARE OWN RADIO .. PROGRAM. Four average citizens, representing - |“l a cross-section of the American public, select the acts to be heard, Sundays with Phillips H. Lord on the "We The People" program over the NBC-Blue network. For the first time in radio history a sponsor has turned time over to listeners to build their own shows The camera catches the People's Committee at work. Left to right: Evelyn Mac Donald, high school girl; lohn Atterbury, statistician; director Lord; * Mrs. Ellen Underhill, housewife, and Laurence McGourty, mechanic. Doughton Pushed For Speaker “Farmer Bob” Is Considered Logical Man Veteran Representative From 9th District Ranks Next to Bank head in Seniority. RANKIN URGES HIS SELECTION Washington — Representative Doughton came to the capitol to devote attention to a multitude of minor matters, as he accounted for his presence here at this time, and also to talk things over with the tax experts of the ways and means committee, ^of which he is chair man. The tax men of the commit tee are to formulate shortly a re port on the general tax situation. Mr. Doughton noted the absence of Chairman Harrison, of the fi nance committee, and it is there fore deemed unlikely that there will be a meeting of the joint com mittee on internal revenue taxation prior to the assembling of Congress Representative Doughton found upon his arrival here that he was receiving flattering and sponta neous publicity in coneCtion with the house leadership, an honor to which he has not aspired. Seeking to quiet the battle now raging in the Democratic ranks for the ma jority leadership in the next house. Representative Rankin, Mississippi, himself a candidate, suggested the withdrawal of all contestants in favor of Representative Dougih ton. Mr. Rankin said: (Continued from page one) Hen ‘Trees’ Rabbit For Rowan Man A hen that "treed” a rabbit be longs to his flock, avers R. T. Troutman of the western area of this city. When he stepped out into his yard, the hen fluttered and cackled about him, and edged to ward a clump of undergrowth near whereupon she circled about and appeared much excited. Troutman investigated, found a rabbit sitting in its bed, returned to the house and obtained his shotgun. Result: Troutman had rabbi for dinner, and the hen received an extra helping of corn. Short Evening Dresses Next! New York—Knee length evening dresses have the fashion world in as much of a dither as does the King’s romance with Mrs. Simpson. It seems there’s a possibility—al most a certainty—that knee-length evening dresses are coming back, with belts slung inches below the normal waistline. Not since the hot-cha days after the World war, the gay era along about 1923, have women appeared on dance floors in short, low-belted formal gowns. Now they’re a defi nite "trend,” and everyone is await ing the January openings in Paris to see how many are shown there. Examples—a town suit, with tail ored jacket and skirt, made of black mtelope, worn with a printed silk olouse; and a golf outfit, with Nor-! folk jacket and skirt, made of nat aral pigskin. Incidentally, the print in the olouse which goes with the antelope suit is called 'King’s coach,” and only it Edward retains the throne :an it be worn. In addition to the British corona tion coach, the design on the silk las the union jack, the crown, red roses, shamrocks and thistles, and the letters "E.R.I.”—"Edward Rex mperator.” See Improved Farm Outlook Economists, Howe v e r, Warn of Fundamental Weaknesses in Position of Agriculture. Washington—A forecast for a favorable year for farmers in 193 was coupled by Federal economists with a warning that there are fun damental weaknesses in the position of agriculture that will require vig or—and action. A. G. Black, chief of the bureau of agricultural economics, present ed these views to Secretary Wallace in an annual report which said drought and increases in farm prices and income were outstanding fac __* _ r •. • . i • wvj-vj in uib laiiu diLUdtiuii UU> ycdl. Despite the drought, Black said, to $7,800,000,000 this year, the cash income of farmers will mount fourth consecutive annual advance from the 1932 low of $4,328,000, 000. He figured this would be a gain of 11 per cent over last year and 81 per cent above 1932. However, the dry weather was said to have "left scars that will require time, careful planning, and much labor to erase.” Black warned that the nation has an agricultural system which, in years of average weather, "can produce considerably in excess of existing market demands, even al lowing for considerable advance in domestic demand.” He called this a major problem. He predicted continued recovery of foreign markets would be a slow process, and said n 'ds in this coun try could not assure an ample mar ket and satisfactory prices for all that American farmers can pro duce.” As a solution, Black said, "governments, Federal and State, should be prepared to take whatev er steps are necessary.” He added a crop insurance plan, such as that advocated by Secretary Wallace, might meet the need for storage of excess yields from years of plenty for use in periods of scarcity. Another field for State and Fed eral co-operation was said by Black to be a study of "marketing and distribution costs.” In a survey, the bureau reported 3 8 cents of the average consumer’s food dollar went to "processors, distributors, and transportation agencies,” 42 cents o the farmers. Salisbury Pastor Heads Rowan Lutheran Group | The Rev. C. A. Phillips, pastoi of the Haven Lutheran Church was elected president of the Rowan county Lutheran pastoral associa tion at a meeting held at the St. John’s church here. Rev. C. R. Pat terson of China Grove, is vice pres ident; Rev. Frank P. Cauble of eastern Rowan, is secretary-treasu rer. Dr. J. L. Morgan, president of the N. C. Lutheran synod, and Dr. M. L. Stirewalt, pastor of the St. John’s church, reported on the re cent meeting of the United Luther an synod convention at Columbus, Ohio. Bear Poplar Farmer Kills 128-lb Buck J. N. Houston, of Bear Poplar while hunting in Transylvania County the past week, killed al28 pound buck, and being umbued with the Christmas spirit distribu ted a portion of the venison to his friends and neighbors. Mr. Houston reports that the meat was unusually tender and de licious. Mr. Houston was accompanied by Mr. Frank Davis, of Henderson ville, one of the best deer hunters in Western North Carolina.