Newspaper Page Text
Washington— President Roose
velt’s second term began last Wed n*sday, Jan. 20. He came through the strain of his first term in bet _ter shape titan even his friends be lieved possible, yet the heavy duties have worn him perceptibly and, as he stated himself in his appeal cc Congress to authorize the enlarge ment of the Executive staff, "the President cannot adequately handle his responsibilities; he is overwork ed, it is humanly impossible for him to carry out his duty as Chiet Executive because he is over whelm with minor details and needless contacts arising directly from the bad organization and equipment of the Government. The plan of reorganization which the President’s committee drew up and which he has urged upon Congress would give the Chief Executive a lot of additional help. There would be six assistants directly attached to the White House staff in addition to the sec retaries now provided. As the com mittee suggested, these should be men whose job would be to neep in touch with every administrative department and make recommen dations to the President on admin istrative methods and personnel. THE PRESIDENT’S PLAN The plan calls for the addition! of two Cabinet departments, So cial Welfare and Public Works, - and changing the name of the De partment of the Interior to De partment of Conservation. The hundred or more independent agent boards and commisvins would be . distributed among the twelve ma jor departments. An important part of the Presi- i cent’s plan is t,> abolish the present j Ct”j* Service Commission and in- ] stand provide a single personnel of ficer or Civil Service Administra- ' ror with an unoi'J advisory board of six public-.piriteI citizens, toi arrise in placing every Government pos-tion not cc icerned with the t shar ing of polices in the irremove ■ ah le classified service. a The President’s reorganization e l plan ran head-on into Congress’ e ' own Ideas about reorganization, as t soon as it was submitted. Senator t raarry oyra or Virginia is cnair- ( man of a committee which has had , its own experts at work for nearly a year, and which has different ideas as to what needs to be done. , The boys on Capitol Hill, much as they would like to go along with the President, don’t like a number ' of things about his plan. In the . first place, they say, it would tend to concentrate too much power in the Executive, which is not the idea of Congress at all. Moreover, the President’s plan would abolish the position of Comptroller-General, which was created by Congress as a check uoon Executive soendine. And one thing the boys on the Hill de cidedly disapprove is the idea of sewing up all the government jobs so tight that a Congressman or a Senator can’t even get a postmast er appointed. The President was entirely frank in pointing out that his plan of re organization considered efficiency first and economy only second arily. Senator Byrld and a few others are equally frank in saying that it is time to think abot. eco nomy. They will bring forward reorganization plans of their own. THE BUDGET OUTLOOK In the subject of economy, the President’s budget message held little hope of a reduction in Feder al expenditures for another year. It is not likely that Government in come will balance outgo before the fiscal year 1939. The big items of expense for which the President asks Congress are: Relief, $1,887,000,000; Army and Navy, $981,000,000; Interest on the >3 5,000,000,000 National Debt, $860,000,000; Public Works $8 5 8,000,0000; Regular Govern ment Expenses, $750,000,000; Veterans Administration, $577, 000,000; Farm Aid, $463,000, 000. The $836,000,000 asked for So cial Security will be largely offset by the new payroll taxes. It is not expected that any new taxes will be needed, unless the strike situation so disorganizes business and checks recovery as to shut off expected tax revenue from business sources. There is little likelihood of reduction in ">ther The largest source of I >, ’ (Continued on page fot :f The Carolina Watchman ~f _ A NEWSPAPER DEVOTED TO THE UPBUILDING OF ROWAN COUNTY °UNA FOUNDED 1332—105TH YEAR SALISBURY, N. C., FRIDAY MORNING, FRIDAY, JANUARY 29, 1937 VOL. 104 NO. 27 PRICE j CENTS -V———--—— — "™ ' i. ■ 1 I, — „ 1, .... _ Plans Complete for Birthday Rail For Bitter Pen j Turns To College LOS ANGELES . . . P Milton Smith (above), editor Moun tain View. Calif., this week faced a court on criminal libel charges based on an editorial he wrote at tacking President Roosevelt A local Democratic County official in stigated the court action. SEATTLE . . . Mrs. Rubye L. Zionehock, 21 (above), widow of the late Congressman Zioncheck. is now a freshman in the Univer sity of Washington. She enrolled In psychology, economics and po litical science classes. Prior to her marriage she was a WPA steno grapher in Washington. Today And Tomorrow HAPPINESS . . . laws Sir Arthur Eddington, famous Iritish scientist, told ship news re' >orters that the only happy land he inew anythink about is the one in he familiar old hymn: "There is a happy land Far, far away.” There never has been such a hing on earth as a happy land— land in which all the people or ven half the people were happy, scept it may have been in one of he South Sea Islands before white nen discovered them and introdu :ed new ideas about right and vrong and began to impose laws lpon the people. I’ve observed innumerable at empts to make * land—this land >f ours—a happy land by passing aws. It looks to me that the more aws we adopt, the farther away we get from the goal of happiness. Ihe happy land is still "far, far iway.” * * * DELUSIONS ... vary The trouble with most of us is :hat we suffer from delusions—del usions as to what would make us sappy if we had it; delusions about low to make others happy. I know :arnest souls who are convinced chat all the poor need to make :hem happy is electric dishwashers md modern plumbing. Most of us relieve that all we need to make jurselves happy is more money chan we have. So we pass laws, or demand their passage, to give everybody more money and more plumbing, fool shly believing that happiness can ie measured in dollars. I lean more and more strongly :o the belief, as time marches on, chat a nation would be a much lappier place if all the laws pvhich were designed to make folk lappy were repealed over night. Aft _ _L -_1_..1J_ t easier for Washington to balance :he budget and reduce taxes. * * * RESPONSIBILITY ... no cop One of my objections to trying :o regulate all human affairs by aw is that it takes responsibility tway from the individual citizen ind lays it on the shoulder of the policeman. I believe most of the :vils which laws are supposed to :orrect would be righted to the iatisfaction of everybody, if every x>dy realized that they had to do IrvVi vpc ortA rnnlnn’t. jet out of it by saying it was gov :rnment’s business to attend to it. There was a higher proportion >f happiness, I believe, in the pio neer era when laws were few and iheriffs a long way off, and sett ershad to work out their destinies md those of their communities by caking responsibility on their own choulders. At least they enjoyed a higher measuren of independence when there were no government agnts round to tell them what to do, jand they never missed the plumb ing which they’d never heard of. * * * DIAMONDS . . .joy If you think it is diamonds that will make you happy, here’s : chance to pick up the world’s sec ond or third largest and finesi stone at a bargain. Three years age this month I told in this columr about a diamond almost as big a? an egg which a South Africar Dutchman named Jacobus Jonke; found on his farm and sold foi $300,000. Well, the world’s master di< mond cutter, Lazare Kaplan, fin ■ Tevnlra* a mond in New York just after New Year’s. He got twelve gems out o! it, the largest a magnificent jewe of 143 carats. Their owner, wh< bought the original rough diamcm from Jonker, thinks the twelvi would make a nice necklaie and h< asks only $2,000,000 for the lot! I haven’t heard whether Jacobu Jonker’s $300,000 has brough him happiness or not. It seems like ly that the one who has got thi moct happiness out of the big dia mond so far is the skilled srafts man who had the joy of using hi skill on such a piece of work. *• * * WEATHER . . . crops Thus far the winter of 193 6-3/ has been as much of a freak as it predecessor. A year ago the Eas |was having the heaviest snows am the lowest temperatures sine. Washingtons army nearly froze t< death at Valley Forge. This yeai there have not been a dozen really cold days along the whole Atlantii seaboard and no snow to speak of California has been suffering from the coldest winter in years anc Florida baking in the highest tern peratures on record. One good thing about this opei winter has been the abundance oi rain that has soaked in all over th drought-affected regions of th. East. In very few sections has th ground been frozen before the rair fell. Springs, wells and reservoir have been replenished and the out look is good for a big crop season Whatever may happen betweer now and summer, we can't hav. many weeks of cold wetather now East Spencer P. T. A. I lkT _ i news i The Grade Mothers of Spence High School held a call meeting oi Tuesday afternoon relative to din ner which the P. T. A. will serv Wednesday, February 3rd, in behal: of the school. The next regular meeting of tb P. T. A. will be held on the 3r< Monday in February. 261 Dead And Near Million Made Homeless The flood situation in Ohio, Ken tucky and adjoining states, was re ported Thursday to be as follows: 'Homeless—Estimated at almost 1,000,000 by the Red Cross. Dead—Known dead numbered 261—including 133 known dead in Louisville. However, it was reliably estimated more than 300 had died from exposure and disease in Louis ville hospitals. This would boost the general flood total to more than 428. Known dead by states included: Kentucky 170, Arkansas 23, Miss ouri 14, Ohio 14, West Virginia 14, Indiana 9, Tennessee 9, Illinois 6, Pennsylvania 3, South Carolina 1, -rr. Damage—Conservatively estima ted at more than $400,000,000. Relief—Red Cross raising $10, 000,000 relief fund. Senate arrang ed for quick consideration of $790, . 000,000 deficiency appropriation. President Roosevelt has promised it will be made available for flood re lief. Red Cross, medical, relief wor kers and Federal, and state agencies rush supplies and aid to flood vic tims. Well Known Woman Passes (From the Spencer Journal) Mrs. Spencer S. Pierce, aged 50 died at her home on Iredell Ave. Sunday night about midnight, fol lowing a long illness. For the past ten days her condition had been very, serious. She. is survived by her | husband, two sons, Lloyd* Pierce, of Winston-Salem and Roland of Asheville; three daughters, Mrs. Walter Sebastian Miss Virginia and Julia Pierce of Spencer. One grand son, Richard Pierce Sebastian; four brothers, H. P. Newman of Spen cer, H. R. Newman of Greensboro, : Charles and L. R. Newman of ; Washington; and one sister, Mrs. i P. B. Winston of Richmond, Va. Funeral services were held from the Methodist Church Tuesday at 4 P. ; M„ being conducted by Rev. W. r B. Davis of Winston-Salem, assisted by Rev. G. A. Stamper, pastor of ( the Methodist Church. Active Pallbearers were Dr. G. . B. Albright, J. H. Benton, E. L. , Rankin, W. H. Womack, Earl Kluttd and Lester H Slate. Honorary pallbearers were H. C. . Trexler, E. M. Swanson, W. D.' Hutchinson, M. R. Brockman,! Dike Webber, Roy Stuart, M. E.j Scrivener, R. L. Julian, E. R.: | Blackman, G. D. Brandt, S. S.! ■ Moore and J. u. carter. i Flower bearers were members of ; the Susiana Wesley Sunday school l class and friends and neighbors of the family. These offerings were numerous and beautiful showing 1 the high esteem in which the de ceased was held. 1,000,000 Homeless i l These people are suffering from hunger, cold and dis ease. Do your part by con ' tributing to the Red Cross "Bitty" Tops Stan » MIa.*U, Fla. . . . Bryan M. "Bitsy” Grant (above), mighty miniature Atlanta Atom of tennis. Is spilling s champion net stars all over the I South is winter play here, twice defeating Donald Budge rankini No. 1 U. S. star. Statement Effective the first week in Februtary the Rowan County Herald will succeed The Carolina Watchman * and the new publication will be published twice a1 week, beginning the first week in April, by the Inde pendent Press Publishing Company which will re-. place The Carolina Watchman Publishing Company. These changes are being made in accord with the expansion program recently inaugurated by the pub lisher and owner and with the additional objective of furnishing Salisbury and Rowan County with a live, up-to-date semiweekly, portraying in detail, the social, economic and religious life of this community. As in the past, this publication will continue to eater especially to rural Rowan. In addition to the Herald-Watchman, the publish er also owns and publishes The Spencer Journal, Spencer, N. C., The Davie County Independent, Mocksville, N. C., where a complete newspaper pltuit has been installed, and the China Grove Record, founded in 1909, discontinued by this publisher in July, 1931, but publication of which will be resumed in the near future. Several men have been added to our staff, three in the mechanical department and two in the news and advertising departments. In order to handle the in creased volume of business, additional machinery has been purchased including two Model 14 linotype machines, another newspaper press, job printing press, saw and motor, fully equipped, and a large quantity of type and other equipment. Our plants are now equipped to handle any type of printing or publishing work. The publisher desires to express his gratitude for the support of the subscribers, advertisers and other patronage en joyed in the past and bespeaks a continuation of the same for the above mentioned publications in the future. E. IV. G. Huffman PnA/i«lu> Spencer Adopts Refunding Plan Will Reduce Interest On Town’sBonds Financial Condition Im proving—No New Bonds Issued or Money Borrow ed (From th© Spencer Journal) Operation of the refunding plan adopted by the Mayor and Board of Aldermen has resulted in a de cided improved financial condition for the Town of Spencer and will save the tax payers a substantial amount of interest, over a period of years, according to T. Kern Carlton, Town Attorney, when ap proached by a representative of The Spencer Journal Wednesday. During the past five years, the Town of Spencer has been through one of the most trying times in its corporate existence, due mainly to the depression and consequent in ability of part of its citizenry to pay their taxes, street and other as sessments. Approxmately one hund red seventy five thousand dollars of street, water, sewer and school bonds came due during that period. At the present time the financial condition of the Town has improv ed. The Mayor and Board of Ald ermen have not borrowed any mon ey nor issued any new bonds, the tax collections are better, the street assessments are being paid and to take care of the liree number of bonds (which were issued in the past years, some as early as 1906) that have come due in the past five years, namely one hundred and sev enty five thousand dollars, the town authorities have put into op eration a refunding plan. This plan has the effect of continuing the old indebtedness over a long period of years, some bonds coming due even as late as 1954, and when the final refunding plan .has been completed the Town of Spencer will save a large sum in,, interest and all past due bonds will be current as to principal and interest. I Railroaders Defeat Mills Home Quint The Spencer high Railroaders, after taking it on the chin from Hickory Friday night, returned to their winning ways Tuesday night and defeated the Mills Home out fit at Thomasville 24 to 15 there by keeping a clean slate in the State Championship race. The game Tuesday night was a typical Spencer victory with Smith, Swicegood and Watlington setting the pace for the Railroaders and C. Watson being the outstanding per former for the Mills Home quint. WILVjTAGE GllLA EVENT AT HI SCHOOL lack Wardlaw And His Famous Orchestra Will Furnish Music And En tertainment. riCKET SALES VERY RAPID Plans are about complete for what is expected to be one of the ttgest social and beneficient events :ver held in Salisbury. The event:—President’s Birth Jay Ball. Time—Monday night, Feb. 1. Place—Boyden High School. Li.'lr l:. r_ " —-— ■ • a auivuj >rchestra, will furnish music. A lumber of other entertaining fea tures have been arranged, for the went. "Help fight infantile paralysis” s the call that is being heard thru st the nation this week, with a Birthday Ball for the President scheduled to be held in virtually wery city, village and hamlet in the United States. The President’s birthday falls on Saturday, January 30, and on this date he has been honored thruout the nation every year since 1932 fith an event of this sort to be held here Wednesday night. 70 per cent of the proceeds is used In the localities where th« dances are held the remainder being turned over to the Warm Sprngs Foundation to be used for the pur pose of aiding victims of the dread paralysis disease and for the pro motion of scientific research along lines of prevention and cure. Mr. B. D. McCubbins, General Chairman of the event, states that plans are progressing nicely. It is believed that tne Ball will probably be the largest of the year. —r s « LONDON . . . Ann Harding, ash blond beauty of the American screen (above), is the bride of Werner Janssen, famed American conductor and composer. They were quietly married in a surprise wedding, it is the second mar riage for both. WASHINGTON . . . Among the women in Washington official life is a Treasury Department official, Mrs. Marion Blair Banister, who Is Assistant Treasurer of the United States.