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One Square, one inch, one week... 1 00 One Sqnare, one inch, one month- S 00 One Square, one Inch, 8 months.... 6 00 One Square, one Inch, one year .... 10 00 Two Squares, one year....... 16 00 Quarter Column, one year 80 00 Half Column, one year . 60 00 One Column, one year 100 00 Legal advertisements ten cents per line each insertion. We do fine Job Printing of every de scription at reasonable rates, but it's cash on delivery. Published every Wednesday by J. E. WENK. Office in Smearbaugh & Wenk Building, BLM STBKET, TIONESTA, FA. For .kst r f.pt tirt in a m Terms, gl.00 A Year. Birlelly la MmM, No subscription received for shorter period than three months. - Correspondence solicited, but no notloe will bo taken of anonymous communica tions. Always give your name. VOL. XXXIX. NO. 39. TIONESTA, PA., WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 5, 1906. $1.00. PER ANNUM. THE FOREST REPUBLICAN. t BOHOUGH OFFlCKRb. n.,..r T T Pnrnnn j Justice! of the Peace O. A. Randall, D Clark, uHcumrn.J . B. Muse. J. W, Lan SC. A. Lanson, Geo. Uoleman, O. T, 4 ton. Win. Suiearbauuh, K w, , vaVe-W. H. Hood. . MUi W. H. Hood. , ioul Virectort J.' O. Soowden, T, f KitoheyjS. M. Henry, Dr. J.C. Dunn, .. JauilemMi, J. J, banders, .y irnnrw rniiNTV nrnr.BRS. Member of Congress Joseph C. Sibley, Member of Henate-J. K. r, nan, Assembly J. II. Kobprtson. President Judoe W. M. Llndsey. Assouan Judges F. X. Kreltler, P, O. Hill. -Prothnnolary, Register Jt Beeorder, te, , J. U. Meist. Hheriff. A. W. Stroup. Treasurer V. II. Harrison. Obmmxssioners Leonard Agnew, An drew Wolf, 1'hilio Kinert. nintfiet A ttnrnrtJ S. D. Irwin. . Jury Commissioners J. B. Eden, J, r. Uastner, i . County Audxtort W. H. Stiles, K. L, Haugti, H. T. Carsnu. Oiuncu fhtrvevor D. W. Clark. County Superintendent O. W. Morrl son. Heaular Terms af Crart. Fourth Monday of February. Third Monday of May. Fourth Monday of September. Third Monday of November. Regular Meeting of County Commis sloners 1st ana an Tuosaays oi muutu. Cfcarch and Habbath Mcbaal. ' Presbyterian Sabbath School at 9:46 a 1X1. ( Olt . OHUUHbU C3UIIUU1 HI. 1W.UV w Preaching in M. E. Church every Sab' Preaching in the F. M. Church every .. .. .11. 1 ... .NaDDain evening at vueunuai iiuur. Vt t fall Pa.tnri The regu'lar meetings of the W. C. T. TT haM ut thA hAniniinrtArs on the second and fourth Tuesdays of each momu. BUSINESS DIRECTORY. TU'.N ESTA LO DO E, No. 869, 1. 0. 0. F. J. M ents every Tuesday evening, in Odd Fellows' Hall, Partridge building. CAPT. GEORGE STOW POST. No. 274 G. A, R. Meets 1st and 8d Monday evening iu eacu uioutu. mini nvrwnv. BTnW WIRPS. No 137, W. R. C, meets first and third Wednesday evening oi eaou mouiu. KARL K. WENK, DENTIST. TlflNKSTA. PA All work guaranteed. Rooms over Forest uounty mauonai Ban. DR. ROSS PORTER, . DENTIST. Formerly of Marlenville. 34,Seneca Street, OIL CITY, PA R ITCHEY & CARRIWGER. ATTORN K Y o-AT-liA W, Tioneeta, Pa, CURTIS M. 8HAWKEY, ATTORN KY-AT-LAW, Warren, Pa. . Practioe in Forest Co. AO BROWN, ATTORNKY-AT-LAW Office In Arner Building, Cor. Elm and Bridge Sta., Tloneata, Pa. DR. F. J. BOVARD, Pbvsiclan 4 8urgeon. TIONESTA, PA. DR. J. 0. DUNN. PHYUlCTAN AND SURGEON, and DRUGGIST. OlBoe over store, .Tionesta. Pa. ProfesHional calis prompt ly responded to at all hours of day or nigul. Kosiuence Kira tsu, ueiween Grove's grocery and Gerow's restaurant. D R. J. B. SIGGINS. Physician and Surgeon, OIL CITY, PA. HE. KIRSCHNER. M. D. Practice limited to diseases of the Lungs and Chest. Olllce hours by ap pointment only. OIL CITY, FA. No. 116 CENTER ST. EW. BOLTON, M. D. Practice limited to diseases of the Eyes, Ears, None and Throat. Special attention given to the fitting of glasses. OIHce hours 9-12 a. m., 1-6 p. m., 7-8 p. m. OIL CITY, PA. No. 116 CENTEk ST. HOTEL WEAVER, E. A. WEAVER, Proprietor. This hotel, formerly the Lawrence House, has undergone a complete oliange, and is now furnished with all the mod ern Improvements. Heated and lighted throughout with natural gas, bathrooms, hot and cold water, etc. The comforts ol guests never neglectod. CENTRAL HOUSE, GKROW A UEROW Proprietor. Tionsela, Pa, This is the mostcentrally located hotel in the place, and has all the modern improvements. No pairm will be spared to make it a pleasant stopping place for the-traveling public First class Liverv in connection. pHIL. KMERT ' FANCY BOOT A SHOEMAKER. Shop in Walters building, Cor. Elm and Walnut streets, Is prepared to do all Kinds of custom work from the finest to 'the coarsest and guarantees his work to , give perfect satisfaption. Prompt atten t tion given to mending, and prices rea ' (tollable. 1MILWAY. HMB TABLE To Take Effect July 1st, 1905. jlTH Eastern Time ROUTH 1 ! Stations 2 4 i.m ' 00 ' 20 Leave Arrive! p,m.p.m Nebraska Ross Run Lamentation Newtown Mills Kellettville Buck Mills IB SO 6 05 0 00 5 65 30 45 12 00 5 45 11 50 5 85 11 40 5 25 11 20'5 15 11 1515 10 11 05 5 05 10 55 4 55 10 45 4 45 10 80!4 35 10 1014 20 10 00 4 15 a. m.lp.m ' 65 00 ! 20 f 30 1 40 Mayburg rorkey Minister Wellers Hastings Blue Jay Henry's Mill ; so .05 :2o liarnea Sheffield Arrive Leave T. D. COLLINS, Pbesiuisnt. ;e President Roosevelt in his annual messngo again urges the enactment of a law prohibiting corporations from contributing to campaign funds. lie also urges the passage of the measure conferring upon tlio1 government the right of appeal In criminal cases on questions of law. Continuing, the president says: I cannot too strongly urge the pas sage of the bill In question. A failure to pass it will result in seriously ham pering the government In Its effort to obtain Justice, especially against wealthy Individuals or corporations who do wrong, ud may also prevent the government from obtaining Justice for wage workers who are not them- selves able effectively to contest a case where the Judgiiieut of an inferior court has been against them. I have specifically In view a recent decision by a district Judgo leaving railway employees without remedy for viola tion of a certain so called labor statute. The Importance of enacting Into law the particular bill In question Is fur ther Increased by the fact that the gov ernment has now definitely begun a policy of resorting to the criminal law In those trust and Interstate commerce cases where such a course offers a rea sonable chance of success. Proper Vse of Injunctions. In my last message I suggested the enactment of a law in connection with the Issuance of Injunctions, attention having been sharply drawn to the mat ter by the demand that the right of ap plying Injunctions iu lubor cases should be wholly abolished. It Is at least doubtful whether a law abolish lug altogether the use of Injunctions In such cases would stand the test of the courts, In which case, of course, the legislation would be Ineffective. More over, I believe It would be wrong alto gether to prohibit the use of Injunc tions. It Is criminal to permit sym pathy for criminals to weaken our hands In upholding the law, and if men seek to destroy life or property by mob violence there should be no Im pairment of the power of the courts to deal with them In the most summary and effective way possible. But so far as possible the abuse of the power should be provided against by some such law as I advocated last jear. ' Against Lynching. I call your attention and the atten tion of the nation to the prevalence of crime among us and, above all, to the epidemic' of lyuchlng and mob violence that springs up now In one part of our country, now In another. Each sec tion, north, south, enst or west, has IfV own faults. fo section can with wisdom speud Its time Jeering at the faults of another section. It should be busy trying to amend Its own short comings. To deal with the crime of corruption It is necessary to have an awakened public conscience and to supplement this by whntever legisla tion will add speed and certulnty in the execution of the luw. When we deal with lynching even more Is neces sary. A great mauy white men are lynched, but the crime Is peculiarly frequent In respect to black men. The greatest existing cause of lynching Is the perpetration, especially by black men, of the hideous crime of rape, the most abominable In all the category of crimes, even worse than murder. Lawlessness grows by what it feeds upon, and when mobs begin to lynch for rape they speedily extend the sphere of their operations and lynch for mnny other kinds of crimes, so that two-thirds of the lynchlngs are not for rape- at all, while a considerable proportion of the Individuals lynched are Innocent of all crime. There Is but one safe rule In dealing with black men as with white men. It Is the same rule that must be ap plied In dealing with rich men and poor men that is, to treat each man, whatever his color, his creed or bis so cial position, with even handed Justice on his real worth ns a man. white people owe It quite ns much to them selves as to the colored race to treat well the colored man who shows by his life that he deserves such treatment There is ho question of social equality or negro domination Involved ' In my Judgment, the crime of rape should always be punished with death, as la the case with murder. Assault with Intent to commit rape should be made a capital crime, at least in the discretion of the court, and provision should be made by which the punish ment may follow Immediately upon the heels of the offense. , No more shortsighted policy can be imagined than in the fancied interest of one class to prevent the education of another class. The white man, If he is wise, will decline to allow the negroes In a mass to grow to man hood and womanhood without educa tion. "Preachers of Mere Discontent." In dealing with both labor and cap ital, with the questions affecting both corporations and trades unions, there Is one matter more Important to re member than aught else, and that Is the Infinite harm done by preachers of mere discontent. These are the men who seek to excite a violent class ha tred against all men of wealth. They seek to turn wise and proper move ments for the better control of corpora tions and for doing away with the ouses connected with wealth into n campaign of hysterical excitement nnd falsehood in which the aim Is to in flame 'to madness the brutal passions of mankind. The sinister demagogues and foolish visionaries who are always eager to undertake such a campaign of destruction sometimes seek to as sociate themselves with those working for a genuine reform In governmental and social methods and sometimes mas- quciadj as such reformers. In reality - PRESIDENT j MESSAG they are the worst enemies of the cause they profess to advocate. Just as the purveyors of sensational slander In newspaper or magazine are the worst enemies of all men who arc engaged In an honest effort to better what Is bad In our social and governmental condi tions. Corruption Is never so rife as In com munities whero the demagogue and the agitator bear full away, because In such communities all moral bands be come loosened, and hysteria and sensa tionalism replace the spirit of sound Judgment and fair dealing as between man nnd man. In sheer revolt against the squalid anarchy thus produced men are sure In the end to turn toward any leader who can restore order, and then their relief at being free from the In tolerable burdens of class hatred, vio lence and demagogy Is such that they cannot for some time be aroused to In dignation against misdeeds by men of wealth, so that they permit a new growth of the very abuses which were In part responsible for the original out- break. The one hope for success for our people lies In a resolute and fear less but sane and cool bended advance along the path marked out last year by this very congress. There must be a stern refusal to be misled Into fol lowing either that base creature who appeals and panders to the lowest In stincts and passions In order to arouse one set of Americans against their fel lows or that other creature, equally base, but no baser, who In a spirit of greed or to accumulate or add to au already huge fortune seeks to exploit his fellow Americans with callous dis regard to their welfare of soul and body. The man who debauches others In order to obtain a high office stands on an evil equality of corruption with the man who debauches others for financial profit, and when hatred Is sown the crop -which springs rip can only be evil. The plain people who think the me chanics, fanners, merchants, workers with head or hand, the men to whom American traditions are dear, who love their country and try to act decently by their neighbors owe It to them selves to retnemlwr that the most dam nglng blow that can be glveti popular government is to elect an unworthy and sinister agitator on a platform of violence and hypocrisy. Railroad Employees' Hours. I call your attention to the need of passing the bill limiting the number of hours of employment of railroad em ployees. The measure Is a very moder ate one, nnd I can conceive of no seri ous objection to It. Indeed, so far as it is In our power. It should be our aim steadily to reduce the number of hours of labor, with ns a goal the general in troduction of au eight hour day. There are industries In which It Is not pos sible that the hours of labor should be reduced, Just as there are communi ties not far enough advanced for such a movement to be for their good, or, If in the tropics, so situated that there Is no analogy between their needs and outs In this matter. On the Isthmus of Panama, for Instance, the condi tions are In every way so different from what they are here that an eight hour day would be absurd, Just as It Is absurd, so far as the Isthmus Is con cerned, where white labor cannot be employed, to bother ns to' whether the necessary work Is done by alien black men or by alien yellow men. But the wageworkers of the United States are of so high' a grade that alike from the merely Industrial standpoint and from the civic standpoint It should be our object to do wbnt we can In the direc tion of securing the general observance of an eight hour day. Let me again urge that the congress provide for n thorough Investigation of the conditions of child labor and of the labor of women In the United States. The horrors Incident to the employment of young children In fac tories or at work anywhere are a blot on our civilization. In spite of all precautions exercised by employers there aro unavoidable ac cidents and even deaths Involved in nearly every line of business connect ed with the mechanic arts. It is a great social Injustice to compel the em ployee, or, rather, the family of the killed or disabled victim, to bear the entire burden of such an Inevitable sacrifice. In other words, society shirks its duty by laying the whole cost on the victim, whe'ens the Injury comes from what m be jailed the legiti mate risks of the trade. Compensation for accidents or deaths duo In any line of Industry to the actual conditions un der which that Industry Is carried on should be paid by that portion of the community for the benefit of which the industry Is carried on that Is, by thoso who profit by the Industry. If the entire trndo risk is placed upon the employer, he will promptly and prop erly add It to the legitimate cost of pro duction nnd assess It proportionately upon the consumers of his commodity. It Is thereforo clear to my mind that the law should place this entire "risk of a trade" upon the employer. Capital and Labor Disputes. Records show that during the twen ty years from Jan. 1. 1881, to Dec. 31, 1900, there were strikes affecting 117, D00 establishments, and 0.105.G04 em ployees were thrown out of employ ment. During the same period there were 1,003 lockouts, Involving nearly 10,000 establishments, throwing over 1,000,000 people out of employment. These strikes and lockouts Involved an estimated loss to employees of $307, 000,000 and to emplojers of $113,000, 000, a total of $ lo0.000.000. The public suffered directly nnd Indirectly prob ably as great additional loss. Mnny of these strikes and lockouts would not have occurred had the par ties to the dispute been required to appear before an miprcjudiced body representing the nation and. face to face, state the reasons tor their con tention. The exercise of a Judicial spirit by a disinterested body repre senting tho federal government, suet as would be provided by a commission on conciliation nnd arbitration, would tend to create an atmosphere of friend liness and conciliation between con tending parties. Control of Corporations. It cannot too often be repeated thai experience has conclusively shown the Impossibility of securing by the actions of nearly half a hundred different state legislatures anything but Ineffective chaos In the way of dealing with th great corporations which do not oper ate exclusively within the limits ol any one state. In some method, wheth er by a national license law or In othei fashion, we must exercise, and that al an early date, a far more complete control than at present over these greal corporations a control that will, among other things, prevent the evils of ex cessive overcapitalization and that wlli compel the disclosure by each big cor poratiou of Its stockholders and of Its properties and business, whether own ed directly or through subsidiary oi affiliated corporations. This will tend to put n stop to the securing of Inor dinate profits by favored Individuals at the expense whether of the general public, the stockholders or the wage workers. Oflr effost should be not se much to prevent consolidation as such but so to supervise and control It ns to see that It results In no barm to the people. Combination of capital, like comblua tlon of labor, Is a necessary element ol our present Industrial system. It It not possible completely to prevent it, and If It were possible such complete prevention would do damage to the body politic. What we need is not vainly to try to prevent all combina tion, but to secure such rigorous and adequate control and supervision of the combinations as to prevent .theli injuring the public or existing In such form as Inevitably to threaten Injury, for the mere fact that a combination has secured practically complete con trol of a necessary of life would uudei any circumstances show that such combination was to be presumed to be adverse to the public interest. It is unfortunate that our present laws should forbid all combinations instead of sharply discriminating between those combinations which do good and those combinations which do evil. Re bates, for Instance, are as often due to the pressure of big shippers (as was shown in the Investigation of the Standard Oil company and as has been shown since by the Investigation of the tobacej nud sugar trusts) as to the Initiative of big railroads. Often rail roads would like to combine for the purpose of preventing a big shipper from maintaining Improper advantages at the expense of small shippers and of the general public. Such a combina tion, Instead of being forbidden by law, should be favored. In other words, it should be permitted to railroads to make agreements, provided these agree ments were sanctioned by the inter state commerce commission and were published. With these two conditions complied with it is impossible to see what harm such a combination could do to the public at large. Inheritance and Income Tax. The national government has long derived its chief revenue from a tariff on imports and from an internal or ex cise tax. Iu addition to these, there is every reason why, when next our sys tem of taxation Is revised, the national government should Impose a graduated Inheritance tax and. If possible, a grad uated Income tax. I am well aware that such a subject as this needs long and careful study In order that the people may become fa miliar with what is proposed to be done, may clearly see the necessity of proceeding with wisdom and self re straint and may make up their minds Just how far they are willing to go In the matter, while only trained legisla tors can work out the project in neces sary detail. But I feel that Iu tho nenr future our national legislators should enact a law providing for a graduated inheritance tax by which a steadily In creasing rate of duty should be put upon all moneys or other valuables coming by gift, bequest or devise to any Individual or corporation. There can be no question of the ethical pro priety of tho government thus deter mining the conditions upon which any gift or Inheritance should be received. As the law now stands it is undoubt edly difficult to devise a national In come tax which shall be constitutional. But whether It Is absolutely Impossible Is another question, and if possible It Is most certnlnly desirable. The first purely Income tax law was passed by the congress In 1801, but tho most Im portant luw dealing with the subject was that of 1804. This the court held j to be unconstitutional. The question is undoubtedly very In tricate, delicate and troublesome. The decision of the court was only reached by one majority. It Is tho law of the laud nnd of course Is accepted as such and loyally obeyed by all good citizens. Nevertheless tho hesitation evidently felt by tho court ns a whole In coming to a conclusion, when considered to gether with previous decisions on tha subject, may perhnps Indicate the pos sibility of devising a constitutional ln como tnx law which shall substantially accomplish the results aimed lit. The difficulty of amending the constitution Is so great that only real necessity can Justify n resort thereto. Every effort should be made In dealing with this subject, as with the subject of the proper control by the national govern ment over the use of corporate wealth in Interstate business, to devise legis lation which without such action shall attain the desired end, but If this falls there will ultimately be no alternative to a constitutional amendment. Industrial Training. Our Industrial development depends largely upon tee ,nM education, In cluding In this term all Industrial edu cation, from that which fits a man to be a good mechanic, a good carpenter or blacksmith to that which fits a man to do the greatest engineering feat. Tie skilled mechanic, the skilled work mnn, can best become such by tech nical Industrial education. The far reaching usefulness of Institutes of technology and schools of mines or of engineering Is now universally ac knowledged, and no less far reaching is the effect of a good building or me chanical trndes school, a textile or watchmaking or engraving school. In every possible way we should help the wageworker who tolls with his hands nnd who must (we hope In a constantly Increasing measure) nlso toll with his brnln. Under the constitu tion the nntlonal legislature can do but little of direct Importance for his wel fare snve where he is engaged In work which permits It to net under the In terstate commerce clause of the consti tution, and this Is one reason why I so earnestly hope that both the legis lative nnd Judicial branches of the gov- eminent will construe this clause of the constitution in the broadest possi ble manner. The Farmer. The only other persons whose wel fare is as vital to the welfare of the whole country ns Is the welfare of the wageworkers are the tillers of the soli. the farmers. Several factors must co-operate In the improvement of the farmer's con dltlon. He must have the chance to be educated In the widest possible sense, In the sense which keeps ever In view the intimate relationship between the theory of education nnd the facts of life. Organization has become necessary In the business world, and it has ac complished much for good In the world of labor. It is no loss necessary for farmers. Such a movement as the grange movement is good In Itself and is capable of a well nigh Infinite fur ther extension for good bo long ns it Is kept to its own legitimate business, The benefits to be derived by the as sociation of farmers for mutual ad vantage are partly economic and part ly sociological. Irrigation and Forest Preservation. Much is now being done for the states of the Rocky mountains and great plains through the development of the national policy of Irrigation and forest preservation. No government policy for the betterment of our Inter nal conditions has been more fruitful of good than this. Divorce Lesrlslatlon, I am well aware of how difficult it is to pass a constitutional amendment. Nevertheless, In my judgment, the whole question of marriage and di vorce should be relegated to the au thority of the national congress. The change would be good from every standpoint. In particular It would be good because It would confer on the congress the power at once to deal radically and efficiently with polygamy, and this should be done whether or not marriage and divorce are dealt with. It Is neither safe nor proper to leave the question of polygamy to be dealt with by the several states. Merchant Marine. Let me once again call the attention of the congress to two subjects con cerning which I have frequently be fore communicated with them. One Is the question of 'developing American shipping. I trust that a law embody ing In substance the views or a major part of the views expressed In the re port on this subject laid before the house at Its last session will be passed. It seems to me that the proposed meas ure Is as nearly unobjectionable as any can be. The Currency. I especially call your nttentlon to the second subject, tho condition of our currency laws. The national bank act has ably served a great purpose In aid ing the enormous business develop ment of the country, and within ten years thore has been an Increase In circulation per capita from $21.41 to $33.08. For several years evidence has been accumulating that additional leg islation Is needed. The recurrence of each crop season emphasizes the de fects of the present laws. There must soon be "a revision of them, because to leave them as they are means to In cur liability of business disaster. Since your body adjourned there has been a fluctuation In the Interest on cnll money from 2 per cent to 30 per cent. and the fluctuation was even greater during tho preceding six months. The secretary of the treasury hud to step In and by wise action put a stop to the most violent period of oscillation. I do not press any especial plan. Va rious plans have recently been pro posed by expert committees of bank ers. Among the plans which are possi bly fensiblo and which certainly should receive your consideration is that re peatedly brought to your attention by tho present secretary of tho treasury, the essential features of which have been approved by many prominent bankers and business men. According to this plan, national banks should be permitted to Issuo a specified' propor tion of their cnpltal In notes of a given kind, tho Issue to be tnxed at so high a rate as to drive tho notes back when not wanted In legitimate trade. This plan would not penult tho Issue of currency to give banks additional prof Its, but to meet the emergency present ed by times of stringency. I do not say that this Is the right sys tem. I only advnuco It to emphasize my bellt?f that there Is need for the adoption of some system which shall bo nutornatlc and open to all sound banks sa ns to avoid all possibility of discrimination nnd favoritism. Tho law should be amended so r.s specifically to provide that the funds derived from customs duties may be treated by the secretary of the treui- ury as he treats funds obtained under tin Internal revenue laws. There should bo a considerable Increase in bills of small denominations. Permis sion should be given banks, If necessa ry under settled restrictions, to retire their circulation to a larger amount than three millions a month. Our Outlying Possessions. I most earnestly hope that the bill to provide a lower tariff for or else abso lute free trade in Philippine products will become a law. No harm will come to any American Industry, and, while there will be some small but real mate rial benefit to the Filipinos, the main benefit will come by the showing made as to our purpose to do all In our power for their welfare. Forto Rican Affairs. American citizenship should be con ferred on the citizens of Porto Rico. The harbor of San Junn, In Porto Rico, should be dredged and Improved. The expenses of the federal court of Porto Rico should be met from the federal treasury. Hawaii. The needs of Hawaii are peculiar. Every aid should be given the Islands, and our efforts should be unceasing to develop them along the lines of a com munity of small freeholders, not of great planters with cooly tilled es tates. Alaska. Alaska's needs have been partially met, but there must be a complete re organization of the governmental sys tem, as I have before Indicated to you, I nsk your especial attention to this, Our fellow citizens who dwell on the shores of Pugct sound with character istic energy are arranging to hold in Seattle the Alasku-Yukon-Paclflc ex position. This exposition In Its pur poses and scope Bhould appeal not only to the people of the rneltlc slope, but to the people of the United States at large. Rlsxbts of Aliens. Not only must we treat all nations fairly, but we must treat with Justice and good will all Immigrants who come here under the law. Whether they are Catholic or Protestant, Jew or gentile, whether they come from England or Germany. Russia, Japan or Italy, mat ters nothing. All we have a right to question is the man's conduct. If he is honest and upright In his dealings with his neighbor and with the state, then he is entitled to respect and good treatment. Especially do we need to remember our duty to the stranger within our gates. It Is the sure mark of a low civilization, a low morality, to abuse or discriminate against or In any way humiliate such stranger who has come here lawfully nud who Is con ducting himself properly. To remem ber this Is incumbent on every Amer ican citizen, and It Is of course pecul iarly Incumbent on every government official, whether of the nation or of tho several states. I am prompted to say this by the attitude of hostility here and there as sumed toward tho Japanese in this country. This hostility is sporadic and is limited to a very few places. Never theless It Is most discreditable to us as a people, and It may be fraught with the gravest consequences to the nation. I ask fair treatment for the Japanese as I would ask fair treatment for Ger mans or Englishmen, Frenchmen, Rus- slnns or Italians. I nsk It as duo to humanity and civilization. I ask It ns due to ourselves, because we must act uprightly toward all men. I recom mend to the congress that an act be passed specifically providing for tho naturalization of Japanese who come here Intending to become American cit izens. One of the great embarrass ments attending the performance of our international obligations Is the fact that the statutes of the United States are entirely inadequate. They fail to give to the national government sufficiently ample power, through Unit ed States counts and by the use of tho army and navy, to protect aliens In th rights secured to them under solemn trentles which are tho law of the luud. I therefore earnestly recommend that the criminal and civil statutes of the United States be so amended and add ed to as to enable the president, nctlng for the United States government, which Is responsible In our interna tional relations, to enforce the rights of aliens under treaties. The Cuban Matter. Last August an Insurrection broke out In Cuba which It speedily grew evi dent that the existing Cuban govern ment .was powerless to quell. Thanks to tho preparedness of our navy, I was able Immediately to send enough ships to Cuba to prevent the sltuutlon from becoming hopeless, and I fur thermore dispatched to Cuba tho sec retary of war aud tho assistant secre tary of state In order that they might gropplo with the situation on tho ground. Iu accordance with the so called riatt ninendment, which was embod ied in the constitution of Cuba, I there upon proclaimed n provisional govern ment for tho Island, the secretary of war acting ns provisional governor un til he could be replaced by Mr. Ma goon, the late minister to I'aunmn and gov ernor of the canal zone on the Isthmus. Troops were sent to support them aud to relieve the navy, the expedition be ing handled with most satisfactory Rpeed and chVleney. Pence has come In the Island, and the harvesting of the sugar cane crop, the great crop of tho Island, Is about to proceed. When the election has been held and the new government Inaugurated In peaceful nnd orderly fashion the provisional government will come to au end. The United States wishes nothing of Cnba except that It shall prosper mor ally and materially nud wishes nothing of tho Cubans save that they shall be able to preserve order among them- , selves and therefore to preserve their Independence. If the elections become a farce nnd if tho insurrectionary habit becomes confirmed on the island it Is absolutely out of the question that the island should continue Independent, and the United States, which has as sumed the sponsorship before the civ ilized world for Cuba's career as a na tion, would again have to intervene and to see that the government was managed in such orderly fashion as to secure the safety of life and property. The Rio Conference. The second International conference of American republics, held In Mexi co In the years 1901-02, provided for the holding of the third conference within five years and committed the fixing of the time and pluce and the arrangements for the conference to the governing board of the bureau of American republics, composed of the representatives of all the American nations In Washington. That board discharged the duty Imposed upon It with marked fidelity and pains taking care, and . upon the courteous Invitation of the United States of Bra zil the conference was held at Rio de Janeiro, continuing, from the 23d of July to the 20th of August last. Many subjects of common Interest to all the American nations were discussed by the conference, nnd the conclusions reached, embodied In a scries of reso lutions and proposed conventions, will be laid before you upon the coming of the final report of the American dele gates. Panama Trip. I have Just returned from a trip to Panama and shall report to yon at length Inter on the whole subject of the Panama canal. The Alo-eclras Convention. The Algeclrns convention, which was signed by the United States as well as .' by most of tho powers of Europe, su persedes the previous convention of 1SS0, which was also signed both by the United States aud a majority of tho European powers. This treaty confers upon us equal commercial rights with nil Europonn countries and does not entnll a single obligation of nny kind upon us, and I earnestly hope It may be speedily ratified. Sealing. The destruction of the Pribllof is land fur seals by pelagic sealing still continues. The herd, which, according to the surve y made In 1874 by direc tion of the congress, numbered 4,700, 000, nnd which, according to the sur vey of both American and Canadian commissioners In 1891, nmounted to 1,000,000, has now been reduced to about 180.000. This result has been brought about by Canadian and some other sealing vessels killing the female seals while In the water during tbelr annual pilgrimage to and from the south or In search of food. The process of destruction has been accelerated during recent years by the appearance of a number of Japanese vessels engaged In pelagic scaling. Suitable representations regarding the Incident have been made to the government of Japan, and we are as sured that all practicable measures will be taken by that country to prevent any recurrence of the outrage. We have not relaxed our efforts to secure an agreement with Great Brit ain for adequate protection of the Beat herd, and negotiations with Japan for the same purpose are In progress. The laws for the protection of the seals within tho jurisdiction of the United States need revision and amendment. , Second Ilairne Conference. In my last message I advised you that the emperor of Russia had taken . the Initiative In bringing about a sec ond peace conference at The Hague. Umlor tho guidance of Russia the ar rangement of the preliminaries for Riich a conference has been progressing during tho past year. Progress has necessarily been slow, owing to tho great number of countries to be con sulted upon every question that has arisen. It Is a mutter of satisfaction that all of the American republics have now, for the first time, been Invited to join In the proposed conference. Army and Navy. It must ever be kept In mind that war 13 not merely justifiable, but Im perative upon honorable men, upon an honorable nation, where peace can only be obtained by the Bucrlflce of conscientious conviction or of national welfare. Tho United States navy Is the surest guarantor of pence which this country possesses. I do not ask that we con tiuuo to Increase our navy. I ask merely that it be maintained at Its present strength, and this car, be done ouly If we replace tho obsolete aud out worn ships by new and good ones, the equals of any afloat In any navy. To Hop building ships for one year means that for that year the navy goes back Instead of forward. In both tho army and tho navy there- Is urgent need that everything possible should be done to maintain the hlgheat standard for the personnel alike as re gards tho otlicers and the enlisted men. I do not believe that In any service there Is a finer body of enlisted men and of Junior otlicers than we have In both the army and the navy. Including the murine corps. West Point and Annapolis already turn out excellent otlicers. We do not need to have these schools made more scholastic. On tho contrary, we should never lose sight of the fact that tho aim of each school Is to turn out a man who shall be above everything else a fighting man. There should soon bo an Increase In the number of men for our coast de fenses. These men should be of the Ight typo and properly trained, and there should therefore be au luercuse f pay for certain skilled grades, espe- iully hi the const artillery. Money should he appropriated to penult trooiw to be massed In body and exercised In maneuvers, particularly Iu marching.