Newspaper Page Text
ifcV-'ABV ' 1
Tnnr.oSw.ji stov t,i- United States,
..KonitoVKKT, AND IX ITS
. - SEPT. 2, I8S7.
f : XJio oyjtfc'rVJvrlct'S - its appear
unco this-Veijk Jeratly eularged
" tind improved, in''manuer 'Letter caK
cuUt$..fynictt tbe increased demand
t?pon' ltsfcolato-ns. For nearly forty
foufSrears, iff; jias been a household
xss.' : ' i . . e i.vi v
and lta.ncighbor, and while sustained
.Y$J: approbation and God speed of
W-."- " I '
" mined to still further reader it au ab-
n iiitt! necessity-to all.
-' e i'i
i it'in .-nif iuu oi our rauuuiii fi-
istenco. ibiitts.been our constant aim
ouil endeavor to render the paper v.'or-
'tjiy-ot the phee and community in
. wVi'relt it'has its existence, and if rmir-;-k".iteS
ftteces.s Lrs not attended our ef--.forts
in-the past, wo can only regret
4jwcd energy and zeal in the future.
ffratiy ciieurustanes?, it v.-i 1 1 bo
in 1 impceslble to control a newspa-
lt to suit the varied whims and no
tions of its readers; this we-have not
endeavored to do. but, guided by a
tioiipv in mir nmn nn nrsr. pa pm ir.-ui
f J 1 " 1 " '
to .promote the moral, material and
political condition of our people, we
liavn steadily pursued that course, un
influenced by ''fear, favor or afiaction ;
reward or hope of reward."
Tha era in which wo now move and
nave our being, is a strangely troubled
ey requiring the combined wisdom of
iiii to t-ucecs.Muiiy e&c:ipti iuu numerous
n i ! n - - i
auiclcsandH and dangers surrounding
war political future, with honor to our
selves and a due npnreciation of the
duties and obligations imposed on us
by the unparrclied changes of the past
"Though overwhelmed and crushed
.for the time being by the force of cir
cumstances, we yet regard the South
as the polar star of our existence, and
in so far a devotion to her interests
:aud well being is concerned, we arc yet
warmly, intensely Southern, and to her
tittVttUOu n o ill uui lesuui jjiuouuh; a;ju
, ' f 1 L 1
impovcrislied condition, we are willing
to devote our time and talents ; and to
the accomplishment of this desirable
end has been devoted our cfiWts du
ring the past year of uncertainty and
doilt; with vhat success time only
Cur effort.? in this matter will not be
relaxed in the future, and while the
jvivilcge of a free press is vouchsafed
.-usj.-we shII bojdly and unhesitatingly
advocate or condemn the measures,
act3 and intentions of the powers that
bo with the sole motive of advantage
to our particular portion of the coun
try. In theDther departments of the pa
per, it s$!l be our aim as heretofore
htructive, and wl.ilo laying before cur
readers the general ncw3 of the day,
particular attention v.ill bo paid to the
local department, with the earnest hope
to aid somewhat iu the improvement
and suaooss of our town, county and
State. To this belongs our first and
foremost attention, for in this are we
ail more directly and, vitally interest
ed. AVe huve seldom taken advantage of
otsrjeportunitics, to press the claims
of the Southerner upon the public at
barge, neither do we intend to do so
now, preferring to let the paper speak
for itself, rather than by repeated lau
dations of our owa exertions, to merit
the charge of egotism and vanity, but
we feel at least justified in recommend
ing its columns to all business meu,
when we challenge comparison of sub
scription lists with any similar paper,
and remembering its circulation ex
tends through many of the wealthiest
:nid most productive counties of the
To cur cotemnoraries we still extend
the right hand of fellowship, and trust
the pleasant relations now existing be
tween us, may be neither marred nor
disturbed in the f iture.
Lanartant Diiisioa c." Ju Jjre Fowie.
" At Martin Superior Court, before
IriJ Honor Judge Fr.vle, as the grand
hivv were about to be drawn, Tlenry
A. Gilliam, Esq. .acting for the Attor
ney General, challenged the array, up-.
outhe ground that the jury had uot
Loon 'drawn" by the County Court, at
its. regular term, a3 required by law..
The challenge was allowed, by the
Court, the venire discharged, and the
Sheriff directed to proceed forthwith
i:nder section 27th, chapter 31st,
llevisedCodo, to obtain a jury.
"Whereupon, the Sherilf, the Clerk of
the County Court, and the three Jus
tiejs of the Peace, who had been sel
ected to assist in drawing the jury.
, ibq nested the Court to instruct them
to thoir duty in regard to placing
persons of color ou the entr!,:whoso
had been j laced in the jury box
. iinPA i ( I III H. IN A.
classes, 1st, white men; 2nd, free per
son? of color; 3rd, slaves.
That the third class were excluded
from the jury box because they were
That the second class, were excluded,
because; under the theory of slavery,
person of color was prima facia a slave,
and that as, every freeinau was entitled
to be tried by bis peers, the free per
son of color, against whom the law
raised the presumption of slavery, was
not regarded as the legal peer of the
white man. That the constitution and
laws of the State, never, by express
enactment, excluded a colored man
from serving on the jury, when he
possessed the qualifications required,
and that his exclusion was owing to
this construction, as to the legal pares.
and this construction was the ueces
sary result, of the institution of slavery.
This is so, else lleuderson, Gaston
and the other fathers of the law iu
North Carolina, excluded for a long
series of years, free persons of color
from the jury box, through mere
inattention or omission, which is not
for a moment to be considered.
Iu 18G3, the Convention of North
Carolina abolished the institution of
slavery, and all nen were declared
freemen. It followed as a uccessary
sequence, that, as soon as tlto institu
tion (out of which this construction
grew) was abolished, when there were
no wordsof exclusibu iu the constitution
or laws, free persons of color became
entitled to all the rights which were
iacident to freemen. One of these
rights was to serve upon juries, when
The colored man, therefore, i? en
titled to have his name placed upon
the jury list, whenever he possesses the
qualifications required by law, and you
will be sustained by the law, in sum
moning jurors, who are freeholders,
regardless of color.'
We must confess our inability to
see the force or appropriateuessof this
decision at the present time, and only
look for increased and continued con
fusion to result from its operations.
In many of the ecu-ties no action had
been taken in regard to revising the
jury lists, in accordance with General
Order No. 32, and, of course, under
the last order of Gen. Sickles, they
would have been entitled to a full
panel of white persous, at least for the
Fall; Tcrms) ad it may be for an in
definite period, since the removal of
General Sickles ; but byhis decision
everything is again upset. If the de
cision of Judge Fowle be law, thou the
jury boxes of all the counties that
have not yet acted under General Or
der No. 32, must be revised, as they do
nfft cotitain the 'mimes of all that ire
entitled to sit upon the jury, and the
reason of their exclusion has not been
the want of mental or moral qualifica
tions, but solely color. The present
jury boxes have been filled by means
of illegal discriminations (this decision
being law) and as a consequence, the
whole must be illegal. If this be true
there is no legal jury list in most of
the counties, and none can be made
until the regular terms of the County
Apart from this inconvenience, the
decision itself, and the fallacious reas
oning resorted to to sustain it, will
scarcely meet the approval of correct,
upright lawyers. Our Judges under
the pressure, may falter and sustain
Can it be that for two years they
have silently acquiesced in the illegal
exclusion of negroes from the jury box,
and only pronounced the law when im
pelled by the demands of a military or
der ? Alas ! that all the surroundings
considered, it is so suggestive of an at
tempt to quiet the conscience when
troubled by a faint recollection of the
words "And in case any letter or or
ders come to me contrary to law, I
will proceed to enforce the law, such
letters or orders notwithstanding."
Tb9..Vpf entity. .
If the Trustees of this Institution
have taken the paius to read all the
communications, suggestions and hints
appearing in some of our contempora
ries for the past few weeks, relative to
their duties and the proper way of re
storing it to its former pristine glory,
they have surely lacked no material
upon which to work at their recent
meeting in Raleigh.
"We havo refraiucd from touching
this, subject, aud though feeling the
deepest interest in the success and
welfare of our Alma Mater, have prefer
red to place the entire disposal of the
question unhesitatingly in the hands
of the Trustees, a body presenting the
names aud influence of some of' the
ablest minds in North Carolina.
Many of our readers will regret to
hear cjf the gradual, decline of this
on.ee proud boast of the State, and nat
urally seek for reasons in this case,
while other similar Institutions have
quickly. rallied from the effects of the
! war and show prosperity superior to
that attained in days gone by. Yv"e
hope the aiction taken by the Trustees
may hjjWthe effect decked. .
His Excellency, Gov. Worth, Presi
dent ex rjficio, Hons. D. L. -Swain,
Thomas IlufSn, Sr., .Win. A. Graham,
Thomas Bragg, Charles Manly, W. II.
Battle, D M. Barringer, S. F. Phillips
and Thomas Settle, and P. C. Came
ron, K. P. Battle, W. L. Steele, M.
McGehce, F. C. Shober and Scaton
The necessities and general condi.
tion of the Institution were ably and
searchingly discussed, and a variety
of opinions expressed as to the best
mode of extricating it fiom its 'difficul
ties and accommodating it to the de
mands of the times. . An earnest aud
patriotic spirit was evinced to restore
it to the high standard of its former
usefulness and success, and to rescue
the State and her people from the just
odium that would attach to this great
light being allowed to die out aud
The Treasurer, Gov, Manly, gave a
lengthy and detailed account of the
financial history of the University, from
which it appeared conclusively that
the p re-ent exigency was not the result
pf any mal-administratiou or malfeas
ance, but simply and solely of the
State aud the common calamities which
have wrecked the fortunes of other
corporations, of individuals, aud of the
State itself. He stated, however, and
the statement was corroborated by the
testimony of President Swain, in an
interesting sketch of his connection
and experience with , the University,
that the Institutiou had seen days
equally as dark as the present, from
which, by means of earuest, practical
effort, it had emerged. We hope that
the action of the Trustees, at their late
meeting, has been initiatory to such
measures as promiso as auspicious re
sults iu the immediate future.
The resignations of all the members
of the Faculty, that are now oq duty
at Chapel II ill, were tendered, -these
gentlemen desiring to relieve the Board
from all cmharassuieat and delicacy iu
A series of resolutions were adopted,
providing for the appointment of a
Committee of five Trustees to revise
the entire systemof instruction, and
report such changes as may be deemed
necessary, having an cj e to the sub
stitution of the Uuivcrsicy or elective
plan; which Committee is to report at
the annual meeting of the Board in
December. Also, accepting the re
signations of the President aud the
members of the Faculty, with a view
to untrammelled selections hereafter,
such resignations to take effect from
and after "said annual meeting; and
expressing a high sense of their former
services aud usefulness. Also, provid
ing that proposals for filling the Pro
fessorships, &c., shall be invited until
that time. And, finally, directing that
active appeals shall at once bo made to
the alumni and friends oi the Universi
ty, iu and out of the State, to come to
Messrs. W. A. Graham, S. F. Phil
lips, Thos, S. Ashe, Thomas Settle and
K. 1'. Battle were appointed said Com
mittee. Tlie Si-ss 1 Use Times',
The Washington iSiarot' Wednes
day afternoon, has the following edi
torial article. Being one of the organs
of the Kadii-al party, it plainly indi
cates tlie course of the Radical majori
ty in Congress at the approaching ses
sion: An impression is prevailing every
where in Maryland, that tlie President
ispieaaring to declare maitial law
throughout, the United St ites, and pre
vent the assembling of Congnsi in
November next by force of arms. It
has its origin in the alleged views of
the Hon. Jeremiah Black, who is
credited here with having urged upon
Mr. Johnson the propriety of resist
ing impeachment, if initiated by the
House, by declaring it a revolutionary
incisure, and protecting himself against
it by the use of the army to that eud.
We seo no aeascu to doubt the truth
of the advice of that very enthusiastic
and cxtrimc gentleman. Mr. Black.
Yet we have no fear that the
dent will so lack common sense as to
accept it, as singular things as he is
doing. The fall elections will show
him the futility of Mr. Black's antiei
pation of a popular revolution against
the Congressional policy, on which all
his reaetory plans hinge. Mr. Fern
ando Wood reached Washington this
morning, probably to-" aid Messrs.
Black and Montgomery Blair in fixing
Up the President's scheme to the end
of strentheuing the Democratic party
in the approaching elections. Appro
2-os of the scheme alleged of the Presi
dent to squelch Congress by force of
arms: Ever returned rebel in 'Mary
land is eagerly anticipating a call from
Mr. Johnson to aid him in that work,
which said call will never be made, we
feel assured. The supportess of Mr.
Johnson's new policy in. this city
confidently expGct Mr. Black to be the
new Secretary of State, and Mr. Blair
to have some cabinet position, they
are working manfully to secure the
Postmaster Gou-eralship for Col. Ward
li. Lamon, Mr. Black s law partner.
If the present Cabinet be bowed out
by Mr. Johnson, we think, Col. Lamon
evidently law at the White House just
now. Lamon is an exceedingly clever
fellow, as well as remarkably popular
with all clever fellows in Washington.
None here will regreat his apparent
"ood fortund, except his real friends,
who know well that Congres
be a day in "reconstru
Cabincf by summarily 'ejecting all
;h nominations msWe under tne
3 of Messrs. Lyack and Blair.
iet resign, the Sen-
t resignation as hav-
tiass the euds of
tne WVWgtcr CX -
Railroad Rltetiuj. ;
Pursuant to a previous notice, there
was meeting held at Palmyra, Halifax
county, N. C., for the purpose of tak
ing into consideration the propriety of
the extension of the Taroboro Branch
of the Yilmington & Yreldoa Rail
Road to Hill's Ferry.
On motion, Mr. Henry B. Whit
more, of Halifax county, was called t.c
t he chair. J
Maj. William L. Broadie, of Bertie
county, was requested to act as Secre
tary. The Chairman having briefly stated
the object of the meeting,
Mr. Thos. Jones, of Martin County,
being present, was called upon to ad
dress the meeting, lie did so in a
very able and graphic manner, giving
a lucid description of the situation of
the country showing the many advan
tages to be derived from the Road.
He stated that the Road Would pass
through a very level country where
there would be no grading or trestle-
work. The lauds over which it would
pass arc well set with the finest kind of
timber, suitable for building the road,
which the owners propose to give for
the benefit which they expect to derive
from the Road. The distance, by a
recent partial survey would not much
exceed ten miles, if" at all.
If there is a connection maxle in the
Tai boro' branch, there would be
need of any additional rolling stcefc,
as the present traius on the Tarboro'
road would be amply sufficient to ans
wer every purpose. It would not re
quire more than thirty minutes for the
train to run from the present terminus
of the Tarboro road through to II ill's
Ferry, aud not more than one hour
and a half from Rocky Mouut to Hill's
Ferry. It would be no inconvenience
to the Tarboro road to run the train
through to Hill's Ferry, as it would be
lying idle iu Tarboro. It Avould add
materially to the interest of the Tarboro'
road, by making it joint stock property,
as a large portion of the produce "from
the interior of the State wouldfind its
way to Norfolk through this channel.
Norfolk is destined to be oue of the
great emporiums of the South. She
has one of the finest harbors in the
world. The largest ships of the line
can float with perfect s.-.fety upon the
bosom of her .bay. Slu has remained
dormant forever half:: century, but w
now besoming aroused to the sense of
her interests, having established a;llno
of steamers to run reg ilarly every
month to Liverpool, and, as a matter
of course, will not only be the great
mart for our products, but will soou be
a large importing pert, where our
merchants can supply themselves with
all such goods, wares aud merchandise,
as may be needed for our supplies, with
out haviug to go to the city of New
York, and incurring all the trouble and
incidental expenses which necessarily
accrue iu the way of travel
insurance, re shipping, kc.
Mr. Jones read a letter to tlie meet
ing from Hon. William L Oswald, of
Noilolk, Ya., in which he agrees to
render ail the assistance in his power
to expedite the matter, and place upon
the route as many steamers and barges
as may be required, at his own expense.
The steamers will leave regularly o.i
arrival of the trains, touching at
Hamilton, Wiliramston, Jameavillc'.
Plymouth, aud F.dcnton. The barges
will leave, as soon as they can be load-ed-for
Norfolk. Therefore, our pro
duce, as f-oon as put upon the barges,
will go immediately through to Nor:
folk, without any re shipping or delay.
We are all well aware of the great dam
age our cotton receives by lying on the
Railroad or river, being handled so of
ten, exposed to the weather, and the
necessary expenses of putting it into
merchantable order. His impresiou
was that, by the present charter of the
Tarboro' road, they can extend it to
Hill's Ferry. But if they cannot, ap
plication should be made immediately to
our State Legislature, when it meets, for
an extension of tho chaiter. By the
extensiou of the road and establishing a
line of steamers, it would materially en
hance the interest of the farmers c.'i
either side of Roauoke river. The cost
of the road would not, in his opinio:),
much exceed fifty , thousand doliaj.
which amount bethinks can be eJstty
raised by those directly interested in it.
It is to bo hoped tnat Norfolk Will
t ike libe: a'iy the stock, as these wludo
so may expect a liberal patronage from
this section of country, lie cannot
conceive how the President of the Tar
boro' road should have been so bliiid to
his own interest, and that of the Stock
holders, as not to have urged the exten
sion before now. The road, at 'jreseuf,
terminates in the interior of the coun
try, without any outlet at its terminus.
He is satisfied that there is no read in
this or any other State of this Union,
extendimr the eame diotance, atso little
cost, that has more promoted the inters
est of the people of the surrounding
country than this would. He is satis
fied that the movers of this enterprise
arc not actuated by any disposition to
prejudice any ether road, for the more
roads we have passing through tho
country, the better for the people.
After closing his remarks, on fuott&n
of Mr. L. L. Savage, a Committee of
five was appointed to draft resolutions,
expressive of the sense of the meeting.
The chair thereupon proceeded to
appoint the following gentlemen, viz :
Mr. Thos. Jonee, of Mar tain County;
Mr. A. P. Ilyman; Halifax; Mr. G. 11.
Gregory, Martin; Mr. L. L. Savage,
Halifax; Mr. Chas. C. Sheild, Halifax.
After retiring a few moments, the
Committee returned aud made the fol
lowing report :
Yv'hereas, We, the citizens of
Palmyra and its vicinity, deem it high
ly important for the promotion of our
own interest, and that of the people of
the surrounding country, that there
should be an extension of the Tarboro
road from its present terminus to Hill's
Ferry, llicrcfore, be it
Resolved,- That a Committee of five
be appointed to wait upon Mr. It. R.
Bridgcrs, the President of theTacboro,'
road, and know whether such a ptcrjeet
will meet his approbation, and whether
the road can be extended under the
present charter. '
. Resolved, That if the project meets
with hia approbation, and the extension
of the road cannot be made under Whe
the present charter, a meeting be held
at this dace for the Durcose of arm oint-
i x i a. r r
1 trier a fV.mmiftfln tn Arafja tWTfl..
gtatc Lezblature VTiyD a cliartcr
A cxtent'on of the road. "
Resolved, That thiproject is not for
the purposo fcf fleeting VvriV other
road, but that we firmly belTCtetbat
do road in the country of the same " dis
tance and cost would rebound so much
to the interest of the people as this
On motion of Mr, John L. Baker,
Resolved, That a standing commitee of
five be appointed to wait upon Mr. Brid
gers and also receive any communica
tion in regard to this enterprise, and to
call ant her meeting at such time as
they may deem expedient.
The chair proceeded to appoint the
following gentlemen as the committee,
Mr. Thomas Jones, of Martin county;
Maj. William L. Broadie, of Bertie;
Messrs. Kenneth Thigpen, Edgecombe;
L. L. Savage, and Johu L. Baker, Hali
fax. On motion of Mr. Samuel Ilyman,
sr., the name of the chirman was added
to the committee.
On motion of Mr. William R. Leg",
gett, sr., a resolution of thanks was pas
sed by the meeting, tendering their
thanks to Hon. Wm L. Oswald, of Nor
folk, for his very liberal offer to aid us
in carrying iuto effect this great enter
prise. On motion of Mr. A. P. Ilyman, the
meeting adjourned to meet at this place,
At such time as the committee may
H. B. WHITEMORE, Ch'm.
William L. Buoadik, Sec'vy.
Greanyil, N, C, Aug. 27, 'G7
3Ii deer Edditcr : I hav long bin
a reder u v yore eksellent paper a,u I think
it, oukwestchunably, uv hi littcrra
ry karakter polittickly an soshally.
It is a paper, throu hooz kollums, evry
transakshun of anny importance in the
Stait, shud be maid uoan too the pub
lik. I doo not aspire to faim in this
kommunikashun, postivly, I doo not,
but meerly wish too let world at large
know that, as a people, we are not yet
This haz bin a eventful da in the
annals uv ole Grcauvil's History. It
vuz the beginnin uv Rcgistrashun.
The rai3 uv the sun wuz hid by the
mass uv kloud which hung belo it, an
the bevvy shadder that wuz reflektid
l'vuui the siiioin faisez uv the kongre
.ale'd kandidatcs fur rcgist a hun, orl
moste threttend dittrukshun too dalite.
1'or oil that, the bizness progressed
fiiely, an at fore okluk the krouded
room (in the Koart IIous) wuz korld
too "rdL-r an kandid-ites nominated for
tlie Stait Konvenshun. Mr. Lafliu, a
thin visaged, nockneed gentlemau, a
tipe uv thoes delitefully ceksqizite Ar
rizonians, hooz picters we sumtiines
sea iu the bakpart uv Harper's Maga
zine, wuz then interdoosed too the or
dyaus an he addrest .them in his oan
pekoolar stile. He sed a good eal, but
mostly from strips of print which he
had kut out uv
perodikals. lie sed trater3 ort too
made too take a back
seto in tn
uv retonstrukshuu ; that tha waz not
entitled too vote anny more'n forren
ncrs. lie sed he was piissonal'y ac
kwaintcd (aud he dwelt on this with
moddist pleasure) with 5 uv the mem
bers uv the U. S. Kongriss (an 1
hek've the f!ler4nz luv too no grate
men, judgin from his kontinualhanker
ing after me) an that ho t-poke fur them
when he sed that tha wuz doin the
best fur the South ; (I lid ny koun
tuans in my sieve an trailed ''ordably)
that tha wuz kontinua'ly tryin too en
franchise the disfranchised 1 (I side
and shode sum sines uv pit ty, tlut he
shud hav bin so onmercifully doopd.)
He sed that justis wuz the thick loan's,
an that he must hav it ; that the kourts
wuz ever open too their cry. (Ap
plorz.) That tha wuz 011 equal futtin
with the whito man ; that the white
man ort too give up his prejudices an
sfan with them side by side in the
grate work uv rekonstrukshun. (Ap
plorz.) Spoke uv free skules very en
kuragiuly. Sod the black man's mot
to shud Le " Free Skules an Free
Rite3"(an starve.) (Tremenjus ap
plorz.) Lastly, that the kullud men
ort not too bupport anny man boo
didn't stan fiat-futted on the Republi
kau p!atfurm. (I lafft, but my voice
Mr. Austin Flood, kullud, an Mr.
Laflin, onkullud, wuz named fur the
Konvenshun. Tho kwestshun wuz
put too tho IIous ; orl in favur uv the
gentlemen naimd, will sri l l" orl sed
" I !" Orl opposed, will sa no. Nary
no, but a grcsy wel fed feller frum a
remote korner uv tho room, thinkin
the more he sed " I " tho firmer the
choys wud be, gave it 4th in deep, pro
longed aksents till it seamd but the
eko uv the former respons. This brort
the IIous down. Kwiet bein restored
several speakers wuz interdoosd, among
hcom wuz Messrs. Hilliaid, Short.
Flood and Perry. Tha spoke verry
sensibly, eksept, okashunally, one wud
refer too the necessity uv bavin ion
horses rippinf stavin an a snortin over
tho mountains and valleys an a bloin
out fire an smoke about the shipyards,
an so 4th, which I konsidderd ekstreme
ly docgerus too her krapa and uaviga
shun. Nite knmmin on the Konven
shun disbanded an went home.
If anything further, of importance,
okurs, I will
let jou no by next
PHIL. K AM MIL.
Washington', D. C, Sept
Noon. The amnestv oucstion is before
the Cabinet this morning. The Presi
dent hoped last night it would be dis
posed of to-day. The proclamation
will be based upouthat of March, 18G2,
issued by President Johnson while Pro
visional Governor of Tennessee, which
was approved by Mr. Lincoln and Con
gress. That proclamation said in effect
while conscious that treason may be
punished, no vindictive or retaliatory
measures will be adopted, but a gene
ral amnesty for all past acts and ex
pressions will be granted to the people
on the Bi'ngle condition that they yield
themselves as citizens, under the ma
jesty of the law. He appealed to all
erring and misguided people, to return
to their allegiance and avail themselves
of this amnesty.
Wade Hampton ha3 written a letter
to prominent citizens of Augusta, Ga.,
giving hl views ia regard to recon
struction. H(ri&if6r5 to military rule
to flio!1b?pTi?uercdin the reconstruct
i Proclamation by ilie President.
Washington, September 3.
Whereas, by the Constitution of the
United States, the Executive power is
vested in the President of the United
States of America, who is bound by
solemn oath faithfully to execute the
office of President, aud to the best of
his ability, to preserve, protect and de
fend the Constitution of the United
States ; and is by the same instrument
made Commander-in-chief of the ar
my and navy of the United States ; and
is required to take care that the laws
be faithfully executed ; and whereas,
by the same Constitution, it is provi
ded, that the said Constitution, and the
laws of the United States, which shall
be made ia pursuance thereof, shall be
the supreme law of the land, and the
judges in every State shall be bound
thereby ; and whereas, in and by the
same Constitution, the judicial power
of the United States ia vested in oue
Supreme Court, and in such inferior
courts as Congress may from time to
time ordain, and establish; and the
aforesaid judicial power is declared to
extend to all cases in law and equity
arising under the Constitution, the
laws of the United States and the trea
ties which shall bo made under their
Whereas, All officers, civil and mil
itary, are bound by oath that they will
support and defend the Constitution
against, all enemies, foreign and do
mesticand will bear true faith aud al
legiance to the same; and, whereas, all
officers of the army and navy of the
United States, in accepting their com
missions under the laws of Congress,
and tlie rules aud articles of war, incur
an obligation to observe, obey and fol
low such directions as tliey shall, from
time, receive from the President, or
the general or other superior officer set
over them according to the rules and
discipline of war; and,
Whereas, It is provided by law, that
whenever by reason of unlawful ob
structions, combinations or assembla
ges of persons, or of rebellion against
the authonfy of the government of the
United States, it shall become imprac
ticable in the judgment of the PrcsN
dent of the United States to enforce,
by the ordinary course of judicial pro
ceedings, the laws of the Uuited States
within any State or Territory, the Ex
ecutive in that case is authorized ard
required to secure their faithful exe
cution by the employment of the land
and naval forces, and, whereas, imped
iments andobstruclions,seriousin their
character, have recently been interpos
ed iu the States of North Carolina and
South Carolina, hindering aud p event
ing, fur a time, a proper enforcement
there of the laws of the United States,
and of the judgments and decrees of a
lawful court thereof, in disregard of
the command of the President of the
And whereas, reasonable and well
founded apprehensions exit that sr,ch
ill advised aud unlawful proceedings
may not be again attempted, there or
Now. therefore I, Andrew Johnson,
President of the Uuited States, do here
by warn all persons qgainst obstructing
or hindering, in any way whatever,
the faithful execution of the constitu
tion and Jho laws; and I do solemnly
enjoin and command all oftcers of the
government, civil and military, to ren
der due submission and obedience to
said laws, and to the judgments and
decrees of the courts of the United
States, and to give all the aid in their
power necessary to the prompt enforce
ment and execution of such laws, de
crees, judgments and processes, and I
do hereby enjoin upon the officers of
the army and navy to assist and sus
tain the courts and oilier civil authori
ties of the U. S. in a faithful adminis
tration of the laws thereof, and in the
judgments, decrees, mandates and pro
cesses of the courts of the U. S. Aud
I call upon all good and well disposed
citizens of the United States to remem
ber that, upon the said Constitution
and Laws, and upon the judgments,
decrees, and processes of the courts,
made in accordance with thf same ; de
fend the protection of the laws, liber
ties, properties, and happiness of the
people, and I exhort them everywhere
to testify their devotion to their coun
try, their pride in prosperity and
greatness, and their determination to
uphold its free institutions, by a
hearty co-operation in tho effortj of
the government to sustain the au
thority of the law, to maintain the
supremaoy of the Federal Constitu
tion, and to preserve unimpaired
the integrity of the National Union.
In testimony whereof, I have caus
ed the seal of tho United States to
be afiixed to these presents, and sign
the same with my hand. Done at
the city of Washington, the third
day of September of the year one
thousand eight hundred and sixt'
seven. Andrew Johnson.
By the President.
W. A. Seavard, Secretary of State.
A Proclamation el' Amnesty to be
' Issued by the President.
Tbe Fan History of the Skklts Affair.
There is reason to believe that in a
few days the Prcsideut will issue an
important proclamation of amnesty
supplemental to that issued on the 20th
of May, 1865. It will not proclaim
universal amnesty, but will enlarge the
fourteen clauses named ip that procla
mation. Among the classes excepted
by the latter, but which, J am assured,
will be included in the coming' procla
mation, wiil be all persons who shall
have been military or naval officers of
the pretended confederate government
are below the rank of brigadier-gene?
ral in the army or captain in the navy;
also all persons who are or shall have
been pretended civil or diplomatic of
ficers or otherwise domestic or foreign
agents of th,e rebel government ; also
who have been engaged in any way in
treating otherwise than lawfully as
prisoners of wr.r, persons found in the
United S.tates service aa ofacers, sol
diers, seamen, er in other capacties.
Other details are yet to be arranged,
which may delay the issuance of the
proclamation for at least a week vet :
but it ia probable that it will bo decide
ed to pardon all persons except high
officials who may be on bail for trial
before or after conviction. . ;
, , ,THE CASEOF.SICKI.ES, , "
- The Cabinet to-dav had before them
a complete record of the proceedings
between General Grant and General
Sickles relative to the litter's course in
North Carolina an interfering with the
process issuing from a United States
Court, and which eventually led to
Sickle'8 prompt removal by the Presi
dent. This record .it was ' decided to
publish, and it will be given out in
Monday's papers. The correspondence
however, with General Grant, which is
spicy and interesting, will not be made
public at the same time, though it was
read at to-day's cabinet meeting. It
appears from this that when General
Sickle's military officers prohibited the
execution xf r a civil process from the
United States Court, the United States
District-Attorney reported the fact to
the Attorney-General, and General
Grant was informed of it Believing at
that time that he had the power to an
nul or modify the orders from milita
ry commanders General Grant tele
graphed to General Sickles to modify
hi3 order No. 10, under which his sub
ordinates obstructed the United States
Courts, so as to obviate suoh obstruc
tions in future. General Sickles re
plied to Grant asking that the latter's
order of supervision might be held in
bcyance until he (Sickles) could ex
plain by mail. Yv'hen this explanation
arrived it appeared to be a plausible
statement, showing that order No, 10
protected the people from summary
executions for debt, and that it gave
great satisfaction lo the States of North
and South Carolina. General Grant
thereupon telegraphs Sickles tho im
portant fact that he withdraws his or
der to him to modify Order No. 10,
thus caving the latter in force. At
this remarkable stage of affairs,
the United States Marshal of
North Carolina steps in and again at
tempts to servo the civil process, but is
resisted by Sickles, by virtue of the
continuance in full effect of his order.
These facts were reported here, when
the Executive directed the United
States District-Attorney to procure an
indictment against one Hauiel E.
Sickles for a violation of the criminal
laws of the United States in obstruct
ing a UnitedStates Court. Geueral
Sickles, hearing this, at once telegraph
ed to GeneralGrant in a spirit of fierce
denunciation of the step, declaring
that he (Sickles), as commander of a
military district created by an act of
Congress, was not amenable to any
Grand Jury or United States Marshal
or United States Distriot-Attorney,
and intimating that he would answpr
to no iudictmeut founded on that
charge. It does not appear, I believe,
that General Grant answered this, but
it does appear that the President of
the United Sfates gave an order on
last Monday whiyh removed Sickles,
and thus indieated the judiciary of
the government, and secured the exe
cution of a process issued by the high
est judicial 1 officer in the laud. Tlie
full correspondence, of which the above
is an ab.-traet, will probably be made
public in due time.
Further changes in the district com
manders are not immediately probable.
General Sheridan has appointed
Aristide Mary, a inulato, to be au alder
man of New Orleans
W. II. CHEEK. W. K. f APEIIAKT. C. CAFE1MKT.
CHEEK, CAPEIIART & CO.,
Grocers and Commission Merchants,
No. 35 Commerce Street,
A SUPPLT Or rUlU-: Peruvian
A& Guano and other Fertilizers, Kope,
Sagging, Groceries and Liquors, kept con
stantly on hand.
Sept. 5. 40-Gm.
At Clf-rTisville, Monday, Sept. 9th.
Hamilton. Tuesday, Sept. 10th.
Williaraston, Wednesday, Sept. 11th.
Washington. Thursday, Sept. 12th. ?
Greenville. Friday, Sept 13th.
Tarboro', Saturday. Sept. 14th.
Eocky Mount, Moaday, Sept. 16th.
A. KODIXSOX, . - MANAGER.
CII-VS. COVELLI, EyfESTiAN DiBKrron.
Utv. STEVENS, - - Treasi-ker.
Ill RAM DAY, - Master of Cntcus.
rglllE managers woultl respectfully
H. state that in oi ranizing this Circus
Company ho has spared neither lime, lahor
nor money, 10 make the present combination
BRILLIANT AND ATTRACTIVE
ever presented to the patronage of the pub
lie. The four quarters of tlie Globe have
contributed their choicest gems to this bni.
liunt Constellation ! '
THIS GRAND ALLIANCE OF
talent is organized upon a scale of unprece
dented magnificence, and the extraordinary
and varied perljrmancesof the great artray 6f
Foreign and Native Talent, ;
will inaugurate a new era in amusements.
The entertainments will be. produceo 'villi
a decree of originality and splendor ngvbr
before attempted in this country.
Prominent anions' ihp. Ipndinr mpmlra rf
this extetisive Troupe, will be found the fol
lowing names : "
Clown and Humolfist.
the favorite son of Monms ; the embodiment
of Fun, Wit, Originality, and genuine Hu
mor; a livingexemphncalion of the old adage,
Laugh and grow fat.'' -
MB. CHAS. COYEIXI,
ClowCpnd Character Equestrian,
In his great act of x
in his great Cannon Ball act, and other emi
Dclaucy & Long,
the (JreHtest Gymnasts in the world.
the Great Two, Four and Six Horse Rider.
ADMISSION; - - 75 Cents.
CHILDREN under 10 years age, 50 Cents."
Seperate Seats for colored people, 50 Cents.
To all parts of the Mammoth Tayillion.
No Standing Room. Room for all. After
ft(5bn Rd Evening. S" Doors open at '
and 7 oft-lock. - , -Commence
al Si and 7J o'clock'. '
- General Busiucs A
N. M. LAWRENCE,
General Agent & Commission Merchant
EEPS CONSTANTLY ON HAND
tlie best brands of FLOL R and gene
ral assortment of Family Groceries.
JUST BEHIND THE COURT HOUSE.
Highest prices paid for Cotton, Cacon, Lard,
Will furnish Bagging & Eopc and supply
all orders lor Merchandize at small commis
sions. Call and see for yourselves.
Sept 5. 4 0-1 13
AT AUGUST TERM OF EDGECOMBE
County Court, the undersigned wero
appoluted Commissioners to let out the build
ing of the Bridge at Sparta, upon the same
conditions and stipulations, heretofore pro
Tided in relation to the Bridge at Tarboro.
Notice is hereby given to all concerned
that bids for the same will be received for
one month from this date. i-"' -'
Apply to JA M IiS CA ItNEY, 1
JO A li JEN K I NS, Comm'rs.
CI1AS. L. VINES, J
Sept. 5. -10-tm
JOS. A. ROGER
C. K- AKIN.
ROGERS, RIVES & CO.,
General Commission Merchants
AND GROCERS, t '
No 101 Sycamore Street.
WE WIL7; GIVE ritOMT TEll-
son?l attention tc nl' busiucs intrust-,
ed to us. Consignments respectfully soli-,
HET Mr. P. F. COG BILL has made ar
rangements with this house.' and will be
pleased to see his friends or receive consign
"cnls. Sept. r). 40-tin. "
J. II. ROIISOX,
(Lpte of the firm of Dodson i; Itainer,)
Has Removed his Stock to tho old
Xo. "i East Side "Water street.
yilEilE he will lie pleased to sea
his old j'rimds and tiie public treueral-
ly. lie has en !;and a largo and well select-! '
ed stock of
Alas, Brandies, Gins,
One lot of which is a magnificent article
ten y ars old, and another seven years ol
l.-i T..I.1..I. I... 'K. !! : ' . ti
Old Eomlon bocli. SSrandles.
jm- I'll If :ES M E U EU AT3.-&
Ciyc me a call.
J. IT. ronsoN.
No. 7 Vidcwutcr street.
&tUe of Xorth Carolina.
T. M. Gray Wifoet al.
Samuel Ward el al
Petition 10 sell land. Filed Fail Term 1SG7,
In Martin Court of Equity.
To Samuel Ward and Elizabeth Bcwen.
YOU AKE HEKEBY NOTIFIED
to appear at tho next Term of thU
Court and plead, answer or deiiMir to the
petition of Plaiutills or judgment pro con
fesso will be taken against you and the samu
Witness, C. 1!. Iasell, Clerk mid Master
of said Court at Ollice, this the 2LUh c!av of
August A. D. IS'!-;.
C. 15. II AS iEl.L, C. M. E.
Sept. 5. 4;)-5t
TO COTTOX fciiOlfiiitS.
The "Siar ""lotion Gins
fN OFFER I NO TO THE FAKMEKS.
of North Carolina and the South (Gene
rally our" iSlar" Cottim Cins and Con
densers. Mi' arctuabicd to do so with that
bold confident)) winch mi tiniiitwriiphed suc
cess has entitled us to. At the prca' Fair
held t New Orleans last fall, and at St. Louis,
Missouri, we came in competition with all
the kinds of Gius heretofore in favor wit li
the Southern planters. In each cass we re
ceived the lirst l'reiniinis, not only lor ijimliiif.
nf 'xtnjfe. but also for quantft !' cotton gin
ned per d:.y. I sold during ii.e Inst seaoi. :
much larger number of tl.e.M; nun-bines than
were ever sold in Norfolk before in thribbh;
the length oftime. and have yel to hear this
tirst complaint. On the c-onl rary, the lesii,
monials that have been received were mo.-t
llatterin and rniiifying. These facts sus-
tain us in our claim tr Mi) -priority, and ap
peal with force to such as may be in waat.
We insist on the title of " ST A li " Cotnui
Girt, lest we might be confounded with nnoi ti
er kind known by the name if Knu-ry. liav
injjr now really no rival in ibis article, wo
leave our Gins to urge their own claim. I
can furnish them with or without Conden
sers, as may be preferred. My prices are
friinr.'.nticd to bp precisely the same as those,
charged at Factory. Farmers wishing tho
' ST A li n Cotton Uin will plea- tbrwanl
their orders to me ut oye, or as soon as they
The Dcitcricit Toggle Lfnlt
C O T T O N P It ESS.
I ain also agent tor this machine, which is
guaranteed to plea.-e. It is the bct.
I am manufacturing mid dealii:, largely in
all kinds of "
. FARMING TOOLS,
Car mid liumlle Iron,
GARDEN SEEDS, &c.
"Watts' Guff Brace, and all the
kinds of Plows sold in Nor- ,
BilJups' Improved Cotton Scraprr,
Ko. II IV Wc Water Street.
Aug-. 22. 3s-tf
GRE.IT watch sale.
On the Popular one Price Plan.
fjiving every Patron a Handsome and
rtuiiauiu Yvatuii ior uie low
Price of Ten Dollars 1
Without Regard to VIuc.
AND NOT TO BE
Paid for Un!e3 Perfectly Satisfactory
lOffSobd Gold IT'iiiiin? Watches it'J to "
LW-i Magi': uaseci ijoiu watches '
100 Ladies' Watehes, enameled" ' 3't(r
iOOtiold Hunting Chronom'r (U- 2'-0 to Wt
v 200 Gold Hunting Enelish L' rs -mj " '-"''
3X) Gold Hunt's Duplex Wchcs 100 tof), , :; ;
;w epver Hunting Severn
r00 Silver Hunting Duplexes, y lo ;0; f
fun! Gold Ladies' Watches
1,000 Gold Hunting LapFnes,
00 to 100
2,000 Hunting Silver Watches,
0.000 Assorted vv at . . i jr
' R natron obtain A wa'eu "Y V ,.
.if j i . ,. i .t niASt - Jr
i jt i cri. irw xt - -
.1." . nf tt,,. nUiM'i) I il !l rrn I fu-flnt slock. Lcr-
UlpUSC til UIF i-' .""J, . .
tificntKK. nnniimr the artic les, uie i"----
sealed envelopes, and well mixed. Holders
are entitled to the article named on their cer-
. 1 ...U.Ikip it liA
Will, ill C, UlMJii im i.w 7 c j
a watch worth I'M or less- "-7
any of our certificates entitles you to the ar
ticle named thereon, upon payiityit, irre.pe vo
tive of its worth, and as no a
les than $10 is dp wed on any ccrtii.caie,
it will at once be seen that this is
No. Loiery, hut a straightforward c
nitimate Transaction, which may Oe
participated in even by the most fas
tidious. A single certificate w.H be sent by mad
duly mithorizcd by the government,, ahd
open to the careful scrutiny. TUTf jr, , .
Address " .
HILL. FOKTLE. cc VUV --sM
Sepf 5-4 m.
2 and I Uey St.t i