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Tlie Tftrhoro Southerner. Tirrsiay, 'Eay 15. 1373. WILLIAM lilGGS. - - - - Editor TAUJiOl'6'. NORTH CAROLINA. The Southerners If there is one special point upon which the Southerner can make boast it is indtpendencr. No man, or set of men no party or political lique no ' ring" and its influence no private interests or pu lie designs none of thes8 have, the smallest control in the manage ment and tone of the Southerner. The paper is utdcjtcudcnt in every respect Democratic to the core, it . will generally support all Democntic men and" measures to the full extent of its ability, but, the ditor. reserves to himself the right and privilege of expressing his opinion upon any mattsr of public interest that may come up, even though it may be in favor of the dominant radical party. ' "We have tried our best to break that party down. We have sacrificed more, finacially, more than any "man i V Edgecomb j County to effect such a result and consider we have some little right to form an opinion. If the public don't like such an opinion, we regret it for their sake, and intend to pursue the same course. Hsnry Watterson, editor of the Louisville Courier Journal in a re cent admirable lectue on journalism delivered at Indianapolis, before the Press Association of Indiana, laid down a broadly independent plat form for the newspaper editor. He calls on every editor to say to him self: "1 will, whatever becomes of it, be a. perfectly independent and impartial editor; I will let the poli ticians mind their business and I will mind my business; I will tell the truth as I am able to conceive it, setting down naught in malice; i will put the best work that is in me on my paper; I will collect the news industriously; I will express my opin ions fearlessly but responsibly; I will accept no indulgences not given my neighbors; I will not be slapped on the Lack, nor be sneered at as a sort of Cheap John, a public pen sioner, who lives partly by his wits, jartly by the offal thrown out by the j vard-dos who conreate about the court house, and partly by the inso lent benefices of railroads and the absurd cajolery of side-shows." A Correction. Last week we published, taken from another paper, the exemption. list under the Bankrupt Act It appears that this extended only to the State of Georgia, from which State a recent case has gone up to the Supreme Court of the ITni ed States. The Raleigh Xi-ws corrects us and statos that the Homestead Exempt ion in North Carolina is one thou sand dollars of real estate, and five hundred dollars of personal proper ty, but gold value is not specified as in Geoegia. The bankrupt is allow ed these exemptions and five hun dred dollars worth of personal prop erty besides, under the late Bank nipt Act of Congress. But here a nice question arise. The Supreme Court of the United States in the case of Gunn vs. Barry, the Homestead case from Georgia, decided that ''oiigresa could not by any authorization or sanction, give validity to an unconstitutional pro vision in any State Coastitution. The Supreme Court also decided that re rospective Homestead las are unconstitutional. How then can a bankrupt have legally exempted t him, against debts contracted prior to July 3rd, 188, the day the present fctate Government went into effect the property specified in article tenth of our Stat : Constitution ? The Drainage Law. The last issue of ihe istate Ajri eultund Sour nut coutains a communi cation on the above subject in ref erence to certain opinions expressed by members of the Edgecombe Ag ricultural Society at its last meeting. (The J? oi'therxek should have been given the "credit" for the report.) We quote some of the remarks of the correspondent "I not ce in the proceedings of the Edgecombe Agricultural Society, published in your issue of li)."n April, that s me of the members speak in disapproval of the present drainage law. I am inclined to think that this disapproval arises fr m an ignorance of the actual state of the present law; which is not sur prising, considering that the Act of 1808- 65), ratified 10th April, 1861), page 401 of Acts, is most carelessly sind inexcusably omitted from the iuuex 10 mat, volume of the Acts, to tha- it is knowu to few, eve i of the legal profession, and can scarce ly bo expected to be known t far Uitrs generally. There are very few countries which present the same fiat and gradually sloping contour as East em N r h Carolina, and consequent ly, very few i . which the relative rights of the upper and under lying proprietors, so urgently require ta be settled by positive Jaw. Living in tha part of the 8 ate. flay fttteu. tion was repeatedly callid while I was in practice as a lawyer, to thai braach, of the law, , , 1 n England the sloTeo the conn-. try towards the sea ate generally ramd. The only exception that 1 know of, in the fens of Lincolnshire, parts of which are beneath the level of ."pring tides. These are govern ed by special Acts of Parliament, and hence have never called for the application . of general principles. In Scotland there is a very fertile country cat ed the Carse f Gourie, which in its. physical cnara ter re sembles the Eastern part of North Carolina, but I have never seen a record - of any lrticration respecting the draurge of that district I sup pose ii is because the country is in 'he hands of a few great proprie tors. Consequently there is little or no tin g in the law of Hinglana, " m tiif instruclng" to us, on this sub iect In America the flats of Illinois and Kansas and f some of the Southern Sta es might be supposed to present conditions so similar to ours as to require leg slative or judicial acti n for deciding questions such as ire quently arise among us. But as far as my informati n extends, there is nothing in either line applicable to our requirenien' s. . The Legislature of 1868 (which whatever its faults in other respects passed more wise and useful laws han anyone which met since 115; sa that the previous legisla ion on this subject was msumcient W here in it was insufficient I will sho presently. It endeavored then t embody the wisdom of centuries as expressed in the civil law in the Act I have referred to, Chapter 16-1, page 401. The amendment of the previ us legislation was two fold. The pre vious legislat n had declared tht right f the upper owner to drain his lands through those of the lower lying owner, but it required the- up per owner to bear all the expenses of the canal, both of its construction and repair. True it forbade tht lower owner the use of it, unless ht would con ribute to its making anu repair. But it provided no conve nient means by which that obliga tion could be enforced. Hebce he Act in the Revised t ode as in ef feet almost a dead letter, or only a source ff fruitless and unsatisfactory litigation. The Act of 1868 attempt ed to remedy both of these short comings. It declared not only t the right of the upper proprietor to drain hrough the lower land, Out th jO i-titt"ii tij tUe fvwr proprietor to contribute to the e xprnse rquitab'y, ac rordinj to the Ite.utjjU he ri-cnvnf. The principle m itself was by no mean? new. It had been often ap plied to the cas of improvements in cities by the grading of streets, &c, but the application was ew, and scarce any Legisla ure but that ol 18GS ould have had the courage to adopt it deterred by a f oolish fear of tinman it, ii mere y as xuh, without considering whether the innovation be wise or ot, or whether it is really an innovation in principle at all The mere recognit ion of the principle would have been without immediate fruit, if in the same act. the Legis'a ure had not provided efficient means by which the hardens of all the proprietors along the line of he proposed drainage could be equitably adjusted, and the improve ment kept it constant working order This it did by emb -dying all tht parties interested into a corporation and giving the control of the corpo ration to the interest most concern ed in making and keeping up the improvement. Homestead Decision A'e give below the dcci ion re cently uiude ujoothe Hooiestead Ac. from a case mi-Georgia-. This decision declares that the Homestead provision iu. the Ctisii tutiou of any State u not good agaiDv pre-existing debts; the effects o. hich will be to causn much linrutub i lirouht ut the State. S"j)rcmc Court of the United State on the JIuniCfttad Liiw. At December Tern), 1872, U. S. Supreme Court, the following cpiuior was delivered by Mr. Just ce Swuyi'e. in I lie case o- John McK-tiuun, pluiu- tiff, vs. Charles F. Barry, defendant, iu error to the Supreme Court of iht State of Georgia. The cusps stand No. 183 on judjjuistu docket:. "This is a writ ot'ericrto the Su preme Court of the State of Georgia On. the 12th of May, 1S66, the plaintiff, in error recovered in the Superior Court of Kaudolh county, ;i ju guient against Wut. K Uit foi the sum ot 502 30- principal, aud $120 tO interest up to tae judgment and costs. An execution was idUid upou the judgment, and placed in tin. hands of the defendant in error as fhenff of that county. lie was there by commanded to make the sums above ujeutiuued and father interest upon tne pr ucipal from tno 12; h oi May, 18Gt, and tho cosig. The jliintili iu error requested him 'o levy upon a tract ul land of 27 J acres, telougin" to Hart tlie deiendautin the jutlyinen . Eany lelused. Lie assigned as the only reason t.r Lie refusal that the premises had been setoff to Hart un der the provisions of i ho Act passed by the General Afrsetnb'.y of the State, aud approved October "J, 1869, enti tled "An act to provde for setting apart a homestead of really and per Muuaity, and tor the valuation ot said property, and lor the full and complete hoilu.iou ana seeunry oi tne -a i.e to the "-olc ush and bt'ueSt oi' families, "s required by scctiou hist ol artso'e scvemn jf the C jnstituttou, and lor other purpoj-es." Guuu iher.eupofl petitioned to the Superior Co rt of tha county t,r a writ of mandamus to compel the slier iff. to make the levy. The petitiou set forth that the land in qtu-htiuu was the ouly property kuowu. to (am subject to the lieu of his- iadgtuent, except a tvact of 2SW acri ol the alu, fiuo, eitaaiea id the county of Stum, which a also IMS uded tn the hooietea so set apart;, that the preis inoeation were worth the sain oi 9i.uu. aina ui embraced, fc mucn larger, nume of actes than the real estate exempt from levy od sale by the lawsMn ffrco when tho judgment was recoyered.'and wheu debt on wiieh it vu founded was con tracted. It does not appear that tVese allega ions were denied, and we do not un derstand that there U any controversy upon the subject. After a full hearing the court aft filmed 'the validity ot the act in its re rop ctive aspect, aud gave judg ment against the petuiouer. The Supreme Court of the State affirmed tins judgment, . The first section . of 7di art:cle d tie Constitution of Georgia of 1863 provides that "each head of a family, or guardian, or trustee ot a faini'y, or iniuor children, shall te entitled c a homestead of re ty to t1te value of $2,000 id specie, and ersonal proper ? to thj value of ?1,UUU in" specie, to be valued at the time they are se apart, and no court or niu Uteri a I offi cer in this State shall ever have juris diction or autnority to enforce any judgment, decree or execution against aid property so set apar', iocluJiog -uah improvement as made therein irom time to time, except for taxes, money bm rowed vr fur the prclise money, of t he same, and for labor done thereon, or material fura shed iherMor or removal ol incumberauce thereon The first secti-n of the act of the 3rd October. 1363. is iu the same term. It may well be doubted whether ooth th es.- provisions were not intend ,-d to bo wholly prospective in their ellect. liut as we understand the Supreme ,'ourt of the State has come to a ait i ere nt conclusion, we shall not eon sider the ques. ion. The statue in force wheo the judg-. nent was rendered declared that the toilowing property belonging to debt, or who was the head of a family should be exempt from levy i nd sul y (town); "Fifty acres of laud at a dve add.touaL ones for each of his children under the age of six eeu e:ns, the land to luclude the dwelli g houses, if the same aud improvements 10 not exceed two hundred dollats; ue larni hor.-e or mule, one cow and :alf, ten head of hos, and fifty dollars north of provisions and five d liar. voith additional for each child; beds, ji dJuig and common bedsteads suffi, :teut for the family; i ne kom, one piuuiug wheel, and twe pairs of turds aud oue hundred pounds of lint cottei. ; common tools of trade for hiuj--ell and his wife; equipments and arms fa militia soldier hii! trooprr's hors', rdiuarjr cooking utesils ;tud tatde .rockery wearing appatel of hiuisell md family; family bible, rtligiou- vorks and schocl. bookst tiuily por. .aits the library uf a pr f.-.s:.unul nan iu act "al pr ictiee or business, not xceediog three hundred dollars, iu iiIuk, to be selected hy himself." N one can cast his eye over the tot liter aud later exemptions, with nit beiug struck by the greatly in, creased magnitude ot the fate'. Section 10, of Article I, of tin ! usti'uiioo of the United State do lne that no Stile fhull piss any uw impairing the obligatiot- of cuu racts. If the remedy is a part of the ob ligation of the coniract, a clearer :a.e of inipairmeut can hardiy occur baa is presented iu the record before us. The effect of the act in qunsstion, under the cir uuistaoecs of this jutU: meat, d'es indeed not merely iuipair, a annihilates the remedy. There i- none left. But the act rta-hes sliill urther. It with Iraws t he land from nen "f (he judgment aud thus destroys a vested right of property which the creditor had apiir-d iu the pursuit, ot the remedy tn which he was et tile i bv law, as it stood when the judgment was recovered.. Iiisioffect taking one persou's ptopeaty and giving it to another without compensation. This is contrary to reason and justice and to the fundamental principles of the so ial compact.. Clado vs. Boll, 3 Dull, 388. But we must confine our selves to the constitutional aspect ot he case A lew turih r remarks wil sufficient to dispose of it. It lovolvrs no question which has not been more than once fully, con sidered by this court. Georgia, stuce she cirue into the Union as one of the orig.na thirteen States, has never been a State out ol the Union. Her constitutional tights wer', for a time, necessarily put iu abeyance, ' ut her constitutional dis abilities and obligations were in no ise affected by her rebellion. The s un" vi w is to De taken ot the pr j vision in her organic law, nnd of the sta' ue iu question, as if she had beeu in full communion with her sister States when she gave them being. Though her constitution w-as sanc tioned by Congress, this provi-ion cau n n sense bo considered an net of that body. The sanction was onlv peroiisvive as a part of the process . Iter rehabilitation, and involved, ooth itig affirmative or negative beyond that event. If tt were express and tine quivocal, t-he rcsuV would be the iame.. Congress caaoot, by auihorintiio . or ratification, give the srigh test effect to a Slate law or constitution in conflut with tha Constitution of the United States, aud is al.kc obligatory upon both. A State can no more impair an ex ist ng contract by a constitutional pro vision than by a legislative act; both are within the prohibition of the na tional constitution. The lrgal remedies for the enforce ment ot a contract, which belong to it at the time and place where ii is made re a part ol its obligation. AStais may change them, providt d tb.echan;e mvolve no impa1rmeut of a substantial right. If the provis o) of the constitution, or the legislative aot of a State, fall withiu th category last u eutioued, thry are to that extent utterly void They are. lo- all the purposes of i he contract which they impair, as if they had never existed. The constitutional provision and statute here in question, are clearly within tnat category, and are, there fore, void.. The inris iicilooal prohibition which they ewaiii. with respect to the courts of the State, can, thereforo, form'. no iniped ujeut tothe ulatntiff in error in the enforcement of h'ts-rights touching tbi judgment ae those ri .hts are r cognmd by this court. White vs. Hart. 1 Wall, 616: Vo Iloffaiau vs. the City ol Quiucy. t35. " The judgment uf the bupretne Court of Georgia js reversed, and, the.piuse will be remanded, to that court, with directions to euter a judgment of the S perior Cenrt of Hundolph county, aud thcreaf er to, proceed in coulr mity with thi opinion D. W. Mipdleton, . C. S. C. U. S, Tle Cotton Trade. ' ' - - - - -. ( , The .Situation uttd the j'ronpect. ' The fui ure oi thia staple U a iu'atV r of great tuouieot jnot ouly ' to the lot -ton fade, but also to tire comtuunuy at largrj and w vtier cWP-JV80l' at ao averagtt price "of say 20 : euts or 15 cents, is a uialfer 'of-'iconiieObie i iipo tkieo to ee.rji iutfet';of the oouiMiy. Tint the crop -ioT-bM'g marketed i a large oute'"her'rfji nt' doubt The e-timats at iuco,$Vui lange beiwi-eu 2.750;000 bales ani 2,850,000. bajts, Ku'ieat tiro Nor b they vary between 3 80O.w00 d 4,001,000 bales. We atwayir ;lO(fk t i he comb lor the lowest cotintato ann to the Mortti for tne highest, i,d probably the truth miy lie sotuewher. butweou these eilremea. Tlie statis tictl pobitiou of the crop stood t tlu. cose of the w3vk betare last sf I wg. The actual ie tpUof c tton a, al the ports since September 1st have- been 3,201,779 baue, uguiust ,515,622 cuirespoudmg time iast year, notvt..g an increase ot 6.f,l07 ics- TImj re ceipts" at t h tuierior to ni:-ior ihc ime time have breu 826.519 bales agai .st 738,502 wm Hm; laat 'year, snowing ao luctejeeof t7 l57 tmjes. Tue s o ks at ill the p rtu te 454. S46 bales, agaiust 2.) 6, by a toe d List vear. sir I a.i mi iu crease oi 1 Jo 151 Dales and stocks at the idiui . towns 84,141 bales, agaiut 30,130 iu 1872, showing an iuere.sw tuis yeurot 45 011 baes; taken together tlu Mocks at the polls aud lite Igteu r suow 538 900 ta.es agaiuat 335 825 alllc lime list yai,giiug an lueria.-.. this year over last ol 2Uo,lti5 bales In c tovar'"!! thcae stocks, ve mut not overlook H e tact, that- p u eis and illume tuieresn d in an . adfjj;aj oi the stable, are Holding, as tar as i.i Hiei p iwcr, tWeir CJtto.is oi tn pi tutattot. f whiie it djc uot thor iu the cuu a lakeu off sioclt. Tte exports, althougn arge, are uot in pr puma to the iocreased. Mipph. I'hey nave beeu, since Sepeoibt-r i t 2.1l655J bales, against. 1.717.181 last yeir, witeu the exports of tin; en tiretoltoti year were 1,057.314 j1 The amount of Aiiir-ej tuiiuu ali at tor Great Bruatu is 22G,00f) buiCa agaiust 2'12,UtU last year al saute lltu.. Cue slocii ol AinericiiH coi(otMi L.V et p ol is 313,000 Vaitta. againi 3.10, L'7u b ties some lime lul year-" : , . Ttio Liveip'i l movemtut Btfdws an v. dent ludtsfoa. lion to laud up t h Ainetivau cot. on. Tnat-.nd .Misi'-fci y (tiuW v r. mayk Quite as wuc ti e risult ot the general uepressiou' si fte: cotton trade as ol a waut of cuuh ueiice iu llu future value of "our sta It i u l unnatural, cotisideilug tne peseut Co'i-iiou uf ujiiiaiaei u.-. lug all tirs iu Kugund, that Lverpoo. should keep a very cautmus .look, out upon the ptobablc volume of the crop i f 1872, and the prospects ol ttia o e ju-l p.autcd, aud the i.ade wt iti.,t port may reasouabiy be expected to av-uuie an attitude iu tavur'Ot I.ci prices It is, of cou:s too larly .jet lj f irm any Jcdmie opiuiuu ub'Ut- ilu probabilities of tiie uew crjp Vt have taken measures tor co I cim- aii the facts at preseut asceramallj uu tins point, aud stiall stou ray th.m befoie ur reaoers. In the uaeauitaje it u ay be sateiy affirme-', 1, Tti. t the avreae jLtUied 1 b COt Ou h S yeai is materially lacget than that ol ia-t year. 2, Thai v generally ttirougliout the South, tuere I us bteu an increase use uf cotton fertilizers, the 0jsuui tiou, appaiently, l.aviug been beyond a.1 preceiU nt; 3, Ti a,t t. e we th r b &. oeju, ou the whole, tuvorable to .citn. in (he crop iu good condition; 4, '1 hat since the plan ui. . ihe weutiter has been too cold, hut the pUot has uot beeu sufficiently, up to su.-taiu any serious consequent injury; aud, 4. Tnat the supply ot labor is, ou the whole, adequ .1.) to the ueed- of planters. ' Up to this point, therefore. - the probabilities point to an increased en p. a.-suiui.tig averao , conditions as to . . I : ' I ( . . . weaiusr,. wirms, laoar,- etc. aua uu augmented crop has always p coved to imply lower prices. The lullowuig tabl-j (taken from Our Atmual lo-tha year 1872) fully illustrates this poiut: Yalua of Average f-fop. Season of crp. " ' prierf.'. Kili-s. If71 & 1872 $266,317,000 17c 3,014,000 1870 A l71 - 2B3,:ia,000 ia.c 43,W)0 I860 & 1870 288,212,000 20 8,iij0t)0 ia08 di lt9 270,460,000 24J 2,3o6,0Wi lbU & J868 2i5li,a2U,OO0 2.U 2,51.9.000 The Moutgome. y Jtioeeiiserhds beeu making au estimate of iheb at oottou crop, aud says the lucoming crop is. or will have beea by Septeu br Vt ih mul va'ut Ie crop ever raised tti the Uuited States,. The average price has betn be: er sustained and higher than eve- before. The. momy p.iid lor it in us ii w state will not fali short ol $330 -OUO.OOJ. Ol this Bum, atumt S35.000 000 have gone to the speculators and ti rst purchases, leaving $235,000,000 to the producers. Alaoama'a share of this magnttioant sum l- jearl, 835.01 0 000, estimating her crop at 400,000 bait s. JS.vci s have showu that the disasters to tre crop in Alabama, last seasonwere more uuuierous ini ex tensive tbau in any othet cotton pro ducing State. i The Farmers' Convention reassem bled in New York Weduesday, and afijecttda uaiioual organization. .Hon, Josiah Quiucy, ot Massachtwetts. was elected presideui. The ptatrrm ot principles adopt-! declares war upon tlie sailiuads uotil ttiey reduce then treight charges. ;'i be eonveotioa was re pectablx in numbers aud charac er and will have , important results iu polities. . -v - v - THE 6BE1T IEEIB KIOT. ; The Colfax Tragedy and ihi Events ; w Preceding it; : . A COMPREHENSIVE STATEMENT ECK Aft: EYE WITNESS Of THE ' The fight did not begin until 12 m. Xhe reason for the delay was that most of ihe men were on the east side of the Dora, and had ta cross ou a ferry ou Su. day morning. Before the posse att ckid.the town they sent a flag of tiuce, asking the rioters to disperse, finally giving the negroes time to re move the women and children. Wheo they were all removed the posM) attacked the breastworks by first advauciug sjuue sharpshooters. After thc-ncgtci's posit iou was found, the shites charged rhe works, the negroes fir ng a heavy volley on them as they .auit.' close to the works. There wte isr'it or let. white wouodel in the charge, and a number of negro, s . Led. Chen tlie whites reached the breastworks, which they did at a full gallop, the oegrj c.ivalry ran down he river, aud the '.foot men retreated i u to the Court House. Our men drove the oezroes from all Ii b.iiidiu s 'except the Court House, and then oj eucd a sharp pre on that puis-. " The aurora were deSaii , .-.diing or the.tueu to come ou if they .v luted to .et kiikd About hall aa hour after the town as taken the Court House was fiied, nd the negroes threw out a flag of true. It w. sal) en agreed to receive it ud hear what they proposed. liaduot and several others ad vanced to tlie door of the Court House itsey were fired on by the negroes, and llalnotand two or f ree others were wounded. Our men then commenced firiur on tbeiu, and some of the negroes rushed out of the bu lding with their g i isiu tluir bands, some firing as iliey ciuie out, others running for the W ods without firing. " Our men ke t up u steady fire on them until they were cithe r disarmed or killed. Sou e w re killed and the C-urt House was burned, but the most ol them wre killed at tno breastworks aiiitx iu the streets The whites who m ide the attack were 138 strong :he Dumber of the ut gioes 1 canuut state with certainty, 'but can say. t!it they outnumbered i he w n it' J, the liresc estimate beiu 200 a dih- higliet 400. Over 150 uti- a. i J pi.-t'Ms. were f.iuud iu strcc s it'dfiicl around the town; most ot thbai were army rifles, muskets a d s ioi guos. Many of the uegros had army cartridge boxes aod belts on hem, and a '.'te.it qi ntiy of ration leady, aud the hater. a ks w.re lout d I'ingonlhe street, and soti e on the ugro.i. . ', It sa d by s"mc Ibat the negroes surrendered bif i e a man was. k l!e'. This' i a de ibera ed falstntod ; for ou i he contrary, they did n t attempt to nrr-oder Mitil au hour at.cr the bieotrttrki aod town were takeo, and a Mtimber w re kilhd Some of the old officers of G.aut l-irih claim, d to have been re-elected i i last November, aod continued to hold possis-ion of li e offices. Mash and others w, re appointed by Kelhigg The R'pul 1 can candidates clrimed hs offices, aud the others relumed tc .live them up. The negroes th.n inued, aod broke open the Court I'us aud loik's offio.-, taking po.--scsxi n cf all the office? and some ot t e private buildings. They forced all' who ee opposed to them ito Idive lie town, and hred on some as they left. Tjirf place was held by the nc-gi-.tr" f rt'in that ti ne until the 13ch of At- il, when the fight took plce. The negroes proposition was to Bght it out, ai d it is we:l known that when a week before the light our men sent in a flag ot truce fr. compromise, that a nero galloped up and l-jveled a cckcd gnu on one of our men; and wud have kij ed !.im if I lie gun had not been knocked upt Ctur tyen saw 4 iiuiiiher o! negroes armed and com ing in a gallop, and to save themsilves had to get away at. full gallop. It is a!s well known tint the ne urot-B often threalenci that if the w'litcs fired a gun, or a fight eTer be ga.i, they won!d spare no cue. T .i threat was well known by the whites win, fought them. s to the statement of United States District Attorney, Ueckuiih, that tlije ucgroes were first in lawful ios.-esiiur is' absolutely false. Our men had the possession, having bieu the oil offiyials. It is also fal-e that there werq ihree hu,t.dred whites in the fikt ; there were only, as already stated, one hundred and thirty-eiht men iu ail, and no more to reinforce them. STATE MATTERS. The Wilson Institute has depart, uients, anron'g others, for tclegmphy, bunking and jourunlism. Ool Thos. S. Kenan was elected Mayor ol Wilson ; A. J. Hines, S. W. Chamberlain, S.: M. Warren, Oswald Xi;psoouile and Ai Vbur liarues, ( oro missitmers; Charles Urowqly, Towb Cpnst'bJe. -. ' -Tte Tribune reports the meeting of the Central Agricultural Society at Henderson on the 3rd inst Spirited addresses were made by Dr. W. V Young, A; Cv Harris a,nd S, J. Skinner; Esq,, and others. A committee was appointed to solicit subscriptions to re I evetuoft of the debts due by reason of preuiiuns unpaid Tbe commissioners appointed by the Legislature to investigate the affairs of the Western North Carolina Kail-r- ad wil) meet in Raleizh on 13th inst. Tne Committee is composed of tbe fol lowing gentlemen: Gov. Caldwell, Hon. J. . Wiigon, of Cuanotte, Judge M. E Manly, otNewbern, and Col Walter L. Stetl, of llockingham. The following gentlemen have been appointed by the Executive Co -nui it tee of the farmers Cocnr.il of Virginia and North Carolioa Association, dt !r .ut s b om North Carolina to the Nat titrnd Agricultural Congress, to be held at Indianapolis, lnd .on the 23th of the present month, vi; Dr. L W. BatcheUir, of Halifax county, aud Mr. 7m. it. rrurrelr: ot uarr n countv. L-nucipuli. aod Air. M. 1 ruroel, ut flalilax couofj.md Alp. W. W. White, oJE-Warraa county, alternates.. . - ... . . . . Raleigh Aw: S. M.' Pariah, Princi pal Clerk in fbe Secretary f States' officp', has been removed and J. J. Sawyerj"colbred, "put in hit place.- We have no eoma eul to make, as we had as soon have Sawyer as Parish. The Emperor Alexander, of Russia, han given Adelioa Patti, a set of di amonds worth $50,000 If Mr. Alex ander had tbe disposition that som women exhibit under such circumstan ces, Alex couldn't make any such gilt- as that without finding evco bis palace of ice too hot to hold him. It is said thai when the reinforce menis now on their way to. Captain Jack's lava beds reach their destina tion, there will be some two thousand troops in all. If our generals with am n a forco as that cannot gobble up the thirty or forty braves, then tbey had better give it up at once as a bad jo1. Graat is more successful in waging war on the peaceable than be is iu exterminating the red man. Why would a tax on tarts be ob jectionable at sea ? Because it would be encouraging pie rates. Why does a druggist's lo t watch key resemble himself ? Because it's a key missed a chemist NEW ADVERTISEMENTS Tar River Mills. These mills re now in full operation, and are situated ou the banks ol thel ur li.ver, immediately opposite the town vi inrboro, Edgecombe cnuutv, N. C. The whole structure, including the house, mil. stones and njacluuery is uew, aud ot the LATEST IMPROVED WW They tuiv a cupacity lully equal to any mins in Eastern Carolina. Are conven iently situated and well arranged lir the convenience aud accommodation of custo uiirs, ktviug ss Ihey do the adruu uue ol b-Hli river and l'ailr d communication, ean thei etore keep a ct uslani supply u. both w ;od aud water at all seasons ut the year. A supply of Clean Fresh Groucri rUeal will be kept on hand at ali times, both for sale and to exchange for coru with till who prefer to do so rather than wait at the mill to have their own corn g ound. The mill.-. tiie provide I with. the necessary machinery fir cleaning com betre n i atoiiiil, there fore tl.e ineal gituud at these mills nil i be of it SUPi:itIOIt QLAI.ITY. Having had 'ong expsrieuce in the util!- 1UR business, I U tl no liesitatiou in sayinu that general sutitfacti'u will le given alt who im-y he p.'eased to fator me with their custom, l.lie SAW MILL DEPARTMENT is also C'-ni lete-and in full operation J'at ties in want of lumber will lind it t their interest tc examine my lumber and piirK l'lore pnrcliusnig elsewhere. ruyl5-4t aOS, J. HALES, Agent. t t- t t-f f t t t The Most Popular Medicine Extant. Thirty Years Since the introduction of Perry Wavis' PAIN-KILLER. : o :- THE PAIN-KILUEP, laenujiil.v applk-abls and efiif acious tQ ' voriiig or old. 1, Is both an, uternal and Exetcrnal reniedv. rpiIE PAlS'-KILLER J. ill cttre Fever acd Ague when other refnedics have failed. TIIE 1'Al -KILLtK iShould be used in the first manifesta tions of ("md or Cough. THE PMN-KILLEIl is tlie oreat Family Medicrine of tbs aae. fHE 1'AIN-KILLElt J Will cure 1'sr ter's Colic. riiaE PAiN-KlLLEH A. lag ut .o caht and. Bnmn. PAI.-KILLEr. Has tl e verdict of the people in, its favor. fllHE PAIN-KILLER Gives universal satudAclion. rilHE PAlN-KliXE JL Beware e knrtatlorja and onn4erfeits. rniai pin.killeii. JL Is almost a certain cure for Cholera, aod has. without doubt, beeu more successful in Curing this terrible disease than any other known reuit dy, or oven, the most eipinent and HkilUul Physicians. Iu India, Africa and Ohm, where this drcadftil disease is ever more r less prevalent, the Pain-Killir is con sidered oy the natives, as well as European residents in tl.ose climates, a Sare Bemedj. maE pain-kilek L Each but tie is wrapped with full dircc tii in s fur nse. THii pain-killer I sold by all Druggists and Dealers in Family Medicines.. royl-lm Administrator's Notice. THE UNDERSIGNED HAVING duly qualified as Administrator tU bonit non, with tlie will annexed, of Henry S Llojd, doceaiwd; All i crsons are b01?13? l'P'itiod to present their clajma to me, drily authenticat ed, on or beiore tbe 1st Aiv, 1874. 10-6t N. M. LAWKKKCE, Pub. Adm. New Jewelry Store. THE SUBSCRIBER HAS FJfiR mancntly located m TarDoro, and will give bin personal attention to the repairing ot Fine Watches, ('locks nd Jewelry. Having 16 years practical expedience in tli basm8s b. guarantees good and effieieut work at moderate prices, and would respect fully solicit a t.hare of the public patronage. Will keep constantly on band a tine selec tion of Walihea. Clocks, Jeicehj, Solid Silver and Vlated Ware, Spectacles, dec. At prices low as can be furnished anywhere, !LI1T Vi.rv il r t W 1 . (rnn.an'aa1 n .. . . ..jl ...... .. .. . . ' fju.t.uu-m A;l rcurcvnica uixm .1 forjttii ure of double tfie price paid for il See Sign ef th Watch, Next door to the old Gregory Hotel opr pogite R. B. AIsotj's. Store. Bespectfully, JAMES H, BELL. Refer to Capt. Wm. Biggg; H. D. Tel, Gen!. W. G. Lewip.; Win.. Uagley; J. 13. Ool' ueltr, and C. C. l.auier. .- rh7-tf Xarl,K. . Tlie Coach lousiness. ESTABLISHED 1857 J. A. WILLIAMSON Havino: resumed the entire ness at bis old stand, Hussey 15ros. Co., respecUully annonqqs to the cit; zens of Edgecombe and adjoining counties, that after Pit A Til Ala EXPKRIKISCt; OF 35 YEA It he feels competent to mal any Southern market in manufacturing No. 1 "Work, and he is now prepared furnish Fine Carriages Phaetons, Buggies, Wagons Carts, Harness and everything embraced in his line of business at, lowest figures, and with neatness, durability and di patch. He solicits a share of the public patroua and before buying, purchasers should call and examf his complete Stock. He offers unequa)led induce, ments, aud will prepay freight on al) kinds of woi to purchasers at any point in Eastern Carolina. Special attention, paid to Repairing and Horse Shoeing. -He "will also attend personally to all w,oik Uroqo to his shops. J. A. WILLIASOy Ap il l73oi. TaRBOMO. N C NORTH CAROLINA STATE ILife Insurance (Company Raleigh, North Carolina. CAPITAL, OFFICERS: SJon. Kfrnj) ?. Battle. Fresldent F. H. Ct:T r., Vice ptc-ident. VV. E. Hicks, Sccreturj O. II. Perry, DIKECTOKS.. Hon. Kemp P. Battl-, lion. Td R CaMwell, Hort. Jobrf W. Cimningliam, Gl T: M. H'.lt, Hon. Win. A. Smith. Dr. W. J. llawkir.s, Hon. . iin M-nmin-'l'.-Htral Y. K Ci.i, I n! L H lltiinphn-v, C Tate Mm phy, C-l "ni K Ait'lersmi, .Vm ItaniM C' l W L Saunders. H T McAden, C1 A A McK-oy, I J T-nne, Jame K Gr. l-am, F II Cameron J C Mcfyte. J S Batchelor, J C Lmke, H alter Clark, W tj ). church, J J DvU, John NiclnKis4 FEATURES AND ADVANTAGES. . . It in emphatically a Home Company. It Urge capital ir"rantee strength and ttafety. lis raten are a lvr a thoe of'ajf flrstt-clas company. It llert dcxirah't; tor-n f inwiiTjtnce. Itn luttds are invested at home a lift circulated among our own pfp'e. No nni'fc -ssrti y restrlctiomt impound tip-.-n resideuce or travel. Policies non-torffital.le after two far. rt-t offivei-H and directors are promimrrtf and well-known North Curobnlans. We expetu n e as businesss men, and whose wtvth and integrity art alone aif,ctn attarantees of the Compa'y's atrepjrtlt. solvewev and Huceetji. TIIEO. H. HILL. Local A:ent, RaU-'ith, N-C. O. H. ? F.KRT. Pupervisin? Agent. . gtTGood Ajrents, with whom liberal contracts will be made, wanted m ctr? citntv in tbe State. . OKItEX UIIIAliaSs, Local Agent, April 17-30,. TAKBUW . STOP AND LOOK. It will do you no bavin, and you will certainly secure some good. JUST FROM THE NORTH with a splendid assortment of Spring and Summer Goods. Embracing everything usually kept in a Firsi-JOhyis Pfy Goods Establtshmen, hie'.udiuj of the tgr.it selection and a g-od stock of MATCH' "W A R E Special attention has been articles x the Gentlemen's Ready Made Clothing, together with a choice selection of Gent's Furnishing Goods & Underwear The finest and largest ever brought to Tarboro. It will do your soul good, if pot your pocket, to examine his Hats and Caps, Neck Ties, &c I5ut come and ce me and I wiU abqw you s'tphta Aprn to..r m S. CLARK CAROLINA PRICES IN ,48 00 per 2,ooo lbs. - as" $53 00 per 2.000 lbs. UTUU Nov. 1, 873 FREE OF tic cutiueugv cujmpiijvn cation to cropg. Quality a- 4 price The Cheapest Manure in market. Pemand More than Doubled Each Succeding Year. Local Agents Through ut tlie State. J. B. COFFIELI ), AGENT. f.K w flrn. TABBOSO, 3ST, C, coatvol of the Coach TW: recently occupied by Messrs" i I i - $200,000 Dr. E- B. HavwrKid. Mediral Din-ctor. Dr. W. I Roysler, As.'t Medical " ' 3, B. Batcltelor, Attorney. Super vising Agent. given to tho selection of department, a large lot ol FERTILIZER! WILMINGTON, INTEKKST. other FwHilers as io result of PP. considerpd, paalte it.