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Western sentinel. [volume] (Winston [i.e. Winston-Salem], N.C.) 1856-1886, May 22, 1857, Image 2

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Truth "Well Spoken.
Tlie tendency of agricultural pursuits is
to give distinctness and strength to home
associations and influences. The greater
communities are made up of the snialler;
and as a community increases in magni
tude it decreases in its local influences.
At the base of all is the divinely appointed
institution of the family, where the greatest
power is concentrated in the hands ut" the
father, who is the patriarch, legislator,
-judge and executor of his household estate.
Living on his own domain, with his wood
lands, pastures, in eadows and hills, and
streams about him, he is supreme, with
only those few and necessary imitations
which the larger community throws around
him. It is here that the influence of wo
man man's first and last comforter on
earthis felt and recognized. It is here
that "she openeth her mouth with wisdom,
and in her tongue is the law of kindness."
It is here that "she looketh well to her
household, and eateth not the bread of
idleness." I
It was at home that Iv'rtig X.emnel learn
ed the 'good" and wise "words that his
mother taught him." Mother ! The sweet
est word in all the babbling languages of
men! It is the mission of woman it is
the holy mission of the mother to impress
upon the young mind the first lessons of
truth, virtue, wisdom and courage; Her
empire . is in the affections of her husband
and children, who "arise up and call her
blessed." .
On the right regulation of these hide
pendent house-holds depends the welfare
of the larger communities which, with
powers more limited, are composed of these
smaller ones. And, so as the influences of
these Associations and Fairs are calculated
to ennoble, dignify and enrich the occupa
tion of the farmer, just so fiir will they
tend to increase s the activeness and the
wholesome influences of his home making
him and the members df his , household,
better citizens of the larger communities.
The family being a divine institution, the
sentiment and the affection upon which it
is based are innate in man. Hence it is
universality. No merely human institu
tion, however perfect, can ever take its
place. Directly, or indirectly, almost all
great and good men have been indebted
for their benificent power and influence,
to the early teachings of parents, and the
genial nurture of home Above all na
tions, we should cherish the famil v relation.
The influence of home was the inspiration
that swelled the great hearts of our fathers
for the struggle which has given freed cm )
to their sons; and we will fail to transmit j
the boon to our descendants, if we enlist j
Tint Tor Its TirACfiT-ntJrii thf IipTtig Iit- ivliJcli
" I ' t
it was originally won. If all homes could i
be made pleasant, and all family relations
fraternal, kind and pure society would lose
its hypocrisy and guile; and mankind,
actuated -by true Christian charily, would
move steadily on, from triumph to triumph
toward the perfection of the Intellectual
and moral nature of man.
The spirit of inquiry, investigation and
enterprise, that has been awakened at the
Township, County and State Fairs, by com-"
petition for premiums on household fabrics,
and on products of the dairy the farm and
the shop, may justly be regarded as a link
in the chain of home education; and this
is a very proper direction for things to take
at this peri cd in our history.
At the, base of the prosperity of any peo
ple lies this great principle make labor
fashionable at home. -Educate, instruct
and encourage, and offer all the incentives
you can. to give interest and dignity to
labor at home. Enlist the heart and intel
lect of the famil v in suimort of a domestic
. . i t -----
system that will make labor attractive at
the homestead. By means of the power
ful influences of early home education,
endeavor to invest practical labor that will
cheer the heart of each member of the
family, and thereby you will give to your
household the grace, peace, refinement and
attraction which God designed a , home
should jssess. -The truth is, ve must talk
more, think more, work more and act more,
in reference to questions relating to home.1
The training and improvement of the
physical, intellectual, social , and moral
power and sentiments of the youth of our
country, requires something more than the
School House, Academy, College, and
University. The young .mind should re-
isn i; juuitiuus uiuiiiiii in me noiu, in me
garden, in the barn, in the workshop, in
the'parlor, in the kitchen in a word,
arouidjthV hearthstone, at home.
Whatever intellectual attainments vour
son may have acquired, he is unfit to go
forth into society ii he has not had thrown
around him the genial and purifying in-
fluencesof parents, sisters, brothers, and r make but :?fair cargo for this novel craft."
the man-saving 'Inflnence of the family j . , . ' -
government. The nation must look "'for j VlIiorr.---Good butter is now , selling' in
virtues-wisdom and strength tp.the cduc.v f this city at 32 cents per lb. " This exorbi
tion that -controls' and: shapes' "the home tant price is accounted for by the -back-policy
of the family circle. There,-,cari be'J vwardncss of Spring, the very bad.condition
no love of country where there is" not love"; of the roads,..and the very small supply In'
of home: r ' Y " :"' -.j; market. Butter now. commands a higher
Patriotism; true and genuine,' ;ihe only j, price "than at any other period during the
kind worthy of the name, derives its mighty- past fire 'years. Albany .'Ar'jys.
strength from ' fountains that gush Out
around the hearth-stone; and those who
forget to cherish the household interests
will; soon learn to look1 with indifference
upon the interests of their common coun
try, . ' : -'
We must cultivate the roots not the"
tops. We must make the family govern
ment, the school, the farm, the church, the
shojr' the agricultural fair the laboratories
of our future greatness. We must educate
our sons to be farmers artisans, architects,
engineers, geologists, botianists, chemists'
in a word, practical men. Their eyes
must be turned from Washington to their
States, counties, townships, districts homes.
This is true patriotism, and the only patriot
ism that will" perpetually preserve the
The "Great Eastern."
We find in a recent number of the Sci-
ent
tiric Vmeriean a description of the new
amshm '"( ire at Eastern.," (now being
ste
bui
liltpitrrpjujl.) ."with drawings of her
acl ;r-MchjU.v;i. expected
m
J- ilmt.rn-rA'tueiJSC leviathan will be launch
ed in July or August next, with all her
engines on board, and will make her first
trip to Portland, Maine, soon after. We
extract the following paragraphs from the
description of her :
"The ship is novel in several important
respects, aside from-her extraordinary dimensions.-
The length entire is G80 feet,
more than an eigth of a mile ; the breadth
at the widest point, exclusive of the paddle-boxes,
&c, is S3 feet, and the depth,
from the upper deck) is 5S feet. Unlike
other vessels whether of wood or iron, she
has ho keel, and, strictly speaking, no
ribs The shell docs not diminish in thick
ness or strength fro in the bottom upwards,
like Other vessels, but is of equal strength
throughout, like an immense tube. The
lower portion, however, up to a line eight
feet above her deepest immersion in the
wafer, is constructed of two thicknesses or
shells 3 feet apart ; the space between be
ing traversed longitudinally by 33 contin
nous strong and water-tight partitions, thus
forming 82 separate iron chambers, each
provided with suitable cocks, by which it
can be filled or emptied at pleasure, to
maintain thd proper trim, or to ballast the
vessel; There are four decks, each of
which strengthens the hull laterally, in the
ordinary manner, and the whole structure
is crossed by strong and water-tight par
titions, each capable of resisting the full
pressure of the water in case the hull
should be damaged and either compart
ment filled. There are ten such transverse
partitions, sixty feet apart, and the hull is,
in fact, designed to be separable, by vio
lence into several separate vessels or sec
tions; and, in addition, there are, through
a large portion of the distance, two longi
tudinal paiitifms, thirty -fcix foot apart, and
extending up to the lower deck.
"The Great-Eastern will be impelled
by a pair of paddle-wheels and a screw.
The paddle-wheels are to be fifty -six feet
in diameter, and are to he provided each
with twenty-eight paddles thirteen feet in
length and three in'depth. These will be
driven not simply by one engine, as is com
mon on our coasting steamers, nor again
by two, as is common on most of our ocean
steamers, but -by four engines coupled in
pairs, one pair for each paddle wheeh
The diameter of each cylinder is seventy
four inches considerably less than those
of most of our large steamers.
The engin-
es are oscillating, .with side valves
an ti
the general arrangement of each" pair is
shown in the engravings. These engines
will work with a nominal power of 1,000'
horses. The screw is tWentv-futtr feet in
diameter, with a pitch of thirty-seven feet;
The" propeller shaft is twenty-four in
ches in diameter. This will also be driven
by four engines, to sub-divide the power,
and either may be disconnected at plea
sure, in case of disarrangement. Screw
engines are necessarily of short stroke.
These have a stroke ejich of four feet, while
the diameter of the cylinders is eighty -four
inches. -
"There will be in all 22 engines, inclu
ding all sizes: 4 for working the screw, 4
for working the paddle-wheels, 2 for wor
king the capstan,' getting up anchors, and
pumping out ship, 2 for revolving the
screw, (to present its creating resistance
when uncoupled and the ship is working
under sail and daddle-wheels;) and 10 don
key engines, or steam pumps, for filling up
boilers. , The large screw engines are al
so fitted with a separate steam cylinder,
to aid foiiU;li)nd cy
linder mighTalmost be rated as a still ad
ditional engine. ' " " .
"The tonnage of this ship, by our gov
ernment measurement, would be about 22,
000 tons. The' displacement of water, or
the actual supporting capacity, will be'
about 27,000 tons. The weight of the hull,
riggiug, and enginery w ill be about 7,000
tons, and a sufficient quantity of coal for a
full , Australian ; voyage is estimated at
from 5,000 to (5,000 tons, leaving a clear
capacity freight of about 14,000 tons. :
"If the very gigantic clipper ship Great
Republic, the mammoth steamship of war
Niagara, and the Collins steamer Adriatic
at this date the largest steamship afloat
were' each to be fully loaded, and then
transferred bodily with their loads into the
hold of the Great Eastern, it would appear.
lroni the fieri, res ' that" the" whole would
WESTERN SENTINEL
FRIDAY, MAY 22,
J. W. ALSPAITGII,') ,.
F. 13. BOEK, ""ors.
Mr. IT. W. ADKINS. of Danburv. is our
aattiorized Agent for Stokes and adjoining Coun
ties. - - -. ' -,'
5B R- - REEVES, Esq., is our authorized,
Agent for the County of Surry."
BT GEO. IT. HAMILTON, Esq., of Jefferson, is
our Agent for the County of Ashe. j
" FOTl CONGRESS,
Alfred M. Scales,
OF KOCKIXGIIAJr.
SmTOEL FOR THE CAMPAIGN.
"Wo will furnish the Sentinel from this issue
until the election in August, for Forty Cents.
Subscriptions are solicited.
jjjpOI'VTMSS&TS
Jress their fellow-c-itizens at the following times
and places, it being Tuesday of the respective
County Courts:
At Jefferson,. , Ashe, Hay 20th.
At Taylorsville, 3 Alexander, June 2d.
At Danbury, ,y Stokes, " 9th.
At Winston,' For-.,) th, " 16th.
Ip50 "Burcion was received too late
for this issue. lie will appear in our next.
. 5r Gotley's Lady's Book for June has
bedn sent us-a "beautiful number !
SP" Several editorial articles prepared
fur tills number, are unavoidably crowded
out.
The Salem Press congratulates the people on
the Democracy's support of "deposit," and
says it is "the same thing as distribution in a
small way."
Therefore, if the editor of the Press should
loan to one individual a sum of money, taking
his due-bill, and make to another a present of
a similar amount he would consider both the
transactions precisely the same, " in a small
wity."
All our readers know that there is a- vasy
difference between the deposit of the surplus
revenue with the States, and the wholesale
squandering and giving away of the propcrty
of the Government. By deposit we propose to
remove from the public treasury, and. restore
to the use of the people, money that has been
unjustly collected from them by means of taxa
tion, thus diminishing, the temptation to corrup
tion and extravagance with the surplus money
in the hands of the Government. We propose
to deposit this money .with the States; not to
give it to them, but to make it subject to be
called for and returned to the General Govern
ment should necessity require. By' distribu
tion of the public lands however, it is proposed
to make free gi-ants of the whole of the public
domain to the States, thus throwing the whole
iuto-rnarkct imrriediatelv, destroying its value,
setting-up .rival prejudices, and forever destroy
ing all peaceful and fraternal relations, between
the States. - 'As to the " proceeds" of the lands,
which it is proposed to distribute, we have al
ready shown, byireliable statistics, that there is
no surplus in the . Treasury arising . from the
sales of the landsr iThe cost of their purchase,
- '-
survey, dsc, &c., has - amounted to more than
the amount for which they . have been sold. ( If
we are to wait, therefore, '"Until the Treasury
contains a surplus arising froinv-the sale of the
public lands, we shall" not only wait a long time,
but we shall wait in vain. The'liite estimate"
by which the Press concludes that North Caro
lina would receive forty millions of dollars by
distribution of the public lands,' would, in case
of the adoption of that policy, be found' to be
wide of the mark.
In fok Ills Siu.EK.--Duringtba canj:as4
for Governor and members of tlie Legisla4
ture, in 185i, the Whig candidates in this
County were felicitous in their descriptions
of the great good to be effected by h dis
tribution of the public lands; y to" effect
whicb, of course, it was nly necessary
to vote their ticket. A triend pf ours 'jre
lated to us tlie other day a coijversation bTe
over heard between two members of that
parry on the day of election; j - v
" The fact is,1' said oie, we ought to
do all we can for our nien, in this contest
especially. The question ?of .distributing
the public lands is one in which we are all
interested, and -I don't see how any sensi
ble man can oppose' it. "Why, one of the
candidates hiinself told me, that if we-got
the landsfmy share would. be; wrorth at
leastifty dollars !'.- ' - ' " .. '
w . - - -
237" The LaFayette Light Infantry of Fay
etteville, celebrated the anniversary of theMeck
lcnbu rg Declaration of Independence on the 20th
instant, 'in - a '"spirited and becoming manner;
,We are indebted to the committee for 71 "polite
invitation to participate in the Dinner given by'
the corps at the I'ayetteville Hotel. r 1
To the "Distrilulioriisls."-iA ' Pill
from tlieir own iTJetlici ie-Box. ,;
Loud and long are the complaints we are ac
customed to hear, about the iinmense land grants
to the new States, for Internal Improvements,
and the injustice done to the old States, because
no land has' been granted to them. This song
has been sung so often and so long, that if there
were any virtue in it, we should think" it would
Ions' since have had its effect; and so it, would,
doubtless, to some extent,' if it had not been
sung by the wrong individuals. . . ,
While we believe that Congress has a right
to grant sections of the public lands " tor ' the
increase of the value of the remainder, ' and
while we believe that in many cases the grants
thus made were in accordance with correct
policy, we do .also think that it has teen carried
too far, and that the greatest caution should be
observed in its regulation. . - " '
The Distributionisfs, however, exhaust the
whole of their stock of wrathy and finished ex
pletives upon the Democratic party, charging
4that it is their policy which is squandering the
lands upon the new States. Those who make
r!'3 charge are the warm personal and, political
who ; supported his administration, and who
strove to elect him President in November last.
Indeed, so great is their admiration for the man,
that thousands of them voted for him with the
full knowledge that the effect of their vote was
to increase, the chandesof the success of our
deepest and deadliest political enemy.
-v- . i 4 j 1 1 -r. iTvii i
I iow, wnat was ine course or iir. xiniuores
! approve and sanct.o.i the great majonty of
these grants? Did he not recommend and
favor them'? To prove that he did, and to show
the grounds which he offered iri . justification of
his course, we eopy an extract from the annual
report of the Secretary of the Interior, under
Mr. Filimore. We may remark too, that the
advocates of Distribution at that time Mr.
Fillmore's own friends-voted almost unan
imously for these grants. Let those who are
now going over the old spell of indignation
against the partiality said to be displayed, and
denouncing the Democrats for it, carefully read
the views held by Jfr, Fillmore and his admin
istration; and if they arc not -satisfied with his
logic-j we pray them to be candid, and to de
nounce him and his "Whig counselSj" also.
Tlie Secretary says:
"In the Territories and new States, where
any of the public lands remain for a long period
unsold, liberal grants should be made for those
great high-ways which to a certain extent, may
be considered local in their character, though
general in their influence, and not conflicting
with the interests of the old States. In this
way, without any expenditure of money, the
general government can greatly increase the
value of the public domain. It has never made
such a donation without being fully repaid.
The principle of granting alternate sections,
4uid selling those Tcserv'cd at double the ordinary
piMce, has been found, by experience, to be most
salutary. By reason of the improvements
made with such grants, large tracts of laud,
that had lain waste, have been brought into
market and found a
reau v
sale: the surround-
ing country has been peopled; the revenue has
been augmented by the increased consumption
of foreign merchandise; and the States in which
the improvements have been thus made, and
not unfrequently the adjacent States, have beerf
largely benefited. Without these donations,
and consequent improvements, some of the
finest portions or the new States, would have
continued a wilderness; lands that had been
for fifteen or twentv vears in the market,
might have remained as much longer unsold,
and thus the prosperity and advancement of
the whole country been greatly retarded. The
loss to the government Mould have been seri
ous, without any corresponding benefit. The
true policy is, to bring the lands into market,
and, by all legitimate means, to dispose of
them as soon as possible,"
And" -Mi. Fillmore's own Commissioner of
the Land Office, in a Report submitted by hivn,
makes the following statements 4- ;
""Vvhere grants have been made by alternate
sections, reserving every other section to the
government, .and doubling the miuimum price
of the lands thus reserved, the government has
gained as before stated, and also directly by
the enhanced value of the land among such im
provements. . "' , iv "
The grant for the Mobile and Chicago Rail
road, made by the act of the 20th September,
1850, so far as the State of Illinois is concern
ed, where the selections have been completed
and the lands retained v by the government
brought into market, . is strongly in point in
support of this view. Here the greatest anxiety
Was manifested to obtain lands along the road,
even at the enhanced minimum, and thousands
of acres were disposed of that would -: probably
;Jhavc rexnainedunsold for many. years. ; -
:f So fiir, then, as the grants of this character
''are i concerned, the severest criticism cannot
Justly charge them as violations of the compacts
with the several States from which they were
acquired, to wit, that theyshould .be considered
a coromonYund for the use and benefit of all the
States." . .
3ir" Col. Fury ear's absence from "Wash
ington after the adjournment of the regu
lar session of Congress, is. paraded in the
columns of the Standard ancl,Jhe Sentinel,
for political effect, when it is aw.ell known
fact that he was "present at the, extra ses
sion of Congress, and voted for the Keven-ue-Bill,
the principal bject'ofthe extra
session being the passage of said bilh-4 But
there is not a word said about Craige
and other Democratic members, .repeated
. dly absenting tliemsel ves from ; Congress
to attend.-W their ' private business. 'Oh
no! they are rery- excusable, of course!
. - Salem Press. ,
' "We submit, in air candor, if the above
isn't a clincher. Wo consider Ihe, argu
ment knocked1 completely- into a cocked
hat. , - - r ; , '
' 'How are the. facts? ' Our readers" well
remember - that ' tlie Black Republican
House" of Kcpresentatives of the last Con
gi-ess refused to4 support the regular appro
priation bills for carrying on the opera
tions of the Government, unless they were
allowed to couple with them an odious and
unconstitutional amendment. They had
carried this factious and treasonable oppo
sition to the Government so far as to ad
journ without passing the bills thus leav
ing the government powerless, and unable
to perform its constitutional functions.
But the President was equal to the emer
gencydetermined that no exertion should
be wanting on his part to restore integrity
and vitality to the government. Immedi
ately after the adjournment, therefore, he
issued his proclamation for an extra ses
sion, calling upon the members to prevent
the disastrous results which a failure to
pass the necessary appropriations must re-,
suit in.
Col. Puryear was in "Washington City
when this proclamation from the President
was issued. He knew the nature and im
portance of the business to be transacted.
His vote, as aJSputhern jmagyaTtd.a'conser
yative citizen, was needed Ton" the occasion.
The presence of every Representative who
felt any love for his country, any respect
for law and order, was imperatively re
quired. But in view of all this, Mr. Pur
year disregards the call, leaves "Washing
ton and returns home, remarking, it is said,
that "the Democrats had got the country
into a fuss, and they might get it out." It
is true that he afterwards returned ; for
the storm of indignation with which 'his
conduct was met by his constituents, forc
ed him to do so. While he was absent,
however, the public money was being
spent in support of the extra session, and
every hour of his absence served to pro
long the extent of the sitting. We .appeal
to the patriotism and high sense of justice
of the people of the Sixth District, if such
a man is worthy to represent them in the
councils of the nation.
But the Press says that Mr; Craige, and
other Democratic members, frequently ab
sented themselves, and nothing is said of
it. True; but when they did so, they pair
ed off, in every case, with a Black Repub
lican, and consequently their absence was
not felt. Mr. Craige and all the other mem
bers from this State, with the exception of
Messrs. Puryear and E. G. Reade, were
present during tlie whole of the extra ses
sion.
Whenever,
at other times, thev
were compelled to leave, if there was any
matter of importance pending, thejT al
ways made an arrangement by which the
interests oY their constjtuenci'wcie seenr
ed from injury by their absence. !N"ot so
with Mr. Puryear. He left at a most dan
gerous and critical moment, and without
adopting any such precaution.
This is the charge we brought against
Mr. Puryeai-j and we reiterate it. The op
position may wince and wriggle, but they
cannot disprove it.
OJ-AAlOIi OLiir,J-.KIA JTAKIS.-i.Urj VV aiSl).
the Paris Correspondent of the ISr. Y. Jour
nal of Commerce, in his letter of April Gth,
save: ' - "
"Senator Sumner has been in this Capi
tal a forthright or more. I have seen him
only once, and then he' was pressing with
a quick stride on the Rue de Ilivoli. . Eng
lish gentlemen who hare been seated near
him at the Galignaui Reading Room, men
tion that they were struck with his ath
letic frame, and could discover no traces
of ill health. We may anticipate a com
plete recover'. No French notice of his
presence has yet appeared to my knowl
edge. There is an attempt to get up an
American dinner for him, which we may
presume will fail; the less eclat and diffu
sion for our domestic dissensions, the bet
ter. Mr. Sumner has left his card at the
hotel of the minister, Mr. Mason ; the lat
ier caused his card to be left at the lodg
ings of the Senator. This, I believe, is all
that has passed between them."
Mr. Sumner is very feeble while in the
United States but strong and athletic
when in Europe. He is certainly a most
depraved and unprincipled, creature. He
is a well educated man, it is, true but so
was Aaron Burr. Mr. (MfeW "caused
his card to be left at the lodgings of the
Senator." Even that was going too far.
The American Minister should have held
no intercourse, even by card, with the in
famous libeller of fifteen States of this
Union. - ' -
c 1 O i "Y" nr. Tir 1 t !
J3 The Publishers, Messrs., Fulton and
Price, of the Wilmington Journal, have our
thanks for a copy of the Address of Joshua G;
Wright, Esq., at the Celebration of the battle
of Moore's Creek Bridge, on the 27 th Februa
ry last. " "'
S-The Magistrates of Chatham County
have proposed a subscription of $50,000 by
that County, to the stock of the Western Raib
road, and the people are to vote upon the ques
tion on the 6th August next. , - " '-. , .
. Celebration at Jamestown Va. On Wed
nesday; the ldth mst.j the two hundred and fif
tieth anniversarjvof the settlement of James,
town was celebrated on the site of that ancient
town, by a large 'concourse of the ; citizens of
Virginia. ; " Ex-Prcsident Ty ler delivered , the
Oration", and James Barron Hope read & Poem
suitable' to. the occasion,-, . I .
For the Sentinel.
, Discussion at Lexington. .
Messrs. EDrTorts. The discussion between
Mr. Scales, the Democratic candidate, for Con-
gress m mis urstnet, ana , uoi. furyear, tne
American candidate, came off!, as was expected,
at this place on Tuesday last. This dicussiqn,
as it was the opening of the campaign, . was
looked to with a good deal of interest" by' the
friends of the respective candidates. The County
Court of Davidson was : in session, but ,by re
fltiesf having adjourned at 12 o'clock, for the
day, the entire afternoon was consumed by the
speakers. I shalt - endeavor in v this- article.
Messrs. Editors, to lay before' your "readers,
who could not have the opportunity of hearing
the speeches,' the principal issues which were
made by the speakers. Col. .Puryear led off,
commencing at 1 o'clock, and in a very labored
effort of more than two hours, endeavored to
give an account of his stewardship, and to
satisfy his constituents that his' course in Con
gress, was consistent with the best interests of
the South, and the perpetuity of the Union.
We submit to your readers however, thaif thc
Col. was evidently on an up-hill exDedition.
carrying a heavy weight on this occasion, and
that he entirely failed in his object. He opened
his speech " with the same old song" that he
had again been called upon by the unanimous
voice of a large and respectable Convention, to
hoAAmD ft ronri in n t o orm Airiiniinrt-t 1 1-
consistent with his own wishes, and the best
interests of his domestic affairs, yet he did not
feel himself at liberty to decline: after having
thus introduced himself, he charged upon the
Democratic party," the odium and responsibility
of placing Mr. Banks, the Black Republican in
the Speakers chair of the House, of the last
Congress, for which he knew, when he brought
the charge,-and which Mr. Scales in his reply,
very clearly showed, that he, Col. Puryear, and
his confederated Know Nothing friends were
responsible. He endeavored to justify his
factious vote for Mr. Fuller for speaker, who at
the same time was voting .fur Mr. Pennington,
a Black Republican for the same office, and his
argument Mas about this; that although the
Democratic party had seventy-five members, yet
they oughttopermitthefewKnow Nothingsthere
to select a man of their own party ; and merely
because he had been a Democrat, they ought to
support him. What an absurdity !. and you
may be assured that Mr. Scales handled this
subject well. Col. Puryear then introduced the
subject of the distribution of the proceeds of the
public lands, and took the grounds for distribu
tion, which have been occupied by the opposi
tion for the last thirty years. He did not, as
I am awsre of, introduce any new argument on
this question, but tlie whole burden of this part
of his speech, which took up at least two. thirds of
his time, was, that North Carolina ought to get
her shear of the public lands. .lie reminded the
people "of their "heavy" taxes and of the debt
contracted by our State, and then implored
them in agony and in sweat, to support him,
and he would relieve them of these burdens, by
getting their shear of the public lands. Mr.
Scales, in reply upon this question, was forcible
and clear. lie reminded bis hearers of the
fiff't, that Col. Puryear, when canvassing this
District with Mr. Boyd, had taken the same
ground and made the same fair promises, and
then challenged him to show what he had done,
during his four-years in Congress to redeem
those promises. He reminded his audience of
the fact, and no doubt many of your readers
will recollect it, that two years ago, Col. Pur
year in canvassing this District, as his position
was a little equivocal, was called upon to tell
the people, that in the event of a contest, be
tween an old line Whig, who was a distribu
tion ist, and a Know Nothing Democrat, an
anti-distributionist, which of the two would he
support; and his reply was that he would sup
port .the Know Nothing Democrat, thereby
showing that he was. a - better . Know Nothing
than distributionist. , " Upon these grounds, Mr.
Scales charged . that -this was a mere hobby,
fixed up to impose upon the people, and by
mnkinir fair nromises to catch their vots. Mr
Scales showed very clearly, to every unpre
judiced mind, that the position occupied by the
Democratic par ty upon this question, is the
only true one, and that a distribution of the
public lands would be alike unconstitutional.
inexpedient, and detrimental to the best interest
of the States. He stated that the tax paid by
North Carolina annually, amounted to about
$300,000, and contended that the proceeds of
the public lands should go into, the treasury for
the support of the general government, and that
the tariff should be reduced, so as to prevent
this continual drain, which is now. sucking the
very life-blood from our State. It seems,
Messrs. Editors, that this is to be made the
principal issue by the opposition ; but if in its
manhood and vigor, it couJd, not . withstand the
touchstone applied by Democratic principles,
how can they hope to win by it now, exhumed
as it is and exposed in , its" grave-clothes and
deformity. Col. Pury car's next position was,
that Americans shall rule America,'' and with
this, concluded hispeceh." You will readily
perceive from' this, that his speech was but an
illustration of his ''comprehensive letter of ac
ccpfcahcej'' as it has been called, that if you will"
add to distribution, that other principle " that
Americans shall rule America" " vou will have
his creed. . , ' " ,
- Mr4 Scales in ns . reply, in addition - to
.Col, Puryear, called the attention of the audi-'
enco to the fact, that he had not said one word
about hia ''vote upon the Nebraska Bill, and
called upon him to state how he stood upon that
measure since the Supremo Court had decided
that he voted, 'unconstitutionally ; the CoY.
answered that if he was; a political . sinner on ,
that or any .other question, he was, a stubborn
one, for he had not changed1 ;, but when pressed
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