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DAVID FULTON, Editor. JULMED E.. JPJRMCE-) and VPaosai DJtriD JFVLTOJT 3 . OTJR COUNTRY, LIBERTY, AKD GOD VOL. 1. WILMINGTON, N. C, FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 15, 1844. NO,. 9. PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAY MORNING. TEEMS OF THE WILMINGTON JOURNAL: Two Dollars and fifty cents if paid in advance. 4o no at the end of three months, r . . I , c .- q fin ai Hie CApHJlUlMI Ul JKait ai me expirauuii ui me year. discontinued until all arrearages are id except at the option of the publishers. No Su-!.nt;rtn received for less than twelve months, ...wrintion recei ADVERTISEMENTS Inserted at one dollar per square of 16 lines or less for the first, and twenty-five cents for each succeeding insertion. 25 per cent will be deduc ted from an advertising bill when it amounts to thirty dollars in any one year. Yeault standing advertisements will be inserted at $10 per square. All legal advertisements charged 25 per cent k'-Wf the number of insertions are not marked on the advertisement, they will be continued until ordered out, and charged for accordingly. (-v-jjetters to the proprietors on business con nected with this establishment, must be post paid. OFFICE on the south-east corner of Front and Princess streets, opposite the Bank of the State. OP EVERY DESCRIPTION, Neatly executed and with dispatch, on liberal terms for cash, at the JOURNAL OFFICE. BLANKS, Of every description may be had at the office of the " Journal" as cheap as can be procured in the Stite, for cash. Any blanks wanted, and not on hand, will be printed at he shortest possible no tice. 4&9 Market-Street Wilmington, N. C. QHats and Caps at wholesale and retail. 7tf G E 0 R C E W . D A V I S , MERCHANT, LONDON'S WHARF, Wilmington, N. C. Oct. 4th, 1844. 3-1 Receiving and Forwarding Agent, AKD General Commission Jit er chant, Next door North of the New Custom-house, WlLMINGTOX, N. C. GILLESPI5 & ROBESON, JA to J5 JY T S Fmr tfae sale of Timber, Lumber, and all oilier kinds of Produce. Spt. 21, 1844. 1-tf Auctioneer & Commission Merchant, WILMINGTON, N. C. Liberal ad arnces made on shipments to his friends in Neiu York. September 21, 1844. 1-tf. Wholesale & Retail Druggist WILMINGTON, X. C. THE JOURNAL. FOREIGN. By the arrival of the steamship Hibernia, it Boston on the 2d inst., we have London dates to the 3d and Liverpool to the 4lh Oct. The news is altogether uninteresting. Bohemia will join the German Customs Union, by way of experiment, for five years. The price of wheat at Mark Lane is now 38s. to 54s. per quarter; and bread has conse quently fallen in price, being from 5d.to 7d. the four-pound loaf. There has been a slight decline in Cotton in the face of increased sales. The grain markets were dull. Business in the manufacturing districts was good brisk. There continued a rage for railway shares in England for investment. The English Money Market was buoyant. Louis Phillippe has returned to France. Mr. Everett, the American Minister, who has been absent for some time on the Conti nent, has returned to England. A Frankfort journal states from Bremen that 3000 emigrants from the North of Ger many are waiting there for embarkation to Texas, on the territory purchased by a com pany at Frankfort. The Bank of England at their half yearly meeting on the 18th ult., declared a dividend of 3 per cent. It was stated at the meeting that the Branch banks yielded a small profit. Commercial. The demand for Cotton, says Kilmer's European Times, throughout the week has been considerable, and the quantity offering is large. The committee of brokers have reduced the quotation of fair Upland to Hi fair Mobile to4d,and fair Orleans to 4d. These prices are within of the lowest prices f last vear for the same oualitv. Some hoi- i j t 1 . ders are waiting further accounts, and others This calm has been made in compliment to are pushing their stocks on the market, rather ! the friends of Ireland, who have not, as yet, man await the issue of another crop. The Ijoined the repeal standard. We anxiously a tendency of the market is in favor of the buy- wait their patriotic co-operation. But should er; the market in fact, is looking down. The j they allow the present favorable occasion to sales yesterday were between 400 and 5,000 'escape, they may hereafter regret not having uigs. in me course of the week 1,200 Amer ican and 200 Surats have been taken on spe culation; and 400 American, 800 Surat, and 100 Pemarns, for export. The grain markets are dull. On foreign Parley the import duty has advanced to 4s., and that on Rye has receded to 6s. 6d the only changes effected in the averages up to fhursday last. A little business has been ! floinor in forp icrn Whpnt. Knt nthpr Hpr.rintl - - mmmrm-i ' 1 v 1 1 o ; 'ere extremely dull. English and Irish flour, j nnough taken spanngly,maintain quotations, Canadian Stalfi rlonr mepts attpntinn.n modfr- j quantity changing hands. United States' rates le6n Q request, at the previous la the manufacturing districts business has rn "sk this week. In Oldham the spin ed 5everal lar2e coUon mills have obtain 25 vance to the amount of a penny a E uhanks At stalyb"dge, and other wa emPlyer8 have agreed to advance ges five per cenC a sufficient proof that trade is not only brisk bnt flourishing. In Yorkshire the cloth halls have been doing more business. The accounts from Leicester state, that so dull an October has not been known for years. The money market continues buoyant, and the rage for new railway investments is as strong as ever. The recent excellent harvest gives token of prosperity for another year at . .iwnn.. i m& jiuimvui KJi social horizon, at home or abroad, to cause misgivings or despondency. The probability is that with a superabundance of money perabundance ot money which cannot find profitable investment, the race of speculation will continue. The great demand for Belgian Woollens by the American trade, for transhipment for Chi na, has fixed the attention of the Netherland manufacturers upon the subject, in order to see whether, by shipping woollens themselves and getting tea in return for them, which they can sell in England, they may not do better. There has been an entire absence of demand says the European Times, for any description of United States Securities since our last pub lication. No one sale has transpired, but at the same lime we must remark that there has been little stock offiering in the Market. IRELAND. The weekly meeting of the Repeal Associa tion, was held as usual, on the 14th inst. J. P. Somers, Esq., M. P., who occupied the chair, spoke rather warmly, declaring "his firm conviction that neither tue petty-fogging pertinacity of a jury packing Attorney General, supported by the more profound and infamous iniquity of the Government, can fbr one mo- went retard the accomplishment repeal, and in the same breath denouncing theaid Attorney General as a "sordid and degraded placeman." A very lonr letter from Mr. O'- Connell, occupying nearly four columns of the Irish papers, was read. It commenced in the following terms : " I am extremely anx ious to bring the emphatic attention of the as sociation to that which I deem the most im portant of all the duties which thev have to perform at the present most auspicious period. that ever was achieved by purely moral means. The victory of Waterloo was the mere triumph of physical force combined with military or ganization. It was a brutal and a bloody scene, & much of what are called its glories depended upon chance and accident. Ours, on the-con-trary, was the triumph of the, first principles of civil liberty, and of the judicial merits of our glorious cause. That which triumphed was the great constitutional principle which sanctions the right of free discussion to the inhabitants of these realms. It was that prin ciple which battled with, and triumphed over, the well arranged conspiracy to cntinguish popular sentiment, and to limit and restrain the efficacy of peaceful popular exertions." Alter some further observations on the trial, Mr. O'Connell proceeds to inform the asso ciation that, "Upon the subject of repeal, near nine-tenths of the Irish people are perfectly a greed. They are convinced of its necessity. They have no doubt of its practicability." He holds this assertion to have been already sufficiently proved by the forty-one monster meetings, and, therefore, he deems the repeti tion of such meetings, at least for the present, unnecessary. " Having thus," says he, "in favor of rpnpnl f hp nvprwhelmino- maioritv of the Catholic population, clergy and laity, and having also been joined by many, very many Protestants, by alargebody of Presbyterians, and by some other enlightened Protestant dis- ... senters, it only remains for us to conciliate and combine the residue of the Protestants of every class and description. This, I repeat, is our task our duty our pleasing duty." He assumes that what " prevents the remain der of the Protestants of all descriptions from joining for the repeal" is"not any disinclination to have Ireland legislated for by an Irish Par liament," but "idle jealousies and unfounded fears" of Catholic ascendancy, civil and ec clesiastical. On the part of the Catholics, he solemnly declares that they desire no such as- cendancy, but only perfect equality, such as can be secured by the repeal of the Union a lone. He proceeds to cite ten or a doz en proofs of this declaration, and then explains at great length, the distinctions be tween federalists and " simple repealers, -leaning rather to the belief that the former asks more for Ireland than the latter. " For my own part," says he, " I will own that since I have come to contemplate the specific differences, such as they are, between 'sim ple repeal' and 'federalism,' I do at present feel a preference for the federative plan, as tending more to the utility of Ireland and to the maintenance of the connection with Eng land, than the mode of simple repeal. But I must either deliberately propose or deliberate ly adopt from some other person a plan of a federative union, before I bind myself to the opinion which I now entertain." He invites the federalists to come forward and propound their plans. "The federalists," says he, "cannot but perceive that there has been, upon my part, a pause in the agitation, for the repeal since the period of our liberation from unjust imprison ment ; they must perceive that, on the part of the repealers, every passion has been hushed, and all the energy of complaint suppressed, in the expectation of a federal movement. obtained that influence in the repeal cause which every body is now ready to give them, but which they may hereafter iind it exceed ing difficult, if not impossible, to obtain." He declares these two propositions to be per fectly undeniable: " First That matters can not remain as they are in Ireland, but that the repeal movement must accumulate in power obstacle. Se- UllU 1 11(11 till JL 1 4 V I O 11 lliUHsJi VWWM duct the affairs of Ireland upon a Protestant or Orange principle." The letter concludes in the following terms : " Let us then be ac tive, energetic, conciliatory. Let us, if pos sible, combine all classes, but let us not for get that we have already more than moral force enough to render a long resistance to a peaceable and legal repeal of the Union im possible. It is a mere question of time. The repeal itself is certain. Hurrah then for re . peal." On motion of the Hon, Mr. Hutchin son, it was unanimously resolved that the let ter should be inserted on the minutes. The meeting was addressed at considerable length by M. O'Connell, H. G rattan, Captain Bro derick, and Dr. Nagle, on various topics, the principal of which were, the alleged appoint ment of Lord Ellenborough as Lord Lieuten ant, which was heartily denounced English injustice to Ireland ; and the exposure of the polish injustice to Ireland ; and the exposure of the police spy system at Chinrone. The week's rent was announced to be 406 17s. 4d. Nine parishes in Kilkenny county refuse contributing to the repeal rent. This county was once the stronghold of repeal. From the Philadelphia Enquirer. Feuds among Friends and Relatives. RECONCILIATION. It is surprising to notice from what trivial causes serious difficulties will sometimes arise. A word, a jest, the hasty expression of the moment, has, iq many instances, broken the friendship of years, and been the first cause of a bitter, remorseless, and undying feud. Alas ! for poor human nature. The prejudi ces and passions of the heart, the selfishness and malevolence of men, are too often the sourees, not only of unkindness and pain to others, but of perpetual disquiet and unhappi ness to themselves. There are in the world, too, individuals who appear to take delight in fomenting trouble, in inc ensing misunder standings, in widening imparting addi tional rancour to difficulties between friends. These malignant hypocrites, for they deserve no better appellation, generally profess to be extremely anxious to adjust the trouble, to re store the confidence, and reconcile the feelings of the excited. They, however, at the same time, contrive by an artful word, or a half ad mitted insinuation, to embitter and infuriate both parties, and thus to convert into little better than fiends, individuals who a few years, or perhaps a few months before, would not have hesitated to make any sacrifice for he assistance of each other. It is, moreover a strange perversity in many minds, to be un willing to acknowledge an error, or repair a wrong. They are naturally perverse ar.d dogged, and, by some strange process of rea soning, endeavor to convince themselves that they are acting under the influence of princi ple and honor, when, in fact, they are govern ed by very different motives. " Blessed are the peace-makers !" How often may a truly benevolent friend, one who is disposed to do what is right without any malignant motive, one who really wishes well to all about him, and to mankind at large, step in, and by the exercise ot prudence, moderation and toibar i -v i. -r-r i lanthropic is the 3 spirit which animates such mind! How much better thus to heal and adjust, than, by a contrary course, to irritate and per plex ! The work of reconciliation is truly Christian. It is calculated to bring peace to many a troubled breast, to soothe and give balm to many an agitated mind and wounded heart to convert hatred into love, harshness into kindness, and to make us, by reflection on the past, ashamed of our moments of pet ulance and passion, and anxious to avoid such errors and imperfections for the future. What nobler task could an individual be en-grao-ed in, than that of bringing together friends and relatives who had been long separated separated too by some trivial cause, by some hasty word, by some harsh expression or al lusion, which at the time, was not meant to offend or wound. It is so easy at times, and especially when one is peevish, fretful, and out of humor, to imagine insult where noth ing of the kind was intended. We all, too, have peculiar moods. We have our hours of gloom, discontent, and dissatisfaction. At such times we are universally sensitive. The slightest thing will stir us in'o passion, or in duce us to utter something harsh or complain ing. It is at such moments that difficulties arapt to arise. We cannot bear even ordi nary railing, while the remotest allusion to any offensive subject or sore point, is at once regarded as an act of wrong and outrage. This too, we know, and realiae ourselves in our calm and thoughtful moments. But we lack the nerve tc admit the error, to take back the harsh expression we may have used, to proffer an apology, and to hold out the hand of reconciliation. How fatal has this obsti nacy been to the happiness of many ! A slight offence, and perhaps one that was never intended, has increased with the strength of yeas, by the nursings of moody thought, the insinuations and misrepresentations of preten ded friends, and thus, what might have been explained in a breath, what would have been forgiven promptly and generously, had the first word of atonement or explanation been uttered, has rankled and deepened until the fearful feelings of hatred and revenge have become dark features of our nature. Better, faii')etter, in every case, where a doubt exists as to the propriety of our own course, to stretch out the hand of reconciliation. Better to for give, once, twice, aye, a dozen times, than mistake or misapprehend, and on such fatal error, to foment a deadly and undying enmi ty. ' It has been eloquently and beautifully said, " that when the veil of Death has been drawn between us and the objects of our re gard, how quick sighted do we become to their merits, and how bitterly do we then re member words or looks of unkindness which may have escaped U9 in our intercourse with .hem. How oareful should such thoughts render us in the fulfilment of those offices of affection which it may be in our power to per form ! for who can tell how soon the moment may arrive, when repentance cannot be fol lowed by reparation." The Brazil Trade. We do not appreciate the nature and extent of our Brazil trade and its future increase as we should do. In the article of coffee alone, the Brazils produced last year 170,000,000 lbs.; Java, 140,000,000; Cuba. 45,000,000 ; and the remainder of the crops come from the West Indies, Mocha, &c. &c. It appears, therefore, that the Brazils take the lead in the cultivation of the coffee plant, which at three cents per lb. yield a handsome profit, and the Brazilian coffee, which is a favorite article, will in time, super sede the use of several other qualities. We oucrht to make efforts to secure and extend our trade with Brazil. In time it will be excee dingly valuable. England has been throwing manv obstacles uncalled for and unexpected in the way of her trade ; so that the opening is broadly before us for driving a profitable business with that country. N. Y. Sun. ance, reconcile a uithculty. How truly pn.Whis fortunp ' A Roland for an Oliver. A CLEVER STOUY. On the evening of the 20th January 1795, the city of Amsterdam was thrown into an un usual state of bustle and confusion by the en trance of the French army under Pichegru. While the troops with piled arms awaited their billets and rations, the inhabitants hastened to illuminate in honor of their arrival, and in spite of the piercing cold thronged to welcome the tired heroes. Amid the general rejoicings, one house a lone remained with enclosed doors and dark ened windows. It was the dwelling of the wealthy merchant, Woerden who wholly oc cupied in his business, cared little for politics, still less for the arrival of the French, and was far too careful of hi3 money to waste it like Ins neighbors in illuminations. Wrapped in his fur dressing gown, a seal skin cap drawn closely over the few grey hairs time had left on his head, he had wheeled his easy chair close to the chimney, as he rubbed his hands over the brisht coal fire, seemed lost in reverie, from which neither the beer i can, nor long clay pipe on the table at his side, had power to rouse him. All at once the silence was interrupted by a violent ring at the house bell. The old man started, and turning to a stout red-cheeked servant, who seated at a respectful distance, was occupying hersell in knitting. See who it is, Jacqueline,' said he, 'that comes to disturb us at this unseasonable hour.' In a few minutes a tall young man entered and throwing off his cloak, saluted the mer chant as father. 'Ha ! is it you, Wilhelm ! I did not expect you back so soon.' 'I have just rturned from Broek,' replied the other, 'and should have arrived long ago, had not the road been so encumbered with troops and idlers.' 'Have you seen Van ElburgfP 'Yes ' answered the young man, taking his seat by the fire, 'and he consents to my mar riage with his daughter, but refuses to give more than four thousand ducats as her dow ry.' 'Then he may take both ducats and daugh ter,' said the merchant angrily. 'But consider, father 'Consider what?1 interrupted Woerden. 'There is nothing to consider. I know that at your age love outweighs gold, but time will teach you, that when poverty comes in at the door, love soon flies out at the window.' 'Yes, father!' argued the young man, 'Van Elburg is one of the richest men in the coun try, and sooner or later his daughter must have J ap 'Tut tut!' said Woerden ; 'Van Elburg knows well what he is about, but cunning as he is, he shall not put a bad bargain on me. As for you Wilhelm, I have promised to give you up my business, and now recommend your taking a word of advice with it ; never give more than you receive, and always con sider yourself before other people in your trans actions; rely on it, that is the only way to prosper in business as well as love. And now we will drop the subject.' The young man knew his father's humor too well to press the matter, at least at that moment. As he sat brooding in silence over his dis appointment, the house bell again rang, and the tread of a horse's feet was heard in the court-yard, while the dog commenced a furi ous barkingt 'It is certainly a stranger this time !' said Mynheer Woerden, 'there is no mistaking the dog's bark.' He was interrupted by the servant bringing in a packet. 'Commissariat department!' said her mas ter, with no little surprise, as he opened it ; but an expression of uneasiness which had at first slightly contracted his features, changed into one of pleasure as he read on: 'An order to deliver four hundred thousand herrings for the use of the French army,' he continued: 'a very acceptable commission. Wilhelm!' he suddenly exclaimed after a short pause. Wilhelm? you shall marry Van Elburg's daughter, and he shall give her a handsome dowry in spite of himself !' 'How say you, my dear father!' replied the son, unable to believe his senses at this sud den change. 'Leave all to me, Wilhelm,' said Woerden. ;Order our horses to be saddled by day breakfcand mind that I am called in time, for we must be at Broek before twelve o clock ; and now good night?' The rising sun saw our travellers on the road to that celebrated village, where cleanli ness is carried to such an extent, that before entering the streets both farther and son, in compliance with invariable custom, were o bliged to dismount and leave their horses to the care of a servant. At the door of Van Elburg's house they were required to do what a few years later neither Napoleon nor the emperor of Alexander were exempted from; ano, taking on their boots, replaced them with slippers before they were allowed to enter the room where he sat with his daughter Clo tilde. 'Good morning, Mynheer Woerden,' said he, shaking his friend warmly by the hand. 'Have you been frightened out of your good gity by the French, that you honor me so ear ly with a visit?' 'Not at all, Van Elburg!' said the other. I care nothing about the French, and as I never meddle with politics it is quite immaterial to me who governs our town. But I am come to make you a proposal. I have undei taken to furnish the Commissarat with four hundred thousand herrings on this day month, and I wish to know it it wilt suit you to procure them for me in three weeks?' 'At what price?' asked his friend. 'Ten guilders per thousand.' 'Ten guilders,' repeated the other musing ly. 'i ou shall have them. 'Draw out the contract then, said Woerden, 'and when it is signed I shall be happy to partake of your hospitality, for my ride has given me an appetite. 1 hen looting at Mo tilde, he continued 'I have come to arrange another matter too, which we can discuss af ter dinner. It was in vain that, during the evening, Woerden tried every argument to change his friend's resolution respecting his daughters fortune. After a warm discussion, he was o bliged to give up the point, and the marriage was at last fixed for the following week. Next day, as Wilhelm & his father returned home, the former could not refrain from ex pressing some curiosity concerning the cause of this happy change in his prospects. 'What do you mean?' asked the old man. 'Have you not given up the point about his daughter's fortune ?' 'I should have thought you knew me bet ter,' replied Woerden, looking slyly at his son. ' But no matter it is sufficient that you marry the girl you like.4 Once more at borne, the merchant shut him self in his office until the evening when he appeared with a packet of letters, which were immediately sent to the post. On the day appointed for the marriage, Wilhelm and his father arrived at Broek where they found a large party of friends and rela tions assembled to meet them. Van Elburg welcomed them with,cordiality, but there was an expression of care and embam ssment on his face, that at first made the bridegroom fear some fresh obstacle to his happiness. -The elder Woerden, howevert in no way shared in his sons anxiety for he could give a tolerable good guess at the cause of his host's uneasi ness. ' Mynheer Van Elburg !' he eXclaimed, 'what can be the matter? Are you unwell. 'No, my dear friend,' replied the other, 'not ill, but in the most enpleasant dilemma pos sible I must speak with you immediately in private.' - 'Is it anything respecting the marriage?' asked Woerden. 'If you wish to be off your word, it is still time.' 'Not for the world.' 'In that case we will proceed to the church at once. You know I like to do things regu larly; and as I came here to see my son mar ried, we will finish that business first, and then I shall be happy to hear what you have to say.' There was no remedy; and it was not until after the happy pair had been made man and wife, that Van Elburg could succeed in catch ing his friend alone. 'I am bound to deliver you four hundred thousand herrings in fourteen days,' said he, 'and not a single fish can I get at any price. Woerden could not restrain his laughter. 'I dare say not,' he replied, 'I bought them all up long ago.' 'In that case, of course our contra! is at an end,' said Van Elburg, looking doubtfully at his friend. 'By no means; or at least on certain condi tions. We have this day united our children, Van Elburg, and shall leave them a handsome fortune when we die. But as regards trie pre sent, matters are less fairly arranged. My son received a capital business, while you on ly give your daughter four thousand ducats. Now as I did not like to make the young peo pie unhappy by refusing my consent to their marriage, 1 thought you and 1 would settle the matter anather way. You have to deliver four hundred thousand herrings at ten guilders per thousand, or I don't part with a single tail 1 he difference is exactly sixteen thou sand guilders, which I intend you to pay over to my son as his wife s dowry. Van Elburg looked rather foolish during this explanation, but at the end he gained his self-possession, and even smiled as he said, clapping the other on the shoulder, 'You have outwitted me, Mynheer Woeiden, and 1 must pay the penalty, so say no more about it. And now let us join our friends again. Eight days afterwards Van Elburg went to visit his daughter at Amsterdam, and in his turn found Woerden in the greatest perplexi ty- 'You are the very person I wanted,' said he, seizing his hand: 'Unless you can assist me I am a ruined man. The herrings are all rea dy, but high or low, not a barrel is to be found. Van Elburg's little grey eyes twinkled chrt ningly. 'Every man for himself, Woerden you bought the fish and I bought the barrels. But as an old friend 1 won't take advantage of you, and you shall have as many as you want for exactly sixteen thousand guilders a bove the cost price.' Woerden looked rather blank, hut did his best to conceal his vexation. 'The trick is not a bad one,' said he, with .i forced smile, 'but you must confess that I taught it you.' 'Ay, ay!'. returned the other, 'you are clever fellows in Amsterdam, but we are no fools in Broek.' From the N. Y. Journal of Commerce. LETTER FR031 Mr. VAN BUR EN. Lindeswald, Oct. 30, 1814. My Dear Sir : I learn with the keenest re gret from your letter, this moment received, that there is, in your opinion, good reason to apprehend that the feelings of portions of my friends have been so deeply wounded by some of the proceedings at Baltimore, as to induce them to withhold their support from the elec toral ticket. Notwithstanding my great con fidence in your intelligence and discretion, I yet hope that this apprehension is without much, if any foundation. With the great bo dy of our friends we know it to be otherwise. I have not myself found a single Case of this description, butyou areentirely right in think ing that no danger is too slight to be disre garded at a moment so critical as the present. I would, on no account, say anything that might wear even the appearance of harshness in respect to dispositions, which, however er roneous, have had their origin in feelings of regard for myself, to which I am so deeply indebted, and for which I can never be too grateful. I will yet venture most respectfully to suggest for the serious consideration of those of my friends, who entertained these views, if any there be, whether, in adopting them they do justice either to themselves, to the friends to whom they have been so sincerely desirous to do honor, to the cause in which they have been so long and earnestly enga ged, or to the interest of the country which they have so sincerely at heart. Assuming the worst opinions they have formed of the proceedings they condemn to be well founded, they should yet remember that these proceed ings were not devised to secure tne nomina tions of Messrs. Polk and Dallas. It is, on the contrary, a well known fact that the nom ination of Gov. Polk originated with gentle men, who disapproved of those proceedings as earnestly a3 those of my friends to whom you refer can possibly do. This nomination, having such an origin, as well as that of Mr. Dallas, which was afterwards associated with it, received the unanimous assent of the con- venlio ; has been subsequently ratified in ev ery possible form by the democracy 01s fhft it tion; and I hope te be excused for saying, without the slightest degree intending to im peach the motives of others, that I fean see no possible ground on which their support can be Withheld by any democrat who approves of their principles, I beg such of my friends q consider that, unless the democratic creed is a sheer delu sion, there are besides involved in the con test which is about to be decided, public con siderations before the contemplation of which all personal feplings and individual interests are turned to nothing. I know well that they are, as they ought to be moved by higher mo tives; but if my personal wishes in the mat ter can have the slightest influence in deci ding upon their course, if they are disposed to add another to the many favors I have re ceived at their hands, they may be assured that they could in no way make it more ac ceptable than by giving the same" zealous and untiring support to the democratic nominees for President and Vice President, which they mean to give to the rest of the ticket. 1 am, dear sir, very respectfully and truly yours, iM. VAN BuKEN. From the Richmond Enquirer. Consequences of 3Ir. Clay's Success. We look with high hopes to the. success of Mr. Polk. Independently of the Virginia po litical principles which he will bring with him into the administration, his election will pro duce the finest moral lessons. It will show4 ambitious, "moon-reaching" aspirants, like Mr. Clay, who has been aiming at the Presi dential office for 25 years, as D. Webster char ges, that the office belongs to ihe people, and not to them; that it is their3 to give, and theirs to take away; and that when they arise in the majesty of their power, they will take a virtu ous and sensible Republican, frcm the shade, from their ovrn bosom as it were, and make him the instrument of putting down the ambi tious candidate, who would boldly snatch the sceptre from their hands by the vilest arts. It was one of the most beautiful features In the history of ancient Rome, that when the Re public was in danger, they would pass over the ambitious men, who desired to press them selves into the public service and they would seek virtuous citizens in the retifementof theif farms. They would find Cincinnatus at the plough-tail, and cast the mantle of the Consul ship over his shoulders. This is one of the fine moral 'Iessons which would be taught bjV the election of JaC. Polk-jit there is another equally irfl wt. HjsHbess will signally rebuke tlievwte fo trarts they have employed, and all trrPmeans of election eering to which they have descended. Never have the people of Virginia been so much in sulted by any party, as the Wrhigs have in eft feet twice insulted them for the last 5 years Such humbugs such tricks such miserable arts of.electioneering, to which their leading ringleaders have stooped, have cast a shade over the proud character of a free people, whose understandings alone ought to havo been addressed, and whose great principles should have been appealed to The Clay par ty have been so anxious to elect him, that they have insulted and would have debased the people, throughout the Union. It is a dear tax they have asked the country to pay for the election of a man like Henry Clay, who is not Worthv of the office and much less of the sacriP.ce which it has been called upon to pay the sacrificeof principle,of decency, feof self-respect. If such disgraceful modes of electioneering could have evoked the illus trious Washington from his tomb, the sacri fice would have been too great. Should Hen ry Clay succeed and in the Way in Which he has Stooped to Win the office, and his blind and infatuated friehds have attempted to wia it for their idol, it Will shake the confidence of ma ny a good citieen in the capacity of the peo ple to govern themselves It Will bring dis trust upon our institutions. It will incite every ambitious aspirant every four years t seek the high office, and to depend upon humbug gery pipelaying and fraud, upon dirty intri gues and shameless coalitions, to attain the tompmost round of power. Nothing could be more strongly calculated to impair the confi dence of the people in themselves to shake our popular institutions and to undermine Liberty herself. These Whigs forget, that in their blind devotion to a man, they are aban doning some of the best principles of the Re publicthat they are insulting the understan dings and debasing the morals of the constit uent body; and that the temporary benefit they may promise themselves from the election of Henry Clay, is dearly paid for by the deterio ration of those public morals, in which not ony they, but their children and their children's children, are so deeply intetested. Save us, then, from the election of this Demagogue and Dictator. Save us from the infatuation and the arts of his friends. Let us conduct our selves in the election of a Chief Magistrate, four years hence, In a manner that becomes an enlightened people. Let us put down this Whig party, and with them their contempti ble humbugs, their Coons and their glees, their intrigues and their coalitions. For our own parts, we declare, with all the responsibility that we owe to Heaven and to the people, that we scarcely know whether it is most impor tant to defeat H. Clay and the Whigs, on ac count of the political princioles which he womld brlncr with him into power, or from a regard to the deep, warning, moral lessons which his defeat would impress epon every ambitious aspirant, and upon a great paople themselves. His defeat would be the signal of a thorough reform in the political morals of the Whig party. Should success new crown their efforts, it would leave behind it a leavea of corruption, which would continue to fer ment and debase the people themselves. A well-know temperance lecturer step ton a piece of lemon peel, slipt in consequence, and fell on his back upon the pavement. " Wrhy, who is that who got such a fall !' asked one bystander of another. " Don't you know him V said the person spoken to. "No," was the reply. "I thought you did," responded the other M he is a temperance hockHier P J Flourishing Trce.Y'vre crops within ten months have been produced by a lemon tre in the garden of Mr. C. F. Mills, Savaneth, Ga., on the 28th ult., the flowers of a six& crop were in bloom.