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DAVID FULTON, Editor. OUR COUNTRY, LIBERTY, AND GOD. AND PsopairoBS. VOL. 1. PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAY MORNING. TERMS OF TIIS LIWIMGTON JOURNAL: ,p r Dollars and fifty cents if paid in advance. n qq at the end of three months. 2 50 at the expiration of the year. K paper discontinued until all arrearages are iexeept at the option of the publishers. No P? riotion received for less than twelve months, subset ADyERTISEMENTS rtcv! at one dollar per square of 16 lines or i for the first, and twenty-five cents for each i SS eding insertion. 25 per cent will be deduc sUjCrom an advertising bill when it amounts to J5?rtV dollars in any one year. Yeauzy standing iSvertisemcnts will be inserted at $10 per square. All legal advertisements charged 25 per cent '""ijf the number of insertions are not marked tLc advertisement, they will be continued until irdered out, anu cuaig vw.....b.j. Letters 10 tne prujnctuio u uuomvo LJted with this establishment, must ue posi paiu. OFFltti On tne SOUUI-taSL tuiuci u a ium anu princess streets, opposite the Bank oi tne otate. 3) fiMr Jtt b V uLV 1 r Vei executed and with dispatch, on liberal terms ior cau, i JOURNAL OFFICE. BLANKS, Of every description may be had at the office of tae Journal, as cheap as can oe procureu ui uie State, for cash. Any blanks wanted, and not on hand, will he printed at ne snoriesi possime mi nee. CORNEZ,XUS KTBBS. jttanufaaum & Sealer in HATS AND CAPS, WHOLESALE ANT) RETAIL, MARKET STREET Wilmington, N. C. GEORGE W . D A V IS, LONDON'S VVHAUF, Wilmington, N. C. Oct. 4th, 1844. ! 3-1 3 Receiving and Far warding Agent, Geno'-tl Commission Merchant, Next door North of the New Custom-house, T 1 WlLMlXOTON, IN. Ks. GILLESPIE Sk, ROB3SOIHI, . ' For the le of Timber, Lumber, and all otlicr kinds of Produce. Sept. 21, 1844. l- Auctioneer & Commission .lit-reliant. WILMINGTON, N. C. Liberal advances made on shipments to his friends in New York. September 21, 1844. l-tf. W holesale Sl Retail Druggist WILM XGTON, Si. C. Prospectus FOll THE CONGRESSIONAL GLOBE AND APPENDIX. These works have such a wide circulation, and have been so universally approved and sought after bv the public, that we deem it necessary only m this prospectus to say that they will be continued at the next session of Congress, and to state, suc cinctly, their content, the form in which they will be published, and the prices lor tiietn. ... I . 1 1 The Congressional Olobe is made up ol tne dai ly proceedings of the two houses of Congress. 1 he speeches ol the members are condensed to bang them into u readable length. All the reso lutions offered, or motions made, are given in the mover's own words; anil the yeas and nays on all the important questions. It is printed with small type brevier and nonpariel on a double royal sheet, in quarto form, each number containing 16 royal quarto pages. The Appendix is made un of the Picsident's annual message, the reports of the principal offi cers of the Goverment that accompany it, and all the long speeches of members of Congress, writ tea out or revised by themselves. It is piinted in the same form as the Congressional Globe, and u sually makes about the same number of pages. As somo persons who may receive this prospec tus may wish to subscribe for our regular papers, through which we speak to members of Congress and their constituents, we will here state that we publish a daily paper at $10 ; a semi-weekly paper at S3; and a weekly paper, with a complete index to it, at $3 a year, payaple in advance. TERMS. For the Congresaionfd Globe, 1 per copy. For the Appendix, $1 per copy. Six copies of either of the above works will bo sent for $5; twelve copies for $10; and so on in proportion for a greater number. Payments may be transmitted by mail, postage paid, at our risk. By a rule of the Pest Office Department, postmasters arc permitted to frank letters written by themselves, containing money tor subscriptions. The notes of any bank, current where a subscri ber resides, will be received by Uo at par. To insure all the numbers, the subscriptions should be in Washington by the 10th of Decern ber next, at farthest. ONo attention will be paid to any order un less the money accompanies it. BLAIR & RIVES. Washington City, Nov. 11, 1844. fcfl PAIR NEGRO BROGANS, W 500 pair men's kip do. Together with a general assortment of men's C 1 L F and KIP sewed and pegged BOOTS, which will he sold cheap and no mistake, at the sign of the Mammoth Boot. J. PUNDERFORD. N29,llt 3ust liccefoe from Neto Yorfe per schr. Samuel Ingham, and for sale by WM. COOKE, I CRATE CROCCERV, 10 casks and 12 boxes Cheese, 15 kegs Goshen Butter, 0 bbLs Apples, 20 do. Potatoes, 6 hhds retailing Molasses, 10 boxes Fire Crackers, and a general assort ment of FAMILY GROCERIES. Nov. 99. THE JOURNAL. The Carrier's Address, To the Tatrons and Friends of the WILMINGTON JOURNAL, 1st January, 1845. Kind Patrons; once more I make ray bow, A Happy New Year to you all ! Accept the wishes offered now, Prove generous to my last call. Lament who will, in fruitless tears, The speed with which our moments fly ; We sigh not o'er vanished years But watch the years that hasten by. Look, how they come ! a mingled crowd Of bright and dark, but happy days ; Beneath them, like a summer cloud, The wide world changes as I gaze. What ! grieve that time has brought so soon The sober age of manhood on 1 As idly might I weep at noon To see the blush of morning gone. Could I give up the hopes that glow In prospect like Elysian isles, And let the charming future go, With all her promises and smiles 1 The future ! cruel were the power, Whose doom would tear thee from my heart Thou sweet'ner of the present hour ; We cannot, no, we will not part 1 Oh leave me still the rapid flight That makes the charming seasons gay ; The grateful speed that brings the night, The swift and glad return of day. The years that o'er each sister land Shall lift the country of my birth, And nurse her strength 'till she shall stand The pride and pattern of the earth. 'Till younger commonwealths, for aid Will have to cling about her robe, And from her frown shall shrink afraid, The crown'd oppressors of the globe. True, time will sear and blanch my brow; Well I shall sit with aged men, And my good glass will tell me how A grizzly beard becomes me then. And should no foul dishonor lie Upon my head when I am grey, Love yet shall watch my fading eye, And smooth the path of my decay. Then haste thee time, 'tis kindness all That speeds thy wing'd feet so fast ; Thy pleasures stay not 'till they pall, And all thy pains are quickly past. Thou fliest and bearest away our woes, And as thy shadowy train depart, The memory of sorrow grows, A lighter burden on the heart. I must close my brief and hasty scroll, By wishing a long life to you all May health and wealth the ensuing year, Attend each one, is my humble prayer. From the N. Y. Knickerbocker. ANME GRAY. BY T. B. HEAD. The week well nigli declined had bro't Its latest eve and best, The dusky threshold over which The weary pass to rest : When Annie Gray, poor Annie Gray, Went tripping fast along, Her limbs forgot their aching while Her heart was full of song. Her few dear friends in poverty Smiled as she passed them by, To see that str .nge red on her cheek And gladness in her eye. The music of her singing heart Her lips could scarcely hold, And thro' her throbbing brain the words A thousand times were told. Like merry chiming bells she heard The rushing pulses say, " To-morrow I shall be fifteen, And all on Christmas day !" But what could stay poor Annie's feet Beside the rich man's door 1 It was the moaning of a child A starving mother bore. Dear Annie's heart with pity gushed, And she forgot to say " To-morrow I shall be fifteen. And all on Christmas day !" But gave the coin so dearly earned, The pittance hard to spare. Then took the mantle from her neck And wrapt the trembling pair. The infant smiled, the mother wept And blessed poor Annie Gray ; And Annie, as she gladder went, Heard her own spirit say, " To-morrow I shall be fifteen, And all on Christmas day V Los-Sawins: and Logic. Caesar, a negro, almost superanuated, yesterday met Antonio, a brother darkey, and one who, like lumselt, though not a close observer ot men and things, saw-ed much in his life-time. " Whoo, Ant', how is you?" said Caesar. " Wal l's dat way, Cajsar, I tanks you," said Antonia; 44 how's debis'ness now Caes?" 44 Wal, Ant', it ain't what it used to was dat's a facV 44 How does you 'count for it Caes ? said Antonio. 44 Wal, Ant continued Caesar, 44 1 'tribotes it to two causes de fus' is foreign comperti tion from Dutchmen what have embarked in de bus'ness, and de nex' is de 'lection ob Polk, w'ich has had a wisible 'feet on de state ob de wedder." Pic. Cooking Lobsters Alive. The custom of boil ing lobsters alive to improve their flavor is said by an English paper to be found as erroneous as it is cruel. The best method is, before boiling, to deprive the lobster of life, by put ting it into water the hardest pump water answers best in which the fish will live but a short time. Lobsters thus dressed, have been declared to be improved rather than de teriorated in their quality ; the tail will be touna to loose much of its hardness ana mat gestibility. The preceding observations ap ply to crabs, shrimps, and prawnes. WILMINGTON, N. C. FRIDAY, JANUARY 10, From the New York Evening Post. Cfeeap Postage. A writer in the Journal of Commerce, who takes the signature of Rowland Hill, in a letter to the Post Office Committee, makes the following cogent objections to the bill reported to the House- of Repre sentatives to reduce the rates of portage. When the other day we penned an article on the subject, wc h;id not seen the bill or any minute abstract of it, and were not a ware of many of its provisions. Some of these are so objectionable that we wculd almost prefer leaving the matter as it is, to accepting the bill as it now stands. We hopp that Congress will materially amend the bill before allowing it to receive the vote of the majority : 440ne of the provisions of your bill requires that the postage on letters should be pre-paid, and if not, then they are to be charged double the original rates. "This provision I consider both burden some and unjust. It is burdensome because if by neglect or the want of means a letter is sent to me unpaid, I am obliged to pay one hundred per cent, for the neglect or the pover ty of my correspondent. JSuppose a friend in distress writes to me for advice or pecunia ry aid, and he has no money to pre-pay the postage, 1 am to be taxed an excess of one hundred percent, in consequence of his pov erty. This is inflicting a burden which I ought not to bear. But it is unjust as well as burdensome, because in many instances it is impossible to pre-pay the postage. For ex ample, hundreds of thousands of letters from England, Ireland, France, Germany, and oth er parts of the world, are annually brought by ships and steamers. How can the postage on these letters be pre-paid? There is no way by which it can be done; hence on all these letters double postage will be charged, simply because the writers are unable to pre pay. Can any thing be more unjust than such a provision A single letter over five hundred miles will be rated twent cents, near ly the same flat is now charged, consequent ly the proposed reduction is merely nominal. If the Committee insist upon the postage be ing pre-paid, let an exception be made in fa vor of all letters received by ships or steam ers. Again, I object to the same rate being char ged on a short distance, as well as the long distance of 500 miles, because it is not right in itself, but more especially because it will militate against the revenue of the post office department. The present rate is six cents for 30 miles, and the consequence is th t few letters are received through the post office from the towns and villages surrounding our largp cities, tor example, the letters receiv ed at our post office from Brooklyn, W illiams burgh, Jersey City, Newark, &c. &c, are ex ceedingly few in number; probably not one in fifty of those written are sent by the United States mail. If a letter is sent to Brooklyn it will cost 8 cents 6 cents postage, and 2 c'ts to the letter carrier: but by the penny post, a letter is now carried and delivered for 3 cents. Who will send letters through the mail at 8 cents, when they can be sent as safe and more expeditiously by the penny post for 3 cents? The same remarks are applicable to the post office at Boston. Few letters, comparatively, ai received-at that office from Lynn, Salem, Danvers, Beverly, Marblehead, Lowell, Nash ua, Pawtucket, Providence, and other large manufacturing towns within a circle of 40 miles. Why Because the intercourse is so constant and frequent, either by private con veyance or expresses, that they can be sent for a third of the sum which is charged by the post office. To bring the correspondence of these places through the post office, let there be a rate of 2 cents for any distance within 50 miles, and then nearly every letter will pass through the post office, for it will no longer be a sufficient object to send them bv anv other conveyance. Besides the pecuniary advan tage to the department, there will be another which ought not to be overlooked by the com mittee; it will habituate the people to use the post office in preference to any other mode of conveyance, and it will induce them to exert themselves to sustain it. Who will ask an other to do it, or take the trouble of carrying letters, when they can be regularly and safely sent through the post office for this small sum? The whole community would feel it a duty to frown upon every attempt to impair the use fulness of this invaluble institution, and this would do more than any fines or penalties to discourage any competition with the post of fice department. The bill provides that letters shall be rated according to the number of pieces they con tain and not by weight, which I consider ve ry objectionable. The only decent and secure mode of making up a letter is to enclose it in an envelope, but your Bill utterly precludes this without be;ng subjected to double post age. In Kngland letters pay by weight, and why should we not adopt the same simple and easy practice here? Let a quarter of an ounce be charged single postage half an ounce double, three quarters tripple, and an ounce quadruple which amounts to the same rate you propose tor an ounce. I he advantages of rating letters by weight are that it is less trouble to the post office in rating them pre vents the necessity of prying into letters to as certain their contents secures them from be ing overcharged, and thereby obviates the trouble which is frequently experienced at the post office on account of letters being over charged. There is now a temptation to elude the vigilance of the post office by secreting enclosures, and thus avoid additional postage, but if letters are rated by weight all these e vils would be avoided. The practice of rating letters and papers by fractional parts of a cent has been a source of much trouble and vexation, and it was hoped that your bill, would have regulated the rates so as to avoid this nuisance. But I perceive that you propose that half and quarter c'ts are to be charged on the postage of newspapers. There is no way by which these fractions can be paid, as our ppst office does net receive the 12 cents coin at that rate. It is received for 11 cents only, consequently there is no mode of paying a half cent. Either the postmaster or the payer of postage must be cheated, un less you direct the Mini io mane an issue in aounaance nan anu qua.ro. w pc ople to pay the legal postage. Why then abandon these contemptible fractions and let paper go free when it is not an object to charge a full cent. JTortli Carolina Legislatiire. IN SENATE. Friday, Dec. 27. Several Memorials and Resolutions were presented on various subjects of a private na ture, which were acted upon. The bill more effectually to prevent the im prisonment of honest debtors, was postponed until the4th March yeas 23, nays 21. The bill to exempt from indictment the Pe tersburg Rail Road Company for having ob structed the navigation of Roanoke river, near the town of Weldon, by the erection of a budge across the said river, was taken up and read the second time. Mr. Shepard moved to a mend the bill. Amendment adopted, and the bill made the order of the day for Monday next. The bill more effectually to secure the debts due for Cherokee Lands, and to facilitate the collection of the same, was taken up, amended, and rejected, ayes 20, noes 22. On motion of Mr. Shepard the vote rejecting the bill more enecruall to prevent the impris onment of honest debtors, was reconsidered; when, on motion of Mr. Waddell, the bill was laid on the table. HOUSE OF COMMONS. Mr. Shepard introduced the following pre amble end resolution : Whereas the Bank of the State of North Carolina, by the statement of November 23, 1844, shows surplus profits on hand to the a mount of $180,608 03, which, after deducting the January dividend of $45,000, (three per cent.) will have a surplus of $135,608 03, a boutone third of which belongs to the State ; and whereas it is believed that the keeping of so large a surplus on hand is unnecessary for either the safety or healthy action of the Bank and no interest being derived from it, or dividends paid or payable on it, it is kept there to the great loss of the holders of stock in said Institution ; for if divide now and put at compound interest, it would more than double itself by 1SGO, (the expiration of the charter of the Bank,) but if kept in Bank till then to be divided among the stockholders, the same sum wiil be paid them then that could be paid them noiu; and whereas it is believed that a dividend or bonus of five per cent. ($75,000 can be now with safety divided a mong the stockholders, which would leave a surplus of $60,608 03 on hand to cover con tingent or accidental losses a sum believed to be more than amply sufficient for that pur pose: Be it therefore Resolved, That the Public Treasurer be and he is hereby instructed at the meeting of the stockholders of that Bank on the first of Monday in January next, to advo cate and vote for a dividend or bonus of five per cent, on the capital of that Bank : being declared and made payable by or before the second Monday in February next On motion of Mr. Sanders, Resolved, That the Committee on Finance be requested to examine the I02d chapter, en titled an Act to provide for the collection and management of a Kevenue for this Mate, and report the propriety of adding to said Chap ter, an additional Section, to the following import : That all monies, which shall hereafter be loaned out and kept as a stock on interest, shall be liable to a tax, at the rate of twenty five cents on every hundred dollars, the same to he assessed and collected, as taxes or other property. The balance of the day was consumed in considering the bill to foreclose the Mortgage of the Raleigh and Ga6ton Road. Mr. Ellis moved to strike out those portions of the bill authorising the Governor to bid for the Road, and this motion was negatived yeas 49, nays 14. IN SENATE. Saturday, Dec. 28. Mr. Dockery, from the Committee on Fi nance, to whom was referred a resolution in structing them to inquire into the expediency of transferring the Clerk from the Treasury to the Comptroller's Office, and also of the propriety of allowing the Treasurer to keep a cash-book only, and atsotiie propriety oi com pelling the agent of Cherokee Bonds to make 3 UUpilCaiO .Clll.il UlC V-VII1JHUIJC-1 O U111VC, of all the monies collected from said bonds, reported two bills for that purpose, which were read the first time and passed. Mr. Cameron presented a bill entitled a bill to modify an act concerning slaves and free persons of color, passed in 1830, which was read the first time and passed. Mr. Thompson, of Wake, presented the fol lowing Resolution, which was read the first time and passed, and referred to the Commit tee on Claims: Resolved, That the Public Treasurer be di rected to pay to William Thompson, of Ral eigh, the sum of ninety-three dollars and fif ty cents, it being the amount ot nis ciaim ac companying this resolution for repairs to the furniture belonging to the Capitol ; including also the funeral expenses of the late John L. Foreman, Senator from Pitt. Mr. Reich presented the following Resolu tion, which was adopted : Resolved, That the Committee on Education and the Literary Fund be instructed to inquire into the expediency of amending the Common School Law so as to authorize the School Committees to expel from the schools unruly scholars, and to give tothecitizens of districts the selection of Teachers. The bill concerning a Penitentiary wTas read the third time, amended, and passed, and or dered to be engrossed. The bill to give to Courts of Law and Equi ty, jurisdiction in certain cases, was read the third time and rejected. On motion of Mr. Joyner, the bill in favor of poor debtors was taken up, read the third time, amended on motion of Messrs. Joyner and Edwards, and passed by 34 yeas.lo li nays. Said bill was ordered to be engrossed. The bill more effectually to prevent the im prisonment of honest debtors was taken up, amended on motion of Mr. Biggs, passed, and ordered to bo engrossed. Mr. Jovner, of Halifax, from the Commit tee on Internal Improvement, to whom was referred a bill to lav off and establish a Turn- nike Road from Raleigh to the Buncombe Turnpike Road, and thence to the line of the State ot ueorgia, reporiea wi same witn sun - . whirh wre .aj not'J ' 1845. The bill concerning Deeds, Mortgages, and Assignments, was taken up and read the third time. Mr. Worth moved to postpone the bill until the 4th of March next. Motion nega tived yeas 21 , nays 23. The bill was then, on motion of Mr. Halsey, laid on the table. Received from the Commons a message sta ting that they have passed the following en grossed bills and resolutions, in which they ask the concurrence of the Senate : A resolu tion in favor of Samuel Watters; A resolution in favor of Lewis H. Marsteller; A bill to a mend an act to incorporate the Fayetteville Riflemen passed in 1842; A bill to incorporate the Newbern Mechanics' Association ; and A bill to prevent the felling of timber in the water-courses of Guilford County, which were severally read the first time and passed. Received from the Commons a message stating that they , have passed the following engrossed bills nd resolutions, in which they ask the concurrence of the Senate : A bill to incorporate the Phoenix Fire Company in E lizabeth city; A bill supplemental to an act passed in 1842-43, to lay off and establish the county of McDowell ; A bill extending the jurisdiction of Justices over judgments, and amendatory of the 6th section of Revised Sta tutes entitled Justices of the Peace, and the 46th section of the same, entitled Courts, County and Superior; A resolution in favor, of John Hill and others; A bill concerning the Superior Courts of Currituck county; A bill to alter the time of holding the Courts of Pleas and CJuarter Sessions ior the county ot lieau- fort; A resolution in favor of Thomas L. Roane, and a resolution in favor of Morris K. Taylor and C. Kephart; which were severally read the first time and passed. HOUSE Or COMMONS. After the despatch of unimportant business, the order of the day came up, being the bill to foreclose the Mortgage of the Raleigh and Gaston Road. After the adoption of certain amendments, the bill passed its second read ing yeas 65, nays 48. ;:, The bill to locate the residences of the Judges of the Superior Courts, hereafter to be elected, was also taken up, and rejected nn ito third rcaJiuM ayes do, noes oo. The House adjourned. IN SENATE. Monday, Dec. 30. Mr. Dockery, from the committee on Fi nance, to whom was re-committed the resolu tion requiring the Public Treasures to refund to the State the 81 dollars lost in the settlement with Mr. Page, reported the resolution, with the testimony of several individuals which had been taken, and recommended the pas sage of the resolution. Ordered to be prin ted. The bill to authorise the Wilmington and Raleigh Rail Road Company to issue bonds to the amount of 100,000 dollars to redeem a like amount issued under the act for the relief of said company, was taken up. Mr. Came ron moved to amend the bill with a proviso, that in addition to the mortgage which the State has upon the road, the stockholders shall give their individual bonds in sums sufficient to secure the State from any loss by granting the indulgence ; and provided further that the State be secured in like manner for the sum of $185,000, which the State has advanced on account of its liabilities for said company. The amendment was decided in the affirma tive 26 to 21. The bill was then rejected, 34 to 12. HOUSE OF COMMONS. Mr. Whitehust, from the committee on the subject, reported a bill to amend the law rela ting to pilots ; which passed its first reading. Mr. Mills, from the committee on Finance, reported a resolution to authorise the Public Treasurer to borrow from the Literary and In ternal Improvement Boards, or the Banks of the State, a sum not exceeding $150,000, to meet the liabilities of the State until the meet ing of the next General Assembly ; which was read three times, passed, and ordered to be engrossed, two only voting in the negative, viz : Messrs. J. Barnes and Fleming. Mr. Mills, from the same committee, repor ted a bill to authorize the Wilmington and Raleigh Rail Road Company to issue bonds to the amount of $100,000, to redeem a like amount of bonds issued under the act for the relief of said company ; which passed its first reading and was ordered to be printed. On motion of Mr. Moore, it was resolved that no private bill shall be introduced after the 31st nit. Received from Governor Morehead, a com munication in relation to the document order ed to be piinted by the Senate, on the 26th inst., purporting io be a " Correspondence relative to the legal right of the Governor to receive pay as f resident ex officio ot the Lite rary and Internal Improvement boards; which was read, when Mr. Cherry moved that it be sent to the Senate, with a proposition to print the same, and to raise a joint select committee of three on the part of each House, to inquire into and report upon the same. After some discussion on the question, the House took a recess until 3 o clock. The House resumed the consideration of the subject in which it was engaged on taking the last recess. 1 he discussion was continued by Messrs. Cherry, Shepard, Paine, of Cho wan, and Guthrie. . Before the question pen ding, (the motion to send the message of the Governor to the benate with a proposition to print, &c.,) was decided, the House adjourn ed. IN SENATE. Tuesday, Dec, 31. Mr. Cameron, from the Joint Select Com mittee, raised to offer some testimonial of re spect to the lamented Gaston, made the fol lowing Report, which was unanimously adop ted and ordered to be spread upon the Jounai: The committee to whom was referred the resolution, in relation to the death of the late William Gaston, have had the matter under consideration and have instructed mo to make the following report : The Legislature of North Carolina in Gen eral Assembly convened, have learned that, since their last Session, one of the most dis tinguished ofourciUzens has died. On the 24th of January last, W'illiam Gaston, one of the Judges of the Supreme Court of North Carolina, after a illness of a few hours, depar ted this life. The General Assembly of the : State, from the unsullied character and inestimable worth of this distinguished citizen, is conscious that no acts or words can express their deep vene ration for his character, or their sorrow for his irreparable loss. "Storied urn or animated NO. 17. bust" cannot remind us more sensibly of bit exalted worth, for this is impressed deeply on every heart. Literally baptised in the blood of hie distinguished ancestor, who fell in the revolutionary struggle of our country, he was early impressed with an abiding love ot his native State, and devoted the whole energies of his rich disciplined mind to its service. In all the varied stations of importance to which he was called by the confidence of his Fellow-Citizens, -he devoted with untiiir.gen er?yall the powers of his mind to the promo tion of the public weal. As a man, he was exemplary in all the te lations of life a devoted husband an affec tionate Father as a Statesman, he was pure and patriotic the honor of his country, was the chief object of his heart as an advocate,, he was faithful and zealousas a Judge, ho was learned and impartial, and he died, as the whole of his life had been spent, in the ser vice of the State, VVhen such a man dies, the State may well mourn. The sensation caused by his death testified the estimation in which he was held by his countrymen. Nothing could excel his long, bright and glorious career in life, but the tranquil manner in which he left it. We are informed by the proceedings of the Supreme Court on the mournful occasion of his death, that, at the moment of his dissolu tion, his mind was cheerful, and his conver sation instructive. Full of years and full of honors, he left without a struggle or a murmur, a world of gloom, for an eternity of glory. Truly was it said by one who knew him well, that he was a good man and a great Judge' The General Assembly of the State of North Carolina feel their inability to express their own feelings and those of their constituents in view of the loss which the State has sustain ed, yet they deem it due to the memory of de parted talents and gratrtude for his long and faithful services, to offer the following resolu tions : Resolved by the Geaeral Assembly of the State of North Carolina, That in the death of Wil- umm Ooown, une or me Judges of the Supremo Court, the State has experienced a loss of one of its most patriotic citizens, a faithful public servant and a learned and impartial Judge. 'Ill . f 1 . 1 6. .... M. Hal ill UK uuuise ui a lung aim vaiicu ntv, his bright career is left to us an example wor thy of all imitation, and his unsullied charac ter one of the brightest jewels of the State. That the Governor of the State transmit a copy of these Resolutions with the Preamble, to the family of the deceased, and that they be spread on the Journals of both branches of the General Assembly. . . Mr. Boyden introduced a bill proposing an amendment to the Constitution of the State. Proposes to elect by the people a Lieuten ant Governor, who is to be President of the Senate &e. The bill more effectually to secure the debts due for Cherokee bonds; and to facilitate the collection of the same, was read the second time, amended by motion of Mr. Francis, and passed Yeas 24, Nays 22. And, On motion of Mr. Francis, it was read the third time, passed, and ordered to be engros sed. The bill to lay off and establish a Turnpike Road from Raleigh to the Buncombe Turnpike Road, and thence to the line of the State of Georgia, was read the second time and rejec ted, yeas 21, nays 27. Mr. Francis' 4th Instalment Resolutions, requesting the payment of the amount due un der the deposit act, was taken up. Mr. Biggs moved to amend the Preamble and Resolutions, by striking out all after the word Preamble, and. insert as follows : Whereas, The General Government is now in debt about twenty-four millions of dollars, and whereas, it appears by the late Message of the President of the United States, that there will be in the Treasury of the United States at the close of the fiscal year, about seven millions of dollars, which has unneces sarily accumulated under the operation of the present high tariff, but which can be applied to the payment of the national debt, by the creation of a sinking fund, for that purpose, and an unnecessary surplus in future can be prevented by a reduction of the taxes accor ding to the recommendation of said message, and the report of the Secretary of the Treasu ry ; and although the present General Assem bly is somewhat embarrassed in consequence of payments made and to be mide for Rail Roads, yet North Carolina is willing and a ble, as she has always been, to meet her own liabilities without supplicating the General Government for relief. Be it therefore Resolved, That the Senators from this State be instructed, and the Repre sentatives requested to use their utmost exer tions to reduce the present Tariff to the wants of the Government economically administer ed, and to apply any surplus in the Treasury to the extinguishment of the present national debt. Mr. Jeffreys was addressing the Senate, in advocacy of this amendment, when he gave way, for a motion to adjourn. HOUSE OF COMMONS. Mr. Guthrie, from the Joint Select Commit tee on the Library, to whom was referred the Memorial of the Synod of North Carolina, in relation to sending a special Agent to Europe, to procure copies of Official Documents rela ting to the History of the State, reported that it is not expedient at this time to make an ap propriation for this purpose. The Report was concurred in. On motion of Mr. Mills, the House procee ded to the unfinished business in which it was engaged on the last adjournment. Whereup on, it was ordered that the said communica tion of Hi3 Excellency, the Governor, be transmitted to the Senate with a proposition that it be printed, and referred to a Joint Se lect Committee of three on the part of each House. The hill to. authorize the foreclosure of the mortgage of the Raleigh andGaston Rail Road Company was read the third time. On motion of Mr. Barnes, of Northampton, the blank in the 9th Section was filled up with the sum of $400,000. ; On motion of Mr. Mebane, the 6th section was amended by striking nut the President of the Bank of the , State, and the Cash ier of the Branch of the Cape Fear Bank a Raleigh, so aa to leave the Governor, I reasu rer and Comptroller, to constitute the Board, as mentioned in section 4th. K The bill then pasasd its thud reaJing yeas j 63, nay s 49.