Newspaper Page Text
Friday, December 10, I 17.
" James M. Redmond, Tosf-mastcr at Wflro, is Agent
forthls paper, for BftgeerJiate and tl.c aljoiniiiff conn
ties. Mr. R.will take pKrp " receiving new .sub
scribers and receipting for any moneys due us m that
Joseph. Masos, Post's CiiiMinss, corner of Hanover
and Reaver streets, N. V., is our agent, for receiving
Advertisement Ig that city, for publication in the Jour
nal, fie will also receive s-ubscribcrs for the same.
flrj-Mr. James Burcii is oar authorised a
gent to make collections das the "Journal "
office in this town and county.
CCJ-Washington Coliess, Esq , is authori
zed to collect and give receipts for our paper
in his neighborhood.
The " Journal" printing office Iwfl been removed to
tlie second story of the building, in which it has here
tofore been carried oik. Entrance on Princess street,
opposite the Rank of the State.
The Editor office is now on Princess street, 2d door
from the corner.
rx3Entrance to printing office third door from the
Congress. The first session of the 30th
Congress assembled at Washington last Mon
day. In another paragraph, will he found nn
account of the proceedings as late as received,
up to the hour of putting our paper to press.
The President's Message. If this docu
ment should be received, as we expect it will
be, by to-day's (Thursday's) Mail, we intend
printing it in this paper. We shall be com
pelled to postpone all comment for our next
number. In the mean time our readers will
have a chance of perusing the document, and
passing their own judgment upon it.
We notice that our friend ,
Bayne, of the Fayetteville Carolinian, in his
last paper, presents the name of Walter F.
Leake as his first cVoice for Governor, and
commends him to the consideration of the State
fjt-The Hon. John C. Calhoun passed
through this place on Sunday morning last, on
his way to Washington.
Greenville and Columbia Rail Road.
We alluded last week to the unfortunate ter
mination of the Convention of the Stockhold
ers of this Rail Road Company, held at New
berry Court House, and expressed the fear that
the project would fall to the ground. We are
glad to learn from the Columbia Telegraph
that such will not be the case. That paper
says : " It must be a source of sincere pleas
ure to the friends of this public spirited enter
prise, to learn that most of those differences
which grew out of the decision of the late
Newberry Convention, changing the direction
of the main trunk of the Road, through Abbe
ville and Anderson Districts, and which seem
ed, for a time, to threaten the disorganization
of the Company, arc n6v nearly, if not entire
ly, reconciled ; and that the energetic Presi
dent, Hon. J. B. O'Neale, has determined to
proceed at once to locate the Road and com
mence the work
This wiil at once re-assure I
our friends that those who have the manage- !
inent of this great work do not intend, by any
means, to give it over, and we now entertain
no doubt whatever of the complete success of
The Charlotte Rail Road. We notice
from the Columbia Telegraph, that the sub
scriptions upon the part of individuals to this
work, have already amounted to upwards of
nine hundred thousand dollars. This will en
sure the building of the Road, as its length
(from Charlotte to Columbia) is only about
108 miles by survey. Do our citizens know
what the object or effect of this Road will be
upon the Slate of North Carolina ? Few, we
fear, have thought of the matter. Why, this
Road will carry the produce of the richest sec
tion of our State into South Carolina, to en
rich and build up her cities and towns. Is this
as it should be ? Ought not the people of
North Carolina to rouse themselves, and en
deavor to secure to their own State some por
tion of her great resources ?
Columbia Telegraph. We have received
by this (Saturday) morning's boat, the Tele
graph, a very neat and spirited daily, recently
established in Columbia, S. C, by Messrs.
Sill & 'Stubs. We are very much pleased
with the Telegraph, and will gladly place it
on our exchange list, if the proprietors will
permit us. In this number of the Telegraph,
we find a well written communication, recom
mending to the favorable consideration of the
South Carolina Legislature, the Wilmington
& Manchester Rail Road. To the writer,
whoever he may be, we, as a Wilmingtonian,
return our best thanks for his able article.
FtAG or Freedom. Thiough the polite
ness of our friend, Lieut E. Cantwcll,now at
Puebla, we have received two numbers of the
Flag of Freedom," a small sheet published
at that city, partly in English, and partly in
Spanish. These papers do not contain any
New Express. We sec it stated that the
New York papers have organized a private
express line between that city and New Or
leans, which will be regularly 24 hours in ad
vance of the United States mail.
Col. Joyner. We notice that the Raleigh
Star, since the withdrawal of Kenneth Rayner,
is out for Col. Joyner as its next choice for
Governor of the State. Let Coi. Joyner come
on ; he, too, is one of the " Preamble" Federal
members of the last Legislature.
fjrj-JoHN Bell, the new Whig Senator from
Tennessee, -is believed to he in favor of a vie
orous prosecution of the war, and against dis
turbing the Tariff of '46. Mr. Martin, a Dem
ocratic member of the Tennessee Legislature,
just before the last ballot was taken, which
resulted in Mr. Bell's election, observed on
the floor of the House, that " if he was not
mistaken in what he had heard, if Mr. Beli
was elected, we would have in him an able
representative of our country in the Senate on
one great question."
Early Shad: A fine fat shad was caught
a few days since in the Narrows, near Staten
OO-South Carolina, the only State in the
Union vVhere the Electoral College is not elec
ted by the people, has now before her Legis
lature a bill to transfer the election of Electors
from that body to the people, as in other
StateB. We think, from appearances, that it
'is doubtful whether it will become a law.
Even N. C. Whig Doctors will Differ.
The following which we clip from the
Newbernian, will shew the reader that at least
some of the federal presses would have pre
ferred that Mr. CJav had left that no slavery
resolution out of bis aerie Ibe Nfwbcr
nian and the Fayettcville Observer take diffe
rent. views of this matter, although both are
staunch feds :
' Te could have wished that Mr. Clay had
(tqup further. He is inclined to end the war,
and to give up all territorial indemnity ; but
we are not prepared with the lights before us,
to surrender every thing to Mexico. As to
her territory, we could wish that the exigen
cies of the case had not led our armies to lake
possession of any of it. For the most part
we believe it to be worthless, but there are
parts of it which have done Mexico but little
good, but which night he turned to good ac
count by us. The resolution on the extension
of slavery, was, in our opinion, unnecessary.
The ground taken is a species of non-committalism
which we did not look for. No
party we presume in this country would enter
upon a policy with the view of extending the
institution of slavery. All that the South asks
is. thai the North would let that matter alone.
While we would recommend no measure for
its extension, we at least have a right to de
mand thai the people who become citizens of
any part of this Republic, whether already in
it or hereafter to come in, should manage that
matter as they please. And it is with this
view, that many in the South, had rather have
no additional territory annexed, than to be
forced to yield to any prohibition of slavery
in said territory, by an act of Conzress. Es-
timating Mr. Clay as we do, we are
. - ml J
has come out at this juncture, but in the ab
sence of what he has said in his speech on
this subject, we feel bound to express our dis
sent to what seems to be a yielding to the
storm raised in the North on this subject, in
Alabama Senator. We notice fiom the
Alabama papers that a warm contest is now
going on in that State between the respective i
friends of Dixon H. Lewis and Wm. R King, .
who arc opposing candidates for a seat in the
Senate of the United States. We are sorry
that two such able and tried Democrats should
be in opposition. We trust that some com
promise may be elTected between their respec
Legislative Economt. How frequently
do we see legislative bodies higgle about ma
king petty appropriations, even for needful
purposes, the while spending double the
amount of the people's money. We find in
the last Georgia Constitutionalist a most nota
ble instance of this. A bill was introduced
to appropriate 54,000 for refitting the Gover
nor's mansion, and the Legislature, thinking
it extravagant, debated the matter three days,
and then appropriated only $1,500. The beau
ty of the thing is, that the three days the Le
gislature was engaged in cutting down this
appropriation fiom four thousand to fifteen
hundred dollars, cost the good people, of the
State just about the amount, $2,500, which
it reduced the appropriation. This is econo
my with a vengeance.
(J3-Tn the city of New York, on the 29th
ult., a large mass meeting of citizens was held,
for the purpose of expressing the sympathy of
the people of this country with, and in behalf
of, the Pope, in his enlightened endeavors to
ameliorate the condition of Italy. Letters were
read from some of the most distinguished men
of the country, who could not attend in per
son. An address was prepared, which is to
be forwarded to his Holiness.
South Carolina and the War. We pub
lish in another column, the report of the Com
mittee on Foreign Relations, of the Senate of
South Carolina. We do so because the Whig
papers have been endeavoring to create the
impression that South Carolina was opposed
to the administration on this great question.
Gov. Johnson, in his message, did take the
views of Mr. Calhoun, but it will be seen that
the Legislature differs from him.
Telegraph. The Charleston Editors are
rejoicing on the completion of the Telegraph
line between that city and Columbia.
Temperance Societies. There arc now,
says the Albany Spectator, more than 1,500,
000 people in the United States, who abstain
from the use of ardent spirits, and from fur
nishing it to others ; more than 5,000 temper
ance societies, embracing more than 600,000
members. More than 2,000 distilleries have
been stopped; more than 5,000 merchants have
ceased from the traffic. It is estimated that
30,000 persons are now sober, who, had it
not been for the temperance societies, would
have been sots ; and that at least 20,000 fam
ilies arc now at ease and comfort, who would
otherwise have been in poverty and disgrace
by drunken inmates.
VV ortii Reading We copy the following
from the Baltimore Sun, every word of which
we adopt, substituting at the same time the
" Journal " for the " Sun " Never neglect
to read the advertising department of a news
paper, if you would know, what it concerns
every one to know, where to lay Jut your
money to the best advantage. Cor (petition is
at its height, and those who have anything
worth buying, or good bargains to offer, al
ways advertise. They know it is the sure
way to do a brisk business, and by selling
quickly they are able to sell cheaply. There
fore, if you would save yourself much trou
ble, vexation, and loss of time, read the adver
tisements. Keep the run of them, and yon
will have no difficulty. The advertising col-
umnsof the 'Journal' are weekly replete with
matters ol personal and pecuniary interest to
most of its readers, a'nd indeed we regard this
department, with its usual extended variety,
as By no means tltc least interesting portion
of the paper."
Virginia. The Legislature of this State
assembled on 'the Gth inst. The Governor's
message is very lengthy. We have not yet
had an onnortunitv to read it.
i i j
The Markets The Baltimore Clipper of
the 4th inst., says : " There was nothing
done in the markets on Saturday, as dealers
were awaiting the arrival of the steamer.
Flour, however, was firm at 6 25.
The Northern Mail. The Postmaster
General has closed a contract for the convey
ance of the Northern Mail by the Chesapeake
Bay and James River line, which will make
it from ten to. twenty hours later in its arrival
at Richmond. The reason of the change was
a difficulty with the Fredericksburg company.
fJtHt is estimated that the number of Hogs
fattened this year in the Western States" will
exceed by one fifth that of last year.
From the Petersburg Republican, Dec. SUi.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
Washington, Dec. 6, 1847.
The House met at 12 o'clock to-day, and
was called to order by Mr. Adams, who mov
ed to go into the election of Speaker which
motion was carried, and the house proceeded
Robert C. Winthrop of Massachusetts was
elected, on the 3d ballot, as follows:
First Ballot. Robert C. Winthrop, (VV .)
103; Lynn Boyd, of Kentucky, (D.) 61 ; R.
McClelland, of Ohio, (D.) 23; Others, 28.
Second Ballot Winthrop, 109 ; Boyd, 82;
Third Ballot Winthrop, 110; Boyd, 64;
Mr. Winthrop was declared to be duly elec
ted, and, upon being conducted to the Chair,
made an eloquent address.
He was sworn in by the venerable Mr. Ad
ams. The members, by States, were then sworn
The Rules of the last House of Representa
tives were adopted for the present.
Mr. Levin, of Pennsylvania, then moved
a resolution that B. B. French be Clerk for
this Congress, pending which the House ad
journed. THE SENATE.
The Senate was called to order to-day at 12
I o'clock, by Vice President Dallas, and pro-
ceedings were opened with prayer.
Forty-one Senators were present.
New Senators were sworn in.
The Senate then adjourned without having j
appointed a Committee to wait on the Presi-1
uent, tne Mouse not Having organized.
The Petersburg Republican of the 8th in
stant says :
" We learn that a gentleman in town re
ceived the infermation yesterday afternoon,
from Washington by the telegraphic wires,
that the Hon. B. B. French, the former Cleik
of the House of Representatives, had been re
elected." Florida Legislature The Tallahassee
Floridian of the 27th ult., says :
Rnth branches nf the Lens1tiirP were nr.
ganized on Tuesday last. In the Senate, the
Hon. D. G. McLean, of Walton county, was
chosen President on the fust ballot; Charles
W. Downing, Secretary; Silas W. Sanderson,
Assistant Secretary; A. II. Bush, Enrolling
and Engrossing Clerk ; W. W. Taylor, Ser-geant-at-Arms,
an i A. G. McLean, Messen
ger. In the House, the Hon. J. B. Lancaster,
of Duval, was chosen Speaker on the first
ballot, over Dr. B. J. J. Mitchell, democrat, of
Jackson county. Mr. Wm. B. Lancaster was
elected Chief Clerk ; R H. Hardic, Assistant
Clerk ; Wilkinson Call, Engrossing and En
rolling Clerk ; Rev. S. B. Foster, Messenger
and Doorkeeper, and W. J. Atwater, Sergeant-at-Arms.
" The Editors of this paper were elected
printers to the Senate, and the Editor of the
Sentinel printer to the House.
" The message of His Excellency the Gov
ernor was received and read, and in the Senate
one thousand copies were ordered to be print
ed for the use of the members."
- - - m -
Items from Cuba. The N. Y. Herald is in
receipt of Matanzas papers to the 17th ult.
The health of the inhabitants of Santiago
de Cuba had been assailed by the measles,
which complaint was quite epidemic in that
city, almost every family having some cases
At Puerto Principe, during the month of
October, there were 19 marriages, 134 bap
tisms, and" 117 interments, thus leaving an in-
! crease of 17 souls during the whole month,
i At Villa Clara, the feasts or jubilees which
were held in honor ot Pope Pius IX., were at
tended by vast crowds. The religious servi
ces during the whole period were thronged,
insomuch that the priests could scarcely ad
minister the sacrament to all those who applied.
The steamer Guadalquiver had delighted the
inhabitants of Matanzas on her first trip to
that city. She left Havana at 10 in the morn
ing, and arrived there at 5 P. M. She was
visited by hundreds of people.
Michigan. The new Legislature of Mich
igan 5tands :
The Wilmot Proviso. After four days de
hate, the Senate of Georgia has unanimously
adopted a series of Resolutions on the subject
of the Wilmot Proviso. The following is the
form in which the report of the Committee, as
amended, was finally passed :
Slavery and Slave labor is a part and par
cel of our Governmental system, and made so
by the very ancestry, in part, of those who
HUM Ul j UVU I III Jl.3 UOUJIIIUU. Tl U UU
rr.f.A i.- ,
to our right, to enter into a discussion with
those who are governed by no principle but
their fanaticism. Indeed, the question has
been argued, but fanaticism is deaf to argu
mentit will not hear.
The people of Georgia have for a series of
years been divided and disturbed by other
questions, so much so, perhaps, as to i.iduce
the false hope that upon this vital question
there may now prevail discord and dissension.
This is not true. Georgia has but one mind
is as one man all political parties are rea
dy and willing to plant themselves on the same
platform, and join heart and hand in the as
sertion and maintenance of this, their consti
To the end, therefore, that the feelings of
the people upon the subject of the Wilmot
Proviso may be distinctly understood and their
position defined :
1. Be it therefore, by the Senate and House
of Representatives of the State of Georgia,
Resolved, That the Government of the United
States has no control over the institution of
Slavery, and that in taking, or attempting to
take, any such control, it transcends the limits
of its legitimate functions.
2. Be it further Resolved by the authority
aforesaid, That any territory acquired, or to
be acquired, by the arms of the United States,
or by treaty by a foreign power, becomes the
common property oi the several States compo
sing this confederacy, and whilst it so contin
ues, it is the right of each citizen, of each and
every State, to reside with his property of ev
ery description within such territory.
3. Resolved further by the author it :j afore
said, That it is the duty of every man, in ev
ery section of this confederacy, if the Union
be dear to him, to oppose the passage of any
law or resolution of Congress, by which terri
tory acquired, or to be acquired may be sub
jected to any restriction against Slavery.
4. Resolved by the a uthoritij a forcsa id, That
in the opinion of this General Assembly, the
people ot Georgia at the ensuing presidential
election should not and will not support any
man for the Presidency, or Vice Presidency,
who favors the principles of the Wilmot Pro
5. And be it further Resolved, That in the
ownership of Slaves we are not only exerci
sing a human, but a constitutional and moral
right, and that we allow no power under heav
en to dictate the tenure by which we shall be
deprived of our property in them.
6. Resolved, That his Excellency, the Gov
ernor of this State, cause a copy of the fore
going preamble and resolutions to be forward
ed to each of our Senators and Representatives
in Congress; also, to the Governor of each
State in the Union. .
Iowa. In Lee county, Iowa, a Democrat
tbSein electe(i t0 tne Legislature, in place of
the "Possum" member who resigned. This
result insures a De- -cratic majority on joint
ballot of the two Legislative Houses, and se
cures the e ection of two Democratic United
States Senators. Bait. Clipper.
From the North Carolinian.
NORTH CAROLINA REGIMENT.
A letter from Sergeant John S. Hamilton,
dated Arispe's Mills, 30th Oct., 1847, gives us
a list of Company I, on 1st November, as fol
Wm. E. Kirkpatrick, Captain,
Thos. W. Dunham, 1st Lieut.
James K. Johnson, 2d do.
Wm. H. Harrison, 1st Sergeant,
Samuel W. Quay, 2d do.
John S. Hamilton, 3d do
Joseph B. Askew, 4h do.
Marshall W. Jessup, 1st Corporal,
Allen W. Thompson, 2d do.
Wm. R. Sikes, 3d do.
James B. Marshall, 4th do.
John R. Stubbs, Musician.
Bos well, John C
Btiie, Owf n
Gilmore, D M
Gotier, Wm H
Hallowell, J P
Hunter, S W
Massey, Wm H
Mc Daniel, C
McDaniel, J A
McDonald, Geo W
McLean, M L
McRae, Geo M
Price, John C
Kane, L F
Sikes, W J
Smith, L B
Smith, J C
Wiikerson, Wm J
Willoughby, W W
Wilson, Robert T
j ones, neuuen
Lane Vm g
Massey, A J
The following are the names of the dischar
ged, up fothe time : Stephen Parker, at Smith- j
ville ; Henry Bates, George Hariel, Allen
McLeod, R. W. Smith, at Camargo ; J. B.
Mclvin, Buena Vista ; Jesse Whitley, Robert
Ellington, W. L. Matthews, P. J. Meshaw,
at Saltillo ; the last three on the 12th of Octo
ber. The deaths were: Lt. John B. Beatty, Cor
poral Ricard, Dorsey Jones, Wm. M. Boon,
Walter Jenkins, J. A. McLean, Wm. Caison,
Rich'd Johnson, Wm. VV. Whitley, E. Jones,
J. H. Josey, Daniel J. Melvin, Hugh Buie. B.
P. Hand, John Johnson.
Sergeant Hamilton says the Regiment en
joys better health than it ever has before.
Scarcely ever hear of a death now.
Lt. J. B. Whitaker, formerly 1st Sergeant
of Company H , has been appointed Adjutant
in place of Lieut. Singleton, elected Captain
of Company B., in place of Roberts, resigned.
J. R. Daniel was elected Adjutant. R. F.
Webb fills the place of Lieut. Thompson, re
signed. Nothing important ocean ed lately.
From the New Orleans Picayune, Nov. 29th.
GEN. TAYLOR'S MOVEMENTS.
The schooner Wm. B. Hazard, Capt. San
ders, from Brazos Santiago, arrived off the
south-east pass on the afternoon of the 25th
inst., and came up to the city on Sunday. She
1 j ft Brazos on the evening of the 20th and en
countered contrary winds nearly all the time
lor the last two days out the wind blowing
almost a gale fiom the north-west. Our cor
respondent furnishes us with the following
items of news.
The party of 2d and 31 Dragoons which
was despatched after the guerrialla party who
attacked Lieut. Campbell on the 1st inst., re
turned without having been able to find the
party. They ascertained, however, that the
loss of the guerrillas had been more severe
than was at first supposed, the captain of the
band, the celebrated Mucho Martinez, the one
armed robber, having been killed as well as
six nr seven of his men, and quite as man'
more wounded. Ibe loss ol Lieut. Campbel
n. ,rr,,-;.i- tL r,i
V HO UO IM L 1 IX'Vt.. i .ltlll,ll 1 I 1L 1L LI Ul 1
The command of Major Lane, which was
despatched to Parras after the Indians, arrived
there the day after the fair, the red men hav
ing left the previous day, taking with them
about 2500 cattle, horses and mules, driven
from the different ranches. A company. un
der Capt. Adams was sent out after them but
had not returned to Encantada at last accounts.
Lieut. Dusenburry, of the Texas battalion,
had shot a man in the thigh for mutinous con
duct and it was thought mortally wounded
On the 7th instant, a train was sent from
Monterey to Camargo, under the escort of
Capt. Butler's company of 3d Dragoons, and
two companies of the 10th Infantry. Gen'l
Taylor broke up his encampment at Walnut
Springs, near Monterey, on the morning of
the 8th inst., and with his staff, accompanied
by Gen. Wool and staff, turned his face home
ward. He encamped that night, at Ramos,
overtaking the train which started the day
before. When near Marin the advance met
Mr. Van Allen, of New York, bearer of de-
, fl , - .
s naicnes 10 ucn. layior, escorted ny . amain
Hagan s company 2d Dragoons, and from the
communications or conversation ot Mr
A. everybody was highly elated. The gen
tleman intimated that he brought the leave of
absence for Gen. Taylor; that eight thousand
more troops had been called for which would
probably be sent to that line, and that it was
probable an advance would soon be ordered.
When General Taylor came up to Marin, at
night, and received the despatches, the bubble
burst and the probabilities of the bearer of de
spatches turned out to he great improbabilities
the documents being of little moment
the only important one being a copy of a cor
respondence between the War Departmcntand
Gen. Scott, in which the former instructed the
latter that for a certain character of supplies
he must in future depend upon the resources
of the country, as no more would be sent to
the troops from the United States. At Ma
rin, the agreeable intelligence was received
that on the 6th inst Lieut. Colonel Webb, of
the 16th Regiment, having received informa
tion that a party of guerrdlas were encamped
not a great ways from Cerralvo, he despatch
ed Major Norval, of the 16th, and about fifty
men of the Regiment, mounted, for their camp.
Conducted by a guide, they made their way
through the chaparral, and, quite as much to
their own surprise as that of the guerrillas,
bounced upon their camp. The robbers fled
in all directions and were fired upon by their
pursuers, who succeeded in killing two of
them and probably wounding several more.
Their ex pert n ess in chaparral fighting and
running saved their lives, but by the sudden
ness of their surprise they were compelled to
abandon all their horses, about thirty in num
ber, equipments, bridles, saddles, pistols, &c,
which fell into the hands of M.Vjor Norv'el's
party. The commander of the guerrilla party
was not known.
At Cerralvo Gen. Taylor was received with
a salute, and waited upon by the officers of
the garrison, ihe General arrived at M ipr in
the afternoon of the 12th, and partook of a
little collation, given by Col. Butler, of the 3d
The next Monday he left on the
steamer Major Brown, accompanied by Gen.
Wool, and arrived at Camargo in the after
noon, where he was received with a salute of
artillery from Capt. llunfs company, and vis-r.-
T i if e , .i
officeri of his regimen? 'stationed there! The
next afternoon there was a gran,, parade and
review of the seven companies of the 10th.-
The resiment anueared in rnnital trim A
, 4 4
On the 15th, Gen. Wool returned lo Mier,
and Gen. Taylor left for Matamoras rii the
steamer Col. Cross, where he arrive? On the
evening of the 17th, and the nexttmommg
pitchel his tent on shore, accompanied by Co!.
Whitney, Col. Monroe, Col. Eelkfnap, and
Major Bliss, where he was to remain7 un'?il the
22d, when he would leave for the Bjrazos,
there to await an answer to his application for
leave. The health ofkMatamoras has greatly
improved, although there was still some yel
low fever there, but of a mild type, yielding
leadily to proper treatment. t:
LATER FROM VERA CRUZ.
The steamship New Orleans, Capt. Auld,
arrived on Sunday iom Vera Cruz via Tam
pico. She left the former port on Sunday,
the 21st of November, with about seventy
passengers and 350 discharged quartermaster's
men ; reached Tarn pic the next day, and re
maining there twenty-four hours, left for this
port the afternoon of Tuesday the 23d. The
English steamer Forth left Tampico the same
day for era Cruz. There was no news oi
interest at Tampico.
Quite the most important news by this arri
val is the attempt by Santa Anna to resume
the reins of Government not by force, but by
a new assumption of the authority of Presi
dent, from which' he contends he has not yet
been legally separated. A long document has
been addressed by him from Tehuacan, dated
November 1st, to" the President, through the
Secretary of State, in which, after reviewing
the history of his resignation, he contends that
the terms of such resisrnation were not stiffi-
I ciently explicit, and that it can have no legal
j force until it has been accepted by Congress.
Again, he contends that he never did resign
entirely the functions of the President : that
he only consented temporarily to a separation
of- the civil from the military power of the
President the circumstances of the country
then requiring it and that he took command
of the army in his character of President.
The reason forthe separation of the civil from
the military author'ty of the President having
ceased, he now desires to resume his full legal
position as President, until Congress shall see
lit to accept his resignation. Could any act
of audacious assurance on the part of Santa
Anna surprise us, this document would do so,
for the naked impudence of it cannot be sur
passed, lt is grievously long, and its impor
tance would not justify us in giving it a place
in our columns even were it translated to our
1 - r. r A e
The same day he addressed an " Exposi
tion" to the Mexican Congress, in somewhat
the same strain as his letter to the President,
in which he tenders to Congress his resigna
tion, and entreats them to accept it. The
reader will at once detect the point at which
he aims ; for if Congress accepts this resigna
tion, declaring the office of President now first
vacant, then Pena y Pena's exercises ot au
thority has been all along a usurpation, and
his removal of Santa Anna from the comman I
of the army a usurpation. These documents
are unimportant, because they have doubtless
been suggested by Santa Anna's partisans at
Queretaro, who. hacked by hordes of disaffec
ted officers, may yet greatly embarrass the
Government. Santa Anna would hardly have
ventured upon so bold a stroke without assu
rances of a stronger support than it was sup
posed he could command.
The Arco Iris of the 21st inst , says the edi
tors of the Genius of Liberty have been order
ed out of the country.
There has been no later news received at
Vera Cruz direct from the city of Mexico.
The subjoined letters furnish the latest intelli
gence of Gen. Butler's and Gen. Patterson's
Special Correspondence of the Picayune.
Vera Cruz, Nov. 25, 1847.
A severe norther commenced here at a very
early hour on the ISth and did not abate until
last night. During its continuance the debark
ation of troops was suspended, and Gen. But
ler in consequence cannot leave so soon as he
originally purposed. The landing of the men
has been resumed to-day, and his advance is
to leave Tuesday next, the 22d; the main
ho ly following in two days after.
We have nothing later from the interior in
relation to the proceedings of Congress. The
belief prevails here that as soon as the new
levies of troops, of which those going up un
der the command of Gen. Butler are, I believe,
the last to arrive, reaches Gen. Scott, expediions
will be undertaken against several of the large
; cincs ami towns yet in me nanus or tne ene
my, and it is likely ttie " locomotive capital
will be the first point of attack. Gen. Scott,
when all his reinforcements reach him, will
have a force of about 20,000 men, and it
would appear ridiculous to leave them with
out employment while work is to be done.
Reports have reached here of an insurrec
tion at Guadalajara, in which Gen. Ampudia
was killed. How the report came it is impos
sible to find, and no details are given by those
The barque Texidor, for the safety of which,
as I informed you in'my last, apprehensions
existed, arrived on the night the Alabama left,
and the men she brought are being now lan
ded. An election was held in Captain, now Col.
Biscoe's company of the Louisiana mounted
battalion, day before yesterday to fill the va
cant Captaincy occasioned by the promotion
of Capt. B. 1st Lt. Geo. Kerr was chosen.
Jalapa, Nov. 15, 1847.
Night before last a well known guerrilla
Captain, named Tomas Monoscal, was arres
ted by Col. Wynkoop in a house in the city.
He was conveyed to the guard house, and
whilst irons were being prepared for him, he
by some means procured a razor and cut his
throat. It i.s rumored here that a force of 1,
500 men'is collected at Orizaba,who are drilled
by a Mexican officer of rairk, who gave his
parole of honor at Vera Cruz last spring to
oppose us no more unless he should be ex
changed. It is said that the enemy is casting
cannon at the same place.
We have heard that Capt. Nunez, the guer
rilla officer sent down under Col. Harney to
the castle of San Juan de Uloa, made his es
cape at Plan del Rio. A rumor has reached
here this morning from Queretaro. that the
Mexican Congress, now in session, (havimr
assembled a quorum,) have shown themselves
decidedly in favor of peace, but that the Gov
ernors of Departments are opposed to it. This
is believed here. A. B.
Col. Hughes is to be left in command of
From tlie Delta, Nov. 30.
The following is a list of the passengers
who arrived here on the New Orleans:
Passengers. Captains Hornsby, Heddv,
Lome. Anderson, Alexander, Denvey, Lieut's
R. J. Kelly,Brown, Denning, Sherwood, Kane,
Kutter, Spelhnan, Dru, Dr. Brooks, D. Wab
ry, J. C. Dennes, Midshipman Simpson,
Messrs. Foster, Gilpin, Cockbnm, B. Hood,
T. Egan, R. Hart, J. J. Morrison, C. M. dim
ming, J. H. Carkoy, Robert Dard, M. Fassis
tre, Dariels, Duprcs, Clark, C. M. Cranes, D.
Sullivan, D. Balwin, M. Throgmorton, S.
Chase, Smith, Hendricks, L. Bell, Young, M.
Man, H. H. Brooke, Lathoney, H. Pearmain,
and 300 discharged teamsters and Quartermas
The remains of the following officers were
also brought up on the steamship New Or
leans, from Vera Cruz:
Col. Roberts, Major Smith, late of thp
! Quartermaster's Department, at Vera Cruz,
I Cal1ts- Caldwell and Mcintosh, and Walker,
evan "angers, j i.ic'uenants Mclimley, Hall
Vera Cruz, Nov. 21, 1847.
Sinca writing, 2,450 troons hav-P nrrii n.l
X TZl t f 't'
' i S ' "tler here
nartu re ofa trJiJ"'0118 t
parture ot a new tram are going on with the
-j , r ......
utmost activity. Yon mo,. ,.! un u,.:
ness done here, when seven vessels have been
discharged in one day, all consigned to the
The prize schr. Reneissance, taken some
time since by the U. S. steamer Scorpion, left
here on Thursday, in charge of IL S. Midship
men Hunter and Bliss, both lately attached to
the Scorpion. They sailed for New Orleans.
Quitman and Hamey.These distinguish
ed officers left New Orleans on the 25th ult.,
the formerwith his staff, on board tfu stpampr
'Concordia, for Natchez, ond the latter, Capt.
t Kearny, and other officers for Saint Louis.
THE THIRTIETH CONGRESS.
We are indebted to the New York Journal
of Commerce for the following tables of the
members of the present Congress:
Senate. The new Senate will comprise
58 members, without including the two who
may shortly be expected from Wisconsin. Of
ho whole number. 5-1 are already elected: and
of these 22 are Whigs, and 32 Democrats.
There are four vacancies viz : 2 in Iowa, 1
in Alabama, and 1 in Texas all of which
will send Democrats.
John Fairfield, 1851
J W Bradbury, 1853
C G Atberton, 1849
tA Democrat, 1853
Jefferson Davis, 1851
Henry S Foote, 1853
Henry Johnson, 1846
J P Hale, 1853
William Upham, 1849
SS Phelps, 1851
Daniel Webster, 1851
John Davis, 1853
Albert C Greene, 1851
John H Clarke, 1853
John M Niles, 1849
R S Baldwin, 1851
John A Dix, 1S49
S U Downs, 1S53
H L Turney, 1851
John Bell, 1853
J J Crittenden, 1849
J R Underwood, 1853
William Allen, 1849
Thomas Cor win, 1851
E A Hannegan, 1849
Jesse D Bright, 1851
Sidney Breese, 1849
S A Douglass, 1853
D R Atcheson, 1849
Thos H Benton, 1851
A H Sevier, 1849
Chester Ashley, 1853
DL Dickinson, 1851
Wm S Dayton, 1851
Jacob W Miller, 1853
Simon Cameron, 1849
Daniel Sturgeon, 1851
JM Clayton, 1851
P Spruance, 1853
James A Pcarcc, 1849 Lewis Cass, 18al
Rcvcrdy Johnson, 1851 Alpheus Felch, 1853
Jas M Mason, 1851 J D Westcott.jr, 1849
RMTHunter. 18531 David luhse, 1851
Geo E Bad per, 1849
W P Mangum, 1853
A P Butler, 1849
John C Calhoun, 1853
Thos J Rusk, 1851
A Democrat, 1833
.Probably 2 Democrats.
Legislature said to be
Democratic, in conse
quence of new elections
to fill vacancies.
WT Colquitt, 1849
JMcP Berrien, 1853
Bv appointment of the Governor.
t Democratic Legislature already chosen.
House of Representatives. The follow
ing is a complete list of the members of the
House of Representatives there not being at
this moment a single vacancy. Whole num
ber of members, 228. At the date of the last
apportionment it was 223 ; but there have
since been added, 1 from Florida, 2 from Tex
as, and 2 from Iowa
David Hammond, D
Asa VV II Clapp, D
Hiram Belcher, W
Thos H Bayly, D
II T L Beale, D
J S Pendleton, W
Henry Bedinger, D
Jas McDowell, D
Wm B Preston, VV
Andrew S Fulton, W
R A Thompson, D
Franklin Clark, D
Ephraim K Smart, D
James S Wiley, D
He.ekiah Williams, D
jWm G Brown, D
Amos fuck, VV
Charles H. Peaslee, D Thos L Clingman, W
James Wilson, W
James II Johnson, D
William Henry, W
Jacob Collamer, W
George P Marsh, VV
Lucius B Peek, D
Nathaniel Bovden, VV
D M Barringer, VV
A H Shepherd, W
A VV Vcnahle, D
.1 R J Daniel, D
!J J McKay, D
Pxich'd S Donncll, W
David Outlaw, W
James A Black, D
Richard F Simpson, D
Jos A Woodward, D
Alexander D Sims, D
A i mislead Burt, D
Isaac E Holmes, D
II Barnwell Rhett, D
Thos Butler King, VV
Alfred Iverson, D
John W Jones, VV
Hugh A Haralson, D
John H Lumpkin, D
Howell Cobb, D
Alex H Stephens, W
Robert Toombs, W
John Gayle, VV
Henry W Hilliard, VV
W R W Cobb, D
Samuel W Inge, D
Robert C Winthrop, W
Daniel P King, W
Amos Abbot, W
John G Palfrey, W
Charles Hudson, VV
George Ash nun, W
Julius Rockwell, VV
John Q Adams, VV
Artemas Hale, W
Joseph Grinnel, W
Robert B Cranston, VV
Benj B Thurston, D
James Dixion, W
Sam'l D Hubbard, W
John A Rockwell, W
Truman Smith, W
Frederick VV Lord, D
Henry C Murphy, D
Henry Nicol, D
Wm B Maclay, D
George S Houston, D
Fred A Tallmadgc, Wj
Samson VV Harriss, D
F W Bowdon, D
Jacob Thompson, D
VV S Featherston, D
P W Tompkins, W
Albert G Brown, D
David S Jackson, D
Win Nelson, VV
Cornelius Warren, VV
Dan'l B St John, W
Eliakim Sherrell, W
Peter H Sylvester, W
Gideon Reynolds, W
John J Slingerland, W Emile LaSere, D
Orlando Kellogg, W IB G Thibodeaux, W
Sidney Lawrence, D
Hugh White, W
Geo Petrie, D
Wm Collins, D
Jos Mullin, W
Timothy Jenkins, D
G A Starkweather, D
Ausburn Birdsall, D
Wm Ducr, W
Daniel Gott, W
J H Harmanson, D
Isaac E Morse, D
James J Fa ran, D
David Fisher, VV
Rob't C Schcnck, W
Richard S Canby, W
Wm Sawyer, D
R Dickinson, D
',J D Morris, D
Harmon S Conger, W'J L Taylor, W
Wm T Lawrence, W Thos O Edward
John M Holly, W
Elias B Holmes, VV
Robt L Rose, W
David Ramsey, Jr, W
Dudley Marvin, W
Nathan K. Hall, W
Harvey Putnam, W
Washington Hunt, VV
Daniel Duncan, W
John K Miller, D
Samuel F Vinton, W
Thomas Ritchey, I)
Nathan Evans, W
William Kennon, D
J D Cummins, D
(George Fries, D
J G Hampton, W
Wm A Newell, W
Joseph E. Ed sail, D
John Van Dyke, W
Dudley S Gregory, W
Lewis C Levin, Native
Jos R Ingersoll, W
Charles Brown, D .
Chas J Ingersoll, D
John W Freedley, VV
J W Hornbeck, WT
Abr'm R M'llvaine.W
John Strohm, VV
Wm Strong, D
Rich'd Brodhead, D
Chester Butler, D
David Wilmot, D
James Pollock, VV
Geo N Eckert, VV
Henry Nes, VV
Jasper E Brady, WT
John Blanchard, W
Andrew Stewart, VV
Job Mann, D
John Dickey, VV
Moses Hampton, VV
John W Farelly, W
James Thompson, D
Alexander Irvin, W
John VV Houston, W
J G Chapman, W
J Dixon Roman, VV
Thos W Ligon, D
Robt M McLane, D
Alexander Evans, W
Samuel Labm, D
John Crow ell, VV
Josh R Giddings, W
Jos M Root, VV
Linn Boyd, D
Beverly L Clark, D
Samuel O Peyton, D
Aniett huckner, W
John B Thompson, VV
Green Adams, W
Garrett Duncan, VV
Chas S Morehead, W
Richard French, D
John P Gaines, W
Andrew Johnson, D
William M Cocke, W
John H Crozier. VV
Henry L VV Hill, D
Geo W Jones, D
James II Thomas, D
Meredith' P Gentry, VV
Wash Barrow, VV
L B Chase, D
I Fred P Stanton, D
111 L I l.t-St 1 1 , VV
Elisha Embree, W
Thos J Henley, D
J L Robinson, D
Caleb B Smith, VV
Wm W Wick, D
Geo G Dunn, VV
R VV Thompson, W
John Pettit, D
Chas VV Catbcart, D
John W Chrisfield, W
Robert Smith, D
J A McClernand, D
Orlando B Ficklin, D
John Wentworth, D
Wm A Richardson, D
T J Turner, D
Abraham Lincoln, W
Archibald Atkinson, D
Rich'd K Meade, D
Thos S Flournoy, W
Thos S Bocock, D
Wm L Goggin, W
John M Borts, W
D S Kaurfman. D
Robert McCielani, ,
Timothy Piilsbury, D
E C Cabell, W
James B Bolin, D
s tiwgham, 1)
John Jameson, D
Jas S Green, D
John S Phelps, D
Willard P Hall, D
"ovarii UL.A11UIN BY FIGURE
Vermont - - 3
Maine - - 1
Georgia - - 4
South Carolina -Ohio
Florida - - 1
New York - 23
New Jersey 4
Michigan - - -Texas
3 - 3
2 - 2
2 " 341
9 1 14
4 7 s
3 3 6
5 1 6
2 - 2
6 5 6
3 0 4
110 79 142
Delaware 1 -
New Hampshire 2
Connecticut - 4
Rhode Island - 1
Virginia - - 6
Kentucky - 6
Indiatia - - 4
North Carolina 6
Alabama - 2
Iowa - -
Maryland . 4
Louisiana - 1
Mississippi - 1
Whig mnj. in house 8
Dem mnj in senate 14 probably.
Dem.'maj. on joint
Including Levin, native.
From tlie KaWiw.M,., '
RALEIGH & GASTON BAIL liOAD.
We publish, with pleasure, the statement o;
the Treasurer of the Raleigh & Caston Ra
Road, for the fiscal year, since his report to
the Legislature, heretofore published : 1
Statement of the Fiscal Affairs nf the BehiH
tf Gaston Rail Road, for the ycur endil
October 31, 1847.
Actual balance on hand, Oct. 31, 1846, $f,2t8 2s
Receipts from Freight, $32,199 54
" " Passengers, 26,031 82
" Mail, 8,496 21
Add for last quarter's mail
pay, due but not received, 2,175 00-68.902.
Disbursed as follows .
On acc't Transportation, 8,3fi6 97
" Repairs on Road, 21.256 84
" Engines, Cars, &c 14,3.77 82
" Depots, 5,971 89
" Salaries, 2,475 0U
" Fuel, 4,050 06
" Extraord'y Rep'rs, 4,844 70
" Contingencies, 494 48
Statio.ieiy, 109 75
" Loss account, 2,910 42-65,45: ?.
Balance, Oct. 31, 1817. $9,f.fi2 j
Ain't due from P. O. Dep., 2,1 75 00
" Petersburg R. R. Co., 4.444 01
" Agents on the Road, 1,841 00
" Treasurer's cash, 1 202 91-!1 r,r2 X
VV. W. v',ss, Treasurer.
This aceount consists of the following items;
Paid Petersburg Rail Rood Company iii
the settlement of lost and damaged
Goods, from 1st January, 1846, to 1-st
March, 1847, $W i;
Paid for Cotton burnt at Tranklinton. 2,197 C3
Paid for sundry articles lost or damaged, 88 M
latest from the North Carolina Regiments
A letter from a member of the North Carolina.
Regiment, dated " Camp at Arispe's Milk
near balttllo, Mexico, (Jet. 29," says that t;;
Regiment is in the enjoyment of excellent
health, and all are well satisfied.
Lieut. Col. Fagg left a few days before tli
date of the letter for North Carolina osk'nv
bly with the view of raising recruits for tit
Regiment, but the writer expresses the'beliet
that he has " only gone to try and restore Gi.
Paine's character, which he will undoubtedly
fail to do." He assigns as a reason for so be
lieving, that " a few days before he starte-1.
there was a paper got up by Col. Paine and'
his friends, justifying his conduct ever since
he has been in Mexico particularly on ibe
evening when his steed was broken down,anJ
the night that Bradley was killed."' The wri
ter states that Col. Fagg met with poor par
cess in getting the Officers to sign. The lir-'
two to whom it was presented, refused out
and out. Only four or five in the whole Re
Generals Wool and Taylor bad left the
former for Monterey, to take charge of the
troops at that place, and the latter for home.
Col. Hamtranck was in command of all the
troops at Saltillo. Tarboro' Press.
Rockingham in the Field.' We have on'y
room to say, in our paper of to-day, that
have just teceived the proceedings of the be
mocratic Meeting held in Rockingham, and ;
express our high gratification at the bold a '
patriotic manner in which the sterling Rejui
licans of that county have led off, preparer'
to the great contest of 1818. The Hon. Da
vid S. Reid presided, and Col. E. W. Han
cock acted as Secretary. The Resolution
which breathe the right spirit, and whicb an
admirably drawn, were presented by Robert
P. Dick, Esq., who accompanied the presen
tation of them with appropriate remarks
They take ground in favor of a Democratic
State Convention, and twenty Delegates m
appointed to attend said Convention.
The proceedings of this Meeting shall ap
pear in our next. Standard, 1st inst.
Steamer for North Carolina The nf
and handsome Steamboat, Rough an
built at Hartford, (Conn.) arrived at this PJ
yesterday, on her way to Newbera, throw
the Dismal Swamp Canal. The Rough an:
Ready is intended for a regular freight aw
passage boat between Newbcrn and Sit
field, is 80 feet in length, with excellent Cab
in accommodations, and is commanded
Captain John Martin. Norfolk Herald
A Good Toast.- The following
found in the " National Intelligencer" of 18-'
it was given at a democratic celebration of"
8th of January of that year, held in Waeh'6!
ton city :
44 By the Hon. Mr. Polk of Tennessee.-"
lTnioo of the Stales The reprobation of n J
dignant countr awaits all those who maya"4"1!'
to distract it, fry exciting sectional jealo"3
tween the north and the south, and east and
between the slaveholding and non .glavehoW
This toast was given by James -the
present President of the United S-';.
twentif years ago, when he was a mernte
Congress. It is worthy of being publish6" '
tnis particular time. Ohio Statesman.
The difference between the weather in
country and England may be judged of 1 .
a fact which we see stated in a London 1
written on the 3d inst. The writer says
the office occupied by him is called a ;
room; yet, be adds, 1 am now writing, a1
noon, with two large candles, and sea.
see what I write." ' Well may he say
American readers, "rejoice in yof , 2.
skies and pure atmosphere ;" for who st ,ffr.
been groping in darkness our people have
.w ,s ,le!itrhtful as has ?
been experienced at this season of the