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THE WILMINGTON JOURNAL.
xvnsusaros, n. c, fridiy, apxux. 12, isso. r"For Foreign New?, &c, see Fourth Page. To DciuoirnlD ! Tne flftef nth off Mayt Are our Democratic brethren throughout the State aware of the fact that the Democratic State Convention for the nomination of a candidate for Governor, and for other pur poses, will be held on the 15th of next month 1 It would reem not, for although it barely wants a month of that time, comparatively few counties have na yet Appointed delegates. We would respectfully but earnestly urge upon our friends in such counties as have not yet moved in this matter, the necessity of immediate action. We would suggest the hold ing of meeting?, and the appointment of delegates at such courts as may intervene between this and the time specified for the holding of the Convention ; and in counties where no courts intervene, tho holding of special meetings for the ap pointment of delegates. Successor to Mr. Calhoun. We find in the Charleston Mercury, of the 8th instant, a correspondence between Gov. Seatjrook, of South Carolina, and Gen. Hamilton of the same State, in regard to the Senatorial vacancy occasioned by the death of Mr. Calhoun. On the 1st instant, Gov. Seabrook wrote a letter to Gen. Hamilton, ten dering him the appointment, and on the 3d Genl Hamilton replied, accepting the appointment so ten dered. Subsequently, doubts having arisen regard ing Gcnl Hamilton's eligibility, that gentleman promptly tendered his resignation of the appointment which had been conferred upon him. The point in question is, whether Ger. II . is really a bona fide resident of South Carolina, as his wife and family Ravnnnah. Georgia. The General believes that he is a citizen of South Carolina, having bis on ly fixed domicil in Bluffton, St. Luke's Parish, in that State, but tia there sooma to be doubt upon the sub ject, he has thought it better to return the appoint ment. Our Book Tabic The Democratic Review, for April, is received. It may be remarked of this magazine that its politi cal and financial articles arc very ably written, but its literary pretensions, if it makes any, are totally unfounded. The leading article in the present num ber is entitled "Centralization," which is a bold and forcible defence of the State rights doctrines, and op posed to centralization or the assumption of any pow ers by the General Government beyond those express ly delegated to it. The Medical Examiner, for April, is also received. It no doubt contains much valuable information for the medical profession. Lindsay & Blakiston, pub lishers, Philadelphia. Also, from the same publishers, a Dictionary of Poetical Quotations, consisting of extracts on eve ry subject, compiled from various authors and ar ranged under appropriate heads; by John T. Wat son, M. D. This selection sccm3 to have been care fully made, and will no doubt bo found very conve nient to those who desire to embellish their composi tions with poetical quotations. Although somewhat familiar with the works of many of the most popular poets in the language, we cannot find that we have ever made a quotation but once in our life, and it is probable that that had better been omitted. Public Documents. We are indebted to Hon. A. AV. Venable for a copy of the Patent Office report for 1848, and to Hon. Lewis Cass for a copy of his speech on Mr. Bell's resolutions. Bad Tntc. It is understood that Mr. Webster and Mr. Dick inson will accompany the remains of Mr. Calhoun to their final resting place in South Carolina, and it seems to bo expected by some that, on their return from the discharge of that solemn duty, they will stop in Wilmington to participate in scenes of festivi ty and mirth ; in fact, that they will be present at a Webster and Dickinson ball, to bo given in their honor. Wc do sincerely hope that no such violation of good feeling and propriety will be committed that these aged men, returning from the grave of one associated with them through so many long and try ing years, will not shock the moral feeling of the community by so rapid a transition. Nor, standing with one foot in the grave, use the other to dance, as it were, over the fresh turf that covers a recently de ceased friend. There are two old prints, we believe by Hogarth, one entitled "The Funeral,'1 the other "The Return from the Funeral." In the first, every one is as sol emn as an owl and as grave as an oyster. In the re turn, all is laughter and merriment. We hope that the progress of the Committee escorting Mr. Cal iiorjTs remains will present no such incongruity in its going and returning. To be sure this is the ''nine teenth century," and anything like feeling is rather obsolete, unless for effect, but still a proper regard for appearances requires that people should at least "go through the motions" in a becoming manner. Of course, it is not supposed that they should feel, but then they should at least seem to feel. Launch of a Steam Frigate. The launch of the United States steam frigate Susquehanna took place at Philadelphia on the Cth inst. Her measurement is nearly 3,000 tons, and, in many respects, she will be the heaviest and most powerful war steamer in the world. GScn. Cass' Course Endorsed. The following resolutions have passed the Senate and House of Representatives of the State of Michi gan. It will be seen that they endorse the course of the Senators from that State, in their patriotic efforts in support of the Union, and in opposition to the Wilmot proviso. Gen. Cass will now be at liberty to retain his scat, and pursue whatever course his judgment may dictate in regard to this matter, un trammelled by legislative instructions : Joint Resolutions relating to the Union. Whereas the people of this State arc opposed to the extcn tion of slavery, but believe that a crisis in our national affairs has arrived, which demands an expression of their deep, de voted and unalterable "attachment to the Union, and their fixed determination, in a spirit of mutual forbearance and moderation, to guard by all means against the dangers at present, in the opinion of many, threatening its integrity; and whereas, in the present emergency, they believe that our Senators in Conzrcss oueht to be left free to act as their 4j judgment may dictate, on all questions that may arise in any way affecting the stability and permanency of the federal compact: Therefore, Be it resolved ly the Senate and House of Representatives of the State of Michigan, That, in-the opinion of this legis lature, the people of this State most heartily approve of the noble and patriotic stand taken in the Senate ot tne u. ctaies by those distinguished statesmen who, representing the vari ous sections and different feelings of our common country, have united their efforts to preserve the Union "one and in divisible." And be it further resolved, That, in the opinion of this legislature, it is the duty of our senators in Congress, and they are hereby requested, to retain their places in our na tional councils, which they have heretofore filled with such signal prudence and distinguished ability; and they are hereby left free to aid by voice and vote in any and every movement which their judgment may decide to be best cal culated to promote the interests and glory of the whole na- nrwl iliA tmnnnillitv. intesrritv. and permanency of the Union. Resolved, That the governor be requested to transmit cer tified copies of this preamble and these resolutions to the Vice President of the United States, and to each of our sena tors iu Congress Mr. Wcbatev Sustained. Nearly one thousand of the most intelligent and respectable citizens of Boston, have addressed a letter to Mr. Webster, thanking him for his great Union speech in the Senate of the United States. It is a foL that while Mr. Webster's course is , heartily endorsed by his political opponent of the Boston Post, it is met with cold disapprobation, or - X A, still colder praise by the organs of his own party not even excepting the Boston Atlas, which has here tofore been regarded as his especial organ. It is said that the Abbot Lawrence interest is arrayed against Messrs. Webster and Wintiirop upon the slavery question in Massachusetts, and that these gentlemen accompanied by Mr. Ashmun will can vass that state during the next recess of Congress. We wish them all success in their efforts to crush the miserable spirit of fanaticism, but fear that they will receive a very limited support from their own party. Mr. Webster's present position is the same which was avowed in the address of the Democratic State Convention of Massachusetts previous to the last Presidential election and was bitterly assailed by their opponents, who denounced Cass as a pro-slavery propagandist, while even Mr. Webster himself, invited the Free Soilers into the ranks of the Whig party, which he said was the real anti-slavery party of the Union. He then sowed the wind, and must now reap the whirlwind, even when he would do better. The Italdgh Star and Edward Stnnly. We clip the following from the Raleigh Star of 3d April. The Editor is commenting upon the speech of Mr. Stanly, recently delivered in the House of Representatives, upon the slavery question. The Star is a Whig paper, but goes with the South on the slavery question. Mr. Stanly is a Whig, as every body knows. In the speech which the Star is com menting on, Mr. Stanly said that if the people of Nashville do their duty when the delegates to the Southern Convention assemble there, " They will drive every traitor into the Cumberland River." We have before referred to this speech, and shall not of fer any comments upon it now : It is unfortunate that Mr. Stanly has not been able to perceive the extent of the aggressions actual ly perpetrated and threatened by the North against the South ; that he too lightly regards the griev ances of the latter ; erroneously attributes the ex citement at the South to a designing factious spirit ; and thus gives encouragment to the fanatics the very men whom, in another part of his speech, he so eloquently and sharply rebukes. We do not be lieve there are half a dozen intelligent men in North Carolina, who agree with Mr. Stanly in the opinion, that " this agitation, this attempt to " excite alarm, is altogether now, as it was last sum " mer, in the Southern States, for party purposes ;." and we are glad to see the Register, of this City, which is far from giving any countenance to any undue agitation, and would be among the last to do injustice to Mr. Stanly, plainly and frankly ex presses its dissent from this assertion ; and boldly 6 affirms that " the South has suffered gross wrongs " that her rights under the Constitution have been " wantonly and shamefully violated." On this point Mr. Stanly's own immediate constituents differ widely from him, if the solemnly expressed opinions of the " sober, patriotic and conservative" Whigs of Hyde County be taken as evidence of what the people believe in that district." Democratic Victories In Connecticut and Ohio. It will be seen by the annexed statement, that spite of the laborious exertions of that industrious man of all work, (dirty work, included.) Truman Smith, the federal party has been routed "horse foot and dragoons," both in Connecticut and Ohio ; thus ensuring a Democratic United States Senator, from the former State, in place of that rank Whig Wilmot provisoist Baldwin whose term will ex pire March next : CosxroTKUT. The State of Connecticut has clearly gone democratic. The following is believed to be the result : Senate, G whigs, 14 democrats, 1 doubtful House, 102 whigs, 112 democrats, 8 free soilers. The vote for governor, from all the towns fif thp StnrA nvcnnf 1 A rri t-no Jn T?ncfri- wlilrr 2G,594 ; Mr. Seymour, democrat, 2G.S60 j and Mr. Boyd, free-soil, 2,283. In 1840, Mr. Trumbull had, in the whole State, 27,800: Mr. Sevmour, 25,106: Mr. Nilcs, 3,320. Ouio Convention Election. There have been received returns from 41 districts, which returns 38 Democrats, 28 Whigs, and 0 Free Soilers to the Con vention to amend the Constitution. The impression is, that it will be largely Democratic. Per Contra. The little Algerine State of Rhode Island is as strongly Federal as ever only more so. Mr. Webster not coking. On account of having to go home on indispensable private business, Mr. Webster has been excused from serving on the conimitte to escort Mr. Calhoun's remains, conse quently he will not come here, as expected. Boston, April 8th. Visit of Mas. Webster, and her Daughters to the Governor. Mrs. Webster and her three daughters paid a visit to Governor Briggs, at the Adams' House, yesterday. The interview lasted about an hour. It is said to have been painfully interesting. Their pleadings for mercy towards the unfortunate husband and father were intense and affect ing. It is supposed that they have made a deep impression upon the Governor. another ohower of f lesh and blood. a cor respondent of the Richmond Whig says that pieces of flesh and blood recently fell from a cloud over about the extont of a rood of ground in Hanover coun ty, Va. The specimens sent are said to smell very much like frogs, and may have been taken up by a water-spout from some swamp, and been battered in to the appearance presented by their fall. Honor to the Memory of Mr. Calhoun. The following resolutions expressive of the sense of the Legislature 'of New York, were reported to the Senate of that State, on the 2d instant, by Mr. Mor gan, from the Joint Select Committee appointed on the Message of the Governor, announcing the death of the Hon. John C. Calhoun, and unanimously adopted : Resolved, That the Legislature of the State of New l ork have heard with deep rejrret of the death of the Hon. John C. Calhoun, United States Senator from South Carolina ; that they entertain sentiments of profound respect for the pre-eminent ability, the unsullied character and the high-minded indepen dence, which, throughout his life, distinguished his devotion to the public service ; and that they unite with their fellow-citizens throughout the Union in deploring his death as a public calamity. Resolved, That the Governor of this State be re quested to transmit a copy of these resolutions to the President of the Senate of the United States, with a request that the same be entered on their journal, and a copy to the Governor of the State of South Carolina, with a request that he transmit the same to the family of the deceased. Resolved, That as a token of respect to the memo ry of the deceased, the public offices be closed, and the flag at the Capitol be displayed at half-mast for twenty-four hours, and that the Senate do now ad journ. The same resolutions were passed by the Assem bly, which also adjourned. Quick Passage. The passengers who left New York in the steamer Cherokee, on the 5th of Janua ry, reached San Francisco in thirty-six days. California Fortunes. A Washington letter in the N. Y. Journal of Commerce says : "A gentleman from California, now here, says that Col. Fremont is the richest man in the world. His gold mine will probably be saleable in a few years, at six millions an acre. Mr. Wright men tioned to-day, that he knows of spots belonging to the Government, which are worth six millions of dol lars an acre, and will produce from ten to twenty per cent, a year on that sum." Dying Words of Mr. Calhoun. An authentic report of the last hours of Mr. Calhoun, in the Charleston Mercury, states that a few hours before his death, he uttered the following remark : " I cannot avoid thinking of the political affairs of me country, it l could nave but one hour to speak in the Senate, I could do more good than on any previous occasion of my life." The Conviction of Webster. "Gentlemen of the Jury .You are sworn in all cases, to decide according to the evidence ; at the doubt, you are bound to give the prisoner the benefit of it. Suppose you have to pronounce on the guilt or innocence of a gentleman accused of felony. You will naturally doubt whether any gentleman -would commit such offences : accordingly, however strong may be the testimony against him, you will, perhaps, acquit him. The evidence of your own senses is, at least, as credible as that of the witnesses; if, therefore, your eyesight convinces you that the prisoner is a well-dressed person, you have a right to presume his respectability; ana it is ior yuu i n o, respectable person would be likeiy to be guilty of the crimes imputed to him. In like manner, when you see a shabby-looking fellow in the dock, charg ed, for example, with sheep-stealing, the decision rests with you, first, whether or not that individual is a ragamuffin: and, secondly, how far it is proba ble that a man of that description would steal sheep." Punch's charge to the Jury. The principles laid down by that distinguish Ju rist, Chief Justice Punch, in the above extract from i.;a o,iimrnr.lA fli.irorft to the Jury, are fully recog nized, and acted upon by many of the writers for the public press, and other disputants with whom we meet in our daily walk and conversation. It seems to be a settled principle with some, that human testimony is only credible when brought to bear against the life or reputation of an humble individual, or one who occupies an inferior position in society, but loses all force and value when the criminal may happen to belong to the respectable and wealthy classes, re spectable and wealthy being used as convertible terms A most glaring instance of this may be found in the case of Dr. Webster. This man was arraigned be fore the highest criminal court of Massachusetts, the Chief Justice on the bench was his personal friend, the Jury was, to all intents and purposes of his own choosing, and was composed of highly res pectable men. The trial occupied eleven anxious days, and from its commencement to its close, the Jury held no communication with the world at large they heard nothing upon the subject but the testi mony, the speeches of the counsel, and the Judge's charge ; finally, Webster himself was allowed to address them before they retired, and give his own version of any circumstances he might choose to ex plain, and then the Jury, having retired, before they proceeded to make up their verdict, knelt down and invoked the direction of Providence to guide them aright in the discharge of their terrible duty. When they consulted together there seemed to be no differ ence of opinion in regard to Webster's guilt, al though one Juror, a personal friend of his, disliked to give a verdict because he was opposed to hanging, but Avhcn shown that he was sworn to give a verdict according to the evidence, irrespective of consequen ces, he yielded his scruples and joined with his fellow-jurors. No man could have had a fairer trial. No verdict could have been made up more deliberate ly nor more prayerfully ; yet no sooner has the re sult been made known than the verdict is attacked by nearly all the leading presses in the Northern ci ties, especially in New York and Philadelphia. The opposition to the verdict is founded upon the fallibili ty of human testimony and the "respectability" of the accused, as though all judicial proceedings were not based upon human testimony, and its rejection, merely upon account of its inherent fallibility, would not strike at the root of all law and justice ; besides there is no greater mistake in the world than that of confounding social position with character. A man may be rich he may be one of the "upper ten," but yet his character be that of a tyrannical, overbear ing, or cruel man ; whereas another, in the humbler walks of life, may be distinguished by kindness and amiability. It would be unjust and foolish to reject the evidence to be derived from character, but it would be equally so to substitute mere wealth or position in its stead. The journalists who declaim against the verdict as being irreconcilable with Webster's character, really make this mistake of confounding his character with his social position. So far as we can see anything of his real character, it was bad. He was notoriously unreliable in his pecuniary rela tions, and in some of his transactions his conduct was far from honorable. In many instances, also, when not restrained by conventional usages, his temper seems to have been irritable, and even cruel. These things the exhibition of the man himself are the only points of any importance as evidence ; all other things are merely adventitious, and form no more a part of the man's character than would the fineness or coarseness of his coat. We make these observations in regard to this case because they are of general application, and we have heard the same sort of reasoning advanced by men in our own midst. The allusion to classes is alto gether too frequent in all American communities. The demagogue praises the poorer classes as contain ing all the virtue and honesty in the world; the wculd-be aristocrat considers character as the neces sary accompaniment of wealth and position. Both are wrong. A man may acquire wealth and be hon est ; another may be poor and be none the less so. A rich man, or a " respectable " one, may be a scoun drel, and so may a man who does not own a farthing in the world. The man himself should alone be look ed to. To neglect this, and pay attention only to the accessories of wealth or poverty by wdiich he may be surrounded, betrays vulgarity of feeling and shal lowness of judgment. Medical Society of N. C. The Medical Society ot JN . Carolina held its first anniversary meeting in Raleigh, on Wednesday of last week. Dr. Strud wick, of Orange, the President, delivered an address upon the general improvement of medical science, and Dr. lhos. J. Cameron, of Fayetteville, a lec ture upon the uncertainty of medicine, popular fal lacies relative to the profession, the duties of Physi cians, &c. The officers of the association for the last year were reappointed. Drs. W. G. Thomas, E. Strud- wick, and J. F. McRee, Sr., were appointed delegates to the National Medical Convention, with Drs. N. J. Pitman, W. L. Norwood, and J. F. McRee, Jr., as al ternates. Dr. C. E. Johnson, of Raleigh, was selec ted to deliver the lecture at the next session of the Society, with Dr. N. J. Pittman, of Edgecombe, as his alternate, Drs. w. H. McKee. V. G. Hill. C. F. Johnson, R. B. Haywood, and E. B. Haywood, all of Raleigh, were chosen a State Central Committee. The following gentlemen were elected Honorary members. Dr. Benj. Robinson, of Fayetteville., Drs J. F. McRee, Sr., and A. J. DeRosset, Sr., of Wil mington, Dr. James Webb, of Hillsboro', Dr. J. T. Norcom, of Edcnton, Dr. S. J. Baker, of Raleigh, Dr. Thomas H. Hr.ll of Edgecombe, and Dr. R. T. Broad nax, of Rockingham. The next sitting will be in April 1851, at Raleigh. Chronicle. Safety of Sir John Franklin. A telegraphic dispatch from our Baltimore correspondent, dated on Saturday last, gives us the gratifying intelligence that the New-York Commercial Advertiser of that day, contains a letter from St. Paul, Minesota. an nouncing the safety of Sir John Franklin. This intelligence will be received with the great est gratification throughout the whole civilized world. The interest that has been expressed in England, on the fate of this bold explorer of un known regions the munificent rewards that havp been offered for any information respecting him the exhibition of heroism, and attachment, and per severence of his lady, who has by her indomitable efforts to rescue from peril, or learn the fate of her husband created a most intense feeling throughout the whole world has thrown around the name of Sir John Franklin a romance, that apart from the information which his perilous voyages may contrib ute to knowledge of heretofore unexplored regions. will cause every philanthropic heart to bound with pleasure. We await further details to learn the par ticulars of this gratifying intelligence. Charleston Courier, 8th inst. Thirty-First Congress Flrt Session. Wedxesdat, Aptil 3. senate. a message was received from the President, on the , . e nlmviat; ajrent sent to Huncarv during SUDieCV ui o- - . - the recent war between that country and Austria. Ordered to be printed. After the presentation of petitions and memorials, Gen. Cass presented the following resolution, which was unanimously adopted : nr.rJvrd. That the Committee of Arrangements be direc- ted to cause to be published, in a pamphlet form, and m such nmP, as may seem to them appropriate, lor me use oi me tjpnate thousand copies of the addresses made by the members of the Senate, together with the discourse of the Kev. Dr. Butler, upon the occasion of the death oi the Hon. John C. Calhoun. The blank was filled up with the number of ten thousand. Mr. Mason, chairman of the Committee of Ar rangements, stated that he had received a letter from Dr. J. C. Calhoun, requesting that the remains of his father should remain in the Vault of the Con gressional Burying Ground until their removal to South Carolina. In yieAV of their removal, and as a further token of respect, he moved that when the remains shall be transferred to Mr. Calhoun's native State, they shall be attended by a committee of the Senate. The resolution was adopted, and the num ber of the committee fixed at six. On motion, the Secretary of the Senate was direc ted to pay to Dr. J. C. Calhoun, the sum due the late John C. Calhoun for per diem compensation and mileage. The Vice President made an explanation regard ing his understanding of the powers conferred upon him bv the rules of the Senate. He thought it was w- his right to call Senators to order when they trans gressed the rules of decorum, and he should hereaf ter exercise that right in the rigid entorcement ot the rules. The explanations were ordered to be prin ted, and entered on the minutes. Mr. Baldwin, of Connecticut, finished his speech upon slavery, and was replied to by Mr. Underwood, of Kentucky. Mr. Bradbury gave notice, that on the day after to-morrow he would call up his motion in regard to removals, and would then offer a few remarks. On motion, the Senate adjourned. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. Considerable time was occupied in a discussion concerning the purchase of water rotted hemp for the Navy. The Speaker presented a communication from Hon. G.'W. Crawford, Secretary of the Navy, asking for an investigation into his connection with the Gal phm claim. Un motion, a committee ot nine was ordered to be appointed by the chair to make such investigation. The House resolved itself into Committee of the Whole on the state of the Union, and resumed the consideration of the California question. Mr. McClernand, of 111., offered for consideration a plan for the settlement of the slavery question ve ry similar to that offered in the Senate by Mr. Doug las, except that Mr. McClernand incorporates the admission of California and the erection of new ter ritorial governments into one bill, the principle of which is the admission of California with her present constitution and limits, and the organization of ter ritorial governments for the remaining territory without the Wilmot Proviso. The committee was then addressed by Mr. Rich ardson, of Illinois, and Marshall, of Kentucky. At the conclusion of Mr. Marshall's remarks, the com mittee rose, and the House adjourned. Thursday, April 4. senate. The Vice President announced from the Chair the following Senators as the Committee on the part of the Senate to attend the remains of the Hon. John C. Calhoun to his native State : Mr. Mason, Mr. Da vis of Mississippi, Mr. Berrien, Mr. Webster, Mr. Dickinson, and Mr. Dodge of Iowa. Mr. Atchison was appointed to fill the vacancy in the Committee on Foreign Relation, left vacant by Mr. Benton havinjr been excused from servinir. Memorials and reports from Committees were re ceived. The Senate took up the ioint resolution in- troduced by the Committee upon Public Printing. The resolution provides for releasing the present con tractors from their engagements, and giving the printing to two offices, to be paid at a certain stipu lated rate, which will be about 30 per cent, higher than that paid under the present contract. It seems that at the present prices the contractors are unable to do the printing at the proper time and in the pro per manner, hence the contemplated change. After considerable discussion, the whole subject was post poned until the next day. Mr. Foote's resolution for raising a Select Commit tee next came up, and a discussion arose between Mr. Webster and Mr. Foote, the former contending that California should first be admitted, and then the Territories should be attended to afterwards. Mr. Foote contended that in order to obtain a settle ment ot the question, the bill for the Territories should be taken up first, because it was apparent that California would be admitted at any rate, but it was far from certain that governments would be given to me -territories, without the proviso. Once admit California, and her friends, having obtained their end, would care but little about the fate of the other bill. Mr. Shields having obtained the floor for the next day, the Senate adjourned. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. The Speaker announced the following members as composing the Committee ordered yesterday to be appointed, on the request of the Secretary of War, for an investigation into his conduct in relation to the claim of the representatives of George Galphin : Mr Burt of South Carolina ; Mr. Grinnell of Massachu setts ; Mr. Fcatherston of Mississippi ; Mr. Gentry of Tennessee ; Mr. Disney of Ohio ; Mr. King of New Jersey ; Mr. McLanahan of Pennsylvania ; Mr. Con rad of Louisiana ; and Mr. Jackson of Georgia. Mr. Strong, from the Committee on Elections, re ported against the admission of Hugh N. Smith and a 1 ? -xi-r ... Almond vv . babbit, as delegates from New Mexico and Deseret, respectively. inc House then resumed the hemp discussion which was participated in by Messrs. Stanton o Tennessee, Stanton of Kentucky, Bowlin of Missouri and others. un motion ot Mr. Richardson, the House resolved itself into Committee of the Whole on the state o the Union, and resumed the consideration of theCal ifornia question. Mr. Green, of Missouri, obtained the floor and ad dressed the Committee on the slavery question, and against the present admission of California. Mr. fcpalding followed m a speech in favor of the admission of Californa, and in defence of the admin istration. Mr. S. havinp: concluded, tho z.,: a " v vvuiiuitttc rose, and the House adjourned. Friday, April 5. SENATE. The Senate took up Mr. Foote's resolution to raise a select committee of thirteen, to whom should be referred the various projects for the settlement of the slavery question. Mr. Foote being entitled to the floorr yielded it to Mr. Shields, who addressed the Senate upon the sub- ject under consideration: He would TOtc ior me bill for the recapture of fugitive slaves, ior me .m- mission of slave States from Texas; m accordance with the" treaty of annexation, but would obey the instructions of the Legislature of his State in voting for the application of the Wilmot Proviso to the ter-s ritories, and for the admission of California. Mr. Underwood asked what was the immediate question before the Senate? The Vice President stated it to be the amendment offered by Mr. Bald win, excepting the question of admitting California from such reference. Mr. Underwood then said he hoped the committee would be raised, and all the pending questions referred to it without any such exception on behalf of California. Mr. Butler strongly urged the consideration of the other measures pari passu with that for the admis sion of California. He deprecated the passage of the California bill as a separate measure. Mr. Clay avowed himself in favor of Mr. Foote's motion for a committee. He thought it might do good, and it could not do harm. He was also in fa vor of the admission of California, and at the begin ning of the session, he should have urged the meas ure of her admission separate from all others, but experience had since convinced him that that meas ure would be opposed, and probably defeated, if so urged ; and that the readiest way to secure the ad mission of California, would be by coupling it with the bill for the organization of the territories. He thousrht it could be no disrespect to California, to CD A make this disposition of the matter. She was still only a Territory, and would be so until admitted as a State ; and could claim no precedence over her sis ter territories of Utah and New Mexico. Besides, the coupling of these measures might subserve much more important end than even the admission of California. It misht effect a settlement of the vexed questions which now agitate the country. He would, therefore, vote for no amendment which, in case a committee should be raised, wrould tie the hands of that committee upon one of the most im portant branches of the subject. Mr. Benton made some observations in favor of excepting California from the reference to the pro posed committee ; but before he had proceeded far, the Senate, on motion, adjourned. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. In the House the day was occupied in the consid eration of private claims, and some dozen bills passed for the relief of sundry persons, but nothing done of any interest to the public. Monday, April 8. SENATE. The motion of Mr. Foote to refer Mr. Bell s reso lutions to a Select Committee was taken up, the question . being on the amendment moved by Mr. Baldwin, to except the subject of California from the reference. Mr. Benton concluded his remarks in favor of the admission of California as a separate measure, and irrespective of any other question. He thought coupling California in the same bill with the Terri tories, was treating that State with disrespect. Mr. Clay spoke in favor of conciliation and com promise. He ridiculed the idea put forth by Mr. Benton, that the honor of the State of California re quired that she should be considered by herself. She was the middle sister of New Mexico and Utah, and need not now, after making a runaway match, " cock up her nose " at being put in their company in one and the same bill. Neither was she a State now. She is no more than a territory, just like her older sister New Mexico, or her younger sister Utah, and no more, State. Mr. Cass spoke of the California measure as a fore- gone conclusion, lie wished the settlement ot the other questions Mr fornia bill. Mr. Smith, of Connecticut, spoke in favor of the non-action policy of the administration ; said he should vote for the proviso if attached, and then vote against one and all territorial bills. He let the cat completely out of the bag, and his speech will do much towards uniting the two bills of Mr. Douglass into one. He has eiven the Senate" sufficient ' cause o suspect his motives. Mr. Foote spoke against the non-action policy as contemptible, and the champions and advocates o: the administration, who had spoken for the adminis tration, and advised the non-action policy. He re ferred to Mr. Smith's views of this subject. The Vice President called Mr. Foote to order, say ing that it was not in order to say that a Senator was a champion of the administration. Mr. Foote did not deem it criminal, in any one, to support the administration. It was not uttered as reproach by him. He moved the postponement o the question, on account of the ahsenen Senators. Motion carried, and the Senate ndinnm! HOUSE OE REPRESENTATIVES Mr. Thompson, from the Committee on the Judi ciary, reported a joint resolution to provide for taking the census. Read twice and made the sneeial ordor for Thursday On motion of Mr. Bayly, the rules were suspend ed and the House resolved into committee of the whole, (Mr. Boyd in the Chair) and resumed the consideration of the California question Mr. W allace, of S. C, being entitled to the floor. occupied it during an hour. He was followed by Mr. J. L. Johnson, of Tenn., when Mr. Harris, of the same State, obtained the floor, but yielded it to a motion that the committee rise. The committee rose, when Mr. Potter, from the committee on the post-office and post-roads, reported a bill for the relief of the Wilmington and Raleigh Railroad Company, which was read twice and referred to the committee of the whole. The House then adjourned. For tli. T. .uv.. Meeting in Onglow c At a meeting of the Democratic party county, held at the Court-House in Jaelf H the 1st day of April, 1850, on motion oMS Cox, the meeting was organized by calli Averitt to the Chair, and Jasper Et JcHU James H. Filyaw being requested to act1 N taries. ' as The object of the meeting was exruY Chairman in a very appropriate nd.i.. . 7 (L On motion, the Chair was requested t Committefi nf five tn draft, resnln -wuus e3. the objects of the meeting. The Comm;tK for a short time, and returned and repose lowing preamble and resolutions : 6 c k Whereas, It ia the custom of the Daw,. meet in Convent ion and consult as to the bet arJ ti untry ; and whereas, unanimity of action is 4 n only be obtained through such Convent ior vlrae au ''lit, CO can 1 Resolved, That this meeting approve of t to hold a State Convention for the purpose of tauuiuaiv ivi uui 11 livi , auu t vCOIIlulCnu 1 aleii 11 .1 Vile tVlnoe. and concur with our TlA,rv-4- . 0 S v , . wvn.iiiUc oreth . . . . ill . i . . t. r - "i '1 berland, that the 15th day of May is a suitable t 2. Resolved, That the Chairman he anthori T'" two delegates from each Captain's District t ,0 & County in said Convention. ' rcrrtit 3. Resolved, That the Democracy of Oinuw l confidence in the wisdom and patriotomcf tie vention, and pledge themselves to tee all 1101100' C" secure the election f the nominee. ' e ""mfc 4. Resolved, That we re-assert our firy, a(n old and tried principles of the Democrats . 'ot principles of the Democrats hth which have stood the test of time, and guf(fej , ""fo its present unexampled prosperity. CWlMTl In compliance with the second t .. man appointed the folWm luon, tin u-iiainiiaii appuimeu tue ioiiownrr 0-i, 1 i gates to attend the State Convention 2-sie!l M. L. F. Redd, JasephEnnett,EVA;;f-T'J: Jarman, Gardner Shepard, Stephen Dorm V H. Rhodes. Hill W. House. HarvPv iS - - -1 J " 1. VV . nnt pnrey. is. iu. warry, itooert nite, CD Far i T A. Costin, J. H. Foy, Wm. J. Gibson, ThwYu? land, E. W. Sanders, E. W. Fonville, and u vuini Hurst On motion of Edwar W. Sanders, the Cha' until the action of Congress shall make her Douglass urged the consideration of the Call- a Correspondence of the Commercial Advertiser. Steamship Cherokee, April 4, 1850. Boundary like between the United States and Mexico. The commissioners for runnig the boundary line between the United States and Mexico had a meeting on the 15th of February, at San Diego, when it was determind that, as it was impraticable, uumig uie present state ot things in California, to ao-vance beyond the mouth of the Gila, towards New Mexico, and nothing of importance remained to be uoue on mat siue oi tne line, the commission should adjourn to meet at Passodel Norte on the 4th of No vember next. Col. Weller was a passenger in the last trip of the Oregon to ban Francisco, and General Condc and suite were also passengers in her to San Bias on her trip down. The most amicable feeling had continued to exist between the commissioners, and letters expressive of such had passed after the adjournment Havana a Refuge for Fugitives from Justice. Mr Oates who went out to Havana in quest of Bul loch the absconding cashier of the Central Railroad Bank, has returned to Savannah, without havino discovered any traces of him. The Savannah llc publican, in noticing Mr. Oates' return, says Mr. Oates informs us that there is any number of fugitives from justice at Havana, who stalk about the streets and public places as independently as if they had never violated of the laws of their country Of this class, is a Mrs." Simpson, about 18 years of age, who is charged with pofoming her husband somewhere m North Carolina, and a Mr Career who was charged with robbing hn n fi artcr' and Secretaries were added to the list Resolved, That this meeting recommend to the of Onslow the propriety of holding District Convemi. nominate suitable persons to represent them in a Concur veniion, 10 De neiu ai me ouri-xiouse in J acksonrilk Tuesday of Court week, in June next, to nominate sjiu persons to represent them in the next General Assemy North Carolina. On motion, Resolved, That these proceedings be piiLTished in tEt mington Journal and North Carolinian, and all olbei cratic papers tha t feci friendly to the cause of Democracy The meeting then adjourned. JOHN A. AVEKITT. ChD. Jasper Etiieridge, ) c , . James H. Filyaw, j ancs. From California. A letter to the Newark Daily Advertiser, datf San Francisco, March 1st. says Laborers get six dollars a day. and found, and dollar an hour lor night work. Sabbath khvr double. We have been paying men on board om steamer (the Unicorn,) 5 a day, fouuJ. and constant employment. Were it a little later in th ae&swi and a good time for digging, you 'wwM scmcoAv ir a man for less than $200 a month. Metavcs aL tradesmen are getting from $12 to $lo a. day, ml ound. We had a lot of caulkers at work, and i the boss $10 and each of the others $14 a dav, as; they keep very fashionable hours. There is gowl ployment for house carpenters and painters, as tp many new bui-klings arc m progress, and the are $14 a day I Clothing is not cheap, eicent n ouy it at auction, i pam ten uonars lor a pair uf boots that $2,50 would buy in the States. The largest gold lump I have as yet seen. wtrM 25 pounds, six of which were quartz. It wasvaiW at about $5,000. The man had "more of rhe k sort," only not quite so large. But where jvu M one man digging his two and three ounce a dm you will find two hundred merely paying nims, tor living is high at the mines. Two young men took out of one pocket, on tk Tuolumne, in as little time as it takes to relate it two and a half pints of pure gold dust. Kich diggings have been lounu high, up on u Tuolumne and Stanislaus, and excitement is so pei that small parties are from time to time moving! by night that their trail may not be followed. Attempts have been made both horc and at k Jose to organize the Whig and Democratic parw and committees have been appointed to pubh dresses. But party politics are below parin Califr nia. The people go Jbr pelf and pleasure here. E the way, Washington's Birtliday"rTa3 been famon;' celebrated. At the seat of Government Gen. Greet the famous leader of the Mier expedition and & political opponent of Gen. Houston, and who i member ot the California Senate, gave a BalUliA was attended by Gov. Burnett, the otherpublitf tionaries, and the fashion of the place. Here tV California Guards, a new Company, paraded as: had a supper. Our markets are well supplied. Provision aa: lumber are abundant and prices arc fulling. Li,jUuP and tobacco are litt.ern.llv drills. Houses W hmit are of slow sale. Large supplies of ever Wng marketable are coming in daily. From Oregon. Our files of the Oreo-on Snectatorare to the nnomi,, .rvv.i. lofiP ffi.m our previous vices. The paper of the latest dates publishes somcf ticulars of a freshet on the Willamette river. o sioned by the melting snow, by which much Already have we learned that thenft"'" ber at Clackamus city have been swopu:- , not less than $75,000. Some damage to ready done to the works about the Oregon ciW " and they are yet exposed to great danger. ' ter is now falling. We fear, however, that -only the beginning of evil tidings. v The citizens of Portland, on the Willaniwj below the falls, have despatched an apent to States, with the means for the purchase of steamer, to ply between that place and n CISCO. . , i: The Spectator says that the bar of the lj river has been passed during the year by w hundred and htty vessels, only one oIvl" any damage, and the injury in that case vou been avoided it any ot the ordinary ni''' 0 placed there to indicate the channel. Proper .j ed and buoyed, the entrance of the riv doubt be comparatively safe. ,-tvetf' ine neaitn ot uregon city, during i: is said has been excellent. The Spcct . $ we have not known any person to be ser'J of any disease for months past. ji A female seminary has been incorpoty Legislature, to be located in Oregon city- ,.r Aberkethy appointed by the trustees procure, wnue in me uniieu ciun other ments, school apparatus, and whatcm u tT. may be necessary to furnish it in the "; Army in Oregon signed a memorial to resenting that in consequence of the enor -v ot provisions, &c. in that section in - ir woo :wW..,orrt in their li . r--, , 1 , - asking for " such pay and allowances . j; them a comfortable living. ' me t,'"hcgriff' receiving his pay in kind, does not feel so much; but the memorialists cFrC?t0ftl) vates also, and thus diminish the temp1 sert. Governor Lane and Jons 31 c5f Governor of the Hudson's Bay towi similar opinions. nurr.ov riTV PRTCES, ' ... ft . Tim' Flour, per bbl, 23 ; oaU, lr bushel, , bushel, 2 50 a $3 50 ; beets, per buslu l, r qt el, $3 ; egg9, per dozen, 75 cent n $U rf " V F""".J 1'- "" . ...mar. h.J i i . i cents : sujrar. Drown, ier itouim, , i' i is . tut I'l'iii"-: 1 1 -J (,,ni"" . ..HI. 40 , - - - , J - I "7 7 X 1 1 ' o i....n .linnerl'li" liiuiip. rt l uiiacii. ni . l inn in' m - - common tea cups, per dozen. 3 a $-3 ; CI.,UV . ix '''"'W per dozen, $4 50; common knives tt"V'"rrfi' Jo. 'J' V' Britannia spoons, (large) per dozen, ? ,r,,:iir'1 V per dozen, $1 50 : coarse boots, (stoga) P 3; 'J shous, per pair, ti ; uoiiiexuc."1, v j.,j)or. ter's labor, per day, $10; common day 'ctc frock coat, (uniform) $30 ; frock cont, tJ. jc $65 ; making pantaloons, 10; do. washing, per dozen, $3.