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TflE WILMINGTON JOURNAL. WILMISGTOV, X. C, FRIDAY, OCT. 84,1851. . " Bfotlee Extraordinary To our Patron. , Next week, being the session of our Superior Court, will fford our friends from the country an opportunity to Bettle with us in person, or if not in attendance to send the amount by some person who will be. We do not like to dun, and seldom do it, but our expenses hare recently been very hea Ty, and we have urgent demand for money. "We hope that our call will be responded to. Mr. Trice of this office, will be at Clinton, Sampson coun ty, during the session of the Superior Court for that county, week after next, and will be happy to meet all our friends, with or without money, but would like to get all the money he can. We need it. ." Snmmarr of the Wek. We have seldom, if ever, seen more strangers in Wilmington than during the past and present week. The meeting of the Baptist Convention may account for a part of the crowd, but only a part. The Thea tre and the Opera being in full blast, may also have contributed to give an appearance of life and bustle to our streets. At any rate there is such bustle, and we like to see it. If, as has been observed, and we believe truly, the advertising columns of a business Hio Trade of this Place. Every thinking man wiHagree with us in the asser tion that tlie trade of this place must be considerably changed and modified, and that soon, if we would rise to that importance to which we are justly enti tled, or even retain our present prosperity. From the very nature of things, oar present trade in tim ber, lumber and naval stores, cannot be very much in creased, and must eventually fall off largely, if itdoes not cease altogether. We know that the coumtry in the neighborhood of available water-courses is rapid ly becoming cleared of timber, and that in faet eve ry raft which is brought down diminishes to some extent the stock of the article npon which the trade is based. The process of diminution is slower in the case of naval stores, but it is equally sure ; nay, the very prosperity of the country, by increasing the pop ulation, and consequently the amount of eleared land must gradually eat into any business founded main ly upon the products of the Forest. This result is as certain as the operation of natural laws. The questions then arise, how this prospective vacuum is to be supplied, and what is to be its effect. Fortunately for Wilmington, these questions are easily answered. The coal from the Deep River, the cotton and other commodities which the Manchester Road will certainly bring from South Carolina, and the increased amount of agricultural produce from fu v.h.tI1i nburrer and Onmlrei. ' I imore. 20. The Eclinse haa arrived with 1atr intelligence from Rio- Janeiro. The e nna in lue vuserver ui iue ioi a uiwi iuui i j- ---7 - - r - -- , . , , . steamship dusquenanna, oaa compieieu er repairs, and was abort to sail for the East Indies via the Cape t , 1 ce j e il. v.. I paper are looseu a uo.uS . ol thJ ;Qna wUq wHch t . &fford ftn siness character of a place, we think that VMlmmg- easy and pleasant BolutJon of both effect ton will not suffer in that respect by an. examination g()od m take c0Qnty of dg ot tne aqverusing columns 01 jourimi, uiu combe fjp ftn illastration Some gince land and weekly; and this is still more honorable to our that county was denreciatino- in value. The naval m X o ; people when we recollect that a large portion of our business men are whigs, while we are known to be moderate and respectful, but still steadfast and un compromising Democrats, avowing our opinions open ly without concealment or evasion. The excitement or interest attendant upon the elections in Pennsylvania, Ohio and South Carolina, is nearly over. The smoke of battle has cleared off, and we are enabled to count the killed and wound ed.' Among the killed, we may fairly place John ston of Pennsylvania. lie is as dead as a door nail, politically. So is Barnwell Rhett, of South Carolina. Mr. Rhett ought to resign his seat in the U. S. Sen store business was going down so was that in tim ber and lumber. Now, these branches of business are comparatively unimportant, yet the county is rich and growing richer," by the introduction of an improved system of farming. It sells largely of cot ton, pork, etc., and requires very little which it does produce within its own borders. Such must event ually be the course of most of the counties in the Capo Fear region, which will thus support a denser population, and be less dependent upon the north and west for a portion, at least, of its food. But no sudden transition need be feared or expect ed. The Manchester Road will bring within reach titudi nous and unabridged series of articles devoted to the special and solemn objurga'.ion of the Wilmington Journal, " and sncb like unscrupulous papers.'.. Po litical controversy is not, we fear, our forte ; at any rate we are of a quiet and conciliatory character so long as we are let alone, but somehow or other it appears to as that every now and then we ' must strike pretty close heme, else we would be at a loss to conceive why our up-river cotemporary should endtf&vor to represent us as being such a rantankerageous, "; unscrupulous,' and hyperbolical M loeofoco." We must certainly have tickled him under his political short ribs and he can't get over it, which is unfortunate. The first article of the Observer to which we refer, is in the first editorial column f that paper and is headed "Ohio Election," in which the Washington Union and the " Wilmington Journal, and such like unscrupulous papers, are censured for rejoicing at the election of Wood, the democratic candidate for Gov ernor in that State, and also for asserting that the northern whigs are more hostile, and the northern de mocrats more friendly to the souths. We do not often copy from the Union, but its answer to the Republic, in this case, is so complete that we subjoin and adopt it as ours, without adding another word:" The Ohio Election. The New York Journal of Com merce (a democratic purer) admits that Reuben Wood, the Governor elect, is tainted with free soilism; and yet the Uni on of this city calls the despatch announcing tne fact of his election by ten thousand majority ' glorious news from Ohio." Kepublte of yesttraay. Of course we do, and for good reasons 1st. Because he has defeated the whigs of Ohio, moat of whom are not only taint td, but arc abolitionists and fre soilers dyed in the wool, and hare gone into this canvass on a free-soil or abolition issue. 2d. Because the free-soil convention has formally denounc ed the adherence of Senator Chase to the democratic party at thin time as " injurious to the cause of freedom. 3d. Because the democrats aro now on the platform on which they carried the State for Gen. Cass in 1848. , 4th. Because, in the last legislature, the whigs of Ohio voted, thirty-six to ten, for the immediate repeal of the fu- on through travel, the whole of the rest has been on way travel and freight. This is a peculiarly flattering omen for the permanent prosperity of the Road. The low state of the river and its tributaries pre- ate, as it is evident that in his extreme disunion views f markefc a , amount of yi in Turpentine land ne aoes not represent u u,; uu ueciureu in Columba3 and Bladen counties, and perhaps some against immediate anu seperiue secession oy a major- mi . Robeson, which have heretofore had no outlet. . i 1 1 il 3 1 I ity ot eigni mousanu voies. tosavnothinroftheborderinirDistrictsofMarionand Perhaps the most important, certainly the most ijorrv : and as thi s land becomes cleared of its trees pleasing item to the people of this town and section, ifc . . cultivated :n cotton as we learn that manv is the announcement of a dividend by the Directors of - t- c,.. Carolina nlanters nronounce much of me vwimuigiou h.hx xv.hC.Su excellent for that purpose, and indicate ana oniy uau noau iiviueim eer u ... disposition to go into the culture upon it. The Deep Mate, t-onncctca wnn ine increaseu income w ine R. imDrovement will also brine a laree tract of road during the past year, tnere is one circumstance timber land into market Bome of it excellent for ma .... . A il . . . 1 I whicti is well wortny ot note, ur me aggregate in- k; turoentine, acd 80me for eettine staves. It is crease, which has been between thirty and forty therefore piain t)at although no very great increase thousand dollars, only about two thousand has been can take lace in our Dresent bns;ne88 founded uDon a a tr the products of the forest, no sudden diminution or stoppage need be expected, but rather the reverse for a considerable length of time. Still the fact is un deniable that it must eventually fall off heavily, and that we must be rrenared for the chance. That our vents tho arrival of produce to any great extent, and u must be trimmed to meet the comi tmde wwi business is stagnant in consequence. By the way, one , . , . d.st;ncd How reTman-ntv from lnft r- . 1 r1 Ml 11 J A i-l, I r circumstance nas iorcioiy caueu ouraueunuu w.c . f andcoai A m;n;on tons of r,al. and recent increase of trade between Y nuaaeipnia ana . . t RAVAntv thousand KiIas of r-otton ror nnnm this port. We allude to the price of Coal. Two or , reasonably well the loss of some Naval . .-i i t a l 1 1 I rr lUree years since tuis article was orougnoui, on oai- gtoreg and Lumber last or for a nominal freight, as vessels otherwise would have to come empty. We learn that such is not now the case, the shipments of goods being sufficient to supply outward freights, and consequent ly Coal is no longer brought on ballast. Our trade with Baltimore has increased amazingly, being now . about as great as that with New York. The sudden change in temperature from the sum mer-like weather which has prevailed for some time past, to the chilling atmosphere of to-day, reminds us very forcibly of the near approach of winter. " The melancholy days'' of Autumn are indeed come, and the woods begin to assume that gorgeous varie ty of coloring characteristic of the season of falling leaves and fading flowers, when the face of nature, like the cheek of a consumptive beauty, flushes with a last hectic glow e'er it fades forever ; more lovely in decay and helplessness, than in the fullest pride of life or the brightest summer-tide of existence. of Good -doe. . . x A dispatri from Auburn states that the -parties en gaged in thj Syracuse outrage have been held to bail on the cbaifee of misdemeanor. Their trial is to take place at Buffalo on the 11th November. The post office at Hudson, N. Y., has been broken into and robbed of letters. . ' " i-"1 ; Baltimore, Oct. 20. The steamship Albatross from Charleston for Phil adelphia, put into Norfolk, Va., yesterday., Sunday, for coal. She reports that she experienced a severe gale on Saturday. All well on board. Tel. Cor. Charleston Courier., L v. Charleston. Oct. 18. The South Carolina. Election. Two-thirds of the State baa been heard from, and gives the oopera- tionists a, majority of 7,129. Rhett and Duncan are the only two secessionists elected to the southern Congress, and they by a close vote. . : - . Cincinnati, Oct. 17. Ohio Election. We have sufficient returns from the late election in Ohio to show that the democrats have elected thein..Governor by about 20,000 majo rity. Official returns have been received from all ft U V VUU tCCU. WU 11 If ICO J 1IU ua wa unu m m majority in the Legislature. The Senate stands 24 democrats to 8 whigs, and two districts to hear from, one of Iwhich will probably elect a free soiler and the other a democrat. The House stands 59 demo crats, 21 whigs,. and 2. free soilers, with 11 districts to heat from.. Mobile; Oct. .181.45, P. M. The steamship Bro ther Jonathan, bound to New York, putintothis port to-day; for coal. She brings 128 passengers, San Francisco dates to 'the 14th ult , and Chagres to the 14th inst- -Tbe- Yigilance Committee of San Fran cisco have resigned their, functions in favor of the authorities. The election is yet doubtful. The chances are in favor of Bieler, Heydenfeldt will probably be elected Judge of the Supreme Court. Tbe'mail steamer Caroline when between Panama and San Francisco on her last trip sprung a leak and put into Acapulco, where she has been condemned. 'important from the Cape of Good Hopf. The sb in Spring Bok, at Boston, from the Cane of gitlve law, and the democrats of the same boc, in their ma- Good Hope, brings intelligence from that colony to jority, voted against that proposition. eeptemDer on, Demg aa aays later, lneprospecc This is No. 1 of the series. - sjair oi a lerraination or tne sanguinary strug- ... i gieiceiween me colonists ana ine uriiisri rorces. a Last week, withool si all endors.ng the whole coarse consp;racy &mone the Hottentots and Caffirs on the of the New York democracy, we took occasion in an frontier to rise and murder the English had been dis- article headed "Our Natural Allies," to reply to and covered and trustrated. , . - . , . , ' fell Henry smith, tne tnelisu trovernor, was in ntirb expose what we considered an ungenerous attack up- gpirit9 &t thj more faTorsbie PropeoU, and said he would on them bv the Observer, that paper quoting the New conclude no treaty of peace short of the unconditional sur- , J , . J . , .. render Sf the Caffirs. York Express a authority. The whole matter in Th venerable John rhillips, superintendent of the Lon- queetion was, that a democratic county convention dorTmtaions in Juth Africa died on the 27th August. 1 . ; . r ' Notwithstanding the prospects of peace, the papers are neia in jamany uan, new xora, uau iiu mi iue .n-tstin aiea witn the details of a dreadnu guerilla warfare ble certain resolutions offered by a Mr. Wheeler, of the 15th Ward of that city. The fact is admitted. .It is also admitted that some of the resolutions were ve ry excellent, but it is equally certain that several of them denounced in express words the candidates of whichhas reduced the country in some places to a desert of ashes Men are murdered on tbe high roads, and flocks and herds are stolen by thousands." ' -Great Excite. The Syracuse Slave HtKBe Trial i '; naent f Auburn, N. Y., Oct. 17. The examination of the cases of Ira H. Cobb, J. Moses, editor of the Stan- party throughout the Slate as well as the whole organ- daH, Stephen Porter, A. Dutoher, Amos Davis, all izat'ron of that party. It is also certain that the State whites, and a colored man named Brown, charged convention at Syracuse, had already passed resolutions WR P"icipanon m tne not on tne ist m ucro . 1 j l ucit iu inuiiiti iuy rtiicov it if in wit; uiuvciq ui tuc - approving me compromise anu oerrecannK agiiaiion ; Sut Government of a fugitive slave named Jerrv. jn fact covering the whole ground proposed to be cov- at Syracuse, is progressing here, but nothing has ered by Mr. Wheeler's resolutions. The New York yet transpired to indicate what the result will be. countv convention wa a nolitical bodv.actinr in com- rhej were brought down on Wednessday from y munir.n with and subordination to the State conven raeuse to be examined here. JWe are pleased to learn that Mr. Morrison, the gentleman who was wounded in the affray at Aquia Creek, with Mr. J. L. Cantwell, is likely to recover. We have not the particulars of the affair. Jewelry. Mr. Ives1 advertisement will be found in another column, and is worthy of attention, as we believe Mr. Ives will be worthy of encouragement. Give him a call. Thanksgiving Day. His Excellency, Gov. Reid of this State, has issued his proclamation setting apart the 27th day of No vember as a day of public and solemn thanksgiving, and recommending its observance in a proper and becoming manner Trouble at Sniltnvllle We learn that on Saturday last a street fight took With a mournful presentiment of our own inevitable r r j rtftKtinr ihA hnmftn mind claims athnitv 'with (lftsola-1 0 1 1 wil Af a r 1r -xrrn eh To nffniw wn a oov'IaiI iaaiaa Vitn t inn o nH HonnTj thft rnmpf! hpfirth ftna ihA fallen r j roof-tree awake emotions far stronger and more en- J b n,. , , i iu i. i 1 1. ... t occurred between James Mathis, of this place, and a dnrinir than inn hTKrhtpsr. ecpnPA ot tstivirv Ann ' r ' . .,D , .. . f. . .v v. x. i t. - soldier, in which the soldier got severely stabbed Tn-.rth- nnn it mnv h that thfi hcftrt find thfi fp.ftlinffSI ' & J 7 - - j - - o i XJ. . :,i a A. tt 1 e r. n 1A li 1 CA A, nio inc vuusiucicu m uiuitci. iuviti chui o iui&s ivuuiu iiijj'i;! iun"ci uiuuini iue uuiuuicu vuLiaiic vi l i .Ti 3 . , ,, , are getting severely handled. nn ovinrpfl nprisnnt nf Irplnnn. than ftmin rhn -nrnnn- est aisles of the Crystal Palace of London, while the busy imagination would paint the scenes of humble I happiness or touching woe wlich that roof had shel- There is srreat excitement both here and at Svra tion, and certainly wa not expected to go behind the cuse ani the court house is crowded to overflowing. record in matters already passed upon, still less to District attorney Lawrence, under instructions from j: , ,i .v. I Washington, insists on their full committal on the CC11I VIIVII m UlllVl V. V I re? UIU " iiiiuuibuuii u arwia v. whole democracy of the State. As we observed be ore, the convention might fairly lay the resolutions upon the table without inturring the imputation ei hostility to their principles, As for our concealments and " benighted" readers, and all that, we pass it over, at least our part of it. Our readers who are so highly complimented, may do as they please: The joke about our calling Mr. Wheeler a whig because he is 'a friend to the outh' is very good, and shows that the Observer is getting jol ly and amusing, especially as the scene is laid in N. York, where Seward is the idol and Greely the pro phet of the whig party. This is No. 2 of the series. Arrival of tbe Illinois. The steamship Illinois, from Chagres, arrived at New York on . the 18th inst., with two millions of tered, or turn to the homeless outcasts exposed to gld dust' 374 passengers, and San Francisco dates the bleak winds of autumn or the chilling frosts of to tbe 15th September. The Tanama Railroad was winter. Childhood and old age-man in his strength progressing tavorabiy. Among the passengers on and woman in her loveliness would rise up to give a human interest to the humblest scene, which the richest fabrics of the loom or the most elaborate or naments of the architect could not impart to the proudest. " Wc have decidedly put our foot into it. We have board the Illinois are seven persons who have made each one hundred thousand dollars at the mines. The election was not yet definitely settled, but the chances were in favor of the democrats. charge of high treason. There are still a nnmber of warrants out for the arrest of other accused parties Shocking Harder, The Rev. Robert McNabb, of Carthage, Moore coun ty, N. C, was cruelly murdered on t riday night last, in his bwn yard. . We learn verbally, that a neighbor sat with him till 9 o'clock in the evening, after which Mr. McNabb took his pipe and went into the garden to smoke before retiring for the night. ;: He did not re turn, and his body was not found till tne following morning at 10 o'clock, when, by following up the marks of blood from the garden, it was discovered in the woods, some 250 yards distant, horribly gashed the head nearly severed from the body, with deep wounds in the side. 1 hree of his own negroes were arrested, of whom two men are now in jail, without In No. 3, the Observer indignantly denies that it has any positive teslimony against them ; but some suspi- repudiated the defence of Johnston. Good ! stick ty c,ous circumstances, sum as mat a long Knue ana I nnmA ulntnimv Irnnirn 1 r halnnff tn nna sir (nam onnft your friends in adversity. . f d It cur,nos.j ,nat the obiect of the mur- In No 4, which will he found on the fourfch column der was robbery, as Mr McNabb was known to have of the Editorial page, and is headed " A Distinction had about $100 in his pocket, which has not been without a difference," the Observer politely requests iouni.Fayetteville Observer. 2st inst. us to " invent a more plausible story," than the exact The Democrats and Freesoilers of Massachusetts truth. We beg leave to decline. In the matter of held a convention at Dedham, at wlmh some very ex- .., . . , . , traoramary proceeuings occurreu. i ne oui nne ciemo- VYHmot and H.gler in Pennsylvania, all we know , d w an(3 adopted, among themselves, resolu- about it is, that the resolutions of the Democratic Con- j tions approving of the compromise measures of Con vention were very explicit and unexceptionable uponlgress, and declaring u a violation oi me onsmmion io inieriere wmi me fugitive oihvc iw. iiiih iiwve- the slavery question, and that Bigler adopted them as his platform and enforced them in his Speeches. If therefore Wilmot came into his support that is Wil mot's business, not ours. Those in Wilmot's conn dence, as the Observer seems to be, may " invent some more plausible story." We like the truth. We believe that we have gone over the most of the series, and where we could ment, of course, aroused the indignation of the aboli tion portion of the convention, and a Tegular rumpus ensued between the two parties. The national demo crats say that they will never coalesce with the free soilers. Let them stick to this determination, and they will reap great honor, though they should receive no immediate profits. have replied to it. We owe an apology to our rea ders for so much politics at a time of no excitement, but when bit we must hit hack again. Hon. Bedford Brown, ex-U. S. Senator from North find a tangible point we Carolina, has been, for some days past, a visitor at the Merchant's Hotel, and takes much interest in no litical matters in Pennsylvania. His speech at the great monster Democratic meeting, on the night before appeal, and was greeted with loud applause. We re- gret .that he is compelled to leave tbe city so soon, but he has remained long enough to understant the ortho- Mr. Clay's Letter. The extreme length of Mr. Clay's letter which would caught ourselves at our old tricks, running into the preclude its publication in a single number, has corn high falu ting, and thereby .hangs a tale which we pelled us to make a synopsis of it, which we have done must unfold, albeit at our own expense. Just about as accurately as possible, endeavoring to preserve the the present time there is a piece going the rounds of meaning in all cases, and where at all consistent with the papers we have already seen it in fifty cred- the required condensation using Mr. C.'s own words, ited to the Wilmington Journal, giving an account The part giving his ideas upon revolution as compared of a " Revolutionary Soldier "heaven save the w;th secession is in full, as is also the Darao-ranh 'de- mavk and forgive us our sins, and among the rest caring h to be the right and duty of the U. S. govern that piece, for it is a decided humbug. The old fellow ment to suppress insurrections or resistance to its au- got into us as slick as grease, and obtained a puff upon false pretences, and that wasn't all : ho got a dollar and half out of us. It happened in this wise. Some three or four wveks since we were sitting in our sanctum considerably bothered about many things, having but recently started our daily issue, when Dr. Freeman, in the benevolence of his heart, marched nn old one-eyed personage in and introduced him as Mr. McDonald, a revolutionary soldier, born in Wil mington one hundred and two years ago, and the aged individual having a single eye to business, did start off with bis 6tory as straight as a loon's leg, and succeeded in fooling us as nice as need be. A council of war was held and the Doctor agreeing to go one-half we went the other half on he old fel low, who was placed at the Washington Hotel, until further orders, which orders came pretty 6oon, for in a day cr so we found a screw or so loose, and stop ped the supplies ; but the t: revolutionary'" bad gone, the Lord knows where, we don't; but wherever he goes he is a 'revolutionary,' from Maine to Texas, for we wrote a big puff and it has been copied all over. Success to honest industry. It is but justice to the Doctor to say that he was fooled as bad as we were, so we hope he won't let it out on us. Those who like-something rich had better read the Royal wedding in Nicaragua. It is one of the best things of the season. We like the fellow who wrole that.. He has an eye for the beautiful. Interesting Mechanism. We noticed on Tuesday at Messrs. Brown & Ander son's Jewelry Store, a music box about 30 inches longrdox character oi our noble National Democracy. by a foot to 15 inches high, which is quite a curiosity ' ' rennsyivaman in its way, having the various parts of drum, trianglea Election Row at Santa Fe. A letter from Santa aatanta. nl a whnl- Wt f ;.,m.-i- ii re states thai at me recent election in cernaueio conn- y . w ww va M IICll UIIIV f-a Jm All v . . - . -1 tt , .. , ... . i ty in mat territory, mere nau ueeu a ngni at me pons, makes most capital music If we could buy it We 'A thrp. Americans k.lled. Hnw the row fnmmn. would, so as to attune our ear to the concord of sweet the writer adds, " I do not know, but have heard that sounds. Wonder if friend Brown don't intend making Reynolds was receiving all the votes, and the Prefect us a present of it. He ran'fc v that w h9 nm ordered out nity armed men to anve his lnends from , - j .w ...... , 1 1 ' r,, . . t . , llic uuiiff. . iiicic i.- Ricai CALiicintrill ucic. At ItMSl one hundred men will be raised to proceed to regulate TIms Biiers. ."Tthe Prefect and his minions. God knows where it knm .. i-.i.i I will end. V r o. une oi me wounaea men nas just got in. He is wounded in two places. His name is Candido Ortia" yThe Board of Internal -Improvements has appointed Owes Fensexi Esq., State Proxyi and D. K. McRak and W. C. Eettencocbt, Esq3. of New Hanover, and W. K. Lane, Esq., of Wayne, and L. H. B. Whitaxek, Esq., of Halifax, State Directors in tbe iluiington and R. R. Road. thority, whether proceeding from States or individuals. It is a part of the news of the day, and as such we have given all the views of the writer, although not always in his own exact words. Of course we cannot agree with many of Mr. C.'s views. But they are his views, and as such we have faithfully re-produced them, and every one must jndge for himself. Daguerreotypes. We call attention to the advertisement of Mr. Gu lick in another column. It will be seen that he pro poses to establish a permanent Daguerrean gallery in this place, which will he a very considerable conve mence to our resident citizens as well as to visitors from the country. The specimens of Mr. G.'s art which we have seen are very creditable to him as an operator, and are such as cannot fail to give satisfac tion to those who may favor him with their patron age- - New-Orleans. Oct. 21. Cotton has been active to-day, Tuesday, and eight thousand bales have been sold at steady prices. The steamer Mexico from Galveston reports that Wild r-1 -j v: rn i r , ,. . vnti null 1113 luuuwers nave evincea raucn aissausiac tion, and have gone towards Matamorous for the fiurpose, it is supposed, of acting against the Revo utionists under Caravajal. The steamship Empire City from Chagres is now coming up. set, vor. Jhar Courier. A negro in Boston bad a severe attack of rheumatism, which tonally settled in his foot. , He bathed it, and rubbed it, and swathed it, but all to no nurnose. Fi nally tearing away the bandages, he stuck it out, and with a shake of Ins fist over it, exclaimed : Ache away, den, old feller; ache away. I shan't do nuffin more fer yer, dis chile ken stan it as long as you ken ; so, ache away P given him a hint. Governor of Pennsylvania and the other of California, are certainly very fortunate men, haying made them selves all that they are. The 'atest news from Cali fornia is from the Alta California of the 15lh Septem ter, which a gentleman has just handed us. We make A Bcu. Fight.- Among the passsengers which ar rived at Southampton. England, from Cadiz, in the Liberia mail steamer, was a Spanish Matador or buil- the following extract showing the almost certainty oil ngnier, "1 arr,a,ai mampion ior me purpose ot n. . , . B . . vc,u,,,,7 7 proceeding from that port to bouth America, where he " cicvtiuii. c waa iue uemocrauc canaiuaie. v - has an encasement for three veara In nerform in thp rla. The Votb for Governor. By the table which we pub- diatorial exhibitions in one of the South American lish in another column, the vote for Reading is 13,641, for capitals.' The sum he is to receive for this service is tsigier 13,100, giving Beading thus far a majority of 441.' I Jt 4000. , He is a stout-built man, and appears to pos- These returns are correct as far as the figures go, though v- sess great activity and strength. During the voyage ry imperfect in some of the counties a number of precincts! he exhibited the swoiu with which he is armed when remaining to be heard from. Placer Cnunty is conceded to have given 500 majority for Bigler, and Butte 300, Shasta ! will probably give two or three hundred more, which will j place Bigler's majory at over five hundred. Unless the re turns come in strong for Reading, both North and South, Bigler is elected. . . , i 3"We learn that in a diSHculty which occurred Tuesday at Aequia Creek, Va., between Messrs. J. Cantwell and J. A. Morrison, through baggage Agents, the latter got se verely, and, it is feared, mortally cut or stabbed.' Mr. Morrison was carried onto Washington City. Mr. Cant well was lodged in Fredericksburg Jail to await an investi gation. - . . - The arrival of immigrants at New York during the ten years past aggregate 1,417,871. . Vibmxia Elections. The polls, on the adoption of the new constitution, were opened on yesterday, the 23d instant, and will remain open for three days. The election of Congressmen and members of the State Le gislature will take place at the same time, except that the polls will be closed on the first day, lfc.t unless kept open on account of bad weather. . .. The Pampero. Tbe testimony in tbe case of tbe noeis against me t ampero was iren last week in St. Augustine, before the U. S. District Court. We understand the final hearing in the ease is postponed tii lot rtAAn.i,. r j. t. - - i vu 19. ivbiui-ci . : bau uuij null bus lant boat a sale deliverance. Jacksonville Nem of 18th inst. in conflict with the savage performers of the amphi theatre. It is a heavy straight two-edged sword, about three and a half feet long, with a red hilt. To use snch a weapon effectually must require remarkable strength and dexterity. .The traveling dres3 of the Matador was rather stage-like, being 'variegated and picturesque, and quite different from that of a Spanish gentleman. He had a servant with him, a slender and effeminate looking youth, who was dressed more fan tastically and singularly than his master. Betsy Proctor hung herself at the poor bouse in this place oa Thursday morning last. There waa an incident in the history of the life of this woman worthy of record, which comes to us authentically sustained. She had been blind for ten years, and be came so, we learn, under the following circumstances: When a married woman, her husband charged her witn inconstancy to the marriage vow. hhe emphati cally denied it, & upon her knees prayed God to strike her blind, if true. Immediately after she went blind. She died by the violence of her own hands, distract ed by tne constant apprehension of the further j ad mentsof heaven. Her appearance in death indicated a higher destiny than awaited her in this world. Urea. SHeves. , , , Mexico. Late advices from New Mexico state that Caravajal was within ten miles of Matamoras witfr one thousand troops, including 400 Texan Ran gers, and one Company lately discharged from the V. a. Army. p - v , Mr. Clay'a Letter. The N. Y. Herald of Friday last, contained a let ter from Mr. Clay, dated Ashland, Oct. 3d, and addressed-to Messra. Stephen Whitney, George Gris- wold, Daniel Ulmani and others in tne city ot isew York, who bad sent him an-address, requesting him to visit ' that city and address the people upon tbe topics of the day, or as he calls it, ' the actual condition and menacing danger of our coun try."' With this request Mr. Clay declines comply ing on account of his health, which has been deli cate and still remains so, although he thinks it im proving. He says that the framers of the Compromise in the last Congress did not expect that the several measures composing it would meet tbe unanimous concurrence of all. They hoped that the great ma jority of the people of the United States would con cur in them and he thinks that such has been the result. Such he 6ays may be asserted with regard to thirteen of the slave States and. thirteen or four teen of the free. In the North the only one of the measures object ed to is that for the recovery of fugitive slaves. This law Mr. Clay insists has been generally en forced, although much opposed. He thinks that a salutary change is at work in the minds of the peo ple of the northern States. He insists upon the necessity of its maintenance and enforcement unrepealed, and without any modi fication that would seriously impair its efficiency, as necessary for the safety and peace of the country. He regrets that in the addresses and resolutions of conventions which have recently assembled at the north, the question of adherence to the Compromise is avoided or evaded. He fears that the ostentatious assertions in these resolutions of a right to discuss, modify or repeal the Fugiiive Slave Law, means neither more nor less than the assertion of a right to renew and continue the agitation against slavery. But he hopes that this may prove only a conven ient let-down from the " higher law" platform, and that it may eventually lead to a complete acquiescence in and enforcement of the law. In turning to the.', south, and the slaveholding States, he beholds but little to excite solicitude and alarm. In all those States, except three, there is ac quiescence to the terms of the Compromise and a firm attachment to the Union. In two or these three (Georgia and Mississippi.) he says that public opinion has forced the secession party to go to the polls under a new issue. They have renounced and denounced the practical right of secession, and taken shelter under the more eonvenient mask of the mere abstract right. He thinks they will be defeated up on that issue. South Carolina alone furnishes, at present, occa sion for profound regret and serious apprehension ; not so much for the security of the Union as for her own peace and prosperity, inasmuch as the two parties of secessionists and co-operationists equally agree as to the expediency of secession, and differ only in the degree of rashness or prudence which characterises them respectively. JN unification and secession have sprung from the same metaphysical school. They both agree that a single State is invested with power to nullify the laws of Congress. The one contending for the right to do it in the Union the other for the right of doing so br going out. 1 be doctrine of secession assumes that anv Ptate can go out when it pleases, under any or all circum stances, and that such going out should be peacea ble and without obstruction or the application ot any force by the other States, and so it might occur in the midst of a furious war, raging in all our borders the calamities of which the secedent might avoid and even enter into alliance with the enemy and take up arms against the United States. - It asserts this right, although it may lead, in pro cess of time, to the promiscuous dotting over, upon the surface of the territory of the United States, of petty independent nations, establishing for them selves any form of government, free or despotic, known to mankind, and interrupting the intercourse and violating or menacing the execution of the laws of the dismembered confederacy. It contends for this right, as well for Louisiana as for South Carolina, al though the province of Louisiana cost us so much money, and was nigh involving us in a foreign war: for Texas, although it occasioned us a war with Mex ico, the payment often millions of dollars to arrange its boundaries and to acquire it, many were willing to risk a war with England : and for distant Califor nia, although that was acquired by the double title of conquest and the payment cf an ample pecuniary consideration. He thinks that this doctrine finds no encourage ment or support in the Constitution or in the Articles of Confederation which formed in terms a perpetual Union. It had been alleged that the Union of the States, under the articles of confederation, was held together only by a rope of sand, but it was a rope of adamant compared with the cord which now binds us, if the right of secession is sanctioned and sustain ed. The constitution of the United States establishes a government, and like all other governments it was to be perpetual or to have unlimited duration. It makes provision expressly for the admission of new States, but no clause can be found which gives any authority or color to the right of secession of a State once admitted into the Union. The partisans of the right of secession place it upon the ground of the reservation to the States, of all powers not expressly granted to the general gov ernment, and among these is the right of secession. Mr. Clay insists that the contested power cannot be retained if its reservation be incompatible with the obligations of the constitutional compact. That the Union was intended to be perpetual and the con stitution and the laws made in pursuance of it, were to be the supreme law of the land, and that the Judges in every State shall be bound thereby, any- inmg in me constitution or laws ot any Mate to ttie contrary notwithstanding. He therefore contends that the act of secession by any State being incompatible with the express obligation of the constitutional com pact would be nugatory and an absolute nullity, and the people of that State would remain bound by the constitution, laws and treaties of the U. States, as fully and perfectly as if the act had never been proclaimed. It is contended, however, in the second rjlace. that the right of secession pertains to the States, under and in virtue ot their sovereignty. This argument aoes noi explain or aehne what that sovereignty is, nor show how one of its attributes is to disregard and violate grave compacts. He denies the sovereignty of the States in many ve ry important particulars: especially in those very par ticulars which an act of secession would render import ant Huch as foreign relations, levying duties, etc. which are prohibited by the Constitution, and which whether as incidents to the act of secession or other wise, would be rendered nugatory by the paramount aumoruy oi uie onsmuiion.ana laws ot the United States. Assuming that the constitution is a mere compact 1. -is,. . oeiween independent nations, or sovereign States, they are nevertheless bound by all the obligations which the compact creates. They are bound to abstain from all torbidden acts, and to submit to the supremacy o tne constitution and laws ol the United states. But it will be asked, have they not also the right to judge of i the fidelity with which the common government has adhered to the common compact ? Yes, most certain ly. They have ihat right, and so has every citizen of the Unired States, and so has the general government also. The alleged violation of the constitution may be exposed and denounced by all the weapons of rea son, of argument, and of ridicule; by remonstrance. proiesi, appeals to the judiciary, and to the other States: by the press, public opinion, and all legitimate means of persuading or influencing i. If, after the the employment of all orany of these peaceful methods, me government ot the United Nates, sustained by a constitutional majority of the nation, persist in main taining the obnoxious law, there is no alternative but obedience to the law, on the part of the minority, or open, undisguised, manly and forcible resistance to its execution. prevent or redress the wiongs with which tbey are menaced or under which they are snflering. ' It may aim simply at a removal of grievances, or it may seek totally to change the existing government, or to es tahlish within its limits a new government It is a right p.ot confined by the boundaries of States, (altho' being organized political bodies, they may be capable of giving greater effect to revolutionary efforts,) but it belongs to oppressed man, whatever may be his con dition. Jn all revolutions, however, there are two parties those who revolt, and the government which they forcibly resist. , There are generally two opposite opinions, also, en tertained of the cause of resistance ; that of those who rise in rebellion, believing themselves to be wronged, and that of the existing government, which denies having inflicted any oppression or injustice. It is in cumbent upon wise and considerate men, before they hastily engage in a revolution, deliberately to consider the motives and causes of revolt, and carefully to cal culate the probable consequences of forcible resistance. If unsuccessful, they know that they will be guilty of treason, and incur the penalty inflicted upon traitors. In contemplating the sketch which he has given, Mr. C. finds more, ground for encouragement than for regret or apprehension. It was not to be expected, that after being so much excited, the counlry would instantly settle down into pertect quiet and repose ; but taking all things into consideration, we have great rea son to e thankful to providence for the degree of calm ness, ot tranquility and oi satislaction which prevails. He hopes that there win be no further opposition to the constitution or laws of the United States, but that if such should occur the resistance must be put down at every hazard. f he duty of executing the laws and suppressing in surrections is without limitation or qualification ; it is co extensive with the jurisdiction of the United States, and it comprehends every species of resistance to the execution of the laws, and every form of insurrection, no matter under what auspices or sanction it is made. Individuals, public meetings. States, may resolve, as often as their tastes or passion may prompt them to resolve, that they will forcibly oppose the execution of the laws and recede from the Union. Whilst these reso lutions remain on paper, they are harmless; but the moment a daring band is raised to resist, by force, the execution of the laws, the duty of enforcing them aris es, and if the conflict which may ensue should lead to civil war, the resisting party, having begun it, will be responsible for all the consequences. J he concluding paragraphs contain simply a retro spect of the growth and a view of the prosperit of the country under the Union, as an argument for its main tenance. The alleged right of secession is.he appreh ends, some times contoended with a right of revolution. But it3 partisans mean a totally different thing. They con tend that it is a peaceful, lawful, and. if nAt rnnsiim lional remedy, that it is not forbidded by the constitu tion. They insist that it is a State nght, to be recog nized and respected ; and that, whenever exercised by a State, far from being censured or condemned, the State, if necessary, is entitled to the co-operation of other States. The prudent valor of these partisans, in imitation of the previous example of the friends of nul lification, disclaims the purpose of using themselves, and pretest against the application to them of any phy sical force. ,- --;'. The right of revolution is that right which an un justly oppressed people, threatened with, or borne down by, intolerable and insupportable tyranny and injustice, have, of resorting to forcible resistance to Spanish Dander tip Exf trmluf Ion of American. The Spanish press, since the invasion of Cuba by Lopez, has become truly terrible in its denuncia tion of ns poor Yankees! The following article, translated for the New York Sun, we give as a speci men of its threatenings ; and were it not for its infla ted furioso style, we might have our nerves considera bly agitated, and perhaps conclude that we were "gone suckers.'' From the Madrid Observer, September 19, 1S51.J We cannot for one moment withdraw our thoughts from Cuba. Spaniards as we are, lovers of the pros perity of our country, enthusiasts for the honor of our flag, always respected, and for a long time feared hu foreign nations, the thought of what is happening in one ot our ricnesi colonies, tne rememnrance oi the de predation and piracy attempted aguinst her by a neigh boring and allied nation, fires our blood, inflames our heart, excites againsi that people all the generous sen timents of wir soul. No longer is there doubt. The North American Confederation, which for a long time has coveted the possession of Cuba; which," within a year has sent her hordes of fil!ibuters, and recently has just sent some of her most villainous children to sack her. not yet satis fied with ail these acts ol vandalism ana rapacity, in tends now to consummate Iheir rising en masse against our precious A ntil'a, trampling on our arms, and at- temptrng-against the inviolability of one of our diplo matic a?ent?, under pretext of avenging the fale of some of their countryman, who have just expiated in IT .! -.1 lavaua, meir crimes, wun meir ttiooa. No longer is there doubt. The Republic of Washi ngton, breaking the law of nations, breaking the faith of tieaties, breaking all the rights of humanity and ci- . !1- ! P 1-1 t 1 -i viMzauon, oi wnicu sne Drags so mucn, aims, orazen facedly, to the possession of the Island of Cuba. The Republic of Washington does not spare any means, however barbarous, to attain her object. The Repub- ne oi vvasningion aeciares hersell openly, our enemy, after she has become such in a cowardly and rapacious manner. H'e, therefore, are obliged to declare our selves her irreconcilable enemy ! No more delays no more terms no more tolerance and prudence. The whole of Europe will applaud our conduct and sympathize with our cause : France and ngiand offer vs their aid, and the support cf their powerful navies; justice and reason stand on our side : faith encourages us; the proverbial va!or of Spaniards, help us; and, even were we alone in the struggle, without reinfercements, without aid aban doned by all the world, still we have courage enough to struggle again and again until we conquer or open lor ourselves an nonoraoie grave. Jo more delays. Ve have nothiner to exrect from the ambitious children of Washington. No satisfac tion is sufficient to wash out the insult that has been done to our nationality by the aggressions in Cuba ; and the outrage committed on our flag in the person of our Consul at New Orleans. We cannot be conlented with notes and explanations which would not restore the blood of our brethren shed in Bava Honda. The offence has been bloody, and bloody must be the rcpara- uon ana vengeance. A general cry has been raised to Spain against the savage. sympathizers of Lopez and his banditti. That cry is war and extermination.' The supreme government, let the dispositions which it may nave adopted be what they may, must hearken to tnat cry ; the Government cannot stop its ears to the popular voice, which", by the press, roars in thunder throughout the land against the infamous rabble of the United States. War, then, against that race of pirates, who aim at the dominion of the whole territory of the New World. War against these avaricious traders, who aim to snatch Cuba from us. War, Extermination, and Butchery! against those ungrateful cowards, who have traitorously endeavored to wound the generous heart ot Spain. No more tolerance ; no more doubt ; no useless vas cillations. We present to the consideration of our government the following propositions : That war be officially declared against the Repub lic of Washington. That our dipbmitic. agentsbe recalled from the Uni ted Stales. That passports be given to tbe American Ambassa dors. ' That all Spanish vessels be armed as privateers, and that letters of marque be granted to those of other na tions who desire them. That the people will rise as one man and offer to the Government the support of their resources and arms. That subscriptions be opened in our Provinces, in viting all good patriots to contribute to the augmenta tion oi an army or navy. Ihere will not be a single Spaniard, who will not bring his mite to the national treasury. j nere win not be a youth who will not rush to seize the sword in defence of the flag of Castile. There will not be a father but will be disposed to of fer his son as a sacrifice upon the altar of bis outraged counlry ! W ar, then, War against the Pirates of North Ame rica Let that degraded and spurious race soon feel ine ejjeas oj our vengeance l Phew! Come on Macduff"! We have been laughed at, says the N. Y. Sun, for our repeated assertions that England might, at no very distant day, be obliged to place herself under the protection of the United States, to save herself from her continental enemies. Now, however, we find our idea plainly expressed by leading English journals. The London Daily News, on the 25th nit., com mences a leader, anticipating the arrival of Kossuth, in the following language: "One of the most pleasing coincidences of modern times is the complete identity of feeling in the Uni ted States of America and in Great Britain on the subject of the Hungarian struggle. Tbe same hom age is paid, the same enthusiasm kindled, in those two great divisions of the Anglo-Saxon race to the noblest stand made for liberty in modern times against tyrannic powers and overwhelming force. That identity of feeling is a hopeful promise that, if the events of Europe should ever take such a course as to present a formidable absolutist league, threat ening the freedom of England of the west, this coun try may find in the generous breasts and strong arms of its American brethren that disinterested and efficient alliance and support trhich for centuries we have rain- ty sought in Lurope.