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Wilmington journal. [volume] (Wilmington, N.C.) 1844-1895, October 31, 1851, Image 2

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.VlumXiiTOS, X. C, FRIDAY, OCT. 31, 1851.
TT - - : '
Wanted immediately at this office, a bov that
can come well recommended. One who can board
-iMi li r.nrnnts in tnwn rvrpforrnri
Samtnary, etc.
Our summary this week shall be very short, for
several reasons; one, and the principal of which is,
that there are few topics of striking interest ; and
another is, that,-perhaps, this weekly summary
might.be regarded by some as merely repeating what
has been already said. Such, however, has not been
our intention or design in giving it. It has been our
wish to make it a, resume imi review of the thoughts
and opinions and occurrences of the week. A 6ort
of conversational gossip with our readers over the
past, in which, freed from the trammels of any regu
lar order or arrangement, wc might give scope to our
ideas on any and every subject, as they might arise.
Thursday has been set apart by our Superior Court
for taking np the State Docket, and consequently we
have nothing as yet to report in that way. We
learn that the Grand Jury have refused to find a bill
in the case of Bonham. charged with the mur
der of a colored boy 'some time since. The case of
the State vs. llalielt, is on trial, and will, we hope, be
disposed of at this term. ' We do not know any
other State cases of interest, unless it be one remov
ed here from Duplin, but we are not certain as to
whether it will be tried here or not. It is a strange
fact that we have never yet heard one word in praise
of our Judiciary system. " The law's delay " is the
universal topic. It is considered equivalent to a de
nial of justice. Something should be done, and must
be done, to obviate this growing difficulty. Suits are
How little how very little, mere forms of govern
ment can do towards making a people free. Look at
the nominal Republic of France, and contrast it with
the neighboring monarchy of Great Britain. In
France, the press is muzzled, and its conductors in
prison. Freedom of speech is not ; and in several of
the departments martial law has superseded the civil
authorities. In England the press speaks as boldly
as our own. and there is no censorship. The liberty
of speech and action is scarcely more restrained than
with ourselves, and military law is unknown. France,
crouching before Austria and Russia, denies the no
ble patriot Kossuth even a passage over her soil.
The ports of Great Britain are open to him, and once
there, the combined despotisms of Europe dare not
touch one hair of his head. After all, John Bull is
a right considerable old fellow, and the United States
need not be ashamed of their parentage.
France without King or arristocracy, without col
onies or foreign possessions of any value, is the most
expensive government in the world. It collects a
revenue nearly one half larger than that of Great
Britain, while it has comparatively nothing to pay
by way of interest on its national debt, and its in
come seldom or never meets its expenditure. Con
trary to all our preconceived ideas, the British go
vernment is the most economical in Europe, when
the extent of its possessions and the number of its sub
jects is taken into account. Holland and Great Bri
tain are the only European Governments that have
not to borrow money to pay their current expenses
in a time of profound peace. How long can the Eu
ropean system last at this rate 1
H is raining most delightfully at this present wri
ting. We hope that it has extended a good distance
into the interior, so as to give vus' some water in the
streams. It is much needed.
The Virginia elections have resulted about as usu
al, 13 Democrats and 2 whigs elected to Congress.
All the strongest Southern Rights men have been
re-elected a3 Democrats, however. We doubt much
whether the slavery question will be agitated at all
in the coming corgress. This is the " President
making congress," and both parties will be too anx
ious to heal breaches and re-unite their several frag
ments, to admit of the introduction of any such dis
turbing element. Of course, something on the sub
ject will be introduced, but it will not be entertained
The Faytttcvlllc Observer.
The Observer of the 28th, contains two articles in
reply to the Journal. We deem more than a passing
notice unnecessary. We flatter ourselves that our
subscribers are also our readers, and we leave it to
them to say how much truth there is in the Obser
ver's assertion, that it li has forced us to admit the
truth of all the charges preferred by it." To wit : of
being in league with Free Soilers, etc. Although
the Observer very flatteringly denominates them "be
nighted," we are willing to trust our course to their
decision. Were our vocabulary of expletives as co
pious as that of the Observer we might, with truth,
apply to its course the term " unscrupulous," and
characterize its assertions as "unblushing falsehoods."
But wc surrender these flowers of language to a pa
per which requires energy of expression to bolster up
the weaknesses of its cause. The resolutions of the
Ratification Convention at Tammany Hall bear us
fully out in the assertion, that Mr. Wheeler's reso
lutions were laid on the table because out of order,
and because also the good parts were combined with
other parts which were totally at variance with all
party organization. The ratification resolutions af
firm all that was good in Wheeler's. By the way,
this man Wheeler, as we suspected, is simply the or
gan of A faction, inimical to the national Democratic
party the mere tool of the Talmage Barnburner
clique. A clique having far stronger affinities with
Seward whiggery than with national Democracy.
The Observer publishes in parallel columns a piece
from the Observer and our comments upon it, to
convict us of , misrepresenting it. We must confess
that we did somewhat. We gave it credit for more
generosity than it deserved. We thought from a
hasty view of the thing that it stuck by its friend
Johnston in adversity., But it seems that we were
mistaken. It gives him the cold shoulder. Well,
" rats will desert a falling house."
We hope the Observer will accept our amende
The Inequalities of Fortune.
Some folks are lucky, some unlucky. We belong
to the latter category, which fact proves conclusive
ly that fortune Is blind, otherwise 6he would have dis
cerned our great merits made us her pet, patted our
head and filled our pockets with eoppers and ginger
bread. She has not done so by any means. There
fore is fortune not only blind but foolish. She lacks
common sense and a due appreciation of character.
Fortune be hanged, drowned and garroted.
There is Holden of the Standard lucky dog that
ho is he will get ahead cf us. Some time last year
or the year before, there was a grand dispute among
the editors, as to who was the best looking. We
must say that the showing was rather a sorry one.
Personal pulchritude is not an editorial attribute,
and it was decided nem. con. that there was not one
really good looking man in the crowd. But when
the prize was for ugliness, the display was terrific
and sublime. We felt that we had a right to enter
for that prize, and we did enter yes, we did. But
it was no go. We were beaten in our own peculiar
line. Cameron, of the Wadesboro1 Argus, malicious
ly entered the field, bearing aloft a banner, on the
ample folds of which, were inscribed the spirit-stir-ing
words " Holden and victory." Tt was a dead
heat Holden, like the Yacht America, was first, and
nobody was second. But we have one consolation
which will not desert us. Although the editors of
Wilmington may be routed in detail, yet taken as
a body they defy competition. Yes, they do.
And then again in the matter of presents and
things of that sort, we are unlucky ; our cotempora
riesat various points are bragging about the hats, cra
vats, etc., wherewithal intelligent and appreciative
dry goods men and btcra have adorned their
Caput, or encircled the highway from the orifice in
their face to the hidden recesses of the inner man.
Nobody thinks of such a thing in these regions. No,
they don't. There again Holden gets ahead of us
he gets so many cravats that it has become a matter
of dread with some of his cotemporaries, lest being
puzzled to make use of them all he might appropri
ate some to the purpose of sustaining his personal
corporosity in a pendulous position by the neck,
which being persevered in, generally results in a
cessation of vitality. We assure them that their
fears are groundless. Holden won't hang himself.
He is too good and too shrewd a fellow for that.
But if the rash thought has entered his head, we
beg that he will respect our fcelinrs and dismiss it
instanter. Holden, don't han? vourself !
The only thing laid on our table is wedding cake
which comes rather abundantly since the beginning
of cold weather, as if on purpose to mock our for
lorn condition. It is duly discussed, however, and
we have such dreams over it. We fancy ourself a
Benedict, surrounded by five sons and six daughters:
the eldest daughter has red hair and the second son
squints; the two little ones, happy innocents, play
on the carpet with the cat and pull the dog's tail till
be howls, which wakes us up from our dream of
bliss, to listen to a serenade from a white bull nun
in an adjoining yard, who shows his disrespect to
the moon by trying his best to blaspheme at her the
nightlong. All dogs are sort of lunatics; at any
rate we have never seen one that would not bark at
the moon as long as he could find any moon to bark
From the Daily Journal of Wednesday.
Report of tlie Auditing Committee. . .-
We place before our readers the report of the Au
diting Committee of the Wilmington and Raleigh
Rail Road. It will be found worthy of examination.
As its brevity will admit of its perusal by every one,
we deem further remark unnecessary.
We have a word to say in reference to this matter,
purely personal to ourselves, and finding fault with
no one. The gentlemen composing the committee,
acting, no doubt, with a view to discharge their duty
in the matter with perfect impartiality, yesterday
laid the report before us in common with the other
papers of the town, requesting us to state our price
for giving it one insertion in the Journal and print
ing a certain number of copies of the report for dis
tribution among the stockholders. We gave the
amount according to the regular advertising terms
of the paper, together with the charge for printing
the copies at our usual rates. It was a business mat
ter, and we so regarded it, and consequently would
not deviate one iota from our regular terms. We
however, publish it to-day as a matter of interest,
and will also lay it before our weekly readers, thus
giving it the advantage of our combined town and
country circulation, for the information and conven
ience of our subscribers. We do not make these
observations for the purpose of reflecting in any man
ner rpon the committee or the paper which publish
ed the report. We believe that they all actei per
fectly right. We merely define our own position.
We can afford, and we consider it our duty, U pub
lish every matter of general interest. Thatis our
business. But our advertising columns are toother
matter, and when anything is to be charged' for at
all. it is charged in full ; and our price in ali cases ia
n accordance
nor no less.
,, . Tammany Hall Meeting' v
The New York Herald of the 23d, publishes the
proceedings of a ratification mass meeting of the
democracy of the city and county of New York, held
at Tammany. Hall, on the 22d.. The Herald says it
was a full turn out, and? the gathering was charac
terised by a predominant spirit of exultation, of en
thusiasm and confidence of exultation in there
cent elections in various States, of enthusiasm in the
hearty reunion of the two divisions of the party on
a national platform, and of confidence in the gene
ral result in November." The words are the Herald's,
not ours.
" Mr. Sickle" we again quote the words of the
Herald " then came forward and read the fallow
ing resolutions, which were received with frequent
cheers and outbursts of applause."
1. Resolved, That the democracy of the city of New York,
now assembled in mass, hereby reaffirm the two following re
solutions passed by the ratification meeting held in Tamma
ny Hall on the 29th ultimo, viz :
2. Resolved, That we are gratified to announce to the de
mocracy of the Union that the resolutions of the Syracuse
convention were adopted without a dissenting voice, con
gratulating the country upon the settlement by Congress ot
the questions which have unhappily divided uie people oi tne
several States. That declaration of the principle offers a
pledge that those beneficent measures of adjustment will be
maintained by the democratic party in all their integrity.
Deprecating all sectional agitation, the eountry is reassured
that the democracy of Ne York will discountenance any
further agitation of the subjects embraced in the series of
laws known as the compromise measures. Expressing the
unanimous determination of the democrats of this State to
be associated with the democratic party of the Union in the
ensuing national convention, to be held at Baltimore, and
reaffirming our devoted adherence to the resolutions of the
.Baltimore convention of 1840, lo44, and Jo4?5. we present
o the American people a sacred guarantee of the complete
fraternity of the democracy of this State with the democra
cy of the Union, united upon their ancient principles, and
loyal to the constitution and the rights of the States ; frown
ing upon all geographical parties or factions, whether form
ed at the North or South, East or West, and resolved hence
forth to know but one enemy, and to strike but for one victory-
with our published testis no more
JSjGov. Lowe, of Md., has appointed the 27th of
November, as a day of thanksgiving and prayer
throughout that State.
JKSThe Governor of Pennsylvania has issued his
proclamation setting apart the 27th of November as
a day of public thanksgiving throughout that State.
FoLT.owj.a Suit. The Governors of New York and In
dians have appointed the 27th. of November as a day of
thanksgiving and prayer in their respective State.?.
Two new Post offices have been established in North
Carolina, as follows: Blocker's, Cumberland, S. R.
Hawley, P and Scoit Hill, New Hanover, Joseph
M. Foy, P. M. Turkey Cove, McDowell, has been
discontinued, and the nnme of Burnt Shop, Orange,
has been changed to Melville.
Political Cannibalism.
We had at one time supposed that the habit of
eating their enemies slain in battle was confined to
certain African tribes and Southsea Islanders with
whom, perhaps, animal food is scarce, and a piece of
roast man, with good gravy, might be regarded as a
luxury; but we find that something of the same kind
is creeping into our political usages, and the body
of the unfortunate defunct is publicly paraded with
loud rejoicings, and no doubt devoured in secret with
cannabahstic ceremonies. Never did the world-renowned
Don Quixote charge upon a flock of sheep or
a wind mill with more daring courage, or less rea
cause, than i;ave the "Union" party of the South
shown in their desperate contest with the phantom
of disunion, a phantom of their own conjuration a
thing which never had any real existence save in the
brains of those who trumped it up as a means of ad
vancmg themselves and their own interests. There
are and have been no disunionists at the South
even the very imputation of disunion has proved fa
tal to every one against whom it has been brought
The elections in Mississippi, Georgia and South Car
ohna, show this. Then why is it that we find th
naieign register, ana otner " union" perse papers.
howl so dismally over the corpse of disunion they
say that it is dead they swear that it is dead then
why not let it rest in peace why outrage public de
cency by turning resurrectionists, and exposing th
" ghastly corpse " I The answer is plain. Itisthei
own property they made it it is their only stock in
trade, and without it they are in the position of
Othello, when his occupation was gone. The "Union"
party has been ruined by its victories. It has ridden
its hobby to death, and can make no further use of
it than by retaining its hide and hoofs to cover some
new " Morgan," and fcr the present indulging itself
in a vampire-like feast over the shadowy remains of
the ghost of disunion its own property at that.
In good sober earnest, the farce of a Union party
is about played out. In the very midst of the most
intense excitement, we saw clearly and said plainly
that the Union was in no present danger from the
action of the south. If the country is to be ruined
it will be by centralization, and not nullification or
secession. A 'Union party" par excellence, while it
combatted the imaginary danger of secession added
force and imminence to the real one of consolidation.
Depend upon it, while the south can stay in the
Union with anything like safety, no party can carry
her out when the time comes that she cannot, no
party can keep her in. It will be a practical and
not an abstract matter.
As might have been foreseen, those democrats who
in Mississippi, Georgia and other States, went out
from the democratic organization, in the belief that
they could better serve the south by acting with the
ooumcrn rigms ' organization, nave tound their mis
take and rectified it. They have found that the Union
and the south could be better, or, at least, more effi
ciently, served in the democratic ranks than in those
of any sectional or local party, and have acted accord
ingly. And as a farther evidence of the real char
acter of the democratic party as opposed to disuni
on, we would remark that, of the few prominent dis
unionists, if such there be, few or none have re-joined
the democracy Governor Quitman has totally re
tired. The " Union party"1 has been a very " good
Morgan,"1 but its day is over, and the people can be
no longer humbugged by that cry.
Capital and Internal Improvements. ,
Every one who will look at the matter must see
he disadvantages with which Wilmington has long
ad to contend, arising from so large a proportion of
er business capital having been locked up in unpro
ductive internal improvements. The abstraction of
lis capital, has cramped the operations of her most
energetic citizens and prevented her reaping the full
arvest to which she was justly entitled. Yet she has
struggled on and made herself a name and a repu
tation far above that usually pertaining to towns of
er size and population; and now that the period ap
proaches, for the completion of the various new
works of internal improvement which are to open
to her new branches of trade, she bids fair to receive
a large accession to her available capital wherewith
transact it. We are as certain as we can le of
any future event that, by the time the Manchester
road and the Deep River improvement co into full
operation, the stock of the Wilmington and Raleigh
road will be al par. If it, having cost $2,7G1,601 95
as appears by the report of the examining comnit
tee, has been able to retrieve itself and rise to par, as
it will do, certainly the Manchester road, equtlly
ong, and which may not reasonably be expected to
cost within a million of this amount, cannot fai
to command $100 per share in the market. Stock
at par is equivalent to cash, since it will alwavs
command it, and hence we may regard the apprecia
tion of these stocks, as, in fact, so much added to the
disposable means of the place. With such mens at
her command, Wilmington can fully avail herself of
her increasing facilities, and a much greater and
more substantial progress will be revealed by the
census of 18G0, than has been shown by that of 1850
The more sanguine among us may look for the com
pletion of the Manchester Road in little over a year:
but if it be finished in all of next year and the year
following, it is as much as can be expected, and
perhaps as much as can be done without ma
king too heavy sacrifices. Then it will be done, and
done properly. Of course portions will be put in
operation before that time. Some fourteen miles on
the other end will be in running order this month,
and we believe in practical operation, but we allude
to its final completion.
The true way to arrive at the cost of any river im
provement is to multiply the engineer's estimate by
2J. This rule will apply to the Deep River and
Cape Fear Navigation, and if it can be done for that
it will be the cheapest highway of the kind in the
United States. We believe that the capital of the
Cape Fear and Deep River Navigation Company is
$200,000. We will venture to say that before a free
and unobstructed communication, open at all times
of the year, can be established between Wilmington
and the head of Navigation on the Deep River, at
least Jive hundred thousand dollars will have to be ex
pended in various ways upon the work ; and if the
coal and iron deposites bo but one-half what they
are represented, it will then be the cheapest, and,
by means of this business, most profitable work in
the world, to say nothing of the other business in the
way of agricultural produce and merchandise.
JBSlfWe are indebted to the politeness of the Edi
tor of the Raleigh Standard for a copy of the "Ad
dress delivered before the Two Literary Societies of
the University of North Carolina, June 4th, 1851, by
W. W. Avery, Esq." We have barely had time to
glance through its page3, which contain urgent ap
peals to the State pride and energy of the rising gen
eration, to rescue the " old North State " from the
torpor and apathy into which she has fallen. Draws
a picture of the backwardness of the State in manu
factures, in improvements and commerce, and pays
a tribute to the energy and enterprise of Wilming
ton, in the following terms :
Where are the flourishing cities, dotting an extended sea
board marts for the commerce of the world, and reflecting
the world's intelligence to the interior 1 Let the struggles
of the spirited citizens of a single town, whose noble and man
ly efforts should be rewarded, for a season at least, with half
the trade tnat floats upon tne ocean, answer the question.
The production, as might have been expected from
the reputation and talents of the orator, is charac
terised by eloquence and ability.
These are the only resolutions relating to the sla
very question or the compromise, and we commend
them to the special attention of the Fayctteville Ob
server. They prove conclusively that, though the
democracy of old Tammany laid on the table the
disorganizing resolutions of Mr. Wheeler, over which
that paper makes such a dismal outcry, they know
how, at a proper time, and in a proper manner, to
vindicate their truth and assert their fidelity to the
constitution and the laws, and we honor them for it.
Would that their northern opponents could be made
to show their hands as openly and as fairly. We
could then view the approaching political contest
without fear or apprehension. We sincely hope
that they may be brought to pursue the right course.
Without it, we are convinced that they cannot and
and ouwlip not to receive the co-operation of the
whig party at the south.
Foreign News Arrival of tlic Niagara.
The steamship Niagara arrived at New York on
the 25th instant, with Liverpool dates to the 11th,
being three days later.
Intelligence had been received that Kossuth would
probably reach Southampton as a passenger on one
of the Peninsular and Oriental Company's steamers
from Gibraltar, and not on board the American na
tional steamer Mississippi. This has somewhat dis
couraged the people of Southampton.
The London Times has made an elaborate attack
upon the history, character and pretensions of Kos
suth ; and since his address to the French Democra
cy, many English papers have pronounced against
his claims to the popular ovation preparir. g for him
The London Globe vigorously defends Kossuth a
gainst the attacks of its cotemporaries.
The revenue returns for the quarter ending Oct
10th, are of a highly satisfactory character. Not
withstanding the reductions in taxation, they show
an increase over the corresponding quarter for 1851
Abbott Lawrence, the American Minister, was still
in lrelanu. He returned to .Dublin on the ita, irom
a visit to Baron Pennefather.
France. The Prince de Joinvillehas been offered
the nomination for the Northern Departments, but
has declined it.
Reports of a pending change in the Ministry are
still current. The Bourse was agitated and public
securities had declined. Fives opened at 91f. 50c.
A committee had been appointed by the Democrats
of Paris to receive subscriptions for a medal for the
workman who swam off to the Mississippi to shake
hands with Kossuth.
The celebrated Don Manuel Goday, formerly
Spanish Prime Minister, ana better known as the
Prince of Peace, died at Paris on the 7th inst., aged
8ti years.
Italy. It is stated that there is no longer any
. ; Export cf Brrndst nffi. - '
There is a steady and permanent increase in the
anionnt of breadstaffs exported from this country,
and this trade now forris an important element in
our foreign Commerce, and will go far towards equal
izing exchanges. It is quite probable that the com
ing year will show a large European demand for all
agricultural staples. We take the following from a
late money article of tie Boston Post : .
Meantime it is an important fact that the pros
pect ahead is not onty good, in tbe short stocks of
manufacturers as to goods, for an immediate and hea
vy export of cotton, buj; for a large and permanent
demand for our breadstiffs. It is said that the pota
to blight prevails over ill the north and east of Eu
rope, and that the rye crop of Holland, Germany
and Belgium is very sh&rt; and the deficient yield of
these articles keeps up the price of wheat at these
places to a figure that jnakes its export unprofitable
to Great Britain. The Shipping Gazette says :
"At the moment there seems no chance of ship
ments being made from the Baltic to Great Britain,
prices being relatively lower here than at Dantzic,
Rostock. &c. We have, however, no doubt that the
value of the article will after a time be regulated on
the continent by prices in the English markets ;
meanwhile we are receiving good supplies of wheat
and Indian corn from the Black Sea, &c, and of
flour from America, with the certainty that until the
winter sets in, and prevents arrivals from the west
ward at the ports on the seaboard, shipments from
the United States will continue. This being the po
sition of affnirs. we can see no grounds for calculat
ing on a much higher range of prices than those
now current; but, on the other hand, wp are dispos
ed to think that the value of the article has been
somewhat unduly depressed, and that buyers for
consumption will therefore be induced to purchase
beyond what they may want for immediate use,
while farmers, unless compelled by pecuniary pres
sure, will not, we think, continue to thrash so freely
as they have done of late."
From the Memphis Appeal.
Move Brag Cotton Flclitng.
The following note from a gentleman in De Soto county is
ahead of anything in that line that has yet been published,
except the extraordinary picking in Texas which we " made
a note of" on yesterday.
Eds. Appeal. I send you a list of the work of four hands
picking Cotton on the 1st day of October weather and Cot
ton both very dry :
1st. 518 lbs. on the farm of Dr. Raines.
2d. 504 "
Sil. 495 " Average, 5001 pounds.
4th. 4S7 "
Horn Lake, De Soto co , Miss.
Edgecombe is still ahead. Two hands on Mr. Ilines' farm,
two on Mr. Horn's farm, and four hands on a farm on Tar
River, worked by Mr. Elijah Nevill, each picked out more
per day, about the same time, than any hand mentioned
above. The average in the above is 500.J pounds ; the aver
age of the five hands under Mr. Xevill, was 536 pounds
We understand the Cotton crop of Edgecombe gets better
every year, buccess to the farmers !
Edgecombe has an Agricultural Society ; and we have no
doubt that much of her success in farming is owing to the
spirit of improvement which the labors of this Society have
diffused among the people. Raleigh Standard .
There should be an agricultural Society in every
county in the State, and then our farmers would be
gin to realize the benefits of improvement in the
mode of cultivation.
Wilmington ti Italelgh Rail Koad Company.
Report of the Avditing Committee.
The Coinmitiee appointed at the last Annual Meeting of
Stockholders for the purpose of Auditing the Accounts of
the Company for t he year ending 1st October, 1851, beg
leave to report, that they have examined the books, and
compared the entries with vouchers and find them correct.
The result, of the operations of the Company for th past
year is as follows :
AmountTec'd from through, travel $196,509 68
" " way " 75.350 61
" " freight ou Kail Road, y3,'43 93
, " freight, nnsals, &e , on Steam
Boftts 16,383 83
" " " Transportation of Mails,
Rents, &c, 80,629 61
$461,222 66
Cost of Transportation 108,783 54
Rail Road Repairs, 45,607 18
Expense of Steam Boats, 122,617 18
Office Expenses,. 247 30
Interest and Exchange, 65,198 85 342,454 05
Nett profits, $118,768 61
We find the total liabilities of the Company, on the first
of October, 1851 , amounted to f 1,133,055 1 5, consisting of
the following items :
English Bonds at 5 per cent., $222,666 67
Bonds endorsed by the State of North Carolina,
at 6 per cent, 250.000 00
.Amount due the Liteary Board of No. Carolina, 85,000 00
Balance due on 30 shares of surrendered Stock,
to be rode out, 980 13
Due on Negro Bonds, for the year 1844, 834 00
" " " " 1845, loo 48
" " " " " " 1847, 120 00
" " " " " 1848, 150 00
" " " " " 1849 460 00
" " " " " " 1850, 3,537 00
" " " " v " " 1851, 21,096 37
Mortage Eonds, (new issue,) for the
purchase of Iron, $520,000 00
Less for Bonds not issued
in Bank of Cape Fear.$94,222 22
And in the hands of
Collman & Stolterfoht, 35,555 55.. 129,777 77
390,222 23
. 54.062 35
. 66.584 82
. 23.500 00
8,875 43
Bonds to U. States for duties on iron payable in
mail service,
Bills payable, '
Bills payable (special)
Due on pay rolls,
Lue sundry individuals, 4,843 27
$1,133,103 85
The following exhibits the condition of tho Company's af
fairs on the 1st October, 1851 :
Debt of the Company, $1,133,103 85
Capital stock piiid in 1,338,353 OS
Balance of profits from commencement of ope
rations to 1st Oct., 1851, after paying interest
ot debt 38S.566 22
Cost of constructing and reconstruc
ting Koad. Meal Estate.&u ,$2,tl,Wl ifa
$2,860,023 15
3,000 00
950 00
5,318 00
3,250 00
18,761 49
13.005 48
17,696 86
6,486 36
List of Cities anal Towim In the I'ltlsed States, whose
Population, Iy the tciisin of 1S50, Is lO.OOO and
upwards, prepared from Hart's Geography
A Dangerous Counterfeit. We learn tbat two
counterfeit $50 Notes on the; Fayctteville Branch of
the Bank of the State of North Carolina were seen
in this town last. week. They are counterfeits of an
older plate than that now used by the Bank, and are
botfe admirably done so far as the engraving, paper,
&c, arc concerned. One of the notes, signed Dun.
Cameron Pres to is well ealcalated to deceive, requir
ing care to detect the counterfeit. The other, signed
G." IF. Mot decix Pres'U is filled np badlj, the signa
ture eoarselv executed and the impostare palpable
to any etc. This Branch has not issnsd any bill of
$50 of, the old plate signed by Mr. fllordecai.'
- r -. . Observer.
3Iiirier la Elizabeth.
We learn that Mr.. Josh. Bryan of Elizabeth, Bla
den county, waa killed at that place, on Saturday
evening last, the 25tl inst., by Thoa. MeLelland of
the same place. We have not heard the particulars
of the affair, nor the motives which impelled Mr.
MeLelland to the perpetration of the fatal act.
S mid ii Death.
Doctor Flcnsant Henderson, of Salisbury, N. C,
died suddenly in that place on the 21st inst. of apo
plexy. He was a gentleman TCTy much esteemed
and rc5pccted in the community where be resided. .
Important Correspondence !
Mr. Fultos You shall have a Cravat, and one as
black1' as ever your friend Holden dare wear. Now,
if Myers will send you a Hat, why you will be more
than " head and shoulders" in advance of the Edi
tor pf the " Herald." See hints to Mrers in back
rvos. ot the Herald. I
We beg you to accept the Cravat herewith sent,
while we remajn.
Yours, &c., SCOTT & BALDWIN-
October 29th, 1351.
We accept the present with pleasure, and 6hal
wear it with satisfaction. Of course, in our playful
allusions to our friend Holden and his cravat, no
thing was intended beyond a little harmless raillery.
to relieve the tedium of more serious business, or
amuse a passing moment ; but we cannot bring our
selves to refuse so neat an article coming from' sue!
clever fellows, who by the way have a few more of
tbe same sort left, which they will sell on reasona
ble terms.
To relieve the suspense of our brethren of the
press, we beg leave distinctly to state that we have
no intention of hanging ourselves. The cravat is
good silk, and contains not a fibre of hemp. Our
neighbor of the Herald will, of course, take tbe whole
thing as it Is meant in perfect good nature.
yThe Washington Republic expresses the pin
ion on what it deems reliable information, that the
Legislature of Georgia will elect Hon. Robert Tombs
(wbig) to tbe United States Senate, in place of Hon.
J. M. Berrien. Tombs has played bi3 cards. -
question of the French troops leaving the Papal
States, and that there is a probability that the Pope
will put himself under the protection of the Austri
ans in Bologna.
Austria Threatened War in Turkey,. There is
nothing decisive about the ministena: crisis in v 1
enna. The Austrian Government, in consequence of its
dissatisfaction at the release of Kossuth, is assem
bling a body of troops on the frontier of Turkish
Croatia and the Herzegovina, to demand satisfaction
from the Ottoman Porte for the persecution of the
Christian population.
The Emperor of Austria left Lombardy for Vien
na on the 2d inst.
Turkey. Letters from Zara dated Sept. 24th,
state that the Governor of Bosnia had set out for
Constantinople. Most of the troops in Bosnia are to
proceed to the Herzegovina, on the frontier of which
province the Austrian forces are assembling.,
The Arminians have revolted against the Turks,
and a conflict had taken place in which several were
killed on both sides.
A capitation tax throughout the Turkish Empire
has been levied.
Spain. There is nothing important from Spain.
Lord Howden, the English minister, resident at
Madrid, has subscribed five thousand reals in behalf
of the soldiers wounded in the Lopez expedition.
Arrival ef the Pacific.
1 he steamship racifac arrived at JNew xork on
the 26th, with Liverpool dates to the 15th.
Kossuch had not yet arrived at Southampton, but
mo3t active preparations were making for his reception.
The Great Exhibition closed to the public on the
11th, and would close finally on the 15th, when the
juries would report.
France. The Paris papers announce that all per
sons arrested for connection with the recent conspi
racy have been released .
Nothing dehnite would be known ot the rumored
ministerial changes until a meeting of the Cabinet
on Tuesday.
The Bourse closed dull hves yUt. oUc. tor the end
of the week ; threes 55f. 50c.
Spain. Ministerial changes were spoken of at
The Cologne Gazette publishes a letter from Ma
drid, which states that at a cabinet meeting held on
the 8ih, a proposition was made by Manillo to sell
Cuba and Puerto Principe to England for 150.000.
jScw Haven,
IS'ew Bedford,
Pay ton,
New Brunswick,
New York, New York, 515.507
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 408,S15
Hidtimore, Maryland, 1S!U)4S
Boston, Massachusetts, 13ti,871
New Orleans, Louisiana, llti,3t.S
Cincinnati, Ohio, 115.436
Brooklyn, New York, 97,8:58
t. Lou's, Missouri, 4.2)2
Albany, New York, 50,7(i:J
Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, 50.519
Louisville, Kentucky, 43,If:
Charleston, t"outh Carolina, 42.985
Buffalo, New York, 42.261
Providence, Phode Island, 41.512
Washington, I list. Columbia, 40.001
Newark, New Jersey, 3S.894
Rochester, New York, 30.403
Lowell, Massachusetts, 3:5.383
Williamsburg, New York, 80.780
Chicago, Illinois, 29.9i3
Troy, New York, 28,7.5
Richmond, Virginia, 27.42
Pan Francisco, California (estimated) 25.000
New York, 22.271
Pennsylvania, 21.2(i2
Michigan, 21,091
Maine, 20.815
Alabama, 20.513
Connecticut, 20.845
Ma ssa eh use tt ?, 20.2fi4
Wisconsin, 20,0fil
Massachusetts. 18.364
(diio, 18,183
Massachusetts, 17.867
New York, 7.5(-5
Massachusetts, 17,21fi
Ohio, 17.034
Massachusetts, 16.443
Pennsylvania, 15,748
Massachusetts, 15.215
Georgia, (est) 15.1100
Maine, 14.432
Virginia, 14,326
Massachusetts, 14.257
Louisiana, 14.211
Airginia, 14.(10
Delaware, 13.979
Now York, 13.944
New Hampshire,"- 13.932
Connecticut, 13,555
Pennsylvania, 12,369
New York, 12.323
do. 12.205
Massachusetts, 11,7(16
New York, 11,415
Virginia, 11,391
New Jersey, 11.341
Ohio, 10,977
Massachusetts, 10,441
Connecticut, 10.2C5
New York, 10.233
New Jersey. 10.019
Tennessee, (est) 10.000
Kentucky, (est) 10.000
Mississippi, (est) 10,000
The figures, unless where marked as estimated
(est.,) are official returns not yet published by the
Bureau of Statistics at Washington, but they may
nevertheless be relied upon as correct.
Messrs. Fulton Sr Price:
Gents Mr J H. McRory. Jr., an enterprising gen
tleman of Jacksonville, Florida, passed through our
town a few days since. He informs me that a compa
ny has been formed at that place, and that a line of
boa's are prenarine to be run from Jacksonville to
Charleston, to connect with our line of boats at that
place, so long as they may continue to run, and then
their passengers are to take the route to Branchville,
Columbia and the M nchester road to Wilmington,
and thence north. This company has hitherto stop
ped at Savannah, by which means the greater part of
the travel from that part of Florida had ben induced
to take the Savannah boats to New York. I mention
this as being another bright spot in the success of the
Wilmington road. A SUBSCRIBER.
Oct. 26, 1851.
That very pious, conscientious, whig free soil state
too much in love with human rights to fulfil the
provisions ot tne v. constitution respecting the
rendition otdugitives from IaLor, sells its own white
citizens at auction! Mrs C. J. H. Nichols, at the
late women's convention at Worcester, related the
following facts :
30 Shares of Company's btock,
Due on stock forieiteu
Paid on Subscription to Man
chester Road,
Paid on W. & N. O. Telegraph
Due for Mail Service
Due for Bills receivable,
Due by Individuals,
Due by gents,
Counterfeit money, . .$ 75 44
Cash on hand 29,877 57. .29.953 012,800,023 15
We find on examination, that there is still due on 291
Shares of the Capital Stock, subscribed for by individuals
$17,090 92.
We would recommend that the parties be notified to come
forward and pay the balance due with interest ; failing to do
so within a reasonable time, that said Stock bo advertised
and sold.
We likewise find a number of open accounts of long stand
ing upon the books of the company, w hich we recommend to
be closed.
We further recommend that Tay Rolls bo opened on the
first of every month, or quarter, and kept in the Treasurer's
office, for each department, that the names of all operatives
in the employ of the Company, or who shall be employed, du
ring that month or quarter, (except those for whom annual
bonds have been given.) shall be entered upon tbe Roll of
the department in which he has been employed, with tho
time and amount due him ; which, when paid, he shall re
ceipt for on the Roll ; and that at the close of the year's op
erations, the various Rolls shall be permanently closed by
tho Clerk, who shall transfer all amounts remaining unpaid
at that time, to a separate Roll, entitled " A Transfer Roll,"
so that there may be exhibited at one view, the amounts,
and to whom due' on Pay Rolls for the past year.
Your committee would respectfully recommend, that in fu
ture, a dividend, equal to the nctt profits of Company, after
paying interest, be declared ; one-half payable to the stock
hoiders in cash, the remaining half, payable in scrip of tho
Company redeemable in stock at par value ; and the amount
so reserved, in lieu of scrip issued, shall be applied to the li
quidation of tho Company's debt. All of which is respect
fully submitted.
J()IL McHAI'j, Sll.
- Committee.
Inla Election.
Richmond, Oct. 25.
The following are all the results ascertained in re
gard to the election in this State :
First Di.t. Samuel Millson. dem., elected.
Second IVist. R. K, Meade, dem.. elected.
Fourth Dist. Thomas S. Bocock, dem., reported
Fifth Dist. Still in doubt ; the contest close be
tween Powell, dem., and Goggin, whig.
Sixth Dist. John S. Caskie, dem., elected.
Seventh Dist. Thos. II. Bayly, dem., elected.
Eighth Dist. A. R. (lolliday, dem. no opposition.
Ninth Dist. J. F. Strother, whig, elected.
Tenth Dist. C. J. Falkner, independent whig,
elected a whig gain.
Eleventh Dist. John Letcher, dem. no opposi
tion. Twelfth Dist- Edmundson, dem. no opposition.
Thirteenth District. F. B. McMullen, dem. no
Fourteenth Dist. Not heard from.
Fifteenth Dist. George W. Thompson, dem., elect
ed. IKifThe New Constitution of Virginia was approv
ed by an overwhelming vote of the people of that
State, at the recent election.
The Vote of Mississippi. Below we give tho
vote of Mississippi by Congressional districts, in tho
recent election for members of the State Conven
tion :
Districts. Union.
1st, complete
2d " except one county.
3d "
4th " except one county.
, '.1.351 .
.0.748 .
State Rights.
.5,053 4,980
Total 38.402.
000, which sum, he said, represented the capital of i. An 0jj wom?n sne knew in Vermont had by her
the revenue Spain received from these islands. industry aided her husband to accumulate a little
Letters from Madrid announce that Oen. Armeiro property, enoug
A resigned his office of Minister ,f Marine, and J their old ae.
would probably be succeeded by M. Darral.
AcsTaiA. The failure of the Austrian loan is confirmed-Letters
from Vienna state that the ministerial cri
sis so far as the minister of the home department is
concerned is over the members of the cabinet bav-
ing taiten oatns or ieaity 10 iue rinperor.
' Jgg'-Tbe steamship Europa arrived at Halifax on
the 28th. We give her markets. The other details
hv her have not been received. The resignation of
the French Ministry is confirmed. The political
news from tbe European continent is not important.
The great exhibition has permanently closed-
Prababie TtoB ot the Stmmer Kmrlre wlta all en
, Bcffai-o, Oct. 27.
Notbini has been heard of the fine steamer Em
pire which left Dunkirk on Thursday last for Detroit.
e, ,-Vn 1.1 t- Trnnt ilnn-Ti xrltll nil V b;'lTd
h to have sustained either of them in
The old lady had worked bard : she
was a veteran at patching, but the clothes were al
ways clean. Finally her husband died and left her
a widow. Two-thirds of their little property went
to his heirs, the remaining third was insufficient for
her. She could have only tbe use of that. Her
neighbors all respected and loved her. Many a lit
tle gift did they send to poor old aunt . At last
she became absolutely helpless, was set up at auction
ana sola as a pauper, ana died in the poorhmse,
A letter from San Francisco iys "Byactua
count, within the week past, it is ascertained that
there are 553 vessels lvinsr in the harbor of San
brancisco, 183 of which are laid up and used as
storeships. A large proportion of tbe others will
never float in any other waters than thosfl of San
francisco. J he forest of masts will remain a per
manent characteristic, a remarkable feature, within
our golden gate."
Jenny Lind is performing in Canada with great
i success.
Majority 17,102
that the predictions made by our whig frcinds before
an election are verified by the result, that we feel
like giving them the benefit of all that do prove cor
rect. Especially is this due to Governor Johnson, so
many of whoso predictions of his own election have
been so lamentably falsified by the returns as to ren
der him no exception to the rule that supposes a
prophet to be without honor in his own country.
Let us do the governor s prophetic powers justice,
then, and place on record the f ulfilment of a prophe
cy made by him at Winchester some time during the
canvass, tl at "a demagogue would be shelved on the
14i of October." The governor is a living monu
ment of the truth of his prediction, and doubtless
will often exclaim, when he thinks of it, " Oh, my
prophetic soul!" &c. Penn. Keystone, Oct. 21.
The removal of the Crystal Palace from its posi
tion in Hyde Park has already commenced. It is to
be re-constructed in the new Battersca Park, about
two miles from its present location, whero it will be
used as a winter garden. The weighi of iron of
which it is composed is four thousand tons, and the
quantity of glass used is 89G.000 superficial feet.
i ne total cubic contents ot the building are oj,UUU,
000 feet. The space which it occupied will be mark
ed, after its removal, by four granite monuments,
placed at points indicating the position of the an
gles of the building.
A New Cotton Plant. '1 he Editor of the New
Orleans Orleanian has seen a boll of cotton, that de
serves the attention of the cultivators, on account of
its rapid growth and early maturity. On the first
of June last, a lady planted in her garden, a few cot
ton seeds presented her by a gentleman. On the
2Cth of July a boll was ready for picking ; and after
the end of six days from the time of planting, the
cotton had arrived at maturity : being less than one
half of the time it takes tbe species now raised by
our planters to do so. The lady was totally unac
quainted with the cultivation of the great Southern
staple. The seeds were introduced by Mr. Hayams,
from Yucatan, and are styled the Alica.
Whether you arerdavinon thestiireor the world.
your characters should always be well dressed. G- od
broadcloth is always received with a smile, though
covering a rascal while linsey woolsey is rather rua
upon, though it covers a patriot.
Cases of Sasherar Judge Homer, of Marqueue
county, Wis., gives notice " that in all cases except
Sasherar, 8 days notice of trial most be given !" This
is Wisconsinese law Latiu for" Certiorati."

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