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THE .WILMINGTON JOU1.NAL.
WfLMIWOTOiV, tf. C MONDAY, AUGIST 9,lf5. Authorized Agents for the Journal . Jamks M. R.KDMoD,Trboro',Ed2ecombecounty,NC. JrHiAH Johnson, Clinton, Sampson county. Jo'Ki'H R. Kemp, Bladen county. Jamks H. Meredith, Gravelly Hill, Bladen co. Dr. Sherwood, Strickland'sDepot,DupliL county. K. Babmes, Black Creek, Waynecounty. Lewis Jones, Pink Hill P. O., Lenoircounty. DEMOCRATIC NOMINATIONS. FOR PRESIDENT, HEN. FRANKLIN PIERCE, Of New Hampshire. FOR VICE PRESIDENT, II OX. WiTI. It. KING, Of Alabama. " No North, no South, n East, no West, under the Con stitution ; but a sacred maintenance of the common bond and true devotion to the common brotherhood." Franklin Pikp.ce Scott In Tennessee. Parson Brownlow is prospering in bis opposition to Scott. He says in his issue of July 20 : "Week before last we entered the names of 84 new subscribers on our books ; last week we enter ed 102, and this week, up to the hour of going to press, we have entered 200 names, while not ten men have discontinued in all that time. Almost every man writing for the paper say, 'I am an anti Scott Whig.' These are facts which we can show on our books and by our files of letters, to any who are curious enough to call and examine them. This is a free country, and the masses are not to be driv en from the support of an independent press, by a lew selfish leaders. Our weekly issue now is 3,600, a circulation no paper ever could boast of in this end of the State." To show that the administration at Washington approves bis course, Parson Brownlow writes the an nexed little notice : "We have been kindly and respectfully notified this week by Mr. Webster, Secretary of State, that our paper is selected for publishing the Orders, Res olutions and Laws, passed during the 1st session of the 6zd Congress ; and also all public Ireaties en tered into and ratified by the United States." We might mention as a further indication of the feelings of the administration at Washington, that the Commercial., the anti-Scott paper here, has been selected in a similar manner. Later from Europe. Halifax, Aug. 4. The steamer Niagara arrived at Halifax to-day, having 02 passengers on board. Among the items of foreign news, it is reported that -Marshal Exeelsman was recently killed at Paris by falling from his house. Le Blan has been called to form the New Belgian Ministry. The American squadron arrived at Naples on the 21st of July. Crops in England promise more than an average yield. Cotton was firm and had advanced an gd. Sales for the week 64,000 bales. BreadstufFs were dull and declining. Western Canal and Philadelphia Flour. 19 a 19s. 6d., Balti more 19s. 6d a 20s. 6d., Ohio 20 a 20s. 6d White Wheat 6s. Id., lied and mixed visions firm. Bacon declined I a 2s. Consols closed at 100. American stocks steady. Democratic Triumph in Missouri. St. Locis, Aug. 4. The Democrats have carried their ticket for sheriff. The Congressional returns are nnlecisive. The D.-mocratic Govrnor has been elec ted, but with a red iced majority. Tilt Late Steamboat Disaster. New York, Arc. 4. The Coroner's Jury rendered a verdict to-day, that those who were lately destroyed in the steamer Henery Clay, came to their deaths by a reckless disregard of life on the part of the owners and officers of the boat. This comes under the state and is defined as murder. A Significant Fact. The National Intelligencer the senior central organ of the Whig party en tirely refuses to take any part whatever in the whig and abolitionist conspiracy to fix the charge upon Gen. Pierce of using language satisfactory to the abortionists. The omission of the Intelligencer to make any mention of this matter is very significant. e trust the Kepublic Jeels the rebuke. Washington Union. Agricultural Socikty. An Agricultural Socie ty or Farmer's Club has been formed in Rowan coun ty, and held their first meeting at Mineral Spring on the 23d of last month. Tbe Society was organ ized by the appointment of Maj. Otho Gillespie President, Dr. Sam'l Rankin, and P. B. Cbamhers. Vice Presidents, and Dr. John F. Foard and John G. Fleming, Secretaries. Another meeting is to be held on Monday next, which will be addressed by Dr. S. D. Rankin, Dr. D. B. and A. J. Fleming. Esq. Commercial, bth. Itnll Road Meeting. A public meeting was held at the Court-house in Lenoir on the 20th July, 1852, to appoint Delegates to represent the County of Caldwell in the Rail Road Coivention to be held in Morganton. The meeting was organized by appointing R. B. Bogle, Esq.. Chairman, and J. G. Ballew, Secretary. The following Resolutions were offered by W. W. Lenoir : Re-olved, That the State of North Carolina, hav ing t iken two-thirds of the Stock in the Central Rail Road, is now bound, in justice to the Eastern and Western portions of the State, to take two-thirds of the Stock necessary lo continue said Road to the sea board and to the Tennessee line. "Resolved, That the route for the Western continu ation of the Central Rail Road, ought to bo left open. to be determined by actual surveys and estimates of engineers, subscriptions ot Mock in and out of the State, and such other considerations as will show the practical wisdom of the route finally effected. A proposition having been made bv a meeting at ivsueviue iu iiimi. uie extension oi ine uentrat Jioau by Asheville and the French Broad, a Preamble and Resolutions were adopted objecting thereto, declar .i . . i i i, . . , . . . . ing mat ine route iiioiig uie vaney or John s Kiver and the Watauga, crossing the Blue Ridge at the John's River Gap, is cheaper, more practicable, more direct in its connection with the Railroad systems o South Carolina. Tennessee, and Western Virginia and more in harmony with the interests of those fystcms. as well as with the interests of our own Railroad. But while advocating the claims of the Watauga route, the meeting expressed approbation of any extension of the Central Railroad, secured by fair and impartial legislation. Commercial. Sr Louis, Aug. 4. Hon. Thomas H. Benton has been elected to the House of Representatives of the United Slates. From the Richmond Enquirer. Attention. We invite the particular notice of our New Hamp shire cotemporaries to-the inquiry of our correspon dent below : Messrs. Editors: Some twelve or fifteen year? since a man by the name of " Foss," was convicted and sent to the Penitentiary four years for stealing horses but, for good behavior, he was pardoned out, before the expiration of his sentence he then went round lecturing, on temperance, and afterwards turned preacher. The writer of this has heard him hold forth in both capacities. I have made inquiries of the only gentleman that I knew in this city, (a Whig,) well acquainted in New Hampshire, if this is not the same Foss"' that is now the rank abolitionist and villain ous libeller of Franklin Pierce. He was unable to in form me but remarked, that he ' knew enough of the Foss family, to demand other testimony for the truth of anything a Foss should say." Will you please ask the New Hampshire papers, if this "swift affidavit maker,' is not the same horse-stealing Foss. and much oblige, CURIOSITY? Rochester, Aug. 5. The Cholera is on the in crease here. Twenty-four cases have occurred in the last 24 hours, out of which 19 deaths have en sued. Judge Devaux died with it at Magura yes terday. It has also broken out at Sandusky. Iowa State Election. Dubuque. August 3.The election in this State, vetordav. from nresent appearances, has resulted in the re-election to Congress from the second district ol TRprnbart Hpnn. Democrat. In the first district, he result is doubtful but sup noRpd in ht in favor of Mr. Clark, the Democratic candidate. ." l ci .Al.in. , ;. i Very unnecessary consequeuce is given to t tie re port, which comes by telegraph, says the Philadel phia Bulletin, that fourteen British vessels of war are now on the fi.-hing grounds of the British Colo nies the presumption being that this powerful force is sent with a view to enforcing the new construc tion of the treaty of 1818. Now every one at all familiar with the subject, knows that the Britih Government is in the habit of sending, during the summer, all the vesstds that can possibly be spared from the Southern stations of the Atlantic, to North ern latitudes, and the ports of Nova Scotia and New Brunswick are the ordinmy rendezvousof large num bers of men of war. The object in iloin? this is to secure the health of those on board, as well as to afford practice to the seamen and younger officers in the ordinary duties of a cruise. This we are confi dent is the case this season. There are, perhaps, one or two vessels ordered to the specific service of watching the fisheries, but beyond that we doubt whether there is a larger British Naval force in those waters than there was last summer, or any previous summer for a number of years. Just now, however, every thing that stirs the waters of the fishing regions is enough lo start a war rumor, and this formidable naval force looks to us but as a new version of the stoiy of the "Three Black Crows." Thomas Moore. The deceased poet, s-iyg the London Athenjeum. left a manuscript memoir of his life and a diaiy almost to the period of his death. These occupy ten close'y written volumes ; and Lord John Kussell is to be their editor, in conformity with the following clause in the poet s will : I also con fi le to my valued friend. Lord John Russell, (having obtained his kind promise to undertake the service for me) the task of looking over whatever papers, letters, or journals I may leave behind me, for the purpose of forming from them some kind of publi cation, whether in th shape of memoirs or other wise, which may aff ird the means of making some provisions for my wife and family." For these nnn uscripts, the Messrs Longman have, we understand, azreed to pay Mrs. Moore the liberal sum of 3000: and they are now undergoing the necessary review with a view to printing. The first volume will, we believe, be published in October. War. Voltaire thus expresses himself on thesub jectofwar: "A hundred thousand mad animals, whose heads are covered with hats, advance to kill or be killed by the like number of their fellow mor tals covered with turbans. By this strange proce dure they went at best to decide whether a tract of land, to which none of them lays any claim, shall belong to n certain man whom they call Sultan or to another whom they call Czar, neither of whom ever saw, or will see, the spot so furiously contested for ; and very few of those creatures, who thus mutually butcher each other, ever behold the animal for whom they cut each other's throats ! From time imme morial this has been the way of mankind almost over all the earth. What an excess of madness is this! And how deservedly might a Superior Being crush to atoms this earthly ball, the bloody nest to such ridiculous murderers." London in 1852. Mr. Weed, of the Albany Eve ning Journal, in a late letter from London, says: Have you a realizing sense of what London, in population and magnitude, really is ? Do you know that in population it is larger than the census of 1840 show ed the entire State of New York ? The in habitants of the cities of New York. Philadelphia. Boston, Baltimore. Albany, Troy, Utica, Syracuse. Rochester and Buffalo combined, would not make by three or four hundred thousand, another London ! It has alieady swallowed up all the surroundfng villages, and is extending its lamp districts' in eve ry direction, as rapidly as Milwaukie or Chicago spread themselves. 1 have been driven five. six. seven and eight miles, in different quarters, without getting through tho wilderness of dwellings. The railroads run for miles, not through, but over the city. As for the wealth of London, why, that is be yond the power, if not of figures, at least of compu tation." Singular Delusion. Mr. Kendall, in his last letter to the Picayune, from Paris, tells the following very singular story : I will close this letter by mentioning the fact that a most unaccountable whim, if whim it can be call ed, has recently entered into the heads of the lower classes in Posen. Galicia, and has even spread into some parts of Bohemia and Hungary, if all accounts be true. According to the papers you may have al ready seen the report it would seem that a story had got out. inui ii new aoroau wun me grearesr rapidi ty, totheenecl that the richest ot all the Rothschilds was under sentence of death, and that his only chance of saving his life was through the means ofa lottery For this purpose he offered what our lottery ticket venders would call a brilliant scheme, the main fea tures of which were as follows: his entire property was to be divided into sums of 3000 florins, and any and all who chose to take a ticket in the lottery, gratis, of course, would certainly draw that amount in yellow gold, save one person only ! In plain terms, every ticket placed in an immense wheel, ex cept one, had a number upon it, and was to draw a prize ot oOOU florins; but the holder ot the only blank was to offer his head to the chopping-knife in stead of Rothschild, who transferred the honor. Notwithstanding the risk of drawing the blank, it is positively asserted that the rush for tickets to many ot the towns and villages, has been immense, the magistrates, as well as the military authorities, have had the greatest difficulty in convincing the poor farmers and peasants that there is no such lottery in existence, and thousands have been sent away dis appointed, because they have been deprived of the chance ot drawing norms, at the trifling risk of srracinsr an executioner's block. This is an age of progress and advancement. In the same section where the above strange excitement has prevailed, it is also said that the idpa obtains that Kossuth has been proclaimed king of America, and that he i shortly to appear again in Europe at the head of an immense army. That such a story as this should get abroad is not as singular, however, as the lot tery scheme hoax, for the accounts of Kossuth's first reception in the States might lead the masses of Eu rope to believe almost anything. I once escaped at table the well-meant persecution of the kind hearted wife of a medical friend, from whom, ever and anon, came the inquiry of what 1 wou'd take next 1 his had been so often repeated, that I began to look round, fearing that my charac ter, as a teacher by example, might suffer, and re plied that "if she pleased 1 would take breath." It was saucy and ungrateful, but it was good-naturedly received and understood. Sir James Eyre. Punch, who has some thoughts about money, says: " I am assured by the poetess that there is a 'silver lining to every cloud.' As I do not live in the clouds. I cannot say ; but I only wish there was a silver li ning to every purse." Horses are said to become so numerous in Brazil as to be a serious trouble. The Emperor has there fore issued a decree authorizing the citizens to shoot brood mares wherever found. Men lose much by being too communicative in their matters of business. The great laconic philo sopher. Burke, says ' Keep shady ; and if you see a quarter on the ground, put your foot on it." To be thrown upon one s own resources is to be cast into the very lap of fortune ; for our faculties then undergo a development, and display an energy, of which they were previously unsusceptible. The Perl Fishery. The Panama Herald, of a late date, in an interesting account of the pearl fish eries in Panama Bay, states that about 1500 persons .ire engaged in the business, and the value of the pearls'obtained vary from $80,000 to 150.000 per annum seldom less than $100,000. The best divers remain under water from 38 to 61 spconds, and gen erally bring up from 12 to 15 pearl shells. From $500 to $1500 are frequently paid in Panama for single pearls not weighing more than three-sixteenths of an ounce. It is a Disagreeable Fix lo be placed in when you essry a bow to a fair friend, on the opposite side of the w;.y, to hive an omnibus obtrude itself just in season for 0'ir how to lake effect directly in the mid dle o the crowd of pasengers inside, hnlf of whom bowtiyuin return, and the oiher half stare in a puzzled attempt to recall who you are. Anecdote. A person on whom the temperance reformation had produced no effect, entered, in a state of exhiliration, a temperance grocery, in a neighboring town. " Mr. he exclaimed, "do you keep anything good to take here?" " Yec," replied the merchant, "we have some excellent col vf iter the best thing in the world to take." ' Well i know it." replied the Bacchante: there's .no one thing that's done so much for navigation aa .thatJ The Explosive Jacks A TRPE STORY. ' On a beautiful evening in the month of (not June but) November, when the soft haze of the Indian sum mer was lazily eddying over the prairies that lie be tween the Attascoso and the San Miguel, twelve of as encamped on a strip of limber bordering on the beau lilul lake, formed by the latter stream, about three days' journey, a little south of west of San Antonio de Bexnr. We had ridden far that day through the burnt district, where water and provisions were scarce. Therefore, was it, on reaching the banks of the lake, though we had yet full two hours of daylight we dis mounted. The "hunters started out, the horses were washed, watered and picketed, the fires lighted, and we piepared for the most 1 had nearly said the only, comfortable thing in a ranger's life a supper when you happen to have one. This time we were not doomed to be disappointed on that score, for the hun ters soon teturned with as much as we wanted for the next day, and our supper besides. Then commenced the bustle, skinning and cutting up game, parching coffee, boiing water, baking flour cakes, stewing, roasting, l uighing, whooping, chopping, grinding in fine, doing every thing that was necessary to get that supper ready and make the time pass until it was ready. Every thing had closed in. The badly punished supper had taken itself out of that Here and there, 'tis true, some hunter w ho had not been in as great a hurry as the rest, was lazily picking the juicy flesh, from the wreck of what had betn a noble saddle, but such boys as those can eat as long as there is a sup per or any thing else. One by one the boys wiped their knives, drew out their pipes, stufled and began to smoke. ' I say, Jeff,"' cried one of the rangers, " you must a had some strange times down here, afore the Ameri cans began to settle. I've heain tell some monstrous tall stories about them days, and I dassay now 'twas true Wal,'" says Jeff'. -'Til bet you, you never heern on the Western Texas Flying Jackass Artillery yet, did you ?" What was that Jeff," we cried out one and all. " Wal, I don't keer if I do tell yer, ior 'twas a first rate idear, and acted splendid. Yer see old man Joe yer all know him was right up down bothered with those pesky yaller bellies, (the Camanches.) riding into San Antonio and helping themselves to what they wanted, for yer see that was a good spell afore we got down here with the old Major, and the greasers they used to run like all wraths if yer just happened to say ' Camanche' alongside o' them. Wal, old Joe had been a tryin' a long time to screw up these greasers to the sticking pint, to make 'em tight the yaller bellies, but 'twarnt no go. They'd talk, swear and threaten ail creation, but the moirent they'd heer a good honest war-whoop, they'd run an' screach like a wild-cat that's left his tail in a steel trap. Now, old Joe had been a thinking for a long time about his a trying to skeer up some trick to keep off Jack In;jin. So, next time he went to Orleans to get some goods, in poking about, he cum acrost a small brass cannon, with a two inch bore. Thinks he, that's the trick, and I'll jest put a new wi inkle in Jack Ingin's hide. So he gone right in ami nought n. vvai, when he got over in San Antone, thinks he to himself, what the devil am I going to do for a carriage, for I can't pack the play thing on my saddle. So that set him a studying, un til at last he was satisfied he'd hit it. So he got hold of a great big long-legged mule, then he goes and gits a pack-saddle made, straps it on to his back and hoists on the top of it his little cannon and fastened it on ; but, as the sailors would say, he shipped it athwart beam. Wal, lie wads up the piece with a pretty good chunk of a cartridge, and touched her off. Away went the load one way, while Mister Mule, he come down rowhallup on his back at lother side. 'Hallo,' say? the old convey, 'that aint it yet,' so he hunts around until he finds a short, cross grained, rough haired, cran ky little bit of a Mexican jackass, as had about as much obstinacy in his hide as any fine lady I ever seed in the white settlements of Arkansaw. Now,' say he, 'that's the article,' so be mounts the gun a top o' him, but this time he put it straight along the little f How's back, so that the mnzleof the piece was right over donkey's tail. Wal, when he got her loaded and primed.' Now for it,' says he, and he touched her off. Mister Donkey stood up steady enough, only he didn't like such a pesky pulling at I is tail for, yer see, the old man had passed the end of the cupper strap round the breach of the gun, but he didn't give quite slack enough for the recoil. So master donkey must a thought some bone carpenter or other had got at him for his tail, and began kicking like all nation. That'll do, thinks old Joe; so he went on a drilling his don key, and tother one a kicking every time he fired. " Some time after, one of the greaser scouts cum i i one evening, skeered half into fits, and reported t at the Camanches had jest encamped down on tother side of :he Sewillar, (Cibolo creek) and would come into town next morning, for them logins were none of yer sneaking devils ; they took the broad daylight for their rascality. Nuff sed, old Joe screws us his greasers, mounts his gun, takes maste." donkey along by the bridle, and by daylight they all got down on ibe Sew illar, jest opposite to the Ingins. The yaller bellies looked over and sees all the Mexicans thar, but that didn't trouble them much, for they knew that directly they gave the war-whoop, the greasers would be nowhere. Wal, the yaller bellies gets on their horses and were a coming on to the edge of the ravine, when all at once, I hey seen an all fired smoke, they heered the bang, and saw lots of their comrades fall around them. "The yaller bellies stopped and looked all they could see through t ha smoke, was the two hind legs ot the jackass, who w as a kicking like all natur. "I tell you w hat it is, boys, it would have done you good to see the Ingins run that morning ; it would have taken one of them telegraffs, they talks on, that runs so plaguy fast in the settlements, to keep up with the last man o' them. "Wall, .Master fngin then becum sorter shy and skeery ; he wouldn't come down to San Antone for a long time. At last, one day, long after, when the hoys had got down thar the Camanche chinf cum down to have a big talk and sign a treaty. One of the jailer bellies what could talk a little English, was telling one of the boys about his being in a party that cum down on the Sewillar some years afore " Wal, Josh had heard o' that scrape, so says he " Look here, w hat made you run away so fast from the Sewillar that morning? Your'e a brave!' " That skeeivd you ? Eh !' "May be so'' " teller you; 'White man cum here, bring short month (pistol) good shoot long mouth (cannon) more bad shoot jad:as. Irnrin run certain. The Art ok Thinking. One of the best modes of improving the art of thinking is to think over some subject before you read upon it, and then observe after what manner it has occurred to the mind of some great master; you will then observe what you have omitted and what you have exceeded; and by this process you will in ensibly catch the manner in which a great mind views a great ques ion. It is right to study, not only to thinK when any extraor dinary incident provokes you to think, but from time to time to review what has passed, to dwell upon it, and to see what gains of thought voluntarily present themselves to your mind. It is a most superior habit in some minds to refer all the particular truths which strike them to other truths more general, so that their knowledge is beautifully methodized, and the particular truth at once leads to the general truth. This kind of understanding has an immense and decided superiority over those confused heads in w hich one fact is piled upon another without any attempt at ciassiuoation or arrangement Sulney Smith. The Chops. The seasonable weather, for the last few weeks, has had a decidedly favorable influence on tho corn crop, and also on the oats, and the prospect is favorable for a fair average crop of each. Although in various sections, much damage had been done to the wheat, an 1 in many localities it has suffered great ly from various casualties, such as the army and joint worm, the smut and red wevil, and from being winter killed, yet the crop, taken as a whole, cannot, we think, fall very far short of the usual average. In the West it is said to be very favorable the grain, how ever, does not turn out very plump and perfect. The demand for ihreshing machinery, we learn, has never been so great a it is the present season. Cure for Drinking Spirituous Liquors. Take two ounces of the flour of consideration. Dissolve it in a pint of the spirit of self-denial ; then add one quart of the juice of resolution to it. Shake it well together then put it into the golden bowl, (memo ry) if the golden bowl be not broken then sweet en it with the sugar of high reputation. A dram of these bitters may be taken as often na the appetite craves strong drink. A large portion of juice may e added, if necessary ; and if one bowlful should not perfect a cure, it must be filled up again with the same kind. : The loneer one takes these bitters. thjJessjxjltaTjlljas The Mormon Plea for Polygamy " Subjoin ed is the letter of Elder Phelps of the Mor mons, to the N. Y. Herald, justyying polygamy, a practice in relation to which the rulers of the sect have hitherto entered a denial, or been silent : Great Salt Laee City, ) Utah Territory, May 1, 1852. J Jas. Gordon Bennett, Esq.,n tbe Herald of the 9th March, la yoar comments upon Gen. Grant's re ply to the "flying court," or "Babes in the Woods," fate of Utah, I see yoo sagaciously say the Latter Day Saints must "make op their minds to submission to the federal authorities, and come down to tbe es tablished arrangement of one wife at a time, or a bide the consequences of the higher law." -Now, sir, in deference to your unique opinion, permit me to dissent, because the constitution has no power over religion, neither has Utah's Congress ; the ''fed eral authorities" have no control over morality that belongs to the good old book, the word of the Lord, and you know that God allowed any good man such as Abraham, Jacob, Gideon. David, Solomon, and hundreds of others, a plurality of wives. "Praise ye the Lord ;" and unless all Christendom shall, by their "sacerdotal clergy," petition Jehovah and repeal King James' repugnant, and as I believe, "wonderful wivir.g law," we shall, as a religious community, hold on to our rights, guaranteed by the constitution and revelation. It is just as virtuous, just as holy, and just as wise for the Mormons to obey the scriptures now, as in the days of Moses or Jesus ; for Jesus said "suffer little children, and for bid them not, to come unto me, for of such is the kingdom of heaven." You know also, that among other great promises to the Latter Day Saints, an "hundred fold of mothers and children" is promis ed. You could not have the children unless you had the wives, as mothers, to I. ear them; Some of the old prophets said, "seven women should take hold of one man." &c. : but I think it is nowhere said that seven men should take hold of one woman, as is somewhat fashionable among the elite of many nations. If you have not received a communication from Dr. J. M. Bernhisel, on tbe plurality of wives, being a dialogue between Judge Bogushus and the King's Fool, call on him for it, and Jet the people have it. and I think vour one wife system will sing as small as vour racing Giloins, or "dirty cotton court." Of two evils a Mormon chooses neither, hut goes in for all good and more good, which, if as Solomon said, a good wife is a good thing, then the more you have the more good you have ; so that when the suffering female kind, over the great globe, are acquainted with the fact that "the daughters of kings are among the Lord's honorable wives in heaven (Psalm 45) and on the right hand the Queen in gold of Ophir, you will hear of more honorable wo men clinging to the holy priesthood than you evei thought of, or a narrow, contracted christian clergy drove into corruption by night closetings, because their deeds are evil. Brother Gordon, look into my almanac for this year, and on the thirty second page you will observe an account of the "Eternal Mother," and on the thirty-seventh, "the philosophy of the heaven." Try a little of the Mormon Classic. I go in for He brew, Greek, Latin, Italian, Spanish, and any other language that conveys truth. Should you get the communication I mentioned above, I think ihat what 1 have written will do for you, and I, and others, to calculate that the Consti tution of the United States actually allows men and women to love, get, and do all the good they can, from the Bible, from the book of Mormon, from the world, and even from one another. "Praise ye the Lord!" Respectfully, W. W. PHELPS. Hoinestencl Exemptions. The following extracts exhibit the various qualifi cations of the Homestead Exemption Bills now in force in the several States named : Maine. A lot of land, a dwelling honse, and out buildings thereon, or so much thereof as shall not exceed $5000 in value. Vermont. The homestead of every bouse-keeper, or head of a family, to the value of $500, and the yearly products thereof. Massachusetts. The lot and buildings thereon occupied as a residence, to the value of 5000. New York. The lot and buildings thereon occu pied as a residence, to the value of $1000. Maryland. All real estate acquired by marriage during the life of a wife, from execution for debt for husband. Georcia. Twenty acres of land including dwel ling and improvements, not to exceed $200 and the additional amount of five acres for each child under 15 years of age. Florida. Forty acres of land, when not in any town or city, and provided such does not exceed in value $400." Alabama. Forty acres of land to every farmer, and to every housekeeper, residing in a town or city, a house and lot not to exceed $3,000 in value. Texas. Two hundred acres of land, when not in any town lots, not to exceed $2,000 in value Ohio. Every family a homestead not to exceed $500 in value. Michigan. Forty acres, with dwelling house and appurtenances, when not in town or city : if in town or city, a lot or dwelling house not to exceed in value $1500. Illinois. Lot of ground and buildings occupied as a residence, not exceeding in value $1000. Iowa. Forty acres of land not in town or city, or house and lot in town or city, not exceeding $2. 000. Wisconsin. Forty acres of land not in town or city, or a town or city lot not exceeding in amount one-fourth of an acre. California. The homestend, consisting of a quantity of land, together with the dwelling house thereon and its appurtenances, and not exceeding in value the sum of $5000. New Jersey. A homestead to each head of a fam ily, being the family residence, to the value of $500: not to to be assets in the hands of an administrator but to remain for the benefit of the widow, and un til the maturity of the minor children. South Carolina. A homestead of fifty acres of land, including the dwelling house and appurtenan ces, not to exceed $500 in value, and not to extend to any property situated within the limits of any city or town corporate. Yankee Homespun. "When I lived in Maine," said Uncle Ezra, "I helped to break up a new piece of ground. We got the wood off in winter, and ear ly in the spring began ploughing on't. It was so consarned rocky that we bad to get forty yoke of oxen to one piougn--we did, taith ; and I held that plough more n a week. I thought I should die. It e'en a most killed me, I vow. Why, one day I was hold'n, and the plough hit a stump that measured just nine feet and a half through it, hard and sound white oak. 1 he plough split it, and I was going straight through it, when I happened to think it might snap together again, so I threw my feet out, and had no sooner done this than it snapped togeth er, taking a smart hold of the seat of my pantaloons. Of course I was tight, but I held on lo the plough handles; and though the teamsters did all they could, that team of eighty oxen could not tear my pantaloons, nor cause me to let go my grip. At last, though, after letting the cattle breathe, they gave another strong pull altogether, and the old stump came out about the quickest. It bad monstrous long roots, too, let me tell you. My wife made the cloth tor them pantaloons, and I haven't worn any other kind since." J he only reply made to this was : should have thought that it would have come hard upon your suspenders. Powerful hard." Sam Slick's traits of American Humor. A Fireman as is a Fireman. The Nashville Ga zette is responsible tor this : We heard a fireman boasting of his exploits, and among others he rela ted that, a few years ago when he worked the old Pennsylvania machine, he climbed to the roof of a building on nre, and before he was aware of it, the steps, his oniy means of escape, were burned. Here was a dangerous position. But his nresence nf minA did not forsake him. He recollected that the en gine threw a Herculean stream, and getting astride it he slid down it to the engine ! His queer descent made a hero of him. He was received in triumph and belongs to the " Lively Three's," and is still an enthusiastic fireman. New Post Ofliccs have been established in Nertb Carolina, called A rgyle. Cumberland, Duncan McLancblio, P. M. Boon's Station, Alamance, W. A. Holt, P M Silver Run, Cumberland, John R. Murchison, P. Good News. The man who was injure I by a burst of applause, is ' Tecoveriwg.-tfxcftanVr papeVi b?y Cental The Verdict en the HndoM River Calamity. The Jury summoned by tbe coroner at Yonkers, having beard all tbe evidence adduced in relation to the burning of the Henry Clay, have returned a verdict, wbicb, after recapitulating the circumstan ces connected with tbe sad event, concludes as fol lows: That on tbe 28th of July the persons descri bed as having been found dead by the coroner and the jury, at Yonkers, were passengers on board the Henry Clay, where she took fire, run upon shore, and was there consumed That John K. Simmons, one of the passengers, was burnt to death, and that all the other persons, either by reason of the shock occasioned by the collision of the boat with the shore, were thrown overboard, or that, in order to save themselves from being burnt, cast themselves into the water, and then and there were drowned and suffocated, of which drowning and suffocation they died. That on that day, about seven o'clock in the morning, the Henry Clay left Albany, on the Hud son River. That John F. Tall man was a captain and one of the owners. That Thomas Collyer was also an owner, and that James L. Jessup was clerk. That Edward Hubbard was pilot, and James Elmen dorf was assistant pilot. That John Germnine was engineer. That Charles Merritt was assistant en gineer; and that a certain young man, whose name is unknown to the jury, but who was employed to attend the bar on said steamboat, and that they were all on board, and had each of them part com mand of the steamer Henry Clay ; and that after leaving Albany on that day, and while the steamer was navigating the Hudson river, and while engaged in conveying passengers, the parties, for the pur pose of excelling iu speed another steamboat called the Armenia, or for the purpose of increasing the speed of the said steamer Henry Clay, did create or allow to be created an undue quantity ot ste and in so doing did make or allow to h I,iade ex cessive fires, and did not oatnary prudence in the management of said fires ; and although often remonstraied with, did continue the excessive fires ; and in consequence thereof, and through their cul pable negligence and criminal recklessness, the Hen ry Clay did, at about fifteen minutes past three P. M., take fire, and was the cause of the death of the following persons : "Here follows a recapitulation of the recognised and unrecognised bodies found at Yonkers. 1 And so the Jurors say that the deaths of all the said persons, and each of them, was the result ot an act perpetrated by the said John F. Tallman, Thomas Collyer, James L, Jessup, James Elmendorf, Edward Hubbard, John Germaine, Charles Merritt, and the said bar keeper, which act was eminently dangerous to others, and evinced a depraved mind regardless of human life, although it was perpetra ted without any premeditated design to effect the death of any particular individual. All the officers of the Henry Clay against whom warrants were issued by the United States District Attorney have been arrested, except Capt. Tallman, who is confined to his bed by illness. The bail re quired in each case is ten thousand dollars. From the Ohio Statesman. Keep It Before the People. That the Whig party propose to bestow the civil j power of our republic upon the military chieftain at the head of the standing army as a reward for J military service. Keep it before the people, that the Whig party are attempting to make the standing army the only road to the Presidency in this country, as has been the case in Mexico, France, and other countries, where the liberties of the people have been pros trated by the predominance ot tbe military princi ple. Keep it before the people, that as a means of es tablishing the predominance of the military princi ple in this country, and of bringing the mercenary regulars of the standing army and navy to the polls to vote and to influence the election at various im portant places, the commanding general at the head of the army, who never held a civil office in his life, and the officer having command of the naval forces, have been nominated andp'aced on the Whig tick et for the Presidency and Yice-Presidency. Keep it before the people, that tbe gross and bare faced attempt now made on the part of whiggery to build up the supremacy of the military principle in ; order to put down the ascendancy of the democracy j of this country, cannot be covered up or concealed, I by any palliation or excuse to be found in the elec- i tion of Washington or Jackson, who were distin- guished as statesmen, having spent the greater part of their lives in the civil service of the country, and as far as they were engaged in military service, it was as mere citizen soldiers in time of war, and nei ther of whom held any command in the army when proposed for the presidency ; and Washington hav ing expressly forbidden the use of his name as a candidate for the presidency until after he had re signed the command ot tbe army and retired to private life. Be it remembered, that all history teaches that the predominance of the military principle is whol ly incompatible with the Lberties of the people; and that, through a blind and reckless regard for mere military renown, it has wrought the downfall of every republic in other countries and other ages of the world. Let it not be overlooked, but sound the tocsin all along the line, that if the civil power of the repub lic be bestowed on Gen. Scott as a reward for his military services as proposed, backed by the stand ing army of which he is the favorite and successful leader, backed by the unprincipled and drive ling demagogues of Wall street, and the bankers and monopolists of the country, who are at heart oppo sed to a government of the people, and willing and anxious to resort to any means whatsoever to sup press the supremacy of the Democracy of the peo ple, he would hold in his hands elements of power far more powerful and dangerous than those volun tarily given to the Caesars and Napoleons of other countries. Herald it from every watch-tower of liberty, that the great struggle between liberty and despotism go ing on in the world is a struggle for the suprema cy of the people on the one hand, and of civil govern- ! ment a struggle to maintain and control civil pow- I er by tbe free and untrammelled will of the people ! on the one hand, and by the power and influence of ! the standing army under the lead of a military chief-1 lam on me otner. j Finally, hold up to every man's observation the '; difference between the citizen soldier who takes up ! arms in time of war in defence of his country, and i the mercenary regular in the standing armv. The ! one values above all things the liberties pf his coun try, which theother, accustomed all times to thedes- potic rule of the army, cannot appreciate, and the prostrat on of which only increases his own power ami innueuce in tne government. Washington. Jackson and Harrison were citizens in peace. but soldiers in war. while Napoleon, Iturbide, and San ta Anna, and almost all the usurpers were men who had spent the most of their lives in the standing ar my, and cared nothing for the true interests of the people. A Faithful Captain. A few years since two steamers were having a race up the Mississippi, and one of the captains had crowded on all the steam he could raise, by burning tar, hams, boards, etc., when he "burst his biler." The Captain was himself at the wheel when the explosion took place ; his steam er was blown into a thousand pieces, but be " stuck to the helm ;" his wheel and himself went flyin through the air for half a mile or more, when be f nally came down, dropping, with the wheel of the boat, through the roof of a little shanty, occupied by a shoemaker. St. Crispen's son looked with as tonishment at the captain, who stood erect by be fore him. with his hands firmly clenched to the wheel, and coolly remarked : " Well, stranger, you're takin- fton;aMKii i:k- ty, when you enter a man's shop in that manner." " Oh, that's nothing ! what's the damage I" ask- eu ine i-apiam. The shoemaker looked at the hole in tbe the shop and then answered, roof of " i en aouars r "Ten devils!" exclaimed the captain stranger, I've an idea thafyoa are settine " Now, ii - ?;ibr,den 8i!ht t0 hieh' for th ttfe fortieth x c uoi.e me ame tning and you are .uC .aim-: ining and you are the only mi liusreu me over nve. nJ?t ;TPe f?Uowh)g from PUDcb is tbe neatest and most cutting piece of satire we have il.rXe. fWJ"" fhe duke wbo engineered : -nnU-T: '.""I1' ot remember tbe ZiZZ?-9 the elec .r;; of noble "i '7 ' t even ue name of the earl who es tabhshed the penny rr 5f ,es Letter from General Pierce. following letter was written some eighteen s ago by Franklin Pierce, in reply to an invi- iio parncipaie in measures wiucn were taken erection ot a monument to Oen Mark : Concord. February 22, 1850. Hem en : Your note of this day, inviting me to Id a meeting to be held at the Ci y Hall on of March, at 7 o'clock P. M , for the pur- taking measures to erect a monument to the of Major General Stark," has just been re ceived I iear tuat my engagements in court, in Belknfc county, will prevent me from participating with j i in this preliminary meeting, but whether presen ir absent, you will need no assurance of my earnes ;o-operation in the successful prosecution of an obj t which must make a strong appeal to the hearts f every patriotic 6n of New Hampshire. It will, I m confident, be the work of our whole popu lation. Fatnxsand sons, mothers and daughters, will heartilt unite in an enterprise around which must ever caster so many p'oud and grateful recollections and tl-tit will make tie column worthy of the bravest and most self-sacrificing spirits of the age of heroes. How naturally and inseparably united in association1 are the names of Washington and Marion. Stark and Sullivan aid how fresh and delightful on this anniversary tbe memory of these great men and their associates ! They lived and labored in a common cause, with unflinching fortitude, at a peiiod full of discouragement, danger, and privation. In .what was the crowning element of their final triumph ? i Doubtless, so far as human instrumentalities were concerned, in bond of brotherhood and patriotism that knit together all heaifs and nerved all hands. A participat Vl tnat struggle made this entry finKadnpted by iioij jwurnai .nay. till. J nc mal our enemies is 'divide and eofrqrjer. We enjoin the command, ' tfnrte and be invincible. ' Liberty or death.' ' unite or die.' are the mottoes which blazen the chronicles of the day and embel lish the military standards of almost every militia company." The value of whatever will revive and strengthen this sentiment cannot be over-estimated, while every proposition, every act, every idle word calculated to weaken it is a proposition, an act, a word false to hu manity. God forbid, that while at the north and at the south the present generation are erecting monuments commemorative of the events of the revolution and of the services of its leaders, they should, by encourage ment or countenance to sectional distrust, cast a pnll over all the bright hopes ot ihe future. In the fortunes of war Molly Stark was not made a widow at Bennington, but the monument will call up saddening but glorious memories of the fields of Lexington and Bunker Hill, Yorktown and Cowpens and many homes never afterwards gladdened by the sound ofa husband's voice. Will it not profita bly remind us of the price at which the present pow er, freedom and prosperity of this great confederacy were purchased, and necessarily of the only means by which they can be sustained and perpetuated 1 I shall look with much interest for an account of your proceedings. I am, very respectfully, Your friend and servant, FRANK. PIERCE. Hon. R. H. Ayer, J. McK. Wilkins, H. Brown, Esqs.f Committee. The Globe We Live on. It is known as a fact in geology, that below the depth of thirty feet, the earth becomes regularly warmer as we descend. On an average the increafe is at the rate of one degree of Fahrenheit for every fifth foot. At the bottom of the mines of Cornwall, a depth of one thousand two hundred feet, the ther mometer stands at eighty-eight, equal to high sum mer heat. At this rate rocks and" metals would be melted twenty miles below the surface, and down in the bowels of tbe earth, seven hundred miles, the heat would be ten thousand times hotter than melt ed iron. Who is there thai can wonder at earth quakes when all things rest on a molten sea of fire ? Mr. Toombs and Mr. Pierce again. In last Wednesday's Augusta Chronicle & Sentinel, we find that Mr. Toombs speaks of him even more high ly. Writing to a friend in Wilkes, of Gen. Pierce, Mr. J oombs ay8 : " He is a fair, just, sound, and upright man, with more abi ity than any of the four candidates, and has, throughout the whole slavery question, acted with energy and fearless prompti tude in favor of the just rights of the South. As between Pierce and Scott, 1 prefer his election, and I think that the Union party ought to give bim its support." " Make way for a hinderpendent woter," said a man at a recent election at New Orleans. " Why, good man," said the Clerk. " it is not an hour since you deposited your vote at this very poll." "I knows, I knows," says the voter: "that was the Democratic ticket ; this 'ere is the Whig ticket " " But if you strive to vote twice ) ehall have you arrested."' " You w ill, will you," shouted the son of the sov ereign people ; "then I say if I am denied the right of voting for the Whigs, after going the whole tick et for tbe Democrats, there ain't no universal suff rage, that's all. It's a darn'd one-sided business, take it all round " United States Finances. It is stated the reve nue of the United States government, for the fiscal year ending on the 30th of Jui.e last, amounts to between forty-nine and fifty milPons of dollars. The customs have yielded forty-seven millions; the public lands over two millions, and other sources about three quarters of a million. The surplus of the year will be about four and a half millions of dollars In this town, on the 6th inst., after a lingering illness, Mr Jamks Oitrch. aged 42 years a worthy citizen and much respected by his acquaintances. In this town, on the night of the 5th inst., Mr. Charles B. Morriss, aged 67 years. Marine Intelligence. POUT OF WILMINGTON. NORTH-CAROLINA. A K HIVED. Aug. 5. Steamer Chatham, Evans, from Fayettevill, to T. C. Worth. 6 Steamer Fanny Lutterloh, Stcadman, from Fayette ville, to E. J. Lutterloh. Schr. M. B. Mahony, Corson, from Charleston, in ballast, to Geo Harriss. Aug. 7. U. S. Mail Steamer Gov. Dudley, Bates, from Charleston, with 89 passengers. 7 Steamer Southerner, Wilkinson, from Fayettetille, to A. D. Cazaux. 8 U. S. Mail Ste.-t;nerC. Vanderbilt, Sterett, fm Charles ton, with 50 passengers. 9 U. S. Mail Steamer Wilmington, Smith, from Charles ton, with 120 passengers. CLEAN ED. Aug. 5. Schr. Harvest, Williams, for Boston, by Adams, Bro & Co., with 101,245 feet lumber, and 150 bbls Kosin. Aug (i Steamer Chatham, Evans, for Fayettcville, by T. C. Worth. Aug. 6 Schr. Memento, Smith, for New York, by J. 1L FT'nner; with 594 bbls. spirit turpentine, 657 do. rosin, 45 biil'f sheeting, 12 do. cotton, 2 do waste, 8 boxes tchaeco s tfnneco. Smith, for Aug. 7 u s. JVI ail Meamer wilinineton. inaricston. witn 40 passengers Pchr, Adele, Acktey. tor jNcw York, by J. II. rlanner. Schr. David Smith, Smith, for Philadelphia, by Geo. Har riss; with lumber. Steamer Fannv Lutterloh. Steadman. for Favettcvillc, by E. J. Lutterloh: with boat Odd Fellow in tow. Brig Wilson Fuller, Johnson, for New York, by M. Cos- tin. Schr. Jonas Smith, Turner, for New York, by M Costin. Schr Volant, Watts, for Jacksonville, by M. Coftin. 8 U S. Mail Steamer Gov. Dudley. Bates, for Charles ton, with 23 passengers w xng j . a. Lancaster, (.nnora, lor .Boston, oy j. Planner; with 90.000 feet lumber. V. S. Mail Steamer C. Vanderbilt, Sterett, for Charles ton, with 41 passengers. fcteamer Southerner, Wilkinson, for hayettcviiie, oy a. D. Cazaux. NEW YORK. August 4 Naval Stores We note sab-s of 2000 bbls. North County Turpentine at $3 12.& per 280 lb , decline of 12 cents ;1000Nortb county Common Rosin, I 27J; 450 Wilmington, $1 371 a fl 40 ; 800 do., very small, fl 20, delivered : 350 Spirits Turpentine. 87 a 374 ffnt'' X 50 do. in lots. 37 a 38, cash ; 420 Tar, 2, and 3 a 400, 2 12 in order, in yard, ine sales or Wbite itosin are umm portant. , Rice The sales are about 400 tcs. at $4 25 a 14 37i cash; the market is firm and prices are are fully supported. FAYETTEVILLE, Aug. 5. We have no alteration to make bat in Cotton, on which we advance our rates ; (8J 8c.) and would remark, that sales on yesterday were made at something above our present quotations for home con sumption. BOSTON, Ang. 4. Naval Stores The market for Spir its Turpentine continues dull with further small sal- " 39& a 40 pr gal. cash. In Tar the sales have been in mu lot, at 2 25 a 2 37 J pr bbl , cash and 6 moss I " m. 1 r iv i r (Tel ail 300 DDIS No. 2, at $1,75 a fl 87 ..1 lm,.m TtMii 1 11. .T.i i nvre dhto wrt-n lurtai-r ?aics ui vihih"" - v - n and 150 bbla. No. 1 M f ? - - " '' ""