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Wilmington journal. [volume] (Wilmington, N.C.) 1844-1895, August 13, 1852, Image 4

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Authorized Agents for the Journal .
Jamks M. R.KDMoD,Trboro',Ed2ecombecounty,NC.
JrHiAH Johnson, Clinton, Sampson county.
Jo'Ki'H R. Kemp, Bladen county.
Jamks H. Meredith, Gravelly Hill, Bladen co.
Dr. Sherwood, Strickland'sDepot,DupliL county.
K. Babmes, Black Creek, Waynecounty.
Lewis Jones, Pink Hill P. O., Lenoircounty.
Of New Hampshire.
Of Alabama.
" No North, no South, n East, no West, under the Con
stitution ; but a sacred maintenance of the common bond
and true devotion to the common brotherhood."
Franklin Pikp.ce
Scott In Tennessee.
Parson Brownlow is prospering in bis opposition
to Scott. He says in his issue of July 20 :
"Week before last we entered the names of 84
new subscribers on our books ; last week we enter
ed 102, and this week, up to the hour of going to
press, we have entered 200 names, while not ten
men have discontinued in all that time. Almost
every man writing for the paper say, 'I am an anti
Scott Whig.' These are facts which we can show
on our books and by our files of letters, to any who
are curious enough to call and examine them. This
is a free country, and the masses are not to be driv
en from the support of an independent press, by a
lew selfish leaders. Our weekly issue now is 3,600,
a circulation no paper ever could boast of in this end
of the State."
To show that the administration at Washington
approves bis course, Parson Brownlow writes the an
nexed little notice :
"We have been kindly and respectfully notified
this week by Mr. Webster, Secretary of State, that
our paper is selected for publishing the Orders, Res
olutions and Laws, passed during the 1st session of
the 6zd Congress ; and also all public Ireaties en
tered into and ratified by the United States."
We might mention as a further indication of the
feelings of the administration at Washington, that
the Commercial., the anti-Scott paper here, has been
selected in a similar manner.
Later from Europe.
Halifax, Aug. 4. The steamer Niagara arrived
at Halifax to-day, having 02 passengers on board.
Among the items of foreign news, it is reported that
-Marshal Exeelsman was recently killed at Paris by
falling from his house. Le Blan has been called to
form the New Belgian Ministry. The American
squadron arrived at Naples on the 21st of July.
Crops in England promise more than an average
Cotton was firm and had advanced an gd. Sales
for the week 64,000 bales.
BreadstufFs were dull and declining. Western
Canal and Philadelphia Flour. 19 a 19s. 6d., Balti
more 19s. 6d a 20s. 6d., Ohio 20 a 20s. 6d
Wheat 6s. Id., lied and mixed visions
declined I a 2s.
Consols closed at 100. American stocks steady.
Democratic Triumph in Missouri.
St. Locis, Aug. 4. The Democrats have carried
their ticket for sheriff. The Congressional returns are
nnlecisive. The D.-mocratic Govrnor has been elec
ted, but with a red iced majority.
Tilt Late Steamboat Disaster.
New York, Arc. 4. The Coroner's Jury rendered
a verdict to-day, that those who were lately destroyed
in the steamer Henery Clay, came to their deaths by
a reckless disregard of life on the part of the owners
and officers of the boat. This comes under the state
and is defined as murder.
A Significant Fact. The National Intelligencer
the senior central organ of the Whig party en
tirely refuses to take any part whatever in the whig
and abolitionist conspiracy to fix the charge upon
Gen. Pierce of using language satisfactory to the
abortionists. The omission of the Intelligencer to
make any mention of this matter is very significant.
e trust the Kepublic Jeels the rebuke.
Washington Union.
Agricultural Socikty. An Agricultural Socie
ty or Farmer's Club has been formed in Rowan coun
ty, and held their first meeting at Mineral Spring
on the 23d of last month. Tbe Society was organ
ized by the appointment of Maj. Otho Gillespie
President, Dr. Sam'l Rankin, and P. B. Cbamhers.
Vice Presidents, and Dr. John F. Foard and John G.
Fleming, Secretaries.
Another meeting is to be held on Monday next,
which will be addressed by Dr. S. D. Rankin, Dr.
D. B. and A. J. Fleming. Esq. Commercial, bth.
Itnll Road Meeting.
A public meeting was held at the Court-house in
Lenoir on the 20th July, 1852, to appoint Delegates
to represent the County of Caldwell in the Rail Road
Coivention to be held in Morganton. The meeting
was organized by appointing R. B. Bogle, Esq..
Chairman, and J. G. Ballew, Secretary.
The following Resolutions were offered by W. W.
Lenoir :
Re-olved, That the State of North Carolina, hav
ing t iken two-thirds of the Stock in the Central
Rail Road, is now bound, in justice to the Eastern
and Western portions of the State, to take two-thirds
of the Stock necessary lo continue said Road to the
sea board and to the Tennessee line.
"Resolved, That the route for the Western continu
ation of the Central Rail Road, ought to bo left open.
to be determined by actual surveys and estimates of
engineers, subscriptions ot Mock in and out of the
State, and such other considerations as will show the
practical wisdom of the route finally effected.
A proposition having been made bv a meeting at
ivsueviue iu iiimi. uie extension oi ine uentrat Jioau
by Asheville and the French Broad, a Preamble and
Resolutions were adopted objecting thereto, declar
.i . . i i i, . . , . . . .
ing mat ine route iiioiig uie vaney or John s Kiver
and the Watauga, crossing the Blue Ridge at the
John's River Gap, is cheaper, more practicable, more
direct in its connection with the Railroad systems o
South Carolina. Tennessee, and Western Virginia
and more in harmony with the interests of those
fystcms. as well as with the interests of our own
Railroad. But while advocating the claims of the
Watauga route, the meeting expressed approbation
of any extension of the Central Railroad, secured by
fair and impartial legislation. Commercial.
Sr Louis, Aug. 4. Hon. Thomas H. Benton has
been elected to the House of Representatives of the
United Slates.
From the Richmond Enquirer.
We invite the particular notice of our New Hamp
shire cotemporaries to-the inquiry of our correspon
dent below :
Messrs. Editors: Some twelve or fifteen year?
since a man by the name of " Foss," was convicted
and sent to the Penitentiary four years for stealing
horses but, for good behavior, he was pardoned out,
before the expiration of his sentence he then went
round lecturing, on temperance, and afterwards turned
preacher. The writer of this has heard him hold forth
in both capacities. I have made inquiries of the only
gentleman that I knew in this city, (a Whig,) well
acquainted in New Hampshire, if this is not the same
Foss"' that is now the rank abolitionist and villain
ous libeller of Franklin Pierce. He was unable to in
form me but remarked, that he ' knew enough of the
Foss family, to demand other testimony for the truth
of anything a Foss should say." Will you please ask
the New Hampshire papers, if this "swift affidavit
maker,' is not the same
horse-stealing Foss. and
much oblige,
Rochester, Aug. 5. The Cholera is on the in
crease here. Twenty-four cases have occurred in
the last 24 hours, out of which 19 deaths have en
sued. Judge Devaux died with it at Magura yes
terday. It has also broken out at Sandusky.
Iowa State Election.
Dubuque. August 3.The election in this State,
vetordav. from nresent appearances, has resulted in
the re-election to Congress from the second district ol
TRprnbart Hpnn. Democrat.
In the first district, he result is doubtful but sup
noRpd in ht in favor of Mr. Clark, the Democratic
candidate. ."
l ci .Al.in. , ;. i
Very unnecessary consequeuce is given to t tie re
port, which comes by telegraph, says the Philadel
phia Bulletin, that fourteen British vessels of war
are now on the fi.-hing grounds of the British Colo
nies the presumption being that this powerful force
is sent with a view to enforcing the new construc
tion of the treaty of 1818. Now every one at all
familiar with the subject, knows that the Britih
Government is in the habit of sending, during the
summer, all the vesstds that can possibly be spared
from the Southern stations of the Atlantic, to North
ern latitudes, and the ports of Nova Scotia and New
Brunswick are the ordinmy rendezvousof large num
bers of men of war. The object in iloin? this is to
secure the health of those on board, as well as to
afford practice to the seamen and younger officers in
the ordinary duties of a cruise. This we are confi
dent is the case this season. There are, perhaps,
one or two vessels ordered to the specific service of
watching the fisheries, but beyond that we doubt
whether there is a larger British Naval force in
those waters than there was last summer, or any
previous summer for a number of years. Just now,
however, every thing that stirs the waters of the
fishing regions is enough lo start a war rumor, and
this formidable naval force looks to us but as a new
version of the stoiy of the "Three Black Crows."
Thomas Moore. The deceased poet, s-iyg the
London Athenjeum. left a manuscript memoir of his
life and a diaiy almost to the period of his death.
These occupy ten close'y written volumes ; and Lord
John Kussell is to be their editor, in conformity with
the following clause in the poet s will : I also con
fi le to my valued friend. Lord John Russell, (having
obtained his kind promise to undertake the service
for me) the task of looking over whatever papers,
letters, or journals I may leave behind me, for the
purpose of forming from them some kind of publi
cation, whether in th shape of memoirs or other
wise, which may aff ird the means of making some
provisions for my wife and family." For these nnn
uscripts, the Messrs Longman have, we understand,
azreed to pay Mrs. Moore the liberal sum of 3000:
and they are now undergoing the necessary review
with a view to printing. The first volume will, we
believe, be published in October.
War. Voltaire thus expresses himself on thesub
jectofwar: "A hundred thousand mad animals,
whose heads are covered with hats, advance to kill
or be killed by the like number of their fellow mor
tals covered with turbans. By this strange proce
dure they went at best to decide whether a tract of
land, to which none of them lays any claim, shall
belong to n certain man whom they call Sultan or to
another whom they call Czar, neither of whom ever
saw, or will see, the spot so furiously contested for ;
and very few of those creatures, who thus mutually
butcher each other, ever behold the animal for whom
they cut each other's throats ! From time imme
morial this has been the way of mankind almost over
all the earth. What an excess of madness is this!
And how deservedly might a Superior Being crush
to atoms this earthly ball, the bloody nest to such
ridiculous murderers."
London in 1852. Mr. Weed, of the Albany Eve
ning Journal, in a late letter from London, says:
Have you a realizing sense of what London, in
population and magnitude, really is ? Do you know
that in population it is larger than the census of
1840 show ed the entire State of New York ? The in
habitants of the cities of New York. Philadelphia.
Boston, Baltimore. Albany, Troy, Utica, Syracuse.
Rochester and Buffalo combined, would not make by
three or four hundred thousand, another London !
It has alieady swallowed up all the surroundfng
villages, and is extending its lamp districts' in eve
ry direction, as rapidly as Milwaukie or Chicago
spread themselves. 1 have been driven five. six.
seven and eight miles, in different quarters, without
getting through tho wilderness of dwellings. The
railroads run for miles, not through, but over the
city. As for the wealth of London, why, that is be
yond the power, if not of figures, at least of compu
tation." Singular Delusion.
Mr. Kendall, in his last letter to the Picayune,
from Paris, tells the following very singular story :
I will close this letter by mentioning the fact that
a most unaccountable whim, if whim it can be call
ed, has recently entered into the heads of the lower
classes in Posen. Galicia, and has even spread into
some parts of Bohemia and Hungary, if all accounts
be true. According to the papers you may have al
ready seen the report it would seem that a story had
got out. inui ii new aoroau wun me grearesr rapidi
ty, totheenecl that the richest ot all the Rothschilds
was under sentence of death, and that his only chance
of saving his life was through the means ofa lottery
For this purpose he offered what our lottery ticket
venders would call a brilliant scheme, the main fea
tures of which were as follows: his entire property
was to be divided into sums of 3000 florins, and any
and all who chose to take a ticket in the lottery,
gratis, of course, would certainly draw that amount
in yellow gold, save one person only ! In plain
terms, every ticket placed in an immense wheel, ex
cept one, had a number upon it, and was to draw a
prize ot oOOU florins; but the holder ot the only
blank was to offer his head to the chopping-knife in
stead of Rothschild, who transferred the honor.
Notwithstanding the risk of drawing the blank, it
is positively asserted that the rush for tickets to many
ot the towns and villages, has been immense, the
magistrates, as well as the military authorities, have
had the greatest difficulty in convincing the poor
farmers and peasants that there is no such lottery
in existence, and thousands have been sent away dis
appointed, because they have been deprived of the
chance ot drawing norms, at the trifling risk
of srracinsr an executioner's block. This is an age
of progress and advancement. In the same section
where the above strange excitement has prevailed,
it is also said that the idpa obtains that Kossuth has
been proclaimed king of America, and that he i
shortly to appear again in Europe at the head of an
immense army. That such a story as this should
get abroad is not as singular, however, as the lot
tery scheme hoax, for the accounts of Kossuth's first
reception in the States might lead the masses of Eu
rope to believe almost anything.
I once escaped at table the well-meant persecution
of the kind hearted wife of a medical friend, from
whom, ever and anon, came the inquiry of what 1
wou'd take next 1 his had been so often repeated,
that I began to look round, fearing that my charac
ter, as a teacher by example, might suffer, and re
plied that "if she pleased 1 would take breath." It
was saucy and ungrateful, but it was good-naturedly
received and understood. Sir James Eyre.
Punch, who has some thoughts about money, says:
" I am assured by the poetess that there is a 'silver
lining to every cloud.' As I do not live in the clouds.
I cannot say ; but I only wish there was a silver li
ning to every purse."
Horses are said to become so numerous in Brazil
as to be a serious trouble. The Emperor has there
fore issued a decree authorizing the citizens to shoot
brood mares wherever found.
Men lose much by being too communicative in
their matters of business. The great laconic philo
sopher. Burke, says ' Keep shady ; and if you see
a quarter on the ground, put your foot on it."
To be thrown upon one s own resources is to be
cast into the very lap of fortune ; for our faculties
then undergo a development, and display an energy,
of which they were previously unsusceptible.
The Perl Fishery. The Panama Herald, of a
late date, in an interesting account of the pearl fish
eries in Panama Bay, states that about 1500 persons
.ire engaged in the business, and the value of the
pearls'obtained vary from $80,000 to 150.000 per
annum seldom less than $100,000. The best divers
remain under water from 38 to 61 spconds, and gen
erally bring up from 12 to 15 pearl shells. From
$500 to $1500 are frequently paid in Panama for
single pearls not weighing more than three-sixteenths
of an ounce.
It is a Disagreeable Fix lo be placed in when you
essry a bow to a fair friend, on the opposite side of
the w;.y, to hive an omnibus obtrude itself just in
season for 0'ir how to lake effect directly in the mid
dle o the crowd of pasengers inside, hnlf of whom
bowtiyuin return, and the oiher half stare in a
puzzled attempt to recall who you are.
Anecdote. A person on whom the temperance
reformation had produced no effect, entered, in a
state of exhiliration, a temperance grocery, in a
neighboring town. " Mr. he exclaimed, "do
you keep anything good to take here?" " Yec,"
replied the merchant, "we have some excellent col
vf iter the best thing in the world to take." ' Well
i know it." replied the Bacchante: there's .no one
thing that's done so much for navigation aa .thatJ
The Explosive Jacks
On a beautiful evening in the month of (not June
but) November, when the soft haze of the Indian sum
mer was lazily eddying over the prairies that lie be
tween the Attascoso and the San Miguel, twelve of as
encamped on a strip of limber bordering on the beau
lilul lake, formed by the latter stream, about three
days' journey, a little south of west of San Antonio
de Bexnr. We had ridden far that day through the
burnt district, where water and provisions were scarce.
Therefore, was it, on reaching the banks of the lake,
though we had yet full two hours of daylight we dis
mounted. The "hunters started out, the horses were
washed, watered and picketed, the fires lighted, and
we piepared for the most 1 had nearly said the only,
comfortable thing in a ranger's life a supper when
you happen to have one. This time we were not
doomed to be disappointed on that score, for the hun
ters soon teturned with as much as we wanted for the
next day, and our supper besides. Then commenced
the bustle, skinning and cutting up game, parching
coffee, boiing water, baking flour cakes, stewing,
roasting, l uighing, whooping, chopping, grinding in
fine, doing every thing that was necessary to get that
supper ready and make the time pass until it was
Every thing had closed in. The badly punished
supper had taken itself out of that Here and there,
'tis true, some hunter w ho had not been in as great a
hurry as the rest, was lazily picking the juicy flesh,
from the wreck of what had betn a noble saddle, but
such boys as those can eat as long as there is a sup
per or any thing else. One by one the boys wiped
their knives, drew out their pipes, stufled and began
to smoke.
' I say, Jeff,"' cried one of the rangers, " you must a
had some strange times down here, afore the Ameri
cans began to settle. I've heain tell some monstrous
tall stories about them days, and I dassay now 'twas
Wal,'" says Jeff'. -'Til bet you, you never heern
on the Western
Flying Jackass Artillery yet,
did you ?"
What was that Jeff," we cried out one and all.
" Wal, I don't keer if I do tell yer, ior 'twas a first
rate idear, and acted splendid. Yer see old man Joe
yer all know him was right up down bothered with
those pesky yaller bellies, (the Camanches.) riding
into San Antonio and helping themselves to what they
wanted, for yer see that was a good spell afore we got
down here with the old Major, and the greasers they
used to run like all wraths if yer just happened to say
' Camanche' alongside o' them. Wal, old Joe had been
a tryin' a long time to screw up these greasers to the
sticking pint, to make 'em tight the yaller bellies, but
'twarnt no go. They'd talk, swear and threaten ail
creation, but the moirent they'd heer a good honest
war-whoop, they'd run an' screach like a wild-cat
that's left his tail in a steel trap. Now, old Joe had
been a thinking for a long time about his a trying to
skeer up some trick to keep off Jack In;jin. So, next
time he went to Orleans to get some goods, in poking
about, he cum acrost a small brass cannon, with a two
inch bore. Thinks he, that's the trick, and I'll jest
put a new wi inkle in Jack Ingin's hide. So he gone
right in ami nought n. vvai, when he got over in
San Antone, thinks he to himself, what the devil am I
going to do for a carriage, for I can't pack the play
thing on my saddle. So that set him a studying, un
til at last he was satisfied he'd hit it. So he got hold
of a great big long-legged mule, then he goes and gits
a pack-saddle made, straps it on to his back and hoists
on the top of it his little cannon and fastened it on ;
but, as the sailors would say, he shipped it athwart
beam. Wal, lie wads up the piece with a pretty good
chunk of a cartridge, and touched her off. Away went
the load one way, while Mister Mule, he come down
rowhallup on his back at lother side. 'Hallo,' say?
the old convey, 'that aint it yet,' so he hunts around
until he finds a short, cross grained, rough haired, cran
ky little bit of a Mexican jackass, as had about as
much obstinacy in his hide as any fine lady I ever
seed in the white settlements of Arkansaw. Now,'
say he, 'that's the article,' so be mounts the gun a top
o' him, but this time he put it straight along the little
f How's back, so that the mnzleof the piece was right
over donkey's tail. Wal, when he got her loaded and
primed.' Now for it,' says he, and he touched her off.
Mister Donkey stood up steady enough, only he didn't
like such a pesky pulling at I is tail for, yer see, the
old man had passed the end of the cupper strap round
the breach of the gun, but he didn't give quite slack
enough for the recoil. So master donkey must a
thought some bone carpenter or other had got at him
for his tail, and began kicking like all nation. That'll
do, thinks old Joe; so he went on a drilling his don
key, and tother one a kicking every time he fired.
" Some time after, one of the greaser scouts cum
i i one evening, skeered half into fits, and reported
t at the Camanches had jest encamped down on tother
side of :he Sewillar, (Cibolo creek) and would come
into town next morning, for them logins were none
of yer sneaking devils ; they took the broad daylight
for their rascality. Nuff sed, old Joe screws us his
greasers, mounts his gun, takes maste." donkey along
by the bridle, and by daylight they all got down on
ibe Sew illar, jest opposite to the Ingins. The yaller
bellies looked over and sees all the Mexicans thar,
but that didn't trouble them much, for they knew that
directly they gave the war-whoop, the greasers would
be nowhere. Wal, the yaller bellies gets on their
horses and were a coming on to the edge of the ravine,
when all at once, I hey seen an all fired smoke, they
heered the bang, and saw lots of their comrades fall
around them.
"The yaller bellies stopped and looked all they
could see through t ha smoke, was the two hind legs
ot the jackass, who w as a kicking like all natur.
"I tell you w hat it is, boys, it would have done you
good to see the Ingins run that morning ; it would
have taken one of them telegraffs, they talks on, that
runs so plaguy fast in the settlements, to keep up with
the last man o' them.
"Wall, .Master fngin then becum sorter shy and
skeery ; he wouldn't come down to San Antone for a
long time. At last, one day, long after, when the
hoys had got down thar the Camanche chinf cum
down to have a big talk and sign a treaty. One of
the jailer bellies what could talk a little English, was
telling one of the boys about his being in a party
that cum down on the Sewillar some years afore
" Wal, Josh had heard o' that scrape, so says he
" Look here, w hat made you run away so fast from
the Sewillar that morning? Your'e a brave!'
" That skeeivd you ? Eh !'
"May be so'' " teller you; 'White man cum here,
bring short month (pistol) good shoot long mouth
(cannon) more bad shoot jad:as. Irnrin run certain.
The Art ok Thinking. One of the best modes of
improving the art of thinking is to think over some
subject before you read upon it, and then observe
after what manner it has occurred to the mind of
some great master; you will then observe what you
have omitted and what you have exceeded; and by
this process you will in ensibly catch the manner in
which a great mind views a great ques ion. It is
right to study, not only to thinK when any extraor
dinary incident provokes you to think, but from time
to time to review what has passed, to dwell upon it,
and to see what gains of thought voluntarily present
themselves to your mind. It is a most superior habit
in some minds to refer all the particular truths
which strike them to other truths more general, so
that their knowledge is beautifully methodized, and
the particular truth at once leads to the general
truth. This kind of understanding has an immense
and decided superiority over those confused heads in
w hich one fact is piled upon another without any
attempt at ciassiuoation or arrangement
Sulney Smith.
The Chops. The seasonable weather, for the last
few weeks, has had a decidedly favorable influence on
tho corn crop, and also on the oats, and the prospect
is favorable for a fair average crop of each. Although
in various sections, much damage had been done to
the wheat, an 1 in many localities it has suffered great
ly from various casualties, such as the army and joint
worm, the smut and red wevil, and from being winter
killed, yet the crop, taken as a whole, cannot, we
think, fall very far short of the usual average. In the
West it is said to be very favorable the grain, how
ever, does not turn out very plump and perfect. The
demand for ihreshing machinery, we learn, has never
been so great a it is the present season.
Cure for Drinking Spirituous Liquors. Take
two ounces of the flour of consideration. Dissolve it
in a pint of the spirit of self-denial ; then add one
quart of the juice of resolution to it. Shake it well
together then put it into the golden bowl, (memo
ry) if the golden bowl be not broken then sweet
en it with the sugar of high reputation. A dram of
these bitters may be taken as often na the appetite
craves strong drink. A large portion of juice may
e added, if necessary ; and if one bowlful should
not perfect a cure, it must be filled up again with
the same kind. : The loneer one takes these bitters.
The Mormon Plea for Polygamy
" Subjoin ed is the letter of Elder Phelps of the Mor
mons, to the N. Y. Herald, justyying polygamy, a
practice in relation to which the rulers of the sect
have hitherto entered a denial, or been silent :
Great Salt Laee City, )
Utah Territory, May 1, 1852. J
Jas. Gordon Bennett, Esq.,n tbe Herald of the
9th March, la yoar comments upon Gen. Grant's re
ply to the "flying court," or "Babes in the Woods,"
fate of Utah, I see yoo sagaciously say the Latter
Day Saints must "make op their minds to submission
to the federal authorities, and come down to tbe es
tablished arrangement of one wife at a time, or a
bide the consequences of the higher law." -Now,
sir, in deference to your unique opinion, permit me
to dissent, because the constitution has no power
over religion, neither has Utah's Congress ; the ''fed
eral authorities" have no control over morality
that belongs to the good old book, the word of the
Lord, and you know that God allowed any good man
such as Abraham, Jacob, Gideon. David, Solomon,
and hundreds of others, a plurality of wives.
"Praise ye the Lord ;" and unless all Christendom
shall, by their "sacerdotal clergy," petition Jehovah
and repeal King James' repugnant, and as I believe,
"wonderful wivir.g law," we shall, as a religious
community, hold on to our rights, guaranteed by the
constitution and revelation. It is just as virtuous,
just as holy, and just as wise for the Mormons to
obey the scriptures now, as in the days of Moses or
Jesus ; for Jesus said "suffer little children, and for
bid them not, to come unto me, for of such is the
kingdom of heaven." You know also, that among
other great promises to the Latter Day Saints, an
"hundred fold of mothers and children" is promis
ed. You could not have the children unless you
had the wives, as mothers, to I. ear them; Some of
the old prophets said, "seven women should take
hold of one man." &c. : but I think it is nowhere
said that seven men should take hold of one woman,
as is somewhat fashionable among the elite of many
If you have not received a communication from
Dr. J. M. Bernhisel, on tbe plurality of wives, being
a dialogue between Judge Bogushus and the King's
Fool, call on him for it, and Jet the people have it.
and I think vour one wife system will sing as small
as vour racing Giloins, or "dirty cotton court." Of
two evils a Mormon chooses neither, hut goes in for
all good and more good, which, if as Solomon said,
a good wife is a good thing, then the more you have
the more good you have ; so that when the suffering
female kind, over the great globe, are acquainted
with the fact that "the daughters of kings are
among the Lord's honorable wives in heaven
(Psalm 45) and on the right hand the Queen in
gold of Ophir, you will hear of more honorable wo
men clinging to the holy priesthood than you evei
thought of, or a narrow, contracted christian clergy
drove into corruption by night closetings, because
their deeds are evil.
Brother Gordon, look into my almanac for this
year, and on the thirty second page you will observe
an account of the "Eternal Mother," and on the
thirty-seventh, "the philosophy of the heaven."
Try a little of the Mormon Classic. I go in for He
brew, Greek, Latin, Italian, Spanish, and any other
language that conveys truth.
Should you get the communication I mentioned
above, I think ihat what 1 have written will do for
you, and I, and others, to calculate that the Consti
tution of the United States actually allows men and
women to love, get, and do all the good they can,
from the Bible, from the book of Mormon, from the
world, and even from one another. "Praise ye the
Lord!" Respectfully, W. W. PHELPS.
Hoinestencl Exemptions.
The following extracts exhibit the various qualifi
cations of the Homestead Exemption Bills now in
force in the several States named :
Maine. A lot of land, a dwelling honse, and out
buildings thereon, or so much thereof as shall not
exceed $5000 in value.
Vermont. The homestead of every bouse-keeper,
or head of a family, to the value of $500, and the
yearly products thereof.
Massachusetts. The lot and buildings thereon
occupied as a residence, to the value of 5000.
New York. The lot and buildings thereon occu
pied as a residence, to the value of $1000.
Maryland. All real estate acquired by marriage
during the life of a wife, from execution for debt for
Georcia. Twenty acres of land including dwel
ling and improvements, not to exceed $200 and the
additional amount of five acres for each child under
15 years of age.
Florida. Forty acres of land, when not in any
town or city, and provided such does not exceed in
value $400."
Alabama. Forty acres of land to every farmer,
and to every housekeeper, residing in a town or city,
a house and lot not to exceed $3,000 in value.
Texas. Two hundred acres of land, when not in
any town lots, not to exceed $2,000 in value
Ohio. Every family a homestead not to exceed
$500 in value.
Michigan. Forty acres, with dwelling house
and appurtenances, when not in town or city : if in
town or city, a lot or dwelling house not to exceed
in value $1500.
Illinois. Lot of ground and buildings occupied
as a residence, not exceeding in value $1000.
Iowa. Forty acres of land not in town or city,
or house and lot in town or city, not exceeding $2.
000. Wisconsin. Forty acres of land not in town or
city, or a town or city lot not exceeding in amount
one-fourth of an acre.
California. The homestend, consisting of a
quantity of land, together with the dwelling house
thereon and its appurtenances, and not exceeding
in value the sum of $5000.
New Jersey. A homestead to each head of a fam
ily, being the family residence, to the value of $500:
not to to be assets in the hands of an administrator
but to remain for the benefit of the widow, and un
til the maturity of the minor children.
South Carolina. A homestead of fifty acres of
land, including the dwelling house and appurtenan
ces, not to exceed $500 in value, and not to extend
to any property situated within the limits of any
city or town corporate.
Yankee Homespun. "When I lived in Maine,"
said Uncle Ezra, "I helped to break up a new piece
of ground. We got the wood off in winter, and ear
ly in the spring began ploughing on't. It was so
consarned rocky that we bad to get forty yoke of
oxen to one piougn--we did, taith ; and I held that
plough more n a week. I thought I should die. It
e'en a most killed me, I vow. Why, one day I was
hold'n, and the plough hit a stump that measured
just nine feet and a half through it, hard and sound
white oak. 1 he plough split it, and I was going
straight through it, when I happened to think it
might snap together again, so I threw my feet out,
and had no sooner done this than it snapped togeth
er, taking a smart hold of the seat of my pantaloons.
Of course I was tight, but I held on lo the plough
handles; and though the teamsters did all they
could, that team of eighty oxen could not tear my
pantaloons, nor cause me to let go my grip. At last,
though, after letting the cattle breathe, they gave
another strong pull altogether, and the old stump
came out about the quickest. It bad monstrous long
roots, too, let me tell you. My wife made the cloth
tor them pantaloons, and I haven't worn any other
kind since." J he only reply made to this was :
should have thought that it would have come hard
upon your suspenders. Powerful hard." Sam Slick's
traits of American Humor.
A Fireman as is a Fireman. The Nashville Ga
zette is responsible tor this : We heard a fireman
boasting of his exploits, and among others he rela
ted that, a few years ago when he worked the old
Pennsylvania machine, he climbed to the roof of a
building on nre, and before he was aware of it, the
steps, his oniy means of escape, were burned. Here
was a dangerous position. But his nresence nf minA
did not forsake him. He recollected that the en
gine threw a Herculean stream, and getting astride
it he slid down it to the engine ! His queer descent
made a hero of him. He was received in triumph
and belongs to the " Lively Three's," and is still an
enthusiastic fireman.
New Post Ofliccs have been established in Nertb
Carolina, called
A rgyle. Cumberland, Duncan McLancblio, P. M.
Boon's Station, Alamance, W. A. Holt, P M
Silver Run, Cumberland, John R. Murchison, P.
Good News. The man who was injure I by a
burst of applause, is ' Tecoveriwg.-tfxcftanVr papeVi
b?y Cental
The Verdict en the HndoM River Calamity.
The Jury summoned by tbe coroner at Yonkers,
having beard all tbe evidence adduced in relation to
the burning of the Henry Clay, have returned a
verdict, wbicb, after recapitulating the circumstan
ces connected with tbe sad event, concludes as fol
lows: That on tbe 28th of July the persons descri
bed as having been found dead by the coroner and
the jury, at Yonkers, were passengers on board the
Henry Clay, where she took fire, run upon shore,
and was there consumed That John K. Simmons,
one of the passengers, was burnt to death, and that
all the other persons, either by reason of the shock
occasioned by the collision of the boat with the shore,
were thrown overboard, or that, in order to save
themselves from being burnt, cast themselves into
the water, and then and there were drowned and
suffocated, of which drowning and suffocation they
died. That on that day, about seven o'clock in the
morning, the Henry Clay left Albany, on the Hud
son River. That John F. Tall man was a captain
and one of the owners. That Thomas Collyer was
also an owner, and that James L. Jessup was clerk.
That Edward Hubbard was pilot, and James Elmen
dorf was assistant pilot. That John Germnine was
engineer. That Charles Merritt was assistant en
gineer; and that a certain young man, whose name
is unknown to the jury, but who was employed to
attend the bar on said steamboat, and that they
were all on board, and had each of them part com
mand of the steamer Henry Clay ; and that after
leaving Albany on that day, and while the steamer
was navigating the Hudson river, and while engaged
in conveying passengers, the parties, for the pur
pose of excelling iu speed another steamboat called
the Armenia, or for the purpose of increasing the
speed of the said steamer Henry Clay, did create or
allow to be created an undue quantity ot ste
and in so doing did make or allow to h I,iade ex
cessive fires, and did not oatnary prudence in
the management of said fires ; and although often
remonstraied with, did continue the excessive fires ;
and in consequence thereof, and through their cul
pable negligence and criminal recklessness, the Hen
ry Clay did, at about fifteen minutes past three P.
M., take fire, and was the cause of the death of the
following persons :
"Here follows a recapitulation of the recognised
and unrecognised bodies found at Yonkers. 1
And so the Jurors say that the deaths of all the
said persons, and each of them, was the result ot
an act perpetrated by the said John F. Tallman,
Thomas Collyer, James L, Jessup, James Elmendorf,
Edward Hubbard, John Germaine, Charles Merritt,
and the said bar keeper, which act was eminently
dangerous to others, and evinced a depraved mind
regardless of human life, although it was perpetra
ted without any premeditated design to effect the
death of any particular individual.
All the officers of the Henry Clay against whom
warrants were issued by the United States District
Attorney have been arrested, except Capt. Tallman,
who is confined to his bed by illness. The bail re
quired in each case is ten thousand dollars.
From the Ohio Statesman.
Keep It Before the People.
That the Whig party propose to bestow the civil j
power of our republic upon the military chieftain
at the head of the standing army as a reward for J
military service.
Keep it before the people, that the Whig party
are attempting to make the standing army the only
road to the Presidency in this country, as has been
the case in Mexico, France, and other countries,
where the liberties of the people have been pros
trated by the predominance ot tbe military princi
ple. Keep it before the people, that as a means of es
tablishing the predominance of the military princi
ple in this country, and of bringing the mercenary
regulars of the standing army and navy to the polls
to vote and to influence the election at various im
portant places, the commanding general at the head
of the army, who never held a civil office in his life,
and the officer having command of the naval forces,
have been nominated andp'aced on the Whig tick
et for the Presidency and Yice-Presidency.
Keep it before the people, that tbe gross and bare
faced attempt now made on the part of whiggery to
build up the supremacy of the military principle in ;
order to put down the ascendancy of the democracy j
of this country, cannot be covered up or concealed, I
by any palliation or excuse to be found in the elec- i
tion of Washington or Jackson, who were distin-
guished as statesmen, having spent the greater part
of their lives in the civil service of the country, and
as far as they were engaged in military service, it
was as mere citizen soldiers in time of war, and nei
ther of whom held any command in the army when
proposed for the presidency ; and Washington hav
ing expressly forbidden the use of his name as a
candidate for the presidency until after he had re
signed the command ot tbe army and retired to
private life.
Be it remembered, that all history teaches that
the predominance of the military principle is whol
ly incompatible with the Lberties of the people;
and that, through a blind and reckless regard for
mere military renown, it has wrought the downfall
of every republic in other countries and other ages
of the world.
Let it not be overlooked, but sound the tocsin all
along the line, that if the civil power of the repub
lic be bestowed on Gen. Scott as a reward for his
military services as proposed, backed by the stand
ing army of which he is the favorite and successful
leader, backed by the unprincipled and drive ling
demagogues of Wall street, and the bankers and
monopolists of the country, who are at heart oppo
sed to a government of the people, and willing and
anxious to resort to any means whatsoever to sup
press the supremacy of the Democracy of the peo
ple, he would hold in his hands elements of power
far more powerful and dangerous than those volun
tarily given to the Caesars and Napoleons of other
Herald it from every watch-tower of liberty, that
the great struggle between liberty and despotism go
ing on in the world is a struggle for the suprema
cy of the people on the one hand, and of civil govern- !
ment a struggle to maintain and control civil pow- I
er by tbe free and untrammelled will of the people !
on the one hand, and by the power and influence of !
the standing army under the lead of a military chief-1
lam on me otner. j
Finally, hold up to every man's observation the ';
difference between the citizen soldier who takes up !
arms in time of war in defence of his country, and i
the mercenary regular in the standing armv. The !
one values above all things the liberties pf his coun
try, which theother, accustomed all times to thedes-
potic rule of the army, cannot appreciate, and the
prostrat on of which only increases his own power
ami innueuce in tne government. Washington.
Jackson and Harrison were citizens in peace. but
soldiers in war. while Napoleon, Iturbide, and San
ta Anna, and almost all the usurpers were men who
had spent the most of their lives in the standing ar
my, and cared nothing for the true interests of the
A Faithful Captain. A few years since two
steamers were having a race up the Mississippi, and
one of the captains had crowded on all the steam he
could raise, by burning tar, hams, boards, etc., when
he "burst his biler." The Captain was himself at
the wheel when the explosion took place ; his steam
er was blown into a thousand pieces, but be " stuck
to the helm ;" his wheel and himself went flyin
through the air for half a mile or more, when be f
nally came down, dropping, with the wheel of the
boat, through the roof of a little shanty, occupied
by a shoemaker. St. Crispen's son looked with as
tonishment at the captain, who stood erect by be
fore him. with his hands firmly clenched to the wheel,
and coolly remarked :
" Well, stranger, you're takin- fton;aMKii i:k-
ty, when you enter a man's shop in that manner."
" Oh, that's nothing ! what's the damage I" ask-
eu ine i-apiam.
The shoemaker looked at the hole in tbe
the shop and then answered,
roof of
" i en aouars r
"Ten devils!" exclaimed the captain
stranger, I've an idea thafyoa are settine
" Now,
ii -
?;ibr,den 8i!ht t0 hieh' for th ttfe fortieth
x c uoi.e me ame tning and you are
.uC .aim-: ining and you are the only
mi liusreu me over nve.
nJ?t ;TPe f?Uowh)g from PUDcb is tbe
neatest and most cutting piece of satire we have
il.rXe. fWJ"" fhe duke wbo engineered
: -nnU-T: '.""I1' ot remember tbe
ZiZZ?-9 the elec
.r;; of noble
"i '7 ' t even ue name of the earl who es
tabhshed the penny rr 5f ,es
Letter from General Pierce.
following letter was written some eighteen
s ago by Franklin Pierce, in reply to an invi-
iio parncipaie in measures wiucn were taken
erection ot a monument to Oen Mark :
Concord. February 22, 1850.
Hem en : Your note of this day, inviting me to
Id a meeting to be held at the Ci y Hall on
of March, at 7 o'clock P. M , for the pur-
taking measures to erect a monument to the
of Major General Stark," has just been re
ceived I iear tuat my engagements in court, in
Belknfc county, will prevent me from participating
with j i in this preliminary meeting, but whether
presen ir absent, you will need no assurance of my
earnes ;o-operation in the successful prosecution of
an obj t which must make a strong appeal to the
hearts f every patriotic 6n of New Hampshire. It
will, I m confident, be the work of our whole popu
lation. Fatnxsand sons, mothers and daughters, will
heartilt unite in an enterprise around which must
ever caster so many p'oud and grateful recollections
and tl-tit will make tie column worthy of the bravest
and most self-sacrificing spirits of the age of heroes.
How naturally and inseparably united in association1
are the names of Washington and Marion. Stark
and Sullivan aid how fresh and delightful on this
anniversary tbe memory of these great men and their
associates ! They lived and labored in a common
cause, with unflinching fortitude, at a peiiod full of
discouragement, danger, and privation. In .what
was the crowning element of their final triumph ? i
Doubtless, so far as human instrumentalities were
concerned, in bond of brotherhood and patriotism
that knit together all heaifs and nerved all hands.
A participat Vl tnat struggle made this entry
finKadnpted by
iioij jwurnai .nay. till. J nc mal
our enemies is 'divide and eofrqrjer.
We enjoin the command, ' tfnrte and be invincible.
' Liberty or death.' ' unite or die.' are the mottoes
which blazen the chronicles of the day and embel
lish the military standards of almost every militia
The value of whatever will revive and strengthen
this sentiment cannot be over-estimated, while every
proposition, every act, every idle word calculated to
weaken it is a proposition, an act, a word false to hu
manity. God forbid, that while at the north and at the
south the present generation are erecting monuments
commemorative of the events of the revolution and of
the services of its leaders, they should, by encourage
ment or countenance to sectional distrust, cast a pnll
over all the bright hopes ot ihe future.
In the fortunes of war Molly Stark was not made a
widow at Bennington, but the monument will call up
saddening but glorious memories of the fields of
Lexington and Bunker Hill, Yorktown and Cowpens
and many homes never afterwards gladdened by
the sound ofa husband's voice. Will it not profita
bly remind us of the price at which the present pow
er, freedom and prosperity of this great confederacy
were purchased, and necessarily of the only means
by which they can be sustained and perpetuated 1
I shall look with much interest for an account of
your proceedings.
I am, very respectfully,
Your friend and servant,
Hon. R. H. Ayer, J. McK. Wilkins, H. Brown, Esqs.f
The Globe We Live on.
It is known as a fact in geology, that below the
depth of thirty feet, the earth becomes regularly
warmer as we descend. On an average the increafe
is at the rate of one degree of Fahrenheit for every
fifth foot. At the bottom of the mines of Cornwall,
a depth of one thousand two hundred feet, the ther
mometer stands at eighty-eight, equal to high sum
mer heat. At this rate rocks and" metals would be
melted twenty miles below the surface, and down in
the bowels of tbe earth, seven hundred miles, the
heat would be ten thousand times hotter than melt
ed iron. Who is there thai can wonder at earth
quakes when all things rest on a molten sea of fire ?
Mr. Toombs and Mr. Pierce again. In last
Wednesday's Augusta Chronicle & Sentinel, we
find that Mr. Toombs speaks of him even more high
ly. Writing to a friend in Wilkes, of Gen. Pierce,
Mr. J oombs ay8 : " He is a fair, just, sound, and
upright man, with more abi ity than any of the four
candidates, and has, throughout the whole slavery
question, acted with energy and fearless prompti
tude in favor of the just rights of the South. As
between Pierce and Scott, 1 prefer his election, and
I think that the Union party ought to give bim its
" Make way for a hinderpendent woter," said a
man at a recent election at New Orleans.
" Why, good man," said the Clerk. " it is not an
hour since you deposited your vote at this very poll."
"I knows, I knows," says the voter: "that was
the Democratic ticket ; this 'ere is the Whig ticket "
" But if you strive to vote twice ) ehall have you
" You w ill, will you," shouted the son of the sov
ereign people ; "then I say if I am denied the right
of voting for the Whigs, after going the whole tick
et for tbe Democrats, there ain't no universal suff
rage, that's all. It's a darn'd one-sided business,
take it all round "
United States Finances. It is stated the reve
nue of the United States government, for the fiscal
year ending on the 30th of Jui.e last, amounts to
between forty-nine and fifty milPons of dollars.
The customs have yielded forty-seven millions; the
public lands over two millions, and other sources
about three quarters of a million. The surplus of
the year will be about four and a half millions of
In this town, on the 6th inst., after a lingering illness, Mr
Jamks Oitrch. aged 42 years a worthy citizen and much
respected by his acquaintances.
In this town, on the night of the 5th inst., Mr. Charles
B. Morriss, aged 67 years.
Marine Intelligence.
Aug. 5. Steamer Chatham, Evans, from Fayettevill, to
T. C. Worth.
6 Steamer Fanny Lutterloh, Stcadman, from Fayette
ville, to E. J. Lutterloh.
Schr. M. B. Mahony, Corson, from Charleston, in ballast,
to Geo Harriss.
Aug. 7. U. S. Mail Steamer Gov. Dudley, Bates, from
Charleston, with 89 passengers.
7 Steamer Southerner, Wilkinson, from Fayettetille, to
A. D. Cazaux.
8 U. S. Mail Ste.-t;nerC. Vanderbilt, Sterett, fm Charles
ton, with 50 passengers.
9 U. S. Mail Steamer Wilmington, Smith, from Charles
ton, with 120 passengers.
Aug. 5. Schr. Harvest, Williams, for Boston, by Adams,
Bro & Co., with 101,245 feet lumber, and 150 bbls Kosin.
Aug (i Steamer Chatham, Evans, for Fayettcville, by
T. C. Worth.
Aug. 6 Schr. Memento, Smith, for New York, by J. 1L
FT'nner; with 594 bbls. spirit turpentine, 657 do. rosin, 45
biil'f sheeting, 12 do. cotton, 2 do waste, 8 boxes tchaeco
s tfnneco.
Smith, for
Aug. 7 u s. JVI ail Meamer wilinineton.
inaricston. witn 40 passengers
Pchr, Adele, Acktey. tor jNcw York, by J. II. rlanner.
Schr. David Smith, Smith, for Philadelphia, by Geo. Har
riss; with lumber.
Steamer Fannv Lutterloh. Steadman. for Favettcvillc, by
E. J. Lutterloh: with boat Odd Fellow in tow.
Brig Wilson Fuller, Johnson, for New York, by M. Cos-
Schr. Jonas Smith, Turner, for New York, by M Costin.
Schr Volant, Watts, for Jacksonville, by M. Coftin.
8 U S. Mail Steamer Gov. Dudley. Bates, for Charles
ton, with 23 passengers
w xng j . a. Lancaster, (.nnora, lor .Boston, oy j.
Planner; with 90.000 feet lumber.
V. S. Mail Steamer C. Vanderbilt, Sterett, for Charles
ton, with 41 passengers.
fcteamer Southerner, Wilkinson, for hayettcviiie, oy a.
D. Cazaux.
NEW YORK. August 4 Naval Stores We note sab-s
of 2000 bbls. North County Turpentine at $3 12.& per 280
lb , decline of 12 cents ;1000Nortb county Common Rosin,
I 27J; 450 Wilmington, $1 371 a fl 40 ; 800 do., very small,
fl 20, delivered : 350 Spirits Turpentine. 87 a 374 ffnt'' X
50 do. in lots. 37 a 38, cash ; 420 Tar, 2, and 3 a 400, 2
12 in order, in yard, ine sales or Wbite itosin are umm
portant. ,
Rice The sales are about 400 tcs. at $4 25 a 14 37i cash;
the market is firm and prices are are fully supported.
FAYETTEVILLE, Aug. 5. We have no alteration to
make bat in Cotton, on which we advance our rates ; (8J
8c.) and would remark, that sales on yesterday were made
at something above our present quotations for home con
sumption. BOSTON, Ang. 4. Naval Stores The market for Spir
its Turpentine continues dull with further small sal- "
39& a 40 pr gal. cash. In Tar the sales have been in mu
lot, at 2 25 a 2 37 J pr bbl , cash and 6 moss I "
m. 1 r iv i r (Tel ail 300 DDIS
No. 2, at $1,75 a fl 87
..1 lm,.m TtMii 1 11. .T.i
i nvre dhto wrt-n lurtai-r ?aics ui vihih"" - v - n
and 150 bbla. No. 1 M f ?
- - " '' ""

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