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THE WILMINGTON JOURNAL.
WILBHSGTOS, 3V. C.; THURSDAY. JAN. 10, I860. The Raleigh Standard seems to take a great interest in the telegraphic "arrangements of the "Wilmington Journal office. That if right. The Journal takes dis patches and pays ov them, and is willing that its slow coach cotemporary should read and profit 4y them. We yfould further inform the Standard, and other enquirers, that our dispatches are famished by the agent of the as sociated press, unless where otherwise indicated, and are given to the public precisely as sent, the same dispatches being sent to our neighbor of the Herald. We give this information for the enlightenment of those who, not having enterprise enough to find out these things, prac tically, for themselves, try to make a hullabaloo. Prob ably the telegraph 13 not a Democratic institution, ac cording to the Standard's standard ! IIow we print our paper or set up our dispatches, i3 our own business. What private dispatches we send or receive, is no more anybody's business than what private letters we send or receive, and the attempt to spy into the one is on a par with a similar attempt to peer into the other. The Italeigh Standard trying to display its bitterness towards us, simply succeeds in parading its own igno rance. It strikes like a blind adder. It talks ot the dispatches published in our paper as unworthy efforts to influence the public mind. The Standard ought to know, if it does not, that we have nothing whatever to do with the making of our dispatches. We will add a word or two to what we have already said, although perhaps that may be unnecessary. For the Standard to talk about sop, is the most supremely ridiculous thing in the world. That paper has had pretty much all that the Democratic party, while in power, has had to be?tow. We will venture to say that the office of the Wilmington Journal actually did as much freely in the way of printing and distributing tickets and hand bills for meetings, etcetera, i'or the Democratic party during the past year, as the gross amouutofall the patronage it ever received during its whole existence from the State Government of North Carolina. But the disinterested Standard, after fatten ing upon public psftronage for years, raises a " dismal universal howl " a3 soon a3 it loses its sops. The Stan dard has shown its hand plainly enough. It has lost its head. What the private relations have been, or are going to be between Gov. Ellis and the Editor of the Standard, is none of our business, any more than those between us End the Governor arc m. Tksa are not matters for newspaper discussion. It is enough that we are satis fied. When we cease to be, we shall not call upon the Standard, that is reasonably certain. We will not stoop to characterize the attempt made to create a prejudice against Governor Ellis because he does not choose to withdraw hi3 confidence and re gard from a friend and Democrat whom he has known for years, simply because Mr. Holden has adopted the cant of the Know-Nothing party, which he once com batted as earnestly as we did. We leave that to an ap preciating public. Neither do we care to refer to the attempt to excite a similar prejudice against us person ally. That will fail. We are precisely the same people we were when we supported Cass and Pierce and Bu chanan and Breckinridge, and we did not, during the pnst year, covertly sneer at the President for not bow iDg down to the dictation of a peculiar clique. In fact, we may Eay this much, and the common sense of the reader will fully confirm our remarks, that when a speak er or a paper is compelled tothe exhibition of personal feeling, or a resort to personal reference, to create preju dices against an opponent, it is a plain evidence of de feat. It is a course to which we will not resort, even in retaliation. We leave it to those whose mental and moral calibre it suits. We see that the Fayetteville Observer, a zealous con frere of the Standard, takes up the howl of its Raleigh co-partner. We trust that it will not get hoarse too soon. It is a great comfort that force and fuss are not en terchangeable term3, else would we be slain by the fussi ness of our Raleigh and Fayetteville cotemporaries. Yet we ".still live," notwithstanding the power to " kill " vested in one of them ; and we are still compelled to keep troubling our iriend Murphy for veiy considerable quan tities of printing paper. The Standard misses its mark again, when it talks about our using the term submissionists. We are fully aware that there are very many men at the South who are anything but submissionists, although they differ from us in opinion. The word submissionist has been used by the Standard ten times where it has been used by us once. The Standard's attempts to get up hostility against us are too foolish for anything. JSST A committee of members of Congress, repre senting Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, Tennessee Kentucky, Delaware, Arkansas, Ohio, Indiana, Penn sylvania and New Jers?y, under the name of " Border States," have adopted propositions for the settlement of the national troubles. We have reason to believe that these propositions, claiming even less than the South has a clear right to, can obtain but one vote from the Republican party in both houses. This ends all chance of a mediation bv the border States, however well meant that mediation may have been, and we are wil ling to attribute good motives to any real attempt to compose the present troubles cf the country. The President wants to appoint a man named Mcln tire, of Pennsylvania or elsewhere, to go to Charleston on board the Harriet Lane to act as floating Collector off the Port 01 Charleston. The Democrats of the Sen ate win not go into secret session to connrm tnis ap pointment, and consequently there is no means of enfor cing the collection of revenues, there being no Collector, The Democrats are the true conservatives. They see the danger and wish to avert it honorably. We also give due credit to the true States Rights opposition Senators from the South. If bis thing is precipitated, the thins is surelv settled lor war. We tear tnat it is settled for secession at any rate. Not that we are se cessionists po se we are not secessionists for the sake of secession. We arc so from the force of circumstan ces, and for the sake of self protection at the South. Events are such a3 to be discouraging to all the friends of equality and justice in the Union. Of course we know that in these times rumor magnifies things. That we cannot help. We must give the news as we find it. it would seem that the Republicans, as a party, at the rs orth, go for coercion. The Democrats do not, al though cot generally admitting the right of secession We still think that the President desires to avoid dif ficulty, but he fail3 to come up to any position that would ensure any real settlement. 'We honor his motives, We sympathize with his position, but we cannot alto- getner admire L13 course. The Quaker counties of Pennsylvania are moving aw fully for volunteers to coerce the South. As the Presi dent talks coercion, their back-bones stiffen. An election for municipal officers was held in Elizabeth City on last Saturday, which resulted in the success of Dr. Rufus K. Speed for Mayor, over Dr. J T. P. C. Cohoon, present incumbent, by 49 votes. An afiray occurred at the polls between Messrs. John W. and V, c. Pool, and Julius C. Dashiell and Henry Culpepper, and others. Revolvers were freely used, and Culpepper was mortally wounded. He died shortly af terwards. The parties have been held to bail in the sum or frl.OOQ each. e&ieraay was observed here aa a dav of fastinir and prayer. It looked as quiet as Sunday and every pooy looked serious and earnest Business was general- tj suojjvuuea. - JCSfNo time nor inclination for post mortem exami nation to-day. We may do a little dissecting on the Raleigh Standard to-morrow, but we doubt if the game is worth the candle. It is about as well to let the dead bury their dead. All creation could not " make alive " tliat concern. Dailu Journal. Itk inst. mf ' ' yWe half-way committed ourselves yesterday to hold a sort of post mortem over the Raleigh Standard. We fear that we were rather rash in doing: so. It was an imprudent promise. We might consent to act as coroner, bat nobody here cares enough about the de funct to serve upon the jury, or return a verdict as to how it came to its political end. We think that we have remarked before in sufficient ly plain language not to be misunderstood, that the col umns Of a newsDaner do not nresent the nroner arpna . r i x for the settlement of any personal difficulties or misun derstandings ; and that, therefore, we could not indulge in such, or reply to them through that medium. We say this again, and we trust that now we will not be misunder stood. We seek no difficulty with any one we sedulously avoid all occasions of such, but we cannot and will rfot bandy abusive language, nor submit to it. We hold our selves fully responsible, and we cannot regard any man as worthy of an answer who does not write under a fall sense of responsibility and accountability. With this understanding plainly stated, we state as plainly, that the assertion of the Standard that we twice sought the nomination for the Commons in New Hanover is untrue, so much so, that with a determina tion not to be in the way of beitg called on in 1860, we disqualified ourself, getting rid of a title to land which had been made to us by a friend, asd 6tated further, in our paper, against the advice, and contrary to the soli citation of the very " leaders " that the Standard talks about, that we could not and would not be a candidate. The Standard must not measure our corn in his bushel. It i3 a different grit We never sought any nomination in New Hanover or elsewhere, but even were it so, and were the assertion true that we had sought it and been disappointed, it is evident that we did not act like the editor of the Stand ard, who has turned traitor to the party he previously supported or pretended to support ; the party that built Eim and made him we are sorry to say, did n?t make him a Democrat. If by talking in the way it dots about us and " lead ers," etc., in New Hanover, the Standard flatters itself that it can make a split in this county, it misses its mark. That game is up. There are not enough Demo crats here who would even touch the thing to form a jury. The Opposition party here know this, and they appreciate the Standard. Now, about the reference of the Standard to our re lation to Gov.'s Bragg and Reid, we have a word or two to say, and we will try to say them aa briefly as possible. At one time the Literary Board of which the editor ot the Sladdard was a member, at his suggestion, we believe, made a rule to pay so much for the insertion of the advertisement of the Common School fund. This sum was not equal to the sum required by our pub lished advertising rates, and we refused to be dictated to in our business, and we therefore ceased to publish such advertisements, except a3 matters of news. The impres sion upon our own mind always has been that Mr. Hol den tried in this way to foment some difficulty between us and Gov.'s Reid and Bragg. The whole matter about the School fund advertisement, we knew all the time originated with Mr. Holden. We wish to do nobedy injustice. If in this we do him injustice, and it can be shown to us that we do, we shall be most happy to stand corrected. Our relations with Messrs. Brag and Reid are perfectly satisfactory. We think they understand us perfectly, and so they do the editor of the Standard. They understand him a little too well to trust him. There is one thing pretty certain. We have never sought to be an organ. That never would suit us. We have dif. ered at times with nearly every prominent man in the Democratic party upon some point, but we have never flown the track nor left the party ; and, strangely enough, those from whom upon accidental questions we have thus been compelled to differ, are now among those who now coincide with us most cordially in opinion, and sustain us most cordially in action. We said before, we think, that the editor of the Slaii- dai d made a great mistake when he attempted to meas ure our corn in his bushel. In regard to the appoint ment on the Board of Internal Improvements, our friends now that we first heard or learned of such a thing through the columns of the Fayetteville Observer, and hat, had we been consulted, we would have declined that or any other public position whatsoever. More than that after having consented to serve, we request ed last year to be excused, and only remained on the Board because our withdrawal might give rise to sur mises of difference of opinion or alienation of feeling be tween ourself and Gov. Ellis, and might, in some small degree, have beea used to his disadvantage on the can vass. We know that it could not have had any great influence one way or the other, for we do not arrogate to ourself the power " to kill and make alive ;" but, at any rate, our resignation from the Board was withdrawn, at the request of others. We really did not, before reading the article of the Standaid, suppose that any body would be small enough to have stooped to talk about the emoluments of the office or appointment. We never left home to go to Raleigh on that or any other business, that we would not gladly have paid to get off. Gov. Ellis, we trust, does know us somewhat, but not as the Standard insinuates. Quite the reverse. But we must bring this article to a close, not, how ever, without begging our readers to excuse us for the intrusion of personal details. We trust that all will see the necessity that has forced this upon us. The best thing we can do is to promise not to offend again in the same way, if we can help it. When the Standard threatens we all understand it down here. Its talk is cheap. If it really meant any thing or amounted to anything it would be a different matter. Daily Journal, 8th inst. The Censps. We give the following items of the population of North Carolina by the census of 1860, aa compared with that of 1850. We have not got the Free Colored for 1860 ; we suppose it is included under the general head ing of free : Free Pop. Slave Pop. Free Col. Total. Fed. Pop. I860.. 687.330 339,867 1,027,197 891,250 1850.. 553,028 288,548 27,463 869,039 753,611 The following are some comparative items relating to the census of the United States : Free Pop. Slave Pop. Total. Fed. Pop. 1860...... 27,113,108 3,847,23 30,960.311 29.421,462 1850 19,553,068 3,204,313 23,191,876 21,767,673 In 1860 the free colored are included under the head ing of free. In 1850 their number is not stated in de tail, nor are they so included, but are taken in the " total " and accounted for in the " federal population." It appears that the aggregate increase in the Federal population of the United States has been 7,653,673 ; on the whole population 7,768,435, being a trifle over 35 per cent. The increase in the slave population has been 642,950, or about 20 per cent. The increase in the gross population of North Carolina has been 158, 158, or nearly 19 per cent. The increase in the slave population of the State has been 51,319, or nearly 18 per cent ; the increase in the Federal population has been 137,892, or between 18 and 19 per cent. By the next apportionment, North Carolina loses one Representative, sinking from 8 to 7 ; the whole South loses 18 Representatives, which the North gains, mak ing a relative change of 36. In addition to this the North has gained two new States, adding 4 Senators and swelling her gain upon the South to 40. We need not point to the consideration to which these figures give rise. It must be evident that now is the time for a final settlement of the questions pending be tween the different sections of the Union. To delay is to be lost. There is no man, we think, that would not sooner have a fair, and just, and peaceful settlement, than one that involved disruption ard threatened civil war. But all must desire the settlement if not one way then another way. Flag Raising and Public Meeting. On Thursday the 3d inst, there was a flag raising in the vicinity of Front and Market streets, and a public meeting at the Theatre at night. The flag which now floats on the pole in front of the room occupied as the Bell and Everettiiead quarters during the Presidential canvass is of red bunting, with a large white star in the centre, this star containing three small stars inside of each of its points. The assemblage at the flag raising was large and enthusiastic, and was addressed by Hen. W. S. Ashe and C. D. Allen, Esq., in able and spirit stirring speeches. . The large meeting at night was ably addressed by Robert Strange, R. H. Cowan and John L. Holmes, Esq., of Wilmington, and by John Moore, Esq., of Chatham, and Rev. Mr. Munds, of South Carolina. We have heard the speeches of all these 'gentlemen highly spoken of. Mr. Munds successfully combatted the prevailing notion of a prejudice existing in South Carolina against this State. Of the speakers at night it is noticeable that the ma jority had been what were called " oppositionists." N. C. Legislature. The Senate and House of Commons of this State re assembled at Raleigh on Monday last, the 7th inst. We find little in the proceedings of either House that chan ges the position of affairs, or indicates the future course cf the Legislature upon the one absorbing question of our Federal Relations. The bill reported by the com mittee on that subject, providing for a Convention of the State, was made the order of the day for Wednesday, (to-day.) A resolution asking the Governor for infor mation with reference to his action in regard to the Forts on the coast of North Carolina was laid on the table. We notice the introduction of certain Railroad bills, which it will be well enough for our Senator and Com moners to keep their eyes on. One of these is tbe Mil ton, Yanceyville and Junction ccmpauy, being a link in the chain of the Danville connection. The other is the Charlotte and Saint Catherine's, being a part of the new South Carolina central scheme to checkmate and tap our Wilmington, Charlotte and Rutherford Rail road. Under the existing financial difficulties of the country, of course these things do not amount to much, and therefore it is that they may be slipped through, at tention being concentrated on other matters. But in the event of a speedy st ttlement of existing troubles, we will see such a revival of business as has never been seen or thought of before. Things will spring forward as if by magic, ad charters granted carelessly as mere matters ot form will become stern realities. A full and satisfac tory settleraent of all pending difficulties, whether by Union or by Secession, would make little odds, so it be regarded as final and satisfactory, and we would see property at a value it never had before ; labor in demand at a rate of compensate n it Dever previously obtained, and a general prosperity prevailing without a parallel in the history of the country. It will net, therefore, do to neglect these matters, nor to look upon the scheme of a Road from Gourdin's Depot, on the N. E. Railroad, to Charlotte, as chimerical, simply because it is so under the state of circumstances now existing throughout the country. This state of things cannot last. There must be an end to it one wav or the other. Now, by the proposed line, Charleston will be placed practically as near Charlotte as Wilmington will be. There may be, perhaps, some ten miles in our favor, but practically, on a long line, that will amount to little or nothing, so that the object in view in building our skirt ing Road which was to keep our trade at home in our own S;ate, will be measurably defeated. It Hie Company. We publish in another column, a call for a mechanics' ajd working-men's meeting at the Court House to morrow night, the object being the formation of a Vol unteer Rifle Company. The gentleman who sends us the call, assures us that there are already some forty en rolled, and that it is confidently expected that sixty or seventy will j jin tc-morrow night. All that remains is for the citizens to come forward, and show their liberal ity by equipping them. We also publish elsewhere, a communication signed " citizen," having reference to the same subject. It is from an esteemed friend, who is ready and willing to do his part in pushing forward any enterprise which he urges upon the attention of his fellow-citizens. Our own impression is that we want a cavalry and artillery company, even more than we do rifle compan ies. In modern warfare artillery is the arm. In a coun try like ours, where rapidity of motion is so important a point, a due proportion of cavalry is a matter of vital importance. Of course we all hope, although few of us can believe, that all the clouds that impend over us will blow away without any actual storm or outburst. In any event, it can do no harm for our people to be pre pared. We learn that the bill appropriating three hundred thousand dollars for arming the State has been passed by the Legislature, and is now a law. The sum appears to us to be too small. A Corps d'Arme cannot be equip ped for less than fifty dollars each, if for that, conse quently, three hundred thousand dollars would hardly equip a respectable handful, to say nothing of maintain ing them. But perhaps it will do for a beginning, and that is all it can do for. The necessity for action may not arise, and in that event people will be willing to give the Legislature credit for prudence. If the necessity does arise, the verdict will probably be the other way. We would have much preferred Mr. Bledsoe's amend ment appropriating a million of dollars. The Legisla ture should settle the details in reference to the expendi ture of this money, as nearly es possible, so as to pre vent future squabbling, and relieve the Executive from unnecessary responsibility. A A CARD. The difficulty between Messrs. Rodman and Warren) has been honorably adjusted to the satisfaction of the parties and their friends. R. 8. DONNELL, G. B. SINGELTARY. Jan. 3d, 1860. " ?;tt,?.ff ffheld night in relation to the HlI. 2 nderB0?' Speeches were mad jus tofying Anderson g escape, and resolutions were adopts to D80 every exertion to prevent bis rendition. I Kss Wfl had tha pleasure of seeing John Spelman, Esq., of the Raleigh Sate Journal, in our town of Wed nesday.. Mr. Spelman looked aa well as usual, although somewhat fatigued from traveling all night We see by the State Journal received this morning, that he is already back at his post, and firing good States' Rights guns. m Accident. On Friday morning, 4th inst., a ne gro man named Tom, belonging to Mr. E. A. Keith, of this town, whilst assisting in loading the steamship Parkersburg, at one of the wharves, fell through the hatchway into the hold of the steamer, some twelve or fifeeen feet, striking his head and otherwise injuring himself. He was seriously but not dangerously hurt. $A report in the Northern papers to the effect that Governor Ellis bad given secret orders to seize or occupy the U. S. Forts in this State, or that they or any other U. S. property had been so occupied by State troops, is wholly without foundation. This rumor is said to have come from Wilmington. We doubt its having done so. Blather. A Washington dispatch to tha New York Tribune says : " The President remains firm in carry ing out the new and vigorous policy which has been adopted. He said recently, in reply to the suggestion of an apprehended difficulty in inaugurating Mr. Lin coln, If I live till the 4th of March, I will ride to the Capitol with old Abe, whether I am assassinated or not.' '' Now that sort of talk is ali stuff. Nobody wants to hurt the old man, and nobody dreams of assassinating " Old Abe." 'I he old fellows may ride as much as they choose. For the Journal. To the Editors cf the Journal, Wilmington : In view of the present state of the country you will par don me for offering some suggestions upon the best method of " arming the State,-" or of organizing a suitable military force for the protection of our " homes and firesides." Without stopping to discuss the propriety of preparing for a conflict. I wil proceed at once to the subject of " arm ing," premising that all our people think this at least pru-d-.nt. And if we are to arm let us do it effectually, not by halves ; not by an appropriation of $300,000, but by one cf one or two millions of dollars. Assuming then that the force first to be organized and in structed wi'l be a corps d'aniee " of 10,000 men. That is a complete army corps, consisting of the proper propor tion of all arms of Fervice, Light Artillery, Cavalry, Artil lery, Infantry and Riflemen. The whole to be divided into two Divisions, four Brigades, and eight, ten or twelve Regi ments, as may be deemed best. All the foregoirg is very plain and simple ; but there are some of the details that are not so familiar to each military man in the State, and on that point I propose to make suggestions. What propor tion of the different arms of service should be incorporated in this u corps d'armee ?" It is stated by the best writers on military organization, that experience has shown " the proportion of Field Artil lery should be from one ta four guns to 1,000 men, accord ing to the force of the army, the character of the troops of which it is composed, the force and character of the ene my, the nature of the country which is to be the theatre of the war, and the character ot the war. Similar considera tions must regulate the selection of the kinds cf ordnance and the proportions of the diflerent kinds." " The value and importance of an efficient Artifery in creases in proportion as the troops with which it serves are undisciplined and uninstructed." Assuming that our troops will be generally without much instruction in camp duties, or steadiness in presence of an enemy, we Bhould have the largest proportion of Artillery, say four gun3 to J, 000 men, or forty guns in all ; twelve of which should be light artillery that is, two batteries of 6 pounder guns and 12 pounder howitzers, in the proportion of four guns, ajd two howitzers to each battery. One bat tery of horse artillery, light six pounders, and two batteries of 12 pounder guns, and 21 pounder and 32 pounder howit zers. The strength of the Cavalry should depend very much up on the nature of the country and the character of the foe. If the operations are to be mostly in the field, and upon the soil of Eastern North Carolina, the Cavalry force may bo large ; but if the operations are to be confined mostly to the sea-board and coast defences, very little Cavalry will be necessary. Infantry, aud especially the sea-coast Artiller ists, will be largely in demand. 1 say Infantry, for though the attacks may be from the sea, yet Infantry will be re quired to constitute the great body of the army ; the men can soon learn to work the guns and mortars, besides using a rnubket when required. I have said nothing above about Rifled ordnance, because there is very little or none in this country. The Government has been experimenting with it, but none has yet, it is be lieved, been issued to the troops nor to the States. Without further discussing, in this paper, the number of horses and men, and the quantity and kinds of ammunition, I pass on to the organization cf a Company, Regiment, Bri gade and Division, and last, though not least, the general staff. The be6t organization for a company of Infantry or Rifle men, on a war footing, is one Captt-in and three Lieutenants, and 90 to 100 non-commissioned officers and privates. A Regiment to consist of one Colonel, one Lieutenant-Colonel, two Majors, one Adjutant, with the rank of First Lieuten ant ; one Quartermaster, aDd one Commissary, with similar rank with non-commissioned Staff all to be appointed by the Colonel ; one burgeon and one Assistant burgeon, (to be detailed from the Medical Staff by the Surgeon-General, to be described herealter,) and ten companies. A troop and regiment of Cavalry should be similarly constituted, except that the number of non-commissioned officers and privates should not exceed eighty. Artillery should be organized into Batteries and not Regi ments, tor field service. Artillery troops may be organized into companies, tor the service of heavy ordnance. To each Battery, with 100 men, there should be one Captain and four Lieutenants, or one Captain, one Second Captain, and three Lieutenants. The Briae should consist of two or more regiments, with such ether light troops attached aa the nature of the service it f ordered upon may require, usually a Battery of Artillery End a Squadion (two troops,) of Cavalry, with such light infantrv or riflemen as may be requisite for skirmishers and the like : sav one comDanv ol each arm to a icgiment in the Brigade. The whole to be com manded by a Brigadier General, who is allawed one Aid de- i amp, (Lieutenant ) one Assistant Adjutant General, (who may also be the Inspector General,) and one Quartermaster. The Division is formed by uniting two or tnree, or even four Brigades. The Maior General of Division has two Aidu-de-Camp, one Adjutant and Inspector General, one Quartermaster General, or Deputy Quartermaster General. The rank of the Assistant Adjutant General for Division should be Lieut. Colonel, and for Brigade Lieut. Colonel or Major, mere mould be a competent Adjutant General for the State, to orgacize, instruct, and from time to time in spect the several Regiments, Brigades, &c. There should also be a Quartermaster General and a Commissary General at general neaa quarters to organize tneir several depart ments that, more than all else, gives efficiency to an army in the field. The Surgeon Gerieral has charge of the Medi cal Department, Surgeons and Assistant Surgeons, Stew ards, Ac. The General Staff should be constituted as follows : One Adjutant and InsDector General, with the rank of Colonel ; One Quartermaster General, with the rank of Colonel, who may also be Commissary General ; One Surgeon General, with assimulated rank of Colonel ; One Assistant Adjutant General, with rank of Lieutenant Colonel : One Assistant Adjutant eneral, with rank of Major ; Four Assistant Adjutant Generals, with rank of Captains; One Asst. Quartermaster Gen'l, with rank of Lt. Colouel ; One Asst. Quartermaster Gen'l, with rank of Majjr ; Four Quartermasters, with rank of Captains ; Ten Surgeons, with assimulated rank of Majors; I welve Asst. Surgeons, with assimulated rank of Captains. One Paymaster General, with rank of Colonel ; Four Paymasters, with rank of Majors. The dutiea ot Quartermaster and Commissary of Subsis tence are so intimately associated, that they. may, for the purposes of this organization, be united under one chief. The general officers would then be : '- . " Two Major Generals ; Four Brigadier Generals ; Ten Colonels; Ten Lieut. Colonels ; Twenty Majors; 100 Captains ; 100 1st Lieutenants ; 100 2nd Lieutenants ; , " 100 3d Lieutenants ; 'v ' 10 Sergeant Majors ; 10 Quarter Master Sergeants ; 400 Sergeants ; 400 Corporals ; 200 Musicians ; 9,000 Privates ; It may be worth while to give a table of pay for these troops as now paid in the army of the United States. Yours truly, ... t ;FLAG Eaisino. We. understand that Tuesday after noon a flag was raised in the South-eastern portion of the town, in the section known as ' Dry Pond." The flag was the usual United States flag and raised as an antiHsecession .flag, we believe.' ""Some two or three gentlemen made; brief addresses, among the rest John A. Baker :and 0 G Parsley Eeqs.!? From the account given us we should judge that Mr. Baker's sentiments differed very little from ourown. He was in favor of union ift.with it, we could have Our rights without our rights he could .not see how a union could be or ought to be preserved. v r:v There were some fifty persons present, as we are in formed, and everything passed off quietly and without disturbance of any kind. Soots' to'IVak We see by the last number of the Marion, S. Q., Star that both the editors of : that paper have gone down to Charleston to do military duty. . For the Journal. r Union Meeting In Bladen County. Accoiding to notice previously given, a large number of the citizens of Bladen county assembled at the Court House in Elizabethtown, on Saturday, the 29th Dec., ritro e-rnirasinn tn their sentiments in regard to the present distracted and unsettled condition of afiairs. On motion, J. W. Russ, Esq., was called to the chair, and Messrs. H. R. Daniel and T. M. Sikes requested to act as secretaries. Thf chairman returned his thanks for the honor con ferred upon him, and in a few very appropriate remarks explained the object of the meeting, and announced the organization of the same and its readiness lor business. Prayer was then offered up by the Rev. Mr. Simpson, in behalf of the country ; and toe " star topangiea ian ner " was read. The chairman announced the following gentlemen as a committee to report resolutions for the adoption of the convention, viz : Messrs. J. A. Richardson, W. H. White, Jas. M. Register, D. J. Clark, C. H. Hudgins, Joseph El well, J. J. D. Lucas, Jones H. Allen, W. A. Atkinson, James McK. Mulford, Olin Tatom, John Cain, Dan'l Patterson, Nathan Bryant, Jas. Edwards, Arch'd Kelly, Duncan Kelly, J. B. Clark, W. a. Aiei vin and Ed. J. Cain. During the absence of the committee, several gentle men addressed the convention in good style all of them in favor of an immediate recognition of Southern Rights on the part of the Northern States ; the repeal or tbe statutes conflicting with the spirit of the Constitution and the decision of the Supreme Court, and against Se cession, only as a final resort. The committee returned and reported the following nreamhle ana resolutions, through their chairman, J. A. Richardson, which were unanimously adopted : WnEi Es, The people of the county of Bladen in conven tinn assembled, on Satordav.the 29th day of December, A. D. lk60, believing that they have " a right, to consult for the I'nmmnn ood." and that the unsettled condition of the country demands that they bhould take upon themselves that political power which their Bill of Eights declares to be vested in tnem ao n jreDy aeciare ana pui ionn me iui lowing resolutions as expressive of their feelings and opiri' ions concernine public affairs : Iiesolced, 1st, that the recent Presidential election disclo ses a sectional and anti-patriotic ieeling, prejudicial parti cularly to Southern Kights, and generally to the union and harmony of tne States at large, dui mat navmg Deen con ducted acordine to the provisions of the Constitution, it is of itself no just cause of secession, and manifests no such withdrawal of constitutional protection as to justify on our part a withdrawal of our allegiance to the laws and statutes of the General Government. 2d. That we believe that the interest and the honor of Nort i Carolina demands that there Bhould be a final and satisfactory recognition of the rights of slave property on the part of the Northern Rates, and a repeal by them of all such laws as come in conflict with the Constitution and the decision of the Supreme Court ; and that the time for such action on their part is now, before the inanguration of the Presidentelect. 3d, That in our opinion a dissolution of the Union of these States is a matter of too great importance to be precipita ted upon the country, and that we have not reached that crisis in our affairs when such a measure is necessary ; and that when the time shall come for us to look to this and as a final resort, we are in favor of a Convention with our sis ter States for consultation relative thereto. ith, That while we admire the independent course of South Carolina in maintaining her rights and her honor, we think she has too hastily dissolved her connection with the General Government, and in refusing to await concerted ac tion on the part of all the Southern States, she has aliecei herself from that community of feeling which is common to us, and has not treated our counsel with that degree of re spect which it deserved. 6i, That we still love the Great American Union, and are loth to dissolve that Confederacy which God by His Providence has so much blessed to the spread of human in telligence and liberty. 6th, That we approve of that portion of the Governor's message which recommends the arming of the militia, and we are opposed to any delay of the passage of the bill now before the Legislature for that purpose. Tin, mat we approve ot the holding of a Convention of the State as recommended by the majority of our Legisla tive committee on Federal delations, but think the time specified by them is too early. The session was characterized by harmony of sentiment and action. Oa motion, it was ordered that the secre taries of this meeting forward a report of its proceedings to the Wilmington Journal, with request that it be published therein, and that all the papers in this Con gressional District copy the same ; and that a copy thereof be forwarded to the Commoner and Senator from this county and district, to be laid before the pro per legislative committee. Oa motion, the meeting adjourned. J. VV. RUSS, Chairman. II. R. Daniel, ) o T. M. Sikes, Secretaries. BY TELEGRAPnT . For the Journal. Riflemen, Form I Messrs. Editoes: In view of the-contingencies which may shortly arise, consequent upon the disturbed condition of public affairs, the present time should be diligently im proved by the formation of volutteer corps, for the defense of our State and of our property. While our sister cities South have made effectual efforts to prepare for service a large body cf well-drilled troopswe here have been, apa thetic and idle in that respect. - We . should shake off; our lethargy at once, and, animated byS their "efforte, prepare ourselves for any danger, come from what quarter it may. Let some of our patriotic citizens take this matter in hand at once, and I will warrant the recruits will Boon be obtain ed. We have two excellent companies of Infantry- What we most stand in need of .now," is one or more Rifle Compa nies. - A battalion of four companies of Bifles could be wety filled up, if our citizens will only take the proper steps. ? f 7 The Legislature will soon supply us with Van proper arms and we have the material among us to make brave and effi cient soldiers then why delay ? If energetio measures aie speedily adopted, we may soon have in the field ap effective Bine corps. v-?4 .vfw-. y A' CITIZEN-- Treaty with ENEzri.--r-The "treaty 'recenily urutjaicu uy our minister -jo , enezueia contains a provision exempting citizens of the United States in that country from military service, as well as from the pay ment of the pecuniary equivalent ..which it has been the practice to exact from foreigners who refuse to servei. This exemption is of the greatest consequence to tran sient residents, who are so constantly liable to the arbi trary extortions practiced upon them in military times. TROOPS FOR FORTolr Boston, Januarv on." The Steamship Whitney has been m,L 'l Government to convey troops and mn;r H Tortugas, near Key West outopJ FROM WA8HI1SGTOX. Washington Citt, D. c "j Secretary Thompson resigned yesterd ' as the cause of his resignation, the dL Steamship Star of the West on Monday f0r of with two hundred and fifty troop? and - S MajorAnderson, without his knowledge provisiona fb, FROM NASHVILLE, TEXx Nashville, TeDD., ja'n ' The Governor's Message to the special 1 in session at Nashville, takes grounds bp atte nfa HAnaoatAn n 1 tk.l 4 V, i llDThrJ' cikc dcwooiuu, buu vuat tuc UtSllOn Of For the Wilmington Journal. Public Meeting In Richmond County. At a meeting of the citizens of Richmond County, ir repective of parties, held at the Court House in tbe Towu of Rockingham, on the 1st day of Jan., 1861. on motion of W. F. Leak, Esqr., the meeting was called to order, ana upon motion ot Mr. K. 11. Brown, Hugh McLean, Esqr., was called to the Chair, and John W. Cole, and James S. Knight, appointed Secretaries, On motion, the Chair appointed the following gentle men a committee on resolutions, viz : VV.-F. Leak, K. II. Brown, Jno. Shortridge, Jno. C. Knight, and Wm. C. Leak. The meeting was entertained by speeches from several gentlemeu in absence of the Committee, who on their return, submitted through their Chairman, W. F. Leak, PVrii" Ha C-Jlnnrino L! U 1 .iovji., me luuuniiij; i ccuiutiuua, wuicu were reaa sepa rately, and passed with acclamation : Iiesolved 1st. That the election of a purely sectional Pre sident, upon the princiDles enunciated before. anH ainn. the election of Lincoln, is just cause for alarm to the people of the Southern States. Iiesolved 2d. That in the present disturbed and alarming condition of the country, we are in favor of calling a Con vention at an early day, in order that the people cf North Carolina may take the -.natter in their own hands, with the understanding, that whatever be done, shall be submitted to them for ratification. Iiesolved 3d. That as yet, we do not advocate the with drawal of North Carolina! from the Confederacy, until all Bua.ii ue aone consistent witfi nonor and security ; yet, at iic oaiue nine, we aeciare max ine agitation of the slavery question must now be settled, without longer forbearance Resolved itk. That to this end we call unon North Car a lma in Convention assembled, and in the exercise of her ingnesi sovereignty, to aenne her position, and that too in language so unmistakably plain, that even fanaticism it- ueu, snaii noi De deceived, there b v. T 1 J r- . rr. - ovu uui, auau wo miuu uiave coae, oranv other kind of a cede, only asking that slavery shall rece'ive the same protection as property, aa is now extended to every other species of propertv. acrainst ' hnstilfl." or omr nth. nf loio!ni- -.a - , " J "'"v Resolved 6th, That we demand a renenl of all tw n. actment of the Northern States known as " Liberty Aid Bills, interposng between the master and his runaway Resolved 7th. That Concrsanow shall ignore the question of slavery in every manner, mat- v., cuap uu jujui ju mo dates, in ine lmtnct, and in the 1 erntones ; and that for this Durnose a rpasonahio timo ho given wnien reasoname time shall be decided by the Con- .cuiiuu.i onct nmcu. uuiess an nunnaiitiprtiv fnvnnh iMi. ponse be given, then we are the advocates of at once with- ui awing irum we conieaeracy, and you may call it revolu tion, secession, or whatever etaa vnn tUo Iiesolced 8th, That in the event that dissolution is inevit able, then we are unanimously in tavnr nt feceracy, and disapprove the idea of North Carolina being attached to a middle, or any other kind of Confederacy! ... UUutU c aio uuo m interest, one in sentiment, one in feeling, one in our social rftlatirm nn b. ct. ery thing calculated to impart prosperity, aa well as eive security to "hearth stone and altar."' ' pve Resolved 9th, That we regard the doctrine recently pro claimed in the Senate , of the United States by a Senator feBS?eJ and eQaorsed by the Black Rep tblican par ty, that the Federal Government should use force to coerce ".-V"0.1" "ueaicuce, wnicn tnrows itself upon its orieinal 1?VT. & c?ry, violative e j vuuoLiiuuon, Buoversive of the verv iounaatioBS of American freedom. Anil fin rr h t. nnt tv V a n V r2? l fr De momeIlt,lJ the;peoplef the Southern Resolved 10th, That in order to carry out the Sth resora, tion, and as a last resort, we renntrimcnH tw n ITkS to confer" era Confederacy " ' purpose of forming a South Resolved 11th. That th fore the two houses of onr Tiaia k X L-.a -D this Dktrict, and by the Comn?onerfrom"'thr80 oSE&'Sd 1?JJ to our wiXfn that ..uviuuvukijuiiib vonvenuon. - . r " " "I"- ouypwfc vi me resolutions by Messrs. W. F. Leak, R H: Hrown. w , t. xsf B. Cole, John Shortridge, L.-H. Webb, Jno. O. Knight and others. v ''. r ? .- On motion of ' Col. W. L. Steele, the resolutions Vere ordered to be sent to the Favetteviiie Ohaerrpr ami wjl mington Journal for publication, with the request that VUK, uuc papers copy.-' ; r ' ; Y - ' -r MUGH McLEAN, Ch'mn. Javfh h: it" Secretaries.-; ;'v vention be left to the people. Reco callintr . Cot i of the From the New York Daily Tribune, July 22. 1859; , rBEPABEi dixE. Little conveniences for general family tie, are often of more value than what are r.allArt "vrent in. yentions.'There: is no housekeeper, that has not been often annoyed by squeaky, rickety chairs, sofaa, tables, etc. which have become so by the. joints where they are put together becoming- shrunken and loose, and bo long as furniture is left in this condition,! there is constant danger v. . Mu-sgiun, isucn accidents as nreas- age of furmture do occasionally occur "in the beat regulat ed families. To remedy the annoyance and perplexity oc casioned by these troubles, we keep in the house a small quantity of Prepared Glue, which can be applied to the afiected parts by any person of ordinary skill, with much less troublethaa sending the article to a cabinet-maker, to say nothing of 'the saving. of . expense.- The kind we use is labeled '. Spalding's Celebrated, Prepared Glue-luseful In every family," and as we have found it a valuable addition to our cabinet of little conveniences," we fully concur in awitfitiaeat ft the abeL ?.v - ,-. the State and re-organizing the militia. OHIO ARD ILLINOIS. Cincinnati, Ohio,' Jan 9 ,fi(, The Governor of Ohio recommends the rp ' Personal Liberty Bill of that State. Say f ? must be preserved. e 'm Chicago, Jan. ouj,.., .... ""urUU8 ine Personal Liberty and other unjust laws. ruui viuvcruuis icuuiumuuu me re-ori?aii arming of the militia of their respective States. VIRGINIA LEGISLATURE, Richmond, Jan. 9tb l8n The Senate on yesterday passed the anti-coe'rcio The Committee appointed on caling a Conv have reported a resolution calling a National tion to amend the Constitution. 0CTa" ARRIVAL OP THE STEAMSHIP PALESTft New York, Jan.9th,is6l The steamship Palestine from Liverpool, on the ' ult. has arrived here. She brings no market mf! owing to the holidays. The American crisis is looked upon in EQr0M very serious matter. The general news is unimportant. IVKW YORK MARKET. AMhe close yesterday. New York, Jan. 9th, 186L Cotton firm ; sales of 5500 bales. Flour has fau 5 cents ; southern firm at $5 75 to $5 90 per hbL Wheat dull; white $1 50, and red $1 37 per k-v uorn declining ; mixea oo a u cents, and new tKt, and yellow 66 cents. Spirits Turpentine firm a;j; a 37 cents per gallon. Rosin firm at 1 25 for Cm mon. Rice steady at 3 a 3 cents ner lb News of the Week, CONDENSED FROM OUK TELEGRAFHIC DISPiTCHH A report was currently circulated on the 4th j& that four companies from Fortress Monroe had bean, dered to Charleston, and that the steamer Brookljnbi been ordered to get ready for a cruise, &c, Lt,H which turned out to be unfounded. The Florida State Convention met at Tallahassee the 3d, and adjourned over to the 5th inst. The South Carolina Convention has appointed gates to a Congress of the seceding States. The Virginia Legislature met on the 7th inst Get. Letcher in his message to that body is considered c servative. lie adopts some of Mr. Crittenden's views ; demands the best guarantees before an alfa with the North or South ; disapproves of South Car na's precipitancy ; is against a State, but favors & fc eral Convention. Both Houses have reported anti-coercion bills. Tk House unanimously adopted a resolution to appoki Committee to report a bill for a State Convention. The bill for arming the State was to come up t luesaay. ine convention question nas been made t special order for Wednesday. Jt will probably pas Purpose seems firm to resist coercion. A large meeting wa3 held in Norfolk on Satardaj last, at which resolutions were passed urging i Legislature to organize thoroughly tbe military power; the State, and prepare for civil war ; scorning coerck denouncing and preparing to resist invasion The United States' Arsenal and Forts ofM were taken possession of at day-light on the 3d inst, If tbe btate troops. They contained 73,000 sxt of arms fifteen hundred boxes of powder, three hci red thousand rounds of musket cartridges and otbem nitions of war. There was no resistance on the part k liovernment omcers in command In the State Convention of Alabama, in session r Montgomery, after considerable discussion andcouso tion, the preamble and resolutions offered by the secesii side, were put in such form as commanded the unanincs vote of the Convention. The preamble and resolutios are as follows : Whereas, The only bond of Union between tlie? eral States is the Constitution ; and whereas, that & stitution has been violated by a majority of the Si ern States, in their separate legislative action, deujis to the people of the Southern States their Constitatia al rights ; and whereas, a sectional party, known as Black Republican party, has, in tbe recent electix elected Lincoln to the office of President, and Hifi to the office of Vice President of these United 8 upon the avowed principle that the Constitution o!S United States does not recognize property in sk and that the Government should prevent its extec into the common territories of the United States ;t that the power of the Government should besoexerc that slavery shall in time be exterminated : Thf be it Resolved by the people of Alabama, in Com assembled, Tnat the State ol Alabama will not to the Administration of Lincolo and Hamlmasr dent and Vice President of the United States npoc principles referred to in the foregoing preamble. All the avaihble United Sates forces at Lavenw have been ordered by Gen. Scott to hold tbemseire readiness to proceed to Fort MeHenry.atBalUffljr'1 a moment's notice. . , f Gov. Jackson in bis message to tbe Legisla SnJnop in thP Union ES lODg te hope remains of maintaining constitutional gw; . opposes coercion ana congressional c-" - e At. t Militm. andJK1 mvuru me re-orgauizauuu ui .u.... , : - T) T-r. The Convention ot Mississippi met at Jacf.on , 7th inst., and organized. A committee ot P pointed who were instructed to prepare, sgw nrriinanro fnr inn immpHifttR secession Of tfie D 41.. 11 J I TT The Florida State Convention has pass Rt J: uruinance. oritrooDSi The Steamer Star of the West, with -1: cargo of provisions for Major Aouaw- - tiovo oolU fn- nharlcofnn fin RundaV l&Sl UJ Gen. Scott p.f q0m$ i Mayor Wood sent a message to the luy ,. , $ New York on last Monday night reco secession of the citv from tbe State, ana u ment of a free norL Iff r i- u oWtinn in W'i do iar as me returns irum "-v . n rec!"k delegates to the State Convention have disu -: it appears that there will be a very large j favor of immediate secession. i Senator Crittenden made an affective ami . j. tive speech in the U. S. Senate on Monday resolutions. ent sj Senator Toombs also spoke on tbe Po, afiairs. His remarks were ardently tor sc by inference admitted the possibility of coop ' The House on Monday adopted by m a resolution approving of Major Anderson s and sustaining tbe President in Vt(&T?l,DS r. tution and the Laws. Both Houses then auj till last Wednesday. Jlv an arrixrai of nw nrWna. ater aw- m- received from Mexico. It is reported that on Mframon was completely routed ?y occf tionalists, and that the Constitutional jtuit the capital. On Christmas day DelaT2aW Juarez goes to the capital on the 33 of J an mnnncal tV no has terminated. J Hugar.Post Master at Charleston jJJW tha Pfc fBtr Oeneral. that he holds Wtf Bible to the Federal Government for tbe re ing at his office, , .-tntf . For the present, therefore, postal arrw unchanged. .