Newspaper Page Text
THE WILMINGTON JOURNAL.
WILMINGTON, N. C, APRIL 5, 18G6. Mlsehicvou Misstatement. We publish elsewheij a letter from Mr. S. S. Ashley, in reply to our article of the 25th inst. "We said then that " Mr. Ashley no doubt did not desire -wilfully to misrepresent the action of the County Court of Sampson, but in a blind zeal for the negro, and a -wish to assist the Radicals in their content with the President, he has been lead into a misstatement, which his official position gives weight to at the North." It will be seen by a reference to the letter of Mr. Ashley, that we are borne out in this statement. He says he did not intend the letter for publi cation, which is doubtless true, but the letter was published; " neither," say Mr. Ashley, "was it an official statement." We quote from the New York Evening Post : "But while we write, a letter comes to us from another part of the South, which brings a sadly different story. Mr. S. S. Ashley, Super intendent of Schools for the National Freedmeris Re lief Association," (the italics are ours,) writes to the Secretary of that Society from Wilmington, North Carolina." Are we justified in saying that it was unofficial communication? "Such a statement as that of Mr. Ashley," continues the paper, "which we should not print except on the author ity of a responsible person, shows that the Civil Rights Bill, now before the President, is a neces sary precaution, as yet, in the Southern States." Did we do injnstice, in saying that Mr. Ashley was rendering assistance to the Radicals in their contest with the President ? lie may have dono so unintentionally. We trust he did. In regard to the duties of the County Court of Sampson, we respectfully refer Mr. Ashley to Chap ter Five of the Revised Code. The first section f this chapter makes it "tho duty of the several Courts of Pleas and Quarter Sessions to bind out, as apprentices, all orphans whose estates are of so small value, that no person will educate and main tain them for the profits thereof, and children whose fathers have deserted their families;" &c, and further, section third enacts that " the master or mistress shall provide for the apprentice diet, clothing, lodging, and accommodations fit and necessary, and such as are white, bhall teach or cause to be taught, to read and write, and the ele mentary rules of arithmetic; and at the expiration of every apprenticeship, shall pay to each appren tice six dollars, and furnish him with a new suit of clothes and a new Bible." The section further provides, that when it shall appear that any ap-; prentice is ill-used, or is not taught the trade, &c, to which ho was bound, or that any white appren tice is not taught reading, &c, the Court may re move him and bind him to some other suitable person. These provisions have been modified by the fourth section of an act passed by the late Legisla ture of the State, entitled " An Act concerning Negroes and Persons of Color or Mixed Blood," ratified on the 10th of March, 1866, which section is as follows : Be it further enacted, That in all cases of apprenticeship of persons of color, under chapter five of tho Revieed Code, the master shall be bound to discharge the same duties to theni as to white apprentices, and the words "as are white," in third section, line three, are hereby repeal ed, and the word "apprentice" shall be read after the word It will be thus seen that our law makes the same provisions for the maintenance, education and morals of the black as it does for the white child. This subject had not only the careful considera tion of the General Assembly, but of the Commis sion appointed by Gov. Holden, of which Mr. B. F. Moore, one of the ablest and most careful law yers of the State, was Chairman, and the recom mendation of this Commission was adopted, which we have quoted above. Does the native State of Mr. Ashley provide more carefully for black children than is done in North Carolina? To answer Mr. Ashley's question, as to.whether white children are bound out in the same manner, would be giving too much consideration to a slan der implied in the interrogation. Courts else where may know distinctions between persons, not recognized by law, but the judicial ermine of North Carolina is untarnished by a single blot, and Mr. Ashley will find, by a longer residence with us, that oui Courts respect neither persons or color in their interpretation of the law or in its execution. It is a matter of great regret that Mr. Ashley had not "awaited further information" before giv ing tho weight of his official name to what he will find to Ie false, that these " children " were, " by anaTmedand mounted police force, torn from their homes and carred to a forced and unnecessary ap prenticeship." The damage done is irreparable. The prints which publish, with such greedy avidi ty, reports derogatory to the South, will not make a correction, even when informed of the injustice done. Such statements are the life of the Radi cal party, the very meat and bread upon which they wax strong. We are gratified, however, at tho sentiments contained in the closing paragraphs of the letter, and regard it as a subject of congratulation to our community. Mr. Ashley has it in his power to do great good imong the class to which his labors are confined, :md also be of incalculable benefit to our whole people. Let him labor to renew that affection the negro once had for his master ; impress upon the black, that those who once owned them, among whom they have always lived, and upon whom they mut in future depend, are better friends than any strangers can possibly be ; that there is mutual dependence between the whites and blacks, for without honest, contented and reliable labor, the South will never recover from her pres ent prostration, and the future welfare of this country is as much dependent upon our black as upon our white population ; impress upon them the truths so forcibly put by the President in his veto, and especially the following : " The white race and the black race of the South have hitherto lived together under the relation of master and slave capital owning labor. Now. suddenly, that rela tion is changed ; and, as to ownership, capital and labor aro divorced. They stand now each master of itself. In this new relation, one being necessary to the other, there will be a new adjustment, which both are deeply interes ted in making harmonious." Let him do this and teach them good morals, habits of industry and the value of character, and we may yet be thankful that he and his co-laborers have come amongst us. But in the mean time he must permit us to be lieve that so far the influence of such missions here have been injurious. Feelings of distrust and hatred amon? the classes, have been en- - 0 - , - couraged, and many negroes who have heretofore had the confidence and respect of onr people, have, acting under evil advice, justly forfeited both, and will ere longdiscovertheyhavelostrespectfor them selves ; that they have alienated those whom na ture and nature's God intended should be their best friends. We accept the pledge given by Mrl Ashley, and earnestly pray that this humane pur pose may be crowned tfith success. Tlie Peace Proclamation. We publish elsewhere a telegram giving the gratifying intelligence that President Johnson has issued his proclamation announcing that peace has been restored to the country, and that the insurrection no longer exists in the Southern States. All honor to our noble President He has, so far as the power exists in the Executive, restored the States lately at war with the General Government to their rights under the Constitu tion and the laws. The responsibility now rests with Congress alone. They must immedi ately decide whether we are States or Territories; whether the South accomplished what it under took, the secession of tl& States. Tho effect of the proclamation must be salu tary upon every department of business and trade throughout the South. Everything going to fix the political statu of tho country satisfac torily, will encourage industry and stimulate trade. Renewed confidence in the friendship and pro tection of the Government, will foster kindly feel- ing and attachment among all classes of our peo - ple. While we have in tho Executive chair, one who has shown his devotion for and determina tion to protect inviolate te Constitution of the Country, without regard to pcisonal popularity or party success, with an eye single to the welfare of the whole country, we have much yet in the fu ture to hope for. All honor then to the Patriot and Statesman. Another L.eson of Congressional Morals. Having given two lessons from the Senate, of the exalted and honorable state of morality exist ing in that body, we have thought a lesson or tAvo from the House of Representatives might amuse, if not benefit our people. The Senate having, by a partisan vote, ejected Mr. Stockton, it was necessary to elect, immediately, a Radical in his place in order to vote against the veto of tho President, for it might be, without tho assistance of this vote, the measure could not be carried'by the required majority. Immediately upon the announcement of the re sult in tho Stockton case, Mr. Thaddcus Stevens, Chairman of the committee, of fifteen, the Recon struction Committee, so-called, sends t he following letter to Mr. Scovel, President of the New Jersey Senate : WAi-iii.varo", "March 2'i, IvSW. Hon. Janics 21. ScoCtty kc., fcc: Deah Sib : By all means hurry up your election. Give ua no conservative. A radical like yourseli or nothing. A Copperhead is better than a twaddler. We see hero tho spirit which controls tho House of Representatives. Irom the position held by Mr. Stevens he should, at least, not seek to con trol the action of a State Legislature, but as Chairman of tho important committee of recon struction, should labor faithfully and honestly up on his legitimate duties, for few men over had so great a responsibility upon their shoulders, and he will have to answer to future generations for its proper performance. But we fear that the reconstruction of the Government, the return of confidence and fra ternal feeling between the sections and the prosperity and glory of the country, are matters of secondary importance with the domi nant party. " Elect," says Mr. Stevens, "a radical like yourself, or nothing. " But Mr. Scovel proudly spits upon the appeal made to him by the partisan and insinuating proposition. The state of politi cal morals have a higher standard in Trenton than in Washington. Mr. Steveus had better attend to the duties of Representative from Pennsylvania, than interfering with seutorial elections. Honor and truth have been already sufficiently outraged in this New Jersey election case, and for the credit of a common country, we truly hope with this last exhibition, it is at an end. Petty Malice. We feel very little like referring to unpleasant matters, when we see in the renewed evidences sriven bv our noble President, that he is deter- mined to carry out his plan of reconstruction, in spite of the fanaticism and rage of the Radicals. The President has the cordial approval of every national man North and every honest man South, in his great work of reorganizing the Government, and Europe is loud in its commendation of the unselfish patriotism and enlarged statesmanship developed in the gigantic undertaking of Mr. Johnson. The President labors under many difficulties un known to his friends, and meets with opposition in quarters of which, probably, he is himself un- ttt m A n '1 1 conscious, we reier to onicers in me civil anci military departments of the Government. Many officers in the South doubtless, aware alike of their duties and our loyalty, and actuated by the feel ings which ever prompt gentlemen in official and private stations, are doing sill they can for the weal of the common country and the interests of those immediately under their charge. They are giving to President Johnson a cordial support, and in doing so they but pursue that course which truth and justice to us demand, and which their own consciences approve. But from several anonymous letters written from this State, and particularly from this part of the State, we see that there are some amongst us who are willing and anxious to slander and vilify us at the expense of truth and decency, of official dignity and honor ; and we desire respectfully to call the attention both of the Mili tary and Bureau Chiefs in this State to these loose and unofficial statements of their subordinates, which aro doing more than all other causes to mako their departments unpopular and to check the returning feelings of kindness and aliihation of our people towards those of the North. If our people are untrue in their allegiance to tho Constitution; if they violate the military orders of the Government, or fail to comply with the reg ulations of the Freedmen's Bureau, let them be reported to the proper departments, and give them a hearing before the tribunals set up for our military government; but let no cparte and false statements be permitted to be published in jour nals that not only desire wilfully to misrepresent us, but would prefer to undermine the foundations of the Constitution itself than, by doing justice to our section, jeopardize the success of party or en dorse the confidence the President has manifested in us. These false representations are made to readers already embittered to our section, who have nurs ed their wrath for yours, beemt.c we held negroes in slavery, and their enmity ha increased until it engulphs in its fanti"d vnoni evn f--djng of humanity and sympathy . y lib-.no) the ostensible cause has ceased to exist. 1 Among other letters which have fallen under our eye, is one from Mr. W. II. H. Beadle, late Brevet-lit -CoL in charge of the Freedmen's Bu reau in this District, which for coarse, unfeeling and nntruthf ul representation of the stato of society and the loyalty of our people, is second to none, and has but the simple virtue of letting our people know to whom they are indebted for the slander. Mr. Beadle came amongst us with hatred in his. heart, and having remained sufficiently long to supply material for party success, he leaves a ser vice which we foel assured will not suffer from the loss. We have often heard complaint made that our people do not receive the officers in charge of tho Southern departments with that courtesy and ci vility which is due them personally, or officially. This can hardly be wondered at when we have so many instances of the hostile feelings which actu ates these men and their very great want of appre ciation of us. Certainly Mr. Beadle must have felt complimented that so ignorant, prejudiced, embittered and disloyal community did not invite him to their family circles. But in all candor, are men actuated by the feel ings of hostility to the government and to us, ex hibited in the letter we publish below, calculated to re-establish the popularity of the government, to render assistance to the President in his Hercu lean task, or to benefit the negro and make him the contented and harmonious laborer and good 1 citjzeu wujci should be and doubtless was the ob- ject of the establishment of the Bureau V On the contrary, we regard such men as incendiaries who poison the Northern mind and corrupt a class in our midst upon whom our prosperity depends, and in whose moral and social welfare wo are greatly interested. We siucerely hope we are rid of Mr. Beadle and forever. His letter is as fol lows : From the Utica srorning Herald. Tilings iit "Wilmington. RortH Carolina. The following extract from a letter written by Erevet Lt. Col. ieae, late Provost Martini of the 21st Cou gressionid District of Now York, to a friend in this city, clearly shows the feeling entertained by the citizens of the old North State toward the Government : Wilmisotos, C, March 17th, lm'u 2Ji Dear W.l am superintendent of this district, and have been administering justiee, wholesale and retail, to freed people and white offenders against their rights, por tion and property. If I had time to give the whole rela tion, 1 would .s'ay wuiiething of the condition of things here. Let itsufiice, however, the radicals are right. Thaddeus Stevens' last speech strikes mo ad being jut right. You' know North Carolina formerly ttuod cry low in the scale of intelligence. Just take all that eld ignorance and pre judice, with bad moral-, an 1 slow interest, and engraft upon it all the excitement of the war, the bitterness en gendered by the slirewu leaders, irom Dad motives, the bad passions aroused, the tiled of live years reign of ter ror which the war was; to them, the ruined fortunes, deso lated hornet?, loss of property by the war. and Io.as of iuv lency tCornfed I, families broken up ami embitt. red bv casualties and the abolition of lacry, and you can reach only a faint idea of the prevent rancor, deep-scat d hot red toward the Government, and mean disloyally which ac tuates many of the people of this State. I know what the words mean that I use, and I have reached my judgment sadly and unwillingly. Unless North Carolina improve her habits toward the tree labor er, and her treatment of the qucatiou generally, she should not be admitted in for fifty yeary -ot until a new class gets control. There are Yankees and Union men hero good and true but they do not rule. The local police or niilitaiy are in very many cases only armed eueiQuv. The police force of this city, i.j the worst lookin inert vulgar, du ty, brutal appearing class of men I ever saw not in the criminal box.' I prefer almost any late in ther than do an act bo mean a to be arretted by yueh men. I should never have any telf-rcipcct afterwards. Iuto MH-h hands roust yxr. t),- xr- uti'M of r invtiod civil lan-. YV. IT. II. Ik Wc regret exceedingly to be compelled to refer to these matters. None more than our&elvcs can desire to see the bickerings and jealousies between the section- i an cud, and especially do we regret to witness daily the exhibitions of malice and ill will towards us by those vvlio.se official positions give weight and authority to their statements abroad. And while wc- are willing and desire to show all respect to tho:-c in authority, oi thor;e who have been, yet when they descend from t heir official positions to abuse and malign our people, by anonymous or acknowledged communications in Northern papers we regard, our duty as clear and well defined. They roy -trike, but must receive in return. Another Kirc in Darlington. We regret to learn that Darlington in South Carolina, was visited by another fire on last Sat urday night. Some fifteen buildings were de stroyed most of them lawyers offices. This tire. we learn, occured near the scene of the late one, an account of which we have heretofore published. Another Fire. We learn that a store at Lynchburg, on the "Wilmington and Manchester Railroad, was burned last Sunday night. "We are informed that the store was pretty well tilled with goods, but have not heard at what amount the loss is estimated. Tlie University. We are under obligations to Ex-Governor Swain for a copy of the catalogue of the University of North Carolina, for the years lStil-'Oo-'Ot). We learn from it that the number of graduates since the beginning of the war, is as follows : Iu 1801, 80 ; 18G2, 21 ; 1808, 8 ; 1801, 7 ; and 18(5"), -1. There has been since the foundation of tlvis ven erable Institution 1,720 graduates. The faculty now consists of twelve Professors and Tutors. There are present sixty 1w. under-graduates to wit : Seniors, o ; Juniors, 1) ; Sophomores, '.V.) ; Freshmen, 20. There aro also twelve 1 iw and eleven partial course students, making a total of eighty-eight. We notice that five of the students are Irom this city, to wit ; Sophomore Class, Goo. A. Thomas, and W. A. Wright, Jr.; Freshman Class, Thomas C. Deltosset, John Mcllhenuy and Piatt I. Wal ker. If there is one effect more deplorable than the others, resulting to our country from the late war, is that so many of our young men of the present generation will be compelled to grow up without the advantages of a liberal education. How much it behooves those few who are more fortunate, to labor zealously and unceasingly, to be able to meet in the future, the additional responsibilities devolving upon them. Testimony of ;.iciu.l lire. We surrender our spa , lo-day, to the testimony of Gen. Lee before the Reconstruction Committee. No one will fail to read it carefully, and all will be impressed with the earnestness with which this great soldier and christian patriot entered into the late war, and having surrendered, how truly and nobly he has acted towards the Government, and the confidence he has in hi: fellow-citizens, and his trust in their loyalty, Those who have kept pace lately with the dis graceful and dishonest transactions occuring in Washington, will rise from the perusal of this plain and truthful statement of facts, with a better opin ion of his fellow-man. Haebok Master's Rei-oht. We have received from Mr. G. W. "Williams, Harbor Master, a report of the arrivals of ves3els in this port during the month of March, which I will no doubt prove interesting to those who desire the welfare and commercial prosperity of our city. The num j ber of vessels named in the report ia much larger than we imagined, and goes to show that v.c are nut far behind many of our sister Southern cities in commercial inter- courue with the outside world. The report speaks for lt telf and does not require a more extended notice. ' HARBOR MASTER'S KSPORT 01" THE V:-IEK OF VESSELS ABRITED AT POIiT OF WIEillV'i TOy, V. C, FOB THE MOTH EXMSli MARCH 31&T, 1866. Steamers, . . , .10 Barques, .......... 2 Brigs, 4 Sehboners, ..... f - 46 Total, 62 wifh an aggregate tonnage of .14,832 tons Of the above there arrived from foreign ports 4: and coast wise 58. G.W. WILLIAMS, Harbor Master. The Freedmen's Code. We shall begin the publication to-morrow or the day following, of the Code of Laws, reported jb the commission, authori zed by the Convention and appointed by the Provisional Governor, upon the subject of Freedmen, and passed by the late Legislatme., They will be printed with greatcare and precision. We will complete the publication of the whole in time for their insertion in our next weekly issue. We have received a. letter from a highly es teemed friend in Rockingham, Richmond county, transmitting us money for the continuance of sub scription for the Daibi Journal. He informs us x that we may look for many new subscribers from that section as soon as the rjeople realize some thing from their crops, but at present they have little or no money and business is unusually dull. The want of money and the general stagnation in all branches of industry, are having a deleteri ous influence upon all business undertakings, and newspapers have also to contend with a want of mail facilities, but as long as we are cheered and aided by kind friends, as the one who sends us material assistance from Rockingham, we will con tinue to make the Journal a Avclcome visitor, and shall do all in our power to render it more and more worthy the patronage of its friends. It is useless to add, we would be pleased to hear from our friend often. Can't he let us know how the good people of his county are getting on ? Our readers in the upper parts of the State are in terested in knowing the crop prospects and busi ness success of their friends in the lower counties, and rice versa. Wo are endeavoring to get up a correspondence from various counties, so that we can be advised at all times of the progress and prospects of our people under the new order of things and the changed system cf labor. Our friends therefore'-iu the several counties of the State, arc invited to correspond liberally with us. From tho Ilaleigh Standard. The following letter was writen by a gentleman whose Union principles rendered the climate of Florida rather uncongenial to him during the late rebellion, in consequence of which ho left tho State and was appointed by President Lincoln Consul at Matanioras Mexico. Tho letter was ad dressed to Hon. - David. S. Walker, Governor of Florida, and was published in the Qmanonvcalih, Quiney, Fhu, and we copy it beeauso it refers to the trial of Maj. John II. Gee, now progressing before a Military Commission in this City, when anything connected v.ith the trial, or with tho prisoner, nre listened to with interest : Tallahasle, March 17, 1866. lo His Ex'-eVucy Hiri l . Walker, Governor of Florida : l-iip.: On my recent return from being a refugee on ac count cf the latu wicked rebellion, I was grieved to learn that Dr. John Gee, of Gladsden County, was being tried for his cruelty to Federal prisoners, while in command at ths military prison, Salisbury, N. C. I know nothing of the facta, but I know the num, have known him ir.ell a"id He was Assistant Surgeon m Gen. Licgh Read's brigade, Florida war, in 1840 and 41, aDd beloved by all who shared his acquaintance. In tho Fall of 1850, when about to return from California, the cholera was raging fearfully at Sacramento City. ( Such distress I never knew. ) Dr. Johrr Gee threw himself and his fortune into the breach, for weeks not even undressing his person, gather ing some from the streets, providing them with rooms, blankets, and nursing, at his own expense, not even no ticing their names. I wish I had the power to picture his acts of kindness to the suttering poor, far away from home, no hopes of reward except tho approval of hia own heart. I was "knowing to his spending "in thi3 meant;, his own funds, till he had no funds lert to return home. (I came home with him. My knowledge in detail of hiB kindness, gives nie proof that "he possessed the noblest attribute of man. He ia high minded, truthful, and honorable. I do not believe he could be influenced to disseniulate and mis represent, even to ave bis own life. I am fully convinced of the barbarous treatment of prisoners, but 'no man of my acquaintance, could I leas believe capable of cruelty, than Dr. John Geo, and must hope that yet it may be shown to be not intended cruelty. Governor, you know I have a right to complain of the abuses of the late rebellion, and verily believe many now released by my governmint, should liot have been. Yet, I oan't feel that one of tho best men lever knew baa turned demon. You can, if yon think my remarks worth any thing to the cause of humanity, use them as you think best. This token of my fetling is not known or expected by his friends, for one ho ha so publicly bf-en denouiiffd an your humble servant. 1 am. Governor, with high respect. Your obdt servant, C. II. BLOOD. Clrgyinii Killt-tl tioing to u Funeral. Corpse It (turns to Life. -THe The La Crosse Republican has a correspondent, who was recently visiting at West fiend, (Wis.,) when he learned the following facts, which are substantiated by Hon. F. O. Thorpe, who resides at West Bend : " On Saturday, the 3rd inst., at West Bend, the Rev. Mr. Miller was called to go into the country a few miles from town, to preach the funeral ser man of Mrs. Lambert, who was supposed to be dead, hhe was arrayed m her funeral attire and placed in her coflin. It appears that Mr. Miller was the owner of a fractious horse, that was some times unmanageable, and Avonld run away. He was to pass through a timbered country, and on account of snow-drifts the road was almost impas sable, and from this fact the horse succeeded in throwing the minister from tho cutter. From ap pearances Mr. Miller was thrown with great force upon a large oak stump that was filled with short knots. One of these knots came in contact with and severed the jugular vein. " When found, life was almost extinct from the loss of blood. He was taken to the nearest house and medical aid at once procured, but he only lived a short time. The cutter was found some distance from where the accident occurred, and the horse detached from it. But the most singular developement of this sad and mysterious affair is yet to be told. Furtherinformation proves that Mrs. Lambert was not dead, but had been in a trance for two days, presenting every indication that life had departed. She is now improving, and ex pected soon to recover. She states that she could hear every word spoken, and could realize the preparations her friends were making for her fu neral, but could make no resistance or move a muscle of her body. Her grave had been dug. She now lives, and the minister who had been called to preach her funeral now lies buried in the same grave made to receive her last remains." Ahea or the United States. Hon. Mr. Har lan Secretary of tho Interior, in a recent letter to the Rev. .T. C. Fletcher, replied to a question con cerning the territorial extent of this country in order to afford the latter certain data for compar ing the area of Brazil with that of the United States. The following is the result first in acres: Acres. lotal area of the public lands of tho States and Territories l,-100,54y,033 Total area of those states whore there arc no public laiidtj 176,54(1,500 Area of Indian Territory. 44,154,240 Area of District of Columbia. .-. ' 38 100 Grand total of area of the United States in acres .... j21 288 233 Or three ttnUkmn tiro thousand and thirteen square mite. This does not include the area of the great lakes just within and forming a portion of our Northern boundary ; neither does it include the marine league on the coast. Brazil, in 1843, had an area of 3,004,460 square miles ; but it is estimated that since the settlement of her boundary lines with several of the adjacent countries, her area has increased to 3,100,000 square miles. European Russia has an area of 2,142,504 square miles, and all the other countries of Europe have a total of 1,687,020 square miles. "I don't miss my church so much as you sup pose," said a young lady to her minister, who had called upon her during her illness, "for I make Betsey sit at my window, as soon as the bell be gins to chime, and tell me who are going to church, and whether they have got anything new." T The Buffalo (N. Y.) Commercial says that among most wuo appiy ior lodging at tlie station houses II , J, " , . , -"V" me name 01 one, now seventy-one years of age, who was formerly classed among the wealthiest mea 6f that place, OUR RALEIGH CORRESPONDENCE. Iiaieigh since the Adjournment of the Legislature Dan Cariello a Public Beixef 'actor Despondency of the People Kv- Governor Swain and his late visit to Washington His opinion cf the President State Cotton Governor Graham and the Recon struction Committee Trial of Major Gee Gene ral Martin and Judge Battle before the Court of In quiry Judge Fowle General Demoralziation of the People Imposing Xegro Funeral TJie Meet- " ing of the Council of Stale, &c, &c. From Onr Own Correspondent. Raleigh, N. C, March 30, 1866. Messrs. Editors : I am reminded by the daily arrival of your very interesting Journal that you luwe my promise to send you an occasional letter, giving some intelligence of matters and things here at the seat of Government, if, indeed, this be a " seat of government." Since Congress declined to recognize Gov. Worth and the General Assem bly I suppose Raleigh has lost the dignity of the Capital of a State. The dullness of Raleigh, you know, is some what proverbial. Since the adjournment of the Legislature and the removal of the many bright lights, by the influence of which our little city was wont to shine during the session, the tendency here has been decidedly toward stagnation. Dan Castello may be regarded as a public benefactor for coming with his Circus and his clowns at the time he did. But for him we do not see how we could have borne up against our grief at the de parture of our legislators. We are glad to know that he met with the success that his philanthropy merited. For two or three days the Circus was the centre of attraction, and not all the missiona ries, foreign and domestic, that are likely to visit us for years will cause the shrunken purses of our poverty-stricken people to open so widely and pour forth their contents so liberally as did this hero of the Circus ring. So much for knowing how to approach the people in the right way. The clown certainly understood how to speak to the pocket, if not from the heart. Our people generally are still despondent as to the political prosijects of the South, and expect no re lief in their financial and business troubles till our status is fixed. However, we are not without some favorable indications, and the knowing ones arc inspired with strong hoxDes by the unwavering policy and lirrn stand of the President, as illustra ted by him afresh every day. Wc are just in re ceipt of the news of his veto of the Civil Rights Bill, a measure fraught with more evil to us pro bably than the Freedmen's Bureau Bill itself. Lx-uovernor Swam who came from Washing ton, and was in this city last week, is, wo learn, more than ever pleased with President Johnson, whom he regards as one of the great statesmen of the age. Governor Swain went on at the request of Mr. Treasurer Battle, to make another effort to recover some of the Stale cotton, that was seized by Federal Officers and Agents after the sur render of General Johnson last spring. He was not, we believe altogether successful in his mis sion, though he experienced gratifying courtesy and kindness at the hands of the officials with whom he was brought into contact. Crovernor Graham s letter to the National Intel ligencer, complaining of the action of the recon struction committee, in refusing to permit him to cross examine the witnesses summoned to testify as to me present loyalty of this State, and have others cited to appear, made a highly favorable impression on the fair minded in and out of Con gress, we are informed, and was looked upon as the first indication of vital energy among our Senators and members elect. Our city papers keep you posted as to matters purely local, llio trial ot Major Gee has been ad journed over lor a week or so, but we see several gentlemen m town awaiting their turn for examin ation, as witnesses in the case. Among them is jen lo. Kj. ALartin, late of the Confederate service, who was summoned, however, originally to give evidence before the Court of Inquiry now in ses sion here. Judge Battle was here last week as a witness before the same Court, but it is said he was asked only a few questions in regard to cer tain cases lie had decided, or it was supposed he had decided on habeas eorps, durine: the war. On Monday next commences the session of our Superior Court. So far on the circuit. Judge Fowle, who is to preside here, has had but few cases to try, but it is said his charges to the grand juries have caused the members of the bar to con- cieve a high opinion of his qualifications for a seat on the Bench. There will be tried here, in all probabity, only three cases, and a few indict ments for thefts of horses and mules, a crime that nas become wotully common throughout this sec tion of the State. It is to be feared it will be many years before the people of this country re cover from the demoralizing influences of the war through which we have passed, and being reduced to poverty, has discovered a propensity to steal in many a man who used to pass for honest. The burglars, whom the activity of our town authori ties had frightened into a temporary, disuse of their art, are said to be again lurking about our streets at night and finding their way through some insecure window. A day or two since quite an imposing funeral procession of freedmen was seen passing through our streets. The poor negro who had died was a member of the league of "United Brethren," and the pall bearers and many others who attended the beir as friends of the deceased were decorated with striking insignia of mourning. We seldom ever have so long a procession of white people. It is announced in the papers that Gov. Worth has called a meeting of tho Council of State a week or two hence. I do not know the purpose for which the call is made, but presume it is with reference to the appointment of Directors of the Literary Board, and Board of Internal Improve ments. When I next write I hope to have more informa tion to give you than at present, Yours truly, D. MIscliicvous Misrepresentations. Editor of the Daily Journal Dear Sik : In your paper of Sunday last, an editorial charges me with making a " Mischeivous Misrepresentation. " 1 did write the paragraph which you censure. But it was not written for publication, neither was it an " official " statement. I received the statement from a reliable official source. "Un doubtedly, white children are liable to be bound by the same law under which the Countv Court of Sampson acted. But the Freedmen's complaint is, that their children were apprenticed in the parent's absence, without the parent's knowledge, and upon the affidavits of the persms seekingthe possession of the children. It is also complained that some of these apprentices, if not twenty-one years of age, were able to take care of themselves and were doing so. My information places the age of some at twenty-one. Are white children iiound out in this manner ? If so, I will cheer- iuny puoiisn me lact at tne .North. As to the em ployment of force in taking theso apprentices, I await further information. In all official and private representations con cerning " the situation " at the-South I mean to be just. I labor and pray that there may be such an adjustment of feelings and affairs that a truly fra ternal intercouse shall result among and between all parties in this community. I shall write and speak no word for irritation or mischief. I shall give no advice against the peace, the good and the prosperity of this community. I pledge my influence in promoting good order and justice, irrespective of race or color. Yours truly, w.f . . S. S. ASHLEY. ' Wilmington, March 30, 1866. " The Cabinet axv the Veto. The President con vened the Cabinet at an early hour to-day for the purpose of submitting to them the veto message but one member, of the Cabinet was previously consulted in regard to it, and of course the others knew nothing until thev heard it TAAfT (McCnlloch and Welles fully endorsed it, while ' ""VI IlbUVO U1I ' opeea, rianan and Dennison gave no endorsement of it No suggestions were nfade by aWmtmter jof the Cabinet; TFs. Cor. NVWoVkt . THE, LATEST NEWS T E LEG R A P h B Y Tlie Connecticut Gubernatorial Election, THE PRESIDENT'S PROCLAMATION Dr.Cr ,Mv PEACE. AlllNl ARRIVAL OF HON. A. II. STEPIIEXS 1 vv INGTON. "the kew jersey l eg is LA T Vl: ' Washington, D. C, April 3,1, v Telegrams to the press, received from Connecticut dicate the election of Hawley for Governor, by n Hma!!,. jority. " Tho Presidents proclamation declaring the insui n ( t; at an end, ia published to-day. It assertu that tl ,., .' '' tution provides for constituent communities only its St at"" and not as territories, dependencies, province f,i j..rut' toratcs, and that such constituent "States niui-t t!i. r( )l,l necesBarily be made equals and placed upon a lik.. bui'', as to the political rights, immnniticH, dignity, nn,l j,,,!" with the several States with which they are unit It declares standing armies, military occupation, iar tial law, military tribunals, and the tuspc tisioii (.f , ,' privilege of the writ of habeas corpus, in times ( f a as dangerous to the public liberty, incompatiUc wj-i, ' individual rights of citizen, and contrary t tin and spirit of free institutions, and exhaustive of t;,,. tional resources, and ought not therefore to be thc,, ed or allowed, except in cases of actual necessity f.,r' ri' pelling invasion or suppressing insurrection or n l; and further, that the people of the Southern Nlt. given satisfactory evidence that they acquienceiu th-.,v ereign and important resolution that each Stato oiit j remain and constitute an integral part of tlicriji States. Nothing further than the above is said about i. V.. of Habeas Corpus, neither does tho proclaniati,.n liia . any allusion to a general pai'don. Hon. Alexander II. Stephens arrived in this city day. M, r. Trenton, X. J. .j.nl ;;, The Senate hag again refused to go iuto joint .- i( the House to elect a United States Senator in p!a.v ,, r Stockton. Mr. Scovel made a speech saying 1. w.ml,! n .t surrender his position, and that he would not xubnut t,, dictation from any party or clique. There was i-nn-Mr. ble excitement when tho vote was announced. CongrexN, Washington, D. C, April ::. w,,;. The Senate adoptod the resolution calling upon t h,- s. . crctary othe Treasury and Postmaster General iv,!; whether, since December, persons have been admiti.-d t hold oftice under those departments without ta! iir,' t;,.. oath prescribed by law. The House was engaged in the contested e.vti.,i; , of Dodge against Cro. Decision of the United htatts Supn m- t omi, ' Xj:w Voki', April ::, 1 -',. Some months since liowlcn, ililligan and Ifoix- , ( lans, were tried and convicted on the charge of cuii-.;i,t, , by a Military Commission, aud sentenced to be haii'.cil. President Johnson commuted then fcenteiiccs to imj i !.,; .. ment for life. The case was brought before the 1'nitoi K!ntfa Cnn.ni I . 1-.. I'll ii . ,i ought to be discharged from custody, and that theMilit.:' Commission had no legal jurisdiction to try tie im. Sciv York. Mat Ki t Nrw YoiiK,.Aniil .:. CorroN. Has a declining tendency, fvilc "oh i, . SO iO. Gold, 23 1 cent preiu. The Case of Bradley T. JohnMnt. Baltimohl, April l. In tho case of Bradley T. Johnston late of the O rate Army, recently held to bail in this city to anaw r t. indictment for treason, tho President has iutorpo-f ;u ordered the abandonment of the case. itw Jersey Radical. Tketon, X. J., Apr;! The licpublicans have nominated A. S. Cattell for s, tar. Mr. Scovel was not in tho caucun. From the Raleigh Sentinel. Freedmen's Bureau. We are indebted to the Assistant ConnjuVsi.,n, of the Freedmen's Bureau, at this place, fnrtL following official copy of an order lust issin .1 :. the subject of marriage. It will be perceive d that it is framed in conformity with the recent art ot' our State Legislature "concerningnegroe.sandp j sons of color or of mixed blood " : BUEEAU OF REFUGEES, IREEDMEN AND Ali.VNI'OM l' LANDS. Headquarters As,st. Comm'r, Staff of X. A. Raleigh, N. C, March 21, 1m'.. circular, ) No. 2. f In accordance with instructions from M.ji General O. O. Howard, Commissioner, the follow ing extracts from chapter sixty-eight, U m Code of North Carolina, and from an act rat i!i l on the tenth day of March, eighteen hundred aul sixty-six, entitled "An Act concerning Yp- . and Persons of Color, or of Mixed blood." are published for tho instruction of freedmen en tin subject of marriage. 11. 1 he only persons authorized f o m1 n;:.i the rites of matrimony are "ordained Mini.-tc rs f the Gospel of every denomination and Justices i the Peace." III. License to marry may be procurred l v i i plying to " the Clerk of the Countv Court of tL County in which the woman resides." IV. "Lvery Justice of the Peace, or Miniver"! ho Gospel, who may solemnize the rites of mat:;- mony, .shall, within three months thereafter. tnn. mit to the Clerk of the Countj Court of theCoiu ty wnerem sucn marriage may nave been celebra ted, a certificate, in writincr. of the same, indole 1 on the license or otherwise; which certific ate pro perly indorsed, the Clerk shall record in a U' kept for the purpose, within ono month after it- reception; and such record shall be deemed"' facie evidence of the marriage." v. iuamage is proniuiteu to "females und.rti age of fifteen years, and males under the at,'' 1 ! sixteen ;" also "between wersons nearer of kit: than first cousins," and " between white m r-i and persons of color.". VI. In all cases where men and women, both ' i one of whom were lately slaves, and are now e nui cipated, now cohabit together in the relation ( i man and wife, the parties shall be deemed t lwV( been lawfully married as man and wife, at the tint' of the commencement of such cohabitation. hough they may not have been married in ip brm of the law. And all persons whose cohabita tion is hereby ratified into a state of marrinc'-- shall go before the clerk of the court of pleas au fi rt n t.l- " 11. 1 " 1 1 ii .. V. 4uuii sebjnjiis ui me county in wnicn 1 side, at his office, or before some justice t ti - peace, ana acKnowJeago tho lact of such e eiiuu iw ion, and the time of its commencement: and ti. clerk shall enter tho sam j in a book kept for tU purpose; and if the acknowledgment be made 1 ' foro a justice of the peace, such iustice shall r -1" ': the same in writing to theclerk of tho court : pleas and quarter sessions, and tho clerk shall tu- ter tue same as though the acknowledgment been made before him. and such entry .shall 1 : deemed prima facie evidence of the allcpdio! ; therein contained. For making such entry a: 1 giving a certificate of the same, the clerk shall 1 entitled to a fee of twenty-five cents, to be paid ' : the party for whom the services are rendered. an V SUch ter SOnS Khali fnil rrn Yatnvn bi ckn V X w J t"" of the county court, or some justice of the pt 'K" of the county in which they reside, and hare tit'-" marriage recorded before the first day of Sept ber, 1866, they shall be deemed guilty of a nii meanor and punished at the discretion ot ' court, and their failure for each month tkeicaitt; shall constitute a separate and distinct offend- VII. All officers and agents of this Bureau vl; take means to publisS the foregoing rules h1 ;l freedmen within their districts, so that none w'1) be left in ignorance on this important subject -By diligent instruction and urgent appeals to tia cbnscience of the colored people, it is hoped th the evils and vices now prevalent among the,r may be corrected. Official. 1 E. WIHTTLESEV, CoL and, Asst. Commission Fred. H. Beeches, 2d Lt., 3rd U, 8. Inf. & A. A. A.