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THE WILMINGTON JOURNAL.
ENGELHARD Ss PRICE, Proprietors, To whom aU Letters on Business must be addressed. Terms cf Subscription. Weekly Paper, one year. inTariably in advance, $3 00 Do. Six months, " 44 44 .... 2 00 Daily Paper, one year, invariably in advance, $10 00 " six months, " " 5 00 " three months, " " 3 00 " one month, " " 1 00 From the Louisville Journal The Raids of Death. On his phantom steed, with passion's speed, Death sweeps on his circuits wide ; Through every zone he rides alone With dread as his weird bride Pause and think On the brink Of the tide Dim and wide In the gloom Of thy doom Passing thee. With a mocking glee, o'er every sea, He gathers his tracking storm, And he hunts down life, in its gasping strife, In every breathiDg form. With his muffled feet his courser fleet O'er takes each living man, And summons him lond in every crowd To tramp in his caravan. Ponder! Sigh I Each must die, Vengeful death In each breath Conquers Life. To the laughing child and the savage wild, To the maiden in mystic light To the rayless mind, in mission kind To hope with its beamings bright To the proud and great in pomp of at ate To all of a vagrant's birth To the heart of grief, like a it-mitten leaf, To all cf this moaning earth Hastens death. Ponder Death '. Inky waves, Silent gravee, All around Thee abound Man O! man ! March 13, 18CG. PROCLAMATION OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES. ; Hie President of the United States of America : A PROCLAMATION. WJ1, the President of the United States, in virtue of the pow- r vested in law ly the constitution ana tlie laws, declared that the laws of the United States were opposed and the - ecution thereof obstructed, in the States of South Caro lina, Georgia, Alabama, Florida, Mississippi, Louisiana and Texas, by combinations too powerful to be suppressed by ;iie ordinary course or judicial proceedings or by the pow- in vested in the Marshals by the law. And whereas, Iy another proclamation, made on the loth day of August, iu the same year, in pursuance of an t of Congress, approved July 13th, 1SG1, the inhabitants ' f the State of Georgia, South Carolina, Virginia, North arolina, Tennessee, Alabama, Louisiana, Texas, Arkan sas, Mississippi and Florida, except the inhabitants of that part of the State of Virginia lying west of the Alleg hany mountains, and to ench other parts of that State, and ?lie other States before named, as might maintain a loval -liliesion to the Union and the Constitution, or might be, i'rom time to time, occupied and controlled bv the forces f the United States engaged in the dispersion of the iu- -nrgents, were declared to be m a stato ot insurrection :irainst the United States ; And whereas, By another proclamation of the 1st day of fiily, 18(52, issued in pursuance of an act of Congress, ap proved June 7th, in the same year, the insurrection was 1. dared to be still existing in the States aforesaid, with t lit- exception of certain specified counties in the State of Virginia ; And whereas, I5y another proclamation made on the 2d of April, 18(!3, in pursuance of the act of Congress of July i-Mh, 1SU1, the exceptions named in the proclamation of August ltith, lSbl, were revoked, and the inhabitants of e State of Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina. IVnncssee, Alabama, Lousiana, Texas, Arkansas, Missis- pi, Honda and Virginia, except the forty-eight counties Virginia designated as West Virginia, and the ports of New Orleans, Key West, Port Roj-al and Beaufort in South Carolina, were declared to be still in a stato of insurrection auist the United States ; And whereas, The House of Representatives on the 22d 1 d v of Jul v, 1861, adopted a resolution in tho words fol- L-idug, namely : hesolted by the Bouse oj Jiepresentaltces of the Congress the United Slates, That the present deplorable civil war i P T i 1 1 1 J f i .is oeen xorceu upon me countrv dx uio aisunionists or iho Southern States, now in revolt against the Constitu ti mal Government, and in arms around the Capital ; and that, in this national emergency, Congress, baniehing l reelings of mere passion or resentment, will recollect nly its duty to the whole country. That this war is not waged on our part in any spirit of oppression, nor for any purpose of conquest or subiuga- nor purpose oi overthrowing or interfering with tho ;ghts or established institutions of these States, but to litintain and defend the supremacy of the Constitution ma to preserve tne union, with all its dignitv. eouantv i ml rights of the several States unimpaired. And that as : on as those objects are accomplished tho war ought to cease. And whereas, The Senate of the United States, on the ih of July. 1861, adopted a resolution in the words fol ding, to wit : L'esolved. That the present deDlorable civil war has been t- rced upon the country by the disunionists of the South ern States, now in revolt against the Constitutional Govern ment, and in arms around the Capital : that in this nation al emergency, Congress, banishing all feelings of mere .tssion or resentment, will recollect only its duty to the . hole country ; that this war is not prosecuted on our ai t in any spirit of oppression, or for any purpose of con gest or subjugation, no purpose of overthrowing or in- terfering with the rights or established institutions of these States, but to defend and maintain the supre macy of the Constitution and all laws made in pursu ance thereof, and to preserve the Union with all the dig iity, equality and rights of the several States unimpaired; hat, as soon as these objects are accomplished, the war itLit to cease. And whereas, these resolutions, though not joint or ' ncurrent in form, are substantially identical, and as nich may be regarded as having expressed the sense of i ongress upon the subject to which they relate : Ami whereas, by my proclamation of the 13th day or Tune last, the insurrection in the State of Tennessee was declared to have been suppressed, the authority of the United States therein to be undisputed, and such United atea omcera as nad been duly commissioned to be m tne interrupted exercise of their official functions ; And whereas. There now exists no organized armed re- u.-tance of misguided citizens or others to the authority of the United States, in the States of Georgia. South Caro- uia, irgima, North Carolina, Tennessee, Alabama, Lou iana, Arkansas, Mississippi, Florida, and the laws can be sustained and enforced therein by the civil authority, ".vil and loyally disposed, and have conformed, or will uiiform, in their legislation, to the condition of affairs growing out of the amendment to the Constitution of the f'nited States, prohibiting slavery within the limits and j mschction of the United States ; And whereas, In view of the before recited premises, it c the manifest determination of the American people that m . State, of its own will, has the right or power to go out ' or separate itself from, or be separated from the Ameri can Union ; and that, therefore, each State ought to re vutin and constitute an integral part of the United States ; And whereas, The people of the several before mention- 1 States have, in the manner aforesaid, given satisfacto ry evidence that they acquiesce in the sovereign and im ! ji tant restoration of national unitv ; And whereas, As it is believed to "be a f undamental prin ciple of government that people who have revolted, and who have been overdone and subdued, must be dealt with o as to induce them, voluntarily, to become friends, or else they must be held by absolute military power or devas tated, so as to prevent them from ever again doing harm a enemies, which last named policy is abhorrent to hu manity and freedom ; And whereas. The Constitution of the United States provides for constitutional communities only as States, and not as territories, dependencies, provinces, or protecto rates ; And whereas, Such constituted States must necessarily . and by tho Constitution and laws of tho United States Are made'eoual. and are placed upon a like looting as to political ricrnts. immunities, ditrmtv and power with tho -overa.1 States with which thev are nnited : and Whereas the observance of political equality as a prin- e pieof light andjusticois well calculated to encourage ihe people of the aforesaid States to be and become more and more constant and persevering in their renewed alle giance ; and Whereas standing armies, military occupation, martial law, military tribunals, and the suspension of the privi lege of tho writ of habeas corpu in times of peace, en danger the public liberty, are incompatible with the indi vidual rights of the citizens, contrary to the genius and spirit of our free institutions, and exhaustive of the na tional resources, and ought not, therefore, to be sanction odor allowed except in cases of actual necessity for re 1 filing invasion or suppression of insurrection or rebellion; i-nd Whereas the poli - of the Government of the United States, from the beginning of the insurrection to its over throw and final suppression, has been in conformity with t principles herem set forth and enunciated : Xow, therefore, I Andrew Johnson, President of the i nued States, do hereby proclaim and declare that the i insurrection which heretofore existed in the States of Geor i ; a, South Carolina, Virginia, North Carolina, Tennessee, Alabama, Louisiana, Arkansas, Mississippi and Florida is ? t an end, and is henceforth to be so regarded. In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand and eaused the seal of the United States to be affixed. Done at the city of Washington, on the second day of -ipril, in the year of our Lord, 1866, and of the indepen- nee of the United States of America the ninetieth. .. ANDREW JOHNSON, '.v the President : W. H. Sewabd, Secretary of State. Tho Charleston Courier says that $122,000 have '(-en subscribed towards Becurini' white laborers lor South Carolina. VOL 22. THE FREEDMEN'S CODE. AW ACT Concerning Negroes and Persona or Color or of Mixed Blood. M enacted by the General Assembly of tiue Stale of ,"" wiviuiu, uiu u ? nereoy enacted oy theauthordv of tc suiwj iui, ucgtucu ni ineir issue, even wnere one aur ecu succeeaiug generation to tlie fourth in' elusive, is white, shall be deemed toi-moiim of color. 2. Be it further enacted. That all person of color who are now inhabitants of tliis State, shall be entitled to the same privileges and subject to the same burthens and disabilities as bv the laws of the Stato were conferred on, or were attached to free persons of color prior to the ordi- uitiieo ui emancipation, except ui tne same be changed by iltv. 3. Be it furtfier enacted. That ncrsonu of color shall ha entitled to all the privileges of white persons in the mode of wran.uiui ucieuuing, couuuuing, remoTing ana trans ferring their suits at law, and in equity ; and likewise to the same mode of trial by jury, and all privilege appertaininsr thereto. And all proceedings in equity by or against ijieui, iiieir answer snail nave ine same lorce tuu cavci HI all respect as the answer of white persons. 4. lie if farther enactel. That in all cased of apprentice ship of persons of color under chapter five of the Revised Code, the master shall be bound to discharge the same duties "to them as to white amrentices. and the words "as j are white" in section three, line three, are hereby repealed ana ino word " apprentice snau Je read after the word " such," in said hue, and the words "if a white person," in the second line of section six, are hereby rapealed: Provided always. That in the binding out of apprentices of color, the former master of such apprentices, when they shall be regarded as suitable persons by the courts, shall bo entitled to have such apprentices bound to them in preference to other persons. 5. Be it further enacted, That in all cases where men and women, bo.h or one of whom were lately slaves and and now emancipated, now cohabit together in the relation of hus band and wife, the parties shall be deemed to have been law fully married as man and wife at the time cf the commence ment of such cohabitation, although they may not have been married in due fortu of law. And all persons whose cohab itation is hereby ratified into a state of marriage shall go be fore the Clerk of the Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions of the county in which they reside, at his office, or before tome justice of the peace, and acknowledge the fact of such co habitation, and the time of its commencement ; and the Clerk shall enter the same iu a book kept for that purpose; ami ii me acKnowieuguients oe maue Deiore a justice of the peace, such justice shall report the same in writing to the Clerk of the Court of Pleas and Quarter sessions, and the Clerk shall enter the same aa though the acknowledg ment had been made before him ; and such entry shall be deemed prima facie evidence of the allegations therein contained. For making such entry and giving a certificate J of the same, the Clerk shall be entitled to a fee of twenty- ! fivo cents, to be paid by the party for whom the services are rendered. 6. lie it further enacted, That if any of such persons shall fail to go before the Clerk of the County Court or some justice of the peace of the county in which they re side, and have their marriage recorded before the first of September, 186U, tfiey shall be deemed guiltv of a misde meanor, and punished at the discretion of tne court, and their fadure for each month thereafter shall constitute a separate and distinct offense. 7. Be it further enacted, That all contracts between any persons whatever, whereof one or more of them shall be a person of color, for the sale or purchase of any horse, mule, ass, jennet, neat cattle, hog, sheep or goat, whatever may be the value of such articles, and all contracts be tween such persons for any other article or articles of property whatever of the value of ten dollars or more ; ana all contracts executed or executory between such per sons for the payment of money of the value of ten dol lars or more, snail be void as toa 11 persons whatever, unless the same be put in writing and signed by the venders or debtors, and witnessed by a whito person who can read and write. 8. Be Ufuathtr ena-cted, That marriages between white persons and persons of color shall be void ; and every per son authorized to solemnize the rights of matrimony, who shall knowingly solemnize tlie same between such persons, and every clerk of a court who shall knowingly issue li cense for their mamago. shall be deemed guilty of a mis demeanor, and moreover, shall pay a penalty of live hun dred dollars to any person suing for the same. I). Be it furlhir enacted. That ncrsons of color not other wise incompetent, shall be capable of bearing evidence in all controversies at law and in equity, where the rights of persons or property of persons of color shall be put to is sue, and would be concluded by the judgment or decree of the court : and also in pleas of the State, where the vio lence, fraud or injury alledged shall bo charged to have been done by or to persons of color. In all other civil and criminal cases such evidence shall be deemed inadmissi ble, unless by consent of the parties of record : Prodded, That this section shall not go into effect until jurisdiction in matters relating tofreedmen shall be fully committed to the courts-or this state : J'rociaed turtner, That no person shall be deemed incompetent to bear testimony in such cases, because of being a party to the record or in interest. 10. Be it further enacted. That whenever a person of color 8b all be examined as a witness, the court shall warn the witness to declare the truth. 11. Be it further enacted, That any person of color con victed by due course of law, with an assault with the intent to commit a rape upon the body of a white female, shall suffer death. 12. Be itfurter enacted. That the criminal laws of the State, embracing and effectihg a white person, are hereby extended to persons of color, except where it is otherwise provided in tnis act and whenever they shall be convicted of any act made criminal, if committed by .a white person, they shall be punished in like manner, except in such cases when other and different punishment may be pre scribed or allowed by this act. 13. Be it further enacted. That at the time now provided for the election of wardens of the poor, the Justices of the court of pleas and quarter sessions of each county, under the rules and regulations now prescribed, may, in then discretion, elect two distinct and independent courts of wardens : one of whom shall act as wardens of the white poor, and the other as the wardens of the colored poor. 14. Be it further enacted, That the persons constituting each court shall be qualified as now provided t and the wardens severally, and each court shall have all the pow ers and authorities now conferred on them, and they and the officers of each court, and all other persons whatever, shall be subject to all the duties, liabilities and penalties imposed on them by chapter 86, of the revised code. 15. Be it further enacted, That the following laws and parts of laws are hereby repealed: First. Certain laws contained in the revised code, namely : The entire chap ter one hundred and seven, entitled " slaves and free ne groes," except sections fifty-four, fifty-five, fifty-six, fifty seven, fifty-eight and sixty-six, and these sections shall be so amended as to read, " persons of color " instead of free negroes in all cases where the latter words occur. Section two of chapter fourteen, entitled " boats and ca noes." Sections ten, eleven, twelve, thirteen, eighty-one, eighty-two, eighty-three, eighty-four, eighty-five, eiglity six, eighty-seven, eighty-nine, ninety, ninety-one, ninety two, ninety-three of chapter thirty-four, entitled " crimes and punishments." Sections seventeen, nineteen and twonty-one of chapter thirty-seven, entitled, " deeds and conveyances." Section four of chapter forty-eight, enti tled fences." Section twenty-eight, chapter fifty-nine, entitled "insolvent debtors." Section tMrtj-nine of chap ter eighty-four, entitled 44 pilots." Sections fifteen, six teen, seventeen, eighteen, nineteen and twenty of chapter eighty-six. Secondly. Certain acts passed since the en actment of the revised code, to-wit : an act ratified on the sixteenth of February eighteen hundred and fifty-nine, chapter thirty, entitle'd 44 an act for the hiring out of free negroes in certain cases :" an act ratified on tne same day, chapter thirty-one, entitled 44 an act to prevent the sale of spirituous liquors to free persons of color ;" an act rati fied on the thirty-first day of January, eighteen hundred and sixty-one, chapter thirty-seven, entitled "an act to prohibit emancipation of slaves by will " an act ratmed on the twenty-third day of February, eighteen hundred and sixtv-one, chapter twenty-three, entitled 4 an act to amend tlie sixteenth and sevmtcenth sections of chapter thirty-four, revised code ;" an act ratified on the same day, chapter one hundred and seven, section thirty-six, of the revised code, 44 relating to free negroes having arms;" an act 44 to change the rules of evidence in indictments for trading with slaves ;" an act ratified on the same day, chapter thirty-six, entitled 44 an act to prevent free ne groes from hiring or having the control of slaves ;" an act ratified on the twenty-first day of September, eighteen hundred and sixty-one, chapter twenty-six, entitled 44 an act to amend section fifteen, of the ono hundred and seventh chapter of the revised code ; an act ratified on the twentieth day of December eighteen hundred and sixty-two, chapter sixteen, entitled 44 an act to authorize the Governor to employ slave labor in erecting fortifications and other works." 16. Be U furtfier enacted. That all other acts and parts of acts passed before the present . session of the General Assembly, besides those enumerated in the foregoing sec tion, the'sabjects whereof are revised and re-enacted in this act, or which are repugnant to the provisions herein contained, are hereby declared to be repealed, and of no force and effect from and after the ratification of this act, with the exceptions and limitation hereinafter mentioned. 17. Be it furtlier enacted, That th repeal of the acts mentioned in the preceding sections shall not effect any act done, or any right accruing, or accrued, or established, or any suit or proceeding had or commenced in any case before the ratification of this act. . 18. Be it further enacted, That no offence committed un der any of the acts hereby repealed, and before the time whim thev ctased to be laws of the State, shall be effected by such repeal, except that when any punishment shall navo been uuugatea Dy tne provisions oi uim ocii, bucu provisions shall be extended and applied to any judg ments to be pronounced after the repeal or cessation to have effect t Provided houxzer, That in case of the con viction of any person of color for any such offence, he shall bo punished therefor in like manner only as if he were a white man. 19. Beit further enacted, That no suit or -prosecution pending at the time of the repeal, for any offeuee commit ted, or for the recovery of aot. penalty tr forfeiture incur red, under any of the act repealed, shall be affected by sucn repeal. . . .. In General Assembly read three times, and ratified this 4 nil. J 1 A f Ififfi xvui oy ox jtt&rcs, a aouo it JP WILMINGTON, N. C, THUBSDAY 5I0BNING, APBIL 12, 1866. AN ACT To PnlU Persons Pursuing and Injuring Horses sad otner .Live Stock, with intent to Steal them. Section 1. Be it enacted by the General Assembly of the State of North Carolina, and it is hereby enacted by the authority of the same. That if any person shall pursue, kill or wound any horse, mule, ass, jenny, neat cattle, hog, sheep or goat, the property of another, with tho intent un lawfully and feloniously to convert the same to bis own use, he shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and on conviction, shall be punishable, in all respects, as if con victed of larceny, though such animal may not have come into the actual possession of the person so offending. And all persons commanding, counselling, advising, aiding or abetting any of such unlawful acts, shall be punished in like manner, and may be prosecuted alone, or with the principal actor.. In General Assembly read three times, and ratified this 1st day of March, A. D., 1866. aiTact To Prevent Wilful Trespasses on Landi, and Steal ing anjr kind of Property therefrom. Sectiok 1. Be it enacted by the General Assembly of the State of North Carolina, and it is hereby enacted by the authority oftfte same, That no person, after being forbid den to do so, shall enter on the premises of another with out a license therefor ; and if any person, after being thus forbidden, shall so enter, he shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor. And if any person, not being the present owner or bona fide claimant of such premises, shall wilful ly and unlawfully enter thereon, and carry off, or be en gaged in the act of carrying off, any wood or other kind of property whatsover. growing or being thereon, the same being the property of the owner of the premises, or under his control, keeping or care, such person shall, if the act be done with felonious intent, be deemed guilty of larceny, and punished for that offence. And if not done with such intent, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemenor: Provided, hoieever, that any person who may make written affidavit before a justice of the peace of the county, that any of his cattle or other live stock, (which shall be specially described and set rortn in the amdavit), has strayed away, and he has good reason to believe that it is on the premi ses of another or other persons, then such justice may, in his discretion, allow such person to enter on said premises with one or more servants, without firearms, in the day time, (Sundays excepted,) between the hours of sunrise and sunset, and make search for his eetray for such hmited time as to said justice shall appear reasonable ; but the only effect of such licence shall be to protect the per sons entering, from indictment therefor, and then only, provided the License shall have been made bona fide and without any damage except such as was necessary to con duct the search. In General Assembly ready three times, and ratified the 1st day of March, A. D.. 1866. AN ACT To Paniih "Vagrancy. Section 1. Be it enacted by the General AsM-.Mbly of the State of North, Carolina, and it is herelry enaeteii bj the authority of tlie same, That if any person who may be' able to labor, has no apparent means of subsistence, and ne glects to apply himself to somd honest occupation for the support of himself and his family, if he have one; or if &uy person whatever shall be found spending his lime in dis sipation, or gaming or sauntering about without employ ment, or endeavoring to maintain lumself or his family by any undue or unlawful means, such person shall" be deemed a vagrant, and guilty of a misdemeanor. And it shall be the duty of any justice of the peaco of tho county wherein such persons shall be found, upon due proof of such offence, to issue a warrant for tho arrest of the of fender, to be brought bofore him or soiae other justice of the peace, whose duty it shall be, if, on examination, such person shall be found a vagrant, to recognize him with good security for his appearance, at tho next Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions of said County, to answer such offence. And if he fail to give such recognizance, he shall be imprisoned until the sessionsaid court: Provided, however, That if such offender shall, at the said court, enter into a recognizance, in such sum as the court shall prescribe, conditional for his good behavior and industrious, peacea ble deportment for one year, he uuty bo discharged on payment of the costs and charges which shall have Ac crued : but, if be shall fail to enter in such recognizance, and pay such costs and charges, he shall be prosecuted as a vagrant, and upon conviction, the court may tine ur im- Jrison him, or both, or sentence him to the workhouse or such time as tho court may think fit. Skc. 2. This act shall go into effect from and after its ratification. In General Assembly read three times, and ratified tho 1st day of March, A. v., 1866. AN ACT To Punish Seditious Langnage, Insurrections and Rebellion in tlie State. Section 1. Be it enacted by the General Assembly of ihe State of North Carolina, and it is hereby enacted by the authority of the same, That if any person, bywords spok en, written or printed, shall endeavor to excite in any per son whatever, a spirit of insurrection, conspiracy, sedi tion, or rebellion against the government of the State, such fierson so offending, shall, on conviction thereof, stand in he pillory one hour, receive one or more public whippings, not IeBS than thirty-nine lashes each, and be imprisoned twelve months. Sec. '2. If any person shall be found in a state of rebellion or insurrection against the government of tho State, or shall agree to join any conspiracy, rebellion or insurrec tion against the same, or shall procure or persuade others to join or enlist in the same, or shall knowingly and wil fully aid, assist, or encourage any person engaged tliertm, or engaged in a conspiracy to make such rebllion or in surrection, every person so offending and being thereof convicted, shall sumer death. In General Asseubly read three times, and ratified tlie '27th dav of February, A. !., 1806. AN ACT To Prevent Knticing Servants from. Fulfilling their Contracts or Harboring l"hem. Section 1. Be it enacted by the General Assembl y of the State of North Carolina, ana it is hereby enacted by the au thority of the same, That if, after the ratifies tion of this act, any person shall entice, persuade and procure any servant by indenture, or any servant who shall ha ve contracted in writing, to serve his employer, to unlawfully leave his mas ter or employer ; or, if any person shall knowingly and un lawfully harbor and detain, in his own service, and from the service of his master or employer, any servant who shall unlawfully leave the service of such master or em ployer ; then, in either case, such person and servant may be sued, singly or jointly, by the master, and on recovery he shall have judgment for the actual double value of the damages assessed. In General Assembly read three times, and ratified the 1st day of March, A. D., 1866. AN ACT To Secure to Agricultural Laborers their Pay in Kind. Section 1. Be it enacted by the General Assembly of the State of North Carolina, and it is hereby eriacted by tlie authority of the same, That whenever, after the ratifica tion of this act, servants and laborers in Agriculture shall, by their contracts in writing, already or hereafter made, be entitled, for wages, to a part of the crops cultivated by them, such part shall not be subject to sale under execu tions, against their employers, or the owners of the land cultivated. In General Assembly read three times, und ratified the 1st day of March, 1866. AN ACT More Effectually to Secure the Maintenance of Bastard Children, and the Payment of Pines and Costs on Conviction in Criminal Cases. 8ection 1. Be it enacted by ihe General Assembly of Vie State of North Carolina, a nd it is hereby enacted by Uie authority of the same, That in all pleas of tho State where a person may be fined or sentenced to pay ct 3ts, and in all cases arising under chapter twelve, of the llevised Code, entitled 44 Bastard Children," when the putative father shall be charged with costs or the payment of money for the support of a bastard child, andsueh person or puta tive father shall, by law, be subject to be - committed to prison in default of paying the same, it shall be compe tent for the court to sentence such person or putative father to the house of correction for uch time, not ex ceeding months, as the court may deem proper : Jrovided hoieever, That such person or putative father, at bis discretion, instead of being committed to prison or to the house of correction, may bind himself as an appren tice to any person whom he may select,' for such time and at such price as the court may direct. The binding shall be by indenture in open court, and the prioe obtained shall be paid to the county trustree; and the person thus bound shall be treated and regarded as an apprentice in all matters, except education. Sec. 2. Be it further enacted That this act shall go into effct on the first day of eighteen hundrey and six ty , at which time so much of the first section of chap ter fifty-nine, of the Revised Code, as allows persons com mitted for the maintenance of bastard children charged upon them, or persons committed for the coats of crimi nal prosecutions, to be discharged on taking the oath of insolvent debtors, shall be, and the same is hereby re- 'nPal'Hl In General Assembly read three times, and ratified the 1st day of March, A. D., 1866. Sorr Soap fob All. For a lieutenant, call him captain ; for a middle-afed lady, kiss her, and say that you mistook her for her daughter ; for a young gentleman rising fifteen, ask his opinion respecting the comparative merits of a razor ; for young ladies, if you know, their color to he natur al,, accuse them of painting. . : There is a negro in Philadelphia .rhose feet measure twenty-one inches in length. ' It is sup - posed thy will be used as the next Republican " platform. STATE NEWS. Death of Kimebough Joxes. We learn that this worthy and venerable citizen expired at his residence near thi3 city on Saturday night last. Mr. Jones, we presume, had passed his eightieth year. He was a member of the Convention of 1835, and had frequently served the people of Wake county in the General Assembly. Standard. Tkial of Maj. Gee. The Military Commis sion, sitting in the trial of Maj. Gee, met at the Court room, yesterday morning, pursuant to ad journment, but the witnesses for the prosecution, on account of whose absence the trial was sus pended last week, not having yet appeared, the session was again adjourned to Monday next, 9th inst. Stan dard. The Dobson Brothers, with Blitz (so-called) played three evenings in our theatre they were advertised for four. Their abilty as professors of the magic art cannot be surpassed by Heller, Her mann, or any other of the professors. The crown ing trick one which any they performed here was one denominated by the ordinary, plodding citizens, "The Gouge." It consists in the per formers making themselves invisible. The Dob son Brothers and Blitz (so-called) accomplished tins feat baturday evening to the surprise of some of our citizens. They succeeded so well that they have not been seen since four o'clock yesterday. Among the parties particulary inter ested in this feat of natural magic, are General Baker, of the North Carolina Hotel, Mr. Hanff, the pianist, the Newbern Daily Times office, avA the city of Newbern in its corporate capacity. It was a good trick, was well done, and it is sup posed, the performers went in the direction of Goldsboro'. Newbern Times. A Fatal Casualty. We learn from the Salis bury Banner, that on Saturday last a member of the 5th Regular U. S. Cavalry, was shot by a guard. He had been committing some depreda tions upon negroes, and a guard was sent to arrest him, when he drew a revolver and walked off, and being ordered to halt, he refused and was shot. Tun Old North State. Tho fii?t number of this new paper, edited by the Hon. Lewis I Janes, , at Salisbury, has made its appearance among o;u t exchange?. It is a neat paper, and will be doubt-; less well conducted. DiiATH of at'Compositor. Mr. Jas. C. Shook, a j compositor employed in this office, died last night I on South Front Street, of confluent small pox. j He was about 35 years of age, and was well known throughout the South among the "craft." He was a good compositor. We think his only sur viving relative is a little daughter, living near Fort Smith, Arkansas. Xetrbern Times, 3d inst. Mr. Shook worked in our office, from the resump tion of ihe Journal last September, until within a few weeks past, and was a most excellent printer. We regret to hear of his death. May he- rest in peace. Jo-venal. Impabtial Jvstice. For the especial edifica tion of radicalism, and to furnish an item fov the note book of Sumner, Ave chronicle the follow ing : Two persons were convicted of the paltry crime of stealing, and were sentenced by his honor, Judge Warren, to receive the penalty prescribed by the Mosaic law. The Sheriff of the county promptly executed the sentence of the Judge, and when the culprits were stripped for the fray, it be came apparent to every looker on, that one of them was of the color, ho popular iu the Congress of the United States at the present time. Our worthy Sheriff, however, not having the fear of Stevens before his eyes, gave the guilty one 44 forty, save one." The other convict v. as only a white man, and, of course, his ca.se will not be commiserated by the dear lovers of cuffee nor will their pity be enlisted in his behalf, when it is announced that he received thirty-nine lashes on his bare back for the theft of a chicken ; while his sable companion at the whipping post got no more for stealing a hog. This is a case of " equality before the law," which we trust will be duly heralded by the radi cal press of the Norths Golds. News, Wt inst. Improvements. We notice marks of improve ment wherever we walk. Fences destroyed last spring, are being replaced ; stores arc refitted ; white-washing, plastering and paint are being freely used; while the commissioners of the Town are engaged in draining and clensing the streets. While these things are going on. in Goldsboro', the plow, the harrow, and the hoe are not idle in the country. The farmer is striving by industry and irugality to repair, in- part, the damages of the past twelve months. Nor are the officers of the Liw idle, as becomes apparent by a brief stay in the :onrt room, where our Superior Court is now in session. The Solici tor is busy drawing up bills, and the Grand Jurors are diligently employed in examining witnesses and ferriting out breaches of the peace. Golds bord1 News. Halifax County. A correspondent of the Nor folk Virginian,. gives an interesting sketch of the early history of this county, as well as some cur rent items of news. We make the following ex tract : 44 Halifax has produced many learned and dis tinguished names. Among them are William Richardson Davie, John and Edward Cromwell, Hon. Willis Alston, Hon. Jos. J. Daniel, Hon. Hutchins G. Burton, Hon. John Branch, Hon. Jesse A. Bynnm, Hon. John Reeves, Jones Dan iel, and B. F. Moore, who is now an eminent lawyer. ? .... ... .. .. . . ji - . e Halifax, like its sister towns, Dears tne marKs oi improvement. Messrs. Underdo wn & Co., wreck ers, of your city are engaged in raising a schooner, which has a cargo of fifty bales of cotton, which struck on a rock three years ago and was sunk. Thev have succeeded in fretting her on the flat and are jmrnping her out. Judge Ruffin. We had the pleasure yesterday a mam nf fliA lmnd fvnm tlip. venerable Judcre vx jjjt- - j i Ruffin, who is in the city for a few days, a guest of our Jnenci w. it. waver. j W iirfl hflTvnv to add that the Judere seems to be , in the enjoyment of health and carries his years remarKably well. jseuoem wjinmerciat. Taking them Tbough. The Superior Court, now in session in this city, is putting the law break-! ers through. ' Some have been submitted to the good old North Carolina penalty of the whipping post, for larceny, and , others will probably taste the same before the week ends. Jtaleiqh Standard. The Capitol grounds are being put in their old shape and in a few months the beaux and belles will doubtless find them as pleasant as in bygone times. The forces are daily at work there. Raleigh Progress The 192d Session of Orange Presbytery will commence at New Hope Church on Wednesday tne ntn aay oi April, at iz o ciock, ju. Randolph Superior Coukt. This court was hqlden last week by. His Honor Judge Gilliam. We are informed that there never were so many people seen on the court-green, and there on bus mess of a legal character, since Randolph has been a county. Nearly every day of the . week,7 the court house was not simply crowded, but packed, jammed and crammed. Lawyers, who came in late, could scarcely make their way through the throng to the Bar; and the Solicitor's office was like an Enrolling Office in the busiest days of Confederate conscription.; From what we learn, the people of that county have each other emphat ically by the ears and are pulling one another like the very duce. Instead ot letting by-gduea be by gones, with .the restoration oL civil government ana tne reopening oi -uw wjutw, wiy eui ing something of the strife and trouble which renew- so Cl NO. 10. afflicted that and other counties in the hottest times of the revolution out of which we have so recently emerged. We regret this no little; but as a faithful chronicler of the news it is our duty to publish facts and approve or disapprove them. The animus, with which that people is moved, is not commendable. Of convictions and submissions, there were not less than fifty ; of the bills of indictment found the number is at least eighty ; and there were a great many presentments and old warrants on which the parties had to be re-bound, because Mr. Solicitor Settle did not have time to draw bills. He worked day and night, drew over one hundred bills ; but the Grand Jury, who could not on ac count of its numbers work so rapidly, acted upon only about eighty. We understand there were several bills charging defendants with murder. The old citizens and such as were called loyal duf ing the days of the Southern Confederacy, are prosecuting the bush-whackers and robbers ; and, on the other hand, , the bushwhackers, who now set themselves up as par excellence Union citizens, are indicting the Militia officers and such as acted under their orders for assaults and batteries.' for cible trespasses, false imprisonments and muder. The spirit of retaliation has just begun to move them and it is difficult to tell how far and to what extremes it may impel them. We greatly hope it will soon expire, and that peace, concord and brotherly regard may succeed it. Greens. Patriot. The Flag Afloat. We notice the Stars and Stripes floating from the dome of the Capitol, in 1, r a1. t : .1 a' t t i i Sentinel. State Geologist. Gov. Worth has re-commissioned Prof. W. C. Kerr, State Geologist. Prof. K. has held the appointment sce the death of Dr. Emmons. His qualifications for the position are endorsed by the best scientific men in the State. Sentinel. Wayne Female College. Rev. S. Milton Frost, President of the College, has just returned from the North. He informs us that his trip was a suc cess the subscriptions in cash, furniture, &c, reaching the respectable snm of 3,600. Repairs on the college will commence next week, and the school open at an early day, of which due notice will be given. Goldsboro'' News. Personal. Col. George Bushy head, Chief of one of the remaining tribes of Indians in the west ern part of this State, has returned from Washing ton and is now in this city, stopping at the 4 ' Yarboroug. " Progress. General Hoke. This distinguished son of the old North State, was in our town on Tuesday last. On Tuesday evening he was serenaded by the citizens, and in response to numerous calls he ap peared on the balcony of the Metropolitan Hotel and in a handsome manner returned his thanks for the compliment shown him. Greensboro Patriot. Gen. C. Leventhrope. This accomplished gen tleman and gallant officer has been sojourning in our city for the last few days. We are pleased to state that he is looking remarkably well, and has entirely recovered from his wound re ceived in the memorable charge which he lead with such conspicuous gallantry in the first day's fight at Gettysburg. Cliarlotte Times. Board of Trade. This Association, in New bern, is now a fixed affair. The following officers have been chosen, viz : President, A. T. Jerkins ; Vice Presidents, Samuel Blagge and C. H. Taylor; Directors, J. D. Planner, E. W. Gould, J. A. Le land, W. S. Walker, T. J. Mitchell, W. C. Whit ford, W. C Hunt and Alexander Walker. Liberal Donation. We understand that CoL It. B. Bullock, general superintendent of the Southern Express Company, and who resides in Augusta, Ga., has sent fifty dollars as a donation to the sabbath schools connected with the Raleigh Biptist church thirty to the white and twenty to the colored branch. This is a generous donation from a stranger and results from the fact that be ing in the city not long since, he visited them, and was grately gratified with the principle on which they operated. Raleigh Progress. NEWS SUMMARY. A Change in the Cabinet Urged. A number of conservative Republicans, believing that the President is weakened by the retention of certain members of his cabinet, have very strongly urged their removal during the past two days. The National Intelligencer says : 44 We learn that Governor Dillingham, of Vermont, will appoint M.r Hilland Hall as united States senator in place ot Mr. Foot, deceased. He will not, probably, reach this city till Tuesnay or Wednesday. Tlie veto will certainly be sustained by the Sen ate. Even the Radicals are convinced of this fact now, and hence they will be in no hurry to call up the Civil Rights bill, which they know to be killed beyond recovery. The PresidentJias directed the War Department to muster out twenty thousand more negro troops, in addition to those recently discharged, and or ders for that purpose will accordingly bo issued. Attempted Murder of Gen. Forrest by a Ne gro The Negro Killed. Memphis, April 1. A letter from Sunflower County, Mississippi, says a negro employed on General Forrest's plantation, while assaulting his (the negro's) sick wife, yester day, was remonstrated with by Forrest.- The ne gro drew a knife and attempted to kill Forrest, who, after receiving a wound in the hand, seized an axe and killed the negro. General Forrest then gave himself up to the sheriff. Tlie negroes on the plantation justify the homicide. Governor Waller, of California, was wrecked on the Golden Rule, and on arriving at San Francis co he remarked to a friend: 44 Lost everything, sir, everything but my reputation. " 44 Governor, " re plied his friend, 44 you travel with less baggage than any one else I ever saw. " . One thousand dollars has been contributed in Mobile to the Winchester Confederate Cemetery Fund. We understand that there has been another de structive fire in Darlington. The fire broke out through an accident. A clerk in a store was in the act of drawing from a barrel a can of Kero sene oil when the candle which he held in his hand overturned and set fire to the oil. The flame quickly communicated to the barrel and in a few momenta the entire building was past recovery. Several buildings were burnt. Marion Crescent, The Court of Common Pleas and General Ses sions for this District concluded its setting on Tuesday. There were four ersons tried for murder, only one of whom was convicted, namely Lewis I. Har rell. It will be recollected that this man shot Dr. J. H. Jarrot, about the middle of February, while the latter was visiting one of his plantations where Harrell was overseer. There was no white person present when the deed was committed, and the evidence in the cne depended on the confessions i)i the prisoner confirmed by strong circumstan ces tending to show his guilt. Two of the other c:ises of murder, depended on circumstantial evi deuce which was not snflicient to' convince the minds of the jurv. In the case of tlie State vs. Kirklaud, indicted for the murder of John Gra ham, at Pee Dee Bridge, the jury returned a ver dict pi acquittal. Marion ,rescent. The Memphis city election on Saturday, result ed in an overwuenning majority lor wnat tne via patch calls the Johnson party. , r. Mrs. Jefferson Davis is on her way op the Mis sissippi, goiiig to Montreal to see her children. Her daughter Margaret in at school in thV Acade my of the Sacred Heart, at Sault-au-Itecollet. TERMS OF ADVERTISING. 1 square, of 10 lines or lee, for each and every inser tion, tl. Special Notices will lx charged J2 00 per square for each and every insertion. All Obituaries and private publications of every charac tar, arc charged as advertiementa. Qf-No advertisement, reflecting upon private charac ter, can, under ay circumstances, be admitted. Nixcijd Dispatch to the Petersburg Express. Richmond, April 4th. Jos. Mayo w as elected Mayor of this city to-dav, without opposition. " Tho following are the eitv Couucihuen elect: First IVurd. N. M. Lee, Stephen "Mason, Wil liam Taylor, Robert Hill. Second TV (ird. W. H. Mel arland. Judco flnimn J. A. Scott, G. K. Crutch field, John II. Harvoy. rift ifl t t - t . T i luni 1 1 to'fi. j . i . jeppes, 1j. . ulazebrook, T. Grifiin, Col. Thonnis I August and D. J. Saunders. Twenty-five printers for Die Richmond press, will arrive from Baltimore on Friday. No papers will appear to-morrow. Missing Men. Information wanted of tho fate or whereabouts of C. W. Arthur, w ho was in tlie first Mississippi Regiment, C. S. A., and D. S Arthur, of Virginia Troops, C. S. A regiment unknown. The widowed mother of these gentlemen earn estly desires to know of their fate, and all true friends of the helpless, needy and distressed, are requested to send any information they may have or get to Mr. Hargrave, keeper of the hotel, Bran don, Miss. All papers in Virginia and North Carolin friend ly to a distressed mother, will please copy as many times as they possibly can. MARY ARTHUR, who is a Mason's widow, and a member of tho adopted degree. The U. S. Supreme Court. Wartttnotok. Anvil 4. The Supreme Court, before adjournment sine die, ordered all causes brought in by writs of error or appeals from the Southern States to bo called and disposed of at the next term. Mrs. Jeff. Davis in Washington. General Dick Taylor, brother-in-law of Jeff. Davis, Mrs. Jeff. Davis, and Burton Harrison, are all in Wash ington, seeking permission for Mrs. Davis to visit her husband in Fortress Monroe. Message from the President Recommending that the Southern States re Allowed to assume the Direct Tax. Washington, April 4. The President to-day sent to the House a communica tion from the Governor of Alabama, asking that the State may be allowed to assume and pay in State bonds tho direct tax now due from her, or that a delay of payment may be authorized until the State can, by the sale of its bonds, or by tax ation, make provision for its liquidation. Tho President concurs in the opinion of the Secretary of the Treasury, that it is desirable that Alabama and the other Southern States be allowed to as sume and pay their portions of the direct taxes now due, and therefore recommends the neces ary legislation by Congress. Frost and Ice. There was white frost and thin ice in this locality yesterday morning. Tender garden vegetation was killed, and the leaves of such plants as English peas and cabbages stiffly frozen. If any cotton was up, it was, of course. killed, but we presume that little, if any, was out of the ground. Corn will probably be set back by it. We hope that no material damage was dono to the fruit. Yesterday was quite a cool day, and another frbst at night was apprehended. Cotumbus (Ga.) JLnquirer, March 61. La.tr front Europe. New York, April, 2. The latest advices from Viena report that tho recent apprehensions of war have been removed. GREAT BRITAIN. It is again asserted that Head Centro Stephens lias arrived in Paris. In the British House of Commons Earl Gros venor gave notice, on the second reading of the reform bill, that he would move an amendment declaring it inexpedient to discuss tho bill until the House has before it tho entire reform scheme contemplated by the government. Sir W. Hyatt also gave notice of an amendment to prevent the bill taking effect uutil provision is made for a redistribution of seats. Tho Times says that Lord Stanley will second Earl Grosvenor's amendment, and predicts an in dependent support, and hopes it is not too late for the government to bring forward a better bill. The Morning Post believes that the amendment will prove the death blow to tho ministry. The Daily News and Star regards the proposed amend ment as an insidious movement, and as nothing else but opposition to reform, and says tho con servatives dare not move a direct negative to the measure. In tlie House of Commons tho Irish Attorney General denied that tho v Lord Lieutenant had stated that he apprehended a Fenian invasion. Several land owners had applied for permission to arm and drill their tentantry, but tho govern ment refused their consent, feeling j)erfectly able to afford every protection. ' : The London Times at last admits that 14 fright ful and unjustifiable cruelties were committed in Jamaica, and that there was an abuse of power oeyona all excuse or palliation. FRANCE. The Corps Legislatif, after the rejection of an other proposed amendment relative to the press laws, finally adopted the entire address by a vote of 251 to 17. A Paris telegram of the 20th to the Daily Tele graph reports, on good authority, that Head Cen tre cstepnens nad not arrived there. The Paris Patrie denies that the French govern ment has consented to extend the period of the extradition treaty with England. In the Corps Legislatif, an amendment to the address of the Emperor in favor of an extension of liberties had been strongly debated. Several speakers demanded increased liberty for tho pub lic, the press and the chambers. Tho amen dment was, however, rejected by a vote of 200 against 03. OEUMAMY. A Vienna telegram asserts that declarations of a reassuring character have been received from Berlin, and the apprehensions of war have been thereby removed. It is stated that the Gastein con vention will be adhered to. The London Morning Post believes that this latter statement is unfounded, and that the rela tions contiue critical. THE PRINCrPALrTTES. TTia rnnfprATif on fli Dunnbian PrineinalittPH held a second meeting at Paris on the 19th ult FURTHER DETAILS. The following is a duplicate of a news dispatch sent by the steamer Tripoli, 'which sailed on the 20th, not yet arrived : , The German journals contiue to represent the relations of Austria and Prussia as very threaten ing. They even assert that Austria had ordered the assembling of 100,000 troops on the Bohe mian frontier, and had sent a circular note to the powers disclaiming all responsibility for the con sequences of any conflict which may ensue. The London Times directs attention to the crit ical state of affairs. It says that Bismark has thrown off his mask, and the Duchies are to be annexed to Prussia. Preparations for war are pro gressing on both sides. In both capitals military councils are held, generals nominated and plans of campaigns discussed. The funds are depressed in the various European markets by these disquieting rumors. The Spanish Government has raised the state of siege in New Castle. Latest. Liverpool, March 21. The Post says it has reason to believe that tel egraphic news to the effect that since Sunday de clarations of a reassuring character have been re ceived from Berlin, by tho Austrian government, and that the apprehensions of a war between tne gtdat German powers have been thereby removed, are totally incorrect, and that the relations be tween the two powers continue yery critical.