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TJIK WIMIINOTON JOURNAL
j - . - WILMINGTON, N. C PllIDAV, APniti?. 1871. The Leg IIa tare. The General Assembly of the State atl jocrned on yesterday until tho ftrst Mon day in November next. The merits of Legislative bodies are to ba measured, much by what they may have vnden? and emitted to do, as by what they may '? Ganged by all of these standards, the Democratic-Conservative Legislature, which has just adjourn ed, has satisfied tho pnblio expectation and j entitled itself to tho commendation r.nti applause of tho people of tho State. What i.aa it undone "' It has swept rrora enr statute bonkr thoinfamonsBhoff ner Act, under . ol.-r of which tho late Governor Ilolden called hia brigand into . the field and robbed and maltreated unof fending communities a:i Aft which, when j rend, in after years, by tho lights of dis- j passion, will excite the horror and the in ! orednlity cf those who r.re to succeed np. I It baa expunged from our code tho villain-: oca system of espionage, which employed i low pimps and plunderers the cifscouring j o society to noso out domestic and per- j socal privacies, to bo tortured into agon-! ciea of oppression and insnlf. It h.t3 done ; away with numerous - npcrnnmorary attaches of Executive p.itronngc, who were eating oat tho snbrtano of the people, nnd cur railed tho pay of others, who vero filling inecnro positions. Tt haa repealed legis- j lation, vrhirh afforded a covert for the tbieve3 whr have despoiled the ftfato ! Treasury. j What has it omitted t do ? It has: wieely omitted (contrary to the falso clamor j cf the Radical leader.-, who thereby tought j to excite tho alarm and arouse- the passions i o! tho negroes,) to adopt any legislation j which bcaro more bnrdly upon tho black than tbu white luan. it has nut E'juan dercd tho pnblio money cu needless cm- j 'jloycs and party pets. No doora have ! been opened by it to admit a hordo of j rreedv nnd rapacious swindlers. The jaanipnlationa of men of tho "King1' found 330 theatre upon whieh to display their tricks and thievcrie?. What hart it done '' linrli 10 belter tho pnblio credit nnd tho State reputation much looking to alleviate relief from ex isting evils, that could not ba lopped off by a summary process and rent mucJt to wards the purification of official morals. Tl has deposed n a insolent and upstart ty rant ; it ha9 'orced n drunken profligate from tho judicial bench, which he dis graced ; it hv-n given the people of North Carolina, despite the arbitrary action of an accidental Gubernatorial imbecile and the unbecoming sad 1 rtrn-Jndielal Inter ftrenco of partisan Judges, an opportunity o! expressing their will on tho subject of A Convention ; it has treated tho financial status 83 skilfully aa a bad case would ad zsit of ; it has placod onr pnblio institu tioxis bii3 charities in competent hands ; and ita local legislation has beca veil adap ted to tho wants and CTigencien of those ?olicitiD it. In nil of this important work the Demo-cratio-Conservativo Senators nnd Ropro Bentatires of our own immediate Ecction of the Stato have aotcd o prominent part and deserve veil of their constituents. To name any would be invidione Were actuated by a common, honest and patriotic impale. DISTRICT COMMITTEES : I IEST DISTKICT. Carter, D. M., Washington, Chairman. Ransom, M. W., Jackson, Latham, Chas , Fly month, Winston, D. C, Windsor, Eure, M. Ij., Gatesville. Moore. J. E., Williamston, Shaw, W. B., Curritack O. H. 6EOOKD DISTRICT. Kenan, Taos. S., Wilson, Chairman. Iloghes, John, Newbern, Morrieey, W. G., Goldsboro', O'Hagan. Chas. J., Greenville, Jeffrey. A. v., Beaufort, Nixon, R. W,, Jacksonville, Wooten, J. F. Kinston. TIITRI DISTRICT. E?;ii:i.HAr.D, J. A-, Wilmington. Chair man Fuller. T. (' . Fayehaville. McKoy. A. A.. Oiinton, Wall, if. O.. Rockingham, Norment. A. 3., Iiumbertou, Melvtr, J. D., Carthage, r.Uis. J. W.. White viae. roritTH district. Pjxmmei:, E. II., Warreutoo, Chairman. Amis, J. S., Oxford, York, b. W., Morrisville, Coohe, C. M., Louisburg. Leach, J. T.f Loachburg, Drake, J. A., nilliardston, JStrndwick. F. N., Hillfloro. Alor.FHFi, .ins. T., Greensboro, ('hair man, Robin?, M. S., Asheboro', Scales, A. M., Went worth, Hill, Joal F., Wilson's Store, Rubbins, I'rank C, Lexington, Kerr, John, Vanceyville, Jordan, Henry T., Roxboro'. TXTII DISTIiICT. licowN, J. E., Charlotte, Chairman, Armfield, R. F., Statesville, Sobenck, )avid, Linoolnton, Cowles, A. H. H., Wilkesboro', McNeill, Dr. G. C, Catawba Station, llendetson, Jno. S., Salisbury, Pobson, Joseph, Yadkinville. SEVEKTII DISTRICT. Avert, A. C, Morg&nton, Chairman, Cocke, A. M., Asheville, Love, J. R. Jr., Webster, Noill, Q. F., Jefferson, Guder, Jus. M., IJurusvilli', Durham, Plato, Shelby, Gush, Ji. S., Ilisndersonville. root-doctor does to enlightened medical science, inflicted his malignant twaddle on the Senate of the United States, a few days since. If this man's antecedents were properly appreciated, he would not be wel come even in the company which, by vir tue of his CummitsioD, he is now privileged to keep. One who boasted that his only purpose, in seeking office under the Con federate government, was that be might embarrass it, i hardly a fit associate for Butler or for Brownlow. One who advised that some of the beat and most honored citizens of the State such as Bragg, Graham, to." shall be tnrned over to th leudet mercies of m notorious land pirate, who, dead to every feeling of pily." wnid not hesitate to 44 le ihein," is pretty follow to prate aiunt Ku-klnx and ashfrsination ! And ibis he did with that unctuous undChadband stylo, of which he is master. Verily, a mild mannete l a j man, a ever Scuttled a elip cr cut a throat !" I he evidence of Mr. Richard C. Badger, a proaiiuent Rudical, taktn on Saturday lafct before the Puol-Invt-btigation Com mittee of tho Legislature, t stabiiahtd that j the above allegation against Jno. Ptol, in ; count ction with the land-pirate MeLind- say, ". rr'--horrible as it is, and teyolting ! as it is to every high-minded, humane, manly, bravo and honorable mac. Mr. Badger, we learn, while protesting against the right of the Committee to compel him to divulge, confirmed, in every particular, tbe damning charge. Other witnesses had convenient memories, but Badger 4f told ! it all." ! Let the evidence be forwarded to the umteu ataisa seuaie, mat ihp uoa ana Morality " pnrty may te what manner of man Radical reconstruction has given them as a p er and an equal ! the support of tho Radical party by any terrorism, real or tbuMtcned, which Con gress and the President may ho'd over them. We have ! offered too much already from that parly to be deterred by any ap pliances within the power of the Gov ernment. We prefer t fly to tho ills we know not of, than to return to those ehavo already had. No, indeed. North Carolira cannot be frightened back iuto tbe Radi cal camp by such aieau. Wo prefer Can by to Ilolden. We would much rather be under the gowrt-intut of Feleral fIdiers pus was suspended ; that civil law had been subverted in these counties, aud that he would nee tho military to restore it ; that he ordered the arrest of Josiah Tur ner, jr.. in Orange county, which had not been declared in insurrection, and by his officers kept tbe said Turner a prisoner for several days ; that he, without warrant of law, drew large sums of money from tho Treasury for the paynint of these iroops, and that ho disregarded a writ of Injunc tion forbidding tho paymaster to pay said troops, and ordered him to turn over the moncv in his possession to another for the purpose of having it disbursed accord ing to his unlawful orders before tho sec than at the tender mfteit of Pool, Abbott, ond party could be ODioined I. North Carolina, and that tho failure on gbnnity will and has expended itself in vain the part of Kirk to make return to said in endeavoring to get up auck a device fr, Win-, ul-u., v u.;, iiuiiu uj utiu r ui luia iu- spoudent as Guvornor of North Carolina.' Senator S umnei: has one law for Doini LUtlefiel 1, Swepsuu, SI iaii auil their oc federates in power and erirae. Our buffer icgsweretcjo grievous and too rtcent, vni oar humiliation to-jpr-a. What vei else may be io fct'ir.- fur in, v-nh Carolina will continu to vore agaiust reinstating the Radical party iu the State. But hiwever futile are the irrts of these b&se men to re.tjre their party to power, aud regain the iosi!hu and tbe salaries which they have so righlcuusly forfeited, in a materia! point of view their falsehoods, their ma'ice and theii legisla tion is having u most pernicious effect. Population, and capital aie frightened away, our labor system is kept disorgan ized, our credit is dastroyed, and our peo are oppressed with burdens which stifle industry aud check recuperation. The prejudices and hatreds of the war aro fed and strengthened, and gootl men begin to long for peace and law at any cost, save through a restoration of the thieves and scoundrels who have already plundered and ruined the State. We 6ee no prospects for this stata of af fairs to end short of the next Presidential election. General Grant is determined to sacrifice our material interests and our in dividual happiness our lives, if need be to secure a personal triumph. There is nothing that the Southern people can do, f kju inis statement 01 iacis, it is claimed by the managers that the respondent is guilty of the various charges contained in the Article.. The respondent replies that ho was au thorized by the act of Assembly, "To eo cure the better protection of life and pro- perry, raunea tne rjin day ol January, No greater crime against tho Stato exists in niv judgment than thi?, save alono treason. This writ is tho palladium of our liberties, without it our Iive3 would ba at the mercy of our oflicers. With it, our boasted freedom 13, indeed, a reality. Destroy its power and our cherished insti tutions aro emasculated of their virtue. The beneticeut operations of thii legacy gives to tho hnmblcst citizen an equality before his follows with tho most powerful officer. No people ore worthy of, or can maintain their independence, who do not guard with a jealous care every avenuo to this tower of their strength. Tho respond ent, failing to remember its sanctity, rab mits that he undertook to render it inop erative. In this he is guilty, in my judg ment, cf a high crime Tho Governor is sworn to execute tho law, not to make it nor to expound it. Tha Iroopr, which ho 1870, to declaro the said counties in a state I had m the field, beinpr ilecallv organized, of insurrection; that tha courts woro un- j tho Treasurer was enjoined from ufing equal to the duty of enforcing tho lw, and ! pnblij moneys in paying them off. Tho that he was obliged to resort to military (duty of the Governor, ai ( f every citizen, force to preserve order; thht tho par j is to obey th law md respect the order of ties arretted were members of h secret or- I the. Court. Jf ho evades tho law and defies tho older of tho C'itr, who in all tho land will giv tw tho law a willing obedicbt-o ? Yet, in thia initance, tho respondent evaded tho law and by ilieg.il rmac-.s caused to bo with drawn from ILu Treasury Iho subjoined I Alleged L,lbclLi. J. It ice Sati ttie Kobe unian Pretty Hard on Klce. j Lawson E. Rice, carpet-bagger, at pres ent residing in this city, and a famous Radical wire puller, has entered sait against tho Jiobesonian for damage to his reputation, " in tha bum of &'t,000. The Kohest.nii:,, it seems, repeate 1 some charge m made by Galloway, iu public, against the " obaraotor " of said Jj. E. Rice, whereupon tho latter enters suit under lhe following allegations : 1. Thai at tho tini3 hereinafter mentioned, the defendant, W. S, McDairmid, was tbe editor, pro prietor and the pablisher of the liobesonian, a newspaper published at Luraberton, in the oounty of llobeaoa, and Btato of North Carolina, and tbe defendant, Alcllillan, was the aeeoriato editor of ea.nl paper. 2. That on tho ICth day of March, 1371, thn defendant laaliolously published concerning tho plaintin, in said newspaper, tbe fale aud de famatory matter following, t.j wit : "That Rice. The Wi'nungton I'ost nominates Mr. (wby not lion.) Ij. E. Iiino, 44 carpet bag tnier, (thereby meaning the piaintiff,) (accord ing to Galloway) from Massachusetts, as c&ndi- dato for tne convention, ehonld one be beid, and also onr next sheriff." a. That by means of said publication, the plaintin was injured in his repata'ion, to his damige, five thousand dollars. Whereupon Mr. McDiarmid discourses in regard to tho matter, and tcathe Law- son E. Rice pretty severely, and as fob lows, as we clip from yesterday's Bobe sonian : Well, we're mighty sorry, but we can't help it now. Damaged in his reputation five thousand dollars t We presume he means the five thou sand Galloway said he stole from the negroes as vrhsro all 1 man's Bureau. If he is injured in hia reputation niVn an.l minlhi.r fur Mm SS.niH. T,. : no UlOdge UliU tUL'T CHD Oiate, llOCOUrse O course of Ids recent able and learned conduct that they can adopr, nothing can speech agaiust annexation, Iho following 8ave them from tiiy onslaught which Ruli passatre occurs : al m-coitics at the North urge them to. gamzaliou. having fur its object tho over throw of the government, aud LLiit they could not be otherwise dealt with than by tho meant! and in tho manner he used; that the peace of the State dercuoded he should tep us military prisonern the persons ar rested until tbe proper tim;i arrived for j funds which bo wished appropriated to tho Opening of tne Campaign. Iho organization oi tho Democrat io Conservative party spiritedly commenced in this city, on Monday last, Rays the Ral eigh Sentinel, in tho appointment, by the Democratic Conserve tivo members of the General Assembly, of thn following Cen tral and District Eseontivo Committees, The District Committees -were chosen by the members representing the counties of ihe several districts, whilst the Central CQmmittpe vas ohoeen by tho entire body of members present. The next and most important work is the appointment of a County and Town ship Committee. Thia in tho work of the counties themselves ; and it should be seen to that the best and mo3t active men be assigned to thca positions, for after all npon these committesa tho real work of the campaign will fall. No time should be lost in perfecting our organisation. The most active and influential mca should compose these looal organizations. Every oounty ehonld bo thoroaghly aroused ; every towEEhip should have its distinct or ganization, and every voter in overy town ship 6h uld bo seen and talked to and be impressed with bin individual responsi bility on the day of election. The counties in which no meetings havo jot taken plane, should nf onco bentir themselves and get their candidates in tho field and sot on foot an active campaign. Let the best men be now called to tho front men in whom the poople havo full ocnfidecCD men of moderation, wisdom and experienco men to whom no man will hesitate to entrust hi-; interest. And let onr talking men, whether candidates or not, arouso themsalvf m and call out the people and counsel and adviso with them. There never was a time when patriots were more needed. Tho pnoplo are dis tressed aa no people before ever were nore at heart and bewildered, knowing hardly what to do. Now is tho time for the men whom, in more prosperous days, the people ''delighted to honor" to spring to the front to comfort, to console and to advise. In vital importance there never was a campaign equal to the one we now approach. Organize, then, and let every man determine to do his duty and there ia 110 fear of the result. Let the crv be. Convention and tho Regeneration of our State l' The following are the Committees : JHQSOCJUTKJ CONSERVATIVE ORGANIZATION. EXECUTIVE COUMITIEES. CENTRAL EXECUTIVE OOilillTTEK. thereby, we can't h6lp it. If he stole the money he voluntarily took all the risks of detection; and if his theft has been discovered, be has no right to complain of us, especially as he did not .1 1 1 1 , . v - 1 .1 i ufuy id uueu uuargeu upon unu uy aia urouier Galloway in a public meeting, and in the pres ence of a vast audience. If he had consulted up, we ehonld have advised him not to steal the money, and if ho had taken our advice, he oould have successfully repelled all charges or insinu ations, whether made by Galloway or any one elso, damaging to hia reputation. QPocr Rice! injured, bo deeply injured in his reputation ! If ha has exchanged fly thousand dollars' worth of his cltaracter. for that sum in current funds of tbe Free dm en's Bureau, he rught not nnw to be whining about the Joss fit priceless reputetion. " jf he get tb,. raanev from the Bureau, he has already had a fair equivalent for his "character,' never considered very valuable, and we must decline to invest in what remains, I at the h'gh figure proposed by him. Ho. no, i ,4Mr.'' Itice tt won't do. Five thousand dol lars ! For thia .mm we can bey 0250 j lbs. of Cape Foar rice, wbiob, we must own, in these bard times, will serve our purpose much better than this one broken and wounded kernel from Massachusetts. BBAOO, Tbomas, Ra memmon, A. Bledsoe, M. A. DeCarteret, J, Q,, eigh, Chairman. Baabee, O. M., Litohford, J. J., Buttle. B, H Thi Connecticut KSerfion. Although the election for Governor ia yet in doubt, sufficient is known to ascer tain the political status of the State. We will not attempt to disgnise the fact of our disappointment. We supposed that tho election of Governor EngtiTsii waa certain, and that the Democrats would at least divide tho Congressional delegation with the Radicals, making a gain of one mem ber. We did not know to what extent the colored vote, which was cast for the fir6t time, and the local dissensions in the New Haven district in regard to their candidate for Congress, would influence the election. Wo thought only of the result In New Hampshire and the growing unpopu larity of President Grant. One year ago Governor Excmsn was elected by eight hundred majority, but at the same time the Radical majority in the State, on the Congressional ticket, was twenty-four hundred. So that the success of the Democratic candidate was owing more to his individual popularity than to the strength of the party. In addition to this Radical majority, there were from one thousand to fifteen hundred negroes added to the voting population, nine-tenths of whom voted the straight Radical ticket. It is estimated that the unfortunate nomi nation for Congress in the New Haven district cost the Democrats one thousand votes. But as it is, there has been a consider able Democratic gain among the whites of Connecticut The rural districts show a steady increase of Democratio votes, while the cities, where the blacks principally re side, show large Radical gains. Governor English receives a larger vote than ever before by several thousand, bnt the "col ored troops fought nobly," and may pos sibly have succeeded in electing Governor Jewell. John Pool. ThiA political charlatan, who beam aboni the tama rbrtion to BtatetaRnihip that a) 4 The example of Hiiaiu ia l c-eaforcci by an Englieh precedent, where nny ba ceu ia th light of analogy tbe true rule of ooEdict. By & statute of the last century a 1 soldiers quartered at the place of an election tor members of Par liament were removod at leant one day before the election to tbo distance of two miles or more, and though the statute has been modified latterly, the principle has beea preserved. No soldier within two utiles of a placo of election is allowed to go out of tbe barracks or quart era in which he is stationed, unless to raouut guard or to vote. This sdteu&rd of c leo iona ia viudio&ted by the great commentator, Sir William i!iacktoae when he says, 4'it iscseential to the very being of Parliament ihat election should be absolute ly free, therefore all undue influenced upon the doctors are illegal and stroDgiy prohibited " j (Blackstone, Comm., vol. i., p. 173; Stephens, j Ooifim , vol. ii , p. 491. ) In accordance wuh -.hie j principle, aa early as 179J, a committer' of the j other House of Con.;ross reported aiuat the ! scat of a lieprtBeuttttive ou tbe grUL.i that Uni ted States troops we. a quartered near tho placo of election and were mm c'led iu a bod.; round the Uomt House. (Ootitated Eiec;iouts, p. 79 case of Mr. t reioj.) Aud now that an e wiou is to occur iu St. Uoituugo, where naiia&l in dependence is the qa Biiou, n -thing i clearer than that it should Of, iu tne lstnguae of l!!tiC atone, "absolute y fie-," ai d to iiiit end ail naval ; fore:) should bo withdrawn af iettt until the, : "election" ia determined. LoidCokd the great English authority, tells us that election is "heo I a r.ian is left to his own free will, t trke or do ! one thinn or another which he pleases. " (Coke ; Lilt., 11.) iat the Dominican peopld must be j left to their own free will. j All this is true and forcible, lint it it : a pity, for consistency's sake, at least, I that the same ideas did not obtain with Sumner, when he was assisting to force carpet-bag rulers and governments upon the poople of the South at the point cf the bayonet. Within a few feet of him, when he uttered the foregoing, there sat a man who had written, as it were with the sword Tarty tiiumph, and not the good of ti e country, is the incentive of their action. The httter will be sacrificed iu the, we trust, vain effort to secure the formor. Our citizens can rnuko up their minds to their fate. We have borne it ttith com mendable patience in tho part, we must do so iu the future, though it chafer our pride and exhansls our energies. We should look to it, at least, tu it when the time does come that wo t-hall do our full surrendering them to the civil authorities and claims that hh military force was rightfully orgauized as militia troop?. It is to me perfectly apparent that u esso is nude out against respondent unles! his defences thereto justify him. I feball first examine ihe artiohs charg ing him with the comiuif-.si.iii of a high crime in dec.J&rlng tho counties iu a state of insurrection. To my mind the authori ties cited are conclusive that there can be no secret insurrection ; that to constitute insurrection theio must be open armed resistance t . tho existing government by some of the persons owing allegiance there to. Now tbs facts are that in Caswell two men aro iaurderod, and iu Alamanca two murders uro committed and tundry persons of low charccter, aro Uoggod; Shut tbeso outrages were commute! m secret, .signifies oidy that the perpetrators j tutreol feared the law rather tuau dtlu-d it; that su far fioiu defying civil law ttey sought to evade its expected pwntlfii-H by nil the rus-of their ingenuity could invent. It insurrection bo a ilagraut opposition to and definauce of the existing govt rnratut, the course of those who committed tho outrages has none of tho "outward and visibie" signs of insurrection. These in fractious of tho law were committed by members of secret associations, but it does not appear that tho objects of those asso ciations were resistance Jo established government, ad the commission ot such acts as partake of the nature of insurrec tion They did not undertake to subvert payment of his unlawful .soldiery ; calls into existence an illegally organized body of troops, uses them lor an unlawful pur pose, and violates tho law to pay them for their services. Under this charge there eau be t;; doubt of his L.tiilt. Tho ro uifiiuieg eh urges relate to tho arrest of citizeun of Alainaueoand Ca.swcll counties. Of the lrgo number urreuto! there were none taken under warrants properly made out, bat they were seized at tho inetance bnl by dine, ion of respondent with uttar difcregurd of tho provisions of tho Consti tution, Jf thero had been insurrection and thetc mca Lad engaged therein, his acts might have been lawful, but there was no insurrection, and tbo capture aud detention of ihcyo parlies were wilLuui, tho SiiiCtiou of law. Among them worn mimbcnd romo of tho tiuest abd most dt rerving eitir.ms of Norch Carolina : Ihcsc. with Iheir neighbors wore ariesitd on tin; mere mo tion of bis Excellency, without warrant, and ai far us this Court can discover, with out a fceinii la of evidence implicating tbtiu iu any violation' of tho law. Had they tngagtd in auy crimiual undertaking their appieher.sloii might be excused, but tecro is not even an insinuation that most of them had committed auy offence known to tbo law. As for tho members of tho ce-c-ret organizations shown to havo ex isted in the.se counties, they do de serve harsh punishment fiom tho hands t f inexorable justice. Not oven can the repoLderjt entertain for them a greater aversion than lnytelf. Rut these societies uero tho fungus growth of the times, aud in checking tbern, it was crim inal in tbo respondent to deprive innocent citizens of their dearest rights. Tho Con- Aa a Senator sworn in this behalf, I have to submit my judgment arising from tho facts and arguments prefcenteJ to this Court during the trial. It appears from tho evidence before the Court that there were sundry violations of the law in Alamance county during the years 18G8-G9, embracing two murders and numerous whippings. There were also two murders committed in Caswell county, and in both counties running through the same time, there were instances of barn itself, his own credential as United j burnings, the perpetrators of these outrages t 1 1 1 i V 1 u f l t: rr tt m rill f tl i rr y- duty tost cue a President under whose j not interfered with, proces : conld at all wise and liberal administration. the.-e ! times be served. iiHrsnm Acnntl of persecaticn- will ceae never 1o be re- I orime couM be tried and punished hh1 !'V.nvtUiu,.i.na,wi i.,..,,.!,-... ! if a jury of 'their cmutrymaa had found .. ... o . . J I them guiby, aud the forms of law at h-at't Jtitutiou and the Taws urn wr-rth iiofhing, ticeand cq.juliry wul give the South t-uch a remained. Ii is trne tho roipond.-nt clairts f l-ey cau bo violated with impunity at start in the r-st. intion of h r uiuterial iu- : tbat the .-pirituf our beneticeut lLbtituticn !'- rbit rary will off-ue man. They aro terost'i as will place her above and beyond ! nad departed aud that juiies always b.iled ! iktet.dfd not merely to limit povvt r iu the malice tmd detraction of politicians i to ?ODvict mt n belonging to ihese" orgaui j qu-t tiw, but rather to prevent encroach- XI LllUl Wtrirt fS Uli HsrriiDIl II U I ; -m- ufi-a UK' iiyi:itiie i IUU i(j.lU 15lrK.iaiMT OK V. liOHHC , :aJstaued by evident?) the fault was in the I mode of trial, and is auevidemo of the luefhcieney of human devices to attain a perfect administration of justice. It is alleged that, witnesses end jurors wou'd not do their duty would perjuro them selves, and tho criminals would 0Gcaii3 uu Mi'vu M J 2 tlOC) J Ct, A A VLi lo V tlu until human . intelligence cau be impa'rtfd luiun uiucij, ojii.jh er so cau Lcvf Ln picked by it, for tho rimplo reason, that tho bolls open unevenly and at different times, hence it is necessary that dhcrimiu ation must bo used in picking it. the rire and open bolls must bo selected and llQ unripo ones left, and this can onlv bedorjo by a power governed and controlled by rea son and intelligence. This new invention contemplates monsc saving in labor and material in the cultivation of cct'on it looks to tho cath eringatono time, of the entire crop JiU all other crops, it, looks to remedying tho great aud growing want of tho age, viz: the scarcity and txpen&ivenvss of labor. Tho plan proposed is this ; to allow a'l the cot'ou or us much thereof as cannot bo conveniently and economically pickel by baud before that time, to remain on the stalk until ths frost strikes it then the machine is to be placed ul once in the field and everything, open cotton aud cot ton balk, bo h Jnrgo r nd small, will be at once gathered and cirricd to tho pin house, whon by another machine invented uy iuo same pany, an mo unopened ball will bo tt onoo opened and the cotton picked from them, as well ns the already openeel balls. In this way nil the txj ens' Of hand picking, will be saved and the en" tiro crop will be occured, whereas low the picking of that which opens by sun or bos: is exceedingly costly and very irUomo to tho planter, bts:do:i which from one-hfil-to one-third of tho entire crop in loi,t by reason of many of the b'lls never oocnino atall. L bj It may not bo genetah'y known but it i, neverthelet s true, that every boll no mat ter how green or Fmall, even if no larger than a marble, has good cottou ia it by this process all this is faved. Dcidci tins all tbo cotton boll hulls will thus bo savej at tho gin'houRo where thty can readily be utilized for manure. The principal features of this v.tluablo invention aro as follows : Iu front of n wagon the body of which is lower behind than in front, aro arranged two ttaticnary horizontal cylinders, open at the ton with inelinstl planes tending to a common cen tre, nbout theso rovolvo cases upon which are airaogcd rows of curved fosth or cornba, these teeth engage the limbs or branches of the cotton plant and htiip from it all tho bolls, these aro carried up to the top of tho open cylinders into which they drop upon tho inclined planes, from which they pass in a conduit into tho body of the wagon. As noon as the wagon is full tby aro transferred to another jind carried at onco to t belter. The revolution of the frame containing tho teeth is pro- auceci oy gearing attached to tho wheeli of the wagon and ia in reverse direction to the movement of tho wheels. The machine above tlescribed ii intend ed to pick two rows of cottou at tho bam:; time and it is estimated that it will pick six acres or more per day. If it fulfills what it promisc3 it will mako tho South ern planter. comparatively independent cu tho labor questiou, aud put millions of additional dollars into their pockets annually. Hiid OPINIO Or1 SKSAT it McCLAMMV, OF THE TUIttTEKSTH DISTKICT when ,4l"l?.a.sou i'orsikeft hot throue, passion roles tbo hour." UlLOKK, TXIK riUltUKKKIt I tie silent a In i!ic Singular pian'rf Career folates Senator ! We mean Ames, of Mis eissippi, who literally bayoneted the Legislature of that State into his election. And yet Mr. Sumner voted for the ad mission of Ames and has sanctioned tbe whole system of military violence anel in timidation that had marked "Reconstruc tion !" Alleged Soutliern Disorders Tlielr t'oliil- ral and Material Kffeet. We are glad that our immediate Repre ¬ sentative in Congress, as well as the entire Conservative-Democratic delegation from the South, have not only not shunned any effort to have the alleged Sonthern disor ders investigated, but have demanded that tbey thould be. lhe people of North Carolina and of the other Southern States oonrt a thorough investigation into iheir ojnduct since the war. Tf a Committee of honorable, truthful mon, who would come in the interests of right and jtutiee, and not as the mere tool of party caucus, ehonltl be eet.t into the Southern States, tbey would be welcomed, and every facili ty extended them to further their in vestigations. This we can hardly hopo for. But, conscious of the integrity and law-abiding character of our people, we would hp glad to have the investigation anyhow. So far as North Carolina is concerned we do not care a fctiver for the political effect of these slanders and vituperations, nor the Ku-Klux legislation of Congress. Indeed, if we looked npon it merely in a ; political aspect, we would be glad. Radi calism is dead in this State, and these ne farious efforts to reinstate it will only serve to nnite us. Whatever form these persecutions assume they only bind our people more closely together. The legis lation of Congres?, the high crimes cf Holden, the theits of Littbfield, tho per juries of Bojd, the partisan opinions of Judge Russell, the Loyal Leagues, the ig norance and corruption of the Judiciary, nay, even the "licensed infirmity" of Chief Justice Pearson, and the unlicensed in- Jirmilt of Judge Jones, all viewed in a po litical aspect merely, form capital planks in the Conservative platform. Whenever the Northern masses sicken and grow tired of the horrid tales of Southern outrage and lawlessness, concocted for political purposes, they will ceaee, for Holden, Boyd, Iiuspell, Tourgee, "Tray, Blanche and Sweethearfi," appreciate full well that their political efficacy is lost in the $outh. Even Pool, with all his brazen effrontery and cowardly abase of North Carolina a loathsome reservior for the reception and distillation of the foulest slanders of bis people and State knows that he must look elsewhere to receive farther pay for hia treachery. The time has gone by when onr people oaa be ither frightened or cajoled into against the peace of the State were, it ap pears, acting against each other were taking retaliatory steps. It is proved that there existed secret societies of various names, one composeel almobt entirely of blacks, aud operating in the interest of a political party, and others composed of whites an i having also, perhaps, political objects. It is not by any means estab lished that these secret organizations had any purpose to subvert the Government, but were rather organizations, like vigi lance committee, to punish those offenders against tho law and against society who were not pun idied in the Courts. It does not appear that there existed any thing like a tjtrnggle between the raees. Republican negroes were, it is in evidence. so, the very act which tho respondent From ihs Troy Times, March 29. V m l-i 1 't ll-KlVn Ail ft, a r. n mm t . 1 iro?S.gar IT aathony ffor, llsactl1ou'! dispute the particulars of an incident iu FlivlJ JfV th5 rt?VH f the.tria of ! the career of this remarkable man which published, and which he wt wov. a ii nuim mo uucuo V UO LU 111 LL1 1 1 ILU. ; liut to my mind, while the existence of such a slate of society is to be deplored. and while it is to be regretted that the sacred institution of trial by jury should ever cease to operate as a wholesome check on crime, yet this does not o nstituto iu feurrectioa, nor does tho commission. of any number of offentvs, whether punished or nots having a different naturo from insur rection, constitute that offence. The respondent, however, relies on the "Shoffner act." without entering into a discu-sion of the constitutionality of the act, and only characterizing it us an un wise grant of eliecretionary power, perhans beyond the scope of legislation under the Constitution of North Carolina. I am of opinion that tbe respondent was by the terms of the act itself, forced to exercise a proper discretion. Now, not regarding the subtle distinctions that the learned coun sel have argued at such length, a dispas sionate consideration of the facts forbid me to view the oonduct of the respondent tr ated in the earao manner in Alamance as being tho result of a elesiro to execute and Caswel! as in other parts of the State i lUe aw t 9 apparent to my mind that whenever their alleged crimes did not ren der them obnoxious to the communities in which they ret-ided, and in general the two race were found there occupying much the tame relations to each other as in other tections of tho State. It U in evidence that the respondent issued frequent proclamations calling on the people cf these counties to maintain orde and that he subaecuentlv nroelaimpd ! said couuties in'a state of insurienti.n. that he, on or about the 21st day of June 1871, organized a mi itary force by ap pointing Geo. W. Kirk, Colonel, who called for reo uits iu the following procla mation, printed from a docament proven to have been in the tan J-writincr of the . respondent : "Rally Union meu ! Jo defence of your State ! lially soldier of vht old i, 0. Si and ld federal Troops. Rally to the standard of your old Com mander. Your old commander has been commis eioncd to raise at once a regiment of State Troops to aid in enforcing the laws and ;u puiiing aown disloyal midnight assassins. The blood of yoar murdered country men, inhumanly butchered for opinion's sake, cries from the ground for vengeance. The horrible murders and other atrocities committed by rebel K. K. K. and South ern Chivalry ' on gray haired men aud helpless women, call in thunder tones on all loyal men to rally in defence of their State. The uplifted hand of justice. North Carolina 2nd and 3rd Federal troops, must overtake these outlaws," under which proclamation he organized a regiment claiming $o be State troops, over twp han dred (200) of whom were from other States, and three hundred and ninety nine (399) under the age of twenty-one. These troops he distributed at several points, but chiefly in these two conntie. It appears also that there was besides and prior to tha or ganization of this force, a company of United States regulars in each of these counties, under instructions to enforce the law and amply sufficient to do so if there he was actuated by motives ihat should not govern the executive of tho Stale. He i did hot haye at heart the discharge of the 1 i r -1 .. .. - aunes inciaenc to nis omceso much as other designs, which were totally incompatible with those duties, flis intent, hU object. is piainiy suown oy the lacts. Uoi. Clarke, it was arranged, was to have had charge of tho military organization ; but this ar rangement was est aside, because he is a mau of too much chaiacter to answer the purposes of respontlent, and was re placed by a pei son of notoriously bad reputation, imported into this State as a proper tool to accomplish siuisfcr purpo ses. To secure fitting material for tho ex ecution of the vile project, an illegal forco is raised partly from tho lawless reeions of Tennessee, and these troops, well suited to obey such a leader in such an enterprise, are eent into a county whore no insurrection exists j where no outrages are being com mitted, and where there is a fetrong force of J United States troops already quartered, under the pretext of suppressing insurrec tion, bat with the real intent to control the election. Now. what was the conduct of this officer and his troops, as showing tho intent of their commander, the respondent ? They arrested without warrant, without bail, and on no charge, the political opno nents of their commander;they incarceruteel these prisoners, against; whom there waa not a particle of evident, aud who were nMt even suspected of crime, iu foul cells : they broke up public meetings of peacea ble citizens, by the seizure of the best and most esteemed members of tho communitv: XI A 1J -,1 - tuey toojt iorcioie possession of the Court house, and turned the, qCIcers of the law out nf their appointed places of business ; they threatened to bum the town of Yancey ville, and resorted to all the means their ingenuity could devise to precipitate a eonfliot between the citizens and the soldiers; to exasperate them or to terrify them and prevent a free exDressimi of tho popular will at the polls. Such was tae orjeci, sucn the meanR employed for its consummation, and such the conduct oi me respondent who by a stroke of his himself recently tcld to an intimate friend as an illustration of the "hard luck" which has attended him all through life. Raloff stated to this gentleman that upon his re lease from tbo Auburn Prison he wander ed down into Pennsylvania, and having perieec commence iu m ability to fill al most any position in tho faculty of a col lege, applied for a professorship in Jeffer son College. Thero was no permanent opening for him in the institution; but the professors gave him norno clerical work to do, and in a little while satisfiod themselves of his remarkable scientific and literary attainment", so that when an ap plication came from Chapel Hill College, in North Carolina, for a professor of lan guage?, tho faculty cf JclferEon were able to recommend Rnloff to it as a proper per son to fill the position. Whi'.o proparing to accept the professorship at Chapel Hill he leceived a letter from Mra, Jarvi3, tho wife of the Ithaca jailor "whom ho had se duced, and through whom he was enabled to make his escape from prison, to the effeci that she had left her husband and was living with her ton (tho same who was drowned in the river at Binghampton after the murder), in destitute circum stances, and demanding tho sum of $500 forpre.Siing and immediate wante. The letter contained a nolo from the kou that unless the money wer, forthcoming ho would kill Rnloff on sight the first time they met. lTc wts utterly without the means to send eo largo a sum. Gratitude and love both conspired in his breast to induce one earneet effort lo tecure the money aud pend it to tho only woman he ever loved. His meditations letl him to device the robbery of a jewelry store in a neighboring village, and putting his plans into execution he carried them out eacccs? fully and plundered tho ytoro of a consid erable amount of jewelry. This he tied lip ia hi3 handkerchief, nnd as rapidly as possible fled from the 6ceuo of bis crime. Traveling alcur the highway in the early morning ho was overtaken by a stranger who reluctantly f?ave him pormief icn'to ride. They had proceeded but a few miles when two horsemen approached them and arrested them for horse stealing the very wagon in which RuloiT was riding having been ttolcu fan previous evening by his companion. He was a dilema even for so had been any resistance thereto. That ' b3a could have countermanded the orders ai -1- a . a -m . - - ( a- 4 Vv & 3 these State troops proceeded to arrest di vers persons named Jn the articles, and to detain them against their will, the persons being incarcerated and badly treated, and in some instances subjected to torture. Some of these par ties petitioned for and were granted the State's writ of habeas corpus, which" was served on the military officer having the petitioners in confinement, who refused to obey the writ ; that the respondent sanc tioned this refusal of his military subordi nate, claiming that the writ of habeas cor- tnat subverted civil liberty. The Constitution of North Carolina, art. I, sep. 31, saya that "Tho privileges of the writ of habeas corpus shall not be suspenel ed." . The evidence under art. v, is that the respondent had in control under the guard of amilitary force sundry citizens deprived of their liberties without due process of law; that they petitioned for tho writ, and the respondent in his answer to art. v. of the articles of impeachment, acZ mils that said arrests and detention were approved by respondent as Governor of skilful a villain a.3 tho Professor of Chapel Hill College. But his t cheek " saved him. Persisting ihat ho knew nothing of the voPDery oi tho nore and wagon, but was a chance passenger picked up by the real tbicf upon tho highway, aud being able to prove his good character by the Professors at JefTer3on College, ho was discharged at the examination upon tho accusation oi horse scaling, but before ho had loft the court t,A V? 1 m . . loom mo oiucers looKing ior tho burglar who had stolen tho jewelry came in, iden tified the property fennd in tho wagon and insisted upon arresting him for thia crime. Rnloff was in no wise abashed. Tho same confident air which he had maintained all the tryiDg ordeal aud the testimony cf the Professors served him to the end, and declaring his ignorance of all knowledge of tho burglary, as well as of tho horso 6.eaiiDg, ho waa a second timo discharged ; while his companion was held for both Crimea, aud ultimately suffered tho punish ment for tho very offenoe which Ruloff himself had .committed... In describing this incident in his hfo RulofI laughed and said it was only one instance of tho "devi lish hard luck" which had followed him all through his varied career. - . rrom lhe Newbern Journal of Oommeroe. . ? Cotton and Cotton Boll FickerFatent lMud JUarcli as, J871, to MJr . Job5 ngni,olNwbtrn, W. V, . - v. 4 This machine is not what is Btrictlv ; da-M nominated a 'cotton nicker. "-'MaVir. -4 CAVH FIOAU AUUIi;ii,TlIKAu AihOCiA TU. KAItt Of lSZi-fr-JUbU lllOl'a', The Oilicers and Kxeeutivo Committee of the ('ape Fear Agricultural Ashoc-iaf ion oiler tho following liberal premiums upon Field Crop;;, to be determined at the next Annual Fair, in advanco of the publication id tho reuTr Premium List : COTTON. For beat and larfjeiat crop oC Cottou unoa four (1) acres or moro ol upland, with statement of quality of soil, modo of cultivation, amount and kind of manure used, the timo of plantiu;; and variety of Cotton ; the lan d to Lo meaburtu uu thtj yield to bo vouched for by ajjidacii rolativo valuo of crop abovo espouses to bo the standard : lat rrcniim -Sterling fcilv. r rialc, value VJi 2d " ... ... y0 31 44 " 20 For boat and largest crop of (Jottoa upou one (1) aero of upland. Konlations namo r.n above : Premium- Sterling bilvor Plato, valno i'2j cons'. For beet and largest crop of Corn grown npon four (1) acres of upland. Itcgul&ticns tamo as for Cotton; two (2) bnahola to lo exhibited aa eample : lt rromiuru --yteriing f'ilvcr TIaI?, va'.uo f.V) Ol II t. t i g, - 1 .... ll- i 44 " 44 44 2i- For bwl crop of Corn grown upon oao (I) H?ro upiaud. fiaino re;;ulaltoui as above : rremium Uterlin t'ilvor Plate, value WHEAT. For tbo largoal jiolJot Wheat from iivo (.") acres ; nnder eauie ruius and regulation a above for Cotton and Corn : sterling Silver Tlale, value $20 OATS AND BYE. For largout jiold of Oats or live. Hamo regu lations as abovo ; two baehola to bo exhibited : Kach, bterling Bilvor Plato, value $20 T0TAT0E3. For largest crop Sweet Totatooa upou ono (1) acre ; one-fourth to to dug and two (2) bushels to be exhibited aa sample : Premium Sterling Silver Plate, va'ue 110 For largest crop of Irish rotatocs upon one-half aero. Bamo regulations aj n.bovo for Sweet Potatoes : Premium - Sterling Silver Plato. yuIuo.. f 10 TEAS. .tC. A.C. For largtat crop of Peanuts upon ono aero ; for largest yield of otock Pea a upoa ono aero; for largodt yield of Turnipj upou ono acre; for largoat yield of lijt ta upon ono acre. Two buehfcls of each to bu exhibited ; under tame regulations as other cropd : Preunuui.each tittrlics Silver Plate, viluo. .f 10 hay. For Urgtst yield Pca-Vmu; Hay onu bvo iu U exhibited : Sterling Silver P.:ato, va'uo 10 For largest yield Native Greu ; one halo to bo exhibited; quality and quantity to bo con. eidered : rremium 3trrlinr; Siive. Tlate, valu; $c'J Largest yield Red Clover upon ona acre ; largebt jieid Cultivated Grasses upon ono ecre ; one balo of each to be oxhibitod : Premium, oach-3ilvoj Plato, value $10 To the farmer who raises and applies tho large3t quantity of Domestics Mtnarc3 to, and by each borae, mulo or ox, tuei. ia tho cal Ovation cf bin farm, tho quantity to bo certified to by two or ruoro eouipfetcnt witn-wsoe, a Prc-miam of . $50 in Solid Silver Plato. AU tho rules and regulation upeoifiod in tbe foregoing Premiums must ba complied with Affidavits and cert'jicaies, aj required, to be filed with tha General Secretary, when the articles are entered, oLhenoise the Awardic;, Committees Will withhold Premiums. "Wilrnington.'.February Cl, 1571. Govebnor Holden is in Washington and afraid to return to North Carolina, where ho is liable to suits for damages for his illegal arrest and highhanded coarse. Thi affords a curious commentary on tho fitc rics of Southern disorders, and places the Washington authoritiei iu the attitude of protecting a criminal. Governor Holden has been dropped by tho Republican lead ers in elisgust, and no measures will bo taken to rcinstato him. Bat ho U im mensely rich. The closo of tho war found him a miserablo poor secession editor. Now ho is a disgraced Radical Governor and is enormously woalthy. Now York Democrat., t , . The Plahtera Iioan and Savings Bank has been opened WAngusta Gaft will AAA AAA I-J 11 t . . .. !