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Wilmington journal. [volume] (Wilmington, N.C.) 1844-1895, April 14, 1871, Image 4

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TJIK WIMIINOTON JOURNAL
j - . -
WILMINGTON, N. C
PllIDAV, APniti?. 1871.
The Leg IIa tare.
The General Assembly of the State atl
jocrned on yesterday until tho ftrst Mon
day in November next.
The merits of Legislative bodies are to
ba measured, much by what they may
have vnden? and emitted to do, as by what
they may '? Ganged by all of
these standards, the Democratic-Conservative
Legislature, which has just adjourn
ed, has satisfied tho pnblio expectation and j
entitled itself to tho commendation r.nti
applause of tho people of tho State.
What i.aa it undone "' It has swept
rrora enr statute bonkr thoinfamonsBhoff
ner Act, under . ol.-r of which tho late
Governor Ilolden called hia brigand into .
the field and robbed and maltreated unof
fending communities a:i Aft which, when j
rend, in after years, by tho lights of dis- j
passion, will excite the horror and the in !
orednlity cf those who r.re to succeed np. I
It baa expunged from our code tho villain-:
oca system of espionage, which employed i
low pimps and plunderers the cifscouring j
o society to noso out domestic and per- j
socal privacies, to bo tortured into agon-!
ciea of oppression and insnlf. It h.t3 done ;
away with numerous - npcrnnmorary attaches
of Executive p.itronngc, who were eating
oat tho snbrtano of the people, nnd cur
railed tho pay of others, who vero filling
inecnro positions. Tt haa repealed legis- j
lation, vrhirh afforded a covert for the
tbieve3 whr have despoiled the ftfato !
Treasury. j
What has it omitted t do ? It has:
wieely omitted (contrary to the falso clamor j
cf the Radical leader.-, who thereby tought j
to excite tho alarm and arouse- the passions i
o! tho negroes,) to adopt any legislation j
which bcaro more bnrdly upon tho black
than tbu white luan. it has nut E'juan
dercd tho pnblio money cu needless cm- j
'jloycs and party pets. No doora have !
been opened by it to admit a hordo of j
rreedv nnd rapacious swindlers. The
jaanipnlationa of men of tho "King1' found
330 theatre upon whieh to display their
tricks and thievcrie?.
What hart it done '' linrli 10 belter tho
pnblio credit nnd tho State reputation
much looking to alleviate relief from ex
isting evils, that could not ba lopped off
by a summary process and rent mucJt to
wards the purification of official morals.
Tl has deposed n a insolent and upstart ty
rant ; it ha9 'orced n drunken profligate
from tho judicial bench, which he dis
graced ; it hv-n given the people of North
Carolina, despite the arbitrary action of
an accidental Gubernatorial imbecile and
the unbecoming sad 1 rtrn-Jndielal Inter
ftrenco of partisan Judges, an opportunity
o! expressing their will on tho subject of
A Convention ; it has treated tho financial
status 83 skilfully aa a bad case would ad
zsit of ; it has placod onr pnblio institu
tioxis bii3 charities in competent hands ;
and ita local legislation has beca veil adap
ted to tho wants and CTigencien of those
?olicitiD it.
In nil of this important work the Demo-cratio-Conservativo
Senators nnd Ropro
Bentatires of our own immediate Ecction
of the Stato have aotcd o prominent part
and deserve veil of their constituents. To
name any would be invidione
Were actuated by a common, honest and
patriotic impale.
DISTRICT COMMITTEES :
I IEST DISTKICT.
Carter, D. M., Washington, Chairman.
Ransom, M. W., Jackson,
Latham, Chas , Fly month,
Winston, D. C, Windsor,
Eure, M. Ij., Gatesville.
Moore. J. E., Williamston,
Shaw, W. B., Curritack O. H.
6EOOKD DISTRICT.
Kenan, Taos. S., Wilson, Chairman.
Iloghes, John, Newbern,
Morrieey, W. G., Goldsboro',
O'Hagan. Chas. J., Greenville,
Jeffrey. A. v., Beaufort,
Nixon, R. W,, Jacksonville,
Wooten, J. F. Kinston.
TIITRI DISTRICT.
E?;ii:i.HAr.D, J. A-, Wilmington. Chair
man Fuller. T. (' . Fayehaville.
McKoy. A. A.. Oiinton,
Wall, if. O.. Rockingham,
Norment. A. 3., Iiumbertou,
Melvtr, J. D., Carthage,
r.Uis. J. W.. White viae.
roritTH district.
Pjxmmei:, E. II., Warreutoo, Chairman.
Amis, J. S., Oxford,
York, b. W., Morrisville,
Coohe, C. M., Louisburg.
Leach, J. T.f Loachburg,
Drake, J. A., nilliardston,
JStrndwick. F. N., Hillfloro.
Alor.FHFi, .ins. T., Greensboro, ('hair
man, Robin?, M. S., Asheboro',
Scales, A. M., Went worth,
Hill, Joal F., Wilson's Store,
Rubbins, I'rank C, Lexington,
Kerr, John, Vanceyville,
Jordan, Henry T., Roxboro'.
TXTII DISTIiICT.
licowN, J. E., Charlotte, Chairman,
Armfield, R. F., Statesville,
Sobenck, )avid, Linoolnton,
Cowles, A. H. H., Wilkesboro',
McNeill, Dr. G. C, Catawba Station,
llendetson, Jno. S., Salisbury,
Pobson, Joseph, Yadkinville.
SEVEKTII DISTRICT.
Avert, A. C, Morg&nton, Chairman,
Cocke, A. M., Asheville,
Love, J. R. Jr., Webster,
Noill, Q. F., Jefferson,
Guder, Jus. M., IJurusvilli',
Durham, Plato, Shelby,
Gush, Ji. S., Ilisndersonville.
root-doctor does to enlightened medical
science, inflicted his malignant twaddle on
the Senate of the United States, a few
days since. If this man's antecedents were
properly appreciated, he would not be wel
come even in the company which, by vir
tue of his CummitsioD, he is now privileged
to keep. One who boasted that his only
purpose, in seeking office under the Con
federate government, was that be might
embarrass it, i hardly a fit associate for
Butler or for Brownlow. One who advised
that some of the beat and most honored
citizens of the State such as Bragg,
Graham, to." shall be tnrned over to
th leudet mercies of m notorious land
pirate, who, dead to every feeling of
pily." wnid not hesitate to 44 le ihein,"
is pretty follow to prate aiunt Ku-klnx
and ashfrsination ! And ibis he did with
that unctuous undChadband stylo, of which
he is master. Verily, a mild mannete l a
j man, a ever
Scuttled a elip cr cut a throat !"
I he evidence of Mr. Richard C. Badger,
a proaiiuent Rudical, taktn on Saturday
lafct before the Puol-Invt-btigation Com
mittee of tho Legislature, t stabiiahtd that
j the above allegation against Jno. Ptol, in
; count ction with the land-pirate MeLind-
say, ". rr'--horrible as it is, and teyolting
! as it is to every high-minded, humane,
manly, bravo and honorable mac. Mr.
Badger, we learn, while protesting against
the right of the Committee to compel him
to divulge, confirmed, in every particular,
tbe damning charge. Other witnesses had
convenient memories, but Badger 4f told
! it all."
! Let the evidence be forwarded to the
umteu ataisa seuaie, mat ihp uoa ana
Morality " pnrty may te what manner of
man Radical reconstruction has given them
as a p er and an equal !
the support of tho Radical party by any
terrorism, real or tbuMtcned, which Con
gress and the President may ho'd over
them. We have ! offered too much already
from that parly to be deterred by any ap
pliances within the power of the Gov
ernment. We prefer t fly to tho ills we
know not of, than to return to those ehavo
already had. No, indeed. North Carolira
cannot be frightened back iuto tbe Radi
cal camp by such aieau. Wo prefer Can
by to Ilolden. We would much rather be
under the gowrt-intut of Feleral fIdiers
pus was suspended ; that civil law had
been subverted in these counties, aud that
he would nee tho military to restore it ;
that he ordered the arrest of Josiah Tur
ner, jr.. in Orange county, which had not
been declared in insurrection, and by his
officers kept tbe said Turner a prisoner for
several days ; that he, without warrant of
law, drew large sums of money from tho
Treasury for the paynint of these iroops,
and that ho disregarded a writ of Injunc
tion forbidding tho paymaster to pay said
troops, and ordered him to turn over the
moncv in his possession to another for
the purpose of having it disbursed accord
ing to his unlawful orders before tho sec
than at the tender mfteit of Pool, Abbott, ond party could be ODioined
I.
North Carolina, and that tho failure on gbnnity will and has expended itself in vain
the part of Kirk to make return to said in endeavoring to get up auck a device fr,
Win-, ul-u., v u.;, iiuiiu uj utiu r ui luia iu-
spoudent as Guvornor of North Carolina.'
Senator S umnei: has one law for Doini
LUtlefiel 1, Swepsuu, SI iaii auil their oc
federates in power and erirae. Our buffer
icgsweretcjo grievous and too rtcent, vni
oar humiliation to-jpr-a. What vei else
may be io fct'ir.- fur in, v-nh Carolina
will continu to vore agaiust reinstating
the Radical party iu the State.
But hiwever futile are the irrts of
these b&se men to re.tjre their party to
power, aud regain the iosi!hu and tbe
salaries which they have so righlcuusly
forfeited, in a materia! point of view their
falsehoods, their ma'ice and theii legisla
tion is having u most pernicious effect.
Population, and capital aie frightened
away, our labor system is kept disorgan
ized, our credit is dastroyed, and our peo
are oppressed with burdens which stifle
industry aud check recuperation. The
prejudices and hatreds of the war aro fed
and strengthened, and gootl men begin to
long for peace and law at any cost, save
through a restoration of the thieves and
scoundrels who have already plundered
and ruined the State.
We 6ee no prospects for this stata of af
fairs to end short of the next Presidential
election. General Grant is determined to
sacrifice our material interests and our in
dividual happiness our lives, if need be
to secure a personal triumph. There is
nothing that the Southern people can do,
f
kju inis statement 01 iacis, it is
claimed by the managers that the
respondent is guilty of the various
charges contained in the Article..
The respondent replies that ho was au
thorized by the act of Assembly, "To eo
cure the better protection of life and pro-
perry, raunea tne rjin day ol January,
No greater crime against tho Stato exists
in niv judgment than thi?, save alono
treason. This writ is tho palladium
of our liberties, without it our Iive3 would
ba at the mercy of our oflicers. With it,
our boasted freedom 13, indeed, a reality.
Destroy its power and our cherished insti
tutions aro emasculated of their virtue.
The beneticeut operations of thii legacy
gives to tho hnmblcst citizen an equality
before his follows with tho most powerful
officer. No people ore worthy of, or can
maintain their independence, who do not
guard with a jealous care every avenuo to
this tower of their strength. Tho respond
ent, failing to remember its sanctity, rab
mits that he undertook to render it inop
erative. In this he is guilty, in my judg
ment, cf a high crime Tho Governor is
sworn to execute tho law, not to make it
nor to expound it. Tha Iroopr, which ho
1870, to declaro the said counties in a state I had m the field, beinpr ilecallv organized,
of insurrection; that tha courts woro un- j tho Treasurer was enjoined from ufing
equal to the duty of enforcing tho lw, and ! pnblij moneys in paying them off. Tho
that he was obliged to resort to military (duty of the Governor, ai ( f every citizen,
force to preserve order; thht tho par j is to obey th law md respect the order of
ties arretted were members of h secret or- I the. Court. Jf ho evades tho law and defies
tho older of tho C'itr, who in all tho
land will giv tw tho law a willing
obedicbt-o ? Yet, in thia initance,
tho respondent evaded tho law
and by ilieg.il rmac-.s caused to bo with
drawn from ILu Treasury Iho subjoined
I Alleged L,lbclLi. J. It ice Sati ttie Kobe
unian Pretty Hard on Klce.
j Lawson E. Rice, carpet-bagger, at pres
ent residing in this city, and a famous
Radical wire puller, has entered sait
against tho Jiobesonian for damage to his
reputation, " in tha bum of &'t,000. The
Kohest.nii:,, it seems, repeate 1 some
charge m made by Galloway, iu public,
against the " obaraotor " of said Jj. E.
Rice, whereupon tho latter enters suit
under lhe following allegations :
1. Thai at tho tini3 hereinafter mentioned, the
defendant, W. S, McDairmid, was tbe editor, pro
prietor and the pablisher of the liobesonian, a
newspaper published at Luraberton, in the oounty
of llobeaoa, and Btato of North Carolina, and tbe
defendant, Alcllillan, was the aeeoriato editor of
ea.nl paper.
2. That on tho ICth day of March, 1371, thn
defendant laaliolously published concerning tho
plaintin, in said newspaper, tbe fale aud de
famatory matter following, t.j wit :
"That Rice. The Wi'nungton I'ost nominates
Mr. (wby not lion.) Ij. E. Iiino, 44 carpet bag
tnier, (thereby meaning the piaintiff,) (accord
ing to Galloway) from Massachusetts, as c&ndi-
dato for tne convention, ehonld one be beid, and
also onr next sheriff."
a. That by means of said publication, the
plaintin was injured in his repata'ion, to his
damige, five thousand dollars.
Whereupon Mr. McDiarmid discourses
in regard to tho matter, and tcathe Law-
son E. Rice pretty severely, and as fob
lows, as we clip from yesterday's Bobe
sonian :
Well, we're mighty sorry, but we can't help it
now. Damaged in his reputation five thousand
dollars t We presume he means the five thou
sand Galloway said he stole from the negroes as
vrhsro all 1 man's Bureau. If he is injured in hia reputation
niVn an.l minlhi.r fur Mm SS.niH. T,. : no UlOdge UliU tUL'T CHD Oiate, llOCOUrse O
course of Ids recent able and learned conduct that they can adopr, nothing can
speech agaiust annexation, Iho following 8ave them from tiiy onslaught which Ruli
passatre occurs : al m-coitics at the North urge them to.
gamzaliou. having fur its object tho over
throw of the government, aud LLiit they
could not be otherwise dealt with than by
tho meant! and in tho manner he used; that
the peace of the State dercuoded he should
tep us military prisonern the persons ar
rested until tbe proper tim;i arrived for j funds which bo wished appropriated to tho
Opening of tne Campaign.
Iho organization oi tho Democrat io
Conservative party spiritedly commenced
in this city, on Monday last, Rays the Ral
eigh Sentinel, in tho appointment, by the
Democratic Conserve tivo members of the
General Assembly, of thn following Cen
tral and District Eseontivo Committees,
The District Committees -were chosen by
the members representing the counties of
ihe several districts, whilst the Central
CQmmittpe vas ohoeen by tho entire body
of members present.
The next and most important work is
the appointment of a County and Town
ship Committee. Thia in tho work of the
counties themselves ; and it should be seen
to that the best and mo3t active men be
assigned to thca positions, for after all
npon these committesa tho real work of
the campaign will fall. No time should be
lost in perfecting our organisation. The
most active and influential mca should
compose these looal organizations. Every
oounty ehonld bo thoroaghly aroused ;
every towEEhip should have its distinct or
ganization, and every voter in overy town
ship 6h uld bo seen and talked to and be
impressed with bin individual responsi
bility on the day of election.
The counties in which no meetings havo
jot taken plane, should nf onco bentir
themselves and get their candidates in tho
field and sot on foot an active campaign.
Let the best men be now called to tho
front men in whom the poople havo full
ocnfidecCD men of moderation, wisdom
and experienco men to whom no man will
hesitate to entrust hi-; interest. And let
onr talking men, whether candidates or
not, arouso themsalvf m and call out the
people and counsel and adviso with them.
There never was a time when patriots
were more needed. Tho pnoplo are dis
tressed aa no people before ever were
nore at heart and bewildered, knowing
hardly what to do. Now is tho time for
the men whom, in more prosperous days,
the people ''delighted to honor" to spring
to the front to comfort, to console and to
advise. In vital importance there never
was a campaign equal to the one we now
approach. Organize, then, and let every
man determine to do his duty and there ia
110 fear of the result. Let the crv be.
Convention and tho Regeneration of our
State l'
The following are the Committees :
JHQSOCJUTKJ CONSERVATIVE ORGANIZATION.
EXECUTIVE COUMITIEES.
CENTRAL EXECUTIVE OOilillTTEK.
thereby, we can't h6lp it. If he stole the money
he voluntarily took all the risks of detection; and
if his theft has been discovered, be has no right
to complain of us, especially as he did not
.1 1 1 1 , . v - 1 .1
i ufuy id uueu uuargeu upon unu uy aia urouier
Galloway in a public meeting, and in the pres
ence of a vast audience. If he had consulted up,
we ehonld have advised him not to steal the
money, and if ho had taken our advice, he oould
have successfully repelled all charges or insinu
ations, whether made by Galloway or any one
elso, damaging to hia reputation.
QPocr Rice! injured, bo deeply injured in his
reputation ! If ha has exchanged fly thousand
dollars' worth of his cltaracter. for that sum in
current funds of tbe Free dm en's Bureau,
he rught not nnw to be whining about
the Joss fit priceless reputetion. "
jf he get tb,. raanev from the
Bureau, he has already had a fair equivalent for
his "character,' never considered very valuable,
and we must decline to invest in what remains,
I at the h'gh figure proposed by him. Ho. no,
i ,4Mr.'' Itice tt won't do. Five thousand dol
lars ! For thia .mm we can bey 0250 j lbs. of Cape
Foar rice, wbiob, we must own, in these bard
times, will serve our purpose much better than
this one broken and wounded kernel from Massachusetts.
BBAOO, Tbomas, Ra
memmon, A.
Bledsoe, M. A.
DeCarteret, J, Q,,
eigh, Chairman.
Baabee, O. M.,
Litohford, J. J.,
Buttle. B, H
Thi Connecticut KSerfion.
Although the election for Governor ia
yet in doubt, sufficient is known to ascer
tain the political status of the State. We
will not attempt to disgnise the fact of our
disappointment. We supposed that tho
election of Governor EngtiTsii waa certain,
and that the Democrats would at least
divide tho Congressional delegation with
the Radicals, making a gain of one mem
ber. We did not know to what extent the
colored vote, which was cast for the fir6t
time, and the local dissensions in the New
Haven district in regard to their candidate
for Congress, would influence the election.
Wo thought only of the result In New
Hampshire and the growing unpopu
larity of President Grant.
One year ago Governor Excmsn was
elected by eight hundred majority, but at
the same time the Radical majority in the
State, on the Congressional ticket, was
twenty-four hundred. So that the success
of the Democratic candidate was owing
more to his individual popularity than to
the strength of the party. In addition to
this Radical majority, there were from one
thousand to fifteen hundred negroes added
to the voting population, nine-tenths of
whom voted the straight Radical ticket.
It is estimated that the unfortunate nomi
nation for Congress in the New Haven
district cost the Democrats one thousand
votes.
But as it is, there has been a consider
able Democratic gain among the whites of
Connecticut The rural districts show a
steady increase of Democratio votes, while
the cities, where the blacks principally re
side, show large Radical gains. Governor
English receives a larger vote than ever
before by several thousand, bnt the "col
ored troops fought nobly," and may pos
sibly have succeeded in electing Governor
Jewell.
John Pool.
ThiA political charlatan, who beam aboni
the tama rbrtion to BtatetaRnihip that a)
4 The example of Hiiaiu ia l c-eaforcci by an
Englieh precedent, where nny ba ceu ia th
light of analogy tbe true rule of ooEdict. By &
statute of the last century a 1 soldiers quartered
at the place of an election tor members of Par
liament were removod at leant one day before the
election to tbo distance of two miles or more, and
though the statute has been modified latterly,
the principle has beea preserved. No soldier
within two utiles of a placo of election is allowed
to go out of tbe barracks or quart era in which he
is stationed, unless to raouut guard or to vote.
This sdteu&rd of c leo iona ia viudio&ted by the
great commentator, Sir William i!iacktoae
when he says, 4'it iscseential to the very being
of Parliament ihat election should be absolute
ly free, therefore all undue influenced upon the
doctors are illegal and stroDgiy prohibited " j
(Blackstone, Comm., vol. i., p. 173; Stephens, j
Ooifim , vol. ii , p. 491. ) In accordance wuh -.hie j
principle, aa early as 179J, a committer' of the j
other House of Con.;ross reported aiuat the !
scat of a lieprtBeuttttive ou tbe grUL.i that Uni
ted States troops we. a quartered near tho placo
of election and were mm c'led iu a bod.; round
the Uomt House. (Ootitated Eiec;iouts, p. 79
case of Mr. t reioj.) Aud now that an e wiou
is to occur iu St. Uoituugo, where naiia&l in
dependence is the qa Biiou, n -thing i clearer
than that it should Of, iu tne lstnguae of l!!tiC
atone, "absolute y fie-," ai d to iiiit end ail naval ;
fore:) should bo withdrawn af iettt until the, :
"election" ia determined. LoidCokd the great
English authority, tells us that election is "heo I
a r.ian is left to his own free will, t trke or do !
one thinn or another which he pleases. " (Coke ;
Lilt., 11.) iat the Dominican peopld must be j
left to their own free will. j
All this is true and forcible, lint it it :
a pity, for consistency's sake, at least, I
that the same ideas did not obtain with
Sumner, when he was assisting to force
carpet-bag rulers and governments upon
the poople of the South at the point cf the
bayonet. Within a few feet of him, when
he uttered the foregoing, there sat a man
who had written, as it were with the sword
Tarty tiiumph, and not the good of ti e
country, is the incentive of their action.
The httter will be sacrificed iu the, we
trust, vain effort to secure the formor.
Our citizens can rnuko up their minds to
their fate. We have borne it ttith com
mendable patience in tho part, we must
do so iu the future, though it chafer our
pride and exhansls our energies. We
should look to it, at least, tu it when the
time does come that wo t-hall do our full
surrendering them to the civil authorities
and claims that hh military force was
rightfully orgauized as militia troop?. It
is to me perfectly apparent that u esso is
nude out against respondent unles! his
defences thereto justify him.
I feball first examine ihe artiohs charg
ing him with the comiuif-.si.iii of a high
crime in dec.J&rlng tho counties iu a state
of insurrection. To my mind the authori
ties cited are conclusive that there can be
no secret insurrection ; that to constitute
insurrection theio must be open armed
resistance t . tho existing government by
some of the persons owing allegiance there
to. Now tbs facts are that in Caswell
two men aro iaurderod, and iu Alamanca
two murders uro committed and tundry
persons of low charccter, aro Uoggod; Shut
tbeso outrages were commute! m
secret, .signifies oidy that the perpetrators j
tutreol feared the law rather tuau dtlu-d
it; that su far fioiu defying civil law ttey
sought to evade its expected pwntlfii-H by nil
the rus-of their ingenuity could invent. It
insurrection bo a ilagraut opposition to
and definauce of the existing govt rnratut,
the course of those who committed tho
outrages has none of tho "outward and
visibie" signs of insurrection. These in
fractious of tho law were committed by
members of secret associations, but it does
not appear that tho objects of those asso
ciations were resistance Jo established
government, ad the commission ot such
acts as partake of the nature of insurrec
tion They did not undertake to subvert
payment of his unlawful .soldiery ; calls
into existence an illegally organized body
of troops, uses them lor an unlawful pur
pose, and violates tho law to pay them for
their services. Under this charge there
eau be t;; doubt of his L.tiilt. Tho ro
uifiiuieg eh urges relate to tho arrest of
citizeun of Alainaueoand Ca.swcll counties.
Of the lrgo number urreuto! there were
none taken under warrants properly made
out, bat they were seized at tho inetance
bnl by dine, ion of respondent with uttar
difcregurd of tho provisions of tho Consti
tution, Jf thero had been insurrection
and thetc mca Lad engaged therein, his
acts might have been lawful, but there
was no insurrection, and tbo capture
aud detention of ihcyo parlies were
wilLuui, tho SiiiCtiou of law. Among
them worn mimbcnd romo of tho
tiuest abd most dt rerving eitir.ms
of Norch Carolina : Ihcsc. with Iheir
neighbors wore ariesitd on tin; mere mo
tion of bis Excellency, without warrant,
and ai far us this Court can discover, with
out a fceinii la of evidence implicating
tbtiu iu any violation' of tho law. Had
they tngagtd in auy crimiual undertaking
their appieher.sloii might be excused, but
tecro is not even an insinuation that most
of them had committed auy offence known
to tbo law. As for tho members of tho ce-c-ret
organizations shown to havo ex
isted in the.se counties, they do de
serve harsh punishment fiom tho hands
t f inexorable justice. Not oven can the
repoLderjt entertain for them a
greater aversion than lnytelf. Rut these
societies uero tho fungus growth of the
times, aud in checking tbern, it was crim
inal in tbo respondent to deprive innocent
citizens of their dearest rights. Tho Con-
Aa a Senator sworn in this behalf, I
have to submit my judgment arising from
tho facts and arguments prefcenteJ to this
Court during the trial.
It appears from tho evidence before the
Court that there were sundry violations of
the law in Alamance county during the
years 18G8-G9, embracing two murders and
numerous whippings. There were also
two murders committed in Caswell county,
and in both counties running through the
same time, there were instances of barn
itself, his own credential as United j burnings, the perpetrators of these outrages
t 1 1 1 i V 1 u f l t: rr tt m rill f tl i rr y-
duty tost cue a President under whose j not interfered with, proces : conld at all
wise and liberal administration. the.-e ! times be served. iiHrsnm Acnntl of
persecaticn- will ceae never 1o be re- I orime couM be tried and punished
hh1 !'V.nvtUiu,.i.na,wi i.,..,,.!,-... ! if a jury of 'their cmutrymaa had found
.. ... o . . J I them guiby, aud the forms of law at h-at't Jtitutiou and the Taws urn wr-rth iiofhing,
ticeand cq.juliry wul give the South t-uch a remained. Ii is trne tho roipond.-nt clairts f l-ey cau bo violated with impunity at
start in the r-st. intion of h r uiuterial iu- : tbat the .-pirituf our beneticeut lLbtituticn !'- rbit rary will off-ue man. They aro
terost'i as will place her above and beyond ! nad departed aud that juiies always b.iled ! iktet.dfd not merely to limit povvt r iu
the malice tmd detraction of politicians i to ?ODvict mt n belonging to ihese" orgaui j qu-t tiw, but rather to prevent encroach-
XI LllUl Wtrirt fS Uli HsrriiDIl II U I ; -m- ufi-a UK' iiyi:itiie i IUU i(j.lU
15lrK.iaiMT OK V. liOHHC , :aJstaued by evident?) the fault was in the
I mode of trial, and is auevidemo of the
luefhcieney of human devices to attain a
perfect administration of justice. It is
alleged that, witnesses end jurors wou'd
not do their duty would perjuro them
selves, and tho criminals would 0Gcaii3
uu Mi'vu M J 2 tlOC) J Ct, A A VLi lo V tlu
until human . intelligence cau be impa'rtfd
luiun uiucij, ojii.jh er so cau Lcvf Ln
picked by it, for tho rimplo reason, that
tho bolls open unevenly and at different
times, hence it is necessary that dhcrimiu
ation must bo used in picking it. the rire
and open bolls must bo selected and llQ
unripo ones left, and this can onlv bedorjo
by a power governed and controlled by rea
son and intelligence.
This new invention contemplates
monsc saving in labor and material in the
cultivation of cct'on it looks to tho cath
eringatono time, of the entire crop JiU
all other crops, it, looks to remedying tho
great aud growing want of tho age, viz: the
scarcity and txpen&ivenvss of labor.
Tho plan proposed is this ; to allow a'l
the cot'ou or us much thereof as cannot
bo conveniently and economically pickel
by baud before that time, to remain on the
stalk until ths frost strikes it then the
machine is to be placed ul once in the
field and everything, open cotton aud cot
ton balk, bo h Jnrgo r nd small, will be at
once gathered and cirricd to tho pin
house, whon by another machine invented
uy iuo same pany, an mo unopened ball
will bo tt onoo opened and the cotton
picked from them, as well ns the already
openeel balls. In this way nil the txj ens'
Of hand picking, will be saved and the en"
tiro crop will be occured, whereas low the
picking of that which opens by sun or bos:
is exceedingly costly and very irUomo to
tho planter, bts:do:i which from one-hfil-to
one-third of tho entire crop in loi,t by
reason of many of the b'lls never oocnino
atall. L bj
It may not bo genetah'y known but it i,
neverthelet s true, that every boll no mat
ter how green or Fmall, even if no larger
than a marble, has good cottou ia it by
this process all this is faved. Dcidci tins
all tbo cotton boll hulls will thus bo savej
at tho gin'houRo where thty can readily be
utilized for manure.
The principal features of this v.tluablo
invention aro as follows : Iu front of n
wagon the body of which is lower behind
than in front, aro arranged two ttaticnary
horizontal cylinders, open at the ton with
inelinstl planes tending to a common cen
tre, nbout theso rovolvo cases upon which
are airaogcd rows of curved fosth or
cornba, these teeth engage the limbs or
branches of the cotton plant and htiip
from it all tho bolls, these aro carried up
to the top of tho open cylinders into which
they drop upon tho inclined planes, from
which they pass in a conduit into tho body
of the wagon. As noon as the wagon is
full tby aro transferred to another jind
carried at onco to t belter. The revolution
of the frame containing tho teeth is pro-
auceci oy gearing attached to tho wheeli
of the wagon and ia in reverse direction to
the movement of tho wheels.
The machine above tlescribed ii intend
ed to pick two rows of cottou at tho bam:;
time and it is estimated that it will pick
six acres or more per day. If it fulfills
what it promisc3 it will mako tho South
ern planter. comparatively independent
cu tho labor questiou, aud put millions of
additional dollars into their pockets annually.
Hiid
OPINIO Or1 SKSAT it McCLAMMV, OF
THE TUIttTEKSTH DISTKICT
when ,4l"l?.a.sou i'orsikeft hot throue,
passion roles tbo hour."
UlLOKK, TXIK riUltUKKKIt
I tie silent a In i!ic Singular pian'rf Career
folates Senator ! We mean Ames, of Mis
eissippi, who literally bayoneted the
Legislature of that State into his election.
And yet Mr. Sumner voted for the ad
mission of Ames and has sanctioned tbe
whole system of military violence anel in
timidation that had marked "Reconstruc
tion !"
Alleged Soutliern Disorders Tlielr t'oliil-
ral and Material Kffeet.
We are glad that our immediate Repre ¬
sentative in Congress, as well as the entire
Conservative-Democratic delegation from
the South, have not only not shunned any
effort to have the alleged Sonthern disor
ders investigated, but have demanded that
tbey thould be. lhe people of North
Carolina and of the other Southern States
oonrt a thorough investigation into iheir
ojnduct since the war. Tf a Committee of
honorable, truthful mon, who would come
in the interests of right and jtutiee, and
not as the mere tool of party caucus,
ehonltl be eet.t into the Southern States,
tbey would be welcomed, and every facili
ty extended them to further their in
vestigations. This we can hardly hopo
for. But, conscious of the integrity and
law-abiding character of our people, we
would hp glad to have the investigation
anyhow.
So far as North Carolina is concerned
we do not care a fctiver for the political
effect of these slanders and vituperations,
nor the Ku-Klux legislation of Congress.
Indeed, if we looked npon it merely in a ;
political aspect, we would be glad. Radi
calism is dead in this State, and these ne
farious efforts to reinstate it will only
serve to nnite us. Whatever form these
persecutions assume they only bind our
people more closely together. The legis
lation of Congres?, the high crimes cf
Holden, the theits of Littbfield, tho per
juries of Bojd, the partisan opinions of
Judge Russell, the Loyal Leagues, the ig
norance and corruption of the Judiciary,
nay, even the "licensed infirmity" of Chief
Justice Pearson, and the unlicensed in-
Jirmilt of Judge Jones, all viewed in a po
litical aspect merely, form capital planks
in the Conservative platform. Whenever
the Northern masses sicken and grow tired
of the horrid tales of Southern outrage
and lawlessness, concocted for political
purposes, they will ceaee, for Holden,
Boyd, Iiuspell, Tourgee, "Tray, Blanche
and Sweethearfi," appreciate full well that
their political efficacy is lost in the $outh.
Even Pool, with all his brazen effrontery
and cowardly abase of North Carolina a
loathsome reservior for the reception and
distillation of the foulest slanders of bis
people and State knows that he must
look elsewhere to receive farther pay for
hia treachery.
The time has gone by when onr people
oaa be ither frightened or cajoled into
against the peace of the State were, it ap
pears, acting against each other were
taking retaliatory steps. It is proved that
there existed secret societies of various
names, one composeel almobt entirely of
blacks, aud operating in the interest of a
political party, and others composed of
whites an i having also, perhaps, political
objects. It is not by any means estab
lished that these secret organizations had
any purpose to subvert the Government,
but were rather organizations, like vigi
lance committee, to punish those offenders
against tho law and against society
who were not pun idied in the Courts. It
does not appear that there existed any
thing like a tjtrnggle between the raees.
Republican negroes were, it is in evidence.
so, the very act which tho respondent
From ihs Troy Times, March 29.
V m l-i 1 't ll-KlVn Ail ft, a r. n mm t . 1
iro?S.gar IT aathony ffor, llsactl1ou'! dispute the particulars of an incident iu
FlivlJ JfV th5 rt?VH f the.tria of ! the career of this remarkable man which
published, and which he
wt wov. a ii nuim mo uucuo V UO LU 111 LL1 1 1 ILU. ;
liut to my mind, while the existence of
such a slate of society is to be deplored.
and while it is to be regretted that the
sacred institution of trial by jury should
ever cease to operate as a wholesome check
on crime, yet this does not o nstituto iu
feurrectioa, nor does tho commission. of any
number of offentvs, whether punished or
nots having a different naturo from insur
rection, constitute that offence.
The respondent, however, relies on the
"Shoffner act." without entering into a
discu-sion of the constitutionality of the
act, and only characterizing it us an un
wise grant of eliecretionary power, perhans
beyond the scope of legislation under the
Constitution of North Carolina. I am of
opinion that tbe respondent was by the
terms of the act itself, forced to exercise a
proper discretion. Now, not regarding the
subtle distinctions that the learned coun
sel have argued at such length, a dispas
sionate consideration of the facts forbid
me to view the oonduct of the respondent
tr ated in the earao manner in Alamance as being tho result of a elesiro to execute
and Caswel! as in other parts of the State i lUe aw t 9 apparent to my mind that
whenever their alleged crimes did not ren
der them obnoxious to the communities
in which they ret-ided, and in general the
two race were found there occupying
much the tame relations to each other as
in other tections of tho State.
It U in evidence that the respondent
issued frequent proclamations calling on
the people cf these counties to maintain
orde and that he subaecuentlv nroelaimpd
! said couuties in'a state of insurienti.n.
that he, on or about the 21st day of June
1871, organized a mi itary force by ap
pointing Geo. W. Kirk, Colonel, who
called for reo uits iu the following procla
mation, printed from a docament proven
to have been in the tan J-writincr of the
.
respondent :
"Rally Union meu !
Jo defence of your State !
lially soldier of vht old i, 0. Si and ld
federal Troops.
Rally to the standard of your old Com
mander.
Your old commander has been commis
eioncd to raise at once a regiment of State
Troops to aid in enforcing the laws and ;u
puiiing aown disloyal midnight assassins.
The blood of yoar murdered country
men, inhumanly butchered for opinion's
sake, cries from the ground for vengeance.
The horrible murders and other atrocities
committed by rebel K. K. K. and South
ern Chivalry ' on gray haired men aud
helpless women, call in thunder tones on
all loyal men to rally in defence of their
State. The uplifted hand of justice. North
Carolina 2nd and 3rd Federal troops, must
overtake these outlaws," under which
proclamation he organized a regiment
claiming $o be State troops, over twp han
dred (200) of whom were from other States,
and three hundred and ninety nine (399)
under the age of twenty-one. These troops
he distributed at several points, but chiefly
in these two conntie. It appears also
that there was besides and prior to tha or
ganization of this force, a company of
United States regulars in each of these
counties, under instructions to enforce the
law and amply sufficient to do so if there
he was actuated by motives ihat should
not govern the executive of tho Stale. He
i did hot haye at heart the discharge of the
1 i r -1 .. .. -
aunes inciaenc to nis omceso much as other
designs, which were totally incompatible
with those duties, flis intent, hU object.
is piainiy suown oy the lacts. Uoi. Clarke,
it was arranged, was to have had charge
of tho military organization ; but this ar
rangement was est aside, because he is a
mau of too much chaiacter to answer the
purposes of respontlent, and was re
placed by a pei son of notoriously bad
reputation, imported into this State as a
proper tool to accomplish siuisfcr purpo
ses. To secure fitting material for tho ex
ecution of the vile project, an illegal forco
is raised partly from tho lawless reeions of
Tennessee, and these troops, well suited to
obey such a leader in such an enterprise,
are eent into a county whore no insurrection
exists j where no outrages are being com
mitted, and where there is a fetrong force of J
United States troops already quartered,
under the pretext of suppressing insurrec
tion, bat with the real intent to control the
election. Now. what was the conduct of
this officer and his troops, as showing tho
intent of their commander, the respondent ?
They arrested without warrant, without
bail, and on no charge, the political opno
nents of their commander;they incarceruteel
these prisoners, against; whom there waa
not a particle of evident, aud who were
nMt even suspected of crime, iu foul cells :
they broke up public meetings of peacea
ble citizens, by the seizure of the best and
most esteemed members of tho communitv:
XI A 1J -,1 -
tuey toojt iorcioie possession of the Court
house, and turned the, qCIcers of the law
out nf their appointed places of
business ; they threatened to bum the
town of Yancey ville, and resorted to all
the means their ingenuity could devise to
precipitate a eonfliot between the citizens
and the soldiers; to exasperate them or to
terrify them and prevent a free exDressimi
of tho popular will at the polls. Such was
tae orjeci, sucn the meanR employed for
its consummation, and such the conduct
oi me respondent who by a stroke of his
himself recently tcld to an intimate friend
as an illustration of the "hard luck" which
has attended him all through life. Raloff
stated to this gentleman that upon his re
lease from tbo Auburn Prison he wander
ed down into Pennsylvania, and having
perieec commence iu m ability to fill al
most any position in tho faculty of a col
lege, applied for a professorship in Jeffer
son College. Thero was no permanent
opening for him in the institution; but
the professors gave him norno clerical
work to do, and in a little while satisfiod
themselves of his remarkable scientific and
literary attainment", so that when an ap
plication came from Chapel Hill College,
in North Carolina, for a professor of lan
guage?, tho faculty cf JclferEon were able
to recommend Rnloff to it as a proper per
son to fill the position. Whi'.o proparing
to accept the professorship at Chapel Hill
he leceived a letter from Mra, Jarvi3, tho
wife of the Ithaca jailor "whom ho had se
duced, and through whom he was enabled
to make his escape from prison, to the
effeci that she had left her husband and
was living with her ton (tho same who
was drowned in the river at Binghampton
after the murder), in destitute circum
stances, and demanding tho sum of $500
forpre.Siing and immediate wante. The
letter contained a nolo from the kou that
unless the money wer, forthcoming ho
would kill Rnloff on sight the first time
they met. lTc wts utterly without the
means to send eo largo a sum. Gratitude
and love both conspired in his breast to
induce one earneet effort lo tecure the
money aud pend it to tho only woman he
ever loved. His meditations letl him to
device the robbery of a jewelry store in a
neighboring village, and putting his plans
into execution he carried them out eacccs?
fully and plundered tho ytoro of a consid
erable amount of jewelry. This he tied
lip ia hi3 handkerchief, nnd as rapidly as
possible fled from the 6ceuo of bis crime.
Traveling alcur the highway in the early
morning ho was overtaken by a stranger
who reluctantly f?ave him pormief icn'to
ride. They had proceeded but a few miles
when two horsemen approached them and
arrested them for horse stealing the very
wagon in which RuloiT was riding having
been ttolcu fan previous evening by his
companion. He was a dilema even for so
had been any resistance thereto. That ' b3a could have countermanded the orders
ai -1- a . a -m . - - ( a- 4 Vv & 3
these State troops proceeded to arrest di
vers persons named Jn the articles,
and to detain them against their
will, the persons being incarcerated
and badly treated, and in some instances
subjected to torture. Some of these par
ties petitioned for and were granted the
State's writ of habeas corpus, which" was
served on the military officer having the
petitioners in confinement, who refused to
obey the writ ; that the respondent sanc
tioned this refusal of his military subordi
nate, claiming that the writ of habeas cor-
tnat subverted civil liberty.
The Constitution of North Carolina, art.
I, sep. 31, saya that "Tho privileges of the
writ of habeas corpus shall not be suspenel
ed." . The evidence under art. v, is that
the respondent had in control under the
guard of amilitary force sundry citizens
deprived of their liberties without due
process of law; that they petitioned for tho
writ, and the respondent in his answer to
art. v. of the articles of impeachment, acZ
mils that said arrests and detention were
approved by respondent as Governor of
skilful a villain a.3 tho Professor of Chapel
Hill College. But his t cheek " saved him.
Persisting ihat ho knew nothing of the
voPDery oi tho nore and wagon, but was
a chance passenger picked up by the real
tbicf upon tho highway, aud being able to
prove his good character by the Professors
at JefTer3on College, ho was discharged at the
examination upon tho accusation oi horse
scaling, but before ho had loft the court
t,A V? 1 m . .
loom mo oiucers looKing ior tho burglar
who had stolen tho jewelry came in, iden
tified the property fennd in tho wagon and
insisted upon arresting him for thia crime.
Rnloff was in no wise abashed. Tho same
confident air which he had maintained all
the tryiDg ordeal aud the testimony cf the
Professors served him to the end, and
declaring his ignorance of all knowledge
of tho burglary, as well as of tho horso
6.eaiiDg, ho waa a second timo discharged ;
while his companion was held for both
Crimea, aud ultimately suffered tho punish
ment for tho very offenoe which Ruloff
himself had .committed... In describing
this incident in his hfo RulofI laughed and
said it was only one instance of tho "devi
lish hard luck" which had followed him
all through his varied career. - .
rrom lhe Newbern Journal of Oommeroe. . ?
Cotton and Cotton Boll FickerFatent
lMud JUarcli as, J871, to MJr . Job5
ngni,olNwbtrn, W. V,
. - v. 4
This machine is not what is Btrictlv ; da-M
nominated a 'cotton nicker. "-'MaVir. -4
CAVH FIOAU AUUIi;ii,TlIKAu AihOCiA
TU. KAItt Of lSZi-fr-JUbU lllOl'a',
The Oilicers and Kxeeutivo Committee
of the ('ape Fear Agricultural Ashoc-iaf ion
oiler tho following liberal premiums upon
Field Crop;;, to be determined at the next
Annual Fair, in advanco of the publication
id tho reuTr Premium List :
COTTON.
For beat and larfjeiat crop oC Cottou unoa four
(1) acres or moro ol upland, with statement of
quality of soil, modo of cultivation, amount
and kind of manure used, the timo of plantiu;;
and variety of Cotton ; the lan d to Lo meaburtu
uu thtj yield to bo vouched for by ajjidacii
rolativo valuo of crop abovo espouses to bo the
standard :
lat rrcniim -Sterling fcilv. r rialc, value VJi
2d " ... ... y0
31 44 " 20
For boat and largest crop of (Jottoa upou one
(1) aero of upland. Konlations namo r.n
above :
Premium- Sterling bilvor Plato, valno i'2j
cons'.
For beet and largest crop of Corn grown npon
four (1) acres of upland. Itcgul&ticns tamo as
for Cotton; two (2) bnahola to lo exhibited aa
eample :
lt rromiuru --yteriing f'ilvcr TIaI?, va'.uo f.V)
Ol II t. t i g,
- 1 .... ll-
i 44 " 44 44 2i-
For bwl crop of Corn grown upon oao (I) H?ro
upiaud. fiaino re;;ulaltoui as above :
rremium Uterlin t'ilvor Plate, value
WHEAT.
For tbo largoal jiolJot Wheat from iivo (.")
acres ; nnder eauie ruius and regulation a
above for Cotton and Corn :
sterling Silver Tlale, value $20
OATS AND BYE.
For largout jiold of Oats or live. Hamo regu
lations as abovo ; two baehola to bo exhibited :
Kach, bterling Bilvor Plato, value $20
T0TAT0E3.
For largest crop Sweet Totatooa upou ono (1)
acre ; one-fourth to to dug and two (2) bushels
to be exhibited aa sample :
Premium Sterling Silver Plate, va'ue 110
For largest crop of Irish rotatocs upon one-half
aero. Bamo regulations aj n.bovo for Sweet
Potatoes :
Premium - Sterling Silver Plato. yuIuo.. f 10
TEAS. .tC. A.C.
For largtat crop of Peanuts upon ono aero ; for
largest yield of otock Pea a upoa ono aero;
for largodt yield of Turnipj upou ono acre;
for largoat yield of lijt ta upon ono acre. Two
buehfcls of each to bu exhibited ; under tame
regulations as other cropd :
Preunuui.each tittrlics Silver Plate, viluo. .f 10
hay.
For Urgtst yield Pca-Vmu; Hay onu bvo iu U
exhibited :
Sterling Silver P.:ato, va'uo 10
For largest yield Native Greu ; one halo to bo
exhibited; quality and quantity to bo con.
eidered :
rremium 3trrlinr; Siive. Tlate, valu; $c'J
Largest yield Red Clover upon ona acre ; largebt
jieid Cultivated Grasses upon ono ecre ; one
balo of each to be oxhibitod :
Premium, oach-3ilvoj Plato, value $10
To the farmer who raises and applies tho large3t
quantity of Domestics Mtnarc3 to, and by each
borae, mulo or ox, tuei. ia tho cal Ovation cf
bin farm, tho quantity to bo certified to by two
or ruoro eouipfetcnt witn-wsoe, a Prc-miam of
. $50 in Solid Silver Plato.
AU tho rules and regulation upeoifiod in tbe
foregoing Premiums must ba complied with
Affidavits and cert'jicaies, aj required, to be
filed with tha General Secretary, when the
articles are entered, oLhenoise the Awardic;,
Committees Will withhold Premiums.
"Wilrnington.'.February Cl, 1571.
Govebnor Holden is in Washington and
afraid to return to North Carolina, where
ho is liable to suits for damages for his
illegal arrest and highhanded coarse. Thi
affords a curious commentary on tho fitc
rics of Southern disorders, and places the
Washington authoritiei iu the attitude of
protecting a criminal. Governor Holden
has been dropped by tho Republican lead
ers in elisgust, and no measures will bo
taken to rcinstato him. Bat ho U im
mensely rich. The closo of tho war found
him a miserablo poor secession editor.
Now ho is a disgraced Radical Governor
and is enormously woalthy. Now York
Democrat., t , .
The Plahtera Iioan and Savings Bank
has been opened WAngusta Gaft will
AAA AAA I-J 11 t . . .. !

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