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THE WILMINGTON JOURNAL
WILMINGTON. NC Friday, APniajjm: In Congress, two addition- Iowa, Michi- tbrec additional of Illinois four A.i.iitinnal Representation Cobubn. of Indiana, made an attempt to introduce a bill for additional "Presenta tion into the Homo last Monday, but the New England and Middle States Radicals refused to suspend the rules, fearing, as the New York Herald says, that the new elections might add to the Democratic strength in the House, Conuia s bill pro posed for the States of Alabama. Arkansas, California, Indiana, Kentucky, Maryland, Massachusetts, Minnesota, Mississippi, New York, North Carolina, South Caro lina, Tennessee and Virginia, each, one additional member. The States of Gcor- !a Kansas. New Jersey, rcDujiu", " ' " Texas and Wisconsin, each, The States of gan and Missouri, each, members, and tho Stato additional members. La Reimbllque Rouge. It does Bccm a strange fatality that everv time the friends of trao republican government in France have Ecen, as they thought, a fair opportunity to establish it, soma fanatics and demagogues, assuming to be the real republican party, have pro claimed doctrines and committed acts niiAu mf xvna tn drive back at once all niivow vuwus is iVi men of moderation with all the sup porters of order to tho shelter of a strong crovernment, either juonarcny or xaupirv. t ;a o-ewipnt. that the same result must noon haDnen acain, and in view of the pre sent state of affairs, the sooner the better. It has been asserted that great eities aro ulcers on tho body politic. Nowhere has that saying been verified so completely as in France. It is only in Paris and Lyons that Socialism, with its pernicious doc trines, has established a strong foothold. Even in Marseilles and Bordeaux it never gained mnch ascendancy ; and at present the socialist insurrection seems to bo con fined to Paris alone. It is hard to tell exactly what are the purposes of the insurgents, or their griev ances. Ferhaps the squib of the Paris Charivari " during the insurrection of 1819, would hit off the present situation as well. That paper published the lonowing decrae as emanating from tho " RepuUi que Sociale et Democrat ioue " of that day. Art. I. Everything is abolished. Art. II. There is no longer anything. Art. III. Everybody i3 charged with the execution of this decree. Signed, Louis Blanc, Flccon and a good many other names now figuring again up on the decrees of tho Commune of Faris. Really, if it were not for the misery and bloodshed, tho crashing of shells among women and children, the loss of life inflict ed upon each other by citizens of the same country, the present insurrection would be a hugo farce, an absurd mockery, hardly to be explained upon any other hypothesis but epidemic insanity. Bat unfortunate ly, it is mingled with enough of terror to make it a fearful tragedy. At tho last ac counts the insurgents were claiming a success, and tho government was waiting for reinforcements. To our mind, it seems utterly impossible that such an insurrec tion can succeed in extending it3elf, even though it meet a, transitory success. Our reason for thinking so is this : The insur rection is avowedly Socialistic. Now, So ci alism has multitudes of adherents in the large oities, more in Paris than anywhere else, among those immense masses of me chanics of all trades, who, on account of tho density of population and tho compe tition of trade, are obliged to work for wages bo small that they can never accu-1 mulate any property. The utmost that they can do is barely to subsist. Even the be3t paid, skilled mechanics under the most favorable circumstances, can only, as a general thing, acquiro a little household furniture ; and this ho loses as soon as work fails him, or ho is taken sick. It must go to the pawnbroker's or the auction block to buy bread. Such a thing as an artisan being enabled by his labor to acquire, in time, a little house and a piece of land, and to look forward to rest and comfort in his old age, as we aoo every day around us in this country, is almost unheard of in Europe. This is why Com munism makes so many proselytes- in the great manufacturing cities. The work men, living from hand to mouth, aro very ready to listen to tho demagogues who preach to them a division of propctty, in which they havo nothing to lose and every thing to gain. But in tho country, among tho agricul tural population, who form by far tho great majority of the nation, a very dif ferent feeling prevails. In the first place, the peasant, while more ignorant than the citv workman, is also less discontented with his lot and less irritated by tho con trast of wealth around him. But especially the French peasants aro to a great extent land owners. Sinco tho Revolution of 1779, the chief aim of a peasant's life has been to acquire land. He will delve and toil and starve himself so that he may but purchase his acre or two, if no more. Thus it is that while the entire landed property of England has become concentrated in the hands of 30,000 holders, that of France is distributed among 15,000,000. Now, a man may be a Communist 60 long as he has nothing but once let mm te a pro prietor, though it be only of a mud cabin and potato jpatch ; then let Louis Blano or Pyat or anybody else talk to him of dividing with those who have nothing, and he will reply with hi3 pitchfork or his musket. This is human nature, and it will prevail. The Rouges may keep Paris in agony and terror for a few days longer, but France will put them down with the strong hand, and all the people will say amen ! Let mercy be shown to tho de luded masses ; but ia the name of civiliza tion, ol religion, of national honor and de cency, let there be stern retribution r'.ealt out to those who, uneatiated with the un paralleled calamities of their country, have, without even a specious pretext, ahed the blood ol their fellow-citizens and brought dishonor upon the cause of liberty w& the, name of their own nattye la&a l I . a 1 J.t h. I 1 t TCnTomnnq OEoiinE At- bills were Democratic pariy dius, ana mas people. 17JCA1U V . - , . - mnni,! ha tmac icrv ill ins iniriv lur hut iuuiuis uuvo j u ui.i pnEwnrrE. We subjoin a letter from a i friend in Lumberton, from which it will bo soen that the above noted desperado has at last met with a richly merited fato: Lumbebton. N. G, April, 17, 1871. Editor Journal: George Applewhite was killed last night near Red Banks. A party of citizens attempted his capture, which he resisted, fighting till the lust. His wife was with him at the time. Information of tho above has just reached this place, and the Coroner of the county is summoning a jury. George Applewhite, it will be remem bered, was under sentence of death for the murder of Sheriff King, o' Robeson county. He was confined in the jail of this county, but mado his escape with several others. We learn through other sources, that Applewhite s uouy wa9 discovered near the railroad perfectly riddled with balle yesterday. It was impossible, we are told to ascertain who had killed him. The body was found by a negro namoJ Peter McNair who near the place aleo discoveici a large quantity of the joods recently stolen from Capt. J. W. Piummer's store. Convention. Tho time ia approaching when the can vass for the Convention will bo opened. We have, while urging the Legislature to provide for the call of a Convention, and we believe that the Journal was the first paper in the State to declare for it, given our views at much length upon all tho questions appertaining thereto. The power of a majority of the Legislature to refer the question of Convection to the people, the absolute need of amending the Constitution, the economy of eloing bo throuch a Convention, have all been thoroughly discussed in these columns. At the proper time we will go over the same grounds. In the meantimo wo will gladly give our readers the benefit of the views of others upon this important sub ject. We learn from the Raleigh Sentinel that Hon. B. F. Mooke, the acknowledged head and father of the North Caroiii bar, has been urged by his friends to give his opinion upon the constitutionality of the act oallmg a Convention, and it is hought that he will comply. His opinion will certainly carry as much weight with ho people of North Carolina as those of tho individuals who composo the Supreme Court. In the meantime we give the fol lowing extract from the sworn testimony of Mr. Moore before tho United States Senate Outrage Committee, giving his opinion upon the legality of the act : Qaestiou, Ly Mr. Bayard. I will aak you in regard to the Convention to reviae the Consti tution of the (State of North Carolina, pre posed to be called by the people of the State. In your opinion, as a j urist, ia the act of the Legialb-tui e lately passed lor that purpose constitutional and legal, what is its object, and ia there any pur pose to affect the liberties of tho colored people, by drawing distinctions between the race not now tolerated, or to invaae men- ri:us as secured by the constitution and tho laws of the United mates ? Answer I havo heard and am acquainted with the arguments in favor of the bill to allow the people to call a Convention, and those against it. 1 am satisuoa that the tiu is not calculated nor was it intended to, and if it goes into effect will not produce any conflict with or disrespect of tie Constitution or laws of the United States; but its entire eoopo and object were to reform some ana some oniy or tue great political and civil powers of the at ate government which had been introduced in 180a, amidst times of con fusion, through the overpowering influence of men from other States who were members re cently discharged from the United (States army who knew nothing of and cared not for tho long established usages and customs ox the people. The present constitution is a msdly of con fusions and contradictions; it is utterly subver sive of our long established judtoial, municipal and hnaaoial systems, in order the more clear ly to show the strength of my convictions that there was nothing criminal intended by the bill I wiil give a brief synopeii of the arguments for and aeamst tne dim. Those who held that no Convention could be called through the provisions of the bill say, nrst, that the only mode by which a Convention can be called is provided ty the present consti tution, and that the mods provided has not been followed for want of a two-third's vote of all the members of eaoh house, in favor of the bill Second, that the present State constitution was submitted to Congress and accepted by it, and therefore cannot be altered in any other mode than that prescribed in it, inasmuch as there is no reservation of powsr to alter the constitution than by the mode presented. Those who favor the plan provided by tho bill say that the mode proposed is not forbidden by the constitution of the State, and that the mode specified in the constitution refers only to amend ments mado through the legislature ; that there is no prohibition in tho constitution against the direct vote of the people upon the question directly is not prohibited by-tho constitution and therefore is not in conlliot with that instrument. They say that by tho cmsti tution cf the State all powers are declared to reside with the people ; that Congress ia accepting the constitution did not intend to restrain or limit the exercise of such powers, provided such exercise was consistent with the constitution and laws of the United States; and that any attempt or provision by one convention to prevent a free expression of opinion by the people another day is null and void, because such prohibition is beyond the powers of a convention; and that whilo it may he both proper and con stitutional to restrain action by the legislature upon the subjeot, there is no power which can forever shut the mouths of a injority of the people against their wish io alter their consti tution; that if this was so a new State with a small population framing a constitution for ad mission into the Union and suitable to its then condition, might be forever restrained by its iirst convention from a change of that constitution unless by a unanimous vote of all the people or all the members of the legislature; and there fore they say that a majority of people can in that way bo xu more forbidden to alter their fundamental law, than can a legisla ture forbid another to repeal a mere legislative enactment ; and they say, also, that while they do not pretend to provide lor a legislative amendment of the constitution, because that is forbidden, unless in a certain way, btill they may lawfully proviJe the machinery whereby the qualified voters ot tbe Btate may declare their will ; aud the will of the reople being so ascer tained they the people may make their will tbe law of the land, and abrogate an existing law which they dislike. Such are the arguments. I am un able to perceive in either tho ono or the other any criminal purpose to impair the constitution or laws of the United States. I &m satisfied that thero exits no such diiloyal purpose. The reason I have given so extended an answer is that Bince I have been here I have seen in a lead- inrr paper in this city, the Daily Chronicle, the insinuation that the whole purpose and object of the proposed State Convention in North Caro lina was to beget a disloyal and insurrectionary sentiment in North Carolina. Republican to vote for either one of thee bills. Mflttertydood in thi3 fix for several dajs. The Radical press alternated in taontiDg the Democrat, and in urgiDg upon their party frit-nds to stand firm. Whatever may have been tho effect rf their taunts, their appeals at leat w ra ia vnir. On Saturday Mr. Winans, (Republican) of Chatacque, announced that he Would vote with the Democrats. It is charged that ho was paid sixty thousand dollars for his vote. Of course his Republican colleagues and the eutiie party pres3 of the State have opened their batteries npon him. lie is being denounced by men who would step into his shoos for h:df the money. We know nothiug of the truth or falsity of the charge. We sec that during the present week all of the bills which the Re publican caucus had desired to defeat bavo been passed. ltatlicullm ami fcociut Carolina. lfe ia South Wo publish else where a letter wiitteu by its Columbia (S. C.) correspondent to the New York Sun. It gives an account of "A Grand Colored Military Rail" at which social barriers were swept away." Not long Bince there was a timiiar affair at the Governor's Mansion in Columbia. The social question id rapidly assuming a prominent fd&ture in Republican politics. In reviewing tho interesting points of this letter, tho Richmond Kniuirer remarks that wo had a week or two since, Mr. Frederick Douglass traveling to San Do mingo on terms of purfeot t quality with tho members of tLu San Domingo Com miskioii. Jlo beenjs to have mtu-ed with them, and, for aught we know, hli pi with them, cliuiog the journey. They refused positively, on the Aquia Cicek boat to par Wo tike of their dinner in his alienee. believe thv.X ho was invited to the Presi dential Dinner given to tho Cemmision- er on their return to Washington. We havo also one of Mr. Douglass compatriots at West Point" Cadet Smith." We have them also in Congress ; and, just the other day, we htd the pleasure cf Judge Wright's (of the Supreme Court of South Carolina) company on the Danville cars. In Lou isiana tho Constitution has provided for mixed " schools, and, we believe, Mr. Chipmau, the Republican candidate for Congress in the Territory of Columbia, favors the eame system. But South Carolina U the baaner.State. It is doubtless almost a privilege, in that Abjs3inian realm for a pure Caucasian to secure the entree to " the best colored so- ciety." The recent Bali was given at Janney's Hall, in Columbia, by Company B ("Com- mnj G" is in tho rme regiment) of "tho Second South Carolina National Guard." Tho officers of the regiment were present in full uniform. Tbo following descrip tion is given of Capt. Jacob Thompson : "Oapt Jacob Thompson, the gentlemanly com mandor of Co. Ii. is a coal black nero of hue proportions. Bis manly form was clad in a dark blno militaryfiuit. somewhat resembling in cut the dress of au Alpine hunter. The coat was trimmed with red slashing, and on tho Captain's shoulders gleamed a pair of the shiniest epau letts. He was ubiquitous. He gallantly aided ebony belles to surmonnt the atoep staircase, and also flitted about tho refreshment table, and superintended the proper arracgement of the choice viand j. Tho Captain is a very fine looking officer. He is not so graceful in his movements as your Col. Pick, but he is quite as gallant among the ladies." The lieutenants aro not so handsome President Grant should by all power, even at the point of tho bayonet, to prevent suoh a moral and social condition of society from being disturbed by Democratic ballots. Such indeed would be against the spirit of liberty aod our republicaH institutions. How lorjg befcre thee social features will be proclaimed by North Carolina Radicals ? Has mixed schools and social equality been defeated in this State by last August's ehclioo, or only postponed? Tbo people must decide. Renewed Radi cal victory may bring into prominence the social relations between the members of tho party, and the iuoidtnts of the ba'l at Janney's Hull, iu Columbia, may be re enacted at the City Hall, in Wilmington. We doubtless have our " Alderman Mi nort," who waltzes well and who clasps firmly. undulating hoftly like a ground swell on the beach." Reconstruction and Kit Klux ! Ths New York Evenbuj Post, (Radical,) in speaking of Shellabarger's Ku-Klux bill, which has passed both Houecs of Congress, sajs : " Tuose parts of it which are new uio directly, at variance with the Constitution, and with the fundamental theory of o ir government." Vice President Colfax recently pub lished in the Inde?)endent a statement to the effect that Russian influence alone prevented the recognition of the Southern Confederacy during the war. This was promptly contradicted in Harpers Weekly, on what was represented to be adequate authority, and Lord Granville subse quently denied it in tho House of Lords. lie went so far as to bav that as a mem ber of the Palmorslon andRassell Cabinet, he could say that a proposition' to recog nizo tho South was never even enter tained." The Washington Patriot sajs : " Sinco the adoption of the rule by the Committee on Elections to recommend tho payment of no money to contestants who do not have a reasonable ground of contest, and in no ease beyond actual expenses to unsuccessful contestants, several Radical claimants to seats have withdrawn their papers, and deshne further prosecuting their claims, One contestant, who was beaten by his Democratic competitor over eix thousand votes, has given up the con test, declaring the Committee on Elections too conservative for him to hope for success." From the Baleigh Eentinel. LETTER FROM SERGEANT BATES. HIS MA li CJI FROM VIVK8BURG TO WASH INGTON. TUB "LEAGOK" AND TI1K "FIAG." have not been The lfvr York legislative Muddle. Our readers may have noticed that there has been for a few days a "dead lock" in the New York Legislature, and that the Radical ring has been broken, and the blocked machinery of legislation set in motion again. The circumstances were briefly aa fol lows: The Democrats had just a majority of the whole House of Representatives, and a Mr. Ibyinq (Democrat) resigned in consequence of a personal difficulty with a Mr. Weed. The State Constitution re quires a majority of the whole number of representatives-elect to pass a bill. The Republicans seized the opportunity of the reeignation of Ibvinq to meet in caucus and exact a pledge from each of their party not to betray the party, and they, furthermore, xesoiyed that certain named "as their captiin. They so long in society. " Among the distinguished Caucasians presant, we haye mentioned Hon. Mr. Smythe, the Mayor of Columbia, who "danced very frequently." The Mayor is described as "a very graceful dancer," and "the delicacy with which he clasped his partner in the waltz" was "the admiration of all present-" "Having long leg?," con tinues the correspondent, "the Mayor is peculiarly litted for a votary of Terpsic hore." The Board of Aldermen of the city, and Hon. Wru. J. Elter, the City Clerk color not stated were among tho guests. Senator J. Y. P. Owens, of Laurens county, was another distinguished Cau casian present. Ho has consumption, and had to conliuo himself chiefly to ''theLaur s . cers, as requiring less oxcrtiou tnan me more violent dances. Mrs. Covicsart, the wife of a Northern man, a merchant iu Columbia, also "at tracted much attention for her beauty "and the elegance of her attire." She is said to have presented "a lovely appear ance." Mrs. Coviesart eiistinguished her self particularly in the Vareovionne, in which sho was the partner of Aldcrmau Minort, a colored gentleman. "He clasp " cd his partner as lirmly aa au iiou band "clasps a cotton bale, and undulated soft "ly to the music like aground swell on " tho boach.! The belles of tho evening seem to have been "Tho beautiful Misses Rollin.' Theso young ladies were accompanied by Senator Mclntyro of Colleton (a white gentleman, who is "engaged" to Miss Charlotte Corda Rollin.) There are three Miss Rollins : Miss Lottie, Miss Kate, and Misi Louisa. They are the leaders of the colored ton'n Columbia. Miss Lottie had her dress cut decollete, and trimmed elabo rately with froinl d'Ale?icon of great depth. Also white roses and blossoms. Miss Kate had on a heavy corded black silk, with a sweeping train, and wore a red rose in her hair. Miss Louisa was attired in a crimson satin, with a light gauze- overskirt dotted with red roses. Her dress was cut low, displaying her neck and thoulders, which were beautiful. As will be perceived by a perusal of tbe letter (which is well worth perusal,) a rather serious personal difficulty occurred at the supper-table, about a pickled pig's foot, between Major Samuel Dickson (oolored), of the South Carolina National Guard, and Senator Mclntyre. It was conjectured by the friends of Senator Mo Intyre that the Major would send him a challenge ; but the affair seems to havo blown over. Major Dickson toook a pig's foot which Senator Mclntyre had laid aside in a napkin for Miss Charlotte Rollin. How dreadfully the Ku Klux bill is needed to protect" these pqqj oolored I Meeting of tlie Stockholders of die VV II. in i n g ton and Onslow it K. Wilmington, N. C, April 1J. The Stockholders of tho Wilmington and Onslow Railroad Company met at the Commercial Exchange, to-day, at 11 o'clock. On motion, Capt. D. R. Murchison was called to the Chair, and Wm. A. Walker was requested to act as Secretary. Mr. Wra. A. Walkor tendered his resig nation as a Director, which wa? acccptod. On motion of Gen. Wm. McRae, Resolved, 1 hat the numbi r of Director of Una Company b-i incteaaoJ to nine. On motion of Maj. C. W. McOlammy, Mr. Christopher Stevens, of Onslow, was nominated and unanimously elected to fill the vacancy caused by the Resignation of Wm. A. Walker. On motion of Gen. Wm. MacRae, Messrs. A. A. Willard and B. G. Worth were noraiuated and unanimously elected as additional Directors. On motion, the meeting adjourned. D. R. Murchison, Cb'mn. Wm. A. Walkeb, Sec'ry. IIolden' OlTcr of $10,000 If like Sergeant will Abandon the Slaicli In Oiigut." BRIBERY AND TURK ATS OF AbSASSINA- TION. Indianpolis, Ixd , Marh 27, 1871. Ed itors Sen tin el : Dear Sirs: In the report of the Sen ate Committee, of March 10th, on politi cal outrages, they assert, in regard to the Union League at the South, that "its pur poses were publicly avowed, that it held public meetings and processions, in which its members appeared and acknowledged their connection with it; that no violence was either directed or countenanced by the League." Allow me to give you some facts in re gard to the Union League South, in con nection with my tour with the United States flag through the lato Confederacy. Not wishing to troublo ycu with a very long communication, I will be as brief as pos sible. After I had commenced the mareh from Vicksburg, and before getting out of Mis sissipji, 1 made tho discovery that I was being followed by a respectable and in telligent looking negro. It would extend this commanioution too much to explain how I made tho discovery that he was a spy and tool of the Union League and was to follow and act under instructions from the Leagne in regard to me (he was to do me no harm, but if my object in going through the South was what the directors of the Lea ;ue asserted it to be, I was to be assassinated, unless I would return to my northei n home when warned to do so) or how and why I made him my friend and arranged with him to tnke charge of tny baggage, meeting mo at &uch points as railrcad communication would admit of ; how he assisted me to attend three' secret j meetings of the League in dtsguiae and at the risk of my life ; how, on two ccca-ions, at Warrenton and Augusta, Ga., he aved J mo from serious harm and perhaps daa'h from the skulking bloodhounds of tho League, If this shall meet tbe eye cf any of the leading citizens of Warrenton it will bring to mind the unusual excitement among the negroes on the evening of my arrivai in their town, and their openly ex preised hostility towards me a feeling created by the false representations of tho leaders of the League, the object being to excite tho negroes to mob me. homo of the citizens Tjil also bring to mind how strongly thoy urged me to allow them to guard my hotel during the night for the protection of myself and the flag, an J how 1 sacaessrnlly opposed their wishes iu the matter. But they weio not aware that late in the night atter they had retired to rest, for the purpose of gaiuincr informa tion, I disguised myself anu, with my trutj friend, htolo quietly from the Ljouso and attended a negro meosing, presided over by two white men, where I heard myself misrepresented by the whites and roundly cursed by tho negroes. While in belrna, Ala., au agent of tho League called on me and requested a pri vafca interview, which T prautod. i ob ject in ealliu?: me wan to induce- um to b For the Journal. I'uMlc Meeting In Ilr nan wick. A meeting of tho Conservative party of Brunswick County was called at tho Court House in Smithville, on tho evening of tho 10th of April, at which time and place a large and enthusiastic crowd assembled. The meeting was organized by calling Dr. S. D, Thruslon to tho Chair and ap pointing Rufus Galloway and Jno. If. Mints Secretaries. Tho Chairman tho meeting in a BIKECTOB3 MEETING. Immediately after the adjournment of the Stockholders meeting, tho Board of Directors of tho Wilmington ant Onslow Railroad Company met and traneaoteel the following business; The city Directors, with Mr. B. G. Worth as Chairman, were appoined a Com mittee to solicit subsoripitons in the city aud wait upon the city authorities to as certain what amount they would subscribo to the work, with authority to employ any one they may deem proper to assist them. Maj. C. YV. MoCIammy was authorized to solicit subscription iu the county of New Hanover, and Mr. Steyeus in tho county of Onflow. Mr. B. G. Worth, Mr. A. A. Willard and Mr. F. W. Kerchner were appointed a Committee to wait upon the citizens of Onslow, at Jacksonville, on the firs'; Mon day in May, to secure tho subscription of that county and any others that may be offeree!. Tho President was requested to com municata with tho President of tho Plan ters' Railroad Company in reference to the connection on the two roads. The meeting . then adjourned to meet again in Jacksonville on the first Monday in May next. Wii. A. Walker, Sec'ry. Tub members of the Democratic Con servative Executive Committee for the Second Congressional District, are re quested to meet at the "Exchange Hotel,' in Goldsboro', on Thursday, the 4th of May, 1S71, at 11 a. m. A full attendance is desired. TnojiAs S. Kbnan, Ch'mn. Democuitic papers please copy. paper smew, K. if. It. The Spartanburg Republican, a which is Radical in flesh, bone and says that "whether combinations of Ku klux klans are to be found or not in these upper counties, we are boand to admit, with few exceptions, that they have never disturbed in his daily avocations nor mid night slumbers any man who avowed Re publican principles." We hope that the New York Tribune and all other Ku klux shriekers will take notice of this emphatic declaration. Charleston News. Ordination. The Savannah Morning News contains an account of the ordination on Sunday, February 9th, in Christ Church, of Rev. R. W. B. Elliott, a son of the late be loved Biehop Stephen Elliott, of the Diocese of Georgia, and who was, during the late war, General Lawton's Chief-of- Staff. The ceremony was conducted bv the Bishop of the Diocese, the Right Rev. John W. Beckwith. who nreached a ser mon on the occasion, selection as his text a passage in the Now Testament, very ap- propnatet ' "ito ii;'i iua; ij : i )is come a member ol tho L(jagui 11 is ar gunient and the inducements offered by him I will 1MB over (for tho present.) Whilo btopr-iDg at tbo Kllropeau Hotel, iu Montgomery, Ala., I wanono evening a short time ubsent from ray room ; on re turning to it and entering, I found a com munication which had been thrust under the door during my absence, and it was from the League, who "threatened me with certain death ' uuless I furled my flaa; and returned to my home, giving up all fprthei efforts ia my attempt to deceive ;he people of Iho North in regard to tho oyalty of the reel handed traitors of the Suuth," fce., &c. I mentioned the matter o but ono person General James Clan ton, of Montgomery, who urged mo to accept cf an escort of ex-Confederate sol diers, who woulel see me and the flag pass safely through Alabama into Georgia. I refused the escort. At Greensboro', N. C, I was offered ten thousand dollars, which I was to receive provided I would stop the march and go home. I was to elo so apparently in dis gust, and in the interest of the Republi can party. The offer cume from Governor QoLicn of your Stato. Although a poor man, nevertheless neither mjnalf nor the flag I carried was for sale. On ray way through North Carolina I was informed by numbers of the League that the organiza tion in that State was already powerful, and was growing more so at a rapid rate; that Gov. Holden was at tho head of tho League, and that they were guided in all political matters by him. The above are only a tew facts of the kind. That sime Union League of which tho Senate committee said "So violence was either directed or countenanced by them," mado four attempts to bribo me and three tiaies threatened mo with death whilo on my way with a United States flag from Vicksburg to Washington, it being well known that I was in tho interest of no party, my only object being to prove that tho people of the North and South could and ehould bo uniteel in the bonds of a friendly union. Allow mo to say that I am opfoscd to all secret political organi zations of whatever character, for I be lieve them unnecessary and a public evil. I would also tay that I can give you fur ther and more important information in regard to such organizations, asserting nothing but what I can prove, and. if ac ceptable, will do so willingly, simply from the fact that I believe it a duty I owe to the public to give publicity to information of the above character which I am posses sed of. Very respectfully, SEEtHr. G. H. Bates. c cplaincel tho object of thort and appropriate discoarsc, urging the necessity of a thor ough organization of tho "parly, auel dwelt with peculiar forco on tho propriety of amending our Stato Constitution and the absolute necessity of every voter going to the polls determined to do Lis eluty in be half ef fame. On motion, a Committee of five, from each townsh'p, was appointed, which should constitute a County Executive Com mittee to serve for one year, 'and to meet as often as the Chafrman or a majority of said Committee should sec proper. This Executive Committee was instructed to ap point sub-committees iu the rcspectivo townships to attend to tho various duties of their several elistricts, and report from timo to time to the County Executive Committee, and thus render assistance in more thoroughly organizing the party. While the Chairman was appointing the Committee, tho meeting was agreeably en tertained in an eloquent and forcible man ner by JVlcssr. Maradeu Bellamy and Swift Galloway. The Chaiinian then announced the fol lowing as tho Executive Committee to serve for ono year from this date, viz: N; rth West D S Oowan, Ham 1 Hall, Jordan Wollard. D O Alloa, Sam'l A Kin. Town Creek Jao D Taylor. Thoa A Duraut J ah U Grimes, E It Tavlor, T O Sollara. ' fc'mithviJIe Henry Williams, Owen D Holmea, Jno li Swain, Jh II Doencr, LewU W Wescott. hallotte E aiears, Ham'l lieil, Hiiii'i Frmk, A K iMcKtithon, J WTuarp. Locliwoel'j Folly A (J Tolson, Altred Urown, Washington Golden, JJHowit, l'rank'in Gil-loway. Vi.ccaniiW Jno A Ilea. Dasi'i GoJoinao, EtJ- raoml ISdw&rdd, Nathan Millikin, Noah li. Ben net. On motion it was resolved that a Coun ty Convention assemble at ThoB. E. Mc Keithen's at 11 o'clock, tho last Thursday in June to make a nomination; said Con vention to consist of delegates appointed by the County Executive Committee. On motion, the Chairman was added to IheExeoutiva Committee, and ma le Chair man c f tho same. On motion, it was resolved that a copy of these proeeedingr; be sent to tho Wil mington Joubnai. and Star, with the re quest to publish same. On motion the meeting adjournc-d." D. TiinrsTOK, CL'm'n. liUFUS UALLOWAY, Jno. II. Mints, Srci'etari'ia. A prominent andsuccessfnl planter gives hi- vi.iwf? on tbo important subject, to Southern Agriculturists in the following . a aij'u;ipre lilt Hard. Senator Thurman popped Sumner on the sconce right hard in the debate on the Ku klux bill. Sumner announced his inten tion to vote for that monstrosity, where upon Thurman thus hit him : Mr. Thurman said tho President of the United States had only recently been just ly arraigned by the Senator from Massa chusetts (Mr. Sumner) for usurping the war power against the black people of Hayti, but Senator Sumner seemed to be wholly insensible when a bill was proposed to confer upon tho Freeident power to make war upon the white people of America. The Waverly Advocate says there is an inveterate newspaper reader in that village who marks a column with a pencil when he reads it, so that he won't read it again. A worse story is told of a law student in this city. He was reading Kent very asssid- nonsly and used a book-mark to indicate each day how far he had advanced. His fellow-student secretly chanced the olace of the mark, so that he read the same par agraph over for ten successive days with oct discoverinar anything wroner- Ha Anally remarked that Kent seemed a good deal alike as far as he had gone, when the laugh of some of his companions revealed tne imposition they had played upon him. Cyrus W. Field is a firm believer in life insurance. He has policies on bis life amounting to $214,000, on which he pays annual preoiaa waouutipg t? $$,QQ9. I have paid a great deal of attention to fwlmt is termed deep plowing", and. I never yet li.ive seen any plowing thatean average over mx inruffl tioep, ana tnat loouecl so deep, to an inexperienced person, it could easily bo palmed off as eight or ten inches deep. But after trviug satisfactorily both deep and sli.illow plowing, I havo como to the conclusion that plowing shcuM be reg- ulatou to suit tne bind wo were plowing. If I wo'if. into a Held with but four incliea of t!oil, .1 would turn over that land but three or four inches, antl subsoil in the furrow of tbo turning plow ; that would bo my system for tho first timo I plowed snch lands. And tho next year if there were stubble or weeds on tho land, I would turn under again, going this time from four to six inches that is, I would never plow any land deeper than its soil Ilia lirat plowing with a turning plow ; but eanh succeeding breaking np, I would gradually go deeper, until I reached tho depth of seven or eight inches, which is tho maximum depth I have yet seen done by the very best plows, plowmen and team of two land three horses ; and if to havo woeel, fctubble," clover or peas to turn under annually when breaking np, soil can bo mado deeper than when wo first commencej. My mla for plowing is, to be governed entirely by the quantity of tho lands I am going t . plow. If shallow soil, I plow shallow, and subsoil ; and put on the land such crops as will make tho most rubbish to turn under and, in time, a field of shallow soil can be deepened by jntlicious plowing anel rotation. I would never turn up the clay to tho surface if it can be avoided ; anel if a field had so little soil I would break up such lanel.s entirely with subsoil plows then sow them down with small grain, cut stub bles long, and then turn under as above described. Thero is no implement we use of so much importance as the plow ; it is our first and greatest implement, hence every farmer should make the plow and plowing his study ; he ought so to understanel it as to bo enabled to instruct or aid the manu facturer in. its construction telling him what he wants and what is necessary to make a plow perfect. But as it is, there are so few farmers who understand the plow and plowing; we have been de pendent entirely upon tho manufacturer to suit ns in plows, iu accordance with their own ideas of what the plow should be, and, right or wrong in construction, we find but few who know it. Tho plow may break and turn well, and the draft may bo too heavy, or tho draft may be ligtit, and tho work of the plow imper fectly done ; also, tho fault sometimes lies in the gearing in of the beam. But be the fault where it is, tho farmer should eo understand the plow, plowing and gearing iu of the same, as to eletect the error and point out tho remedy. If not, his plowings are accidental, whether light or wrong. In turning lands, it will be noticed that some plows turn the furrow slice flat over, or lap on the principle of shingling. Where the plow turns the furrow over fiat, I prefer such a plow for manurial pur poses, that is to turn under clover, weeds, or stubbles. But in breaking the ground for cultiva tion, and especially for corn, give mo the plow that lodges its furrow as, when the furrows are so lodged the ground remains longer loosened and broken as it is not so easily run together and compressed by rains as when the turning over is flat. . , .From, the N.Y Jour, of Cera. TI Union League Worse than tho K Tho Union Lieague at tho South, Jifcu tho Ku-klbx-klan; has doubtless been often uDjustly accuseel of complicity in murders arson and other outrage-. If we were to believe all that Southern Conservatives eay cf it, wo should icgaid it as more de serving cf armed repression than the Whito Brotherhood, or Constitutional Union Guards, which are- said to be th0 more rcnpecfablo aliases of the K. K. k Of the Union League, os of the rival or ganization, it is safe to discredit the ma jority of tho harrowing fetories told. Bat yet there is no question that they have each been productive of much mischief, aud it is due to tho causo of peace and morality that they should bo repudiated by tho parties at the South which they pro fess to leprescnt. The example set by the Charleston Republican (a Kadicjl paper) is one that should bo universally imitated by journals throughout tho Sonth. and, if it were, perhaps no good occasion would bo furnished to President Grant to apply tho terroi-3 of the Foic3 bill, fhould that pa?s the Senate4. The Republican coma out against all secret political or ganizations, not merely against the Ku-kl uxes. It lays its hand boldly on the sacreel ark of the covenant (a3 South ern Radicals commonly esteem it) the Union League itself. It sees tho danger that it runs in attacking that cherished in stitution of Radicalism, saying : We know that our advocacy of tho doing away of tho Union Leaugue will bo considered as treason by many Republican., but we cannot help it ; we long ago carao to the conclusion that it should be abandoned." These aro courageous words, when it is remembered that tho Union League has oaiii, penalties, hundreds of thousands of subservient members ia tho South and North, enjoys tho encouragement and patronage of tho government, and to the most formidable body of men, not except ing tho Masons, over sworn into a brother hood in America. Tho editor of the Charleston Republican will probably aufh-r for his oandor and temerity, if not ia person then in estate, by tho loss of gov ernment and other political advertising and bupport. By so much is his manliness to be commended, ia daring the risks of recantation. Bafore the Ku-Kluxes were heard cf, tho Union Leagne flourished at the South as at the North. The estab lishment of an opposing political secret society was tho natural and inevitable result of founding league lodges in the Southern States-. The former cannot be extirpaied until the bitter plucked np by the roots. Tho Charleston editor has gone to work in the right way. Jf he and his friends can causo the abandonment of Union Leagues in South Carolina, wo have little fear that the mystio crew of the op position will not speedily pass away. Ke-re rr reconstruction . Mr. Roosevelt carries bis humor to Con gress and tells tho revolutionists a little story : Tho Republicans themselves reeru a lit - tie- dissatisfied with their own work. No sooner had rhey ivcontrnetcd tho South than they wt to work to reconstruct it over again, wnon they had reconstructed it over again thoy did not like it much moro than when tliey had done it iirst, and. therefore they reconstructed it nnee more Anel this bill is to reconstruct it for tho fourth""" or 1'iftU time. The court e of the iiepnbitean party in this respect reminds me of Bunce Baul in tbe French opera of the ' Granda'Duchessa." When tho prime minister of his bighuens came to tho duch ess and proposed hi hand in marriage, he was invited to walk tip stairs, then along a corridor, then down stairs, then along other corridors ; up more tdairc, aloug more corridors; down further nlairs, along further corridors, up further stairs ; or, aa the French has it: 11 monlf-ra, ilavancera, il descendera ; alois il ro-remontera, il re-reavanccra, il ro redoscendera ; alors il re romontera, il re-reavancera. il re-redes cendora ; alors il re ro-rcmontora, and ko forth. That is just about tho way it i with reconstruction. We first had con struction ; then reconstruction ; then rev construction ; thon ro-re reconstruction ; and this bill is re re-re-reconstruction. The Wrong Jll.-in in the A New Orleans man, who sunk a well in the rear of his factory the other day, found, when he had reaohed the depth of forty-six feet, that there was a sudden and very powerful flow of gas from it. The Republican tells his subsequent proceed ings, thu3 : "He immediately closed the nine, think ing to utilize this gas for illuminating pur poses, but found the pressure too great, when the idea struck him to direct it into the boiler of one of his engines and exper iment with it in making steam. - But no sooner bad the connection been made than the engine began to run entirely by the gas acting upon the piaton at a pressure of twelve pounds to the square inch ; and so it continued all day yesterday, giving no sign of exhaustion." - Wo don't think that tho elevation of Pool to a seat in the United Stated Senate has covered North Carolina with a flood of glory, or himself cither. His career in that body has certainly not been distin guished by useful service to his Stato or to the country. In short, we think that. Mr. Bool is about as indifferent a speci- men of a public servant, in tho true senfo of tho phrase, as ever fignred in that ra pacity. Tho New York Democrat, it seems, has been searching tho 'records of tho Committee appointed by the Legisla ture of North Carolina, to investigate the outrages of Holden, and has fonnd there documentary evidence showing that Pool was not a whit bey on el Holden iu the peculiar views whioh ho held of po pular rights and of official responsibility. Ho was ono of tho ex Governor' encour agers in the work for which ho (Holden) was subsequently impeached and pun ished. Pool, Amef, and Brownlow ! What a uoblo trio of Senators, all sitting sido by side in the National Capitol ! What boau tifnl exemplifications are they of fidelity to public trusts I What charming exponents of tho representative piinciiilo as it is embodied in our institution 3 1 Petersburg Courier. A Deserved Tribute. The Saturday Review, tho most scholarly and discerning of the English weeklies, in noticing a memoir of the lato General J. Johnston Pottigrow. of South Carolina. pays tho following well deserved tribute to the integrity and motives of the Con federate leaders' : "A brief, touching, sensible, and manly memoir of General Pettigrcw, one of tLo many bravo and distinguished Southern ers who fell in the service of tho Confed eracy, is not only a becoming monument of a good and honorable life prematurely cut short, but a serviceable illustration of the general character of tho Southern mili tary leaders of the spirit and temper in which the 'slave-owning oligarchy' really entered into the war. No one who has read or hoard enough of the character of the Confederate Government and staff to know how largely both were composed of such men as Lee, Jackson and Pettigrew men ef tho highest moral character, of pure and simple piety r whoee course only the bitterest party rushes can ascribe to any other motive than a piofouud sense of duty can doubt that from first to last the Southern people lirmJy, devoutly, and even dispassionately, believed in the just- loe of their cause, and, in taking np arms for the State against the Union, conoeived that they were acting in obedience to the law Aa to fill an in defmiHft of the risfht. To talk of acansclcss and wicked rebellion is possible only to those who will not or do not know what manner of men the rebel leaders were ; and there must be some thing wrong about the heart or intellect of the man who, having read this short and simple record of tho lifo of ono who was an active participator in the events which led to secession, and an active sol dier in tho war which followed it, can re peat that party ehibboleth without a sense of compunction and self-distrust." IP1 W "