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i n a, T 1 ( t ; ; MW't tv Vn I H.t . ,.l 1 o i.mn h-ivfl been mv Of the VjA - . T,...r..mitiitiMt. If nil th real nd aient. , -r.u" V -v- r 11 .. i it, n.iii.h.-.-i iri 1 ) neonie. witting iu-;.." J oftred unty j who FRIDAY, DECEMBER n.t tn aS'1 A.?'e;a..i:s. tuf Ui'll -'''' Com t- A fi:f Mr. , . station: A Lad euppo-f . , ' .on came to me, lh -' v y a belief that A on I 1 . -farmers of this p.ut d upon the mbject ( Aj would have b en d-chn having followed other pu life, lam not a-hsm d t my knowledge cf that : limited, and in na ": -r' for such a task. lh.- 1 t'aere was no End. from the fa",t U ' : does not coaling ' li f tion of farm pnalac' eration and li-rNi . I ' agriculture culv, i -;. development oi as; ..dustries. I recos : V one, whone data, veauiies Litn t f-t u upon all f.ul'i "t - i : called upon u ' address li s f ' pooled th-.t. : wider rat g - t! epecial brauoa - :' -i ! niit. " Every t-tivlf : and, iudi-ed, - ; knows tha t!i( '.'' is the p;r-.-!i! and the uinfuit - very ua : ::. maaufac :i rc - -u it; onr d I v l- and tf tt .it : not daily : f.re, s it i i ' prifprii f ;:!; ! its devi-i .jr ! .: . eyrteiij t!.o . tf,-t " - " other p:ir.-.!;-r.-. A'. it : '' fecafij'-ti ri ..ny ;.' any piirtiru' ir ; ; - 1 a - i- OI till --jt ' ' i W of Vottr f4'.'!:t-rv t-- t climattt iu wi.ich i reason xvLiy t!i o ' - ; 'unincumbered ii.n .- -with re ksoni'.'! j d. . r prudence, g"-w riu lias beeu cnt: - '.?' past for a t' 'i t ' are noa residents t.z t;.:-. : ' country, to -f ry f flippautiy f til - "j" i : -and tn-caivl -vJ. v.ri? ; have alwi.y-i c'iht tt?.-'! iz- ' turists of ti e So'.it'U'rii .-. is, doubtless, fifu 1 1 i-"i oism the sytfui hit- '.:. extent, loose b; it i , netorions and j-mu -n;? ; e least ninety per c ut of iio t come otit to this be, ijj' agricultural tuissiou.iri---, ' farmers how to till tin Mr, orably failed in t... n- c.-r.-. . prise, and huve be ji '-u"-i new views of tito f-M: j er ? ' saya (and "nliut cv:-i;. I ..! be so") ttifit our t'.-'ia i . their minds o i ,7o.;s- i,tr-.,.f realizing the fet ti:.tt t':-.y i money by caitiva!ii-p -uly o. able crop, aad sue. 1. re. i purchavo mcii e.;. n t:y .-1 corirefTs that he Jl.en rof ".-n-firnt idea icun ct d v. . ii - : being the producivi oi !. meat, it cerirti.'jSy lo-ks t... cialiy in u cou: tiy kk- t u farmer, pureiiaoii.. e-v "y necesfary tuprbe-s lor ! i o ' great dent ha beeu s:-id ui;. on this fubjeet for b -la without any vory nvrki f Ti' as I know, in cl.angi , Hi plan pur&uttl, itid evt-rt; A-Beqaence-; hie.l, tli. r-! hope, by any pro'.' --t i ; a revolutio: oi Jji- ihj. : -do no bar n to all sue'i ' i many otif-rs wliie: '. i: ooEcrning it. Tiiv -.-.! products cau a ;' come to the fariiei, .r.d, only remains n 1 i ; . thai surplus sh-t'.l r-.--. . he malic! o.-ie p:iu--;;-ti proceeds of wl:ieh 'u- r.:n.t i Other neC-iii.u-y p::e , i diversify hi.-: n-,-.. , feoougti -.f e- .-'-j in j.i i put the ba'ii:ii'tf ::. ! one ca-ie thorn ;r! n t..-.;; gencies to be p.rvivid' :.; . he has a cert -.i-ity. V, i ;.. v. man may thitdw t:.ar s-. - ly believfccj t'n.t "u I. i-i ;u ia worth two n :,;v a farmer rai:5-; : Cjn La tukf s b:,- ! : ; -"got the tii-nd wood" eat for his family ; .f h-.; e . 8e!f to plautig ec '.: .; .. t.; lose his crop fro u i. c ; by a fall iu pr:e - ; ,L i i . hjmast go iiiiLiiy ;r . last of theSM lliti. i i.s -f i . - ; b:id as th li'-.t. Mu 4 . . produces de it;,; d -K-l n t pirentof m-'uta. :i- t r bodily, slavery. i ; : legacy wiiioh a p.-ire-i: e ; i I Son, and which, it L e ;. ; - : inevitably m "ke i-.'sa o- : Oent for lil'f, ?"f i:.; al; and thnt . , i ird,"A' ! o--' :! ' the obet i v : ; ; ' ere ia u ' 1;, ; i:.y Will mf)n i ' y 'MppiUvH'i tliiiu a - i1 1 ti at p: iuei j !ie ot thr eaa s . .. . r C'.U ' '. v. d f 5.-1 thai t:ee :;: t y t ver. .M i:y ;. ;. . wan not ;:i o , i more eevt-r--et . ,-; ,. ; :. I uost earnest !y a -r : . j i .nsious iuiy uo: i . ;. , 4 r tanot sav tli-tt ' h '. v . i ;? v .founded. Th.i s, j ; . J -g ono to :. r;,, i i H xittl clear c o- i r t-ff drs is &--f. ,tb e t'-. r e 1 , . . I Miail brt my tim t:;. k. 1 efc forth hu:u or : e 1 j derstaud ther.i, vriiio 1 .. n . 1 .And, in the tiivt p er, v, : :r 3 fr'tuation, to far as !! hidu f r' j .-.ts of the country arc? : 3t'ou cannot b-i iai-t :k -'i ;:: "i 1 tr as your own actual ts) r; ;.o - -. 6 id newer), pets, tho lavou, ffictal it pjrw from vari-Ti- 0 : o t I tf the laad have i.lf rded omi . , t f i : frmatioQ as t j ot :- ;j lies. We all kuow tha I tey is hauler to get now Uau-.a r ; t I My previous period, and that e ; .5 consequently, rttr.crtd iu i k 1 . - t ion that, in tact, ov-r t in' u ; o- , f 4very eommTcial and tr ;d :.r .-.fib' S )ishment in the cou airy theivi t t; sj Well be written what wx ;e u ; -,-; -';BCribed by aa 1 Id Fre:-1 :::u ". ;go, over his door: "'LV.i-t a !. ' ?And yet a gi tieman told san fh - . f . Jmew of an oifr-r i'a ?.' wifr.irj ; .:. fO days by a Nrw (.ik iioa--1 ,',-, ,i :i , Jllillion and a l-.a f do;,...-- oj v cenl, per annum ! And u, .v. - k' i bj him in a disoassiorj i. ;,, ;. prove that there is a p". uty t,: i.m 5 n ids count! y 10 u j La 1 at J .w I A. I It.- - 9 . - 1 Eterest, and as an Jf a speedy rttaru to iri eie p ,.o- . ' j did not doubt the Ptateiu. ai of I act as to the oiler of the 1 : u. ;ime, and do not doubt i? r - w . jjtrange as it may s-onud io on- ;-, ; l-fy-strickon people to hear tu: c a --i;.-- -jnent, there ia no reason t: daubr i i -jruth. Of course, it is what is teiraeil ;i "call" loan, aod the hnder demand ?d as eecurity, government bonds Ijearincrcrold interest, v.hicii me worth fc'rom 15 to 20 per cent, preini-arii, aad men can be converted into ca-h Lt ny raoment, and they would Lave 1 converted if necessary, ou a W day's notic, Unan no otaee 30.- in tne (-;' rejected C -'! ; ' m-p, it would liave R. elj i '. n'.'!-. urrh. aeeordinsr t 1 v7o isi( worth about loar nr.l i'! if. Ujw aod wiiy is it t'-iat wlin O.V, .lirtfiS (! the peor ! tua f r) ;v -i t v -If nri -a::'r- 111 I n"ii''.fl aval atvr 1-. utm , v in'', a a;.d factories are ei"---i, ...Hfivarfl trHioinj? from oi;" , .iititrv 'o tht other ; a-! t - ; . -d a.-- any t.i '. C"TE;).-!.f.l 1 1 ' ,' ! 1 ' "'V ai --d; wii !i 10 a in s in ta !- h-rt o t-i .O t'l t. ' V to :i ' ... - ; ; i r ' t i - :i " : ' 1 y ' ' iv": ' 1 ." t i ' vi." v O.u ' ' ! .-. ! :-.-:;e .. Th:i 1! . ;i ch.itu ''or : r I'-- 1 a , i Vui. -I. - ,--'V x : :. I Ii.il! ' .u- i..t tosy. If i -f :!. d-'c:is ioi ; for. f 'h, !;,-;:':: 1-" ..; ..... -.r , r:- : (-1 ;i- ; , ! v .S O'i). . ... . - - ( . 1 . . . . ' - . . i . i -;- h t : '' : . :r. th- el c ;' "v T -t : ,'. ni ! . ; .. . a ..v . - 1 , ...... e oV- ;i a . : 1 ; -" - :i - I ; i a. a '. 1 - - ; 1. : a a iv o fi... eri pa ) r,' i - i,a ; r .'a 1 1 to k - f It ia o. v at rii:g ai.-' : r. , .1 r 1. . ii'rct u ) .sai; Lie f man- v-:.g-.) a:.t Mid- I'!" -B u which :jj'-! a a ad i f c irwe, omiuaral. d. d ; : r e .j.i.-, b. ! u'tU! 2 ecrta; .1 h xl ,rM tii : Hi nx' - th 1 : i " A. c d; bat icu ! a .r.iy. ,- h r h- u:e? t : liv lia'i in iM iu t?e aiid woat ,s a.;-'., now r-' c.al p! ai'U r ii Sin ::l I ' a e ..r v. ( i a;, V- :y fer iVc- i f (.ua aav a' rh- m s. As A fief ict t; a. tu,- eo !rse i !H at of iyal; v -ooir-. rwh:l-h Vfc i:Luong iv. u'd i- a!:a of trtto htate-aaan- !; -ii,) it was buua r ! !--ery hrane'i o a. f tiio cou-itry, i....Ui)d to ; eaet oa li- r pji ts cf ;:: ! en; fe" ,U s fun, t' a cLt- f niatket -.fa- tures, h.-A at iu -cd iae priucip'i t fou-igu C-UL t; a .a :' ia a.;,l ri.e '.. h for tin-sta- i 1 red th-'Oi, a;:d as- QaJ4 U t-r s e-is-i qa.-ut t'tt-i r -a ss tue ijt.'.i t t !iai: f'. ;V-'i aal.-ii !. t-a rtvivf hiliitr.! a and inniM- of '-U X I . io ii 1 COU'i he ri ary -a t t he : he 1 a . ri'.y of V"ii;a. e ia .. A aatve 1 fj .1 'S 111 f u- iv ia!-al, ' ..' a brga i i . to bo pt r .- ou c iz i1... ; ' . ecjuLaioo 1.1 or it- l i'.tVUil-d. a;.d p.eeursora of ua ii Vi enitli. a thus s rnguV'ug 1 -i the Xoithern ( : d a t(i'!tJaia! coi-.-.h-d proep'.-ritv, a' Oi-jjio tot.ai'dN 'ilia pai ic of " : c: 1't, aral aireS- . a, aad Loth par- a: ta prevt-u! auy '''"'' ii r t!-y ivii. a .pi,-..:ioa i-.aat : i - i I 1 ..; la ;ei ' 1; cannot be i-e ii uav " a es 11 a. - -sent '1 i.s . and . .. I a n v - . d . a :V ; ; . a ju ; i : y. .'id ar i.et ... ;'- j' ;ai jv aVi ; ii a- c; to 1. r money a .' aiiiiia-a 11,0,1 , '.i'0 ad ih.'i'.i o";'i a g a.i, 'i.O . y iit-v o .a tliej '-w-ixtd la:." aruiosaoi tiieiact v is pr. s.i ita and : i. u-i 1 :a -.,t ...f hy providiag for t by r IV ' m ihe tl;e i- t i 1-: -es ;i but ira s'cbse. 1 ! ;ea njiv to aiei t li' one hundred tid; 'Idi'; and, fts if ., y doubt thut eery - '.. t ruuit lit, at the wa-t thus tax;nir the whicu tliey did a '0 no-.i'r aen tii,- "i't . .- iv P ou '.V!y moi-c ;ti lis-; ia tho pajiiic dv- b: .veil ova of in surest, tarae ll:e curro a-y baa '!-' ih.:i a thousand li',' XV-!id: r that Wo ;S73, a':d tl at it fatii iy gro -v wtaa-o. i:a a C ; a a aa 1 :a.,i i. l t . . i -o a'y an jjtai a-. ; i ftiu bv-i-n uiaioigilig uue act ol Vi.-', U StlO Bl g'il hoUt-c.t lill.tak iu tin-liaauc. s, but there was Congress f;r which no such plea cau bo set up; that was tbe act 01 1869 in rfffrd to the 5.20 bonds. By that act of Congress, at the instigation bond holders, violated tne cou- between them and the Govern- aod shamefully wronged the The Btorv is familiar to many have watched the financial legislt , , .. tiou of Oougress, Das tne inss ui people, particularly in the South, are not informed 00 the subject, although 1 roently tiied to enlighten my can stitueuts on tbe stump about it. SufSoe it to say uow thatthose bonds were issued duriag the war, ware bought witai gronbacks when green backs wer- worth about 80 cents on the dollar. a? d were payable iu green backs. Tnat was th contract which tijM ptfopl-mid' wi?h tho-e who bought th-ni. But iu 1S69. nearly seven years ft,Ar tht-y were issued and sold, th holders of them got Congress to pasa law directing them to bo paid iu gold, dollar for dollar of their foa value. ?he iutea-ect beir.cr sio payable in gold. ! s all the iuterest oa the public debt is 1 find tnit :he a -payers of the coun try will have to pay uvi:i m of money r ih boud-h.oaiers which tbey never , rfr -ed to pay. ihiaisapirt of the legislation to '1 ' - Lich I lef-. rred, a.s tasking the ric'i j ncher and thepo r poorer all the t.m ' t v fo.-t"riDg a moneyed mopopoly at ! ire expense of th laboring classes. ! i':i sa Vamo bondholders were the. ; raja who got up the national bank j . fsteni, which I regard as n- t only a vlay uaj'ist one, but a most danger--u-i'ou j to the interest of the Ameri ! e ai people. Forty years sgo the old : U. S Bank whs euppressed by J"icksou j s d hia party aa a huge monopoly 1 which threatened the liberties of the I people. Now, do you recollect what j : o peculiar features of thut insiim i t on were, and how guarded it was be I :i -ved to b :- ? Iu the firrt place, it c -n d establish only ono branch in each I S ate; its whole capital was limited to ! .5 ',0, 000.(100, and thr peopleowned only j oa.'-'iftii of it; to foreign ntock-ho!der ; iild vote for a director; it wasoblig -d ' . uave in its vaults one goal .lollar for every three paper dollars it'put into ';reu a ion ; au 1 each braucti of the b-udc was oblig'-d to redeem the not-s of t-verv other biaacb in coin which iade. the notes "good" everywhere i!if jughont the country. This iustitn lion was dsJ-t roved, as I have just said as a terrible acd dangerous monopoly. N w, how is it with the nntionai -aaks ? Th-.ire are more than two Thousand f t!t.T' in the country, with a capital of S5 0,0:i!).()00, and no a .iuilar of whii-i i t go';-d or silver, hi-, a I i which is g-ivrrunif uf- b-u. t.-. l'Ii. t I'.ave tLa- xclui:ve p-iviiee of e ea.astij V:'k 1 . o?es in the Ulllti t .Sta'es.-ud tho-lawd-nViiot p'.-veat for e j'cm hviat hi otii-- r couairir-.s lr().a hoi.hug ht-.-cit. and eh?etiug their own directors. Toe uotes of these banks m not 1 edt-emaloe in cou. Pract oally they can clnrse any rate of inter oT,regird!es of rSt.ite usury laws, i..r he o!i!y penalty is a forfeiture of t'u a:ere..t under the national bunk hC, as as lvcf-ntly decided by the Supremely-.urt of the United States, ihey baw six per cent g ld interest on the boods which cen?titute their capita!, and thn loan out. the notes which th overumeut furnishes to them, at h"avy m-erest, thus receiving interest not on ly on their credits but. on their debts, it is not 6urpriaiug therefore, that the men who had bought 5 2(Ja with green backs at 60 cents on th dollar, and then established national banks with the bonds, should have realized such junrm us proMts as som of them lid. Oaring one year in Philadelphia the div. deads actually paid by national banks ranging from 53 to 213 per cent! Not on y our domestic but our foreign bou 1 -h iders are interested in the na- e:iiTtiem','l5 fnV ikWM&n'XXTi Ut.i-vd .S'at.-s eighty stockholders and uiiia-tors. If the old U. 8. Bank wijh all its reftrictions was an institution dan v-TO-ts to Ame; icau Lbarty, what s'aal Iwe Bay of this? No-v, u'oi.g with this payment of ihf It :t 'h fjre it was due, and this cou tfiicliori of the circulating medium, ;oad coafftitratlon of power in the ia tiomil bL.-ks (. r boudd olders), a great erj a ia b -in ra s -d about the "prear- atioa of tii- 1. i.,on d creviit" and the "n-tioiial honor" not by the men who fought to ettabiish them, and who e paid for their services in what is c.il. d "n :a-'7er ranblo itigs," but iy the .! d iio.d-rs wno iiave protired by aii the- linane:a. l"aislttin; at.d, ia c -m-pl;-.nv with the chiavr thin rair-t-d tie last Co?i-ri-s i ptiptd an act provid ing for the r-n-r.ptiois of fpeci- inr-ai-.-ais on tha lr. ot Jo.uuary, ls79, wii -i'liy t'ia rfacri'trTj of the 'Irt-nsu'V is d r-cteit 10 im .ijediaicij redee m !"i a: (1 of h-- ;r. :11b ,ck Ciiriiuoy, .-mil fi-ea and af t-r J:.;:ii-Jiy lt, 1S79, io rtdt-:-ia th.-s b rlar.ee (JiU,0h,t),bot.-J of tht t cune-Lcy. Tiiat cf e oiUot h". e'jforc-'d wi.h or.t pro-lueiug uui versa, rum, ana c n- I'v-' t y :ts pas: age crout :d, as nugiji h.tve b:-ea xpecti d, an indignant p rote.-, overywuero throughout the coan ay, eiaept in localities where cupital i cv: courrated. The. result has O. eu tin.- foieitit of an js&uo which thy so con .l "h.-fri mocoy" have Mi-repie-scua-il ai.d bvciv.uded ia every con-esivMbl-j xv ay. It in very uefoitnoate that it nhouU havo been nivio a paity ques ion as it was in some parts of the couu'ry; it i3 pre-eaihinut iy a polnical quea-ioii, ai:d uitimateiy parties may bo formed upon it, but it was unwise at thid juncture to make it a test of party fenlty. Those wiio opp-.-e the poiicy of contracting the oun-i :.cy ma. decouriced as inflationists t.-id r.-pijdi-utors of tha public faith, xvid.. :h ?e 1 e za. - wu'navor 11 ciami xor ineLu... v 1 j f-x-c'u ively the title of hard taone-y men. Mils is neither right nor i-a-net. Ev ery reasonable man desirt- to Me a -lojud currency, based upon a ceiiion a, d permanent p-.liey, t-Ftab!irh-d ia the country. Tl re i.re absolntr'y no npadiators, and none -..ho wish to -the cc-uutry fljod-d with irrt decabie paper currency. Every sensible man admits that our payer money m ist be mad-j eqaiv ict fo gold, but no i-ensible man w.ii d -u iliat piper raon-y .f , rrc kind mu- 'tut.- a ia-. .1 i' ' ; ; H -:i Oi,. 1. i f'-ader, is riif nex. ai sveii the-M, wa- t!n-r r, ii is iii'iUr-y on -. Hi . ... - a-l i , t O::!' yo.'d -a 'i-viuS:o.u : inifi.t m - lg.d teudi a lie; it Nvili -;iy per ,sc. Hi -: ace; i.-jarna mi 01 ta g v a.apoi" ; . and masii, it G dd has no inherent n t cloth" or fevd any I 1 1 -cent y r-ad a very unt go.a i bvth- Ac-uarv la? Now i'oik Board of Trade at ir annua! dinner o the l i b of last uii, il ustrativj .f this idea that 1 a OK d iot u-- ;ei-ariiy money. Iu tbe f l i: ppes eh ia- .-aid; air m to r-c miit, ery briefly, Xp li- ue-a I ii 1 w:th A piece ft w. of na in t'omage. 1 two -y d !i?:s. ai.d Cos', me -ause -1' a i . 1 1 . Ol kOl.i ht-Oii;- . at that, twenty grc-. ,Aas t:iae (aoout tlni y,.ar ISO") ."ix tlili-s ami upward i:, c---. I ii-a-d tbi coiuagc biamu fbi ttirdUii by a manufBcturuigj-weier, woo roi'ial it into u foiin very similar to the i sye checks used by ltd way Coiupaiue-.a-.-avitg it jiennand Urigut; iinpy le.'in essuig upon it a ft-, wet range character's tij tt might had one to think it was a Chinese coin. f ois p ece oi money no, not money, bin ye'Iow metai nine-tenths hue 1 e. o-uvored to seih To a bar ber? No! To n t-hoemaker? No! j t' a d."i I r i a o 1 j auk ? No ! I took it to all the dt-aieis in bullion en Wall i street, beg eniot; a'. Brcadway. Some ! of jou m iy think I was offered txven- ty-five doiiavs for it in cuirencj , as it oo-i m , tout mormug, as 1 have stated. tw-u?y ix 0. di.tr-- and a fraction. But 110? with: tand-rg I offered it to three bulaon dealers iu as business-like a manner as I oould, and pejsisteutlv pressed tiiem for a bid, no one would venture to make me an offer, but said: "We don't buy such etuif," recom- j mending me to some essayer. Desii ii g to see what would be tha result, I vi-ited an asaayer in Liberty Plce, where, aft-r weighing, tdiog, applying acid, aad a.-king me many questions as to where I obtained it, Ac, ko., I was offered 310 40 in greenbacks. This I ref ased, of course, and then called on an assayer on the corner of Liberty Place and Maiden Laae, where, after a similar experience to that just related, I WrtS off-irtd S16 CO in greenbacks. Ou the bums day a jeweler offa ed me $57 50 for it. Another ventured to ay that he would give me $8 10. You see, he figuied very closely; he was anxious to do me full justice. Still laf r on the same day, I stopped a res taurant, and asked the proprietor if he wouhl gie a modwt supper, and take the piece of gold in payment, this he at once de iued to do, bur kindly off' .-rod me credit (although I was a stranger to him) until I parsed that way agjin. To cap the c'imax, I olTired it- to a conductor on ouy of our city railronds, iu p.-yaieat of my fare, and he, evidently thinking I htd no money, kiud'y proposed t take it ia lieu of six cents, or let me ride free, but refused to give me six cents in change, which I sucgeaUd wouid be u quired to pay my fare when 1 re turutai. "After such an experience I conclu ded that whatever else gold might be good for, it was not necessarily money-" When greenbacks were mac's a le gal tender they btcumo thereby the btandrd if value for ua, and the Sec retary of the Treasury deel ired that by that act gold was demon Jtiz.d and had become, as it has remained, an article of merchandize. If the act, as it origically passed tbe House of Representatives, makiug greenback3, a legal tender for all debts without exception, had become a law, and the currency had been allowed to remain aa it wa- for a few years, there would have no trouble about it : but the Senato put a clause in the bill "ex cepting customs duties and interest ou the public debt." thus expressly dis houoiing to that extent the govern ment promises to pay, and we have had endless difficu ties ever since. If the next Congress wiil ttrike out that provision, and leave the currency as it is, and at the same time repoai the act of January in regard to the ret-unip tiou of specie pymen?a, the people will find relief. That act is mere bru turn fulmen at bet. The govern ment cannot Tnm- sctual ptci- pay ments at ibf. time designa'ed. '"Samp su was h t-;roug man and riolomou w s a wise ia.in," said a toper who Was duiiut-d for his liquor bill ; "but I'll :e u d u e:ah-r of 'm cou Id pay bis o bi if ne didn't have the mon-y i'aat will bo the c mini m of the Uui- d S:a es ou the 1-t of January, 1879, and aay attempt to forue a re umptiou f jx'cie paymeurs can only prove dis- h 1 o .s. too only pa'vation that I oan see fur iae people is to reverse the financial t ugiue, and instead of multiplying na tional banks, and withdrawing the greenback cm. 1 Ktiou as proposed to abolish the national bank system, and make greenbacks a legal tender for all deb.s, inoluding customs duties. The only necessity that exists for gold ia that which requires the government to pay interest on its bonds, and gold tor this purpose can be purchased in open market by the government just as it is by individuals. Of course the gold gamblers would object to this, but this government was not estab lished for their especial benefit, nor do the peopie intend to pay tribute to them if they c in help it. Another cause ofcompiaint which the farmers and producing classes may justly allege against the govern- -11 - that has prevailed for some years, flic people never realize the great burden of a high tariff, because it is an i indirect tax upon them. If the same amount was directly assessed upon and collected fiorn them by the offi cers of the government, they would soon rid themselves of it. The cou-tat-t between the protective tariff men and free trade men is aimoat as old as tie- government itse-f. Wi.eu misu fiictaring was iu its icfan-y a reasona ble protection of that branch of indus try was clearly justinibh ; but it rai uuV been prott-cted far i-i:bty DVr yars, and ouht to be able ly thi time to stand aloae, if it ever is to be. Extravaiaut opirron on both Fido. of '.he question are eutertahn d. -s is u-uit, on such subjects, but the tru L lies between them, as is also u.-ual. S--anted as w1 arc, a tariff 'or revenut o-iiii-peusabh". Abs .!ut free tradr ::ui !ib b.-hiuenl of all oastotu ilu t is ont of ih quefion; int tne hin'u ra e of duties wnioa now pravs ih is uuneci'Fi-'ury ro the ran-if ucurer, it. i groi-sly nr-jut to th pioducer. rerty-tw;! jcirs ao Mr. Ciay, in ,p p -H-ing for a cou 11 uanco of the ta. iti of 183 i, said; "(live 113 time, 0 a-e ah nuctu.ttions and agitations for nine years, ao.i the mauufau' v.rer? in eery branch will sustain ruoc-elves agnns? all competition." But .Instead of bns taining themaelves agaiut ali competition, they k-pt up the cry f.jr protection mor lu.-tily than ever, aad 111 1870 the tariff was Ligher than it had ever been iu the history of the government. The average rate of du ties iu the ten iff of 1870 xvas 41 per cvnt. Let me give you one or two practical illustrations of Low you far mers are taxed for the benefit of man ufacturers, a.d of the denmiaations tliaj are made against your interests al in f:vor of theirs, by the tariff Upon all your products, taking ti rem s'niieb-tic iliv-baric y, beef, butter, ehc tt-e, Coi 'i, e-.a n-tueal, flax reed. f"i!h-:, hvu-.s, hides, lard, oats, pork, p'.ci'oes. 1 ye, vegetnbh-s, a heat yon et au iucidontai protection aga.ust fon-ign productrs of about 10 p.-1 yea ; bat upon ali you oonsuni;, Mich is suit, iron, bti ei, leather, woolen goods, cotton goods, clothhof uad the like, you have to pav t r rottction to the Now E'lg'.md m .irnitetnr"r about f0 per ce t. If 3 ou kid it beef and sii! tiie lode to a taucer, wheu you g back to buy perh- ps the same hide corvt i'ed into urid ..f leat'ie', you a va to pay ',' per e. nt. protection to .a for lua--uf;f uriug it. A id so it ' htndrd other insianoes. The - air" 01 ihe c tt-e. too, is-that - u.'l jou pay in this incidental way ot h noes not enure to the benefit l 1 he rnaieiii, but goes mostl-p m o pockttcf the nssi ulucturei. N - w, 1 have rapidly gluced at come of t he cauos winch have produced u.t, pvefieu' dvpro-.-ion in the eon -.try Without going itl-o aijy thtborati. di cassion of them, or proposing, xcept inferentialiy, any nmoiy for the ills wlo'ch best t n-; but it must be appar ent to you, even fiom this cursory x ittn. nation, why we have reached this c-.ndrt ou, and at the n me time how 1? i that notx it'nstanding the general condition of Hffdrs, capitalists huve of-f- rrd to bnd hire sums of moi,fj ou oovt-ni.-aeijt, neeuri?ies at. u-h very low j ta;e- a luvrea . ..ajiaiii s p. rv r iiia..y t-miol; it dreads douonul invest ments exc.'pt governmuu bonds are a this time doubtful. Therefore, as it will not voluntarily r mam idle, and darns not risk Investment in any ordinary business; it wiil content itself with small profits based upoa unim penchable -ecurify, which security can be converted into cab at any time. What we need is a restoration of confidence and a revival of ail our in dustries. This cannot be accomplish ed under the established polioy of the government. The burdens of tbe peo ple must be lightened, taxation must be reduced, labor mut be employed, ex travfganoe must be checked, ringa must be broken up, corruption m ad ministration must be rebnkedand pun ished, and local self government must be -Inexorably demanded and wisely maintained. With the accomplish ment of these objects will come a de gree of prosperity unexampled in the history ol nations, and a career of hon or and glory without a parellel in the annals of the world. riiAHI.FSl'Hl Vf3w AND '.Of. kuiij. The Char le -ton News and Courier corals to us erdirged and improved. It han been and is one of the very beat newspipers in the country. Edited wi h ability, o r ducted with energy and enterprise, in the very foremost ranks of journalism. Its proprietors are making wise use of the vast pa tronage they reoeive in adding to the usefulness and interest of their paper. We wish onr friends, Riod&n and Dawson, a long continuance of their fat profterity, and eonttratulate onr neighboring city upon having in their midrt such a paper. seutor ri-Lii Governor Icgerpoll, of Connecticut, has appointed ex-Governor James E. English to be United States Senator in tbe place of the late O. S. Ferry. Jam1 E. English is a native of New Haven, where ho received a common ch 00! ed!.cat:r-n, learned the trade of a cirpeuter and before he was twer.t; -one years old becur.e a master builder, Turaii g his atteution to the lumber trade, ho acquired a fortune, which has been greatly enlarged by iuvef-t-ments in real estate, in manufacturing enterprises and in the banking busi ness, and he has become one of tbe rieh s; men in Connecticut. His wealtii has a-lded in improving and beautifx" iug tiie charming city in which he was born and bred. He has given largely to the educational, religions and chari table institutions of New II ltei). His private, charities havo been very large. His mat nfacturing etiterpiipe for years past have employed thousands of well paid workmen. He has always been one of the best ard most uuefu of cit;z :ns. His pub ic hie b. gan m the General Assembly in 18CC, when he sat in the Lower fl un-e, and in lS.)b he was in the State !S nare. 11m wa in Cougress fci two terms from lSoO, There bo was known as a "war Demo crat." He voted for the abolition i Kj!very in the l.bstiiet of Columbia He s?eadilv "upoortod tv rv neaurt that looked to th - rector t'ion of tla Enion. He. gave liberal y from ha prtvate means to the outfit of regi ments from his n d ve State, lie was kii industrious commit-.ee n an, a fti'h- fnl Congressman, who was aiwayi in his seat during session and always teutive to business. With his "war' viewp, bis strict regard for the Confti tution and his general conservatism commended him to the regard of nn n of both parties- In 18G7, in the con test for Goernotship, be was success ful over General J. li. Hawley, aud in 1863 aud 1870 over Marshall J-weH now Postmaster General. He was one of the most popular Governors sine the days of Seymour. His public re cord, like his private life, is irreproach able. The unexpired term of the late Sen ator Ferry extended to March i, 1879. Governor English's appointment is tili the meeting of the General Assembly, uext May, when that body will el?ct a Senator for the ren-ttinder of the nne.x r , ' ...;l..,r f,,r fhrt full term following. No State ia the Uaiou will be more ab'e or more faithfully represented ou the floor of the Senate than Countcii cut. Indeed, to sec a New England State represented iu tho upper Hause of Congress by Eaton aud English, looks bke a return to the better days of the Republic. oi k sr.vn: a i:oi.oi;ir. iHvelopuicnl of Vurili Carolina, In a recent tr;p to the Eastern part of ihe State we spent a day in iialeigh, vd m -eing Prof. Kerr, tiie Stare id -oag;st, ou tuif street, we propoid ?o -p ia! an iiour or t vo in has Ma H'-ain a) i ex-imiii' his c dh'ctiou of sjjeciiueus of minerals found withm Hi - bo; ilers of Nort h C.irolii.a. After -,-eiiiJt what Prof. Kerr has !oue v ei. -. Mi d make known tothewnrid ..1 th. w- ioii ri-M urecs of Noith Carolina, not 'i '-:one r. tliat we re t-t i. ii: -. t- v. r :ia.v; setted ill.; abolieh- n eirt ol ins oi'lice. We are coriiid-nf that but very f our p-ap!e know the richness vast resources of their S-at- amount of tro'd. s-Jver. c-'ooer. few and th iron aud coal im'cedtd in the soil ot N lth Carohn :, t. ; ther woh the :.a i't tieuntifal niniHii m.d stone iu ner quarries ia indeed astonishing. In niiLit-rai re-'-onrces and material ve t'di we do not think this State cm be .Hiirpassed by any in the Union. All that is necessary to prove thi is an exa ui'iation of the Geological Museum at Ilaleigh. Prtf. Krr showed us tho Maps he pr.-pared hi d t' ok with him to the Worhl's Exposition at Vienna iu 1873, exhibit i;g the different mineral re gions of me State-, the Mountain?. a;a ti t ,r heights, the t mpt r ifui e of cii in-t'e, &c , Are. xpiau 'tions b- i-.r priaft ,1 on Thf ma s bv the Ihof f-sor tiimse'f in E'-goi-h, Oi-tmnn and TT. t m. -1 v iOi.cn. ice !u:t)s uu-i be .-pec-imens 1 ores and nifive v,-a-ods oxhio.i d o Prof. Kerr attrt-otd sreat Hifcntloa nf . 1 r- -.- 1 , ... me exposition, tn". empi r. r 01 tier a; iay -evera! time.' personally esnrnin-!'-g t he ..i ric es in t:o. S'orth Ctt'olsiiS Departm r'. A rto'ier cu: 101s or rTt.,.,. t C is h wt: by u. e of IV f iv. rr' inapt Thaf ij.e ! ,ii : on t je Nor o (Ja ...ii.u ... .t I r .1 1 . ; .. i -.-i.c . . .iv r J itiiiini lu.o i 1.0 AilAiit.c O.- .uu by 1U0 miles than that of nny other coast from Florida to New lork, and that the land is stead ily and constantly gaining on the Ooeau and narrowing its compsss. Whales and other set animals have ho ti fru aa nil, ,:, seva-t...- tret in the flit 11: ,t near We d. n, T..;d a 010 iiinl Ki sli.n, proving 'lid. the ocean "'- flow d tiv.-r 'lio.e Kta-ti :lH of the State, ..t lia a one hundred miU8 from h-" o i'iau at present. We inViid to a hide to this subject '.'i -a t r, but wil! take occasion now m en;-ges: that the State ought t re fund t) Prof. Kerr the expense be in curred ia going to Vienna and makinsr known tn wonderful resources of North Carolina. W copy the above from the Cha: o'lr Democrat, and dc-ire to give 11 !ir ioi-sement. We have lone boeo aware of the peioi-lent aud intelligent labors of our State Geologist, uu-1 the good which would be doua thrt St-t -thereby. His si rv ces are l--gin':irg to be appreciated as their beneficial results arc b. coming app oent. We are in receipt of tho Ri port of tbe Ge ological Survey of North Carolina, a work of more than om hundred pages, illustrated by a wuli executed geologi cal map of the ftate, and cuts descrip tive of matters of i terest connected with the survey. We hop- it has been in the power of Profasa ar Kerr to have a f ufEcient number of this flue work published that its circulation may be extended to such sections a.i will ren der it valuable to the State. Indeed it i a great pity that it could not be published for circulation ia the Ger man States. North Carolina would burely be benefited therefrom. rue i,TE wii.tiui b. astor. If is Wealth "Katinintrd at Ono Hun dred and FUir niltioas of Ool-litri-Wtnalbl8r About tfli Cbarttcter and Buaineata HabiU. William B. Astor's three surviving sons are John Jacob, Henry and Wil liam Astor, and bis two daughters Mrs. John Carev und Mrs. Frt nk Dela 10. He owned 2.500 houses end building lots in NrWWrk, snd his total wealth xor rtciLt v rs'i'mated st 8150,000,000 Mr. Ator hd more improved leal state tln n at y four men in fiew lorx. excludii g Wii.iam lihiuelauder, the Goelets, A. T. Stewart, and the Be k- rnans. lUost 01 me large lenemeut houses around Tompkins square and along xirfet avenue ana Avenues a Ed B, belong to the Astor estate, as atso do who! blocks in Sixth avenue, from Sixteenth (-treat to fortieth 15 (ti. im Hi'! i jry Aiieairu iiu . . -, 1 1 , -1-. , . .. j the (dd Park J hcutru sere on his laud. He wa alwr-yr reaily to buy veal ts tab w ! e I e c uhl t- t it cheap I was his rule nove to sell any of ho. oouses or 1 ts. H k-asird tha most of his lots for twenty-one years, with the r.t:pulati'u tbat the lessee should build m then:. Ou the expiration of the Iran-s tne bu'lJiusrs reverted to bim the lots. The Astor House was the oivy instance iu which he ever l ;ir;ed with his real estate. For some unexplained reason he sold this piHie to his son, John Jacob for one dollar. SHU-INSUitED, None of William B. Astor's property wis injured. He believed like Air. Stewart that the cost of insurance wouid be greater than his losses. The harms of his father's wili prohibit the budding of brown-stone houses, as La' y were too ex-'ravagant. He strict ly '.ided by this rule, and the brown H;oue houFes tnat he owned be bought J oin other, as they leverted to him ou tiie expiration of h-a."ts. Tt.e mot of the residences that he bud' ou Mad ifeon nd fifth avenues and Thirty-third -x ,d Tlnity-iourth streets in recent y 2e.rs weirt of Nova Scotia freestoLe or onok with Ktoue f rirnmiogi. Mr. A t r attendeH )vrsor:a!!y to the rental i i in;- rel e.-ti.t. and was assisted by his miis and agent. Mr. H tdock and Mr. lii iice. H - fho was at 85 Prince iot, and .e w- ut to t!ie office every d-'V uuiil Vi-ry recently, lln retired ilia I5i iu'- oa a pension. In l!7l Mr. Astor paid two millions dollars tax-s ou his houses sud lots. IHE ASTOR FAMILY. Mr. Astor in ver held a public effice. His whole life was spent in the man igem ut of his fortuue. Neither of his three sous has any bnsiue3 i pur suit. Henry, the youngest Ron, inherited the, estate of Ids uncle John Jacob, six vears akrro. He married the daughter of a poor farmer in Barrytown, Dneh ."B count v. against the wishes of his relatives. The Astor sstate descends to John Jacob, the eldest f-on of William B. He is about s;xty years old, and ha on sou, William. It ha beu the eutoru in tbe Astor family for three generations to deposit one hondred thonsand dollars in bank at the birth of a son or daughter, the Dinurv aad the interest to be given x the child when he or she became of age. Mr. Wm. B Astor had three deugn- tors, the eld.-st of whom was the first w;fn of Sam Ward. Another was th wife of Frank ... Ian , of Griuncl, Mio t.iiri & Co., and the third is married to Jar. juuii ejai"e?y. run IIuu. ,ri. Win'.hn p Cbauler married oae of his gru c ddaughti. r h- Mr. Asior wa- sharp and exacting in his business dealings. Aa bis friends expre.-sed it, "Wiaeu he paid outucnt he wanted a cent iu return." He wa not so prominent iu charitable works as was his w.fe, who died a few ye.rs ago. She was a messenger iu s? ve ral charitable institutions, ad gave away 1 fortune among the poor. She was a daughter of Geu Armstrong, and was related to the family of Alexander Hamilton. Till: SIAM OF SDU.tXI. aittonndlnar llf velatloni of Vspo-lt-u ill Vtlij- r'rnnre caa Laiailr Wlilpprd bj tb (Irrinaiii. a'hirg, Timpa. The accumtilt'ng facts about the monstrous ineflicienev of Napoleon ' il's preparations for the war of 1870 have already exhausted all our capacity ;or being surpi ised, but stdi they come. vVc qnn'd a few frush instances of criminal etut idity. All the eight thousand at t'ihdy-wagons were in a strong enclosure at Ve'noi , which was P'ovided with one narrow entrance. The wagons were so ingenionsly and intri ately pih d together that ii would have taken eipht months to merely ect them out. Gra D it-tot testified that, of the two thon-aud cannon iu Stras buig, less that five hundred were fit for ue. The arsenal wa full of 6foae caniionballs, made i'x the time of Liouis XIV. Thero were cookiug pots for o-i'y two thousand men and cantons for only fifteen thousand ; there were no halters or picket-ropes ; but there was enonth black cloth to d-ess on hundred thousand men. Due rot Sidd he "spent five years iu a -king uselessly for iLdispensible thing." Iti Melz, which was the. ba ef supply for three army corps, the Pplj of biscuit and oafs wa ex hausted within a week. Thera wi not an ambulance, wagon, not a crt :n the town. Of thf three million three hundred and fifty thousand in tic kets, only one huudn d thousand were oliapw pots, and mauv of the o?be"-- iir.d been sold for old iron, although not yet deiiveied. There wire 'u one hundred and fifty ro.uu is for eeh c! asscpot. the troops were handled with shockit-g incapacity. More than one hundred thousand of them, who weie absent 011 leave, wi-ra lft without ordaia-, without Iran? portation, with out arms and without rations, to join :heir regimvntr as best they couid. Men who were ordered to the froutiti from Parif were actualiy sent thither y way of Algiers, in order that they rnifch ba oloth'd in the moth-eaten uniforms which were lying there. It is needlesH to pile np mora proofs. fhese are enough to convsct Napoleon HI. of degree of incapacity fuch as his bd terest euemies never dreamed of imputing to him before his bubble rep utation burst and ranee fell a tio- tim to her faith in him. Fire. T'e- larm of fire this morning at a quaii. r p:, t )hrn o'clock, proceeded from in Hua. ; ua .r vii yni'diug on tho cor; er of Marke nnd Second eUce.S, Oi.rjed CJ lUfci oollll U.blTU estate. Tha fire was first di; covered in the saloon of Mr. R. B. Burnett, and had gained considerable headway before tbe Department arrived on the scene. It was some time before the engines were put to work, but the Chief Engineer of the Fire Department v-:ry promptly restrained the fireman from bursting in the door and windows and the flames were kept down until water was at hand, and in a few minutes the fire was under con trol. Mr. Burnett will probably loose his stock of goods, and Messrs Muiler and Gerdts who ocoupy the store on the corner wiil puffer much damage to their stock. The building ia more or lets damaged, but at this late hour it is irr.poKsioe to ascertain to what ex tent. We learn that the property was fully insured. 1 Of tha actual sum in dollars of which the late William B. A.tor is es timated to have died possessed it is impossible for any one to form a on Ception. says the Boston Post Even a single mi. lion tran scends the power of the mind's grar-p, and how much more an estimate of two hundred millions. If Mr. Petr Cooper's judgment as to Mr. Astor's aggregsta wealth be correct, tbe latter died by far the richest mn in A mere . Such a fortuue is simply colossal. It is moreover so much a nove'ty in the social development and growh of this conntry as to excite (.peculation s to the influence which snch vast accumu lations of wealth are likely to have on i:s future. Iu these later days la.ge fortunes have been so common that the A.tor fortnte raises no such wonder as t m;ght have done years afro; yet ii is too j-tnpendous not to be contemplated with a fort of awe by those who mike it the obj- ct of the;r lives to regard m-,DPy in the- mental attitude of wor hp. It is certainly the first fortune of aey approximating its own size that nas remained a nertditary possession in an American family. Our Republi can statutes broke up the primogeni ture spirit and tLe custom of entail, and aimed to scatter and distribute again what had beeu accumulated with such care. The founders were jealous of that growth of power in families which through the recognized influ ences of money might come to eetab lish an aristocracy. Generally speaking, th) scattering system has prevailed; but now and "hen, as iu the present case, a family arises of such peculiar stock that the passing down of its fortune from one generation to another is as mnch a matter of pride as tbe ht-redity of taient and genius. We have a few well-known instances of the latter in the country, but tne Astor fortune, we think, is the lirt one of any special note that has descended with the full momentum of increment to the third generation. Some men are foud of leaving their property to grandohildren of their own name in order to perpet uate what has cost them so much care and yielded them such a harvest of pride; but the instances are few where the eldest sou has taken the parenta' treasure, nursed and tended it with even a pious care, aud added to its di mensions to his latest year, that a son of his own might take the augmented result from his hands and go ou with tbe work of roiling it np for a fourth ana even a later generation. There if little danger that such a custom wi l be extensively followed. Not every man regards investments as his father and grandfather did. If anything in secure in a new country like ours it i real estate, and a fortune largely be stowed in that c'ass of investm- uts may be regarded as perhaps more per maueut than in any other. The prob lem is, however, to find a series of generations every one of which is con teut to Keep tnat line, to uve simp y, to work hard, and to make the care of money the sole business of life. STA.TE NEWS. Mrs. Mti!da W., wif of O S. Dewey. E q., of Newbern, N. C. db.d on the 23d iu-t. after a long illness. The deceased was aged 59 years. H. A. Reams, propr etor of the Dur nam warehouse, sold thre million two hundred thousand pounds of tobacoa during the jear 187i. W. C. Monroe, Snow Hill, N. C, will be thankful for any information concerning J. H. Monroe, insane, who left Snow Hill on the night of tbe 17ih of November and has not been haid from since. The Grand Lodge of Masons of North Carolina wid meet iu Raleigh on Mondv, th 6th of Deoeruber. We j uadersland thut there is every pros- peot of a large attendance on thd oaca- SloU. Ve la- n th.-t Mrs. ane A. Haw tht Mrs. kins, reb'c of the late Co!. John D Hawkins, - ied at the residence of her giandsou, Capt. A. B Andrews, in iialtigh o. Tuesday evening. Judge 1 ade, member of tbe Su pnajtno C. rt cf this State, has been quite ill fi - some time at bis home mi Ww-hiegto county, with typhoid pneu' joii. . but we are giad to learu tt;at his c dition has much improved within tin ast few dys. Judge S ?mour made a most impor tant decisi oat Wilson Court during the last v eek. Sajs the Adcanct: "Thecwef B. Byuum, of Craven, against G. W. Barefoot. Executor, involving the validity of a payment in Confederal money, was decided un der the oh ge of his Honor in favor of the pl oatifl. It seems that the. debt agan -t Mr. Barefoot's estate was collected I y the Sheriff of this county U".der exei ition, aud the money (Con federal) paid into the Clerk's othce. Mr. Byniif was in the Ftderal lines aud could not apply for the money. After the vr it was worthless and he ref us -d to ake it. The Judge charg ed that it nas no paymet t, and judg ment was given sgainst Mr. Barefoot. Au appeal was taken." Thirty, forty and fifty years ago FiT' ttev" . was the ' Coma ercial 'urf oi ti e State, having a traae with Lincoln. Mecklenburg. Cabarrus, Row tu and sev. ral other Westorn counties nd also with the Central counties of Granville; Franklin, and Wake, Ac, rmyiug Had shipping down the Ctpe Fear River to Wilmington, nearly all the Wheat, Flaxseed, Tob icco, Cottoa Butter Ac, raised and made in the octt country, liut the bui.dmg 1 R-ilroads in the State has cuttle Town off fromthe highways, and now. instead of seeing five or eight hundred wagons each day in her streets in the Fall months, we see but very ft-w vehicles of any sort containing marketable pros d uoe. But the town is by no means dead iier citizens have more energy and con cert of action than any place we know of , and are now making determined efforts to build Railroads to Shoe Heel in Robeson county, to connect with the Carolina Central Railway, and to Goldsboro on the Wil. & Weidon Road. If efforts are enccessf u! (and we hope Ihy will be)the Town of Fv- ettevilie will yet be "a power iu the land.' Since 1825, A. A. McKhau (now one cf the wealthiest men of the piace) Las been engaged in manufacturing carriages, buggies, wagons, &o. He wciktd at the "bench himself and of course knows how to do business and turn out go d men who served under him as apprentices. Within the past forty years several men who learned a trade with Mr. McKethan have en tered the learned professions and beAn eminently successful, among the num ber three ministers, three lawyers, two physicians and a number of "merchants aud bank officers. So much for hard work and good training. Charlotte Democrat. In thi la6t eight years Spain has changed her rulers and form of gov ernment six times, while in the same period her foreign relations have been managed by eighteen different public men. Thero have also been seven dif ferent Captain Generals in Cuba dar ing these same eight yean. WASHI 1T C3-T02ST, Xbe Political Niata-Babanck and tb Uhik Fraud Hrifctoxv aud Uraut. Special Telegram to tbe Richmond Iipateh. WASffiNOTON, D. C, November 30 The contest for the offices of the House shows little change to-night, though Randall's friends claim that he is ahead and will surely be the lucky man. This changes also the prospects for the lower offices, and will put Vir ginia outside of all chances fir secur ing the Jolerkship, which will either be given farther South or to tbe West, thonch now it is universally conceded that Thompson, of Ohio, will be ser-geant-at-arm-1. The slate that appears to be of great est importance to-night is: Randall for speaker. Banks for clerk, and Thomp son for sergeant-at-arms. Kerr's friend, however, say be wilt develop more strength in the caucus than his opponents have any idea of. The St. Louis telegrams accusi.' g Genera! Babeock of complicity in the whiskey frauds create intense sensa tion here, though no one is found, of any party, who declares that Bat-cock allowed himself to be made a tool of. The signing of his name to the tah -graras is believed to be an invention of the ringltaders. A sensation is ' broad 'n ti e shape of a report that Bristow and the Prt-s-dei.t quarreled to-day, and that tt.e former will resign nfter Congie.-s as sembles. Thb wine makir g sea-ton in Los An gelas, Cal., is about ended. The vin tage will much exceed 800,000 ga'lons. Last year it cost us 31,000,01)0 to repair and keep afloat Hie o'd irou pots aud wooden tabs digu.Ce 1 as "our navy." Makian Singer, daughter of the sew ing machine iuventer, has nppered up on the stage iu San Francisco in bur lesque. A memorial to Congress is being lu-m-roudy signed in Utah, praying for 'he admis-iou of. that Territory as a State this winter. Thaddkus Sttbvens's colored "house keeper." Lydia Smith, to whom he de vised $5,000, has sued the estate for six years' pay at S200 per annum. I'HiaBE is a bull frog frni iu South eastern Wisconsin, thirty acres of swamp fenoed in, and the proprietor ?ends thousands of these featherless birds 1o New York. Gen. Sherman's report, which was given to the country i-everal days ago, showed the rt galar miiit-iry force of the army to consist of 21,031 men and 1,540 officers. Thb poo! sellers on the great four-o-ile race in California, bold more than 8200,000 to await the n suit. As theie is no immediate pro-pect of the race taking pbice, and money is worth four per cent, a month in Sau Fransisco, the pool sellers are in the enjoyment of a very respectable temporary L j naeza. The hour of Joe Jefferson's great triumph in England is clouded with gre.it gri f. His youngest child, a boy just four years old, died in Lon don, two weeks ago, after a' illness of four dy. Thischild Harry, the pet of the household was born in Chica- ! P on the ni8ht oi th Are, aud f us death brings Forrow to one of the toppiAot liompft A" artli. lij pfronip- tory command of physicians, Mr. Jef fdrson continued to act. A Washington dippatch gives th- rather apocryphal report thst Vice President Wilson wa- engaged to be married, on the recovery of his health, to Mrs. John A. Jackson, of William son county, Tennessee, and that- it was mainly to see her that he visited Nash ville last spring. The ttory further goes, that they first met at Washing ton, had corresponded regularly tdnce, and that Mrs. Jackson is one of the most dssfingaihtd and highly cu'ltur- d women in the South. Thk purchase of a lurge interest i'j the Suez Canal by Emd-sua has given rise to a good derd of comm-nt and speculation in Europe, and in reply to thia flia Tnn m a.- r .1.-4. I L . . this the Junes sava that the Gr at Powers were not notifi dbernuse there was not tirae, and fiat, moreovr, no body had a right to proe at. Thip is in t-trong contra-t with Biatisli policy cf late years, and vi take it is exp'am ed by the crippled condition of France. Before Sedan th s purchase would have been followed by the burning of much villainous saltpetre, but now, we take it, England will be left in the com manding position she occupies without molestation. The Presbyterian Synods of Ala bama, Mississippi, Arkansas, Texas, Nashville, aud Memphis have unit- d in obtaining a cuarter for the Southwestern Presbyterian Uni versity. The board of commissioners selected Clarksville, Team., as the lo cation, ami Stewart College with its funds and appurtenances, the nuc! us of future operations. There is now on hand SlMi.000 of endowment fund safely invested, which is one-fifth of the amount proposed to be raised. In addition to the grounds and buildings, worth $50,000, there are cabinets cf minerals, fos-ils, and scientific books representing 30 000. The former lac ulfy of Stewart Col'ega wiil be con tinued provisionally. t'liiltlrt us ftxir. The children of St. John's Church propose holding a F.ur and Festival at the City Hal), December 16th and 17th, at which time a laree variety of toys and fancy articles will be sold at very low prices. The opening night will be particu larly attractive, as the "Cornet Con cert Club" have kindly offered their services and the people who attend wiil have the pleasure of enjoying some new and choice music, in addi tion to a good supper ; an art gallery; and the opportunity of making Christ ma5 purchases. Sa-.ta Oians receives a cordial i ivi-tatio-i to ai, to nil. 'Iheriaaam zing ann-u-it of bad colds prevulant iu the community jur-t at present, "the Rnuffl a" are as com mon in crowds as egg-nocg fc Ciir st mas. We suppose the sudden chan ges of the weather produces the d tficulty. Keep well wrapped up is all we can suggest. Prompt Reinforcement. Whan the iliin- ruciies ar overtasked or flig through eknoas r di.e.e tl'e. need l.romiit ruiniorcement. Keuewcd r :e ii.oot V-oolily np;.li-d ibrough tu- mptliuoi l1 a tonic sti uinnt, ai.d mnm.g mi dicir.nl r.rc- n of that class, H s'ettei e -to acli h.irrias surealy deserve a pre emineut .l.te. WcHk iie 8, wkcthtr conNtitutiooal r -ariis rg lioiu diaeaaeor OTer-tadgtii, cnrnot bo i est. r c .iii i e iWit -d for h hy a rsori to thi." prime atreug h a. g c rd.... TUo cfectltd a.Thlia, he c mvalcacent an.1 'he a-' d tn l infirm tl d It U hu ui. failing aonrre ;f tior anl tomtnrt Iia rombneo -ontp. and alt iat;v properties alro ooiisiiiute tt au tnv-Oaabie r. meU v lor in 1 gestioD, weakneeodf the uigi:,.i uriEarion, CioiMipatkiii. torpiuity of the Iver, and mauj otber irresubritiea ai ddliab:li iMt, and render U an.inTalaable protection against malaria, a wfcU a diatt4ta of tha itomach and bawala. V 13 J V. U jp i j THE FIRE BUG AT WORK. Twentj-flTC Stores Burned - Great Distress Amongr the Citizens. NEWS irsr GENERAL. Senora Revolutionists Defeated The National (iranse--Afc!dents.-Chas. OTonnor-Khukand, &. OOL D 15T4. X0ETH CAROLINA. Beat-tort, N. C. via MonsmD Citt, Dee. 1. The largest flre that ever occurred here took p!ce about 2 A. M. , and was evidently the work of an incendiary. The loss was vary heavy and tbe insurance compara! vt-;v light. About twenty-3ve stores ,r burred comprising all that. poHrin rf Front itreet, between Turn 1 .,.. Orange, with th- exception 01 t pr'vate dweding. Many of oar zens not ev-.ayi uing, ai.d rnuc tre-S v 1! result therefrom. a uis- WASi!If.T0. Wa- th a :? is dear TXGTOJt, Dec. 1. It is re. or'ed j. P. Avery, Minister to China ILLINOIS. flmnoo, D- c. 1. SenVor Loean i -ufferi-R from acute r'a umatisin of the bi dn. CALirOUXIA. San Fbaviisco, Dec. 1. A disprtch from TuVson confirms the report of the defeac of the S. mora revolutioiiir-ts. KENTM'Ky Louisville, Dt c. 1. The National Grange continues iu tcssion another week. A rewolutioii ordering h C art of Appeals for Grangers was adopted. OHIO. Cincinnati, Dec. 1. A freight -rriu on the Kentucky Central jua p l the track and ruu down an embankffli-iit. The engineer, Wm. Thomrs, wae" lid led. The engine and ten curs w-ie wrecked. SEW TOME. New Yoke, Dec. 1. TLe edeamra Sunnyside was sunk to-dny bv (lie ice. The c!"rk here tho k tht four or live lives were lof-t. At a late hour lufd n ght O'Connor's physicians held out ht p-s of I i, re covery, providing he nidf, -rs f,i.,ru no re! spue. The polic prev n'td a public draw ing of the lottery f,r tee r;cii n of a heme for the liomv'i-s children. The drawing was conducted privatelv. MARi'LAXD. Baltimore, Dec 1. A -iwcial me -iug of the fctoekho d. rs of the i).,l:i niote ifer-outhein Siena Traiej -;t.. tiou Clompany is bing h-hl hi it; to day, to ttke into contdderntioa tlae b 'st means of closiny tiie buin -'sf of tiie Ctompany. A i er-olin i-n was adopted turning over the property';, the Directors, to be used for ti-" bene fit of creditor-. The tofal ilah-bttd-oess is S-20,000. Mr. 1). J. Foley, Preaideut of the Companj-, sfattd that fteannrs wr;i-i!..f be tan as u-u.-.l. The stcau'ers r,f the Company jiy b.i-ivvetn this city, Charleston and Wilmington, N C POBJ3IG-1T. EMiLAND. Dec. 1 The St. s.ivs t Le uic-M nL-t iNDON. Is Ru-ian territory -rove the : eee-wity of the occupat'ou of the ieuiaii.der of Kbnkand. The t-dandud says tht in conse quence of the recent c a ft r; nee beiwe! n the English i:nd K-t i eh com manding officers on the N th Ameri can stations, it is Loped tio.t. i i! so ness i:i oonf.eqvu-nee of the inb-i ftienc f ttie French in tha New Fundland fidieries will be r moved. ipjp JLiE: to w s ' ALBICAN OYGLOPOs Ji Entirely rnwrrten tier-, s :h jji-a P li ill r i . i tie- .4 1 'r, iu ll est uTit.'m rai THE v.- rk viraja, b.t ot i' . t. S t. .v i). V W .-.jei.. t the) -.vul .-ir. i:l4-:: -enrtji of - a V.,"ii.r . , ! 'Jim ets a Ii t-h .1: r- - tl O i -1 VI .-1 .,1 i .;. i ;: . ..-- i w 'li.-ii t rm- ,! r .I i met) . r .-iae.au,-. in -..-a t . a a- r.- . an ciac! an ! th.ir, u- X f i i.i till! O .')Pii'l V. i an o .li - at rnvrrrj i i ev -v rl i'leriUtji h. !.; Art, li iv i i - lei-Uf: l ti!i:i, 1 ii,;h r.-viyion. hi I f. i-.-.c J 'Ht A M I ". a 1 0 - N n tenrs ' ai 1 1:1 a a 1.-..I-.V- u mn-iri a i.ew w rk ut n U'r.Pie tivts WHIlt. i lie ra ivemeic -if voaiu-iil 1r r- !ia kt pct-wiata ii --..v. rii a -.a' ii' a ,l ii u f u iful . (,p:i--aiio . ijtic i iiij-tr.nl K!,a u-r-f;il art nna tae c .r.v.'i.i.'.ir. nn. rdri.-i.-rii, n .a-o.-iai lite, tire t -tr h- t t ,ns- j:ie a l ev ,1 i ' oils hare oceurreit ir v .vi z iiati.iii.iU-ris'-,-.- '.!' t. en n.tr ui.in t i':e eivii ir of o ,r , v.ti co i rtry. h;ci h a lis lii'it whfti t?e l-'-t volame of !ti - ol.i v.ii k a;i,t'.-iril. li - ti .: p ac-eii eii.le.t. n'lil b n.-- e..,i: s,- of e- iu u : i Tot In. In-;rinl ,ii-!,v.lv I; i- oeen i-.- m ar i ,1 Lit (je .'i-tif4iie.-to o;ir ce. r-ijI ic! ka . 1 'sag oith. .-e.-n tu ft l h .n.S.tHfg:i.cex ...,rt r f .-. fi l-.-H. Thi: irHf polua i n-c.i ii-.ii)i.- the !"t t iJ'. the ni ii k' r-f .i-.tef ihe l,ce cf ' ..iti -. l.avt br.iii-. i i ii iii-.nc'iw f ui : O : .1 li tf i f v u i e-i . w i'O . I, id:,'i :,rt. in -.!.. v ' ,:e " meu ii. aa.l '( wti-MM ii?es. everv ' i;r nu to k i; j w tae 1,4m -i a -! r. at '..t, t h 'IF,- Ili-n leUji it T1 1 ll,KJi.II t-s tnoi- - tin a it whtcti 'bed-.-tHi,-!.a-vir ..-. .-ivfd J . 1:, - ll n.-W-p'tl-etbo: 1 - - M'..-U:It ;iai-C-i ! I1M .f tt!R llHV , lee tii II ..ll.-lt la' 'n k - tii. ir piHce in -; ia iueiit imd Miibt-ra n tl e rv. t: p!Vrili!f ' l e i.r.;Jent i a I ,. !. :. it r-.i- aci-,r.ir.l 1. - t M". n.i :i t iti;.- ,o lirmij .1 .w , ib- iriraiTii-. a. t t r.t eaHibie d '..s to f.tiie-ii a Hi-- tcv"U;it ta fie ie-wi r-c..-ii' ai.---iVer, l i :t i e I eery 1 e-n ( .,.!. :i.i:i ir- ,;'i-r.,I i t-, iei f tbe newe-i o;t;Oi. 1 e . : , ii- i .,: i ., hs well a-t- g'T ' oaaiit a-, : o.--'iat n 1'i.rd f tbe p.-cuf-eMK'f eoa-ical -aud h.H'iri- ' I Tf Fit" i be uork lue 'i.-en h'gau ft r lo-v sa.t vtr-t'nl reioni' nrj labor, an-t w 'tie tc "t i np'e reroiirc. a tor carry ii-sr it on to a -iff i-'i-s-f'i:i termination. oi,e.iftae oriaial stereotype .ta li.'t'.e I en uxfd, t ut evt-ry pa.-e 1ih b-en poiitm: n a w vie, forming in fnct a n w ..cloj ami', -.tb tbe 8Eie plan nud ruminix a It pr alc- 0 i'Or, bul witb a far cruiiter i.tt uninry fi,n- 1 ture, aiel wlfb suob i -prnveaieut la in- t..'u !.! turn us h-tre b - in sug'-nt'd by loi g'f fx ix rit-nee ami eii!ar'l - uowleiiif " 'the iiluHfraiieti which ar intiodu'd t r 'It i ttttuno in tbt presort edition hare bt-e -j a,l-li-il no: for the sV-i of toriil ee;t. bin tn gi"f gn aiei- laciaitv ami t'or-e to th- esi.lu :i i"iie iu 'be tert. Tbe- embrace a ! bran--li-s f C'enm and uf nut rrnl ler-tory. ai.d d ie' ' t n ,-(-t ta.uio-.in ami reiiiarkabl- feature i c : . - i arrhitei-Inre, and ai t. a- teii - tit - Tr : rM. t-er rt oior.hHii), a ai. n- i:r.;v ti. . A ' Ik i fc :ii-.- lid or itiHirociifj i ratl.e. il -li t.i' jit . ii ?--i..t hve brT Jr, ,l iii tii it artietiii tt,'e!.t;i t; tt co' L.- r e- i io-i 'i to. rnieu- a; a it Ie - nvt.. villi find a it e come rc?f,f io.i aa in'" ,'rsi I a :.- . r , r, ..- lOi'te 'i a, and wo."U.y ,f i's h'I' e:.ar..c-te .- 'I hi- -.vo :; ii ii:ei io c:i -cr bt-i P ot.l J.-TH" r -e on tleliTf rv 1 t)H b -. lniee It -:ll be ceni t d la -i i-en ' e,-t:i vo o tin-.e, esi ti ooKni'-:i .lo ? c. -ii f-.il'y illus'rtte. . with -:JT- m1 :aor a' d y.) ! 1 iiijr.iFing. ai.tl wall i.nnv.'ini': , ,l"ie I i.itb-t 'r'ii-tne Price arid Stvie of Binding. ie c,tra tj .;- . -r to, "' n ! ir.t:,rv l.e.tli-r. r t.! In I!:!f Turkey Mo--c-, ;rTe 7 ' 0 ?a H:of H i!.xi, esti a jrib . p-r --t S l:i Fnll Mt roc.-o, antiqu - gi t . d -s. per vol 10 r Iu Full Kiii-i-i, per t! !l ' 0 V". Inrnw now itaav. - a f' oait; oeim .", ioa 1! complel ion, will bi in-ma oeCb :n tvt mcntbd. Si,e men I'scei oi Jtbe AMfBIi 'AN lT,'THDil,IH ........ Ii". n:rr .U" 'I etc., w.ll btf.entgrtlix. ou appiicttiO'i. FlRST-CliAiS C AKVASSIXO A O EST8 "Yantkd. Address thi"rui lifcb.rf, J). ArPLETON & CO.. '49 and 551 Broad way, IN. . T.